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FOR 1905 



H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia 

S. F. Sanger, South Bend, Indiana 

D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, Illinois 

A. B. Barnhart, Hagerstown, Maryland 

John Zuck, Clarence, Iowa 

Published by the 

Elgin III. 


• 1 f 



Activity in Church Work 228 

Active Worker Called to his Reward, 

An, 276 

Advancement of the Colored Woman. 

The 134 

All for the Missionary Cause 3 49 

Apostolic Missionary Collector, 447 

As an Evangelizing Force 578 

Bhil Funeral, A, 90 

Bible Classes of the Church, The, 221 

Bible on Missions, The, 79 

Biggest Census in the World, 347 

Brief History of the Brooklyn Mission, 641 
Brief on Young People's Missionary 

Classes, A, ' 88 

Brooklyn Bible Classes 659 

Brooklyn Mission Commends Itself, 

The, 655 

California Mission Field, The, 349 

Caste in India, 471 

Chain Letter, A, 352 

Children of the Steerage, 394 

Chicago, 223 

Chicago Church, The, 218 

Chicago Extension, No. 2, The 194 

Chicago's Boys' Club 226 

Chicago's Bureau of Charities 210 

China Inland, The, 511 

Christ a Missionary 23 

Christ is All 345 

Church and the Temperance Cause, The, 2zo 

Concerning India Religions, 537 

Continue through the Year, 586 

Daniel L. and Annie S. Forney, 704 

Death of Shivli, The 19 

Distinctive Principles of Primitive 

Christianity in the City, 203 

Does Enthusiasm in World-Wide Mis- 
sions Affect Home Work? 4 74 

Does France Need the Gospel? 2 70 

Does the Lord Measure our Characters 
by the Use We Make of our Money? 664 

Doing Christ's " Whatsoever," , 728 

Early History of the Brethren Church in 

Chicago, 193 

Early Life of Wilbur Stover, The 254 

Epitaphs not of Marble, 67 

Every Man a Worker 410 

Expect and Attempt Great Things for 

God 10 

Eye for an Eye, An, 25 

Factors Entering into One Missionary's 

Decision, 482 

Filipino Evangelists Supported by Fili- 
pinos 153 

First Steps in Self-Support 28 

Foundation for Home Work 591 

Geographical Christians 466 

Girls' Class in Mission Study at Mc- 

Pherson, Kans., 283 

Giving 271 

Giving Enriches the Giver, 724 

Gleanings From the " Price of Africa," 475 
Glimpse into the Past and Future, A, . . 6 

Gospel of Giving, The 669 

Greater New York as a Mission Field, . .644 

Gungama's Sheaf, 540 

"Here am I; Send Me." No. 1, 278 

"Here am I; Send Me." No. 2, 402 

"Here am I; Send Me." No. 3, 455 

"Here am I; Send Me." No. 4, 534 

Help! 668 

His ^ nree Leper Friends 350 

History of Grand Valley Church, Colo., 275 

Idolatry among the Bhils 24 

Idols at Home, 535 

Ignorant of the Bible 538 

Increasing Attendance 587 

India Becoming Christed, . 14 

Industrial Work. What it Means and 

What it Does, 206 

Intellectual Development 604 

Interpretation, 603 

In the Fullness of Time 353 

Its Opportunities 600 

Its Place in the Mission Field 593 

Krishna — The Hindu Ideal 720 

Life Sketch of Lottie Phillips 657 

Listen! The City Girls, 711 

Mail Order Business in Mission Work, ..264 

Magnify Christ, 154 

Many Promising Fields near by 3 

Meeting of Native Christians at Bulsar, 343 

Members' Children in the City 215 

Mid-Winter Mission Study Campaign, ..150 

Ministerial Problem, A, 325 

Ministerial Problem, The 341 

Mission Problem of Our Colleges, The, 723 

Missionary Endeavor of Promise 9 

Missionary Call. The, 543 

Mission Element of the Brethren 

Schools, The 127 

Mission of the Sisters' Aid Society, The, 221 
Mission of Christian Workers' Society of 

Chicago 208 

Missionary Element 149 

Missionary Thought from Life of Ed- 
win Wallace Parker, 151 

Mission Work a Serious Business, 9 

More about the Philippine Field, 148 

Native Women in Africa, 75 

New Root River Church, The, 717 

New York as a Gateway to the World, 642 
Night at the Brooklyn Mission, A, ....661 

Observations Around the World 713 

On Our Way to India, 86 


One Thing the Brotherhood Ought to 

Do, 8 

Our First Christmas in India 146 

Our India Work as it is, 129 

Our Italian Brethren, 670 

Our Missionary Reading Circle 143 

Our Neighborhood, 196 

Our Own Dooryard, 703 

Our Stewardship, 401 

Our Sunday School Extension Army, ..196 

Open Door, The, . 144 

Origin and Prospects of the Chicago 

Sunday School Extension Work 202 

Paul a Missionary 16 

Philippine Field, The, 16 

Pittsburg, Pa., Mission Church, 407 

Plea of the South, The 725 

Plea for the South, The, 725 

Power for a Consistent Life in the City, 

The 220 

Power of United Effort 217 

Primary Class, The, 594 

Principal Foreign Missionary Societies, 83 
Promise of Results in the Long Run, . . 11 

Railroad Man's View, A, 618 

Ready, 465 

Reasons Why We Should Have a Meet- 
inghouse in Brooklyn 650 

Relation of Business Men to the Church, 

The 198 

Religion between Sundays, 476 

Remedy for the Loss, A, 596 

Report on Africa 515 

Response of Gratitude, 214 

Review and a Preview, A, 7 

Secretary's Experience, A, 73 

Separation of Church and State in 

France, The 721 

Setting up a New Idol, 261 

Shirk, Bertha Ryan 259 

Signs of the Times in India To-day, . . .522 

South Africa 266 

Spirit's Power in Wales, The, 131 

Statistics 84 

Story Concerning a Sick Child of Chi- 
cago, 214 

Student Life in Chicago, 224 

Student's View for 1905, 5 

Summary of Protestant Foreign Mis- 
sions, 86 

Sunday Schools in India, 598 

Superintendent, The 581 

Teacher not Made in a Day, The 582 

That Which is Lacking 727 

There are Missionaries and Mission- 
aries 69 

Training and Curriculum, 575 

Training the Children 601 

Tuskegee, Ala., Normal and Industrial 

Institute. No. 1 451 

Tuskegee, Ala., Normal and Industrial 

Institute. No. 2 529 

Tuskegee, Ala., Normal and Industrial 

Institute. No. 3 607 

Two-Sided Question, . ,*. , 639 

Uncle Jerry's Conversion 404 

Unique Children's Home, 605 

Value of House-to-House Work 224 

Value of Japan to Christianity, The, . . 72 

Vaniman, Elder Daniel, 319 

Visit to the Tuskegee Normal and In- 
Vital to Church Growth, 590 

dustrial Institute, 391 

Volunteer Class, A 354 

Waterloo Building, The 612 

Weakening Element in City Missions, 

A 191 

What about the City Prayer Meeting? . .219 
What a " Live-Wire " Sunday School 

Class is Doing for Brooklyn, 668 

What Next? 12 

What of the Next Five Years? 4 

What Our Brotherhood Needs in Brook- 
lyn 646 

What Phase of Our Mission Work 
Should Have Our Main Attention Dur- 
ing the Next Five Years? 5 

Why Help to Build a Church Home in 

Brooklyn ? 651 

Why is Christianity better than Hindu- 
ism? 351 

Where is Your Boy? 671 

Zulus of South Africa, 542 


Annual Meeting of the District of In- 
dia, 160 

Annual Meeting Collections 413 

Annual Meeting Sunday School Commit- 
tee, The, 618 

Annual Meeting Surpluses, 356 

Anti-Missionary Church, An 32 

Appreciation, An, 615 

Bound Volumes, 731 

Bristol's Hospitality, 480 

Campaign Begun, The, 479 

Chicago Mission, The, 230 

Children of the Steerage, 413 

Clean Money, 284 

Commendable Memorial, A 31 

Comparative Table of Mission Receipts, 156 

Conscience Money 544 

Courage, Brother, 478 

Cry near by, The, 30 

Denying Self for the Sake of the $100,- 

000 544 

Distribution 616 

Eastern Pennsylvania 674 

Error in Annual Report, 546 

Experience of the Christian Missionary 

Society, . 32 

Famine in India Averted, 674 

Favorable to $100,000.00 479 

Feed the Lambs 92 

Field Secretary, A, 672 

Giving Insurance Money to Missions, ..731 
Good Illustration of the Use of Endow- 
ment, A • 93 

How Much of My Dollar Goes to India? 160 


Illustrations 230 

India Number, The 730 

Industrial Work in India 158 

Is There a Lack of Faith? 355 

Is the Spirit Coming? 159 

Jesperson, Agnes 673 

June Number, The 286 

Lady Lely of England 673 

Latest from India, 675 

Live-Wire Congregations 30 

Loving Offer, A 230 

Manual on Teachers' Training 617 

Mediator between Church and Working- 
man 230 

Miller, W. R., a Missionary in India, . . .285 

Ministerial Bureau, The, . . 731 

Misrule in Congo, 285 

Mission Study Classes 730 

Missionary Hen, A 545 

Missionary Meeting at Bristol, The, ...411 

Missionary Messages 31 

Missions a Good Cure 156 

Missions to Lepers in India and the 

East, 93 

Moore, James M. and Wife to Wiscon- 
sin, 412 

Mother in Israel at Rest, A, 411 

Not Self-Denial but Love for the Cause, 480 

Our First Picture 157 

Our Illustrations 616 

Our Name 673 

Personal Sacrifice, 616 

Prayer and Missions 32 

Progress in Chicago 617 

Reports from the State Secretaries, ..617 

Return to India 546 

Revival in Wales, Great Britain, A 92 

Royal Asiatic Society, 285 

Self-Propagating Power of Christianity, 

The, 546 

South Africa, 286 

Stewardship 412 

Support of Native Workers in India, 

The, 732 

That $100,000, 356 

That $100,000 Again 672 

United in Marriage 231 

United in Prayer, 617 

Unwritten Missionary Biographies, ....284 

Visitor and Our Ministers, The 479 

Volume Closed, The, 730 

What Hath God Wrought? 157 

Where are the Two-thirds? 478 

Why the Visitor is Interested in the 
Minister Question, 356 

The little Missionary. 

About India, 4L6 

Alexander and the African Chief, 741 

" Betsy Lee," 169 

Bible, The 45 

Big Collection in Ourtown, The 498 

Boomerangs, 558 

Child Martyr, The 687 

Cow of India, The, 426 

Dervish Procession, The 296 

Dying Street Arab, The 102 

Easter Poems . 236, 237 

Eby, John Cornelius, 170 

Englishman's Prayer for India, The, . . 45 

Feast of Lanterns, The, 562 

Giving and Growing 170 

He Had Lost His Father 498 

His Call to Service 688 

How a Japanese Boy Begins a Day 106 

How Lapland Babies Attend Church, . . 45 

How May I Know? 168 

How the Babies Are Carried, 688 

How Winter is Spent in Labrador 104 

India's Morning, 102 

Isles Shall Wait for His Coming, The, 168 

Jesus Makes My Heart Rejoice, 168 

Joseph's Life 497 

Korean Babies, 297 

Lawrence, the Home Missionary, 171 

Letter from India, A, 367 

Little Fresh-Air Children, 624 

Little Joe's Thank-Offering, 238 

Missionary and Quotations, 366 

Missionary Messages, 31 

Missions and Minding 168 

Mission for the Babies' Sake, A, 559 

Novel Ways of Riding and Carrying in 

West China, 740 

Our Missionary Children, 495 

Pilgrim's Song, The, 103 

Poems 294, 364, 425, 492, 557, 623, 685 

738, 739. 

Prayer for All Lands 168 

Schools 561 

Sing a Song of Pennies, 45 

Snake Charmers 366 

Some Queer Chinese Ideas about 
To the Poor Little Folks in India, ....106 

Under the Snow 170 

What a Four-Year-Old Can Do 170 

What Use are You? 44 

Prom the Field. 

Berkebile, Nora, 373 

Berkebile, S. P., 113 

Berkebile, S. P., on His Way to India, . . 51 

Berkebile, Steven, of India, 435 

Blough, Jennie, of Mt. Morris, 111., ....430 
Bonewitz, John, of Weston, Oregon, ...427 

Botetourt Normal College, 302 

Bridgewater College, 49 

Bridgewater College 174 

Brooklyn Notes 49 

Brother in Virginia, A, 172 

Canton Bible Institute, 48 

Canton Bible Institute ........241 

Cassel, Abraham, of Harleysville, Pa., ..370 
Coler, Frank, '. . ::: . .'. . v. : ... ..-':.... . . :302 

Conner, W. K, of Bridgewater College, 110 
Conner, W. K., of Bridgewater College, 115 

Conner, Wm. K. 302 

Cripe, Sylvia L.. of Canton, Ohio 429 


Crumpacker, F. H., of McPherson Col- 
lege, 689 

Crumrine, M., of Texas, 689 

Dhang Durbar, The 500 

Ebey, Brother, of Dahanu, on Jungle, 

Work 178 

Ebey, Adam, of Dahanu, India, 433 

Eby, D. B., of Washington, 48 

Eby, E. H., of Jalalpor, India, 502 

Eby, E. H., of India, 753 

Eby, Emma Horner, of Jalalpor, India, 752 

Eby, L. H., of Indiana, 48 

Emmert, Gertrude E., of Bulsar, India, 372 

Emmert, Jesse, of Bulsar, India, 433 

Emmert, Jesse B., of Bulsar, India 753 

Eshelman, Earl E., of Juniata College, 689 
Percken, G. J., of Montreal, Prance, . . . .430 

Fisher, Francis M 240 

Fitz, Clara E., of Mt. Morris College, 

111 ...747 

Foster, O. D., North Manchester, Ind., 370 

From Fruitdale, Ala., J. Z. Jordan 172 

Gray, E. D., of Limestone, Tenn 563 

Graybill, Christian, of Ohio, 48 

Heckman, John, Polo, 111., 107 

Hodgden, Dorsey, '. 301 

Hostetler, Cora E., of Canton, Ohio, . . . .747 

Hylton, D. P., of Daleville Normal, 746 

Indianapolis, Ind., Mission, 300 

Juniata College, . . '. 174 

Juniata College, 240 

Kuns, Sarah, of Lordsburg, Cal 503 

Lichty, Eva. S., of Waterloo, Iowa, 563 

Lichty, Nora Arnold, of Anklesvar, In- 
dia 112 

Lichty, Nora A., of India 243 

Lichty, Nora A., of India 308 

Long, Isaac, of Jalalpor, Interesting Ex- 
periences, 179 

Long, Isaac, of Jalalpor, India, 565 

Long, Isaac S., of India, 

Long, Mrs. Effle, of Jalalpor, India, ...432 
Macdonald, Esther A., North Yakima, 

Washington, 107 

Manchester College 175 

Manchester College, 241 

Marriage in India, 468 

McCann, S. N., India, 692 

McPherson College 240 

McVey, Nellie, of Lordsburg, Cal., 427 

Miller, D. L., of Bulsar, India, on Idol 

Worship, 177 

Miller, Eliza B., of India, , . . 54 

Miller, Eliza B., of Bulsar, India 566 

Miller, Sadie J., of India, 693 

Miller, Sadie J., of India, 245 

Miller, Sadie J., of Umalla, India, 371 

Miller, Sadie J., of Umalla, in Rajpipla 

State, India 567 

Miller, W. R., India 307 

Morris, J. H., of North Manchester, Ind., 428 

Morris, J. H., of Manchester College, ..630 
Morris, J. H., of Manchester College, ..749 

Mt. Morris College, 242 

Mt. Morris College 303 

Mt. Morris College Mission Band, 305 

Nucleus Fund 173 

Open Door for the Brethren, An 504 

Pittenger, Florence Baker, of Dahanu, 

India, 631 

Pittenger, Florence B., of India 244 

Pittenger, J. M., of Dahanu, India 631 

Pittenger, J. M., of Dahanu, India 695 

Quinter, Mary N., of India 246 

Quinter, Mary N, of India, 308 

Rescued from the Zenanas. Tortured in 

the Streets of Madras 568 

Ross, A. W., of India, 245 

Ross, A. W., of Vyara, India, 751 

Rowland, Gertrude, at Messina 52 

Royer, J. G., of Illinois, 48 

Seed Thoughts, 437 

Stover, W. B., of Ava, India 114 

Swihart, Brother and Sister, of Churu- 

busco, Ind 746 

Taylor, Lydia, 301 

Vaniman, A. W., of Sweden, on Growth, 176 

Vaniman, A. W., of Sweden, 306 

Vaniman, A. W., of Sweden, . 50 

Vaniman, A. W., of Malmo, Sweden, ..431 

Vaniman, A. W., of Sweden, 564 

Wieand, A. C, of Bethany Bible School, 748 
William and Anna Fiants' Children, or 

Custer, Okla 370 

Will, I. N. S., of Elizabethtown, Pa., ..503 

Yates, Leona, Dorchester, Nebr., 370 

Yates, Leonora, of Dorchester, Nebr., ..370 
Yates, Leonora, of Dorchester, Nebr., ..746 
Young Hopefuls in Liberia, 58 


Acknowledgments for the Month of 

November, 1904 60 

December, 1904 .' 116 

January, 1905, 182 

February, 1905, 248 

March, 1905, 312 

April, 1905 376 

May, 1905, 312 

June, 1905, 505 

July, 1905, 569 

August, 1905 634 

September, 1905, 697 

October, 1905, 755 

Sentiment, Progress, Reform. 

34, 95, 163, 232, 288, 362, 414, 487, 547, 
676, 733. 


33, 94, 286, 480 

676, 73. 


FOR 1905 

What is the Meaning of THE CHRISTIAN LIFE ? 

\ Is it Success, or Vulgar Wealth, or Name? 

X Is it a Weary Struggle, a Mean Strife, 

For Rank, Low Gains, Ambition, or for Fame? 
What sow we for? THE WORLD ? For fleeting Time f 
Or far-off Harvests, richer, MORE SUBLIME. 





SM' f 











, ■ 

: l|ftf 


r \ x \ 


, ;; 

Some Ripening Grain in India's Harvest Field. — See Eliza B. Miller's article on page 13. 

The Missionary Visitor. 

Vol. VI!. 

JANUARY, 1905. 

No. i 

Many Promising Fields Nearby. 

Bv the Editor. 

Though the church has made marvel- 
ous progress in following up the advance 
columns of emigration into the vast un- 
occupied parts of the United States, yet 
she has not been able to keep up with 
the real needs of these frontier settle- 
ments. There are hundreds, yea, thou- 
sands of localities out of the range of 
any Christian influence that would wel- 
come a proper religious effort in their 

Concerning these places, too, it may be 
truthfully said that of all opportunities 
for establishing the work of Christ such 
frontier settlements promise results most 
encouraging. Understand, they are not 
more in need of help than many other 
places, for example the cities of the land, 
but the assurance of immediate returns 
and a bountiful harvest is the most prom- 

Add to this the fact that the whole 
country depends largely upon the rural 
districts and the villages for its moral 
a> well as material strength, that the 
strong men of our cities come from the 
country, that the leader.-, of thought and 
reform were reared, for the most part, 
in the country, and the fields under con- 
sideration in this article certainly de- 
mand the wisest, closest and best atten- 
tion of the church. 

Note the following reasons for the 
promised success and judge for yourself: 

1. In frontier settlements the people 
are of all denominations and of none. 
No "lie is strong enough, as a rule, to 

assert himself. It is the usual case that 
there is no leader in religious work in 
the community, hence no services of any 

2. This condition is most favorable for 
starting a "union" Sunday school. The 
dormant spirit of worship will quickly 
respond to such a move, for " back home 
we used to go to Sunday school every 
Sunday." Such a step will simply be the 
forerunner of a church in a short time. 

3. Here, then, is a splendid opening 
for those brethren and sisters full of 
faith, yet not called to any special field 
of service in the church. Here is an op- 
portunity for the lay member that will 
give him strength for future service. 
Such could go to Oklahoma, Kansas, Ne- 
braska, Washington, and other States, 
seek out neighborhoods adjacent to con- 
gregations of the Brethren, and organize 
Sunday schools. Officer each school 
from the " timber on the ground " and 
stay by it a few weeks to see that it is 
properly started and then do the same 
with another locality not too far away. 

4. In this way start from four to six 
schools. Then spend time visiting the 
families, reading the Word, having 
prayer and gathering more children into 
each school. Supply the schools as far 
as practicable with Brethren's literature. 
Work hard to make each of the schools 
a success. At the proper time arrange 
for the district evangelists to visit one of 
the schools, preach after the Sunday 
school, and without any other announce- 
ment, begin a series of meetings. 


[January, 1905 

While this method has not been tested 
in the Brethren church the writer be- 
lieves that such an effort would result 
in at least half the schools bringing forth 
enough members to be organized into 
as many congregations at the close of 
the series of meetings. Let the minister 
set the body to work at once. Visit 
them occasionally to strengthen and di- 
rect them. Eternity alone would reveal 
the real result of such an effort. 

Of course the first year's labors of the 
missionary would be attended with much 
toil and deprivations, for the brother or 
sister entering upon such a work should 
not go with the sole purpose of " get- 
ting a living " out of the communities 
where he labors. 

This may not be so pleasant to the 
flesh but then no real Christian life and 
service is. On the other hand there is a 
certain amount of filling up in each one 

of us who profess to follow the Lord, 
of that which is lacking in Christ, for 
the sake of the church. (Consider 
prayerfully Col. 1:24.) To the extent 
that such workers " fill up " in them- 
selves, their schools would prosper, 
churches would spring up, Paul would be 
followed as he followed Christ, and 
God's name would be glorified in 
" heathen " localities. 

The " Visitor " would be glad to see 
some of the many whose hearts burn for 
souls undertake this plan of work in 
communities where there are few or no 
churches. Don't try it where there are 
other denominations already occupying. 
That is proselyting. While the church 
should seek to lead ALL men to the 
truth, this article is intended for the 
parts untouched by the Gospel. These 
are by far the most promising, and they 
are plentiful in the United States. 

What of the Next Five Years? 

By E. M. Cobb. 

A pendulum which turns a wheel 
which keeps time, must reach one ex- 
treme and then another in order to 
sustain required momentum. In the last 
seven years the Brethren church has 
made a wonderful stride in the direc- 
tion of foreign missions, and has unques- 
tionably accomplished marvelous results. 
It has been done through special conse- 
cration and spiritual endeavor. A great 
work has been begun; let it not cease; 
let us not slacken in support, but let the 
impetus gained be self-sustaining and let 
the pendulum swing to the other extreme 
and save our nation from peril. 

With the congested population in. our 
overgrown cities, with the neglected col- 
ored populace of the South, with the 
unoccupied territory lying between fields 
already occupied, a picture might be 
painted which would be startling in its 

aspects. Without relinquishing our 
claim or hold in the foreign field shall 
we not concentrate our forces and create 
within us a concern and desire to Chris- 
tianize our homeland, for the following 

First. Many good Brethren, who do 
not favor foreign mission work have ex- 
pressed themselves as being willing to 
work at home. 

Second. It would enlarge our work- 
ing force, which, in future years, would 
enable us to more speedily occupy the 
foreign field. 

Third. The home field can be reached 
with less expense, which means not 
smaller donations, but more work ac- 

Fourth. Advantage of proximity in 
the way of assistance, representation and 
protection^ • 

Fifth. Except for the efforts of the 
righteous our nation will speedily de- 

Elgin, 111. 




What Phase of Our Mission Work Should Have Our Main 
Attention During the Next Five Years? 

By John W. Wayland. 

From my standpoint, as I see the 
question, I should say that during the 
next five years our General Missionary 
and Tract Committee could do no bet- 
ter than to direct their main energies 
to building up and reestablishing our 
sparse and isolated congregations in the 
United States. 

To illustrate what I mean: I know of 
several places — I am told there are many 
such — where we have a few members 
living in the same neighborhood yet iso- 
lated from strong congregations. At 
some places there are even church- 
houses owned by the Brethren. This 
last fact speaks of better days past. 
But some of those who helped build the 
house have died; others have moved 
away; and so it comes to pass that few 
are left, and these few — sheep without a 
shepherd — with their house, are left of- 
ten desolate. 

What shall be done? Or shall noth- 
ing be done? Nothing and time will set- 
tle the case. I can think of nothing bet- 
ter than a systematic and determined 
effort to reoccupy, reclaim, and. reestab- 
lish these fields, where so much of a be- 

ginning already exists. Let ministers — 
capable and godly ministers of the Word 
— be located in these starving churches; 
let measures be taken for the support of 
these men conjointly by the mission 
boards (General and District) and the 
few members themselves in the localities 
served, and let these ministers work as 
zealously and devote as much time to 
the work as if they were in India or 

Many of these starving churches could 
be reached through district and congre- 
gational organizations; but some, per- 
haps, would have to be taken in charge 
almost wholly by the General Board. 

Next to the work above mentioned, I 
should recommend permanently-estab- 
lished work in our American cities, — mis- 
sion churches, hospitals, and orphanages. 

I would not be misunderstood as un- 
derestimating the importance of our glo- 
rious foreign work, but I am speaking 
of immediate and pressing needs, and I 
have tried to answer the question so as 
to secure, in the end, the most stable 
and effective basis for foreign work. 

University of Virginia, Nov. 20. 

A Student's View for 1905. 

By D. W. Kurtz. 

From the standpoint of a student and 
a volunteer, with some experience in go- 
ing out into the churches to hold mission 
meetings, one of the first and funda- 
mental needs for any mission work is 
education. The church must come to a 
realization of her power and ability with 
the corresponding duties and responsi- 

In every case where missions are 
preached, or talked, where mission study 
classes exist, there is not only a healthy 
interest in missions, but an active, ag- 
gressive, forward movement to do some 
definite mission work. The church must 
know that she has from 150,000 to 200,000 
members, the purest blood, the healthi- 
est, well-to-do middle class from whom, 


in all ages, came the leaders as well as 
the rank and file of all great forward 
movements. The church has very few 
paupers and her wealth per capita ex- 
ceeds that of any other church in Ameri- 
ca. She has ten good colleges ready to 
train this vigorous young manhood for 
the service of the church and humanity. 
God has preserved her and entrusted her 
with this marvelous power, in men and 
means, for a great purpose — to go forth 
in His name to conquer the world for 

The church must know the following 
fundamental principles: (1) There is no 
service save in sacrifice. (2) All good 
things come from Love, — God is love — 
all evil from self. (3) Sacrifice is the 
measure of love. We only love God to 
the extent that we are willing to sacri- 
fice for him. 

The Brethren are the most cheerful 
givers in the world for any cause that 
they understand as a Christian obliga- 
tion. I am not worried about funds. 
All we need to do is to go after them. 
But it is a problem of education. 

Therefore, for the year 1905, the 
church should: (1) Get a vision of her 

possibilities; (2) lay plans for bigger 
things; (3) organize an efficient mis- 
sionary campaign to meet these needs; 
(4) raise up young men and women, send 
them to college and prepare them for 
the service of the church in whatever 
department they are needed; (5) appoint 
an efficient secretary or secretaries who 
will visit all our colleges and help form 
efficient and uniform mission study class- 
es and Volunteer Bands; (6) assist the 
Intercollegiate Association of the Volun- 
teer Bands of our colleges to do its 
work in visiting the churches and hold- 
ing mission meetings therein; (7) train 
students and induce them to spend their 
summer vacation in visiting the churches 
and starting them upon missionary lines; 
(8) in a word, plan for a great educa- 
tional movement to meet the pressing 
needs of the church, viz: — more volun- 
teers, funds to educate and train volun- 
teers for the field, more young men and 
women to devote their lives to home 
missions and city work, meetinghouses 
in the cities and mission points, etc. To 
take up the burdens of a man and go 
forth to evangelize the world. 

Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pa. 

A Glimpse Into the Past and Future. 

By W. I. T. Hoover. 

The Brethren church always has been 
a distinctively doctrinal church. It has 
searched the Bible for its plain, practical, 
fundamental teachings. When these 
were found it was decided to live them, 
and, in the process of going on " unto 
perfection," if perchance any other doc- 
trines should be found, these too, "were 
to be incorporated into the church polity. 
This doctrinal feature is as prominent 
to-day as ever, and relatively more 
prominent in comparison to present day 
religious thought and activity. We are 

more nearly a unit on Bible doctrines 
than any other Christian church of equal 
or greater prominence save, perhaps, the 
Roman Catholic. 

The last two great Bible teachings we 
have come into possession of are those 
regarding missions and education. It is 
not meant that we have just discovered 
these teachings, for the first decades of 
the church witnessed great activity along 
these lines, but, owing to conditions fa- 
miliar to many, we neglected to con- 
tinue to develop these Christian doc- 

January, 1905 


trines. During the last two decades the 
church's environment — industrial, social, 
political, educational and religious — has 
served to bring us back to the position 
of the founders of the church. These 
two great Bible teachings, — education 
and missions — cannot be divorced, for a 
religious revival has always been, and 
must necessarily be, preceded by an edu- 
cational revival. The two mutually sup- 
plement each other. 

It seems to the writer that the prog- 
ress the church has made in the last dec- 
ade is indicative of a rapid continuance 
along the same lines. The distinctive 
feature of development will undoubtedly 
be along the line of foreign missions, — 
a reaching out into other continents and 
nations. Our distinctively doctrinal 
feature marks us from among all other 
Christian organizations, and will appeal 

to the heathen. Great numbers will ac- 
cept the plain, simple teachings of God's 

This great enlargement along foreign 
missions will have a most salutary and 
reactionary effect upon the church in the 
United States of America. Missionary 
sentiment will not only become more 
general, but a far keener missionary con- 
science will, no doubt, result. The sub- 
ject of missions will be frequently 
preached about, and. more generally con- 
sidered in the Sunday school, Christian 
Workers' meetings, prayer meetings, 
conventions, etc. This will in itself 
bring about a greatly increased contribu- 
tion for the work, and a consecration of 
many scores of educated young people 
willing to go into the dark corners of 
the earth in order to teach the people 
how to live. 

North Manchester, Ind. 

A Review and a Preview. 

By W. M. Howe. 

We have always been a missionary 
people, but not always in the splendid 
broad sense pointed out by our Lord in 
the Great Commission (Matt. 28: 19, 20). 

There always have been individuals 
who have felt the pulse of the " Go ye " 
in their bosoms but the body of the 
church has not always been enthusiastic 
in its efforts to " teach all nations," 

Better times are here and still better 
times are yet to come. Twenty-one 
years ago we had no missionary board, 
no missionary fund and no foreign mis- 
sionary. The missionary spirit was pent 
up. It broke out and it broke the old 
record. Indifferent hearts became atten- 
tive. Hard hearts melted and stony 
hearts were broken and yet no one was 
hurt. On the contrary many thousands 
of hearts in heathen lands have been 
touched by a knowledge of God's love 

and many hundreds, that groped in dark- 
ness, have been saved. 

We now have an active missionary 
board. We have a growing missionary 
fund. We have many consecrated mis- 
sionaries in several foreign countries and 
heathen lands and we have a sentiment 
in favor of missions that does not and 
will not stop growing. 

Many are looking upon the active con- 
secrated element in' the good missionary 
cause and, judging from the past, we 
may expect many more to see the works 
of God in them that aim to carry out the 
great commission, and, of course, they, 
too, will be led to thus glorify their 
Father which is in heaven. 

What are the possibilities for the fu- 
ture? We may hope and pray for them. 
This will bring them into the range of 
probabilities and, indeed, into the range 
of realities. 



[January, 1905 

What some have done with no com- 
plaining but with great joy, others may 
and will yet do. None have done too 
much. Why should not thousands of 
others be enthused to do as much in- 
side the next five- years? 

When they do, we will have in the 
field an average of one missionary, at 
least, from, every congregation in the 
Brotherhood. All the families of men, 
of whatever caste or color, might hear 
the Gospel from the Brethren. A noble 
band of missionaries might be located 
in every country the world around, so 
that it might, with good reason, be said 
that the sun never sets on the mission 
stations of the Brethren. 

We have the money to do all this. 
It will be better when this no longer 
rusts or when it does not go for that 
which is not bread. 

In a congregation of but sixty mem- 
bers, let twenty of them receive but one 
dollar income each per day, while an- 
other twenty receive but fifty, ( cents each 
per day and the third twenty have no 
income whatever. These Christians 

would then have $9,000 at their disposal 
each year, even if they have in it but 
300 working days. Let them tithe their 
income, as many now are doing, and 
some indeed are not content with this. 
Some call it giving only when they hand 
over to God a portion of their own 
nine-tenths in addition to the tithes 
which "is the Lord's." 

This small church would then have in 
its treasury each year no less than $900 
for God's good cause. Here is an 
abundance with which to support a for- 
eign missionary and an orphan in the 
bargain. As much could be given to- 
wards the support of the faithful home 
minister — and this would be mission 
work as truly. After all this there would 
still be literally hundreds of dollars in 
the well-kept treasury for the poor at 
home and for all other necessary ex- 

The time will never come when every 
individual will be ready to do his full 
part, but those whom, the Lord may 
make willing can do more than we have 

1803 Adams Ave., Tyrone, Pa. 

One Thing the Brotherhood Ought to Do, 

By D. Owen Cottrell. 

In one of the last year's " Missionary 
Visitors " the statement was made that 
nearly or quite all of the missionaries 
giving their full time to the work had 
been in at least one of our schools. 
Then those in the church who are in- 
terested in missions ought to exert an 
influence toward getting promising ma- 
terial where it will be fitted for service. 

What others may do we do not know. 
As for this locality we are getting an in- 
terest aroused that promises much in 
time to come as a moulding influence by 
pushing the claims of the Missionary 

Reading Circle. More than one has 
been led to see the call through the 
reading and work of this organization. 
Here, then, is a second thing that may 
be done, the factors that build up the 
mission spirit may be fostered. This is 
all the more important since, hard as it 
is to get people to let loose of their mon- 
ey, funds are more abundant at times 
than qualified workers. 

On the question of giving, I am more 
and more impressed that our people have 
much yet to learn. But we are moving, 
and once moving we are hard to stop. 

Union Bridge, Md. 

January, 1905] 


Mission Work a Serious Business. 

By Edward Frantz. 

At the close of the Galilean ministry 
Jesus had the twelve pretty well attached 
to Himself in loving loyalty and trust, 
but they had small conception of the 
real nature of the cause they had em- 
braced. So Jesus took them up north, 
away from the people, to give them 
some lessons on this subject. 

At the end of twenty years we now be- 
lieve in missions, but we do not know 
exactly what the work is we have un- 
dertaken. A few of us think we are 
only trying to clear ourselves, not ex- 
pecting to accomplish much. More of 
us have larger expectations, but think 
the task is short and easy. We need to 
be taught that, while final success is cer- 
tain, mission work is a serious business; 

that the task is long and hard; that we 
must prepare to stay by it indefinitely; 
that we must build up permanent and 
well-equipped mission stations; that the 
chief work of our missionaries must be 
to plan and plant and organize and 
train; that the building and harvesting 
must come later and, in the main, 
through native hands; in short, that mis- 
sion work is but the beginning of a 
mighty movement which can come to 
full fruition only in the long, long years 
to come. 

We have been staying around the Sea 
of Galilee. Well and good, but it is 
time to move on up to Caesarea Philippi. 
After that, Mount Hermon. 

McPherson, Kans. 

Missionary Endeavor of Promise. 

By A. W. Ross. 

1. Establishment of true Christian 
homes, homes where the Bible is a 
" lamp to the feet and a light to the 
path." Homes where there is constant 
communion with God and the spirit of 
love and kindness rules. Homes where 
the children are consecrated to God's 
service and not made into tools for the 
devil's workshop. Homes where the 
cares, riches and bestowal of earthly 
heritage are secondary to the spiritual 
welfare of the family and the world. 

2. Establishment of firm convictions 
on the relation of Christ to our life, 
and a deeper understanding of the will 
of God. That Christian service is not 

only a means of Christian growth, but 
a necessary condition of life. That there 
is a vital relation between the salvation 
of our own souls and those of others. 
That the children of the kingdom are 
to be seed planted in the world field to 
die that there may be a harvest of Chris- 
tian believers. Matt. 13: 38. That the 
propagation of the Gospel is not a side 
issue of the church, to be supported on- 
ly when we have time, out of debt, or 
when we have a special call from God, 
but that it is as vital and necessary as 
any other department of church work. 

3. Special care for the converts and 
weaklings of the flock, " teaching them 



[January, 1905 

to observe all things whatsoever com- 
manded." They are yet a bundle of pos- 
sibilities for the Lord. Some of them 
may not have as bright intellects as oth- 
ers and so are neglected, but " God hath 
chosen the foolish" things of this world 
to confound the wise." 

4. Most careful attention to the work 
of the Sunday school. Next to the 
church itself this is the grandest of all 
institutions, — an institution in which the 
opportunities for doing good are so great 
that no superintendent or officer should 
be late or absent himself without cause; 
and no man should ever allow himself to 
come before his class as a teacher of 

the Word of God and be made to con- 
fess that he has not studied his lesson. 
An institution in which the influences 
for the higher life are so great that no 
parent should ever allow the cares and 
riches of this world to keep his children 
or himself away from it. 

5. The establishment of a centralized 
Bible training school, more attention to 
medical and industrial work as a means 
of reaching the people, and more money, 
time and thought in our church liter- 
ature and a wider circulation of the 

Bay of Naples, Nov. 16. 

Expect and Attempt Great [[Things for God. 

By J. M. Pittenger. 

A man loves the tangible in order to 
be assured of the existence of a thing, 
whether it be real or probable. Facts, 
though ofttimes dry, are always con- 
vincing. Men love them despite their 

To be assured of the success of a work 
or movement within a definite period of 
time we need be assured of some facts in 
regard to it. They are: 

1. Divine approval of it and assurance 
for its success. 

2. Human sentiment for it and promise 
of growth of this sentiment. 

3. Means at hand or in sight for its 

4. Organization of effort to this end. 

5. Successful trials of the work at va- 
rious places. 

That all these facts stand out as great 
beacon lights before our church, what 
may we hope to see accomplished in her 
mission work in the next five years? 

Let us hope and pray for these things, 
for God is not slack but very definite 
and true in His oromises: • 

1. The establishment of mission work 
in two other foreign fields. 

2. More determined and concentrated 
mission work in each State district. 
This will center at the center or centers 
of commercial activity in the district. 

3. The unification of work for missions 
among our colleges. This will furnish 
the needed workers, be that number few 
or many. This is sure to come. (Here 
I would like to enlarge my thought.) 

4. More definite efforts in the evange- 
listic field. 

5. Vastly increased knowledge of 
needs and conditions of the " benighted 
people " of the earth among all classes, 
old and young. 

6. Trebling the membership of the 
church in India. 

7. Establishment of a school, centrally 
located, for a fuller training of workers. 

It is my hope, prayer and assurance 
that all this and more can and will be 

Mediterranean Sea, Nov. 14, 1904. 


Promise of Results in the Long Run. 


By J. W. Myer. 

This question calls for the explana- 
tion of a solution out of which will come 
the greatest results. Results will dif- 
fer as days, months and years roll by, 
and only the Infinite can give a proper 
solution. At the end of " the long 
run " our great Teacher will have the so- 
lution of all our endeavors figured out 
and they will unfold to us in a way as 
they have not yet. The church is re- 
sponsible for results in missionary at- 
tempt. She can have them largely in- 
creased through Christ, or may have re- 
sults very low and shameful through her 
own strength. 

In our short life the mission work in 
the Brotherhood has grown in favor 
with God and man. By His grace in the 
past twenty years we mark the follow- 
ing large results: 

1. A general sentiment in favor of 

2. An endowment practically half a 

3. Mission receipts, the last year, of 
nearly $60,000. 

4. Mission stations in Denmark, Swed- 
en, Switzerland, France, India and places 
in the United States. 

5. Every State district properly or- 
ganized for district work. 

The Christ life of thirty-three years, 
with but three and one-half years in pub- 
lic service, brought incalculable results. 
His life in the' work and for the work 
brought these results. Before Him there 

was little sentiment. His life created a 
world-wide sentiment, no endowment 
fund. His life was an inexhaustible es- 
tate. No money to move the work, but 
needs for the work were supplied to 
Himself and His helpers. Their manner 
of living justified a support and money 
abundantly was cast at the disciples' 
feet. The first mission station was in 
little Bethlehem. His life moved out to 
the lost ones world-wide. No organ- 
ized mission boards, but His burning life, 
for the salvation of the world, moved 
Him to choose men and consecrate them 
for the work, and organized the first mis- 
sion board. 

In the life of Christ is the fulness of 
effectual missionary endeavor. In con- 
secrated lives on the part of those who 
are called to the work is the promise of 
largest results in the long run. 

One holy, self-sacrificing life will pro- 
voke a congregation, a district, a brother- 
hood to missionary sentiment, to giving 
prayers, money and lives to the unoc- 
cupied fields. 

I can contribute nothing more to the 
growth of mission work than the burn- 
ing, willing, Spirit-filled lives of individ- 
uals on the mission boards, in the for- 
eign fields, and at home. May the God 
and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
whose work we are in, send forth more 
of the Christ-life men and women into 
His vineyard! 

343 N. Charlotte St., Lancaster, Pa. 

The Future for Missions. 

By Chas. D. Bonsack. 

We may expect much for missions in Bible is being studied much; and more 
the future for our church. We must all than ever from a standpoint of what we 
see that we are living in a day when the may get out of it rather than what we 



[January, 1905 

can put into it. Our church is quietly, 
yet surely, digging along these lines in 
Bible study. The result of all this will 
be a truer grasp of Bible truth, greater 
faith in the Gift of God, and a yearning 
to tell the world of Him. 

The careful discipline of our church 
will lead to greater consecration of 
strong men and women, under the in- 
fluence of self-denying principles, for the 
Lord's work; who will gladly "hazard 
their lives " for the Gospel's sake. 

There will be better organization and 
better systems of giving. This will mean 
more money in the Lord's treasury, and 
surely we may expect and pray for a 
greater consecration of brains, hands and 
feet, bone and muscle, and this will 

come with the better organization of our 
congregations and State mission boards. 

Finally, with the habits of industry, 
the moral worth, the practical and well- 
trained missionaries, who love God and 
men; who. are loyal to the church for 
Christ's sake, we can expect the best 
of work done on the field, and need ex- 
pect no milk and water results, though 
the work be slow and difficult. 

May Thy kingdom come! We pray 
Thee, O Lord, make of us wise men with 
clean hands and tender hearts, fully con- 
secrated with all our powers; send us 
forth until the kingdom of the world 
shall be the kingdom of the Lord! For 
Jesus' sake! 

Westminster, Md. 

What Next? 

By E. H. Eby. 

In view of all the progress since the 
beginnings of missionary work in the 
Brotherhood, two decades ago, and with 
present promising conditions before us, 
what line of endeavor should occupy our 
best thought and energy in the immedi- 
ate future? Shall we open more stations 
or train more workers, or work for more 

None of these. We must get beneath 
the surface, down to fundamentals. We 
must influence the life blood of every 
child of God. The disease is in the 
blood. No external remedies can put 
new life into the system. 

We do not need more missionary ser- 
mons designed to arouse the feeling and 
then " take up a collection for missions." 
That gets old. And it is not the right 
principle. What we do need is more 
sennons, more essays, more books, more 

prayer meeting topics of the kind that 
will give us a sense of personal obliga- 
tion to a personal God. More good, 
sound, scriptural teaching on Christian 

Get it fixed in every heart that the 
law of the tithe is as deeply planted in 
the eternal nature of things as is the 
law of the Sabbath. Both existed be- 
fore the law of Moses and both are rec- 
ognized by Christ and Paul. Teach men 
their eternal obligation, their DEBT to 
God, and common honesty will lead to 
the payment of the debt before they talk 
or think of donations and free-will offer- 

Stewardship, STEWARDSHIP, this is 
the truth to be riveted next. We must 
be newly converted to a right view of 
our relation to God. Until this is done 
we shall only play at missions. 

Mid-Ocean, on way to India. 


A Forecast.* 


One of the greatest needs of our be- 
loved Brotherhood to-day is more pray- 
ing. Some one has said: "If we would 
evangelize the world in this generation 
we must advance on our knees." In- 
deed, we all realize we are living in a 
vary fast age, but, brother, let's go to 
our knees more often. 

Just a glance at our past accomplish- 
ments. Within the past few years we 
have established the Lord's work in 
Denmark, Sweden, Switzerland, France, 
India and many places in the United 
States. Besides this work done by the 
General Mission Board,' the State Dis- 
tricts have been carefully organized and 
men have been chosen on the various 
boards, who are whole soul and life in the 
work. Many of the State District Boards 
have planned definite policies to be car- 
ried out. Almost everywhere a feeling 
for more and better work is fostered. 

In the past year the General Mission 
Board has used about $60,000 to carry 
on the work entrusted to them. To con- 
tinue at the present rate of growth, they 
will open at least one new station in a 
foreign land and send to the foreign 
field at least twelve lives in 1905. 

To accomplish this, along with the 

other work already undertaken, they will 
need at least $75,000, besides the lives of 
at least twelve of God's children. 

The District Boards, everywhere, to 
continue to grow, will need from twenty 
to forty per cent more money than was 
used last year. These boards are in 
many places calling for men and women 
who will take up some definite work 
and devote their entire time to it. 

For us to help accomplish the above 
proposed policies for 1905, many of us 
will give more nearly as the Lord has 
prospered us. Will we respond now and 
help the several Boards carry out their 
plans? Or will we lie dormant and al- 
low His cause to go begging? Some will 
be called upon to do even more than 
give money. Some parents will be called 
upon to lay sons or daughters on the 
altar, and this is not the end, but the 
richest gift of all will be found in those 
who give up all — their lives. — Now, dear 
reader, can't we find a place somewhere 
in this list where we can give the most 
acceptably? Come, let us pray for God's 
mission work for 1905. 

♦The Editor regrets name to this article 
was mislaid. 

India Becoming Christed. 

By Eliza B. Miller. 

Far away across the waters 
Lies a land of sunny skies; 
Idols, numberless, are worshipped, 
Sun and sea and earth likewise. 
But the Sun of Light has risen 
With that healing in His wings. 
And each year there is advancement 
Toward the coming of His reign. 

The last command of the Lord Jesus 

was, " Go ye into all the world and 
teach the Gospel to every creature." 
Long ago the followers of the Master 
desiring to carry out His commission, 
desiring that all may come under the 
blessed reign of the King of kings, came 
to India to proclaim the Word of eternal 
life. Their effort has not been fruitless, 



Preparing the ground for sowing. — Malabai, India. 

but now from the Himalayas on the 
north to Ceylon on the south, from the 
Bay of Bengal on the east to the Arabian 
Sea on the west there are scattered here 
and there, sometimes at long distances, 
those who have given up their all to be 
the leaders in turning this nation also 
to the Lord and thus " make it a star 
in Jesus' crown." When I think of the 
consecrated hearts *that daily wrestle in 
prayer with God in behalf of these peo- 
ple, when I think of the daily effort 
with mind and with hand that is being 
put forth that the benighted may be en- 
lightened, when I think of the suffering 
that is being endured that the name of 
Jesus may find a place in the hearts of 
these children, — if for no other reason, — 
then for these does it seem to me that 
India is becoming Christ's. Has He not 
said, " Pray ye therefore the Lord of the 
harvest that he would send forth labor- 
ers into his harvest"? Have we not in 
this received answers to our prayers? 
You have been praying with us that 
more laborers might be sent into the 
great harvest field, not only of India, 
but of the world. Are not your petitions 
being answered day by day? And does 
not the going of every worker, true and 
consecrated, hasten the time when the 

kingdoms of this world shall become the 
kingdoms of His dear Son? And has 
not the Word given us the assurance 
that " in due time ye shall reap if ye 
faint not"? We are the sowers. It is 
our business to sow. The seed is given 
us. The ground is given us. It's good 
seed. There are four kinds of ground 
into which to put this seed — wayside, 
stony, thorny, good. What is our busi- 
ness? SOWING. Is it our part to wa- 
ter and to bring forth results? No, for 
He has said, speaking of the Word, " It 
shall not return unto me void, but it 
shall accomplish that which I please, and 
it shall prosper in the thing whereunto 
I sent it." Beloved, the Lord is going to 
take care of the harvest. It is our part 
to sow this " good seed." May the 
Lord help you to sow aright, may He 
help me to sow aright, may He help 
every Christian to sow aright; for every 
Christian, whoever or wherever he be, is 
a sower. 

Again the Word tells us that " this 
Gospel of the kingdom shall be preached 
to all the world." It will be. There is 
no doubt about it; for the Word of the 
Lord is true and every part of it shall 
be fulfilled. " Heaven and earth shall 
pass away; but my words shall not pass 

January, 1905 



away.*' " The grass withereth, the flow- 
er fadeth; but the word of our God 
shall stand forever." The Christian has 
every reason to hope and to believe that 
his cause is going to triumph. Every 
word of promise is in his favor. There 
is no use to look on the negative side 
of the question. It has no negative. As 
truly as Christ came as the babe of 
Bethlehem, according to the promise and 
to fulfill the Scripture so sure will He 
come again at the appointed time to 
fulfill the words of the prophets and 
most of all to fulfill His own words. 
And that time will not be until this 
Gospel has been preached to all nations. 
Before Christ comes every man, woman 
and child in India will have had the op- 
portunity to know Him. 

Bishop Parker, one of the late pre- 
siding elders of the Methodist church. 
who was for forty-one years a mission- 
ary in India, said, " One of the mot 
hopeful things for the EVANGELIZA- 
ATION is the large number of Christian 
and non-Christian children in the Sun- 

day schools, and in our Christian or- 
phanages and boarding schools. A host 
of children and youth is being trained 
for Christ, — thus preparing native evan- 
gelists and teachers to be led by foreign 
missionaries, and eventually by their own 
countrymen in the grand movement for 
India's evangelization in this genera- 

My dear friends and fellow workers in 
the Lord, while you are discussing the 
question of India becoming or not be- 
coming Christ's, remember that it is on 
the way, remember that the power of the 
Gospel has touched many a darkened 
life and brought it from the chaos in 
which it had been sitting. The heathen 
have seen that the " Word of God is 
quick and powerful;" they have asked, 
" How can these things be? " Some have 
fallen to the ground in penitence, cry- 
ing, "What must I do to be saved?" 
Beloved, " let us not be weary in well 
doing." " We are workers together " in 
the Lord's vineyard. " We have come 
into the well, you are holding the ropes." 
May the Lord help us to dig and may 
He help you to hang on to the ropes. 

Harvesting in India. 



The Philippine Field. 

By Emery Yundt. 

The advantage that is now offered to 
one in the work of missions in these 
islands is perhaps nowhere paralleled. 
It is somewhat striking that we have 
not taken advantage of the opportunity. 
It is a field in which practically every 
one is nominally a Christian, though in 
no manner after the character of the 
Christian we find in more favored coun- 
tries. Indeed they differ radically from 
the Christian of the same denomina- 
tion in the United States, so much so 
that the Americanization of the Catholic 
church in the Philippines is a work now 
being attempted. 

, Why has not the Brethren church en- 
tered this field ere now? A government 
in many respects the same as the one 
with which we are familiar, guaranteeing 
complete separation of church and state, 

promising unhampered religious liberty, 
lifting the entire people from intense ig- 
norance, by the establishment of schools 
in almost every town, and the people 
themselves in no small degree dissatis- 
fied with their . past, is a condition of 
affairs that until recently has never been 
offered us. The ease with which a mis- 
sionary can enter the Educational De- 
partment and serve as a teacher for a 
period of two years, during which time 
he could learn the native dialect, and 
sufficient Spanish to communicate with 
those who do not understand English, 
and at the same time become, in a 
measure, familiar with the people, their 
characteristics, and prejudices, and 
thereby attach a goodly number to him 
before he began his work as a mission- 
ary, makes the call almost imperative. 
Philippine Islands. 

" Paul a Missionary." 

By Susie M. Hout. 

Saul of Tarsus was the son of Hebrew 
parents, born with the privileges of 
Roman -citizenship, a Pharisee of the 
strictest sect, being exceedingly zealous 
of the traditions of the fathers. He was 
taught the Jewish law, at the feet of 
Gamaliel, a prominent teacher of his 
day. His zealousness for this law caused 
him to be one of the greatest persecutors 
of the early Christian church; hence we 
see him leaving no stone unturned, but 
trying in every way to wipe out this 
so-called heresy; to aid him in this work 
he applied to the chief priests for letters 
of authority to go to Damascus, and 
bring all Christians, men and women, 
bound to Jerusalem. 

But God suddenly stopped him in his 
mad career and Jesus told him that it 
is he whom he is persecuting. Then 
there is brought out prominently a noble 
trait of character in Saul's life, for he 
said, " Lord, what will wilt thou have 
me to do? " Saul when convinced of 
wrong was willing to be led in the right. 
He might have begun to quote scripture 
to justify him in his course. He might 
have said, I am doing the bidding of the 
chief priests, the head of the Jewish 
church, but not so; we see him obey- 
ing to the letter the commands of the 
Lord, and the blessings that obedience 
always brings follow. O! that all Chris- 
tian and non-Christian people would 

January, 1905 



learn a lesson from Saul in that one par- 
ticular thing. Many Christian lives 
would prove a success, where they now 
are a failure, simply because they per- 
sist in pursuing some favorite course, 
and try to justify themselves in it when 
God says they are in the wrong. 

God saw in the life of Saul a character, 
who if turned in the right direction, 
would be a power for good in the church 
and world, so He calle*d him into His 
service and as a result we have Saul 
as zealous a Christian as he had been 
a persecuting Jew. 

Saul not only stopped his work of 
persecuting the church but he was told 
to go out and witness for Christ, or ad- 
vance the very kingdom he had been try- 
ing to destroy. So when we enter the 
church, though we may have been its 
bitterest enemies before, we must go to 
work and, if possible, try to redeem the 
time by always witnessing for Christ, 
and advancing His kingdom at all times, 
and under every condition. 

Paul was unconsciously trained for 
missionary work. His boyhood was 
spent in a heathen commercial city; 
hence he became acquainted with all 
forms of idolatry and vice; he mingled 
with all classes, and nationalities of peo- 

His trade enabled him to come in con- 
tact with a certain class of people, and 
gave him an opportunity to teach, which 
he might not have had otherwise; for 
example, his intimacy with Aquila and 
Priscilla, whom he in this way prepared 
to be effectual workers. His rabbinical 
training enabled him to be a Jew among 
the Jews, and thereby gain them. 

Paul also spent a period of prepara- 
tion in Arabia; it was there perhaps he 
was taught more especially of Christ, 
for he says, " I neither received it of 
men, neither have I taught it except by 
the revelation of Jesus Christ." If Paul,' 
the greatest missionary after Christ, was 
so fully prepared for his work, so should 
every missionary to-day prepare himself 

before entering upon the most important 
work in the world — that of saving souls. 

Paul was called by the Spirit, to be set 
apart for missionary work, and after hav- 
ing been given power of the church by 
the laying on of hands, he went out to 
non-Christian peoples, into the very hot- 
bed of idolatry and vice and immorality 
which idolatry is sure to bring. 

Paul had grand underlying motives urg- 
ing him on to greater missionary activ- 
ity. He realized that the Gentile world, 
to which he was especially sent to carry 
the Gospel, was without Christ, being 
aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, 
and strangers from the covenant of 
promise, having no hope, and without 
God in the world. What a sad picture 
to look upon! Do we wonder at the zeal 
of St. Paul to carry them this saving 
Gospel? And yet this same picture is 
presented to us professing Christians. 
In the heathen world to-day there are 
millions who are living and dying with- 
out this saving Gospel. How can we sit 
idly by with so great a field of labor un- 
occupied before us? 

Paul said he was " debtor to the 
Greeks and barbarians, to the wise and 
the unwise." Are we not debtors to the 
heathens to-day. Surely we should be- 
come more and more inspired by the 
zeal of St. Paul, and be more zealous 
in laboring in the great work before us. 

Paul went into new fields of labor; it 
was not his desire to build upon an- 
other man's foundation; he was a sys- 
tematic worker. After having made con- 
verts he organized churches and or- 
dained elders in them. As soon as these 
churches were any ways capable he had 
them help weaker churches and in this 
way inculcated the missionary spirit, and 
made the church all the stronger, for 
the more we give the Gospel unto others 
and the more we strive to help those 
weaker in the faith the stronger we be- 

The church that is interested only in 
those of her own number and is not 
manifesting a desire for the salvation of 



[January, 1905 

others is at a standstill and will soon 
decline and die spiritually. 

Paul prepared workers in these 
churches to go out and be missionaries, 
thereby enlarging the field of missionary 
activity. After having established a 
church he and confirmed the 
faith of the believers. He wrote them 
letters, when necessary, correcting evils 
which had crept into the church, also 
encouraging them to continue steadfast 
in the work, and commending them for 
their progress in the Divine life. As a 
result we have these letters to-day, giv- 
ing the church and world, one of the 
highest standards of ethical teaching 
which, if lived up to, would transform 
this world into a paradise below. 

Paul made use of strategic points; he 
went where he could meet the most peo 
pie, also those of different nationalities, 
that the Gospel might, by that means, 
be spread broadcast throughout the 
world. He met the people on their own 
level and led them up to Christ, so when 
preaching to the Jews at Antioch, he 
began with their Father Abraham, with 
whose history they were well acquaint- 
ed; he then told them of David and of 
Christ, who was the seed of David. Al- 
so in the heathen city, Athens, he be- 
gan to teach by calling attention to their 
altar erected to the unknown God, and 
taught them of Christ by declaring this 
unknown God to be the Christ, the God 
he served. And so we see all through 
Paul's missionary work he used tact and 
good judgment in presenting the Gospel. 

While Paul worked with the common 
people and especially do we know that 
there were slaves in the early church, 
for he gave special instructions to them, 
still he allowed no opportunity pass by 
to declare this Gospel to the rulers and 
governors of the different countries, 
again teaching us the lesson that the 
Gospel is for the rich and those in 
high authority as well as the common 
people of the country. In this way Paul 

was instrumental in reaching those who 
were living in pomp and splendor as well 
as in the depths of immorality and vice. 

Paul adapted himself to all circum- 
stances. He taught privately and pub- 
licly whenever opportunity afforded, in 
the synagogue, by the riverside, in the 
market place, in the Philippian jail, on 
the ships when the storm was raging. 
Even when stoned and left for dead out- 
side the city of Lystra, he did not fear 
to return to the same city, for we are 
told that as his disciples stood around 
him he rose up and went into the city 
and remained until the next day. 

He made his defense before rulers and 
kings. At all times and places he 
preached the Gospel and his text was al- 
ways Christ. His example was worthy 
of imitation, and his life is an inspiring 
ideal for all Christian workers and mis- 
sionaries to-day. His writings give to 
the missionary a solution to most of the 
practical questions in the mission field 
of this age. His success in missionary 
work, is largely due to his entire de- 
pendence on Christ. He was at all times 
led by the Spirit. His prayerful life, and 
personal devotion to Christ brought him 
in close contact with God. 

The Apostle Paul leaves to the Chris- 
tian church of to-day the record of a 
blameless Christian life, which is an in- 
spiration to each individual follower of 
Christ to persist in the right, though 
all the world and hell oppose. And then 
if faithful until the end they will be able 
to say as Paul, " I have fought a good 
fight, I have finished my course, I have 
kept the faith: henceforth there is laid 
up for me a crown of righteousness, 
which the Lord, the righteous judge, 
shall give me at that day: and not to me 
only, but unto all them also that love 
his appearing." 

Truly can it be said of him, his set- 
ting sun has left a track of gold be- 

Union Bridge, Md. 


The Death of Shivli. 


By Wilbur Stover. 

It is evening now and we are all feel- 
ing tired out. The tired feeling is so 
common in India, but this evening we 
are mentally tired. The day has been 
one of weeping. We have laid away one 
of our loved ones, a young wife and 
mother whom the whole church loved. 
The baby is four days old only, poor 
little boy. 

Shivli looked forward to the baby's 

li would be well. Shivli was one of us, 
one of our own orphan girls, one of the 
ideal ones. And they are not very 
many. Baptized four years ago, married 
one year ago, she was womanly, true, 
quiet, thoughtful and good. 

Yesterday in the morning services spe- 
cial prayer was offered for her, and many 
were the hearty responses to the prayer 
all over the congregation. Boys and 

A Characteristic Native Village with its Little Houses, some Built of Grass, 
and some of Mud and Grass. 

coming with much fear. She dreaded 
the probability, and feared the occasion. 
When the child was born she was un- 
conscious all the time, and several times 
had convulsions. When the little fellow 
cried lustily in the next room, the young 
mother lay there with fever, and noticed 
the cry not at all. 

After a couple days she rallied, and ev- 
ery one was hopeful that now soon Shiv- 

girls said amen again and again, mean- 
while the tears creeping out from be- 
tween their closed eyelids. And we be- 
lieve our prayer was heard. 

Last night only she fell asleep. She 
just slept away, and was gone. Burie 
was in the next room, and it was late. 
She was weary and worn with the serv- 
ice and duty of the day, and when night 
came, her work being not yet done, she 



[January, 1905 

Renchord and Burie. 

continued to do all she could for her 
suffering sister. And then she went 
aside and lay down to rest awhile. 

She had shut the door to her room, 
and with the exception of another wom- 
an, she was alone. Her husband, Ren- 
chord, was away preaching the Gospel. 
It was as calm as a calm night in India 
knows how to be. Not a breath of wind 
was stirring, and the myriad wee things 
on the leaves of the trees and in the 
grass around were singing their good 
night songs in pretty unison. All at 
once the door pushed open, the stick 
wherewith it was propped, fell down, and 
a rushing, hurrying noise went past JBur- 
ie's bed. The other woman spoke, 
" Burie, has some one come, or what 
was that? " And the ever present moth- 
er nature asserted itself in saying calm- 
ly, " Nothing. Only a puff of wind 

pushed the door open." And they were 
quiet again. 

Burie was thinking. Tired bodies so 
often indulge the mind in lofty medita- 
tion, when it refuses to sleep. Again 
as if a woman hurrying by her bedside 
came that rushing noise. But Burie was 

And a third time the noise seemed to 
come close and then passed on. And 
she tried to make herself think she was 
only imagining* things, and ought to be 
asleep. What would her husband think 
of her if she were to tell him these her 
dreams of the night? But she was not 
asleep. She was sitting up in bed, and 
wide awake. 

Then there was a gentle rap at the 
door. It was Shivli's' husband had 
come. " Burie Mamma, come quick, I 
fear that something goes not well." Her 
heart beating rapidly in her bosom she 
went with him into the room. She took 
hold of Shivli's hand. It was warm, but 
the eyes were set. She felt for the pulse 

Shivli Standing- Behind and to the Left. 

January, 1905] 



and there was none. Turning, she said, 
" Valji, it is all over. She is gone." 
And the two wept together there. 

At once word was sent to some of us, 
and three went to the scene. She was 
dead, and Burie was weeping. Poor old 
thing, it meant so much to her. 

Early in the morning the grave was 
made ready, and all of us, all the Chris- 
tians quickly informed, were gathered 

our burial ground. We lowered her 
body into the grave, and covered it over 
with leaves of the nimb tree and filled 
it up. Then we came silently away. 

The birds, the goats, the cattle and 
the men, the world moves on just the 
same, but there has come a difference 
to us. The promised land seems nearer 
since another one of our loved ones has 
gone to dwell there. As I look up into 
the deep blue of the starry sky to-night, 
I wonder, Is the spirit of Shivli far 
away? Or is her spirit with us still? I 

Heroic figure of Buddha, carved out of the native rock, on the banks of the Ya river, 
China. The full image is seen on the right in the large picture, the vegetable form- 
ing the clothing, hair and mustache. See poem, " The Moss-Covered Idol," on next 
page. — By permission of Baptist Missionary Magazine. 

together, and in Burie's yard we had the 
funeral service. All the boys and all the 
girls, all the men and all the women 
were there. It was a solemn waiting. 
The silent form lay in view before us 
on the ground. After Scripture reading 
and exhortation, after the prayers and 
the tears, without a hymn, all walked 
slowly to the bit of pasture land we call 

may not know, but this I know, that one 
Father is common to us both. The Fa- 
ther of the spirit land is the Father with 
whom we deal. He is the same whom 
we love and serve. He knows our hearts. 
He knows our state and hers. My heart 
longs for its fullest service. But our 
Shivli we see no more. 
Bulsar, India, Nov. 7, 1904. 


The Moss-Covered Idol. 

By Rev. Joseph Taylor, Yachow, West China. 

/JOURNEYED one day in the far distant region 
Of China, that gray-headed land of the East, 
Where the name of the gods and the idols is legion, 
And each second day through the year is a feast; 
I came to a place where the shade was most pleasant, 

Where a brook rippled over its pebbled incline, 
And a burden-bent , simple-souled, toil-broken peasant 
Bowed down to an idol that sat in a shrine, 
A moss-covered idol that sat in a shrine. 

And thus it had lodged there for decades unnumbered, 

Unheeding the suppliant pleading for aid, 
As if from its birth it unceasingly slumbered 

While the blind devotee all his vows freely paid; 
Not a sign had it given, not a word had it spoken. 

In praise of good deeds, or in curses condign; 
Not a word nor a nod, not a tear nor a token 

From this moss-covered idol that sat in a shrine. 

And yet through the years, all untaught and unknowing 

The peasant prayed on to the unheeding ear, 
And faint grew the hope in his heart dimly glowing 

That the idol would give to him comfort and cheer. 
But the days of his pilgrimage soon will be ended, 

His steps will grow feeble, his strength will decline, 
While the ache in his heart will be left unattended 

By the moss-covered idol that sits in the shrine. 

O brothers, far over the ocean waves praying, 

Will you open your hearts to this suppliant's call ? 
Will you help him today, with no thoughtless delaying, 

To find in your Saviour a Saviour for all ? 
Send the Word, the glad Word that from death shall reprieve 
him ; 

Let the Light of the World in his heart brightly shine; 
Will you tell him of Christ and the gospel — or leave him 

Jo the moss-covered idol that sits in the shrine? 

— Baptist Missionary Magazine. 


Christ a Missionary. 


By Bertha Rowland. 

When we speak of a missionary we 
mean one sent for a purpose, in this 
is also implied the thought of a work 
to do. Some one has given us a mes- 
sage to deliver. In this case it was 
God's love for fallen humanity that He 
sent His only begotten Son into this 
sinful world that we through him might 
be ransomed, and brought back into the 
love of the Father. 

Think of the great love Christ mani- 
fested for the world in that He left 
the glory which He had with the Father 
and came to earth to do His will. Spilt 
His precious blood on Calvary that we 
might be pardoned. Greater love hath 
no man than this that he lay down his 
life for his enemies. 

I believe if we as God's children would 
think more of the great love God has for 
us when we were lost in darkness and 
in sin, the anguish and suffering it cost 
Him who knew no sin, we would go into 
this Christian work with double dili- 
gence, be more interested and concerned 
about those around us, be more earnest 
and show to those who have not yet 
confessed their Savior we really mean 
what we profess and show by our lives 
that the Christian life is more than be- 
coming a member of the church. 

Christ's only desire was to do the will 
of Him that sent Him, which was to 
seek and to save that which was lost. 

We so often speak of the great sacri- 
fice missionaries are making who go to 
foreign lands leaving their friends, their 
native homes, and going into strange, 
and sometimes, barbarous countries. 
True this is a sacrifice looking at it from 
the standpoint of pleasure and selfish- 
ness if we do not have the love for 
souls at heart. But this is nothing to be 
compared with the great sacrifice which 
the Father made to save us. " God so 
loved the world." If we so love souls 

we will not think of the sacrifice, but 
will it not rather be a joy and pleasure to 
tell the wondrous love of Jesus to those 
benighted heathen as well as those who 
are enlightened through the influence of 
Christianity, but not saved? 

Dear reader, if you saw a friend of 
yours in some awful danger and realized 
him to be lost, would you not use every 
means, strain every muscle and nerve 
and make use of the most extreme ef- 
fort to rescue him? Most assuredly you 

There are one thousand million souls 
lost in deep and dark despair, without 
God, without Christ, and dying with 
no hope of ever entering into eternal 
blessedness. The whole world at one 
time was lost. " All we like sheep have 
gone astray," every one has turned aside 
in his own way; but the Father has seen 
fit to lay on Him the iniquity of us all. 
Now we are in a position to be saved. 
Christ has come that we might have life 
and that more abundantly. God calls all 
to come to Him. Then He says " GO " 
tell the joyful news to others, go into 
the highways and hedges and bring them 
in as well as the more popular classes. 
Salvation is free and for all. Tell them 
the story of redeeming love. If each one 
would feel it his duty to shoulder a 
part of this great responsibility and work 
at it as we do for our own carnal de- 
sires, the church would grow and ex- 
pand until she would be known through- 
out the uttermost parts of the earth. 
There would be no need of asking, What 
peculiar people is this? It would be 
known without question. 

Christ was clothed with flesh, made 
Himself of no reputation, and took upon 
Himself the form of a servant, was made 
in the likeness of man. Instead of try- 
ing to rise above God He humbled Him- 
self to become the servant of God, even 



[January, 1905 

as low, sinful flesh, and died the most 
shameful death. 

Christ's first years were spent in pre- 
paratory work. As He grew He ad- 
vanced in wisdom and increased in favor 
with God and man. While engaged in 
secular pursuits He -did not forget His 
Father's business. Christ was especial- 
ly prepared before entering upon His 
full ministry. When He was baptized 
the heavens opened and there descended 
upon Him the Holy Spirit in the bodily 
shape of a dove, and a voice was heard 
saying, " This is my * beloved Son, in 
whom I am well pleased." If we, as 
God's children, could go forth in our la- 
bor for the church with this approval 
from God our work and efforts would 
accomplish much mere. And why not if 
we are willing as was His Son to do His 
will, — to "go," do, be and say what He 
wants us. Give ourselves entirely up to 
the direction of the Holy Spirit and be 
guided by Him regardless of any selfish 
motive. I feel confident much more 
good could be accomplished, the world 
made better and many more souls 
reached and saved. If we are prepared 
by God's Word and have this seal, the 
Holy Spirit, placed upon us, the work 
must go on, — can't be otherwise. 

Christ, while in the flesh, met with 
many temptations. We must expect the 
same. Immediately after His baptism 
He was led by the Spirit into the wilder- 

ness where He was tempted in many 
ways, yet He was ready to meet them 
all. Satan, seeing His earnestness, fled 
and angels came and ministered unto 

Christ's first followers were won by 
John pointing out the Lamb of God. 
The two disciples that were with John 
followed Jesus. He seeing them follow, 
asked, "What seek ye?" They said, 
"The Master," and asked where He 
dwelt. He told them, " Come and see." 
They found Jesus and brought others to 
Christ. If every Christian would do 
likewise to-day the world, in a short, 
time, would be won for Christ. Christ's 
missionary program had been announced 
by the prophet Isaiah. Christ, .Himself, 
read it in the synagogue on the Sabbath 
day. " The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, 
because he hath anointed me to preach 
the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me 
to heal the broken-hearted, to preach 
deliverance to the captives, and recov- 
ery of sight to the blind, to set at lib- 
erty them that are bruised, to preach 
the acceptable year of the Lord." The 
great commission to us is, " Go ye 
therefore, and teach all nations, bap- 
tizing them in the name of the Fa- 
ther, and of the Son, and of the Holy 
Ghost: teaching them to observe all 
things whatsoever I have commanded 
you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even 
unto the end of the world." 

Union Bridge, Md. 

Idolatry Among the Bhils. 

By S. N. McCann. 

The Bhil is not properly a Hindu but 
one of the aborigines of India. He is 
not so religious as are the Hindoos and 
his idolatry has been mostly, if not al- 
together, borrowed, from them, his 
conquerors and oppressors. You see no 
idol temple among the Bhils, their idols 
are in the open air or in their houses. 

They usually are of stone, any common 
stone set on end and a trident, pointing 
up, cut or painted on it, or only a 
smear of paint is all that is required. 
They do not require the service of a 
guru or of a religious teacher to conse- 
crate their stone gods, or to officiate in 
any of their services. Any worshiper 

January, 1905 


may consecrate any stone at any place 
by setting it up and worshiping it or 
daubing it with a little paint. 

Their worship is, however, confined to 
one month of the year and then only 
for one week, seven days. The first day 
is a day of sacrifice. In this day they 
assemble in crowds, beating drums, sing- 
ing and dancing, which is kept up for the 
week. Many of them get possessed and 
dhooning is very common at this time. 
The one who is making the sacrifice, 
the worshiper, sits before the stone and 
all who have or get the dhooning spirit 
sit with him. The worshiper takes from 
a little pile of grain by his side and gives 
to each of those about him, aiming to 
give only about five grains to one. If 
on counting they have five grains then 
everything is propitious and sacrifice is 
in order. If any one has less or more 
than five grains the omen is unpropi- 
tious and it is tried over; if again un- 
propitious a cocoanut is brought and 
broken over the idol, each one taking 
and eating of the nut. After this ani- 
mal sacrifice is begun, the goat, the 
buffalo, or chicken, as they can afford, 
one or more, is led up and the head 
struck off with a sword, if possible, at a 
single blow, by some one appointed by 
one of the dhooning possessed. The 

blood is caught in a vessel, liberally 
mixed with spirits, sometimes with milk 
and sugar added, then drank off by the 
dhooners. Sometimes when the head is 
struck off the dhooner grabs up the body 
and drinks or sucks the warm blood 
from the carcass. The animal is then 
roasted just as it is; the hair or feathers 
burn off in roasting. It is then cut up 
and its flesh, even to the entrails, is 
eaten. A piece of liver is cut off by the 
one who offers the sacrifice, roasted a 
little more and then cut in pieces and 
thrown in different directions as the 
word " eat " is pronounced. These bits 
are intended for any other spirits that 
may be hovering around. Sometimes 
the animal is cut up without roasting 
and distributed among the crowd. It is 
then taken to their homes and roasted 
and eaten, the piece of liver being offered 
as before. 

They have no other worship during 
the year except when in distress they 
may offer sacrifice and worship. Their 
sacrifice seems to be at all times to 
appease their god or to entreat a bless- 
ing. There seems to be no thought of 
sin or of its atonement. May the Lord 
give us the wisdom and the patience 
to lead them to the one great sin-aton- 
ing sacrifice, Christ Jesus, our Savior. 

An Eye for an Eye. 

Among the Jews, as, indeed, among 
other ancient nations, it was regarded not 
only as the right but also as the duty of the 
nearest of kin of a murdered person to 
retaliate by killing the murderer, and such 
a one was called the " avenger of blood." 
But the sermon on the mount set up a 
different standard : " Ye have heard that 
it was said, thou shalt love thy neighbor, 
and hate thine enemy: but I say unto you, 
Love your enemies, and pray for them 
that persecute you ; that ye may be sons of 
vour Father who is in heaven." 

The missionary enterprise occasionally af- 
fords striking examples of the out-working 
of the New Testament idea concerning 
vengeance. For instance, a few months ago 
the Rev. Benjamin M. Labaree, missionary 
at Urumiah, Persia, was killed by fa- 
natics. At the time of his death his brother, 
the Rev. Robert Labaree, a gifted and 
useful preacher, was pastor of the Pres- 
byterian church at Doylestown, Pa., a 
church paying a salary far above that paid 
to missionaries. But this work at Doyles- 
town has been relinquished, and on Sept. 



[January, 1905 

6 Mr. Labaree sailed for Persia to take up 
the work left by his murdered brother 
and, if occasion should offer, to preach the 
unsearchable riches of Christ even to the 
murderers themselves. 

The incident does not stand alone. On 
May 20, 1861, the Rev. George N. Gordon, 
who had gone out to the island Erro- 
manga, one of the New Hebrides group, to 
succeed the martyred John Williams in 
preaching to the cannibals, came, like his 
predecessor, to a violent death. Within 
three years a brother, the Rev. James D. 
Gordon, the rightful " avenger of blood " 
was on Erromanga preaching to the natives. 
For eight years he labored, until one day, 
just after having finished, by the help of 
a native assistant, the revision of the sev- 
enth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles, 
where the martyrdom of Stephen is re- 
corded, he too fell victim of a cannibal's 

On Aug. 1, 1895, occurred the martyr- 
dom of eleven Christians at Kucheng, 
South China, eight of the eleven being 
missionaries. Two of the eight were the 
Misses Harriette Elinor and Elizabeth 
Maud Saunders, of Melbourne, Australia. 
The mother of the two young women, 
Mrs. Eliza Saunders, was enabled to 
say: "If I had two daughters more 
I would send them to China likewise. 
They went to death, and they went to 
glory, and all I should say — all I de- 
sire to say — is Hallelujah! God knows 

the benefits to follow this martyrdom. 
Believe me the grand work will go on and 
the Christianizing of these people will be 
expedited." And within two years the 
mother herself had found her way to 
South China, where she is still at work. 

This spirit of forgiveness, which is truly 
divine, has found expression in the native 
Christians as well as in missionaries. Four 
years ago Chen-Ta-yung, native preacher of 
our church in North China, together with 
his wife, his youngest son, and his youngest 
daughter were hacked to pieces by Boxers 
in a town outside the great wall in the re- 
gion of Mongolia. It would have been most 
natural if Chen Wei-Ping, his third son, 
who was a member of Conference, had 
felt the impulse to be the " avenger of 
blood." But when some months after the 
massacre, it became possible for the son to 
visit the place, that he might gather together 
the bones of his loved ones for proper buri- 
al, he refused the offers of indemnity 
made by the Chinese, making, however 
this one request: "I should like to go 
to that church and preach the Gospel to 
the people who murdered my parents." 
And he was allowed to go. 

" For if ye . love them that love you, 
what reward have ye? Do not even the 
publicans the same? And if ye salute your 
brethren only, what do ye more than others ? 
Do not even the Gentiles the same? Ye 
therefore shall be perfect, as your heavenly 
Father is perfect." — World Wide Missions. 

How Our Elders and Ministers Can Help the Circle 
and Christian Workers' Society. 

Young people's societies are training 
schools in which the successors of the 
present generation of the leaders of the 
church are in training. Young people 
are to learn here to work for Christ, 
to pray, to give. If they do not learn it 
now, they will not learn it by and by. 
Samuel was in training under Eli in 
the temple service, Elisha under Elijah, 
Joshua under Moses. Every elder should 

look over his congregation and see who 
are being trained to take up his work. 

We can tell you some ways in which 
our ministers do not help along our 
Young Peoples' Societies. 

1. They do not help them by exercis- 
ing a dictatorial, domineering spirit over 
the young people. This creates a spirit 
of antagonism which is very hard to 
overcome, and the entire church will 

January, 1905] 



suffer. The lambs cannot be fed in this 
way; when they stray into strange pas- 
tures the shepherd seeks them and draws 
them back into the fold. Rest assured 
our young people will make some mis- 
takes in these meetings, and sometimes 
their plans and schemes will not be the 
best. How could it be otherwise when 
they have everything to learn? When 
this occurs let the minister not say, " I 
told you so"; but let him think and 
reflect, — is everything done just exactly 
right in our council meetings which are 
in the hands of our older members? 
And then instead of frowning, he can 
be pleasant and encouraging, and the 
young people will gladly meet him more 
than half way in order to rectify their 
mistakes and make things right. 

2. It cannot be done by the minister 
doing most of the work. Our young 
people want this training; they need to 
learn how to preside over these meet- 
ings and how to stand on their feet and 
express their thoughts. The minister 
could do it far better of course, but the 
halting, stammering young man needs 
just this kind of training to make him 
useful in the church. And the young 
sister who has never learned how to 
write out the minutes of a meeting, is 
put on a fair way to become a very ef- 
ficient Sunday-school secretary. When 
mistakes occur just remember that they 
are learning fast, and what faithful serv- 
ice they will give the church in the 
years to come. Assist them and sym- 
pathize with them, but encourage them 
to do their own work. Moody used to 
say that- he would rather set ten men to 
work than do the work of ten men. 
Every worker dies. If the work is not 
to die other workers must carry it for- 

3. It can never be done if the minister 
is neglectful of the Young People's 
Meeting. It will not take long for the 
young people to conclude that he is not 
interested in their work, and they will 
likely go on without referring to him or 
depending on him in any way. Does 
he not know that right in these meet- 

ings comes his closest individual touch 
with the workers? He can understand 
them and often influence them for good 
at times when they are in sore need of 
good counsel. 

4. It can never be done by the elders 
and ministers trying to drive the young 
people. No minister can compel their 
loyalty, but oh, how easy it is to win 
their loyal regard, how willingly they 
will yield to your wishes, if you have 
their confidence. The sooner the shep- 
herd learns that he cannot drive his 
flock, the better it is for both sheep and 
shepherd. The sheep know their shep- 
herd's voice and will follow him, but a 
stranger will they not follow, neither 
will they be driven. But the minister 
who remembers how things were when 
he was a boy, and so is patient with 
them, who remembers his own temp- 
tations and how easy it was to yield, 
will always have the loyalty of the 
young people, and they will stand by 
him to the end. 

Now it is always so easy to say what 
should not be done that we hesitate be- 
fore we take up the more difficult task 
of telling you what your minister should 

1. He should attend the meetings. 
This is very important. In many 
churches this year, we are beginning to 
hold Young People's meetings where 
there never were any before. Many of 
the young members are timid, and they 
shrink from opening a meeting; they are 
not quite sure what they should do in 
some part of their program. But if the 
minister is present the young leader 
feels at ease; some way or other things 
will go right if the minister sits near 
him, to help over awkward places. 

2. The minister must keep in touch 
with the young people. This is a young 
people's age. Their place is important, 
their needs are real. Growth must be 
made in the church largely by the care 
and development of the young people; 
the minister who fully realizes this and 
who really loves young people will have 
no trouble in directing their work. The 



[January, 1905 

little boy who said he did not want to 
go to heaven if his cross, impatient 
grandfather went, gave expression 'to an 
unspoken feeling of many boys and girls. 
They will not go into any church work 
that is led by such people. The min- 
ister who keeps sweet, will win the 
cheerful obedience of the boys and girls. 

3. Another way for the minister to 
help, is to follow up a timid speaker by 
a few thoughts of his own, comment- 
ing on some thought in his speech. And 
afterwards, at the close of the meet- 
ing, they can say a word of encourage- 
ment privately to each one who has 
tried to take a humble part. 

4. Let the young people feel that the 
minister is one of them. Then they will 
be benefited by his knowledge and bet- 

ter judgment. If this is the young peo- 
ple's age it is the day of your respon- 
sibility. It is your privilege and duty 
to help the ministers, make their burden 
lighter, increase their courage, and do 
some actual work for them. You are 
babes in Christ maybe, but do not be 
childish and look for petting. Your 
place is that of hard service, not play. 
The strong young men and women of 
our church can do wonders. The Circle 
stands for earnest service, self-sacrifice, 
and thoughtful love towards others. It 
stands pledged to the cause of missions, 
what can you do to arouse your congre- 
gation to a sense of their duty towards 
missions at home and abroad? Talk it 
over with your minister, find some plan 
of work, and the angels will rejoice over 
the results. 

First Steps in Self -Support. 

By Rev. C. A. Salquist. 

Older missions and more experienced 
brethren have given much thought to the 
subject of self-support. We, of a young- 
er generation and a newer mission, have 
profited largely by their success, as well 
as learned by their failures what to 
avoid. We do not consider ourselves as 
having attained unto perfection in this 
matter, hence the modest title of " First 
Steps." It may be of some interest to 
our fellow-workers at home and abroad 
to know what we have done in this line. 

Our preaching place outside of the city 
Suifu was acquired in a very singular 
manner. On his way down the river 
at the time of the riots of 1895, Mr. Bea- 
man was robbed, and everything he had 
taken to a brewery at one end of the 
village of Lichwang and there divided, 
the owner of the brewery being one of 
the robbers. Soon after our return in 
1896, some men from this village be- 
came interested in the Gospel, and want- 
ed us to open a preaching place there. 

This we consented to do, with the un- 
derstanding that the rent was to be paid 
by them. No suitable house could be 
found, so the brewery was rented and 
fitted up as a preaching place, while the 
owner was in the penitentiary! The 
rent was 1,000 " cash " or about 60 cents 
a month. When the first month was 
up, the rent was not forthcoming from 
the inquirers, and as the wife of the 
owner was in great need, of the money 
the missionary paid it. About a year 
later the house was sold and " The True 
Doctrine Hall " had to move along. In 
the reply to the inquiry as to what could 
be done now, we said we would do 
nothing about getting a house unless the 
conditions were fulfilled, explaining to 
the men that it was not absolutely nec- 
essary to have a preaching place, that 
they could be Christians without. After 
some delay a place was rented, and what 
a place it was! Black with soot and 
cobwebs, and no light except what the 

January, 1905] 



front door and some glass tiles let in, 
it was wholly innocent of all attempts 
at ventilation. It was almost enough to 
stagger the staunchest advocate of self- 
support, to see this sample of the best 
that could be done in the way of se- 
curing a house. But looked at from an- 
other point of view there was cause for 
great rejoicing; for was not this a 
preaching place, poor as it was, rented 
and paid for by men interested in the 
Gospel? What if the rent was only 
about two dollars a year! After some 
more teaching it was agreed that the 
Gospel, being so infinitely superior to 
the old religion, was worth quite as much 
financial support. First one then an- 
other discovered that the house they oc- 
cupied was not a credit either to them- 
selves or the mission: and soon another 
house was rented and fitted up, which 
had plenty of air, light and room. 

We thanked God and took courage. 
Before long our towns and villages ap- 
plied for preaching places. " You must 
rent a house and fit it up yourself," was 
the answer. " We can't do it, teacher, 
we are too few and poor. We will come 
and listen to your preaching." While 
admitting their poverty, we still insisted 
on our side of the bargain. " You are 
surely not poorer than the people of 
Lichwang, and see what they are doing. 
It is not our custom to pay for preach- 
ing places." The question of " custom " 
was usually effective and final, especially 
as Lichwang stood as a concrete testi- 
mony to the assertion. Gradually, the 
idea that each station is to pay its own 
expenses has taken root; there is not a 
question of the mission paying for any- 
thing in the out stations. In connection 
with our work in Suifu there are now 
over forty of these, where property is 
either bought or rented, aggregating 
many hundred dollars annually. In 
many places preachers are supported, 
either by one station alone, or by two 
or three together. 

An interesting feature of our work in 
Suifu is the annual gathering in the sum- 

mer or early fall, of men from all our 
out stations for a month's study of the 
Bible. Last year forty were present, 
some having come four or five days' 
journey, at considerable expense and in- 
convenience. Many were able and will- 
ing to pay their own expenses, but in 
most cases the expenses were paid by 
the stations sending them, those who 
come only giving their time. The city 
not proving the best place for quiet and 
uninterrupted study, it was decided to 
ask for contributions from native 
sources, mostly from the out stations, 
for the erection of a simple and commo- 
dious building on the hill, where the mis- 
sionaries have their summer , houses, to 
be used for these Bible institutes. We 
have received over one hundred strings 
of cash from the out stations, each giv- 
ing only from three to five strings. 
These, with other subscriptions, will en- 
able us to put up a suitable house ac- 
commodating at least fifty persons, with- 
out any expense to the mission. The 
building is already begun, but will not 
be ready for use this summer. By hav- 
ing these institutes on the hill, the mis- 
sionaries will be able to teach while en- 
joying their summer vacations. 

While the work of self-support is more 
apparent in the out stations, the city 
church has by no means been idle. For 
some years it has paid its running ex- 
penses as well as those of the street 
chapel. About two years ago a small 
farm was bought for a Christian burial 
ground. The church also contributes to- 
wards the expenses of the boys' and 
girls' schools. While the church has a 
membership of a little over a hundred, 
only about 40 per cent of the members 
live in the city. The rest naturally con- 
tribute to the stations nearest to them. 

There is no doubt that our apparent 
progress among many lines would have 
been greater in the beginning, if we had 
been ready to pay the bills with mis- 
sion money, but we firmly believe the 
principle of self-support is the best 
foundation on which to build for the 
future good of the work. — Baptist Mis- 
sionary Magazine. 



Editorial Comment. 


Did you know that the list of live 
wire congregation is growing? What! 
Don't you know what a live wire congre- 
gation is? Well, just write to the Sun- 
day schools of Middle Pennsylvania, 
which are raising the means to> support 
Bro. Jesse Emmert on the India field. 
Or Mount Morris College Missionary 
Society which supports Daniel J. Lichty; 
or the Waynesboro congregation, Pa., 
which supports Mary Quinter and Nora 
Arnold Lichty; or the Shade Creek con- 
gregation, of Western Pa., which sup- 
ports Anna Z. Blough, or the Y. P. 
M. & T. Society at Huntingdon, Pa., 
which supports J. M. Blough; or the 
second district of Virginia which is sup- 
porting Isaac and Effie Long; or the 
Mount Morris Sunday school which is 
supporting Sadie J. Miller. These have 
had experience in the work for over a 
year or more. They know what it is to 
raise $250 per year per worker for the 
good work that is going on. The joy 
in being represented on the field, of hav- 
ing a particular one after whom they 
can think and pray, — it pays for all and 
more too. • 

Yes, the list is growing. There is a 
brother in Altoona, Pa., supporting Sis- 
ter Pittenger; the Sunday schools of 
Southern Ohio, supporting J. M. Pitten- 
ger; the Botetourt congregation, of Vir- 
ginia, supporting Brother and Sister 
Ross; the Sunday schools of Northwest- 
ern Ohio, supporting Brother and Sister 
Berkebile; -the McPherson church and 
college supporting Brother and Sister 
2by; the Sunday schools of California 
supporting Sister Gertrude Rowland; 
and — reverently, yet gladly, we speak it, 
■ — the Quemahoning congregation in 
Western Pennsylvania belongs to the list 
even though their worker, the late de- 
parted and much loved J. W. Swigart, 

did not reach India soil, but eternal joys 

Then there are the brethren in Nebras- 
ka with the funds in the hands of the 
Committee for nearly a year and no 
worker yet appointed. They must be 
counted too. 

Thus has the list grown. One is sur- 
prised to note this growth in a little 
over three years. What shall the har- 
vest be? It is all for God, it matters 
not. Praise His Holy Name! 

♦> ♦♦♦ ♦£ 

There should be no burden greater up- 
on the soul of the church than the mute 
yet penetrating cry of the mountaineers 
of the South in our own beloved land. 
Living among the fastnesses of the ev- 
erlasting hills, these mountaineers have 
kept their blood without taint and re- 
tained unbroken the traditions and su- 
perstitions of their fathers. Their lives 
are simple, crude, and in some ways be- 
low the level in moral tone of many 
heathen lands. They do not have intel- 
ligence enough to understand that the 
laws of the land in which they live are 
for their highest good; but look upon 
them, as well as the officers representing 
them, as a menace to their- well-being. 
They live in poor houses, yet their bodi- 
ly strength is great, and they have in 
them that fibre which under proper 
training, would make mighty men for 
God and the land of the free and brave. 

Just think of it, reader, through Ken- 
tucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, and 
adjoining territory live 2,000,000 of such 
people, their very condition being the 
loudest call of need of a Savior, 
Among them are nearly 300,000 youths 
who would welcome the brighter day of 
culture, the uplift of an indwelling hope 
in Jesus, their unknown Savior. 

Would to God that consecrated breth- 

January, 1905] 



ren and sisters, forgetful of life, would 
go forth into these dark regions of the 
United States, and lose themselves in 
the work of lifting higher these people. 
What a joy in heaven and earth would 
come from such a work! 

*■ *> * 


The New Year is before us. What has 
it in store for each one of us? A fair 
question and a very interesting one too. 

A better question however, is, What is 
in store for the church? Of course back 
of such a question must be in combina- 
tion at least the individual. But the first 
question looks at self, the second at 
something higher and better than self. 

The first is purely human, the second 
partakes of the divine in degree as we, 
forgetting self, think and labor for the 

What can I do for Christ and the 
church? is a query that ought to press 
upon the heart of each member. Such 
a question carefully considered would 
bring glorious rewards for the Master's 
cause. Just note some of the possible 
things which might be done. 

There are many individuals — easily one 
hundred and more in the Brotherhood, 
who, if they could comprehend the value 
of the service, would and as readily 
could place in the hands of the Com- 
mittee an endowment sufficient to keep 
one worker in the mission field as long 
as the church stands. What a memorial 
that would be unto the Lord! Yet 
$10,000 would do it with ease and supply 
the worker with many helpful acces- 

There are many congregations, — easily 
two hundred and more in the Brother- 
hood, who, if submissive to the highest 
impulses of their own hearts, and led 
fully by the Spirit as He often strives to 
lead them, could and would place a me- 
morial fund in the hands of the Commit- 
tee to keep a missionary in some mission 
field for all time to come. $5,000 a year 

for two years would fully equip such 
an endowment. What better memorial 
could those congregations erect to the 
honor of God? In three years the ef- 
fort at raising this would be past and 
almost forgotten. If the desire arose 
the same could be repeated. It would 
not be any harder than building a meet- 
inghouse, but it would be a more glori- 
ous work. 

Will 1905 find such members, such 

Reader, do not look about and wonder 
who could do these things. Ask your- 
self if you can do it; and if not, how 
near you can come to doing it. 

4$t ♦> *fr 


Had it ever occurred to you that the 
extracts from letters from the mission- 
aries on the field were one of the most 
valuable features of the Visitor? Even a 
few who make no profession of Chris 
tianity but were acquainted with one or 
more of the workers on the field said 
they wanted the Visitor "just for the 
letters, for they seemed so real and per- 

Now and then, and in fact most every 
Christian has at some time or other 
wished that he might have had a per- 
sonal talk with Jesus. This cannot be 
had in the sense in which it is usually 
meant. But it occurs to us that next 
to such a talk would be to hear some 
one speak who had complied with the 
Master's last command and had gone to 
the field of service. Such men of God 
are always listened to with intense ear- 
nestness. But not all can have the priv- 
ilege of hearing missionaries talk, and at 
the best this occurs only once in a year 
or so. The next best thing is to read 
what the missionary writes, — especially 
that part which is of interest to you, al- 
though it was never written for your 

That is just what the readers of the 
Visitor get and, judging from the ex- 



[January, 1905 

pressions of appreciation, it is the most 
important feature of the magazine. 

If you enjoy the letters, help others 
to the same joy. 

■•5+ +£♦ ♦j* 

What a contradiction of terms! Yet 
there are those here and there who are 
io indifferent to the calls of the needy 
world that they might easily be classed 
as anti-missionary. But can such a 
congregation be really a Christian 
church? If any one knows how that is 
possible, let them explain and do it at 

On the other hand the church in its 
normal condition is missionary. It can- 
not help but be so. Christ is its found- 
er. He said to his disciples, " As the 
Father sent me, so send I you." If that 
means anything, it means, " Go, ye into 
all the world and preach my Gospel to 
every creature." 

Missions is no new thing to the Father, 
the Son, or the Spirit, for it' has been 
their one great purpose in the world. 
But it must be admitted that there ap- 
pears to be a few who claim to be fol- 
lowers of Christ, led by the Spirit and 
have God for their Father, who will do 
little or nothing for the salvation of oth- 

What a combination of ideas! What a 
departure from the ideal! How far, in- 
deed, are such congregations or indi- 
viduals from being Christian as the 
brethren at Antioch were! 

*♦<■ ♦> <$> 

A certain minister once said of prayer: 
" If we could see behind the veil of 
things into the secret agencies of life, we 
might, and I believe we should find that 
many of our most real victories have 
been won on the strength of the prayers 
of others for us." 

How many of the dear workers in the 

foreign field and on the frontier in this 
land gladly endorse the truth of the 
above statement. They know if we do 
not that some unseen Hand is bearing 
them up in the work in which they are 
engaged. They recall the friends who 
promised to pray for them and they 
are assured that many whom they do 
not know in the flesh are praying for 
them. This is their daily sustaining 

But, brother, sister, how much deep- 
er would be your prayer, how much 
more real would be your petitions if each 
month you would read of the work of 
these consecrated ones and know their 
struggles, fears and hopes. All this is 
sought to be given to you through the 
columns of the Visitor. Hence for the 
sake of the beloved in the field, fail not 
to keep in touch with them and continue 
to pray for them. 




The Foreign Christian Missionary So- 
ciety's annual report for the year ending 
Sept. 30, 1904, shows a total disbursement 
of mission funds to be $209,313.36. Of 
this amount, $20,260.99 was used for 
" Administrative Expenses." This means 
that for nearly every ten cents given, 
nine went to the field, while one was 
used for paying office expenses of vari- 
ous sorts, including the work of raising 
the funds. 

To give our readers some idea of how 
this society compensates its workers, 
their supports range from $600, the low- 
est paid to a single lady missionary to 
$1,500 to one of the leading men. The 
president of the society is paid $2,400 
and the secretary $2,500, besides travel- 
ing expenses, which amount for both to 
$1,155.11. The postage for one year 
amounts to $3,927.74; their printing to 

January, 1905] 





Now this is a most interesting little 
volume, setting forth the conditions of 
the children in heathen lands and how 
a number of them have come through 
many difficulties and discouragements up 
to be better men and women for having 
found Christ. No one can read these 
stories, true recitals of actual experi- 
ence, without being touched and admir- 
ing these heroes in the struggle for a 
better life. The volume has been pre- 
pared by Ralph E. Diffendorfer and pub- 
lished by the Young People's Mission- 
ary movement of New York. In cloth, 
50 cents; in paper, 35 cents. 

*$? ■•J* *J+ 


This is an interesting volume on Ja- 
pan by John H. DeForest. He has spent 
years in that land and through associa- 
tion with high officials as well as with 
the common classes has come in touch 
with the " soul of Japan." Of course 
newspapers lately have had a great deal 
to say about the country incident to the 
war now in progress; but the informa- 
tion must necessarily be superficial and 
hence not reliable. Then there are many 
books thrown upon the market treating 
on Japan either from a standpoint of 
sympathy without having proper knowl- 
edge, while others have been published 
whose authors have had a fair knowl- 
edge of conditions, but their hearts did 
not understand the moving power back 
of Japan life. Dr. DeForest has com- 
bined many excellent qualities in his 
book as only he was able to do. He has 
written with the sole purpose of enlist- 
ing the sympathy of Christian people in 
behalf of awakening Japan along intelli- 
gent, logical and sound lines, and has 
succeeded well. His book is admirably 
adapted to classes or social gatherings 

who would care to take up systematic 
study of Japan, for along with his own 
clear discussion of each subject, the 
chapter closes with questions for study, 
authors cited where more complete study 
may be pursued, and subjects suggested 
on which papers or talks can be pre- 

What would be more profitable in a 
neighborhood than to 'have the young 
people gather once a week and spend an 
hour on each chapter, after having spent 
the spare moments of the week preced- 
ing in studying the subject? This can 
easily be done if some one will act as 
leader and take up the work. Where 
now are our workers at home? 

The book is published by the Young 
People's Missionary Movement of New 
York, and though it contains 233 pages, 
illustrated, and has an excellent map of 
Japan, the price is only 50 cents in cloth 
and 35 cents in paper, postpaid. The ex- 
pense of the book we are sure can be 
no excuse. Let there be classes organ- 
ized at once. 

& * *• 


This is one of the late volumes of 
the Student Volunteer Movement for 
Foreign Missions and a better one has 
not been issued from the press. Its 
author, Harlan P. Beach, has made one 
grand survey of that empire of India, 
filled so full of problems for the Chris- 
tian church and now promising such 
large results for the years of endeavor 
within her borders. The book was com- 
pleted about one year ago, so that the 
information given is up-to-date. But 
that is not all. While the author has 
had a large field, he has covered it well, 
not so much in generalization as in spe- 
cific points and accumulations of infor- 
mation that give the volume force and 
power as well as interest and help to 
every student of India. It is the book 
for the young, — young either in years or 
in missions, and the reader is bound to 
hold a deeper interest in India after 
reading it. The general topics are very 
suggestive. The Physical Environment; 
Some Historical Factors; Races and the 
Common Life; the Religious Life of To- 
day; Christianity in India; Ways of 
Working; Problems and Opponents; Re- 
sults and Opportunities. Cloth, illus- 
trated, 308 pages, price 50 cents. 




Sentiment, Progress, Reform. 

Our country hath a gospel of her own 
To preach and practice before all the 

The freedom and divinity of man, 
The glorious claims -of human brother- 

— Lowell. 
*fr ♦** *■ 

The Bible is printed and bound in all 
parts of the world. Some of the best 
work is done in Japan. It is said that 
the Japanese are twenty-five years ahead 
of the Oxford Press in their printing ap- 

♦J* •*$•' ♦J* 

At the beginning of the nineteenth 
century French infidelity ruled the edu- 
cated classes of America and Christian- 
ity was thought to be speedily doomed. 
But what has been the outcome? In 
1800 there were only 350,000 church' 
members in a population of 5,000,000, or 
one in fourteen; while to-day that ratio 
has increased to one in four. When we 
reflect that the numerical strength of the 
church has augmented three times as 
rapidly as the population; when we note 
the rise and progress of Sunday schools 
which the century has witnessed; when 
we recall the fact that nearly all the 
great missionary, philanthropic and re- 
formatory societies are less than a hun- 
dred years old; . . . surely these are 
signs of hopeful progress, worthy to 
take rank with any of the marvels of 
invention or with the growth of our 
national area and the expansion of our 
national power. — John Henry Barrows, 
in the Home Missionary. 

Talk about heroism! These home 
missionaries are the true heroes. They 
are fighting against the saloon and the 
gambling house and the overthrow of 
Sunday. They are standing for the 
home, they are strengthening the 
schools, they are using the best day of 
the week, the soul's library day, for the 

spread of American manhood. They 
are doing foundation work; they are 
pioneers blazing their way through the 
forest. They are toiling in poverty, in 
homesickness, and some of them in pain 
and in heartbreak. They are the men 
whose very shoe latchets you and I are 
not worthy to- stoop and unloose. One 
hundred years from now they will be 
looked upon as the Pilgrim fathers of 
the great West. — Newell Dwight Hillis, 
in the Home Missionary. 

♦> ♦♦♦ ■*• 
In setting up the Syriac version of the 
Bible a thousand different compartments 
in the type are used. Sometimes type 
cannot be got, then there is recourse to 

♦fr <♦ ♦♦♦ 

Out of suffering have emerged the 
strongest souls; the most passive char- 
acters are seamed with scars. — Rev. E. 
H. Chapin. 

**♦ ♦** <<■ 

The Episcopal church in the United 
States closed their fiscal year in October 
with a total indebtedness of $157,000. 
$38,000 of this was made during the last 
year. 4,190 congregations contributed 
$413,224.36 within the year. About 
one-third of their congregations made 
no contributions unless they did 
it through Woman's Auxiliary, 
which reached $77,000, or the Sunday- 
school Auxiliary, which from 3,606 
schools amounted to $117,900. The So- 
ciety sent out thirteen new missionaries 
and have 113 as their staff on the field. 
This is the effort for the year just past, 
though the society has been engaged in 
missions for over a century and a quar- 

* * * 

Hiram College, Ohio (Christian), has 
this year the largest mission study class 
in its history, there being 200 enrolled. 
The average attendance is 167. Good! 

January, 1905 



The Church Missionary Society of 
England sent out seventy-one new mis- 
sionaries into foreign fields and now 
maintain 960, exclusive of married wom- 
en, as their foreign staff. 
*> *X* +X+ 

Christian England laughed when Sid- 
ney Smith sneered at William Carey as 
a " consecrated cobbler," going on a 
fool's errand to convert the heathen. 
Carey died, aged seventy-three years. 
He was visited on his deathbed by the 
Bishop of India, the head of the Church 
of England in that land, who bowed his 
head and invoked the blessing of the 
dying missionary. The British authori- 
ties had denied to Carey a landing-place 
on his first arrival in Bengal; but when 
he died, the government dropped all its 
flags to half mast in honor of a man 
who had done more for India than any 
of their generals. The universities of 
England, Germany and America paid 
tribute to his learning, and. to-day Prot- 
estant Christianity honors him as one of 
its noblest pioneers. 

+X+ ♦> ♦> 
The American Missionary Association 
devoted to the development of Chris- 
tianity in the territory ruled by the 
United States closed its fiscal year 
Sept. 30, with very encouraging results. 
The total amount received amounted to 
$325,478.38. This was expended as fol- 
lows: The South, $261,055.95; Porto 
Rico, West Indies, $10,284.44; Indian 
missions, 29,199.54; Chinese missions, 
$13,486.61. Publications, including edi- 
tor's salary, $10,693.04. The Woman's 
State organizations rendered special aid. 
Besides $29,001.91 in cash they contrib- 
uted 614 boxes of clothing, bedding, etc., 
for the schools of the Association and 
fifteen of these State organizations are 
directly supporting forty-five workers on 
the field. 

* * *> 

The church has been divided into three 
classes; — mission, omission and anti- 
mission. — Anon. 

Love of God and love of country are 
the two noblest passions in the human 
heart. And these two unite in home 
missions. — Henry Van Dyke. 

♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ 

A scholarly mandarin has been com- 
missioned by his province to write a 
careful explanation of the Christian re- 
ligion. What a promising outlook, now 
that China begins to inquire into things 
without her. 

♦> <" *> 

At a missionary meeting held in Eng- 
land, Ian Maclaren said of missionaries, 
" They are the fighting line — theirs are 
the medals with the bars — they are our 
Victoria Cross men. We who stay at 
home are a very respectable lot of hard 
working men, but just militia." 

A Jt, JL 
V V V 

Some months ago B. W. Larrabee, a 
missionary in Persia, was murdered. 
Did the family turn against missions 
when they heard the sad news? No; in- 
stead, the brother of the fallen hero, 
Robert Larrabee, has* gone to take his 
place. It is the natural course of sac- 
rifice, love for souls, the love of the 
Master. The workers may die, but the 
work does not stop. 

* * * 

In 1882 the Christian church had one 
congregation who gave a hundred dol- 
lars to missions. Now she has five that 
give as much as $1,000 annually for the 
same work. A commendable growth in 

* * *X* 

There are three and a half millions of 
mountaineers scattered along the moun- 
tains and uplands of Kentucky, Virginia, 
West Virginia, Tennessee, Alabama and 
North Carolina. They are a strong, in- 
dependent and often lawless people, of 
as good Anglo-Saxon blood as is any- 
where to be found. They just need the 
years of culture which the same blood 
farther north has had and they will be 
just as good. What a field near by! 
Who will enter and do so at once? 



[January, 1905 

The Bible Lands Missions Aid Society, 

which celebrates its Jubilee this year, has 

during fifty years distributed over £108,- 

600 among various mission agencies in 

Bible lands. 

* *• *■ 

Missionaries are barred from Russian 


♦> * •* 

When the British and Foreign Bible 
Society heard through a missionary that 
the governor of Shantung Province in 
China wanted a copy of the New Testa- 
ment, they sent him 200 at once. His 
Highness proposes to place a copy in 
the hands of each official and then he 
hopes there will be no more uprisings 
against Christianity. 

••$► *$•■ ••$* 

A man living in Shang Tung who be- 
lieved a year ago that missionary work 
was a humbug and converts shams, has 
entirely changed his mind owing to what 
he has seen during the recent persecu- 
tions in China. To use his own words: 
" I have seen many of these converts, 
men and women, who have had the 
choice put before them, ' Will you deny 
Christ, or will you suffer and die?' and 
have deliberately chosen suffering and 
death. I have seen these people — some 
of them brought down to the hospitals 
on the coast, mangled and broken, com- 
ing down simply wrecks to die. I have 
carefully verified at least twenty-five 
cases brought down to the place where 
I was living — and never again will I 
speak of the Chinese converts as hum- 
bugs or shams." — N. Z. Church News. 

Prayer and missions are as inseparable 
as faith and works. — John R. Mott. 

•*■ "$► *• 
The lady head of a hospital in Ceylon 
showed me a letter from a Connecticut 
girl who supported a bed there. She 
is a mill girl, and when I saw her letter 
I wrote to her about that bed — her 
" Easter Lily Bed," as she named it. 

She replied and said, " Sometimes when 
it is hot and I am tired, and the wheels 
and spindles seem whirring inside my 
head instead of outside, I think of some 
one weak and sick and weary being 
healed and comforted on my Easter Lily 
Bed, ten thousand miles away, and I am 
rested."— The Mission Field. 

*• * <* 
" America " is another name for op- 
portunity. Our whole history appears 
like a last effort of divine providence in 
behalf of the human race. — Ralph Waldo 

<♦ *• ♦$► 

He prays not at all in whose prayers 
there is no mention of the kingdom of 
God. — A Jewish Proverb. 

* <♦ 4* 

The Russian government has given 
free passes over the Trans-Siberian Rail- 
way to the agents of the Bible Society. 

* * * 

Nearly a million copies Of the Scrip- 
tures are sold in China every year. 

* ^ <* 

The Bible depot in Madrid was once 
the home of an Inquisitor-General, with 
its secret staircase and private passages, 
one leading to the old dungeon of the 
Inquisition, another to the Tribunal. 

m ♦> * ^ 

The total mission receipts for the Mis- 
sionary Society of the Methodist church 
for the year ending October 31 are 
$1,536,636.76, an increase over the pre- 
ceding year of $54,363.94. The Society 
expended for all purposes $1,514,453.09, 
and have a balance on hand to begin the 
new year, over and above all drafts and 
outstanding obligations, $73,491.47. 

♦♦♦ *• * 
He does most to Christianize the 
world and to hasten the coming of the 
kingdom who does most to make thor- 
oughly Christian the United States. — 
Josiah Strong. 



G. B. Wilson publishes in the London 
Daily News the following disheartening 
information which is here given that the 
church may see from whence some of 
her lack of power arises: 

These statistics show to what an ex- 
tent the clergy of Britain are interested 
in the liquor business. 

The value of the holdings of 1,670 
clergymen is: — 

Trustees Personal 

Church of England £729,298 £698,634 

Roman Catholic 50,162 52,300 

Others, 30,797 77,722 

Total, £810,257 £828,656 

The value of holdings of 466 women 
whose addresses indicate close associa- 
tion with religious profession is: — 

466 Women interested in their own 

right to the extent of £167,150 

115 "Women interested as joint 
holders and trustees to the 

extent of ' 66,209 


Total £233,359 

This brings the total holdings of 

clergymen and women connected with 

the churches up to: — 

Trustees Personal 

Men £810,257 £828,656 

Women, 167,150 66,209 

Total £977,407 £894,865 

In these days when churches are en- 
gaged in so large a degree in relieving 
human misery, most of which is directly 
traceable to the liquor business, it is al- 
most inconceivable that so many clergy- 
men and women, who should be exam- 
ples of moral and spiritual righteousness, 
willingly ally themselves with the forces 
of evil. 

The statistics given above are a dis- 
grace to modern Christianity, and a de- 
plorable repudiation of the highest as- 
pirations of its Founder, Jesus Christ. 

* ♦> * 
An Indian deacon in the Episcopal 
church in August gave a pony for the 
building of a church at Red Hall, 
in North Dakota. The pony was sold 
for $35. The writer in " Spirit of Mis- 
sions " says, " This is the most generous 
gift, the comparative magnitude of 
which can only be appreciated by those 

who know the conditions and circum- 
stances of the Indians on this reserva- 
tion. If one-tenth of our white church 
people should give in any such propor- 
tions, we would have millions on mil- 
lions for missions." 

* * * 

In 1778 the government of Australia 
estimated the native population to be 
over 1,000,000. To-day it does not num- 
ber 50,000. In one province the race is 
entirely extinct and in two others but 
a few thousand are to be found. 

* * * 

At Reikjavik, Iceland, the temperance 
women, who are known as " white rib- 
boners," have taken to standing at the 
doors of public houses from 4 P. M. 
until closing hours, urging men not to 

^ ♦£■ +X+ 

In the territory lying between the Miss- 
issippi and Missouri rivers on the east 
and the Pacific ocean on the west, the 
Episcopal church has 10 dioceses, 13 
missionary districts, 22 bishops, 688 
clergy, 1341 parishes and missions, 21 
hospitals and 32 schools. Their com- 
municants number 67,464, and their con- 
tributions amount to $1,200,000. This is 
from their report for 1903. 

4> *■ * 
During the late Boer war copies of the 
Scriptures in fourteen different lan- 
guages were given in one Boer hospital. 

* * * 

The London Missionary Society re- 
ports 1,755 accessions in the China field 
during last year. This shows an en- 
couraging growth in the sentiment in 
favor of Christianity. 

*> $* ♦ 

The Sunday school precedes the 
church as naturally as the twig the tree. 
When a Sunday school has become firm- 
ly and satisfactorily established, a church 
of the same order naturally follows. — 
The Pilgrim S. S. Missionary. 



[January, 1905 

During the year ending Aug. 31, 1904, 
the Visitation and Aid Society of Chi- 
cago placed through the Juvenile court 
744 children into various homes, asylums 
and refuges. It also lent aid and very 
much improved the condition of 1,363 
other children, making a total cared for 
during the year, 2,107. 

■>!&■ ■*$'■ ••$* 

For the first time in the history of the 
British and Foreign Bible Society, their 
total issues of whole Bibles in one year 
for all countries together is over one 
million copies, while the grand total of 
Bibles, New Testaments and portions 
amounts to 5,697,361 copies. Friends of 
China will be thankful to learn that of 
this grand total more than one-fifth were 
issued in China alone. The British and 
Foreign Bible Society's sales in China 
were 18,867 Bibles, 43,282 New Testa- 
-ments, 1,185,146 portions, which together 
make a total of 1,247,495 copies. Adding 
to these the issues of the National Bible 
Society of Scotland, which were 678,974, 
and those of the American Bible Society, 
which amounted to 438,597, there is a 
grand total of 2,365,066 Scriptures circu- 
lated in China last year. — China's Mil- 

*> ♦♦* * 

In the editorial notes of " Woman's 
Work for Woman " the following is giv- 
en in connection with a report on Mrs. 
Bandy's work among the Hindus: "It 
was hard for men of Hindu training to 
sit on the floor on an equality with their 
wives and be taught by a woman, and 
two fellows stood through whole periods 
before yielding. The next step was 
harder: to get husband and wife to eat 
together, but Mrs. Bandy won by seating 
them side by side at her own table. It 
was the women who revolted then, two 
refusing to eat because they could not 
bring themselves to so dishonor their 


* * 41 

" Great men are born," says one, " but 
no man is born great." The same may 

be said of churches. Great churches 
have ordinarily become so through the 
earnest, patient, continual force of at 
least moderately long pastorates of their 
ministers. Not often were' they great 
preachers, but they were always faithful 
and sincere ones. The record stands 
that they left their churches strong, vig- 
orous and rich. They imparted to them 
of their own vitality. Yet of what 
church grown strong and rich can it be 
said, " This church made its founder, or 
its pastor, rich?" The large and strong 
church too often forgets the human 
source of its greatness, and leaves its 
pastor poor. — Annual Report of General 
Congregational Association. 

* ♦> * 

The fact that 86 per cent of the youth- 
ful wrongdoers brought before the juven- 
ile court of New York City are either 
of foreign birth, born abroad or born of 
foreign parentage, is a strong argument 
that one needs not go out of the United 
States to do good foreign mission work. 

4$> *J4 4$» 

The festering plague spots of vice and 
crime of the great cities threaten the 
city and country everywhere. Some 
great speaker once said, " The question 
is not, What shall we do with the street 
rats of our great cities? but what will 
they do with us if we do not seek dili- 
gently to better their conditions and 
training? " Yet in the face of this many 
people simply say, " Stay away; live 
away; do not have anything to do with 
these crime holes and the problems they 

* * * 

Muller's orphanages in England since 
his death have been conducted on the 
same plan as the founder started them, — 
depending upon the Lord for all support 
and asking of no one. During the past 
year $800,000 was received and expended 
in conducting the home. A powerful 
argument this institution is for answered 

January, 1905] 



During the last sixteen years the Vis- 
itation and Aid Society of Chicago, as 
reported in the columns of their inter- 
esting organ, " The Juvenile Court Rec- 
ord," assisted 17,090 children, placed 942 
in homes, and secured transportation for 
1,974. They sent to hospitals for treat- 
ment 2,630 and otherwise helped 44,948. 

* ** ♦ 

Suppose this story should be the one 
which YOUR child was compelled to re- 
peat, — how would you, parent, feel to 
know it? Query of officer of Children's 
Aid Society: Have you either parent? 
A. No. Q. Have you a near friend? A. 
No. Q. What is your home address? 
A. Have no home. Q. Are you em- 
ployed? A. No. Can't find work. Yet 
this in substance was the story of over 
one thousand boys who last year found 
shelter, homes and help through the aid 
of the Children's Aid Society of New 

York City. 

* * * 

A Japanese woman, teacher in the Fer- 
ris Seminary (Reformed Church) in 
Yokohama, has been invited many times 
to leave the seminary and take a better 
position in a government school. They 
offered her ten dollars, and finally 
twenty-two dollars a month salary if 
she would accept. But she stays in the 
missionary school on a salary of seven 
dollars and a half. The reason? She 
could not teach pupils in the other 
school to seek the blessings which she 
herself has found in Jesus Christ. — Ex. 

♦J* ♦♦♦ *J* 

In 1833 three white men from France 
appeared before the great chief, Mo- 
shesh, in Basutoland, with a message 
about a Savior and a gospel. The chief 
compared their message to an egg, and 
said he would wait for it to hatch be- 
fore forming an opinion. The egg has 
hatched. After seventy years there are 
in connection with the Paris Mission, in 
Basutoland, 27 missionaries, and 425 na- 
tive workers, with 22,356 professed 
Christians, of whom 14,950 are communi- 

cants. In the year 1903-04 these Basuto 
Christians gave nearly $20,000 for home 
and foreign missions. — Ex. 

* <$» 4$> 

Less than thirty years ago Stanley 
(1875) gave King Mtesa, of Uganda, his 
first lesson in Christian doctrine. At 
that time there was not a Christian in 
all- Central Africa. This year the Lon- 
don Times in the regular course of its 
news publishes an account of the con- 
secration of the great Christian Cathe- 
dral, built by the Uganda Church, at 
Mengo, which was formerly King Mtesa's 
capital. Ten thousand native Christian 
Ugandans attended the consecration 
services. — Ex. 

A A A 
V *i* V 

Oh, not alone in foreign lands, but in 
our own Christian America are there 
those who are hungering for the gospel, 
who need " some one to start them.'* 
My own experience points to the need 
of consecrated, self-sacrificing men who 
have the common sense to go among 
these people, meeting them on their own 
plane, not as poor people, not as igno- 
rant or uncouth, not as hostile and rare- 
ly as indifferent to the Christian faith, 
but as people who have been so widely 
separated from each other and from 
church and Sunday school that they are 
waiting for " some one to start them." 
— Ingham of Kansas in Pilgrim Mission- 

*l+ *X* * 

The Methodist mission school for boys 
at Rangoon, Burma, has an enrollment of 
270. This is good when it is known that 
the school was opened January 11, 1904. 

*> •> ♦♦♦ 

The Bible is essentially a missionary 
book. Its central figure is the mission- 
ary Christ. Its teachings are dominated 
by a missionary spirit. Its history is 
largely a record of missionary move- 
ments. Missionary history and experi- 
ence furnish for preachers and Bible 
students the richest stores of illustration 
and evidence. — Missionary Intelligencer 



[January, 1905 

The Sudan United Mission is a new- 
British society for evangelizing Moham- 
medans and pagans living between the 
Nile and Niger in Africa. The mission- 
aries will settle among the pagans where 
British control is felt. 

••J* ♦J* •^* 

In the Punjab, India, there are but 
forty families of Brahmin priests where 
formerly there were 360. Their religion 
is waning and the priests can no longer 
make a living. The change is attributed 
to a popular study of the Bible. 

*> *■ * 
The Moravians have 573 stations and 
out stations, 924 European and 5,077 na- 
tive workers, 425,489 converts, 21,542 
baptized in 1903, and 61,280 under in- 
structions for baptism on their various 
mission fields. The receipts for the thir- 
teen different societies that all labor for 
the same church, for 1903 was $1,535,- 


*. + ♦> 

From the estate of James Callahan, of 
Des Moines, Iowa, estimated to be 
$3,000,000, Booker T. Washington's 
school at Tuskegee has been enriched by 
a gift of $100,000. $50,000 was left for a 
home for drunkards and their wives. 
$10,000 was bequeathed to the American 
Peace Society, of Philadelphia. Many 
other institutions were generously re- 

$. ■«$» 4- 

The American Bible Society during the 
year just ended issued 1,770,891 copies 
and parts of the complete Bible. 

H$» <$, % 

Philo W. Drury, United Brethren mis- 
sionary in Porto Rico, after speaking of 
having opened up missions in two new 
districts where over five thousand people 
had not heard the Gospel, says in the 
u Searchlight," " Near by these are other 
districts that we ought to enter, but we 
cannot, because of lack of means and 
workers. Thousands of people are with- 
out religious instruction whatever. It is 

hard, sometimes, to turn our faces home- 
ward, when we know that just a little 
way beyond are those who know noth- 
ing of spiritual joys." 

«8» ♦ *£♦ 

At the close of 1903 there were fifty- 
four schools with 8,444 scholars and 218 
teachers in the Moravian missions in the 
Eastern Province, West Indies. The 
fifty-two Sunday schools have 10,678 
scholars and 626 teachers. 

* *■ * 

The Methodist church has sixty-three 
preaching places in Porto Rico as com- 
pared with thirty-five places reported 
last spring. 

* * * 

In the work around Jugdalpur, South 
India, the missionaries of the Methodist 
church have been obliged to stop bap- 
tizing for a time, in order that they may 
prepare and send out more workers to 
instruct and care for the converts al- 
ready baptized. 

* ♦> ♦> 

At the autumn meetings of the British 
Baptist Union, held at Bristol, over four 
thousand delegates were present. 

■^ ■•$* ■•$•■ 

Suppose you had a dead friend whose 
soul you know is in glory, and a living 
friend whose soul would be lost with- 
out your help. If you had your choice 
which would you do, bring the dead 
friend back to life or save the soul of 
your living friend? Of course you 
would save the soul of your living friend. 
That would be a greater work than rais- 
ing the dead friend. Perhaps the Master 
had this in mind when He said, " Great- 
er works than I do," etc. 

* * * 

Never be discouraged because good 
things get on so slowly here; and never 
fail to do daily that good which lies 
next to your hand. Do not be in a 
hurry, but be diligent. Enter into the 
sublime patience of the Lord. — George 

January, 1905] 



Christianity is not an exotic to be kept 

under glass, but a hardy plant to bear 

twelve manner of fruits in all kinds of 


$ +++ ♦> 

When a pump is often used, the water 
pours out at the first stroke, because 
it is high; but if the pump has not been 
used for a long time, the water gets 
low, and when you want it you must 
pump a long while, and the water comes 
only after great efforts. It is so with 
prayer. If we are often in prayer, every 
little thing awakes the wish to pray, 
and words are always ready; but if we 
neglect prayer, it is difficult for us to 
pray, for the water in the well gets low. 

—Felix Neff. 

* <♦ * 

One day a cab came to the gate of 
Dr. Wilson of the Barclay church, Edin- 
burgh, and took him to see a stranger 
who was dying. " I know all that," the 
stranger said to every text which was 
quoted to him. Dr. Wilson then showed 
him that salvation depended on a living 
faith in the living Savior, and a whole 
faith in the whole Savior. After a pause 
the dying man said, " Oh, I see now; I 
have to do, not with an it, but with a 
He." The best church in the world is 
an it; the truest creed is an it; the Bible 
is an it; the gospel is an it; Christianity 
is an it; Christ is the He. — Children's 
Missionary Magazine of the U. F. C. 
of S. 

*■ * * 

Cholera has been raging in and about 
Tabriz, Persia. The death rate in that 
city has been as high as five hundred 
a day. Five missionaries are giving their 
whole time to caring for the sick. 

* * * 

" I read," says Dr. A. J. Gordon, " the 
report of a serious accident. A man had 
thrust the point of a needle into his eye 
and broken it off. They experimented a 
long time and tried to get hold of it. 
They thought it was a hopeless case, and 
that he must lose the eye. At last a 
physician brought a strong magnet and 

applied it to the eye and drew the steel 
out. The strongest surgical instruments 
could not do this. No hand was skillful 
enough to get hold of it and extract it, 
but the magnet could draw it out. We 
want young men strong enough to act 
as magnets, drawing, not driving, young 
men out of places of danger." 

* *> *X+ 

The failure and ineffectiveness of the 
church in her efforts to evangelize Eu- 
rope or England are to be sought in 
her forgetfulness of her main function, 
which is to evangelize the world. The 
tone and spirit engendered by the great 
renunciation of the primary object of 
the church, the indispensable prelimi- 
nary to all efficiency, is to resume the 
march, to advance the banners, to get 
the host in motion, to recover the watch 
word. If we would have the church 
effective for her simplest work, she must 
be true to her foremost work. She 
must inscribe on her ensigns and write 
on her heart the old word of God, 
" Speak unto her that she go forward." 
What is called the missionary enter- 
prise must be frankly and enthusiastic- 
ally avowed to be her primary concern. 
And whether by church we mean the 
whole body of the faithful throughout 
the world, or the local society of Chris- 
tians in any given place, the church must 
be acknowledged to exist in the first 
instance simply to pass on the message 
of the redemption to the peoples that 
have not known. — Rev. Robert Horton, 
in Lutheran Missionary Journal. 

* *• * . 

It was not only as Christ was parting 
from His disciples on the Mount of 
Ascension that He had the vision of a 
redeemed world and sent them out to 
preach to the uttermost parts of it. At 
the beginning of His ministry, in His 
Sermon on the Mount, He told His dis- 
ciples that they were to be the light 
of the world, the salt of the earth. 
Missions are part of Christ's determined 
plan for His church. — Lutheran Mission- 
ary Journal. 

4 2 


[January, 1905 

If you are not in pressing want give 
something, and you will be no poorer 
for it. Grudge not, fear not; lend unto 
the Lord, and he will surely repay. 
Give in proportion to your substance. 
Open your eyes, your heart, your hand. 

*• +X+ ■♦• 
One beneficent outcome of the recent 
gathering of Sunday-school workers 
from the United States and England in 
Jerusalem, representing most of the di- 
visions of the Protestant branch of the 
church, has been its testimony to Mos- 
lems, Jews, and Greeks that there is 
essential unity among Protestants; and 
that the old stock argument against 
Protestantism, based on its divisions, is 
losing force. — Congregationalist. 

♦> <fr ♦*♦ 
The unequal contest between Islam 
and Christianity • is progressing very 
slowly in Palestine. The missionaries 
are at times somewhat discouraged, but 
one of them writes: "The belief grows 
upon me that the Moslem world is ask- 
ing, not for historical proof only of the 
claims of the Christian religion — not a 
few are satisfied on that score — but for 
spiritual proof — i. e., living, present-day 
proof, evidenced by the transformed 
lives, of Christians." 

* * * 

The Foreign Missionary Society of the 
Christian church has had but three pres- 
idents: Isaac Errett, 1875-1888; Charles 
Louis Loos, 1889-1900; and A. McLean, 
1900 and still in office. 

* * * 

In 1854 Mrs. Nevius, the young bride 
of John L. Nevius, reached Nimgpoo, 
China, as a missionary under the Pres- 
byterian church. She labored faithfully 
through all these fifty years, aiding her 
husband in translations of tracts and do- 
ing much other valuable work for the 
mission. Perhaps one of her greatest 
services to the church, however, was, 
when weakened in health, she refused 
to go to her home in America and 

thus call her husband from the field of 
service. It was personal sacrifice, but 
she endured the years with patience and 
her later years have been blessed with 
health and many avenues through which 
to make herself exceptionally useful. 

*> <+ * 

The Kaffir of India betrays little fear 
of lightning, and yet, let anything be 
struck by lightning and nothing will in- 
duce him to touch it witlu his hands. 
When the matter is ferreted out, the idea 
back of this attitude is rather a beauti- 
ful one, for he says, " Our hands are 
not clean enough to touch what the Al- 
mighty has touched." 

♦ * * 

In connection with the Protestant col- 
lege at Ras-Beirut, the Presbyterians will 
shortly open a hospital for women, an- 
other for children and a training school 
for nurses. Mrs. Gerald F. Dale, Jr., 
widely known for her power and influ- 
ence among the societies of the church, 
has been appointed superintendent of the 


* * ♦ 

Rev. Samuel Dyer said, " If I thought 
anything could prevent my dying for 
China, the thought would crush me." 
When asked what he thought of China, 
looking at it from the gates of the 
grave, he replied, " Oh, my heart is big 
to the overflow, it swells, and enlarges, 
and expands, and is nigh unto bursting.'' 

Oh, China, when I think of thee, 

I wish for pinions of a dove, 
And sigh to be so far away, 

So distant from the land I love! 
— The Missionary Outlook. 
♦> * & 

"Ele-Aza " is the cry of the boatmen 
on the Upper Nile. The Rev. LI. H. 
Gwynne ascertained that it was origin- 
ally " Eloi-Jesa," i. e., " Lord Jesus," 
and these boatmen have thus uncon- 
sciously witnessed to the ancient Chris- 
tianity of the Soudan, as far as Khar- 
toum and beyond, for a thousand years. 

January, 1905] 



A man of a commercial race, a stran- 
ger and not a Christian, recently brought 
a considerable sum of money to a mis- 
sionary for safe keeping. The mission- 
ary gave him a receipt. " What is 
that?" inquired the man. "A receipt 
stating that I have to-day received this 
money from you," said the missionary. 
The man immediately asked, " You have 
the money all right, haven't you?" 
" Yes," said the missionary. " You are 
a missionary, are you not?" "I am," 
replied the missionary. " Then what do 
I want of this paper?" asked the man 
as he tore up the receipt and threw it 
upon the floor. — Secretary Barton, in 
Missionary Review. 

♦fr 4* *!♦ 

" Imagine the long northern twilight 
settling down over the Labrador ice and 
snow and wind and ' barren ' — a land 
dedicated from immemorial time to the 
survival of the fittest, where the wolf 
kills the weakest of the caribou Herd and 
famine is never very far distant from the 
weaker man. Here and there, at the 
heads of frozen bays, some settlers' huts 
— miles and miles apart. Never a made 
road in the whole country. What is a 
man, woman or child, wounded in mind 
or body, to do in such a country as that? 
I remember asking a settler what he 
would do if he fell ill. ' I should go to 
the missionaries or they would come to 
me/ he answered. And in that answer 
is summed up, I think, one side of the 
work in the Labrador missions. They 
form cities of refuge, built upon the 
rim of that great gaunt and desolate lev- 
el, their very presence robbing the long 
winter of half its terrors — resthouses up- 
on the road of life as well as to the other 
road— to Jesus Christ, to which these 
heroes point the way." — H. Hesketh 

♦•> «*» 4f 

The old hymn truly says, "Jesus shall 
reign wher'er the sun does his suc- 
cessive journeys run." He will reign 
whether you or I do anything to further 
His kingdom or not. But how ashamed 

we will be if His kingdom comes and 
we have had no hand in its coming! — 
Lutheran Missionary Journal. 
*$» ■•$•• ••$* 

Two items from the Madura Mission, 
(American Board), South India: (1) 
Dr. Van Allen was debating whether to 
attempt to convey Christian truth to a 
very weak and densely heathen patient 
in the hospital, when the patient sur- 
prised him by opening conversation. 
"When did you hear about Christ?" 
asked the doctor. " Why," said the man 
with a wave of his hand, " the whole 
world knows about Him." (2) One sta- 
tion, in connection with which there are 
eighty-one regular congregations, thus 
accounts for the newest of these: "It 
came to us last year, made up entirely 
of the robber caste. This year they have 
assisted in building a church and are 
regular worshipers, their women and 
children also coming. Once the worst 
people of the entire region, now none 
are more orderly and quiet. The trans- 
formation in their lives is marvelous." 
— Woman's Work for Woman. 

4» ♦*♦ 4> 

Some idea of the need of missionaries 
to-day is gained by a reference to one 
particular district toward Central Africa. 
Commercial enterprise is piercing the 
dark continent everywhere with rail- 
way and steamship lines. Commerce is 
the key that unlocks many doors. The 
Africa Inland Mission has marked for 
its advance a line covering nearly a 
thousand miles. Over one hundred new 
workers, at least, are required there. 
But what Board would consider it? No 
more pathetic appeal could be made for 
Africa than was made by Bishop Hart- 
zell at the Los Angeles Conference. 
When will the Christian church be awak- 
ened to a sense of its present obliga- 
tion toward the dark places of the 


*■ *■ * 

Last year the missionary board of the 
Congregational church disbursed $780,- 



The Little Missionary. 

The boys and girls of to-day are the men and women of to-morrow. Because of 
this the Visitor shall hereafter seek not only to inspire grown people to more active 
service for Christ, but by setting apart these pages it hopes to interest the children 
and help them to lay the ground work for still better work for Jesus than is done 

Let older people who see these pages call the attention of the little ones about 
them to this part of the Visitor. Then it is hoped they will ever afterwards seek to 
read these columns. 


What are you doing, little birds 
That sing so blithe and gay, 

To help the dear old world along? 
You only seem to play. 

" We carry seeds," the wise birds said, 
" And drop them here and there, 

And eat the insects that would harm 
The trees and flowers fair; 

Then, too, we sing a song of praise 

To God our Maker true; 
Pray do you always thank the Lord 

For what he does for you?" 

What use are you, old maple tree? 

You're only in the way, 
How can you help the world along 

By living there, I pray? 

" The birds hang up their pretty nests 

Within my branches high, 
The zephyrs rock them to and fro, 

And sing a lullaby. 

I shelter man and beast as well, 
From sun and driving rain," 

Thus spoke the shining maple tree, 
" Now have I made it plain? " 

Then murmured low the waving grain, 

" Our part we try to do, 
Are you as faithful, little child? " 

Pray of what use are you?" 

* *• * 

" I cannot do much," said a little star, 
" To make this dark world bright; 

My silvery beams cannot pierce afar 
Into the gloom of night; 

Yet I am a part of God's great plan, 

And so I will do the best that I can." 

" What can be the use," said a fleecy cloud, 
" Of these few drops that I hold? 

They will hardly bend the lily proud, 
If caught in her chalice of gold; 

But I too am a part of God's great plan, 

So my treasures I'll give as well as I can." 

A child went merrily forth to play, 
But a thought, like a silver thread, 

Kept winding in and out all day 
Through the happy golden head — 

Mother said, " Darling, do all that you can, 

For you are a part of God's great plan." 

She knew no more than the twinkling star, 

Or the cloud with its rain-cupful, 
How, why, or for what all strange things 
are — 
She was only a child at school. 
But she thought, " 'Tis a part of God's 

great plan 
That even I should do all that I can." 

So she helped another child along, 

When the way was rough to his feet; 

She sang from her heart a little song 
That we all thought wondrous sweet; 

And her father — a weary, toil-worn man — 

Said, " I too will do the best that I can." 
— Margaret E. Sangster. 

*• <♦ ^ 

Only a drop in the bucket, 

But every drop will tell; 
The bucket would soon be empty 

Without the drops in the well 

Only a poor little penny; 

It was all I had to give; 
But as pennies make the dollars, 

It may help some cause to live. 

A few little bits of ribbon 

And some toys; they were .not new; 
But they made the sick child happy, 

Which has made me happy, too, 

Only some outgrown garments; 

They were all I had to spare; 
But they'll help to clothe the needy, 

And the poor are everywhere. 

God loveth the cheerful giver, 

Though the gift be poor and small; 

What does he think of his children 
When they never give at all? 

— Exchange. 

January, 1905] 




Study it carfully, 

Think of it prayerfully 
'Till in thy heart its precepts dwell. 

Slight not its history; 

Ponder its mystery; 
None can e'er prize it too fondly or well. 

Accept the glad tidings, 
The warnings and chidings, 

Found in this volume of heavenly lore. 
With faith that's unfailing, 
And love all prevailing, 

Trust in its promise of life evermore. 

May this message of love, 
From the Father above, 
Unto all nations and kindreds be given; 
Till the ransomed shall raise 
Joyous anthems of praise, 
Hallelujahs in earth and in heaven. 

— Selected. 
♦> * '<& 


Sung* to the tune — " America." 

God save our India, 
Make her a shining star 

In Jesus' crown, 
Redeemed by precious blood 
From sin's oppressive rod 
Low at the feet of God 

May she bow down. 

Throughout her wide domains 
Where moral darkness reigns 

Let light now shine, 
Hindu, Mohammedan, 
Blended in union, 
The name of Jesus own 

Savior divine. 

* To every British heart 
A burning zeal impart 

The truth to spread, 
That as the Empire grows, 
Triumphant over foes, 
All may obey the laws, 

Of Christ our Head. 

Lord, bring thy kingdom in, 
Dethroning woe and sin, 

Thy will be done. 
Judge of the widow, Thou, 
Thine ear in pity bow, 
Oh save the afflicted now, 

The lost and lone. 

Rise and assert thy power, 
Hurl Satan down this hour, 

From his high place, 
Brahm, Vishnu, Siva, all, 
False gods whose names appall, 
Like Dagan, make them fall 

Before thy feet. 

Then this fair land shall be 
A kingdom worthy Thee 

Who mad'st it fair, 
Its myriad children, 
In garments white and clean, 
With us shall enter in, 

Our home to share. 

& ♦♦* * 

For mite-box gathering. 
Sing a song of pennies — 

Did you hear them fall 
In the little mite-box, 

Shining ones and all? 
When the box was opened 

They all began to sing; 
" Let us carry far and wide 

A message from the King." 

Many little children 

Need a helping hand, 
Lonely little people 

In our own dear land. 
Long have they been waiting 

A message from above. 
All the pennies help to tell 
The story full of love. 
— Adapted from Over Sea and Land. 
* 4> * 

One of the most curious customs of 
the Laplanders is the manner of taking 
the babies to church, described in the 
Ram's Horn. The mothers go regular- 
ly, even when they have wee, tiny babies. 
Sometimes they ride ten or fifteen miles 
in a sleigh drawn by a reindeer. They 
all have warm clothes on, the baby in 
particular. Often it is wrapped in bear- 
skins. As soon as the family arrives at 
the little church and the reindeer is se- 
cured, Father Lapp shovels out a bed 
of snow and Mother Lapp wraps baby 
snugly in skins and lays it down there. 
Then Father Lapp piles the snow all 
around it and the parents go into the 
church. Over 20 or 30 of these babies 
lie out there in the snow. The little 
ones are not strong enough to knock the 
snow aside and get away, so they just 
lie still and go to sleep. When church 
is out the father goes to the spot, puts 
his hands down into the snow and pulls 
the baby out and shakes off the snow; 
then the reindeer trots off and takes 
them all home again. 

4 6 


[January, 1905 


By J. F. Atkinson, Supt. of Chicago 
Boys' Club. 

Look at that little weazened, half- 
starved girl of ten or a dozen summers 
down there at the foot of the stairway- 

has wheeled him to our club room door. 
But another figure appears upon the 
scene, a little " brudder " who tenderly 
lifts Baby Ragamuffin out of the cab and 
toils with him up two flights of stairs to 
the room for games and reading; and 
because the Boys' Club has no room for 
girl waifs, this neglected little " mother," 
with her pathetic, womanish face, but 

This is a typical back yard in the slum district of Chicago. How is it possible 
for boys and girls amidst such surroundings to grow up pure, clean and noble? 

leading to the Chicago Boys' Club. Her 
hair is disheveled, her clothing is tat- 
tered and torn, her worn-out shoes but 
partially protect her feet from the stone 
pavement, her hands and face are grimy 
with the dust of the street. Poor little 
atom amidst the mighty throng of State 
Street. Herself in sore need of a pro- 
tector, she is, on the contrary, standing 
guard over a restless little bundle in the 
baby cab — a child about two and a half 
or three years of age, evidently brother 
to the weazened little " mother " who 

with a noble, self-sacrificing heart, stands 
guard for nearly two hours over a bat- 
tered old baby cab — once doubtless the 
outing-rig of some more fortunate child 
and rescued for its present use from the 
city dump. 

But while she bravely and patiently 
waits there at the foot of the stairs, the 
other two have entered the warm, well- 
lighted room. " Little Brudder," other- 
wise known as " Rooster," takes hat and 
baby over to the checking desk, thinking 
to check them both and leave them with 

January, 1905] 



the matron until club hours are over. 
To " Rooster " this checking business is 
the most serious and the most compli- 
cated affair that has come up in his busi- 
ness career. Hanging up one's hat! 
The idea! What's the use of it? Why 
lots of " de guys " sleep in theirs. But 
here they are, a long lane of " de 
guys " in front of the iron screen 
in the reading room, deliberately 
surrendering their precious hats, or what 
is left of them, to the kind matron. If 


Bishop Frank W. Warne, of India, 
gives the following account of his early 
missionary experience: 

I was but a boy in Canada, and when 
the annual missionary meeting was held 
and the collection was about to be tak- 
en, the preacher said: "I want every 
person in the house, including boys and 
girls, to subscribe something, no matter 
how small, and two months will be 

One of the work rooms in the Chicago Boys' club where boy.s from the slums are 
taken in, cleaned and taught useful trades, and at the same time the Gospel told them. 
Your editor himself went through these rooms and was glad for what he saw in 
child saving and soulsaving. 

hats were safe with her, why not babies? 
Yes, surely babies; and this baby with 
his rigid, solemn face felt it. He gave 
Mrs. Atkinson an appealing look that 
went straight to her heart. She gave 
the child a set of building blocks, taught 
him. how to use them; and so in a quiet 
corner of the room he played, to all ap- 
pearances, the first game of his life; and 
as he played a new light came into his 
face, the light of innocent baby joy. 

So while these two ragamuffins and 
" Rooster," enjoy their innocent games 
up here in the pleasant Club rooms, little 
" mother " patiently waits down there at 
the foot of the stairway. 

given in which to pay the subscriptions." 
The collectors came down the aisle with 
a slip of paper, and the people wrote 
their names on the paper. I had never 
subscribed to anything, but I decided I 
would subscribe one dollar, and when it 
came to me I took the paper and wrote 
my name, promising to give that amount. 
I was very much excited and began at 
once to plan how I should earn the 
money. I saved pocket-money, ran er- 
rands, found eggs, and, as it seemed to 
me, long before the time I had my dol- 
lar ready, and wished either that the col- 
lector would hurry up or that I had 
subscribed more. I got so much pleas- 
ure and profit out of that subscription 
that I have been giving ever since, and 
at last I gave myself. 


From the Field. 

Christian Krabill and wife, Rebecca, of 
Edgerton, Ohio, have a Practical way 
of Showing their Sympathy for the 
Work in India. 

To the Missionary Committee: — 

The Committee certainly deserves 
credit for giving to the Brotherhood 
such a good, clear, inspiring paper as 
the Missionary Visitor. Especially is 
the December number full of just such 
good things as the Brotherhood needs to 
spur them to greater activity. After 
reading what Brother Yeremian said 
about patients lying on the ground all 
night and the aching bones and tired 
backs, I thought of my good bed and 
how much I enjoy it. I could not help 
but praise God for the many comforts 
we have. And as a Christian wants to 
share with the less favored, here is three 
dollars. Please send it to Brother Yere- 
mian to get a bed for his poor, afflicted 
patients. May Zion's good be kept in 

**♦ *fc ♦*♦ 

L. H. Eby, of Ft. Wayne, Ind., Speaks 
Appreciatively of the Improvements 
in the Visitor: — 

Missionary Visitor for December just 

arrived, brimful as always, and it seems 

the brim is • still getting larger and the 

paper better all the while. May it help 

many in the mission work at home and 


■*• & ♦*♦ 

J. G. Royer, of Mt. Morris, 111., Urges 
Better Workers for the Home 

After giving nearly all of the past 
summer and autumn to churches in 
North Dakota, Oklahoma and Colorado 
— churches, so to speak, on the frontier, 
I am more than ever impressed with the 
need of more and better qualified work- 
ers along the frontier lines of the home 

field. Scores and scores who under- 
stand the needs of the work and know 
how to meet those needs would be wel- 
comed. -It seems to me this phase of 
mission work should receive our im- 
mediate attention. 

* *■ *• 

Brother D. B. Eby, of Sunnyside, Wash., 
Wishes to Correct a Statement in the 
Last Visitor and thus Writes: — 

" In the November Visitor I see you 
have .me saying that our board met in 
Portland, Oregon, to look over the city 
with a view of starting a mission in 
Missoula. Mont. It should read, with a 
view of starting a mission in Portland. 
A mission in Missoula, Montana, is also 
under contemplation, but must be de- 
ferred for the present. 

" The Visitor is growing in favor 
among our members." 

* * * 

At Canton (O.) Bible Institute Sylvia L. 
Cripe Reports that the Mission Band 
is Doing Good Work: — 

The spirit of missions is invading ev- 
ery heart in the Institute; and what is 
more encouraging still, at a members' 
meeting held last week the church asked 
for a report of the intentions and work 
of the society, and requested that she 
might keep herself posted as to the 
movements of the Band. It is encour- 
aging, indeed, when the church stands 
as a unit for the spreading of the borders 
of the kingdom. 

Our Missionary Society is active and 
we much enjoy the study of " Modern 
Apostles." Valuable lessons can be 
gleaned from the life of Hans Egede, 
one of which we want to make a part 
of our experience — that a noble effort 

Dec. 4, four of our Band, brethren J. 
E. Ulery and W. D. Keller, Sister Cora 
Hostettler and self constituted the num- 

January, 1905] 



ber who answered the call to go to the 
Freeburg congregation. Two programs 
were rendered. In the morning the sub- 
jects discussed were, "What Lack We 
Yet?" "Our Duty to the Philippines," 
" An Invitation to Worship in God's 
House" — 2 Chron. 30: 1-11; also an ex- 
cellent reading was given. In the even- 
ing the time was used in contemplation 
of the themes, "What the Church 
Should Accomplish in this Generation," 
"Will a Man Rob God?" "China, an 
Open Door," and " Christian Giving." 

Excellent attendance and attention 
were given. An offering of $26.42 was 
taken at the close of the evening ses- 
sion. It was turned over entire to the 
Band to be used in the work of salva- 
tion. May many hearts be opened for 
the planting of the precious Word. 
What we need next to working up a 
missionary spirit is to work it down deep 
into our hearts — there will then be no 
question as to ways and means of work- 

May the missionary societies each one 
be blessed by the direction of the Holy 
Spirit and be used mightily for the sal- 
vation of souls. 

*• * * 

At Bridgewater College (Va.) the Mis- 
sionary Meeting has been Making 
Some Interesting Excursions, Report- 
ed Herein. 

" Wonder why the Visitor doesn't 
come," " Where is the Visitor? " shows 
that some hearts anxiously await its 
coming. Because, like Grandma's bas- 
ket, it is always full of good things. 
Just got it to-day and wanted to read 
every bit of it before I laid it down. 
I've got some of it. Get the rest later. 

We are aiming to think more, more, 
more, talk more, read more, pray more, 
for missions, which means live more for 
missions. We want to live close to 
Christ, Paul, Carey, Judson, and be hap- 

Some weeks ago we were much en- 
couraged by three addresses by Dr. For- 
est, for some time an instructor in the 

University of Calcutta in Biblical sub- 
jects, but now gives Biblical lectures at 
the University of Virginia. His address- 
es were on " India's Hurt," " Amos, the 
Shepherd Prophet," and the " Literature 
of the Bible." They were unusually fine 
and we hope the Missionary Society 
will give us another similar treat ere 

In our mission meetings we have been 
taking some interesting excursions. 
One of the most interesting was our visit 
to the St. Louis fair. Our leaders told 
us to think of this: "The children of 
this world in their generation are wiser 
than the children of light " — as we 
looked at the marvellous skill and en- 
ergy, and wisdom, patience, knowledge, 
40 millions, etc., that was before us. 
My, what thoughts came! Another night 
we went to Borneo and all came back 
with our heads. Had we been there 
years ago we might have been found by 
the " head hunters," and a swish of a 
long knife and a head rolling on the 
earth would have warned us to flee. 
Praise God for missions! 

A library committee is actively work- 
ing to make an addition of forty or fifty 
of the latest and best books on missions. 

The Mission Band is arranging to 
study " New Testament Studies in Mis- 
sions," by Harlan P. Beach. Thus the 
good work goes on. May it be directed 
by God. May we permit him to use us 
to make the world better and happier 
and help many souls to say, " What 
must we do to be saved? " 

Win. K. Conner. 

* *• * 


We write these lines as the old year 
dies, and the new year comes in view. 
We look back long enough to review the 
past for profit, and look forward with 
new zeal. The past has not been 
all we wished, but there is a marked 
degree of success over former years. 

— Much faithful study and hard work 



[January, 1905 

has been done, to profit. Each year we 
are, by God's grace, able to cope with 
harder problems, and as the days go by 
we see a steady, healthy growth in the 
Lord's work at this place. We as a 
" Brooklyn Mission Church " have much 
to be thankful for. The Lord has done 
great things for us. In the past year 
two of our members have been called 
" up higher," but this has only drawn us 
closer to Him who doeth all things well. 
Twenty have been added to the Lord in 
baptism. Our membership is more spir- 
itual than in past years. More and more 
we see " the love of God " manifested 
amongst us, which sees the worst in 
man, yet bids him hope and brings out 
the best in him. 

— Quickened by the thought that we 
have less days to work, we enter upon 
1905 with renewed spirit, hopeful of en- 
couraging results. To look back, and 
say, " We have nothing to regret," is to 
look with a very imperfect vision. Re- 
gret is a step toward wisdom, and to 
be more wise means new strength for 
better work. It is not what we were, 
that we are responsible for to-day, but 
what we are now, and what our possi- 
bilities are of being to-morrow. How 
grateful we should be for the privilege 
of each year growing better, and more 
efficient in the work of the Lord. 

— Would not this little sermon be 
helpful, as we begin 1905? " Be always 
displeased at what thou art, if thou de- 
sirest to attain to what thou art not; 
for where thou pleasest thyself, there 
thou remainest." How true! 

" Trust no Future, howe'er pleasant, 
Act — act in the living present." 

— This is what our dear Brethren are 
doing up in Canada. Here is a letter 
from the Fairview church: 

Dear Brooklyn Workers: — 

We number about fifty-five members 
in this Fairview congregation in Can- 
ada, and we are active in building up 
the cause here, but desire a share in 
helping the good work along in Brook- 

lyn, New York. So please find enclosed 
$5.65 towards your much-needed new 
church. Yours Fraternally, 

D. Warren Shock, Clerk. 

The following has been sent us, to- 
ward the Brooklyn church fund, since 
our last report: 

Arizona. — Glendale church, per Wm. 
Weigold, $6.25. 

Indiana. — Muncie S. S., per Geo. L. 
Studebaker, $6.70; Buck Creek, $6.69; 
Elizabeth Robbison, $3.50. 

Illinois.— Pine Creek, $4.25. 

Maryland. — Brownsville church, per 
G. Fouch, $19.00; Pleasant View, per D. 
Ausherman, $22.33. 

New York. — Brooklyn Sunday School 
" birthday bank," $7.00; J. Kurtz Miller's 
class, $5.00; Sister Hood, $5.00. 

Ohio. — Maple Grove, per Clara Beegh- 
ly, $17.62; David Byerly and wife, $5.00; 
North Star church, $5.00. 

Pennsylvania. — Waynesboro church, 
$13.00; Roaring Springs, $6.65. 

Oklahoma.— Big Creek church, $9.25. 

Washington, D. C— Mary K. Flohr, 
$1.00. Yours in His Service, 

J. Kurtz Miller. 

5901 3rd Ave, Brooklyn, N.-Y. 

A. W. Vaniman, of Malmo, Sweden, 
Gives Interesting Comments on 
Christian Life in his Field: — 

We were agreeably surprised a day or 
two ago, when we opened a wrapper 
containing some mail, to see such an 
improvement in the cover of the Visit- 
or. The illustration on the first page 
with its title indicates plainly that some 
father and mother are saying farewell to 
some one or more that they love, and 
that some are saying farewell to the dear 
home, perhaps no more to see it on this 
earth. When I see the old father in 
the picture it carries my mind back to 
the time when we said farewell to a 
father and mother in Lincoln, Nebraska, 
they to return to their home and we to 
come to this, to us, foreign land. Since 
that time the dear father has gone to 

January, 1905] 



his reward, and we know we shall no 
more meet here below. When Paul told 
the elders at Ephesus that they should 
not see his face any more, their tears 
flowed freely on that account. Such 
tears are no disgrace but make the heart 
better for their presence. 

But how little we know about the fu- 
ture is so clearly shown by the fact that 
one or two of the persons who intended 
to go to India were hindered. The one by 
the cold hand of death, which stepped 
in at an unexpected time to sever the 
silken cord. We stand in awe and won- 
der why the Ruler of the universe should 
frustrate such noble plans in a young 
life. But O, how sweet to know that 
all is for the best for those who love 
God. It is an inspiring thought that 
God may have a higher and nobler work 
for our dear brother than if he had 
reached the land which he longed to 

The biographies of the missionaries in- 
dicate that they are a consecrated band 
and we have reason to expect that the 
Lord will carry out a good work through 
them and those who are now in the 

To-day, Nov. 10, is the day when peo- 
ple in Sweden eat goose as the Amer- 
icans eat turkey on Thanksgiving. This 
is in commemoration of Martin Luther's 
birth. The religion of this country is 
Lutheran and the people revere Luther, 
the father of the Reformation. But the 
large majority here have as little thought 
of the real significance of the day as is 
the case in America on Thanksgiving 
day. This country, as well as the other 
countries of Europe, was Catholic be- 
fore Luther's time, and many churches 
are still standing that were built by the 
Catholics. When the country became 
Protestant and the state religion became 
Lutheran these churches as a matter of 
course became the property of the 
Protestants, and are owned by the gov- 
ernment. Churches are about as plenti- 
ful over the country as schoolhouses in 
America. But in many places the peo- 

ple do not attend the services to a great 
extent. In the most places many people 
are very much afraid of any new doc- 
trine, they are afraid they will be led 
astray. The priests do all they can to 
increase that feeling. Even a Methodist 
minister told me a few days ago that he 
tells people to throw in the fire all tracts 
that are carried about by strangers. 
Many places where one attempts to give 
people tracts they refuse them. They 
do not want to know anything different 
from what they already have. But there 
are some who are willing to learn some- 
thing new, and will gladly accept such 
literature c.s is offered them. 

I read in a religious paper a few days 
ago that " God does not contemplate the 
salvation of the world now, but to take 
out a people for His name." Is that 
true? The results of Christian work 
would almost seem to indicate some- 
thing like that. If true, then one need 
not be discouraged if a very few do 
accept Christ. But we are so constitut- 
ed that we want to see many come to 
the Lord. Experience teaches that get- 
ting people into the fold is only a small 
part of our work in the Christian life. 
The sheep and lambs need to be fed and 
nurtured. Some persons are qualified to 
go out and seek the lost while others 
are better fitted to feed them and keep 
them in a healthy condition. It is good 
when each is willing to work in his 


••£♦ ■»£♦ ^* 

S. P. Berkebile Writing from Cairo, 
Nov. 19, Tells of the Interesting Ride 
through Palestine: — 

Dear Brother: — 

We have been enjoying our trip very 
well all the way, but we could not ex- 
pect it to be otherwise with the noble 
traveling companions that we have. 

Our horseback ride through Palestine 
was very tiresome, but we were well re- 
paid for the effort. I do not think that 
one can measure the value of a trip of 
this kind, because the knowledge thus 
gained can always be used. The manner 



[January, 1905 

in which we traveled gave us an oppor- 
tunity to see the home life of the people. 
It is surprising how the people of Pales- 
tine cling to the old costumes and cus- 
toms. Mrs. Berkebile stood the trip re- 
markably well and with less complain- 
ing than the men,, myself, of course, in- 
cluded. The visit about Jerusalem was 
exceedingly interesting to us. And it 
seems with Bro. D. L. it becomes more 
and more interesting with each visit; he 
is an excellent guide about the city. 
We had a fine boat ride on the sea of 
Galilee. I do not know whether Bro. 
D. L. told you of our swim in the Dead 
Sea or not, but he enjoyed it with us 
like a boy; he said it made him feel 
young again. 

The visit to Hebron was rather dis- 
appointing, as I had counted on seeing 
the cave of Machpelah, but, as you no 
doubt know, the Mohammedans have 
covered it over with a large' mosque, so 
all a person can see is a hole in a stone 
wall. Jaffa is a very interesting place 
for a short stay, but of course there is 
not the interesting history connected 
with it that there is about Jerusalem. 
We visited the house where it is thought 
that Simon the tanner once lived, not 
the same house, but the same site. 

This morning we visited the museum 
of antiquities. It is wonderful to look 
into the faces of people pretty well pre- 
served, who lived in the time of Moses 
and since. The mummy of the Pharaoh 
of the Exodus is now in the museum. 
You know a great many people thought 
he had been drowned in the Red Sea, 
but this has now upset that theory. 
Mummified alligators, cats, dogs, 
fowls, etc., well preserved skeletons of 
the sacred oxen and old funeral books 
are to be seen in the museum. 

Bro. W. R. Miller is expected to ar- 
rive here to-day, then we want to visit 
the pyramids. 

The time is now nearing when we will 
meet the rest of the missionary band. 
We are anxiously awaiting that time. 
We wished when we reached Port Said 

that our boat had been there and that 
we could have got on at once and sailed 
for India. We are anxious to settle 
down and go to work at the language. 
There will be one place not filled in our 
company that causes sadness in our 
hearts. We shall only meet Bro. Swi- 
gart when life's battles have been fought 
and, we trust, gloriously won. 
From your co-laborer in Christ. 

Steven Berkebile. 

* * *■ 

Gertrude A. Rowland, Writing Under 
Date Nov. 21, 1904, from Messina, en- 
route to India, Says, 
Dear Brother: — 

We were here over night and until 
noon to-day. It is now about 9 A. M. 
They are loading our boat. All of our 
party are well and happy and are going 
on our way rejoicing. I am so thankful 
I am going too. We left Naples Sunday 
morning at 4 A. M. Hope all is well 

in America. 

* * * 

Adam Ebey,.of Dahanu, India, Tells of 
his Tent Work. India Will be a 
Christian Nation: — 

My Dear Brother:— 

You have not heard from me for some 
time, I know, but I have been busy 
most of the time. If it is not one thing 
it is another. 

I am out in the tent about seven miles 
from home. It is fine in some ways, 
and in some it is not. At the close of 
this month I want to give you a synop- 
sis or outline of the month's work. I 
shall only write in a general way to-day. 

This is the season of the Hindu New 
Year, Divalli. Diva means a light, Vali 
is " having." So we have " having 
lights" and it is a beautiful sight to see 
the little lights in the houses, in the 
paths, in the wells, and various places. 
Every person who can, gets at least one 
new piece of clothing. While there are 
some beautiful customs connected with 
this holiday season, there are others not 
so desirable. It is a time when much 

January, 1905] 



liquor is drunk by the lower castes. 
Then the music and yelling! It makes 
one tired! But I guess it is no worse 
than some of the things done in Amer- 

Our work: We go from village to vil- 
lage, talk to the people, sell Gospels and 
books and invite the sick people to the 
tent to get medicines. Yesterday I had 
sixty-three patients. 

The work looks encouraging. We 
have no converts yet, it is true, but we • 
are leading the people towards Christ, 
that I feel, that I know. Nearly every 
one among the common classes admits 
that there is nothing in jdols. The cus- 
tom is worshiped more than the idols. 
" Our fathers did so. We are fools, but 
what can we do?" Thus they admit. 
They have asked their gods for rain. 
The gods have failed. Oh, for more 
seed sowers. Custom binds the people. 
" If I break caste, where can I sleep, 
where can I eat, and where can I get 
work?" The missionary can only an- 
swer, " God will find a way." But their 
gods have failed them, and how can they 
trust in another? We dare not, cannot 
promise them work or food. The mo- 
ment they turn to Christ they are out- 
casted and the high caste man whose 
heart is harder than stone, will turn 
them away. Where can they get land 
to farm? There are great problems to 
meet, but we have faith that God's 
Word will prevail. India will be a Chris- 
tian nation. 

Now, I should like to tell you a great 
many things, but I cannot now. It is 
hard to write sitting native fashion. I 
have not yet learned to be comfortable 
without table, chair, bed and some other 
necessities. I get along as simply as I 
can, because it is expensive to be out 
tenting where one is in a famine district 
and everything is dear. Practically no 
rice, no grain has ripened here. People 
will suffer unless they get help. Water 
will be scarce. The rivers are as low as 
they should be just before the rainy 

We take along with us the most nec- 
essary things, one cart load. Hence, the 
earth is my table, my chair, and my bed. 
It goes a little hard, but still it is noth- 
ing, nothing at all in comparison with 
what Jesus did. I wish I could go 
around among the people like He did! 
If not, then like Paul did. God help me 
to do a little. Pray that the Holy Spirit 
may open the way and lead the people. 

To-day is Alice's birthday. She ex- 
pects to come out this forenoon and stay 
until the evening train. The babies 
want to see papa and the tent. The sea 
is beautiful here. But 1 must close. 
God bless all to His glory. 

Yours fraternally, 

Nov. 11, 1904. Adam Ebey. 

* * * 

Sadie J. Miller with Mary Quinter Takes 
a Trip to an Alliance Meeting and 
Reports their Journey: — 
Dear Brother: — 

You will see by the above that I am 
not at home. Mary Q. and I came 
to this place yesterday morning, where 
the Christian Alliance people are locat- 
ed and where they are having a con- 
vention. They have been organized 
about twelve years in India and have 
about eighty missionaries, of which 
about sixty are present here. There are 
twenty-three other " Missy Sahibs " in 
this same room. All of them belong to 
the Christian Alliance but one other lady 
besides Mary and myself. Their work is 
in Gujerat and Marathi district the same 
as ours. 

Last evening we listened to a splen- 
did sermon by the Rev. Wallas from 
South India. He is a Scotchman, and 
gave such a practical, spiritual discourse. 
I think he is not an Alliance, however, 
but more educated than most of their 

Among the " Missy Sahibs " is a Miss 
Becker who comes from Pennsylvania, 
the same county in which Sister McCann 
was raised. 

Another lady, Miss Fanny Hoffman, 
who comes from McPherson, Kans., is 



[January, 1905 

well acquainted with the Eby's who are 
now on the way and will soon join us 
■on this side in the work. She speaks 
very kindly of the young people in the 
work there. She is related in some way 
to the Trostle's in Nebraska. 

We are occupying half of a large 
churchhouse. The other half is where 
the services are held, so we have not far 
to go. 

Nov. 4. Last evening Mary and I had 
the privilege of going to Karia, where 
these people have a very interesting 
girls' orphanage. Miss Hansen has 
charge of the work and five other 
"" Missy Sahibs " help her. Some of 
them-have only been here as long as we, 
so they spend most of their time in 
study. Miss Hansen has been here sev- 
tn years. She has such a splendid com- 
mand of the language. They have four 
liundred girls, all that the government 
■allows at one station. It is a splendid 
place for one to find ways and means to 
tetter their own work. 

This morning at the Gujerati prayers 
they were nearly all present. Miss 
Fuller, daughter of the Alliance super- 
intendent of the Indian work, was along. 
She gave a talk to them. They appre- 
ciated it much. Her father is called the 
father and adviser of the entire Alliance 
Mission. He seems to do the work well, 
all of them love to have him come. 

One thing that is such a help to them 
in keeping things in good order is that 
they have plenty room, even if their 
numbers are large. 

I was quite surprised to see my last 
letter in the Visitor. I always hold my 
t>reath when I see there is something -I 
"have written. Mary says to tell you that 
she has not time to write for the Visitor 
(to you) this time. We are away from 
"home, you know, and do not expect 
-conveniences as we usually have on let- 
ter day. We came here Wednesday 
morning and will leave to-morrow. The 
conference will not be closed, but we 
feel we want to be home for our English 
Sunday school, have not missed one 

time yet and hope to keep on without 

I have not told you what an interest- 
ing time we had getting out to Karia. 
The ladies who go back and forth had 
no room for more so they said they 
would order another Gardie. After 
services last evening at nine o'clock 
they told us that the Gardie Mallo 
(Bussman) had not come and we would 
have to wait until this evening, so we 
went to our beds and were getting ready 
to retire. Just as I was ready to sleep 
one of the ladies came and said the 
Gardie Mallo had come and we could 
yet go if we wished. We hastened to 
do what we had undone and as soon as 
we could were ready for the seven-mile 
trip. We could not take much of our 
bedding as the Gardies were both full. 
Five crowded in one rig and four in the 
other. Mamie and I were in the one 
where there were four. Miss Fuller felt 
she would like to sit up in front so the 
driver had to stop. After we were seat- 
ed properly off we went again in our 
two-wheeled rig. Arrived about eleven 
o'clock and were settled when the clock 
struck twelve. This morning we were 
up bright and early to see what we could 
before returning. 

But I cannot write more now for it 
is meal-time. Sadie J. Miller. 

Mehmedabad, Nov. 3, 1904. 

*• ■<♦ & 

Eliza B. Miller, of Bulsar, India, Tells of 
her Visit to the Dhang Country, her 
new Field of Labor: — 

Dear Brother: — 

Since Tuesday afternoon Dan and I 
have been in the State. Our first stop 
was at Raj Pardi, where we remained 
until yesterday afternoon, when we came 
to Umalla, the railway station two miles 
from this village. This afternoon we are 
booked for Amletha and to-morrow for 
Jadgerdia and Saturday go back to Ank- 
lesvar. Miss LaPerronne, from Bulsar, 
came with me to Anklesvar to stay with 
Nora while we are here. 

January, 1905] 



At this place from which I write is 
the chosen location for the new station 
in the State. It is a charming place. It 
is isolated from every one else and from 
the interest and progress found in a sta- 
tion along the railway. Nevertheless, 
for the carrying forward of the work in 
the State, this is an ideal location. Aft- 
er all, it is not our own pleasure that we 
need to consider in settling a place to 
live. This is a healthy place. The wa- 
ter is good and the surroundings are 
most beautiful. To be here interested 
heart and soul in the people about one 
would not find himself lonely or feel 
that he is far away from the others 
joined in the work. The people about 
are so kind, so simple and yet so ex- 
tremely jungly that you can not help 
loving them and feeling a deep interest 
in them. This morning Dan and I took 
a long walk by the footpath, for that 
is the only road, over toward the hills. 
We passed between tall hedge rows, 
through cotton fields, through dense 
patches of brush, underneath mighty 
tamarind, mangoes, and mogri trees, in 
and out among tall palms with here and 
there a village settled by the footpath. 
This you know is a noted tiger country. 
When passing through the bushes and 
the thickets you can not help thinking 
of the startling stories Brother McCann 
tells. But being here one feels perfect- 
ly safe too; for after all, the hills, far 
away, are the haunts of the man-eater. 
As we were walking through a thicket 
this morning I said to Dan, " Now sup- 
pose a 'vag' (tiger) should come!" 
Then Dan said, " Which one of us do 
you suppose he would attack first?" 
I said, " You, of course, for there is 
more of you." He laughed and said he 
thought they would want to get away 
with the biggest foe first. But none 
came and we went to the end of our 
walk and back to the house. 

We are not suffering from a lack of 
food these days. We are living on the 
native food which always is set before 
us in large quantities. It's lovely for 

one day, but for five days in succession 
one gets painfully conscious that you 
have been giving the system more work 
in disposing of its nourishment than 
usual. At the end of a week out like 
this I always feel so thankful for com- 
fortable homes and for our own way of 
living, — not to say anything against the 

A Charming A^illage Scene in Southern 

native way, — it suits them joyfully, even 
as our way suits us. 

Last May three of our Bhil girls ran 
away. Just this last month their where- 
abouts have been ascertained and now 
we have made arrangements to take 
them back with us. Their relatives are 
glad to send them back as there is much 
scarcity over in the hills among some 
of the people. Another Bhil girl who 
was married to one of the Anklesvar 
boys ran away two days after she was 
married. Her whereabouts is also 
known and we are trying to get her 
back. How well we will succeed is yet 
to be found out. I hope she may be 
restored to her husband and settle down 



[January, 1905 

to behave herself. The boys say it is 
the custom among the Bhils for the new- 
ly married women to run away. After 
a little while her father gives her a whip- 
ping and sends her back and then she 
settles down and behaves. Perhaps that 
is what is needed in this case. We do 
have to resort to the rod in more than 
one or two cases and it is remarkable 
to see how effective it often is. It some- 
times seems that you must keep those 
in your care in fear of you if you want 
them to do the best for themselves and 
the best for the work they have to do. 
Just as if a farmer at home by whipping 
his hired man would make him give bet- 
ter service. The plan is really followed 
by the farmer (the steat) here. The 
teacher in the school says that without 
feeling the rod the child will not learn. 
How different from the way at home! 
There is a lovely old brother in this 
town who is so anxious to learn to read. 
He has a son who reads. Bro. McCann 
told the boy to teach the father. When 
the boy was asked how the father was 
progressing the boy said, " Well, if some 
one would give him a good whipping 
he would learn, but without he can't." 
That was the boy's idea. I suppose he 
thought the Sahib ought to do it. 

This State is full of opportunities for 
us. Not a thing has been done among 
the women and girls. They are ready 
for the gospel message. Many of the 
husbands, fathers, and brothers have be- 
come Christians, while the wives, moth- 
ers and sisters yet remain as they have 
been. I trust we may within this next 
year be able to reach many of them 
and tell them that which shall heal their 
souls. Eliza B. Miller. 

Villi, Raj Pipla State, Nov. 10, 1904. 

* * * 

Isaac S. Long, now at Jalalpor, Tells 
about Interesting Features of their 
Work. He Urges "Testimony" 
Meetings at Home: — 

My Dear Brother: — 

See, if I only had Dan's typewriter. 

Your reading this will likely be as big 
a job as my writing. 

We are now in our new home. Just 
came from the bazaar at Novsari. The 
paper next day after election states that 
Roosevelt is most certainly elected. 
America has called the man of her 
choice, so all should be satisfied. 

Plague is raging in Novsari. Al- 
though the city is not large and half of 
the people have deserted it yet from 
fifteen to twenty cases die daily. Many 
shops remain closed. One shopkeeper 
said, " My neighbor died yesterday. But 
it is fate." They have less fear of death 
than Westerners. 

I saw several instances of shopkeep- 
ers trying to pull the bracelets off the 
arms of little girls. They were too tight 
to wear and others were asked for. 
How the girls cried! I stopped to see 
but it was too painful long to see. 

A Mussulman, reading the Koran, 
would not wait on me till he finished the 
chapter, had kissed the book and put it 
down. I said, " Does it speak of Jesus 
Christ?" He answered, "No, we be- 
lieve in Mohammed." And yet too 
many times these people make rather ig- 
norant Christians believe that the dif- 
ference between Christianity and Mo- 
hammedanism is not worth speaking of. 
Too many people's idea of the Savior, 
Christians, too, is simply one who points 
to God. In such a case, as the old Mus- 
sulman told me, Moses, Abraham, David, 
Mohammed, — all were saviors, as much 
so as Jesus Christ. Yet who does not 
commend the merchant who keeps his 
sacred book in his store in easy reach 
and who reads it in open view of people 
at very chance? I rather feel that some 
Christian merchants would do well to 
imitate the Mussulman. 

Bro. Emraert with all the carpenter 
boys has gone to Bulsar. We feel a lit- 
tle lonely. Everything about us is so 
quiet. The boys' teacher seems and 
looks forsaken. I now think of his last 
message to the boys: "Follow me and 
I will make you fishers of men." He 

January, 1905] 



said Jesus always called busy men. He 
found these fellows at work. He cannot 
use a lazy man. He noticed their in- 
stant obedience, and willingness to for- 
sake all for Him. The application is 
too apparent to mention. This man is 
one of Brother Forney's most trusty 
men. I have been out with him preach- 
ing. The people so early go to the 
fields to watch their jewari that we found 
but a few listeners at first. To the few 
we found, Lello, the teacher said: " You 
people fill your stomach in caring for 
your body but you have no concern for 
your soul. Should we take better care 
of the cage than of the parrot in the 
cage?" This was his introduction. He 
got their attention, too. There were 
several smart fellows in the number who 
discussed each point with him. It was 
most interesting. Lello said further, 
" Suppose a woman should dress a dog 
in men's clothing and tell the people this 
is her husband. How would her hus- 
band feel on returning home? But you 
do still more foolishly: you dress a stone 
or stick and even call it God." One 
asked: "Where is God?" He an- 
swered, " In every place." " Well, then, 
why may we not worship that tree be- 
hind you, for God, being in every place, 
must be in the tree?" Then the talk 
drifted into a discussion as to whether 
trees or stones have souls or not. Fi- 
nally they asked, " What is yours and 
Sahib's religion?" "God's religion," 
Lello said. " So is ours," they answered. 
" No, it isn't, else you would worship a 
true and living God," replied the preach- 
er. " Oh, yes, Christian," they said. 
" Well, yours is good for you and ours 
is good for us." With that they left and 
we came back home. 

The last Sunday evening the boys 
had a meeting of their own. Our cook, 
one of them, said in rJart, as I remem- 
ber: " In our former religion, how weak 
and ignorant we were! But this mission 
found us and showed us the way of the 
true God. Now we know Jesus Christ 
as our Savior. We are still learning 

about Him, our Blessed Redeemer. You 
are going to leave us; we shall much 
miss you. I shall go every Sunday to 
preach Christ in the surrounding vil- 
lages and will visit our village schools. 
I will surely cling to Christ as long as I 
live. You will do the same, I know. 
Do pray for us that we may do well 
the true God's service." 

Another said: "How easy to become 
a Christian! We repented and believed 

Natio Bocher, formerly at Jalalpor, but now 
at Bulbar. He is being supported by 
Brooklyn. N. Y., Sunday School. 

on Jesus. And still we should confess 
our sins to one another and to Jesus. 
But if we confess and then repeat the 
same sin we cannot be saved." 

Another: " How void of hope and joy 
our old religion was! We could be and 
do anything and yet be a religious per- 
son, but then it was always give, give. 
When eight years old the Brahmin 
priest tied a cord, — charm, — about our 
necks and then on going asked a rupee 
or other alms, as a cow or ox. But 



[January, 1905 

Christ only asks for our heart service. 
Certainly we should give him all our 

Another: " Five years ago I knew 
nothing of the great and true God. As a 
Hindoo I kept caste, bowed to idols, 
and worshiped and clothed them to no 
avail. I have left it all through the in- 
fluence of the. kind missionary who 
brought us here, and gave us a knowl- 
edge of the true God and Savior. Now 
we are to go to another place. We are 
so sorry to leave. Yet we ought to go 
where Jesus asks us to go. We shall do 
all we can to spread the glad tidings of 
the Gospel." 

Another: "Whereas we used to wor- 
ship idols of stone and wood we now 
keep faith in the living God. And as we 
have preached Christ of Sundays round 
about here, so ought to do it about 
Bulsar. I am so glad I have learned of 
Christ and His religion." 

Another: "All others seek only their 
own happiness, but we should seek the 
joy of others in leading them to Christ. 
It is our joy to do the work of Jesus. 
And we ought to continue working till 
all these idolators confess our Jesus. I 
believe that day is coming." 

Another used John 11:24, 26, con- 
fessing to have eternal life and praising 
God that we shall never die. In all 
eighteen spoke briefly. The service was 
long but rich. After prayer " Jesus is 
His Name " was sung. You have heard 
it in Gujerati, " Esu tu nu nam." Then 
in a splendid chorus sang, " Oh, how I 
love Jesus." How pretty it sounded! 
Did not know they knew even so much 

My brother, I cannot tell the effect of 
this meeting. I felt that the heavens 
had come down. How rich we are in 
Jesus! What appreciation and gratitude 
the boys expressed! Oh! it is not all 
in vain. The cause is just. Character, 
character, character is being developed. 
Almost every boy, carpenters like Jesus, 
vowed to preach Him with all their 
strength, and as long as they live our 

hope is in them. We are building for 
the future. Don't be impatient for re- 

Now a last word. Why should not 
our young and old people, too, at home, 
have testimony meeting at times? Have 
we no witness for Jesus? " And ye are 
witnesses of these things." And why 
not an occasional praise meeting? Have 
we anything for which to praise God? 
I used to be prejudiced against such, but 
God came so close to me so often in 
song and praise service that every ves- 
tige of prejudice is gone. God bless you 
and the dear home church. 

A story. My jolly, round-faced com- 
panion in Chicago, with the smile of 
heaven in his face was hailed by a 
wretched man off a store box, who said: 
" You are a Christian. I see it in your 
face. Lead me to the source of your 
joy." He did. This companion said, 
"Why should we not look glad? Praise 
God, we are saved." 

Faithfully in Him, 

Isaac S. Long. 
* * * 


President A. P. Camphor, College of 
West Africa, says in World Wide Mis- 
sions: "Africa is rich and abundant in 
children. This is one of the brightest 
stars of hope, if the church will do her 
full duty in gathering them in from the 
wilds of nature and heathenism into the 
fold of Christ, and will train them up in 
the way they should go. 

In Krootov/n, a native village near 
Monrovia, the children are as numer- 
ous as bees in a hive. The town would 
be cheerless indeed without their noisy 
prattle and frolicsome maneuvers. It is 
always an interesting sight to see them 
following a foreigner around the town, 
greeting him in their broken English: 
"How do, dady: how do?" and offer- 
ing their service to carry his luggage and 
to guide him to different parts of the 
lown and vicinity. If the person has a 
camera, that gratifies their curiosity all 
the more, and they are ready at a mo- 

January, 1905] 



merit's notice to pose for a picture, with- 
out the trouble of arranging toilet or po- 
sition. They run about the streets, play 
at games, dig in the white sand, pick up 
shells on the beach, swim in the surf, 
catch fish, paddle canoes, and do a thou- 
sand things that their busy brains and 
hands find to do in a climate of brilliant 
skies and abundant sunshine. 

* *> * 


By Mrs. E. H. Eby. 

St. Paul says, in speaking of the re- 
ligious training which the Jews received 
under the Mosaic dispensation, " Before 
faith came we were kept under the law, 
shut up unto the faith which should aft- 
erwards be revealed. Wherefore the law 
was our schoolmaster to bring us unto 
Christ" (Gal. 3: 23, 24). 

Ignorance characterizes heathenism in 
South America as well as in all other 
lands. Therefore the one thing needful 
is a knowledge of the true God as re- 
vealed in His Word. People in general 
need instruction, not only in secular mat- 
ters, but especially in the " things of 
God." They are to be made Christians 
or " children of God by faith in Jesus 
Christ." " Believe in the Lord Jesus 
Christ and thou shalt be saved," is the 
language of the Holy Scripture. 

But " how shall they believe on him 
whom they have not heard? and how 
shall they hear without a preacher?" 
" So then faith cometh by hearing, and 
hearing by the Word of God " (Rom. 
14: 17). 

The Savior's last command to the 
world was, " Go ye therefore and teach 
all nations . . . teaching them to ob- 
serve all things, whatsoever I have com- 
manded you" (Matt. 18: 19, 20). 

Christ has instructed us to preach the 
Gospel, and next to the oral proclama- 
tion of the Gospel is the teaching of the 
Word. To teach is to preach. The ulti 

mate aim of preaching or teaching God's 
holy Word is to bring men to Christ. 

Many places in the South American 
country ministers of the Gospel are re- 
jected and even cruelly treated by being 
mobbed or imprisoned, but God has a 
way when His children are willing to 
carry the message of salvation. 

In the same city, Callao, Peru, where 
preachers have been driven from the city. 
Miss Elsie Wood entered and established 
a school and gave religious instruction 
without opposition, thus paving the way 
for the propagation of the Gospel. 

In this as well as in other lands, the 
best way to reach the parents is to in- 
struct the children, and mission schools 
are constantly opening the way for the 
evangelization of South America. Most 
effective work is being done in Brazil 
in the schools established for the train- 
ing of native workers. 

There is great demand in South Amer- 
ica for lady missionaries both in school 
work and house to house visitation. 
Mission boards call for single ladies to 
assist the wives of evangelists. 

The evangelization of South America is 
only begun. The urgent cry is more 
workers. Who is ready to support a 
worker in that field? Who will go there 
to gather sheaves for the Master? 

McPherson, Kans. 

♦ * * 

The Moravian Station at Kailang in 
Lahoul has a " Rest House " which is a 
refuge for Tibetan, Mohammedan and 
other travelers in the Himalayas. The 
work is as benevolent and as di inter- 
ested as that of the old hospices in the 
Alps. Some true converts have been 
won through this gospel of deeds of 

Do missions pay? In the territory in- 
cluding what is known as the Louisiana 
purshase the Methodist church spent in 
1893, $192,000.00; it received back the 
same year in collections, $168,000.00. In 
the year just past the Mission Board 
expended $174,000.00 and received back 
from the territory $268,000.00. These, 
figures from a financial standpoint clear- 
ly speak for themselves. 



[January, 1905 


All things come to Thee, O Lord, 
And of Thine own have we given Thee. 

Offerings are asked to sustain missions on the frontier in the various parts of the 
United States under the General Board, to aid the forty-seven Districts of the Brotherhood 
in their respective fields, to support the work in Sweden, Denmark, France, Switzerland and 
India. The workers on the fields labor for a support, the members of the General Mission- 
ary and Tract Committee give their services free. 

A copy of the Visitor marked " Sample " is sent to each person from whom money has 
been received within the time of the acknowledgment herewith made. Should any one 
thereby get two copies, please hand one to a friend. 

See that the amount appears properly herewith. In case it does not, write at once to 
the Committee. 

All mission funds for general work should be sent to and in the name of General Mis- 
sionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 

The General Missionary and Tract 
Committee acknowledges receipt of the 
following donations during the month of 
November, 1904: 

World Wide Fund. 
Iowa — $103.38. 
Middle District, Individuals. 

D. W. Miller, Robins, $10.00; A 
Brother, Pierson, $2.00; C. A. & 
E. S. Moore, Eldora, $50.00; J. S. 
Snyder, Brooklyn, $10.27; J. S. 
Zimmerman, "Waterloo, marriage 

notice, 50 cents 72 77 

Southern District, Congregations. 

South Keokuk, $13.91; Pleasant 

Hill. $5.70 19 61 


C. M. Brower, South English, 
50 cents; Mrs. D. M. Banghman, 

Pulaksi, 50 cents, 1 00 

Northern District, Individual. 

G. A. Moore, Eldora, $10.00, 10 00 

Illinois— $83.25. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Waddams Grove, $13.25; Shan- 
non, $28.15; Dixon, $2.00; Milledge- 

ville, $14.00, . . ". 57 40 


Wm. R. Brattin, Mt. Carroll, 
$5.00; I. P. Butterbaugh, Lanark, 
83 cents; Jacob P. Butterbaugh, 
Lanark, $5.00; A Brother, Leaf 
River, $5.00; S. J. Pike, Milledge- 
ville, $10.00, 25 83 

Virginia — $71.15. 

Second District, Congregations. 

Sangerville, $12.47; Mt. Carmel, 

$10.63, 23 10 


Ruth E. Layman, Harrisonburg, 
$1.00; James McBride, Spring 
Creek, $3.00; Arthur B. Miller, 
Timberville, $1.00; P. D. Kennett, 

Kennett, $1.00, 6 00 

Mission Board, $36.05, 36 05 








First District, Individual. 

Geo. S. Arnold, Burlington, 
$6.00 6 00 

Missouri — $68.63. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Middle Creek, 25 87 


Amos Wampler, Knobnoster, 7 

District Meeting, $26.19, 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant View, 

Southern District, Individual. 

A Brother, 

Nebraska — $61.35. 


South Beatrice, $12.85; Afton, 

$16.00 28 85 


Chas. Ulrey, Sidney, $1.00; Kent 
Childers, Sidney. $1.00; John Caw- 
ley, Sidney, $3.00; J. S. Gabel and 
Wife, $25.00; H. A. Prantz, Firth, 
50 cents; L. R. Stutzman, Virginia, 
$1.00; J. U. Slingluff, Sidney, 
$3.00 32 50 

Kansas — $57.96. 

Northeastern District, Congrega- 

Abilene, $5.00; Washington, 

$5.00 10 00 


Johanna Jolitz, Solomon, $5.00; 
J. F. Frantz, Abilene, 50 cents, . . 5 50 

Southwestern District, Congrega- 

Monitor, $27.00, 27 00 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

John Aukerman, Deviges, $8.50 8 50 

Southeastern District, Congrega- 

Altamont, $6.96, 6 96 

Pennsylvania — $57.15. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Gettysburg, $4.92 4 92 

January, 1905] 



Sunday School. 

Pleasant Grove, $10.09, 10 09 


H. K. Miller, Huntsdale, $5.00; 
Mrs. Lizzie Eshelman, Naberth, 
$1.00; Wrn. A. Anthony, Shady 
Grove, 50 cents; Margaret Cal- 
houn, Everett, $5.00, 5 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

A. S. Brumbaugh, Martinsburg, 
30 cents; A Brother and Sister, 
Scalp Level, $15.00; Sallie E. 
Shaffer, Harrisburg, $1.94; Phoebe 

Zook, Mattawana, $1.00, 18 24 

Western District, Congregations. 

Dunnings Creek, $5.00; Green- 
ville, $3.40, 8 40 


Samuel Naylor, Erie, $2.00; P. 
J. Blough, Hooversville, marriage 
notice, 50 cents; Mrs. J. L. 

Vought, Elk Lick, 50 cents 3 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

A Sister, Philadelphia, $1.00, ... 1 00 

Ohio — $50.35. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Brookville, $16.00; Ludlow, 

$5.35, . .: 21 35 


D. W. Kneisly, Dayton, $4.50; 
Mrs. Clara A. Holloway, and 
daughters, $2.00; Ezra Flory, 

Union, 50 cents 7 00 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Mary Shroyer, Pierce, $3.00; 

Eliza B. Lantz, Baltic, $2.00, 5 00 

Northwestern District, Congrega- 

Logan, $12.00 


John A. Trackler, $5.00 

North Dakota^ — $40.53. 

Surrey, $27.78; Berthold, $6.75, 

Sunday School. 

James River, $5.50, 


John Stong, Cando, marriage 

notice, 50 cents, 50 

Maryland — $36.60. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

G. E. Gnagey, Accident, $10.00; 
Caleb Long, Boonsboro, $15.00, ... 25 00 

Eastern District, Individual. 

D. Owen Cottrell, Union Bridge, 
$11.60, 11 60 

Louisiana — $31.00. 

Roanoke, $21.00 21 00 


Mr. &. Mrs. Bolinger, Bolinger, 
$10.00, 10 00 

North Carolina — $17.70. 


Mill Creek, $16.10 16 10 


F. L. Davis, Jamesville, $1.60, . . 1 60 

Minnesota — $16.00. 

Peter Sommer, Hancock, $15.00; 
Louisa Weath, Wabasha, $1.00, . . 16 00 









Indiana — $14.22. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Rachel Weaver, Brimfleld, $1.00; 
Minnie Swihart, Churubusco, $3.52; 
Mrs. Lottie Hummel, South Whit- 
ley, $1.00; H. H. Brallier, Pierce- 
ton, marriage notice, 50 cents; 
Jonathan M. Cripe, North Liberty, 
marriage notice, 50 cents; A Sis- 
ter, LaGrange. $1.00, 7 52 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Somerset & Wabash, $5.00; Pipe 
Creek, $1.70 6 70 

Oklahoma — $11.87. 


Washa, $7.00 7 00 


Sue Wine, Guthrie, $3.00; I. J. 
Poley, Kildare, $1.87, 4 87 

South Dakota — $10.50. 


Willow Creek, $10.50 10 50 

West Virginia — $5.00. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Greenland, $5.00, 5 00 

New York — $5.00. 


E. H Eby, Brooklyn, $5.00, .... 5 00 

California — $1.12. 


Belinda Riley, Tropico, $1.12, . . 1 12 

Tennessee — $1 .05. 

Minnie McCrary, White Pine, 52 
cents, Bessie McCrary, White 
Pine, 53 cents, 1 05 

Washington — $1.00. 


Esther A. McDonald, North Yak- 
ima, $1.00 100 

Idaho — $1.00. 


B. J. Fike, Nezperce, $1.00, .... 1 00 

Canada — $1.00. 


Mary D. Craig, Reinbey, Alta., 
$1.00, . 1 00 

Total for the month of Nov. $ 746 79 
Previously reported 10578 53 

Total for the year so far $11325 32 

Kansas — $111.92. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Appanoose, $26.10; Sabetha, 
$16.40; Washington Creek, $14.- 
81; Olathe, $13.81; Abilene, $10.00; 

Cottonwood church, $5.80, 86 92 


A Brother, Sabetha, 25 00 

Nebraska — $41.74. 


Bethel, $13.68; Falls City, $10.- 
55; Kearney, $8.85; Arcadia, $4.00; 
Hope Memorial, $4.16; Octavia, 
50 cents, 41 74 

North Dakota — $40.00. 

Cando 40 00 



[January, 1905 

Ohio — $39.34. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Morrill, 35 80 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

David Shong Sherwood, 3 54 

Virginia — $24.02. 

First District, Congregation. 

Peter's Creek, 18 02 

Sunday school. 

Oak Grove, . . .' 6 00 

Illinois — $20.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Woodland, 15 00 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $11.40. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Harvey Stoner, Alice, $1.00; 
Maria Stoner, Alice, 50 cents; 
Essie Stoner, Alice, 50 cents; Iva 
Stoner, Alice, 50 cents; Levi Ston- 
er, Alice, $5.40; Nora E. Negley, 

Altenwald, $1.50, 9 40 

Western District, Individuals. 

M. S. Miller and Wife, New 
Paris 2 00 

Indiana — $6.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Oak Grove, 5 00 


A Brother, 1 00 

Tennessee — $4.00. 

French Broad, 4 00 

Iowa — $2.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Hugh E. Walton, Sibley, . . 2 50 

Oklahoma — $1.00. 


Wm. Fiant, Graves, 1 00 

Total for month of Nov., ..$ 301 92 
Previously reported, 1193 37 

Total for the year so far, ..$ 1495 29 

Pennsylvania — $236.07. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Hatfield, $73.66; Little Swatara, 

$38.50; Ridgely, $36.00, 148 16 

Sunday school. 

Indian Creek, 10 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

John B. Miller, New Paris, $7.- 
07; A Brother, Yellowcreek, $4.- 
00; Mattie G. Hollinger, Abbotts- 
town, $3.00; Peter Knavel, Scalp 
Level, $5.00; Geo. and Rosie 
Myers, New Enterprise. ■ S co : 
Simon Snyder, New Enterprise, 
$5.00; Samuel Baker, Waterside, 

$10.00 39 07 

Western District, Congregations. 

Myersdale, $32.84; Dunnings 
Creek, $6.00, 38 84 

Illinois— $75.70. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Silver Creek, $25.00; Lanark, 

$21.89, 46 89 


L. J. Gerdes, Coleta, 5 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Cerrogordo, 23 81 

Iowa — $15.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, Ollie, .. 10 00 

Northern District, Individual. 

L. S. Snyder, Mo. Valley, 5 00 

Ohio — $15.00. 

Northeastern District. 

Mohican Sisters' Aid Society, . 10 00 


Geo. S. Grim, Louisville, 5 00 

West Virg-inia — $10.15. 

Second District, Sunday school. 

Pleasant View, 10 15 

Indiana — $12.00. 

Middle District, Prayer Meeting. 

North Manchester, 5 00 


Sophia Voorhis, New Waverly, 2 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Franklin Johnson, Linden, .... 5 00 

Maryland — $8.00. 

Middle District. Individual. 

Miss Emma "Wolf, Tilghman, . . 8 00 

Texas — $6.90. 


Manvel, 6 90 

Kansas — $6.70. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

McPherson, 5 20 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Kansas City, . . 1 00 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

W. C. Heisel, Morland, 50 

Virginia — $2.00. 

Second District, Individuals. 

J. M. Wright and Wife, Bridge- 
water 2 00 

Total for month of Nov., . . . .$ 387 52 
Previously reported, 1524 13 

Total for year so far, $ 1911 65 

Ohio — $52.12. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Lena Longanecker, Columbiana, 
$25.00; Two Sisters of Nimishillen 

church, $10.00, 35 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

D. W. Keisley, Dayton, $5.00, 
Adah Baker, Palestine, $2.00; 

Katie Flory, Union, $2.00, 9 00 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Alvada 6 12 


Lydia Fried, Montpelier 2 00 

Illinois — $19.76. 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Sugar Creek, $15.00; Shannon, 

$1.00, 16 00 

Sunday school. 

Sugar Creek, 3 76 

Pennsylvania — $15.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

Abraham Cassel, Harleysville, . 15 00 

Virginia — $10.00. 

Second District. 

Pleasant Valley Sisters' Aid 
Society, 10 00 

January, 1005 



Kansas — $6.20. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

McPherson 5 20 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Kansas City 1 00 

California — $5.00. 

Sunday school. 

Covina Class No. 4, 5 00 

Alabama — $5.00. 


Luther Petry, Girard, 5 00 

Indiana — $2.46. 

Middle District, Sunday school. 

Roann 2 46 

Iowa — $2.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

A Brother and Sister, 2 00 

Missouri — $1 .50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Anna Keller, Cherry Box 1 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Naoma Morris, Annister 50 

Maryland — $1.00. 

Middle District. Individual. 

Alfred Engler. New Windsor, 1 00 

Total for month of Nov $ 120 04 

Previously reported 99 50 


Total for year so far, $ 219 54 


Pennsylvania — $63.13. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Pittsburg, $16.00; Ridgely, 

$11.88; Coventry, $8.00, 35 88 


Roy Hildebrand, Ephrata, .... 1 25 

Southern District, Sunday school. 

Green Tree 25 00 

Western District, Individual. 

Mrs. Maggie Cobb, Lindsey, . . 1 00 

Virginia — $55.70. 

Second District, Individuals. 

Mabel Long Kendig, Stuarts 
Draft, $1.50; Lizzie U. Grim, 

Timberville, $9.50 11 00 


Glade Church, $16.00; Beaver 

Creek, $12.70, : , 28 70 

First District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Kinzie, 
Roanoke 16 00 

Kansas — $43.68. 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Kansas Center 18 00 

Sunday school. 

Slate Creek, 1 68 


Jacob and Amanda Witmofe, 

McPherson 16 00 

Northeastern District. Congregations. 

Abilene, $5.00; Topeka church 
and Sunday school, $3.00 8 00 

Ohio— $22.00. ' 

Northwestern District, Sunday school. 

Elizabeth P. Miller's Class, 

Lima 15 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Bertha Ellen Bryant. Dayton, 

$5.00; Susan M. Shellabarger, 

$2.00, 7 00 

North Dakota — $21.00. 


Clara A. Blocher, Haven, $16.- 
00; Miss Elva Whitmer, White 
Earth, $5.00 2100 

Nebraska — $16.00. 

South Beatrice Sisters' Aid So- 
ciety 16 00 

Idaho — $16.00. 

Nezperce Sister's Aid Society, 16 00 

Illinois — $15.85. 
Northern District, Individual. 

Blanche Lentz, Elgin 4 00 


Shannon, $5.00; Waddams Grove, 
$6.85, 11 85 

Colorado — $15.00. 

Sunday school. 

St. Vrain, 15 00 

Iowa — $6.80. 

Southern District, Sunday school. 

Mrs. F. E. Miller's Class 6 80 

Michigan — $4.00. 

Woodland Sisters' Aid Society 4 00 

Oregon — $4.00. 

J. H. and Dessa Kreps, Inde- 
pendence 4 00 

Tennessee — $2.30. 


French Broad 2 30 

Indiana — $1 .00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

An Invalid Sister, Ladoga 1 00 

Total for month of Nov., ...$ 286 46 
Previously reported, 2170 97 

Total for year thus far $ 2457 43 


Missouri — $2.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Spring River 2 00 

Total for month of Nov., ... $ 200 

Previously reported 1 00 

Total for year so far, $ 3 00 

Kansas — $2.13. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Kansas City, 2 13 

Total for month of Nov., ... $ 213 

Previously reported, 1 00 

Total for year so far, $ 3 13 


Illinois — $1.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 1 00 

Total for month of Nov., ...$ 1 00 
Previously reported 11 25 

Total for year so far $ 12 25 

6 4 


[January, 1905 

Illin ois — $2 .00. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 2 00 

Pennsylvania — 55 cents. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Libbie A. Gish, Palmyra 55 

Total for month of Nov $ 2 55 

Previously reported, 7 25 

Total for year so far $■ 9 80 


Alabama — $5.00. 


Luther Petry, Girard, 5 00 

Kansas — $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Kansas City 1 00 

Illinois— $1.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 1 00 

Total for month of Nov., ...$ 7 00 
Previously reported, Ill 75 

Total for year so far, .'$ 118 75 


Pennsylvania — $2.82, 

Western District, Congregation. 

Ten Mile, 2 32 

Southern District, Individual. 

Libbie A. Gish, Palmyra, 50 

Iowa — $2.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Hugh B. Walton, Sibley, . . 2 50 

Illinois — $2.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 2 00 

Total for month of Nov., ... $ 732 
Previously reported, 80 00 

Total for year so far, $ 87 32 

Correction. — In November report, under 
Brooklyn Meetinghouse Fund, $5 should 
have been credited to A Brother and Sister, 
Bradford, and $5 to Upper Stillwater, in- 
stead of $10 to Upper Stillwater. 

♦♦* ♦ * 


Cash Received. 

By balance, $ 20 

H. H. Johnson, Pleasant Lake, N. 

Dak., 1 00 

Mrs. Winters, Chicago 1 25 

North English, la., S. S., per S. A. 

Miller, South English 2 36 

B. A. Wolfe, Chicago 1 00 

Mrs. Anna Presser, Chicago 1 25 

A. F. Wine, Walden, 111., 1 00 

General Board 30 00 

" A Sister," Canton, Ohio 5 00 

Rachel Hamman, Warsaw, Ind., . . 1 00 

Mary McDannel, LaGrange, 111., . . 1 00 

Ella McDannel, Cedar Rapids, la, 50 

D. W. Kneisly. Dayton, Ohio, 5 00 

I. H. Dillon, Floyd, Va., (special) 2 00 

Fannie L. Moore, Smithfield, Pa., . . 1 00 
"Mrs. G. N. D.," Williams! Mills, 

Pa., 1 00 

Mrs. Samuel Myers, Sterling, 111., 5 00 

" An isolated sister," Butler, Pa., 3 00 
Samuel Studebaker, Pearl City, 111., 

(special), 5 00 

Gifts from Chicago friends, special 

for Thanksgiving dinners, 8 91 

Mrs. Samuel Studebaker, Pearl City, 

111., 5 00 

David Clem, Walkerton, Ind., 1 00 

Nancy Marshburn and her class, El 

Modena, California, 2 00 

Bowbells, N. Dak., church, per J. A 

Weaver, 9 16 

" A sister," Union, Ohio, 1 00 

Lizzie Rawlins, W. Hinsdale, 111., . . 1 00 
Rebecca Albaugh, Morgan Park, 

111., 25 

L. Hortense Lear, , 5 00 

" A Thanksgiving offering," from 

Independence, Oregon, 2 70 

Anna R. Burkhart, Zion, N. Dak., 3 00 

Industrial School 4 97 

$111 55 
Cash Paid Out. 

Living Fund, 9 78 

Rent 10 00 

Gas, 1 40 

Help to poor 18 61 

Industrial Work, 1 93 

Incidentals, 10 24 

Support for workers, 22 00 

Carfare for mission visits, 1 20 

$ - 
Cash on hand, 

$111 55 
Cora Cripe. 
660 S. Ashland Ave., Chicago. 

<♦ *# * 

Let Dr. William Ashmore set forth 
the stupendous changes witnessed in the 
Celestial Empire since the first mission- 
ary attempted to set foot on its soil: 
Instead of one man, Morrison and his 
wife, we behold 2,785 missionaries, men 
and women. Instead of one convert, 
Liang Afa, we see 112,000. Instead of 
one preaching place in a dirty, out-of- 
the-way alley in Canton, we see 653* 
preaching centers, and 2,476 subordinate 
places where the Gospel is sounding out 
probably 10,000 times a week, to say 
nothing of the wayside preaching that 
is done. We see great cities occupied 
and great audiences gathered — some- 
times as many as 2,000 at a time. We 
see great school buildings going up, col- 
leges and universities being founded. 
We see great Bible societies and great 
power printing presses at work. We 
see numerous hospitals, with 200 medi- 
cal missionaries, who treat nearly 200,- 
000 patients annually.^-Woman's World. 



The Perfume of Life. 

Tike man luko 16 .mona to fiakt kij j'ultt 


(Jlnd uifiaAe umi 110 ioice ca/n dnnut. 

YtUlitte ike tlntk ii until and tiie lujlit ia 


<£rA Ike inn a tlmt liic nneA want. 

jyLi inn it tail <*t I nil ui alim ilcieat, 

I3nt lie Imu not J fed Ike ot'ule, 

(.liid tiie of eauk iliail Amcil mole 


j)F<rt tke |i(tjnn.t oj tui fife. 


NBA /' 

Born Oct. 9, 1878. Died Oct. 17, 1904. 

The Missionary Visitor. 

Vol. VII 

FEBRUARY, 1905. 

No. 2 

Epitaphs Not for Marble. 

Readers of the Visitor will surely be 
as much interested in reading the ex- 
pressions of sympathy and thoughts of 
" God's mysterious ways " in calling 
from earth to heaven our dear Brother 
Swigart, as was the editor. For this 
reason a number of extracts from per- 
sonal letters have been given, especially 
from those who are on the field. 

And while looking for a letter from 
which to secure the autograph under the 
picture on the preceding page, the one 
given at the close of this compilation in 
Bro. Swigart's own handwriting, — re- 
duced to one-fourth the original size, — 
came to notice. Its spirit is so pure, its 
sentiments so noble, that it is given 
here as a glimpse into that inner life 
which Brother Swigart lived. Reading 
it now in the light of the fact that he 
has gone to his blessed reward which he 
anticipated so much by faith, what joy 
may fill the hearts of all of us who re- 
main behind as we, toiling on, can read 
from Bro. Swigart's life the invitation 
to " follow me as I have followed 
Christ " in submission, devotion and 

J. M. Pittenger, soon after Bro. Swi- 
gart passed away: — Ere this reaches you, 
you will have heard of Brother Swigart's 
death. It seems so hard to believe. It 

is so sudden, so crushing. Only the 
dear Lord knows all. 

The vessel shall never bear him over 
the sea to India. He's gone to his long 
home. His life of less than three dec- 
ades saw the accomplishments of far 
more than many lives of four score years. 
We can weep and look with an eye of 
faith to Him who guides our lives un- 
erringly if we are only His in all full- 

D. L. Miller, at Jerusalem: — The Lord 
has called one home from the band! 
Who may know why? Surely there is a 
lesson in it for those who go. Death is 
no nearer to them in India than at home, 
and heaven is quite as near there as in 
the homeland. 

Mary N. Quinter, in India, who knew 
him at Huntingdon, Pa.: — We are all 
^hocked over Bro. Swigart's death. 
There certainly are some things hard to 
understand and this is one of them. 
But our Father knows and in His hands 
all will be well. I have thought so much 
of his home people — they were very 
willing, of course, for him to come, but 
it was hard — his mother could not talk 
of it, but how much harder this separa- 
tion is than that would have been. Such 
lives are so needed here. He was not 
brilliant, he made no show, but he was 
such a thoroughly good fellow, steady 
and earnest, " true-blue " — and after all 
what greatness is there like simple good- 



ness. May our Father bless and com- 
fort the home hearts that are so sadly- 
disappointed and may He help us all to 
do more and better work for Him. 
Surely we have had our first missionary 
sacrifice among the India workers and 
may the cause in some way be helped 
and missionary thought, missionary 
work and missionary giving, be greatly 
strengthened and increased. 

Nora A. Lichty, in India: — We are 
sorry to know that Brother Swigart is 
no more, but God said, " Enough." It 
is consoling to know that his heart was 
in the work and that he was resigned to 
the will of the All- Wise. We should be 
resigned to His will that whichsoever 
may be our lot we will be satisfied. 

Carman C. Johnson, an instructor at 
Juniata College: — Bro. Swigart was a 
noble fellow — the soul of conscience, 

Eliza B. Miller, in India: --The last 
mail brought us the sad news of Broth- 
er Swigart's sudden and unexpected 
death. Truly we cannot understand the 
workings of our heavenly Father save 
that He doeth all things well. And 
what a precious confidence the child of 
God may have that whatever the Father 
doeth is well done. Our brother was so 
willing and anxious to come, we were 
glad to have him come, his parents were 
willing that he should come, the work 
here needs such as he;" but the Father 
took him. His death is one of the " all 
things " that will work together for 
good. Not now, perhaps, but sometime 
we surely will know why all this has 
come about. He has gone to the better 
country. The rest of us have had our 
lives prolonged to struggle, to battle, 
against a wicked and adulterous genera- 
tion. May the Lord help us to do our 
part in bringing them to a saving knowl- 
edge of the truth as it is in Jesus. 

" Only waiting till the shadows are a 

little longer grown, 
Only waiting till the glimmer of the day's 

last beam has flown: 

Then from the gathered darkness, holy, 

deathless stars shall rise, 
By whose light our souls shall gladly 

tread their pathway to the skies." 

Erfie V. Long, in India: — And Brother 
Swigart has gone from us. It was quite 
a surprise to us and yet we said: " God's 
ways are not our ways and His thoughts 
are not our thoughts." He knows best, 
Perhaps He had other work for him of 
which we know not. The angels in 
heaven rejoice over the return of a sin- 
ner on earth, and I believe they also re- 
joice over the " coming home " of a child 
of God. A dear sister of mine was 
called home last April and I shall never 
see her again on earth, but it is com- 
forting to think that the Father had 
need of her and took her unto Himself 
where she is happier than we can be 
here. But soon we will all meet and 
be oh! so happy. In Brother Swigart's 
departure 'we feel the loss to us and to 
the work, yet we rejoice that his labors 
are ended so soon and he has gone to 
his reward. 



^r cfd ^> ^-^^Z^y^cTTr/ Jit- 


ere are 


issionaries an 

d Mi 


By D. L. Miller. 

Chairman of the General Missionary and Tract Committee, and now Residing 
in His " Own Hired House " at Bulsar, India. He Tells of Comforts, 
Devotions, Sacrifices, Selfish Gratifications of Different Mis- 
sionaries En Route to their Respective Fields. 

When the " Balduino " reached Port 
Said there were two anxious groups of 
people, one on the docks watching and 
waiting for the belated ship, the other 
on board looking out to catch the first 
glimpse of those who had preceded 
them and were awaiting their coming. 
As the ship moved slowly up to the 
dock we caught sight of a little com- 
pany at the rail. A kerchief was waved 
and simultaneously we recognized each 
other and then tears of joy were shed. 
In a few minutes we were rowed along- 
side the great steel hulk in a small boat 
and were on board exchanging greet- 

ings and enquiring as to the welfare of 
each other; and we were all made happy 
because the Lord had brought us to- 
gether in this far away port each in the 
full enjoyment of good health. 

Terrano, the chief steward of the 
ship, very kindly gave our missionary 
party a table in the center of the dining 
room, and in the evening when all were 
seated for the last meal of the day, 
the sisters with covered heads, the 
thanksgiving for the meal, all brought 
a rush of memories to us and for the 
moment we felt as if we had suddenly 
been transported to the homeland. It 


[February, 1905 

was a heartsome sight, this little com- 
pany of consecrated souls going to the 
heathen to work for the Master. It 
gave me occasion for reflection. Only 
ten years ago, the church, with some 
opposition, and with fear and trembling, 
sent out its first missionaries to a 
heathen land. How well, those who 
know the inside of the work remember 
with what heart searchings, with what 
fears, with what discouragements the 
work was started. And now here is 

note the striking contrast between the 
two companies. I counted at one time 
fifteen bottles of wine, beer and whiskey 
on the table of the Jesuits. They all 
drank and drank a great deal of strong 
drink, the men all smoked, either cigars 
or pipes, and also spent a good deal of 
time in card playing on deck, and from 
their standpoint they were having a good 
time generally. This was so apparent 
to all that an English army officer re- 
marked, " Those fellows do not appear 

De Lessep's Avenue, Port Said. 

this goodly company of young people 
placing their lives on the aitar of sacri- 
fice, leaving home, country and loved 
ones to reinforce those already in the 
field. How wonderfully God has led 
the church in the last few years into 
the mission work. 

But there were other missionaries on 
board the " Balduino." At a table on 
our left sat a group of Jesuit fathers 
with four Sisters of Charity on their way 
to the mission at Calcutta. The group 
numbered fourteen, and all were under 
middle age. They appeared in their way 
to be zealous and earnest men and 
women. But one could not help but 

to be making a serious sacrifice for 
their religion." 

They did a great deal of talking at 
the table, and especially so when their 
tongues were loosened by drink, then 
their conversation became an incessant 
chatter. When I considered the ex- 
ample these professed followers of 
Christ were setting to all who came in 
touch with them I felt that they had 
wholly departed from the precepts and 
example of the Master. Knowing, too, 
that as they conducted themselves on 
board the ship so they would do in their 
mission work taking with them to the 
heathen the drink habit, then it was no 



Ships on the Suez Canal. 

longer a surprise to me that in some 
parts of India the natives hold that to 
become a Christian is to begin drinking 
whiskey and soda water and to smoke 
either cigars or pipes. 

In Southern India a monument was 
erected in memory of an eminent Eng- 
lish officer. In after years the ignorant 
natives began to worship the image and 
each year brought whiskey, soda water 
and tobacco and placed it at the foot 

of the statue as the most acceptable 
offering to be made. If one of these 
Jesuit fathers were to be apotheo- 
sized in the future in India doubtless 
the ignorant and superstitious native 
would bring the same kind of offering to 
his statue. 

It has long been charged against 
Christanity that the curse of intemper- 
ance follows the efforts of its mission- 
aries. The charge cannot be denied, es- 




The Quay on the Canal, Port Said. 



pecially when the so-called Christian 
missionaries carry the habit with them 
and indulge their own depraved appe- 
tites in strong drink. Oh, how the 
blessed religion of Jesus Christ has suf- 
fered in the hands of its professed 

Then we have another group of four 
missionaries, husband, wife and two 
single women, hailing from Chicago and 
bound for Africa. They belonged to one 
of the numerous bands of Holiness 
people and claimed that they were being 
led by the Holy Ghost. They said 
they had no support back of them, the 
Lord told them to go and they felt sure 
he would provide for tnem. They 
traveled in the steerage and showed 
that they were willing to sacrifice 
personal comfort in their zeal. 

In conversation with the leader I 
pressed him rather closely on the point, 
if they were Spirit led why the Spirit 

did not lead them to obey the com- 
mandments of the Lord Jesus. It was 
insisted that there could be no difference 
between the leading of the Spirit and 
the teachings of Christ, that the Master 
said, " He that loveth me keepeth my 
sayings," and that the men led by the 
Holy Ghost would even stoop to wash- 
ing the saints' feet. The pressure was 
rather stronger than was pleasing to the 
man of professed holiness and he con- 
cluded that I lacked conversion. When 
we reached Aden these people left us 
and found that they must remain in 
quarantine seven days because of the 
plague. Had our ship reached the place 
on time they might have proceeded on 
their way. If the Lord was leading 
them he took them by a devious way. 

Yes! There are missionaries, and 
missionaries, and missionaries. Who 
shall judge between them? By their 
fruits they shall be known. They that 
do the will of God are accepted of Him. 

The Value of Japan to Christianity. 

By H. M. Barwick. 

Japan regards the Christian nations as 
her benefactor in material progress. 
This has also kept her open to the in- 
fluences of Christianity, but with all of 
her modern advancement she remains a 
pagan nation in religious matters, and it 
remains for the church at large to de- 
termine whether or not she shall re- 
main pagan. If anything is to be done 
towards making her a Christian nation 
it looks as though\it must be done soon, 
or else Christianity may meet the 
strongest religious rival in the Yellow 
Race that she has ever encountered. 

Japan has changed much in sentiment 
since her successful war with China ten 
years ago, and the world's acknowledge- 
ment of superior leadership in the pres- 
ent struggle with one of the champions 
in strength, of the Christian nations, will 

largely decide Japan's prestige and in- 
fluence not only over the Yellow Race 
of four hundred million souls but over 
all the Orient, perhaps half of the entire 
world. Already the Asiatic nations have 
heard much praise of their Yellow breth- 
ren and the kindred ties have been 
strengthened, so much so that they feel 
competent to lead and develop their own 
ideals independent of the Christian na- 

These facts indicate a critical stage at 
present in the establishment of Chris- 
tianity in the Orient. Strategic points 
are always of first importance in carnal 
warfare and why should they be less so 
in spiritual matters? In that far-east- 
ern country the church meets a condi- 
tion that she has not encountered for 
ages, perhaps never. Here are some of 

February, 1905] 



the conditions. 1. Nearly one-third of 
the world's population closely united 
by blood relation. 2. The intellectual 
peer of any race. 3. Ambitious to pre- 
serve their national and age-old insti- 
tutions. 4. Rapidly equipping them- 
selves with every modern advantage for 
self-protection and preservation. 5. A 
pagan religion, rich in moral sayings 
that were centuries old before Chris- 
tianity was born. 

Christianity firmly established in Ja- 
pan is likely to mean to all of Asia what 
Christianity meant to Europe when it 
took up headquarters in Rome, the leav- 
ening of the whole continent. Japan's 
commercial relation, besides her blood 
relation makes her the leader for that 
part of the world also. 

But now suppose Japan remains devot- 

ed to her pagan religion, and still re- 
mains a first-class world power, with her 
flag flying in New York harbor and other 
Christian ports. What then? Why 
nothing only this paganism will become 
respectable and what is worse, accept- 
able, or, in other words, paganism may 
spread. Then the church will wish that 
she had converted Japan to the Gospel 
of Christ while her heart was open to its 
good teachings. 

Every phase of religious and educa- 
tional work in Japan calls for more 
workers. Teachers are needed in the 
many newly established colleges; and 
who can wield a more lasting influence 
for Christ than a teacher? In short let 
the Christian world take possession of 
Japan while the strategic situation is 

McPherson, Kans. 

A Secretary's Experience. 

By Jesse Ziegler, Royersford, Pa. 

Brother Ziegler is a traveling secretary for the General Missionary and Tract Com- 
mittee and has been doing some very faithful and successful work in Pennsylvania within 
the last year or more. He not only has been successful in soliciting funds, but in preach- 
ing missionary sermons and giving much valuable information. His article certainly is a 
clear mirror. 

The mission cause has become justly 
a popular one among our people, and 
yet, while this is generally the case, the 
experiences of one representing the 
Committee's interests are quite varied. 

Take your position by our side and 
look at the different classes we meet 
from our view point. It may help you 
to locate yourself and thus facilitate the 
work of the next solicitor. 

1. We still have some members who 
take no interest in mission work. 
These, no doubt, belong to that class of 
Christians (as a brother put it lately) 
that come very nearly making the Lord 
vomit, Rev. 3: 16. There is some relief 
in the thought, that this class, already 
unenviably small, is continually dimin- 

2. We find a class that are very much 

opposed to our method of doing mis- 
sionary work because it involves finan- 
cial transactions of considerable pro- 
portions. They have strongly and jeal- 
ously guarded every avenue towards 
tlieir pocketbook and the mere fact 
that this line of work threatens an ap- 
proach in that direction is at least one 
of the reasons for their strong oppo- 
sition. Then they are also very much 
afraid that this money will corrupt those 
who have the handling of it. This 
should not surprise us so much either 
when we notice how miserable, narrow, 
selfish, and sordid it has made their 
own hearts and lives, that they should 
thus judge of its damaging effects up- 
on others. 

Unfortunately there have been cases 
where mission funds were diverted 



from their intended use. But how with 
other trust funds? Have there been no 
disappointment and loss? We are justi- 
fied in saying that money given for 
missionary purposes is more faithfully 
and economically handled than any oth- 
er trust money, because it is the Lord's 
money. Especially is our Committee 
careful not only that the money goes 
to the place for which it is given, but 
they are careful that a dollar goes just 
as far as possible, and does the greatest 
amount of work. 

3. Here we note those who are very 
full of missionary sentiment, apparently, 
and would like to do something but 
they can not. They bid you God speed 
and wish you success and express great 
admiration for the cause, and possibly 
even natter you upon your ability and 
success, when all the time their chief 
object is to get rid of you in the easiest 
and most graceful way. 

Now we will admit that one must 
have something before they can give. 
Yet so much depends on how we look 
at it. How many would even stop to 
think whether they are able or not to 
pay the family physician $20, $50, or 
even $100, when sickness comes into 
the home? You say it is our duty to 
see to the welfare of our families. Then 
I say, It also is our duty to contribute 
liberally towards the spreading of God's 
message of life and salvation through- 
out the world. 

4. Then, too, we find a class who are* 
ashamed to say they can not contribute, 
but there are so many places to give 
that they must be very careful. One 
man even told me of one person that 
he knew in his time who had actually 
become poor by giving too much. I 
have forgotten the man's name, but I 
don't think his rash example has led 
very many into the same pitfall. 

People that give most and oftenest 
are the ones that give most liberally 
and cheerfully, for they have realized 
the pleasure and blessedness of giv- 

5. Then there are those who are quite 

ready to help the cause. You need 
hardly mention your mission to them 
until they are fully convinced, (but not 
very deeply) that the object is a worthy 
one and they are going to help it along. 
They will hand you a dollar when it 
ought to be ten, if not one hundred. 
We do not despise the dollar, but Paul 
said that " He which soweth sparingly 
shall reap also sparingly." What a dis- 
couraging, disappointing reaping time 
there will be for some Christians. 

6. We must mention another class 
who make excuses of various kinds. 
Possibly they have some debt yet, .or 
there is a little debt on their church or 
it needs to be repaired or they are 
going to build a new house or there 
are poor in the neighborhood that need 
help or the church expenses are resting 
heavily upon them. When it comes to 
making excuses there are some people 
that can make themselves so small that 
it only takes a very small excuse for a 
round dozen to hide behind. 

7. We also find some who have 
thought of doing something sometime, 
but are not ready just yet. Now we 
have profound respect for any one who 
desires to weigh well each important 
step in life, and yet, how many who 
pass by the present opportunity pass by 
the last they have. So many have said, 
and no doubt sincerely, that they want 
to do something for the cause and yet 
failed through procrastination! Besides 
this habit of putting off what ought 
to be done grows upon people just like 
any other mischievous habit. 

8. Lastly we come to the cheerful 
side of our work, for we do find enough 
of noble-hearted, liberal-minded and 
interested Christian people, to make our 
work pleasant in spite of some of the 
discouraging features noted above. 

When the Savior said, " Go ye there- 
fore and teach all nations," He com- 
mitted a great work and a sacred trust 
to every child of His. Many earnest, 
spirit-filled brethren and sisters feel that 
the only way open for them to fulfill 
this mission is to give of their means, 



if they cannot go themselves. In this there will your heart be also." " He 

way they feel they are laying up treas- that ?oweth bountifully shall reap also 

ure in heaven. This plan will also in- bountifully. " Our accounts will meet 

crease their interest in the cause, for us in the great day of reckoning. May 

Jesus said. "Where your treasure is we not be ashamed to own it. 

Native Women in Africa. 

Their Hard Lot in the March of Progress. 

" The Treatment of Women and Chil- 
dren in the Congo State " is the title of 
a pamphlet addressed to the women of 
the British empire and of the United 
States of America. One of these pam- 
phlets has fallen into my hands, and in 
the face of this personal address and 
the light of the terrible disclosures which 
it sets forth, it seems strange to me that 
one does not hear more about the mat- 
ter from the women of America. 

For women pain is pain, and joy is 
joy wherever you meet it the world over, 
and the despair of helpless people in the 
heart of Africa, whose life is being 
squeezed out by a remorseless govern- 
mental machine, touches them just as 
closely, when they know it, as the wail 
of a child in the dark. 

Miss Mary H. Kingsley, who lived 
among these people, quite apart from 
white influences, until she learned to 
know and understand them, writes in her 
West African Studies, which I have been 
moved to get and read since reading the 
pamphlet, " I openly own that if I have 
a soft spot in my feelings, it is toward 
African women, and the close contact I 
have lived in with them has given rise 
to this, and I venture to think made me 
understand them." 

She also adds that the position of 
women in the native African culture is 
much less undesirable than one has been 
led to believe; that her influence, espe- 
cially that of the mother, is enormous, 
and quotes Leighton Wilson, no blind 
admirer of the African, as follows: 

" Whatever estimate we may form of the 
African, we may not doubt his love for 
his mother. Her name, whether dead or 
alive, is always on his lips and in his 
heart. She is the first being he thinks 
of when awakening from his slumbers, 
and the last he remembers when closing 
his eyes in sleep. To her he confides 
secrets which he would reveal to no oth- 
er human being on the face of the earth. 
He cares for no one else in time of 
sickness; she alone must prepare his 
food, administer his medicine, perform 
his ablutions, and spread his mat for 
him. He flies to her in the hour of his 
distress, for he well knows if all the 
rest of the world turn against him she 
will be steadfast in her love, whether he 
be right or wrong. . . . It is a com- 
mon saying among them, if a man's 
mother and his wife are both on the 
point of being drowned, and he can save 
only one of them he must save his 
mother, for the avowed reason, if the 
wife is lost, he may marry another, but 
he will never find a second mother." 

This passage causes one to read a sec- 
ond time this paragraph in the pam- 
phlet from the report of Mr. E. H. Glave, 
an Englishman of high character: " In 
stations in charge of white men, govern- 
ment officers, one sees strings of poor, 
emaciated old women, some of them 
mere skeletons, working from two to 
six, tramping about in gangs with a 
rope around their necks and connected 
by a rope one and a half yards apart. 
They are prisoners of war. In war 



^. Ml-' : 

m ■:;::/■■ . 

-.- #■ 


This was taken by Mrs. Harris, wife of a missionary of the Congo Balolo Mission, 
at Baringa, in the rubber district, and sent to " Regions Beyond." She says that as 
these three men came bringing two hands tied up in their plantain leaf, they seemed 
like hunted animals and were dreading lest they should be discovered coming to the 
missionary with their sad story. The hands were those of a man and a lad killed by 
the sentries; a woman killed at the same time had been eaten. Mr. Stannard of the 
same station writes: "Since last Christmas, in the twenty-five districts surrounding Bar- 
inga, to our knowledge, about twenty-five people, including men, women, and children, 
have been brutally murdered, some of whom have been cooked and eaten by the rubber sentries/' 

women are always caught, but should re- 
ceive a little humanity. They are naked, 
except for a miserable patch of cloth in 
several parts, held in place by a string 
around the waist. They are not loos- 
ened from the rope for any purpose. 
They live in the guardhouse under the 
charge of black native sentries, who de- 
light in slapping and ill using them. 
Some of the women have babies, but 
they go to work just the same. They 
form indeed a miserable spectacle, and 
one wonders that old women, although 
prisoners of war, should not receive a 
little more consideration. At least their 
nakedness might be hidden." 

I have quoted but one of the incidents 
of this heart-breaking story of the con- 
quest and " regeneration " of the Congo. 
These are mere details of the hurried 
march of civilization and progress blaz- 
ing its bloody way through the heart of 
Africa. And there are men, perhaps al- 
so women, to whom this conquest, with 

all its incidental waste of native life and 
corruption of native morals seems a 
glorious achievement. There is a cer- 
tain blindness in human beings, which 
Professor William James has noted and 
described, that lets them see things only 
in the large and from the outside. 

Thank God that we women, in the nar- 
rower existence to which fate has as- 
signed us, have preserved that private, 
personal way of looking at things which 
sees in these wretched women, " dragged 
to burial by her fellow prisoners in the 
rope gang," in the hundreds of orphaned 
youngsters, " quite naked, huddled to- 
gether with no covering for the night," 
on their way down the river, not the 
glorified march of civilization but only 
the living image of misery and despair. 

It seems also to have become a part 
of a regular system that the wives and 
mothers are taken away suddenly from 
their duties and held as hostages, when- 
ever supplies of food or rubber have run 



short, to compel the husbands to rescue 
them with ransoms proportionate to the 
need of the State. These women sit 
there, chained neck to neck, in a state of 
melancholy bordering on distraction, 
thinking of the children left without 
food or care, while the husband is scour- 
ing the forests to redeem them. 

"As I was leaving Bongandanga, on 
the third of September," writes Roger 
Casement, British consul in the Congo 
in 1903, " several elderly headmen of the 
neighboring villages were putting off in 
their canoes to the opposite forest, to 
get meat wherewith to redeem their 
wives, whom I had seen arrested the 
previous day. I learned later that the 
husband of one of these women brought 
in two days afterwards to the mission 
station his infant daughter who, being 
deprived of her mother, had fallen se- 
riously ill, and whom he could not feed. 
At the request of the missionary this 
woman was released on the fifth of Sep- 

Mr. Casement's statements are all 
heartrending in the actual bald stating, 
but more in the suggestion of desola- 
tion in that land without rights for man, 
woman or child. One can well believe 
him when he says, "The African has 
been converted into a being without am- 
bition, because without hope, and when 
sickness comes he does not seem to 
care." But I think some of the most 
haunting stories that Mr. Casement tells 
were confided to him by children con- 
cerning the raids on villages backward 
with the rubber tax, cassava, or food 
stuffs. These taxes were fixed when the 
population was in some cases several 
times larger than it now is, but since 
the falling off of the population through 
death, sickness and desertion, the re- 
mainder have to bring in the tax just the 
same. " Being sometimes short of suf- 
ficient cassava for their own fields to 
meet this weekly demand they were 
forced to buy the root in the native local 
markets, and had to pay for it in the 
raw state just twice what they received 

for the prepared and cooked product 
they delivered at the post." 

Part of one child's story was: "After 
that they saw a little of my mother's 
head, and the soldiers ran quickly to- 
ward the place where we were and 
caught my grandmother, my mother, my 
sister and a little one younger than us. 
Several of the soldiers argued about my 
mother, because each one wanted her 
for a wife, so they finally decided to 
kill her. They killed her with a gun — 
they shot her through the stomach, and 
when I saw that I cried very much, be- 
cause they killed my mother and my 
grandmother and I was left alone. My 
mother was near to her confinement at 
the time. And they killed my grand- 
mother also and I saw it all done." 

Another little girl tells the heartrend- 
ing story of how she tried to rescue her 
little sister; of how she carried her, and 
how they wandered for days in the bush 
without food, and then, when the little 
sister was too weak to walk any farther, 
and she was too tired to carry her, the 
soldiers found them and put a knife 
through the little sister's stomach as the 
easiest way of disposing of her. 

One child lay in the grass or crouched 
in a tree for three days after a massacre. 
She was very hungry, and her throat was 
parched with thirst, but she found only 
a little water in a pot. The third day the 
soldiers went away hunting for buffaloes, 
and then she was able to get down and 
go to her grandmother's house and get 
a little food. The soldiers came back 
and they came toward the trees and 
bushes calling out, "Now we see you! 
Come down! come down!" This they 
used to do so that people, thinking they 
were really discovered, should give them- 
selves up. But she thought she would 
stay there, and she stayed long after the 
soldiers were gone for good, until her 
grandmother came and found her there. 

It would take too long to tell of the 
injustices, the frightful slaughter, marked 
by proofs of severed human hands, the 
families broken up, not to speak of the 



career of rapine and violence marked out 
as the duty of the young men of the 
native soldiery, who are taken far from 
their homes and condemned to twelve 
years' service as taxgatherers and slave 
drivers of the State. 

I have mentioned these stories because 
it seems to. me that, perhaps, there are 
many women in this country who have 
not heard of this little book to which I 
refer, and would be glad to know about 
it and do something about it if they saw 
their duty clear. 

But perhaps there are others who will 
look at this as a political question — 
which of course it is — and ndt under- 
standing political questions they may 
feel that it is out of place for them to 

But I have tried to indicate that, in 
my opinion, there are certain places 
where women's instinct is a safer guide 
than men's knowledge, and certain times 
when women's courage is superior to 
the bravery of man. Most modern cru- 
sades have felt the influence, nay, have 
almost been the work of women. And 
here and now, it seems to me, is an oc- 

casion which demands that peculiar chiv- 
alry of woman which leads her to answer 
the cry of distress when she hears it, 
undaunted by these practical difficulties 
— difficulties of diplomacy and political 
etiquette mostly — which seem to unnerve 
men and paralyze their actions. 

Already a woman has been the lead- 
ing spirit in the efforts for reform in 
West Africa. The studies of Mary 
Kingsley who went to Africa at first to 
complete the work of her father, Charles 
Kingsley left unfinished, has sounded the 
keynote on the campaign for reform in 
what is, I am told, the worst adminis- 
tered colonial region in the world. The 
reforms she suggested have been based 
upon an intimate knowledge and com- 
prehension of native culture and life, 
and are slowly coming to be recognized 
as the only methods of dealing practical- 
ly and profitably and in the spirit of an 
enlightened philanthropy with native 

But the Congo iniquity, as I see it, is 
neither temporary nor local. It is rath- 
er, as another writer puts it, " the liv- 
ing embodiment of the evil counsels " 



This also appeared in a recent number of " Regions Beyond." It was taken by Mr. 
Harris, who writes: "The poor, distracted man who carried the limbs was the father, and 
we learned that both his wife, Bongindangoa, and little girl, Boali, had been eaten by 
the sentries and their followers the previous evening. During the chopping up of his 
child, Nsala rushed forward and snatched the hand and foot and escaped to the bush. 
When it was reported to the Chef de factorie, his only reply was, ' I am no policeman. 
I cannot go here, there and everywhere to see that the sentries do not kill.' " 



that have more or less infected the poli- 
cies of all civilized nations in their deal- 
ings with the savage peoples Over the 
whole world. 

But what, then, is the attitude that 
American women should take with ref- 
erence to these native peoples? What is 
our mission here? Just as feminine tact 
and ready sympathy has enabled us, in 
the last half century, to revolutionize the 
methods of teaching children, and 
opened up to fathers and mothers a new 
world of objects and interests in their 
children's lives, so in dealing with sav- 
age peoples, who are the children in 
the family of nations, the same woman's 
tact and sympathy is necessary to inter- 
pret their lives and make them intelli- 
gible to the world, and above all to pro- 
tect them from the well-meant, but ruth- 
less programmes of " civilization " and 
" progress." It is to those women who 
believe that there is work for women 
to do in this direction that I commend a 
careful study of the conditions in the 
Congo Free State. 

In conclusion I believe I cannot do 

better than quote from a letter written 
by Miss Kingsley on her last voyage to 
Africa, where she died, to a native editor 
of a monthly magazine, the New Africa, 
published in Monrovia in Liberia. 

" Then there is another factor in this 
matter that I wish you to consider care- 
fully and let me some day know your 
opinion on, namely, the factor of nation- 
alism. I believe that no race can, as a 
race, advance except on its own line of 
development, and that it is the duty of 
England, if she intends really and truly 
to advance the African on the plane of 
culture and make him a citizen of the 
world, to preserve the African national- 
ism and not destroy it; but destroy it 
she will unless you who know it come 
forward and demonstrate that African 
nationalism is a good thing, and that it 
is not a welter of barbarism, cannibalism 
and cruelty." 

These are the words of a good and 
wise woman, and surely one of the best 
friends the Negro has ever had. These 
people are in sore need of friends just 
now. — Clara Cahill Park, Wollaston, 
Mass., in The Boston Transcript. 

I. The Bible on Missions. 

By D. W. Kurtz, Huntingdon, Pa, 

If there were no Bible in the world 
there would still be sufficient reason for 
world-wide missions on the part of the 
more favored races to the less favored. 
But the first thing the average Christian 
asks on any church movement is, " Is it 
in accord with the Bible?" "Is it a 
Christian duty?" "Does God command 
it?" It is this phase of the subject we 
wish to examine first. 

God made man in the likeness of His 
own image and endowed him with rea- 
son like His own, and made it possible 
for him to enjoy the goodness and hap- 
piness that He Himself was enjoying till 
Satan breathed the poison of selfishness 

into man, making him desirous to be 
equal with God, — to know good and evil, 
— and man fell from his high estate. 
Ever since the fall of man God has man- 
ifested this one great plan, to redeem 
fallen humanity. 

The first mission words in the Bible 
are the question put to Cain, " Where is 
thy brother Abel?" Noah became the 
preacher of righteousness to reclaim the 
sinful world. After the flood, the new 
covenant, and the dispersion, man again 
drifted away from God, so he called a 
missionary, Abraham, and covenanted 
with him that through him and his seed 
all nations of the earth should be 
blessed. Gen. 12:3. 



The whole history of the children of 
Israel is only the story of their school- 
ing and training for the work God gave 
them to do, — to make Jehovah the God 
of all nations. " Thou art my servant. 
Israel, in whom I will be glorified." 
Isa. 49: 3. The book of Jonah is a mis- 
sionary book. Six of the ten command- 
ments refer to our relation to our fel- 

It took Israel a long time to realize 
that God's blessings to them were not 
for themselves alone but for the entire 
world. They did learn the Fatherhood 
of God but failed to understand the in- 
evitable accompaniment — the Brother- 
hood of man. This Jesus exemplified in 
his life and teaching. But nothing is 
plainer in the Bible than that it was 
God's plan from the beginning for His 
chosen people to do a special work, — 
to- save the world. Christ becomes the 
climax or embodiment of this principle. 
He, who was supremely happy in heav- 
en, sacrificed all as the measure of His 
loye for us and came to redeem us. 
His ministry of less than four years was 
entirely missionary. He went about do- 
ing good, — healing the sick, feeding the 
hungry, preaching to all. He chose 
twelve young men and taught them day 
and night for over three years. Why? 
Was it for their own individual benefits? 
No indeed, for the " come ye " was soon 
followed by the " go ye " and he sent 
not only the twelve but likewise the 
seventy to proclaim the good news, for 
" he came to seek and to save that 
which was lost." 

No less significant than His example 
are His commands. World-wide evan- 
gelization is embodied in the Golden 
Rule. The universal brotherhood of 
man is doubly emphasized in the Good 
Samaritan. The first thing in the prayer 
of our Lord after the recognition of 
our Father, is the missionary prayer, 
" Thy kingdom come." Whoever prays 
that prayer without putting forth ef- 
forts for the coming of His kingdom — 
in other words, does mission work — is 
a hypocrite. The significant words of 

our Savior, " Other sheep have I which 
are not of this fold; them also I must 
bring, . . . and there shall be one 
fold and one shepherd ". (John 10: 16), 
are a trumpet call to missions. He 
commands His followers still more di- 
rectly in " Pray ye therefore the Lord 
of the harvest, that he would send forth 
labourers into his harvest." (Luke 10: 
2). " Say not ye, There are yet four 
months, and then cometh harvest? be- 
hold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes 
and look on the fields; for they are 
white already to harvest." John 4:35. 
Christ not only points out to His dis- 
ciples the need of the field but actually 
sends them into the field. No one is 
saved for himself alone, but all are saved 
to serve. " Go tell what I have done 
unto thee." Mark 5: 19. 

Let us look at another picture of 
Christ. It is after the resurrection; He 
has taught His disciples the principle of 
universal brotherhood with its accom- 
panying facts — sacrifice and service — He 
taught them humility, trained them in 
mission work and it would seem all has 
been done. But the Good Teacher 
makes a summary of the whole plan 
of God from the beginning and especial- 
ly of His own life and teaching, in the 
last and most sublime words He ever 
uttered, reiterating all in the great com- 
LO, I AM WITH YOU." Matt. 28: 18- 

How did the disciples understand this 
commission? Luke's history of their 
acts begins with the words, " A former 
treatise I made concerning all that Jesus 
began both to do and to teach " and he 
reminds them of their charge (Acts 1: 
8) " But ye shall receive power . . . 
and ye shall be my witnesses both in 
Jerusalem, in all Judea and Samaria and 
unto the uttermost parts of the earth." 
Power for what? There is but one use 
for power and that is to do work. Did 
the disciples so understand this? They 



certainly did; for they followed up the 
mission work according to Christ's out- 

Christ needed a capable man to go to 
the Gentiles so He called Paul who be- 
came, next to Christ, the greatest mis- 
sionary. " He was not disobedient to 
the heavenly vision." He realized that 
Christ gave unto us the ministry of rec- 
onciliation and that " we are therefore 
embassadors on behalf of Christ." 2 
Cor. 5:20. The four great journeys of 
Paul are the greatest evidence of his 
belief in this doctrine. This is equally 
true in the lives of the other disciples of 

How did the converts of these dis- 
ciples understand the mission move- 
ment? Gibbons' "History of Rome" 
says, " It became the most sacred duty 
of a new convert to diffuse among his 
friends the inestimable blessings which 
he had received." It was through this 
universal activity of the laity, helping 
the missionaries, that in ten years' time 
" All they which dwelt in Asia (Minor) 
heard the word of the Lord both Jews 

and Greeks" (Acts 19:10), for when 
any man was converted he went home 
and converted his house. For " As ev- 
er}' man hath received the gift, even so 
minister the same one to another as 
good stewards of the manifold grace of 
God," 1 Peter 4: 10. 

Wm. Carey, the Cobbler Missionary, 
(the first missionary to India from Eng- 
land, 1793) expressed the true and only 
interpretation of a Christian life in these 
words: "My business is to save souls. 
I cobble shoes to pay expenses." 

There is but one conclusion to the 
above facts. The religion of Jesus 
Christ is a missionary religion. The 
work and example of its Founder des- 
tined it to be such; its early spirit was 
missionary and its history is a mission- 
ary history. Whenever it has lost its 
missionary quality it has ceased to be it- 
self. Its characteristic temper has al- 
ways been missionary, its revivals of life 
and power have b^een attended by quick- 
ening of missionary energy, and mis- 
sionary activity is the one sign of true 
loyalty to its character and its Lord. 
The Lord has prepared the way. Say 
not " there are yet four months," but 
" come for all things are now ready." 
We will next consider the Open Door. 

The Gospel— " The All-Effectual Message." 

By C. H. Brubaker. 

" For I am not ashamed of the gospel 
of Christ: for it is the power of God 
unto salvation to every one that be- 
lieveth; to the Jew first, and also to the 

When Christ the " all-powerful Com- 
mander " had risen from the grave and 
said to His disciples, " Go ye into all 
the world, and preach the gospel to ev- 
ery creature," He not only gave them 
an authoritative command but He also 
gave them an " All-Effectual Message." 
He gave them a message of life, truth 
and salvation. He gave them a message 
that Paul the apostle was not ashamed 
of, although at one period in his life he 
had been an ardent persecutor of those 
who had believed the message. The 
gospel message was ineffectual in the 
life of Paul so long as he disbelieved it, 

but so soon as he believed it salvation 
was effected in his life and in the lives 
of many others through his faithful de- 
liverance of the message. 

It is a matter of no little moment 
what sort of a message is delivered to 
men. One can judge largely of the ef- 
fectualness of a message by the fruit it 
produces in those who believe it. What 
are the products of Buddhism? Even 
the purest form of Buddhism is power- 
less to regenerate life. The first Mrs. 
Judson's estimate of the system written 
in 1818, is true of the Buddhism of to- 
day: "The system of religion here has 
no power over the heart, or restraint on 
the passions. Though it forbids, on pain 
of many years' suffering in hell, theft 
and falsehood, yet, I presume to say, 
there is not a single Burman in the 



country, who, if he had a good oppor- 
tunity without danger of detection, 
would hesitate to do either. Though 
the religion inculcates benevolence, ten- 
derness, forgiveness of injuries, and love 
of enemies; though it forbids sensuality, 
love of pleasure, and attachment to 
worldly objects; yet it is destitute of 
power to produce the former, or to sub- 
due the latter, in its votaries. In short, 
the Burman system of religion is like an 
alabaster image, perfect and beautiful 
in all its parts, but destitute of life. 
Besides being destitute of life, it pro- 
vides no atonement for sin. Here also 
the Gospel triumphs over this and every 
other religion in the world." 

Buddha's message is ineffectual. It 
gives neither strength of character nor 
is it redemptive in its nature. Let us 
look and see what is wanting in Mo- 
hammed's message. Schlegel said long 
ago of Islam, it is "a prophet without 
miracles, a faith without mysteries, and 
a morality without love; which has en- 
couraged a thirst for blood, and which 
began and ended in the most unbound- 
ed sensuality." And back of the Mo- 
hammedan purdah system, which Aga 
Khan laments, is a more vital weakness. 
" The religion that does not purify the 
home is certain to deprave humanity. 
Motherhood must be sacred, if man- 
hood is to be honorable. Spoil the wife 
of sanctity, and for the man the sancti- 
ties of life have perished. And so it has 
been with Islam. It has reformed and 
lifted savage tribes; it has depraved and 
barbarized civilized nations. At the 
root of its fairest culture a worm has 
ever lived that has caused its blossoms 
soon to wither and die. Were Moham- 
med the hope of man, then his state 
were hopeless; before him could only 
lie retrogression, tyranny, and despair." 

Mohammed's message gives no hope 
of salvation; it leads to despair. Let us 
now look at a few defects of Hinduism: 
" (1) It encourages the present intel- 
lectual stagnation and imbecility, par- 
ticularly among the lower castes. (2) 
It is hostile to social reforms. (3) 
Through the slavery of caste rules indi- 
vidual liberty is impossible, as also be- 
cause of the enthronement of custom. 
(4) Religion is centered on outward 
ceremony. (5) In Hinduism religion 
and morality are divorced, while im- 
morality is deified and men can sin re- 
ligiously. (6) The means prescribed for 
deliverance from sin are worthless, such 
as bathing in the Ganges, rubbing ashes 
on the forehead, traveling long distances 
by measuring one's length on the 

ground, etc. (7) In a word Hinduism 
is rebellion against God, the rightful 
Lord of the universe. It gives the hon- 
or due to Him alone to numberless im- 
aginary gods, goddesses, demons, ani- 
mals, and inanimate objects, with the 
results pictured so vividly in the first 
chapter of Romans." 

We have now seen that the message 
of three great religions of the world is 
not an effectual one. We are now pre- 
pared to study the Christ message or the 
gospel message. The gospel message 
is adapted to all peoples, to all classes 
and conditions of men. It is effectual 
to the salvation of every one who be- 
lieveth. The Gospel of Christ is the 
power of God to salvation to the Greek 
and to the Jew, to the bond and to the 
free, to the pagan and to the barbarian, 
to the rich and to the poor. It is capa- 
ble of regenerating the life of the Cau- 
casian, the American Indian, the Ethio- 
pian, and the Malaysian. It has brought 
the abundant life to English, Irish, Scot- 
tish, French. German, Swede, Dane, Rus- 
sian, Chinese, Japanese, American, and to 
many an islander in the sea. We need 
only to look at those nations which have 
the more *fully accepted the message to 
see what an effectual message it is. 

We need but to look at the life of that 
man whom we have known to be desti- 
tute of all that savors of decency and 
manhood and behold the transformation 
that has taken place since he has ac- 
cepted Christ; we need but hear the 
words of praise and blessing proceed 
from the mouth of a man formerly pro- 
fane and vulgar; we need but behold the 
drunken, brutal husband transformed in- 
to a sober, kind and thoughtful com- 
panion by the power of the gospel mes- 
sage; we need, I say, but see the won- 
derfully changed lives right in our midst 
to understand the potency of the " All- 
Effectual Message." The power of 
Christ in a life makes it unselfish, sacri- 
ficing, helpful, blessed. 

We need not be in company with a 
missionary long or read many pages of 
missionary literature to see how effectu- 
al the gospel message is in heathen 
lands. Many men and women have 
been brought from the darkness of hea- 
thenism to the true and marvelous light 
of the Gospel. Many more are yet to 
be brought by God's grace. The mes- 
sage is All-Effectual. The Commander 
is Ail-Powerful. The need is stupen- 
dous. Will you heed the Commander? 
Will you carry the Message, my broth- 
er, my sister? 

University of California, Berkeley, Cal. 



Principal Foreign Hissionary Societies of the Evangelical Churches 
of the United States, 1903=04. 




M issionaries. 





r bu- 

• = 





~ c 



2 S 























a {■ 

_ — 

re n 










1 " 


American Board . . . 













Presbyterian Board (U. 

S. A.) 








So, 1 ? 2 





Presbyterian Board in 

U. S. (south) . . . 










7, "9 


Reformed Church in 














United Pre 5 byterian 

Church, N. A. . . . 













General Synod Re- 

formed Presbyterian 

Church, N. A. 1 . . 







1 200 





Synod of Reformed 

Presb. Church, N. A. 












Reformed Church in the 

United States . . . 













Cumberland Presbyte- 

rian 2 












Associate Reformed 

Presbyterian Church 












German Evangelical 

Synod of N. A. 



4 c 










American Baptist Mis- 

sionary Union . . . 













Southern Baptist Con- 














Free Baptists .... 













Seventh Day Baptists. 









6 000 

German Baptist Breth- 







3 1 





15.9 '7 

Methodist Epis. Ch. . 












1, 327,082 

Methodist Epis. Ch. 













Methodist Protestant 














Free Methodist Church, 

N. A 













Wesleyan Methodist a 








Protestant Episcopal 













Evangelical Associa'n 












20,61 1 

United Brethren in 













20, coo 

Evangelical Lutheran, 

Gen. Synod, U.S. A. 













United Synod of Evan. 

Lutheran Ch. (South) 













General Council Evan. 

Lutheran Ch., N. A. 











Foreign Christian Mis- 

sionary Society . . 













Christian Church . . 












American Friends . . 













Woman's Union Miss. 








American AdventMiss 











American Bible Society 






American Tract Society 



Swedish Free Mission 1 













Swedish Miss. Cov'nt 1 









60 175 



Scandinavian Alliance 


3 1 


3 2 





Hauge Synod * ... 










15 50 

| 500 













From report of last year. 

2 In part last year's report. 

8 4 


Statistics of the Principal Foreign Missionary Societies of Great 
Britain and Ireland. 

[This table and the following one of Societies in Continental Europe are from statistics furnished by 
Rev. H. O. Dwight, LL.D., of the Bureau of Missions.] 










r: 'w 





I J 



















5.3 2 3 
G 104,689 















Great Britain and Ireland. 














J 5 





















5 6 4 








n 5 










• 6 













86 ? 


























5 II,824 


















1 ,7°o 











7 1 5,907 





57. 59 1 


Baptist Zenana Miss. Society .... 

Chinese Blind: Murray's Miss. . . . 

Church of England Zenana Miss. See. 
Church of Scotland: For. Miss. Com. 
Friends' Foreign Mission Association 

Methodist New Connexion For. Miss. 
New England Company 


77Q.9 ? 5 



754, M7 

Presbyterian Ch. of England For. Mis- 
Presbyterian Church in Ireland . . . 
Primitive Methodist For. Missions . . 
" Regions Beyond " Missionary Union 
Society for the Propagation of the Gos 
South America Evangelical Miss. Soc. 
South American Missionary Society 2 
United Free Church of Scotland . . 
United Methodist Free Chs. For. Miss 
Universities Mission to Cent. Africa . 
Welsh Calvinistic Methodist For. Miss 
Wesleyan Methodist Miss. Soc. 3 . . . 
Zenana Bible and Medical Miss. Soc. 



Total, Great Britain and Ireland . 








1 Partly duplicated in report of S. P. G. 

2 Figures for i 902-1903, 

3 Missions in Prot. Islands of the West Indies included. 

4 From rep. of 1902-03 except income, which is for 1903-04. 

5 Adult baptisms. 

G Sab. school attendance included. 

7 Of -whom 9,053 are full church members. 

8 Of whom 18,566 are probationers. 

9 Including $73,799 from Women's Associations. 

Christ Very Strong. An interesting incident is narrated by Rev. Mr. 
Batchelor, the English missionary, who has labored much among the Ainus. 
A Polish gentleman, who spoke but little English but knew well many 
other languages, came to Mr. Batchelor and thus gave, in his broken English, 
his impressions as to what he had seen in Japan: " It is very curious. On 
one hand I am seeing on hill a Buddhist temple, on other hand a Shinto 
shrine; in de centers is Christian." " Just so," said I. " What about it? " 
11 Well," replied the man, " path to Shinto shrine, him not use, all grass; 
path to Buddhist temple, he not use, all grass. Both sides dead. Christian 
in middle, he very much alive." " Yes," I said; " that is so." " Ya," he 
said, " very, very interesting. Christ very strong. Buddha, Shinto, very 
weak in Japan." 

February, 1905] THE MISSIONARY VISITOR 85 

Foreign Missionary Societies in Continental Europe. 



Danish Missionary Society 1S21 

Loeventhal's Mission 1872 

Santals, India, Home Miss, to 1877 

Paris Evangelical Missionary Society . 

Finnish Missionary Society 


Berlin Missionary Society 1824 

Breklum Missionary Society 1877 

Chinese Blind, Mission to 1 1890 

German East Africa, Mission to . . . . 

Gossner Missionary Society 

Hannover, Luth. Free Church of l . . 

Hermannsburg Miss. Society 

Leipzig Missionary Society 

Neuendettelsau Miss. Society 

Neukirchen Miss. Institute 

North German Miss. Society 

Moravian Missions (Briidergemeine) . 
Rhenish Missionary Society 


Java Committee 

Mennonite Missionary Society 

Netherlands Missionary Society 

Netherlands Missionary Union 

Reformed Church Missionary Society 1 
Society for the Fropagation of the Gospel 

in Fgypt 1 

Utrecht Missionary Society 

Norwegian Church Mission of Schreuder 
Norwegian Lutheran China Mission . • . 
Norwegian Missionary Society 

Swedish Church Missionary Society . . . 
Swedish Evang. National Miss. Society . 

Swedish Missionary Society 

Swedish Mission in China 3 


Basel Missionary Society 

Suisse Romande Missionary Society . . 













5 co 










2 5,3 ? 4 





57, 36 


8.7 >2 

26 [ 

2.97 1 









21 ,l62 


32,8 O 




40 r 




















434 3,7^o 
102 400 

338 1.834 

24.365 i,9^f 
i,554 J 38 






,334 1 960 9,846 '02,173 28,545 362,579 $2>39 6 ,397 

Figures for the year 1902-03. 


8 Statistics in China Inland Mission. 

It is borne in upon us how grievously the burden of man's lot is aggravated 
by slovenly dates, illegible signatures and forgetfulness that writing is some- 
thing meant to be read. — W. E. Gladstone. 



Summary of Protestant Foreign Missions. 

The foregoing tables give the statistics of foreign missionary work as 
carried on by societies in the United States, Canada, Great Britain and 
Ireland and Continental Europe. Those for the United States and Canada 
we have collected by direct correspondence with each society within a few 
weeks. The tables for European societies have been furnished us by Dr. 
D wight of the Bureau of Missions from the latest annual reports received. 
Our thanks are due to Dr. Dwight for this aid. Missionary societies in 
Australia, Asia and Africa are slow in making their reports, and we have 
been unable to obtain them in sufficient number to include in our summary. 

The figures below do not present all the work that might be tabulated 
were the reports complete. They are below the truth in all cases, very 
much below in some cases. Nevertheless, a summary of this kind is called 
for and is valuable, though it should always be borne in mind that the 
statements are below the real facts in the case. 


K ~ 

v. t; 

C 1' 














Under Instruc- 










12, Ol6 

















51,9 2 4 

1,2 2 9 





5 6 4,3 I 4 






Great Hritain and Ireland .... 
Continental Europe 









On Our Way to India. 

By Florence Baker Pittenger. 

Long before daybreak, Nov. 16, every- 
body aboard the " Liguria " was astir. 
How could it be otherwise after hav- 
ing spent fourteen days on the Atlantic, 
and knowing that soon we were to pull 
into the harbor of Naples, Italy? At 
last day approached and the ancient 
city appeared most beautifully nestled 
among the hills. To our right was old 
Vesuvius putting forth a volume of 
smoke. Snow could be seen on the 
mountain top. 

By eight o'clock our ship was an- 

chored. Already the dock was crowded 
with men, women, children, wagons and 
carts. Little sail boats crowded around 
our ship, and such a noise and confusion 
as each person called out his wares, 
which consisted of fruit, rolls, candies, 
papers, postal-cards, matches, shoe 
strings, cheap jewelry and the like. 
Long before the gang plank was let 
down, a number of these sellers had 
climed on board by means of ropes, and 
persisted in trying to make people buy. 
Yes, we were in a strange land. I 



could not understand why the shafts of 
a vehicle extend over the back of the 
animal instead of by his side. And then 
it seemed to me it would be better if 
the donkeys, oxen, buffaloes and horses 
would be hitched up each kind by itself, 
rather than one of each kind hitched 
side by side. I realized that one was 
sure of getting pure and fresh milk 
when the cows, buffaloes and goats were 
driven to the door and each person 
milked just as much as he wanted. 
There is an excuse for moving slowly 
when a woman has a large bundle on 
her head, and her wooden shoes slip up 
and down at every step. 

When the " Balduino " had brought us 
safely to Messina, Sicily, the scene of 
Naples was repeated. Many of those 
who came out to sell were Arabs. Their 
peculiar dress, once of bright colors, 
was worn and dirty. During our thirty 
hours' wait there the natives tormented 
us constantly to buy something. At 
mealtime the street musicians came out 
and played for us. When we were 
about ready to leave the table they 
passed their money plate. Eastern peo- 
ple seem to think travelers are made of 

At Port Said, Egypt, we went ashore 
for a few hours, and were much pleased 
with the place. Had it not been for 
the bright-colored and peculiar dress of 
the people, we could have imagined our- 
selves in an American city. The build- 
ings have a home-like appearance, the 
streets are wide and clean, the shops of 
all descriptions are well kept. Should 
a gentleman walk the streets of Phila- 
delphia barefooted, with his grand- 
mother's bright green dress skirt on and 
a flashing red breakfast shawl around 

his head, he would raise quite a com- 
motion. Such a scene is perfectly in 
place in Port Said. The men wear 
dresses of all colors and different styles. 

At Aden the natives were not allowed 
to come on board because of plague in 
the city. They screamed to the passen- 
gers to let the money down in baskets 
and get their wares in like manner. 
Their wardrobe could not have cost 
much because the upper half of their 
body was bare. The tropical sun has 
no effect on their tough, brown skin. 
The " pale faces " would soon be over- 
come, should they venture out as these 
natives do. 

Quite a number of our crew are na- 
tives of India. It is interesting to see 
them sit- on the floor, twelve and more 
around one dish, and eat rice and curry 
with their fingers. 

A variety of religious beliefs are rep- 
resented on board our ship, — Moham- 
medan, Hindu, Jesuit, Church of Eng- 
land and a number of Protestant de- 
nominations. Doubtless many profess 
no belief. Our experiences are teaching 
us daily of the great need of more la- 
borers in the Master's field, — the world. 
We are impressed as never before, of 
the great duty that rests upon the fol- 
lowers of the true God to make Him 
known to the souls now groping in 

If all goes well, in twenty-four hours 
more we will be in Bombay. The Lord 
has blessed us richly all along the way. 
He has given us a smooth voyage, and 
countless other things to enjoy. Gladly 
do we go into our chosen work, praying 
that God's plan may be worked out in 
our life. 

Indian Ocean, Dec. 6, 1904. 



A Brief on Young People's Missionary Classes. 

By C. V. Vickrey, Secretary of Young People's Missionary Move- 
ment in the United States, New York City. 

We began to prepare a leaflet of tes- 
timonies from mission study class mem- 
bers, as to the value of mission study. 
We found that a bulk pamphlet or book- 
let would be required to include even the 
best of the material at hand. The brief 
of it is this, — the scores, yes, hundreds 
of letters at hand from mission study 
classes show conclusively: 

1. That mission study is interesting, 
even fascinating, and that classes have 
a tendency to increase in membership 
rather than diminish; interest likewise 
increasing as the study progresses. 
Hundreds of quotations could be made 
testifying to this fact, and we are unable 
to find a single testimony to the con- 

2. That a considerable number of 
young people have been led to conse- 
crate their lives to personal service on 
mission fields, who probably never 
would have dreamed of such service had 
it not been for the enlarged outlook — 
the world vision that came to them in 
the study of the world field, and of the 
triumphs of the Cmss in mission lands. 

3. That there has been a marked in- 
crease in giving on the part of the mem- 
bers of the classes. One young labor- 
ing • man, who had never given more 
than $1.00 at any one time to missions, 
was so interested that before the course 
of study was half completed he had 
given $46.50. Others with larger in- 
comes, who are prevented from going to 
the field in person, are coming to realize 
their opportunity in supporting substi- 
tutes on the field. Young People's So- 
cieties are assuming part or all of the 
support of a missionary. 

4. That the knowledge of the need on 
mission fields, is bringing the young 
people into sympathetic relation with 
the non-Christian world, and, as a nat- 

ural result, is increasing greatly the vol- 
ume of prayer that ascends in behalf of 
mission work. 

5. That missionary work affords a 
definite objective toward which the ac- 
tivities of voting people can be directed, 
and furnishes a limitless outlook for 
their pent-up, latent power. 

6. That the reflex influence of mission 
study upon the home church shows it- 
?elf promptly and prominently in the re- 
discovery of " work at our own door," 
and in the reawakening and application 
of powers that long have been dormant, 
or half buried in inactivity. 

7. That if the church of the future, 
as at present enrolled, organized and in 
training in the Young People's Societies, 
can be enlisted in the prayerful, sympa- 
thetic study of Christian Missions, there 
will be no question about the missionary 
spirit and consecration of the Protestant 
Christian church of the next generation. 


The study of the History of Modern 
Missions is one of the most interesting, 
fascinating, inspiring subjects that can 
engage an active young mind. It deep- 
ens the spiritual life. It promotes in- 
telligent prayer. It increases giving. 
It reacts wonderfully upon the spiritual 
life and activities of the local church. 


If hundreds of Young People's So- 
cieties have found in the study of Chris- 
tian Missions, that breadth of outlook 
and spiritual uplift, which has put new 
life, purpose and power into its half- 
slumbering organization, and made its 
influence felt throughout the church, 
why may not I take steps to secure the 
organization of a class in my own 
church during this nresent winter sea- 
con? 3 

February, 1905] 

A Bhil Funeral. 


By S. N. McCann. 

On the evening of Nov. 15, 1903, 
about seven o'clock the funeral drum 
and brass cymbal sent their doleful 
notes out over the cool, crisp air of 
Komersgam, announcing the death of a 
little seven-year-old heathen Bhil girl, 
Poona Daber. The drummers and the 
cymbal beaters are hired for the oc- 
casion and every hour during the night 
and until the funeral procession starts 
they drum and beat for about five min- 
utes at a time, but if plenty of spirits are 
furnished the drumming and beating is 
continuous. In this case the family be- 
ing poor, spirits were scantily supplied. 
When the time for burying had come, 
the corpse was carried out and laid on a 
cot in front of the house, red paint was 
put on the forehead, hands and feet, 
a red sari thrown over the body, a ves- 
sel of spirits hung on the right bed 
post, a vessel containing fire on the 
left, and at the breast a vessel filled 
with food was placed. The cot is then 
carried by two men, the one in front 
carrying a drawn sword, the one behind 
carrying the scabbard. Parched grain 
is thrown on the corpse all the way to 
the funeral pyre. Just before reaching 
the water where the burning takes place, 
money is given by the parents for the 
purpose of conveying the spirit across 
the mystic river into the spirit world. 
The money is passed by the father over 
the sword to the drummer who at this 
time has the point of the sword in his 
hand. Sometimes others with swords 
and guns accompany the funeral. 
Heavy firing with blank loads is fre- 
quent, a sword mock duel is fought, in 
which the participants go through many 
strange motions. 

On reaching the place of burning, 
while the pyre is being prepared, the 
women sat in a group near the corpse, 
smoked and wept. More grain is placed 

on the corpse, water is brought from the 
river in the vessel that had contained 
the fire. The water and the fire, fol- 
lowed by the corpse, was carried around 
the funeral pyre four times, when the 
bed containing the corpse was laid on 
the pyre. Some water was poured into 
the mouth of the corpse, the rest being 
set at the head. Food was placed in 
the mouth, then spirits, and I have seen 
them put money into the mouth and a 
lighted pipe. A sheet was then held 
above the corpse, more grain, both 
cooked and raw, was placed near it, then 
a new sari, two strings were laid across 
it, one at the head and one at the feet. 
An axe is taken and the head of the 
bed is cleft and the prye fired from both 

Beedies, native cigarettes, were made 
from some of the leaves from the pyre 
and placed at the head and at the feet. 
Two axes were brought and stuck into 
the fire at the head and then thrown 
to the right. The women then all go 
to the stream and bathe, the men re- 
maining by the corpse until it is con- 
sumed, when they also go and bathe. 
After this all assemble at the water and 
if they can afford it get liquor enough 
to get drunk. However poor, all drink 
and dance, thus closing the funeral cere- 

Feasting and drinking at funerals is a 
common heathen custom, but for Chris- 
tians such conduct is not becoming. 
Has the Christian church in America en- 
tirely outlived such customs? 

We have allowed our Christians 
among the Bhils to burn their dead. 
We have as a rule been able to have 
the funeral conducted in a becoming 
Christian manner. In some cases there 
has been an effort to go through the 
heathen rites, but as a rule there is little 
or no trouble. 



The Religion of India. 

By Jesse M. Heckman. 

Over India the strong hand of Great 
Britain maintains an admirable form of 
government, encourages progress and 
metes out impartial religious liberty. 
The whole country is unarmed and any 
one has the privilege of advocating his 
own peculiar doctrine without being mo- 
lested or assaulted. 

The low state of morality, the caste 
system and restriction, and idolatrous 
customs have been some of the strong- 
est opposing forces against missionary 
work in this field. 

Hindooism is represented as God 
without morality, Buddhism as morality 
without God. Hindooism, the national 
religion, is said to make no conversions 
from other religions. The Hindoo opin- 
ion is that Christianity is surely estab- 
lishing itself and that their idolatry must 
soon yield to its divine influence. 

Neither prejudice nor ignorance can 
continue when some of the best of men, 
non-Christians, are avowed Bible read- 
ers; when Hindoo professors in college 
publicly advise their students to read 
the Bible for the best ethical code ex- 
tant, and for the purest literature, and 
simplest style of excellent English. 
When this is true, as it occasionally is, 
there are silent influences at work, the 
extent of which no one can tell. 

When the vast multitudes come to 
know, as know they will, what the reli- 
gion of Jesus has done for others, there 
are not a few who will see clearly that 
the same religion will do the same thing 
for them. 

Mahommedans also feel that Chris- 
tianity is a growing factor against the 
teaching of the Koran. But large quar- 
ters in some of our larger cities are oc- 
cupied by various nationalities who rep- 
resent these various religions, and who 
catechise their children and followers 
against the teachings of Christ and His 

Word — even denying the existence of 
our God. The Mahommedans do not 
worship idols but their corrupt morals 
are repulsive in the extreme. 

Some of the people of India use prayer 
rugs which they spread upon the ground 
and there go over a form of prayer. 
Others use prayers wheels which con- 
tain printed prayers. These they twirl 
around and each time the wheel revolves 
it represents the prayer as having been 
said. Others worship various objects 
and, says Bro. Stover: "Our windmill 
at Bulsar has often been worshiped and 
I have been worshiped." 

O, my fellow Christians! Have you 
ever felt the pang of knowing that you 
had violated the law of God? Do you 
recall your experience, how you went 
down deep into the truths of the blessed 
old Bible, and there learned the cure for 
sin from the lives of holy ones of old? 
There oft, perhaps, when you were alone 
with your thoughts, in the lonely watch- 
es of the night, you plead for mercy, yes, 
wrestled long and persistently with the 
Spirit and would not let Him go until 
you received His promise of a blessing — 
and, lo! angels came and ministered un- 
to you. How would you have experi- 
enced such blessing through the me- 
chanical use of a prayer wheel? 

It is said that in India there are 19,000 
castes and twenty castes among the out- 
castes. A high caste man will allow a 
cow belonging to a low caste man to 
drink from a certain vessel; but the 
owner of the cow does not so much as 
dare touch the vessel. 

The government prohibits the publica- 
tion of certain Hindoo literature because 
of its corruption. This same govern- 
ment has abolished the custom of the 
suttee (or burning of widows) as well as 
infant sacrifices. 

Much of this improvement is due di- 


9 1 

rectly or indirectly to the influence of 
the workers in the various missionary 
organizations. Of these there are nine 
distinct classes, averaging five societies 
each. These societies have an average 
of 86 workers. 

There are 23,000,000 widows in India; 
74,000 are under nine years and thou- 
sands under four. But there is a ray of 
hope in this that these idolatrous people 
still look for one who is to come — the 
Sinless, Spotless One. From this hope 
the missionary has an appropriate text 
from which to preach Christ as did Paul 
from the inscription to the Unknown 

Calcutta is the metropolis of India and 
upon the site of the historic Black Hole 
Prison now stands the beautiful post 
office. Many other features have made 
similar progress. Near Serampore Col- 
lege rest the remains of those three ear- 
ly pioneers: Wm. Carey, who began 
work in India A. D. 1793, with Marsh- 
man and Ward, who joined him a little 

The Judsons, Rice and their company 
were welcomed by Wm. Carey in 1812. 
At that time the East India Company 
opposed the work. Then came Board- 
man and Wade, Lyman Jewett and John 
E. Clough. These with Dunjuboi the 
Christian and Joel — both native workers 
— did much effective work. There were 
also John Wilson in Bombay, Alexander 
Duff in Calcutta and John Anderson in 
Madras. After fifty years the Karen 
Christians numbered 20,000. Now there 
are over 120,000. There are now 2,923,- 
349 Christians in India. No less than 
973,439 are in Madras Presidency and 
neighboring states. Does all this pay? 
Does it pay? Does it pay? 

One little woman who was educated in 
the Sanscrit by her mother and lived in 
a forest home has established a home 
for girls and widows. Many native help- 
ers are now teaching others, adapting 
the teaching to the language of the peo- 
ple whom they are teaching. 

There are many things which hinder 
the conversion of India but when we go 

back only one decade to the memorable 
16th of October, 1894, when Bro. Stover 
sailed from New York for Bombay, we 
can see that there has been a mighty 
transformation among those to whom 
our willing workers were sent. Al- 
though these first of the Brethren toiled 
and waited two long years for the first 
convert, the response came much quick- 
er than in many of the older mission so- 
cieties. There were eleven of the first 
group who were baptized. Famine ex- 
tremities give our workers splendid op- 
portunities to gather together the suf- 
fering and teach them. During the fam- 
ine seasons at the close of the century 
many children were gathered into the or- 
phanage at Bulsar, many of whom are 
now staunch Christians and some are 
making marked progress as helpers. 

The stations occupied by Bro. Stover, 
Bro. Forney, Bro. McCann and Bro. 
Ebey form a chain 140 miles long. 
There are a few hundred communicants 
of the Brethren church now in India — 
it is probable that the membership of 
India may some day outnumber that of 
the homek.nd; for now that so many new 
workers are joining our army there, a 
new impetus will be given that will 
quicken the evangelical pulse and cause 
the hearts of the millions of India's de- 
graded people to beat in rythmic har- 
mony with the great heart of that Sin- 
less, Spotless One for whom they wait 
and of whom they have not heard. 

We should rejoice that the Brethren 
church, as she stands upon the threshold 
of this century, is, with her steady hand, 
ringing out from the belfry of this age 
a new crusade of missions. We may 
help to revolutionize the religion of In- 

In 1853 the English Baptist mission 
was contemplating the closing of the 
" Lone Star Mission." Samuel F. Smith 
then wrote and read before that so- 
ciety the words, 

" Shine on, Lone Star, thy radiance 

Shall spread o'er all the Eastern sky," 

etc., etc. 

The mission was continued. May our 
prayer be, " Let thy kingdom come also 
in India as all over the world!" 

9 2 


Editorial Comment. 


How little does the church realize the 
value of the teens through which her 
young people are passing! It is now an 
established fact gathered from a large 
range of statistics that the ages of fif- 
teen and sixteen are the years when 
3 r oung people in the greatest number ac- 
cept Christ. It is further a sad, appalling 
fact that not one out of fifty persons who 
pass twenty-five accept Christ under the 
most favorable circumstances. 

In the light of these facts where 
should the Brethren church put her 
greatest forces? It is clear that if she 
is interested in the future of the church 
as well as her present good, that she 
should be giving the following most 
serious consideration: — 

First, see to it that the Sunday 
schools of the church are manned with 
spiritual and deeply consecrated officers 
and teachers, — teachers who are an in- 
spiration as well as an example to the 
children under them. The policy of 
each and every school should be dis- 
tinctly missionary in its general trend 
for the simple reason that this is the 
primary aim of the church in the world 
in its normal condition. 

Second, the Christian Workers' meet- 
ings should be given every help and en- 
couragement possible. By this is meant 
that the corrective influences be of such 
a character as to bend the twig and not 
break it. The training should lead 
nearer to Christ, stir great enthusiasm, 
much sacrifice in service, a spirit of 
seeking another's good to such an extent 
that the young members would go the 
country over seeking some service, 
humble, unnoticed yet needful, all in 
the name of the Master. 

Fourth, the Reading Circle of the 
church has done a great good and should 
;be pushed. There are those elements in 

its plan which are already being felt 
in a deeper work for Christ. But hard- 
ly a hint of its possibilities and useful- 
ness has been developed. Some step, 
some measure that will quicken interest 
in this Circle Work will bring in rich 
returns for the Master's cause. 

What more can be said? The fathers 
and mothers are reached through the 
children quicker than any other avenue. 
Fear not that they will feel slighted. 
The tender, sweet food good for the 
lambs is always relished by the older 
sheep. " Tend the sheep," yes, direct 
their matured powers to their greatest 
productiveness. But above all things 
" feed the lambs." 


A revival in Wales now going on is 
of such a nature as to call forth general 
comment. It started through the fer- 
vency of an address of a laymember at 
an Endeavor meeting one Sunday. 
People began to make confession at 
once. At another point not far distant 
a young man preparing for the ministry 
spoke in a very stirring manner. He 
proposed to hold some meetings. His 
addresses are not prepared, but utter- 
ances as the Spirit directs. The speech- 
es are interspersed with songs, and the 
sessions last as late as three and four 
in the morning. The revival is among 
the workingmen. Laborers during the 
day even with pick in hand will cry out 
for the Lord to save them. Never be- 
fore has there been such a remarkable 
movement among the people without the 
administration of the regular clergy. 

Is it to be taken as a comment upon 
present-day methods of presenting the 
truth? Are the ministers too formal, 
too distant, too impracticable in their 
labors? That there is many an address 



that would chill the spirit in every one 
within hearing, goes without saying. 
May it not be that the work of the 
church, her manner of worship, and all, 
including the " firstly, secondly," etc., of 
the preacher, has crushed out the life 
and substituted a form of godliness in- 
stead? Oh, for a revival of the Spirit 
by humbly obeying His Word and walk- 
ing His ways! It would renew the 
church at home; it would give the church 
abroad such a dash forward that the 
nations of the earth would marvel and 
then accept Jehovah as God. 

* * * 


Fourteen years ago a Chicago capital- 
ist gave $50,000 as endowment to the 
American Sunday-school Union, the 
interest only to be used in the work of 
the Union. In eleven years the Union 
was enabled by the income from this 
endowment to establish 819 Sunday 
schools with 29,784 scholars: to revisit 
and reaid these and other schools, 3,556 
times; to make 97,559 visits to the homes 
of people; to hold 8,577 meetings, dis- 
tribute 6,149 Bibles and Testaments, and 
$6,693 worth of religious literature. 

The above facts have been gleaned 
from E. G. Ensign's speech made be- 
fore the meeting of the Union in St. 
Louis this summer, and is given here 
as an illustration of the advantage of 
endowment. The donor could have had 
the $50,000 used the year he gave it and 
then his work would have been done as 
far as direct effort is concerned. But in 
the endowment plan his $50,000 is in- 
tact for the society and is going on do- 
ing just as much good to-day as it be- 
gan to do the first year it was used. 

The Committee's endowment is used 
for the world-wide missions in a similar 
manner. While a report with details as 
specific cannot be given, every one who 
takes a share in the endowment may 
know that there is no way to work as 
long and as effectual for the church as 

by this plan. Should any one wish to 
know the particulars the Committee will 
be ready at any time to inform them. 

♦ * * 


Every one who is interested in the 
growth and progress of the Gospel as 
carried on by the church general will 
be pleased to study the reports of the 
various missionary societies as given in 
this number of the Visitor. The plates 
have been kindly loaned by Dr. E. E. 
Strong the editor of the Almanac of 
the A. B. C. F. M., an annual always 
full of such information that is inter- 
esting to all students of missions. 

♦$•■ ♦*+ ♦$► 


All Christian people are more or less 
acquainted with the terrors of leprosy 
when once it has fastened itself upon its 
unfortunate victim. That they suffer 
long and beyond description is a mild 
way of speaking of it; that these people 
have souls as others have and 
have need of salvation is also true. 
That there is an organization as large 
as the Mission to Lepers in India and 
the East, and that this mission is having 
the results indicated in the following 
taken from the Bombay Guardian is 
very gratifying: — 

Founded 30 years ago this Society is 
now working in 72 stations on behalf of 
these sufferers and their children — one 
of its Asylums alone sheltering nearly 
700 inmates. Upwards of 7,000 lepers 
are supported or aided, and 500 un- 
tainted children are being brought up 
in its Homes. As leprosy is contagious 
(though not hereditary), these children, 
if not rescued, would almost certainly 
fall victims to the disease. It is doubt- 
less due, in part at least, to the work 
of the Mission, that the last census 
shows a gratifying decrease in the num- 



ber of lepers in India. Its methods have 
been tested by time and have secured 
the hearty approval of the highest au- 
thorities as being at once humane, ef- 
ficient and economical. In addition to 
food and clothing, medical aid is pro- 
vided in the Society's Asylums. That 
the constant (though not compulsory), 
religious teaching is fruitful is evidenced 
by the 300 Christian lepers in the various 
Institutions. During the past two years 
16 new Asylums or Homes have been 
added to the Society's responsibilities, 
and its work has now assumed a national 
importance which should appeal to a 
wider circle than that of its present sup- 
porters. To sustain these 16 ad- 
ditional Stations, and to mark the close 
of 30 years' successful work, the Com- 
mittee earnestly hope to raise a special 
fund of £3,000. 

v V V 1 

The American Bible Society reports 
'that their agent at San Juan, Porto 
Rico, sold almost 25,000 Bibles and 
Testaments from 1898 to September, 
1904. The work of this Society in dis- 
tributing the Word without comment is 
most commendable. 

The Pastor and Modern Missions. — 
A plan for leadership in World Evange- 
lization, by John R. Mott. 

Should there be a minister anywhere 
in doubt about his relation to missions 
and the important position in the church 
which he holds in regards to them, let 
him read this most striking presentation 
of the pastor's privilege and duties to- 
wards this one great work of the church. 

Should there be a minister who seeks 
a brief, but clear survey of the field, 
the resources of the church, the power 
of the means within reach, the secret of 
gaining these means for Christ, and so 
on, let him begin this excellent book, and 
he will read to the end. 

Ah, should there be a minister who is 
indifferent to missions, a condition too 
often to be found, let there be a lay- 
member in his congregation who will 
have the cause enough at heart to pre- 
sent this volume to that minister, and 
when he has read its pages he will be a 
changed man, a truly converted man, 
a missionary man, and a deeply spiritual 
and sacrificing man. His congregations 
will note a new and sweeter message 
than heretofore, a power unknown be- 
fore will have entered his mind and 
heart, all because of what this book will 
have done for him. 

Have I said too much, or am I ex- 
pecting too much from the book? 

Note its general heads, — just five of 
them: 1. The nonchristian world at the 
beginning of the twentieth century and 
its message to the churches of Christen- 
dom. 2. The pastor as an educational 
force in the world's evangelization. 3. 
The pastor as a financial force in the 
world's evangelization. 4. The pastor as 
a recruiting force in the world's evange- 
lization. 5. The pastor as a spiritual 
force in the world's evangelization. 

Go with me through just one chap- 
ter, — The pastor as an educational force, 
and note the subheads treated. 1. Why 
church members should be intelligent 
concerning the enterprise of world 
evangelization. 2. How pastors may 
promote the education of the church 
members concerning the enterprise, — 
Through the pulpit, — Through Mis- 
sionary meetings, — Through Young Peo- 
ple's Organizations, — Through mission- 
study classes, — Through making avail- 
able the sources of missionary intelli- 
gence, — What is required of a pastor in 
order that he may do all this properly. 

Every member whose heart is in mis- 
sions will be greatly helped by this book. 
To such Mr. Mott needs no introduction. 
The writer wishes there was some plan 
by which this book could be placed in 
the hands of every minister in the Breth- 
ren church. It would revolutionize the 
spirit of the church in regard to mis- 



Sentiment, Progress, Reform. 

The Methodist church has already two 

chapels in Porto Rico and has lately 

purchased the ground for two more, the 

one to be in Utuado and the other in 


<$» <$> * 

McKim, the Episcopal bishop at 
Tokyo thinks that Christianity has an 
influence in the mind and heart fully 
a hundred times greater than is shown 
in actual membership to Christian 


* ♦> ■* 

Bishop Ferguson of Liberia at the 
Episcopial Convention at Boston ex- 
plained a plan for a girls' school, say- 
ing that $14,500 was necessary to its 
completion. A week later he received a 
letter enclosing a check and asking him 
to go ahead and put up the building. 

* * * 

A. C. M. S. missionary relates the 
following: — A Japanese colonel caught 
by the Russians inside their lines was 
condemned to be shot as a spy. He 
took a roll of bank bills from his pocket 
and asked that they might be given to 
the Russian Red Cross Society. " I 
have long been a Christian," he ex- 
claimed, " but this is my first chance to 
do a definitely Christian act." 
* 4> 4$» 

At Flagstaff in Arizona the Christian 
people set an example which many cities 
in the United States might well afford to 
copy after if done in the same spirit. The 
town was billed for a minstrel show in 
the town hall one Sunday night. The 
people were helpless in preventing the 
show because of the law, but the 
churches held services and made the dis- 
cussion so interesting that the show was 
poorly attended. The discussion in the 
churches was on the evils of such enter- 
tainments as was going on in the hall. 

Hear ye the onward march of civili- 
zation in Liberia? At the College at 
Monrovia, Liberia, the students now are 
studying physics, chemistry and botany; 
and geology is to be added to the 

courses soon. 

* *• * 

In parts of China Sunday is observed 
as a day of rest, not because of any re- 
spect to Christianity but because they 
have learned that one day of rest for 
man and beast is good for both alike. 

* «f» * 

Last July at Johannesburg, South 
Africa, there was held a General Mis- 
sionary Conference. There were more 
than 100 representatives from upwards 
of twenty-five societies of all denomi- 
nations in those parts save Roman 
Catholics. British, American, German, 
French, Swiss, Dutch, and Scandi- 
navian were the nationalities repre- 

* & *> 

The total number of the pilgrims that 
were assembled at Mecca and Medina 
this year was 92,500, a number which is 
said not to have been reached for forty 
years past. If we add to this number 
the 57,500 inhabitants of Mecca, tha 
3,000 of Medina, the 4,000 of Jeddah, the 
500 of Taif, the 8,000 camel-drivers and 
Bedouins, and the 2,000 soldiers we get 
a total of over 160,000, who were 
crowded together at once in the " holy " 
towns. It is computed that from 9,000 
to 10,000 of the pilgrims have not re- 
turned home; 4,000 to 5,000 are said to 
have died of diseases; considerable num- 
bers have probably fallen victims by the 
Bedouins, and some hundreds are said 
have stayed in the holy towns. Among 
the 73,844 pilgrims who arrived, by sea 
it is said that 17,942 were from India 
and Afghanistan. — Bombay Guardian. 

9 6 


The watchword for the Foreign Chris- 
tian Missionary Society for 1905 is " A 
Quarter of a Million Dollars for Foreign 
Missions this Year." 

%r $fr ♦£ 

A very significant step in the progress 
of Christianity in Mexico is seen in the 
opening on the first Monday in January 
of a girls' school in Mexico City. It is 
called the Sarah L. Keene College. It 
will accommodate 600 pupils. No re- 
strictions. No limitations are made as 
to what girls shall enter the school, but 
all must attend and conform to the order 
of religious service which is according to 
the form of the Methodist Episcopal 


>♦♦ ♦> 4> 

There is money and to spare in this 
country. The population of the United 
States is about three and a half times 
greater than it was in 1850, but the 
wealth is fourteen times greater than 

it was then. 

<* * * 

For 1905 the Methodist church will 
spend .$731,500 for foreign missions; 
$578,500 for Domestic missions; $75,000 
for foreign property: $45,000 for inci- 
dental fund; and $107,000 for miscella- 
neous. Of this last item $48,000 will be 
for salaries of officers and missionary 
bishops; $18,000 for office expenses; and 
$41,000 for disseminating missionary in- 
formation among their churches. Their 
total appropriations for 1905 are $1,537,- 


* * * 

In 1891 the Moravians opened a mis- 
sion in German East Africa at the 
Northern end of Lake Nyassa. It was 
more than five years before one con- 
vert was baptized. After seven years 
there were four Moravian stations, 36 
pupils in school and 52 baptized Chris- 
tians. At the end of 1903, after twelve 
years work, that mission had 120 sta- 
tions and substations and 1,087 souls 
under religious instruction, of whom 340 
were baptized. — World Wide Missions. 

The days are not the same. Those 
who heretofore despised us are now 
seeking to know the reasons for our 
uplift and salvation. We point them to 
the Lord Jesus Christ. — Chinese Evan- 
gelist Shi. 

* 4» * 

Confucius gave us some external ve- 
neer in courtesies and manners, but Je- 
sus Christ gives us internal regeneration 
and eternal life, and inspires us to min- 
ister to others. — Pastor Chen. 

*♦ 4* & 

I have been massing my giving largely 
on the Home Missionary Society, be- 
cause I have been profoundly impressed 
with a sense of the overwhelming im- 
portance of converting America to 
Christ. I also believe the true way to 
help all the causes of benevolence is to 
help to plant home churches, for upon 
their existence depends the success of 
our benevolent objects. — Judge Currier. 

* *■ * 

" My Jesus, as Thou wilt, 

All shall be well with me; 
Each changing future scene 

I gladly leave with Thee. 
Straight for my home above 

I travel calmly on — 
And sing in life and death, 

My Father's will be done." 

*> *> ♦> 

The church that is not missionary in 
its spirit must repent or wane; the pas- 
tor who is not should reform or resign. 
— A. C. Thompson. 

And some one says "Missions! mis- 
sions! always missions!" Yes, always 
missions, because they are the life- 
blood, the heart-beat, the lungs' breath 
of the body of Jesus Christ. — Bishop 


♦ * * 

The principles of strategic wisdom 
should lead us to look on these United 
States as first and foremost the chosen 
seat of enterprise for the world's con- 
version. Forecasting the future of 



Christianity as statesmen forecast the 
destiny of nations, we must believe that 
it will be what the future of this country 
is to be. As goes America, so goes the 
world in all that is vital to its moral 
welfare. — Dr. Austin Phelps. 

♦ * * 

The fate of the world is to be decided 
in America. Every American ought to 
care more for the home missionary 
work than for anything else in the 
world. — Foreign Missionary. 

*• * ♦♦♦ 

As I understand Christ's organization 
of His church, He has called it into 
being in order that it may carry on to 
its completion the mission which He 
came to initiate, and this mission is 
carrying to humanity the glad tidings of 
hope and love and life through the 
revelation of God in Jesus Christ. Mis- 
sions is not a mere incident in the 
church, but the very end and object of 
its existence. — Lyman Abbott. 

♦ * * 

" More decisions looking to the mis- 
sionary service are made in college than 
in all previous stages of training." — 
Pres. W. J. Tucker. 

♦ * * 

God's providence now calls us with a 
trumpet tongue. He opens the nations; 
He brings them to our doors. Some of 
ns can remember when Japan was closed 
utterly to Western civilization, when 
Korea was a hermit nation, and China 
opened only at the five treaty ports; 
when in India the presence of the Gos- 
pel was resisted both by an almost un- 
broken Hinduism and also by British of- 
ficialism; when Africa was a dark and 
unexplored continent; when no Bible 
could be sold in Rome, and the Inqui- 
sition still lingered in Spain; when 
Central and South America were for- 
bidden ground for the evangelical faith. 
Such things we remember. But how 
changed! The open door for which wc 
prayed has come. — E. G. Andrews. 

Home Missions is the divine vocation; 
the one great duty of the Christian 
Church of this country to-day; besides 
which all other duties sink in insig- 
nificance. — Dr. Goodsped. 

«f» ♦♦♦ ♦> 

When I found Him in my bosom, 

Then I found Him everywhere, 
In the bud and in the blossom 

In the earth and in the air; 
And He spake to me in clearness 

From the silent stars that say, 
" As ye find Him in His nearness, 

Ye shall find Him far away." 

— Walter C. Smith. 

* * +1* 

In East Central Africa chiefs of three 
different tribes offered without solicita- 
tion the ground for a mission station 
within their borders and promised $4.00 
per month and clothing and food for 
ten children at each station if the Meth- 
odist church would assume the charge 

of missions. 

■•J* *$•• ♦♦* 

A king in Central Africa is in this 
predicament: — When he ascended his 
throne he went through a performance 
very much like baptism and at the time 
changed his name. Now it comes to 
pass that his two sons have come under 
the influence of the Gospel and wish to 
be baptized into Christ. The father 
does not object to Christianity, but for- 
bids his sons being baptized because his 
subjects will look upon them as kings. 
<£ *♦♦ $ 

In British South Africa, south of the 
Zambesi the total white population is 1,- 
135,016 and the colored 5,198,175. In 
Cape Colony the white population is 
579,741, or a little over one-fifth of the 
total of the province. 

♦ * * 

According to Harlan P. Beach, Edu- 
cational Secretary of the Student Vol- 
unteer Movement, there are 110 col- 
leges, universities, etc., in which are 3,622 
students enrolled in mission study class- 

9 8 


In five years, ending March 1, 1904, 
the American Sunday School Union es- 
tablished schools in 9,137 communities 
where there were no schools at all and 
gathered into these schools 316,055 
scholars. Besides these, they reorgan- 
ized 3,136 other schools, gathering into 
them 104,752 scholars. From these 558 
churches have been established. Putting 
these schools three miles apart the band 
would circle the earth nearly one and a 
half times. Certainly a great good work 
for good citizenship, Christian citizen- 

*■ *> * 

During the month of October the re- 
ceipts for the American Sunday School 
Union, as reported in their January 
1905 S. S. Missionary, is $20,728.53. 

* * * 

According to a Jesuit missionary who 
has carefully reckoned the gifts of both 
Protestant and Catholic missionary so- 
cieties, the former give 60 cents per 
member while the latter only seven 
cents. This seven cents is spent by the 
Catholics mainly for cathedrals and 
monasteries and is of little real service 
in the propagation of their faith. 

4* 4* ^ 
It is related that forty-two years be- 
fore a mission was opened in Japan some 
devoted members of Christians in Mas- 
sachusetts began praying for the con- 
version of the world, but the Japanese 
in particular, and gave every time they 
prayed. When the American Board 
Mission opened a mission in that land 
the sum total of giving $4,104.23 was 
turned over for the mission. 

The church in Korea is moving stead- 
ily forward on the self-supporting basis. 
Their work is very effectual, 1232 ac- 
cessions in two missions this last year. 
4» * 4> 

J. Murray Mitchell, a well-known 
Scottish missionary in India died at his 
home in Edinburgh, Scotland, Nov. 14, 

1904, at the ripe old age of eighty-nine 
years. In 1839 he went to India, and 
soon was master of the Marathi lan- 
guage. He was brave, courageous, cul- 
tured, drawing. He was associated with 
such men as Duff, Wilson, Nesbit, and 
others of like national interest in the 
cause of missions. 

* ♦ ♦> 

Mrs. Isabella Bird Bishop, an intrepid 
traveler who was so prejudiced against 
missions that in her travels she would 
purposely miss them, at last through 
seeing the good work done, had this to 
say: " I think that we are getting in- 
to a sort of milk-and-water view of 
heathenism — not of African heathenism 
alone, but of Buddhism, Hinduism, and 
Mohammedanism also, which prevail in 
Asia. Missionaries come home and they 
refrain from shocking audiences by re- 
citals of the awful sins of the heathen 
and Moslem world. When traveling in 
Asia, it struck me very much how little 
we heard, how little we know, as to how 
sin is enthroned and deified and wor- 
shiped. There is sin and shame every- 
where. Mohammedanism is corrupt to 
the very core." 

* * * 

" Behold, I bring you good tidings of 
great joy, which shall be to ALL PEO- 
PLE." Luke 2: 10. But how can it be 
to all people unless the church carries 
the message? 

-*$■- -•$*- -*$*- 

One of the greatest opportunities a 
preacher has for exerting a deep mis- 
sionary influence on young people comes 
at the time when they are being re- 
ceived into the membership of the con- 
gregation. In receiving them on that 
serious and impressive occasion let him 
emphasize the fact that true allegiance 
to Christ and his church requires that 
the Christian be willing to be used in 
God's service anywhere He may lead, 
and that he make his whole life tell on 
the evangelization of the world. — The 
Missionary Intelligencer. 



Endicott Peabody, head-master of the 
Groton School in Massachusetts, intro- 
ducing Bishop Brent at Harvard recent- 
ly, said: " I have much to do with boys, 
and would rather have one of our boys 
become a foreign missionary than Presi- 
dent. The work of missionaries is the 
grandest in the whole world, and the 
missionaries are the heroes of modern 
times." Some of our people who object 
to their sons and daughters going to the 
mission fields ought to read this and 
ponder it well. Some college professors 
who think young men are throwing 
themselves away who go to the mission 
field ought to cut out the language of 
Professor Peabody and paste it in their 
hats. — The Missionary Intelligencer. 

* * *> 

To give in cold blood year after year, 
the hard earnings of a laborious life 
may require more faith than to go to 
heathen lands under a great impulse, and 
stay there under the realizing sense of 
the great need everywhere manifest. 
The " five barley loaves " and " two 
small fishes," consecrated, blessed, sys- 
tematically distributed and applied, are 
humanity's reliance for recurring wants. 
The world's benevolences are largely 
supported by organized poverty. — Rev. 
J. F. Goucher, D. D. 

* * * 

It is said there are ten bookstores in 
Tokyo for every one that can be found 
in St. Petersburg. And what is not less 
significant, official statistics show that 
Russia has at school only 4,484,594 pu- 
pils, about 25 per cent of her school chil- 
dren of school age, while Japan has un- 
der instruction 5,351,502 pupils or 92 
per cent of her children of school age. 
Russia, with a yearly national revenue of 
about $1,000,000,000, spends for primary 
education something less than $12,000,- 
000, or eight cents per capita of her 
whole population; while Japan, with 
only one-eighth of Russia's revenue, 
spends for the same purpose nearly 
$16,000,000, or thirty-four cents per cap- 

ita of her whole population. — The Mis- 
sionary Intelligencer. 

* * «fr 

Among the students and Alumni of 
Harvard college there has been organ- 
ized a " Harvard Mission " the pur- 
pose of which is purely missionary in 
its intent. Edward C. Carter is now the 
representative of the organization in 
India. Pres. Roosevelt is chairman of 
the advisory committee, while Prof. Ed- 
ward C. Moore is chairman of the execu- 
tive committee. It means much to aft 
institution like Harvard to turn attention 
to so neglected a subject as missions, 
and the Christian world may hope to be 
the gainers by their endeavors. 
* ♦> * 

Nine-tenths with God are worth far 
more than ten-tenths with God absent. 
There are Methodist millionaires who 
will be poorer to all eternity than many- 
inmates of the almshouse. As soon as 
Jesus found one who gave fifty per cent 
to the poor, he went right home with 
him, and will do it now. Men of the 
Zaccheus type are not numerous. — Presi- 
dent J. W. Bashford. 

♦ ♦♦ 

An American quarter of a dollar, with 
the figure of Liberty on it, is said to 
have looked down contemptuously on a 
copper cent, with the head of a red 
Indian on it, and to have said, " Oh, 
you dark-skinned, feather-trimmed bar- 
barian, do you call yourself a coin?" 
" Well whatever I am," said the copper 
cent, " I am oftener found in missionary 
meetings than you are!" 
*■ *• * 

When Bishop Thoburn went to India 
thirty-eight years ago a European gen- 
tleman pointed out to him a brick pillar, 
and said: "You might as well try to 
make a Christian out of that brick pillar 
as out of one of these people." To-day 
there are in India about three million 
native Christians, and among them are 
doctors, lawyers, judges, editors, teach- 
ers, and business men. 



[February, 1905 

The greatest drawback toward self- 
support in all our Indian work is the tu- 
telage system under which the Indian 
lives, moves and has his being. In his 
present state of civilization and educa- 
tion, it tends to degrade his moral inde- 
pendence, and is the greatest barrier to 
his moral, social and economical devel- 
opment. — Geo. W. Evans, in the Out- 

*l+ +1+ *> 

At a golden wedding in Iowa among 
the reform members of the Reformed 
church instead of presents being given a 
collection was taken for missions. 
*> * * 

There are two little words in our lan- 
guage which I always admired — " try " 
and "trust." Until you try you know 
not what you can or cannot effect; and 
if you make your trials in the exercise 
of- trust in God, mountains of imaginary 
difficulties will vanish as you approach 
them, and facilities which you never an- 
ticipated will be afforded. — John Will- 

*• * * 

The Sunday school of Zion Methodist 
Church, Rat Portage, has pledged $50 a 
year to the support of a child's cot in 
our hospital in Chentu, West China, the 
children this year foregoing the pleasure 
of their usual gifts in order that the 
money may be applied for this purpose. 
♦> 4* 4* 

If you were a little Japanese maiden 
you would be taught not only how to 
make a cup of tea, but just how to hold 
the cup and the teapot, and with just 
what kind of a bow it should be handed 
to a guest and just what polite words 
you should say in giving it. You would 
be taught how to carry your arms and 
head, how to bow, how to sit upon the 
mat and rise again, and many other 
things to make you polite and graceful. 
Indeed, politeness is one of the sub- 
jects most studied by both boys and 
girls in Japan. They are even taught 
that to tell a lie is not so bad as to 
be impolite. — Our Juniors in Japan. 

There are 800 millions of heathen in 
the world. This does not convey very 
much to our minds, does it? But let us I 
try to understand a little what these 
figures mean. Suppose only one million 
of people were to walk past you in 
single file at the rate of one a second, 
and suppose they went on day and night 
without a pause, eleven and a half days 
would have elapsed before the last one 
passed by, and if all the 800 millions j 
could pass by, twenty-five years would 
have come and gone ere the long, long 
line came to an end. And these millions 
of people are passing on into eternity, 
thousands every day, without ever hav- 
bed is cleft and the pyre fired from both 
one has ever told them. — Sel. 

* * * 

Two portions of Holy Scripture have 
recently issued from the press in Berlin, 
at the cost of the British and Foreign 
Bible Society. The one is the Book ol 
Genesis in Tibetan. It has long ex- 
isted and been disseminated far and 
wide in a lithographed form, but has] 
now been printed under the supervision 
of Mr. Heyde. The other bears the title 
"Ilvangeli Lya ku Matayi. Xinyika— 
Berlini, 1904." Many of our readers will 
have a shrewd guess that the thin volume 
with this title must be the Gospel 
(Evangel) according to Matthew. So it 
is, in the Nyika language. The Bible 
Society has long printed portions in a 
Nyika language, so this is to be known 
as Nyasa Nyika, to distinguish it from 
Ribe Nyika. A note in the editorial re- 
port of the Society for 1904 describes it 
as "an edition of 1,000 copies of St, 
Matthew, translated by Herr Kootz, a 
Moravian missionary. Nyika is said to 
mean ' wilderness.' The people for 
whom this translation is made live about 
midway between the northern extremity 
of Lake Nyasa and the southern ex- 
tremity of Lake Tanganyika. Those for 
whom St. Matthew was translated, by 
the late Rev. T. Wakefield, were a tribe 
living around Kilimanjaro." 



There was a time when I had no care 
or concern for the heathen; that was 
when I had none for my own soul. 
When, by the grace of God, I was led to 
care for my own soul, I began to care 
for them. In my closet I said, " O Lord, 
silver and gold have I none. What I 
have I give; I offer Thee myself! Wilt 
Thou accept the gift? "—Alexander 

*• * * 

It is not generally known, says the 
" Friend of India," that there is such a 
thing in Simla as a Bible Translation 
Fund, the object of which is to get the 
Bible Society to undertake translation of 
the Gospels into one of the languages 
not yet possessing such a translation, 
preferably that of one of the numerous 
hill tribes in the neighborhood of Simla. 
The Rev. T. Grahame Baily, of the 
church of Scotland Mission, who has 
been engaged for some years past (dur- 
ing his summer holiday) in examining 
the Himalayan dialects, hopes to com- 
plete his work this summer and will re- 
port on the language most suitable for 
the translation. 

*• 4> <* 

" More things are wrought by prayer 
Than this world dreams of, wherefore 

let thy voice 
Rise like a fountain for me night and 

For what are men better than sheep or 

That nourish a blind life within the 

If, knowing God, they lift not hands of 

Both for themselves and those who call 

them friend; 
For so the whole round world is every 

Bound by gold chains about the feet of 

God." ~ 

*> *> * 

In the sixteenth century when reformed 
doctrines spread rapidly over France, 
King Francis II demanded of the Bishop 
his explanation o{ its rapid progress. 
The Bishop very forcibly said, "The 
doctrine, sire, which interests your sub- 
jects. . . . was introduced by three or 

four hundred ministers, diligent and 
practised in letters; men of great mod- 
esty, gravity, and appearance of sanctity; 
professing to detest every vice, and 
especially avarice; fearless of losing their 
lives in confirmation of their preaching; 
who always had Jesus Christ upon their 
lips — a name so sweet that it gives an 
entrance into ears the most carefully 
closed, and glides into the heart of the 
most hardened." This is just the kind 
of preaching that will win souls any- 

4* ♦ ♦ 

Think of 14,000,000 children of school 
age in the United States not having the 
privilege of Sunday school, and the 
question of home missions is confronted 
from another angle. 

& & * 

One can hardly glance over our table 
of contents without having suggested to 
him the great variety of fields, of condi- 
tions and of people among which a pio- 
neer missionary work must go, — the 
scattered ranchmen in the agricultural 
regions and in the more sparsely settled 
country devoted to grazing; the logging 
and the mining camps of all kinds 
from coal to gold; the fisheries on the 
coasts of both the Atlantic and the Pa- 
cific; the opening South with its own 
habits of life and of speech, with its mil- 
lions of whites and blacks; the decreas- 
ing villages in old New England, in 
which the religious institutions of the 
fathers are decadent; the people born in 
a score of foreign lands, bringing their 
foreign speech and habits of life both 
bad and good with them and needing 
that some one should teach their chil- 
dren not only our English speech but 
the language and the love of Canaan. 
What a Babel it is into which we have 
come. Foreign missions at home, a dif- 
ferent world from that into which some 
of us were born, a new age, a new peo- 
ple, a new responsibility to which we 
have become the heirs. — The Pilgrim 



The Little Missionary. 

" Mary had a little lamb 

Its fleece was white as snow 

And everywhere that Mary went 
The lamb was sure to go. 

I wish I had a little lamb 

With fleece as white as Mary's 

I'd have it sheared and sell the wool 
To help the Missionaries." 

* * * 

I cannot tell why there should come to me 
A thought of someone miles and miles 
In swift insistence on the memory, 
Unless there be a need that I should 

He goes his way, I mine; we seldom meet 
To talk of plans or changes, day by day, 

Of pain or pleasure, triumph or defeat, 
Or of the special reasons why 'tis time 
to pray. 

We are too busy even to spare thought 
For days together of some friends away; 

Perhaps God does it for us, and we ought 
To read His signal as a call to pray. 

Perhaps, just then, my friend has fiercer 
A more appalling weakness, a decay 
Of courage, darkness, some lost sense of 
right — 
And so, in case he needs my prayer, I 

Friend, do the same for me! If I intrude 
Unasked upon you, on some crowded day, 

Give me a moment's prayer, as interlude; 
Be very sure I need it, therefore pray. 
— Author Unknown. 

* * * 

I know what you mean. I'm a-dyin'; 

Well, I ain't no worse nor the rest; 
'Taint those as does nothin' but prayin', 

I reckons, as gets all the best. 
I ain't had no father nor mother 

A-tellin' me wrong from the right; 
The streets ain't the place, is it, parson, 

For sayin' your prayers of a night? 

I never knowed who was my father, 
And mother, she died long ago; 

The folks here they brought me up some- 
how — 
It ain't much the've teached me, I know. 

Yet I thinks they'll be sorry and miss me, 
When took right away from this here; 

For sometimes I ceatches 'em slyly 
A-wipin' away of a tear. 

And they say as they hopes I'll get better; 

I can't be no worse when I'm dead; 
I ain't had so jolly a time on't, 

A-dyin' by inches for bread. 

I've stood in them streets precious often 
When the wet's been a-pourin' like fits, 

And I ain't had so much as a mouthful, 
And naught for a week but two bits. 

I've looked in them shops with the winders 
Chokfull of what's tidy to eat, 

And I've heard gents a-larfin' and talkin' 
While I'm like a dorg at their feet. 

But it's kind in you, sir, to sit by me; 

I likes now to look at your face; 
And I hopes, if it's true, as you tells me, 

We'll meet in that higher-up place. 

I hopes you'll come when it's over, 
And talk to them here in this court; 

They'll mind what you says, you're a par- 
There won't be no larkin' nor sport. 

You'll tell them as how I died happy, 
And hopin' to see them again; 

That I'm gone to that land "Where the weary 
Is freed from his trouble and pain. 

Now open that Book, as you give me — 
I feels as it never tells lies — 

And read me them words — you know, 
guv' nor — 
As is good for a chap when he dies. 

There, give me your hand, sir, and thank'ee 
For the good as you've done a poor lad; 

Who knows, had they teached me some bet- 
I mightn't have grown up so bad. 

* * ♦ 


The sun never sets in the morning. 
Bishop Thoburn. 

Behold the rays of morning 

On India's lofty hills! 
Faith sees the glorious warning 

To error's nightly ills; 
They vanish at the rising 

Of that unclouded Sun 
Of righteousness, apprising: 

There's health for lives undone. 

The dawn, the hour of action, 

Is here, O Church of God! 
Let not the strife of faction, 



Let not the slumbrous nod 
Detain thee from endeavor, 

For which the morning breaks; 
Naught are the seas that sever 

When Zion's strength awakes. 

Are not thy people willing 
In seasons of thy power? 
Thy law, O Christ, fulfilling, 
They know salvation's hour. 
O! use us now and ever 

Thy kingdom to increase, 
Then, like a mighty river, 
Flows onward Zion's peace. 

— Mrs. Ida Ahlborn Weeks. 
Chicago, 111. 

* * «f» 

" Thy word have I hid in my heart, 
that I might not sin against thee." — Ps. 
119: 11. 

As a fire to purify, 
As a lamp to journey by, 
As a balm all wounds to heal, 
For mine own, and others weal. 
As a vase of ointment sweet, 
As a rule of life, — complete, 
As a seed to grow and bloom, 
So that sin may find no room, 
As a song to banish fear, 
As a spring of water clear, 
By thy grace, assist me Lord, 
In my heart to hide thy word. 

—P. S. T. 
Oak Park, 111. 

*J» ♦*«■ ♦ 


With love and pity all aflame, 
The story of the cross I heard, 

And straight a pilgrim I became, 

Through all the world to seek my Lord; 

To bind for Him with loving bands 

His wounded feet and bleeding hands. 

I found Him not on land or sea, 

Not in Jerusalem or Rome, 
And wrinkled age had come to me, 

When worn and sad I sought my home. 
I had not bound with loving bands 
His wounded feet and bleeding hands. 

Then in a quiet hour I heard, 
Plain as a whisper in the ear, 

" I am thy ever-present Lord, 

Why seek for Me? — Lo, I am here. 

Who doeth what My word commands, 

Hath kissed My feet and touched My hands. 

" Who giveth to the starving — bread, 
Who stays the steps of wayward youth, 

Who raises up the sorrowing head, 

And best of all — who spreads the truth, 

He binds for Me with loving bands, 

My wounded feet and bleeding hands." 

— New Church Messenger. 


We are journeying on to our Heavenly 
'We have joined the Pilgrim Band, 
There's a welcome awaiting us, will you 
We are bound for the Glory Land! 

We have heard the voice of the Savior call 

He has taken us by the hand: 
In the Heavenly Home there is room for 

We are bound for the Glory Land! 

We have washed our robes in His cleans- 
ing blood, 
That we may in His presence stand, 
We are safe in the Ark from the whelm- 
ing flood, 
We are bound for the Glory Land! 

On the Rock of Ages alone we build 
And no more on the shifting sand; 

How the Temple Court shall with praise 
be filled! 
We are bound for the Glory Land! 

We are sailing on for the Home of Rest,. 

By the Heavenly breezes fanned, 
While a glorious sunset fills the west, 

We are bound for the Glory Land! 

We shall find our Home in the Land of 
When we reach the shining strand, 
Where the glowing sands do the white 
waves kiss, 
We are bound for the Glory Land! 

We are watching still, for the morn is near. 
We are waiting the Lord's command, 

And soon shall the Haven of Rest appear 
We are bound for the Glory Land! 

We will cast our crowns at the Savior's 
As around his throne we stand, 
And our hearts with eternal joy will beat 
In the Courts of Holy Land! 

— Wm. Kitching. 
Clevedon, Somerset, England. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

" If I could find a dollar," 

Said little Tommy Gill, 
" A-lyin' in a pig's track 

Or rollin' up a hill, 
I'd send it to the heathen 

As fast as it could go, 
For they are needin, money; 

My teacher told me so." 

" I can give a penny now," 

Said little Willie Pool, 
" And that will buy a paper 

To start a Sunday school. 
I'd better give a penny, 

And give it right away, 
Than wait to find a dollar 

To give another day." 

So Willie gave his penny; 

A wish gave Tommy Gill. 
Now which saw his dollar first 

Go rolling up the hill? 



How Winter is Spent in Labrador. 

By Dr. S. K. Hutton, Okak. 

In winter Okak is like every Labrador 
village, a solitary spot of life in a stretch 
of desolate frozen coast. Before us is 
the same frozen sea, silent and still; 
and though our minds follow it in its 
windings among the towering hills 
which close us in, we can hardly realize 
it as a part of the ocean on which great 
ships are tossing. It is an easily im- 
agined and familiar picture — bleak, deso- 
late Labrador, but, withal, a picture so 
full of life and interest that the deso- 
lation is no more than a fading back- 
ground. True enough, for eight months 
we are alone so far as the outside world 
is concerned, but the mind is so fully 
occupied with the activities of Labra- 
dor life that the time slips by as quick- 
ly as in any other part of the world. 

Though frost sets in as early as Sep- 
tember, the true Labrador winter — the 
season when the Eskimo 1 lives as he is 
most often pictured— begins from the 
time when the sea is covered with ice. 
For a few days towards the middle of 
December a haze lies upon the rippling 
surface of the bay, driving like smoke 
before the wind; soon a morning comes 
when the sea is still and white. Almost 
from the first the Eskimos are about 
upon the ice, though for a while there 
is danger. We ourselves found the sur- 

face too soft for walking during the 
first few days; and that the danger is 
real was shown by the mishap which 
befell a party of our people on their way 
home for Christmas — the heavy sledge 
broke through, and two little children 
lost their lives. 

About Christmas time the people re- 
turn over the ice from their autumn 
seal fishing; and their settling for the 
coldest months in their own little houses 
makes winter from every point of view a 
busy time. 

The service in the church on Christ- 
mas Eve was the most crowded of the 
winter — every seat was more than full. 
The heavy snowfall quickly alters the 
appearance of Okak. The little wooden 
houses are soon covered, and a porch 
built of hard snow keeps the wind from 
the door, and offers shelter to the dogs. 
As time goes on many of the huts on 
the hill are literally buried, with chim- 
ney peeping above a bank of snow, and 
a hole marking a way to the window; 
the porch becomes a veritable tunnel, 
maybe entered by a pit, like the mouth 
of some strange mine. 

The drifting of the snow affects the 
larger buildings too: railings disappear, 
steps become fewer as the covering be- 
comes thicker on the path below; win- 



dows must be cleared or even dug out, 
and at the western end, where the wind 
banks a heavy drift between mission 
house and store, a dark and winding 
cavern leads the storekeeper to his daily 

Now that the people have houses of 
wood or turf, the characteristic hive- 
shaped snow house is only used by 
them for shelter on journeys. In the 
village itself the only snow houses to 
be seen are such as the children build 
for their own amusement. The Eskimo 
child at play is one of the most natural 
pictures which the winter shows. In all 
he does he is a little man, teaching 
himself, unconsciously it may be, those 
things which will be of the greatest use 
to him when he must rely on himself 
for his daily food and shelter. He 
builds his little snow house, and trots in 
and out with gleeful unconcern 'on his 
round red face; he loads a tiny sledge 
with miniature logs, and draws it by 
a string, or compels an unwilling puppy 
to make a trial of harness; too small to 
be trusted with a gun, he shoots with 
a home-made crossbow; or with an ax 
well-nigh as heavy as himself, he makes 
fierce but futile onslaughts on a log of 

Our own recreations are confined to 

walking; and except on the worst davs, 
the sledge track over the frozen sea 
is firm and smooth. The Eskimos are 
out in all weathers, trapping or wood- 
cutting, or even fishing through holes 
in the ice. Some make journeys to the 
edge of the ice on the look-out for seals; 
others travel northward or southward 
with their sledges and teams of dogs. 

Winter is the social time. The mis- 
sionary comes into close and frequent 
contact with his congregation, whether 
in church, where daily worship is held, 
or in his own room, where visitors 
gather evening by evening, or in the 
tillage among the people in their own 
home circle. A single winter cannot 
give a full understanding of the Eskimo 
language or character, nor even a real 
knowledge of any one individual, but it 
leaves the mind full of pictures. And 
so, in looking back on the past winter, 
glimpses of .-,cenes and faces pass before 

For the most part the scenes are 
just such as one could imagine after 
reading about Labrador: It may be the 
team of handsome and powerful dogs 
hauling the heavy sledge over the rough 
ice, urged forward by the shouts of the 
driver, or sometimes by the touch of 
his long lashed-whip; it may be a poor 
man, helping his only dog to drag home 
the firewood hewn in the woods, it may 
be the old woman, sheltered from the 
wind by a wall of snow, sitting hour 
after hour by a hole in the ice, jerking 
her line and hook up and down in the 



freezing water, or trudging homeward 
bending under her bundle of frozen fish. 

Of the faces, tanned or ruddy from 
the exposure to the weather, the one 
most in our mind is that of old Abia. 
Seventy-seven years of age, he goes 
about his daily duties in every way a fine 
type of Christian Eskimo. His long life 
speaks for his bodily strength, for most 
of our people are old at sixty; and his 
daily life has earned for him the af- 
fection and respect of all around him. 
His is a familiar figure behind the table 
at the week-night meetings, and his 
quiet words are attentively received. 
Alas! that his strength is failing; he 
will be sorely missed in Okak when the 
rest for which he waits shall come. 

Night is an impressive time in the 
winter. The smooth, hard snow is 
lighted by the brilliant stars, or by the 
aurora which shifts in the blue-black 
sky. From the one side comes the 
weird and dismal howling of the dogs, 
a depressing chorus; from the other the 
sound of singing, as this family or that 
joins in the favorite hymns. Our har- 
binger of spring is the pretty little 
snow bunting. After only a few months 
of absence — sometimes spent in the 
British Isles — he comes to us while 
winter's grip is still firm upon our 
coast. The mouse, too, wakes from his 
long sleep while there seems still but 
a poor chance of his finding a meal. 
These are but the little ones of the 
Master's great family, but He cares for 
them; and we are glad to see them, and 
their coming is like a word of cheer to 
us all. — Moravian Missions. 
* ♦> * 


We read the story of little Emmert 
Stover and saw the pictures of the poor, 
sick and starving children of your 
country. How we pitied you because 
you live in a country where there is 
so little rain and where your people 
worship such ugly idols. 

We wish you could have a country 

like ours. We always have enough rain 
and so have plenty to eat and to wear. 
Besides, here we have the Bible that 
tells about the only true God. 

I am a little boy nine years old. I 
have one brother and two little sisters. 
One sister is six years old. We go to 
school and have learned to read. It 
is nice to read. This is the way we 
know about you. We think the good 
brethren over in your country who are 
teaching you to read and to know about 
the true God are very, very good. 
When you have learned these things you 
will be much happier. But you can not 
do much without help. We are quite 
young but we have so many good things 
to enjoy in our country that you have 
not, it makes us wish that these bless- 
ings might reach you. The only way to 
reach you is to help the good brethren. 
We can help but little, but we will help, 
and they will tell you all of the good, 
good story. 

Yours very truly. 
Huber and Lucile Swihart. 

Churubusco, Ind., Jan. 10, 1905. 


The Japanese boy goes to his father's 
room, kneels outside of the paper 
screens, opens them, and bows till his 
forehead hits the mat. Then he says, 
" Good morning, sir; how is your hon- 
orable health?" His father answers, 
and the boy says, " What is your hon- 
orable • pleasure? " — From Lucy Jame- 
son Scott's "Twelve Little Pilgrims 
Who Stayed at Home," in World Wide 

*• <* * 

GIVE? " 

Give as you would if an angel 

Awaited your gift at the door; 
Give as you would if to-morrow 

Found you where giving was o'er; 
Give as you would to the Master, 

If you met His loving look; 
Give as you would of your substance, 

If His hand the offering took." 
— Lutheran Missionary Journal. 



From the Field. 

Esther A. Macdonald, of North Yakima, 
Wash., Speaks of Circumstances Re- 
quiring Faith and Sympathy for those 
on Foreign Fields: — 

Dear Brethren: We live in a walled- 
up tent, take in washing to support our 
four little ones and self. We seldom get 
$5 together before we must spend it for 
something needed. But we don't think 
we can live a Christian life by asking 
God (as best we know how) to help 
the Brethren spread the Gospel in all its 
purity, and then pull our purse strings 
tight shut. We often read Matthew 7th 
chapter, beginning at verse 25 and ask 
ourselves if we are faithful. We used to 
give the children a nickel to spend and a 
penny for Sunday school and the pennies 
seemed scarce. Now we give them a 
penny to spend and a nickel for Sunday 
school, and the nickels seem more plen- 
tiful, and it is the same in other ways. 
Yet we hear whispers among the breth- 
ren that we ought not to give. What 
faith! Our heart aches when we read 
what our hard-working missionaries are 
doing and we do so little. 

Eld. A. I. Mow, of Weiser, Idaho, Holds 
Tender Memories of Labors once 
Done in Arkansas, as the Following 
Indicates : — 

I wish you would put the enclosed 
amount into the fund for building that 
meetinghouse where Mattie Cunningham 
is at work. I hope that sister is getting 
the encouragement she needs. She 
has a great task on hand — the Lord bless 
her. It may be forgotten, except by 
me, that I had some experience on that 
field ten years ago. 

The negro was ready then to hear the 
saving Gospel. But 'tis with some pre- 
caution he accepts our preaching be- 
cause the love of Christ draws him into 
dangerous nearness to those who desire 

his salvation. They have their vanities, 
but many will be good members, desir- 
able brethren. 

I like the Visitor very much, and as I 
read it my longing grows to plunge into 
the work — to bring in a field where we 
have done nothing. The shame is that 
those emotions did not stir me stronger 
when I was younger and could go better. 

* 3? * 
John Heckman, of Polo, 111., Has Spent 
Time in the Wisconsin Field and 
Gives Interesting Information Here- 
with : — 

There are at present seven organized 
churches in the State of Wisconsin foot- 
ing up about 300 members. They are lo- 
cated in seven different counties, with 
scattered members in a number of other 
counties. How few among her two and 
a quarter million population! These 
few churches have labored on as best 
they could amid their many difficulties. 
They each have a house of worship ex- 
cept the Elk River church which will no 
doubt erect one during the year 1905. 
There are other fields in the State than 
those in which the Brethren live which 
are rich and fertile from a spiritual 

There are many people in Wisconsin 
from Norway and Sweden who are 
among her best citizens. The condition 
of low morals often met with in other 
mission fields is not met with to any 
great extent in the newer settlements of 
Wisconsin. It is largely a lumbering 
country. As the timber is cut down 
and made into lumber the land is cleared 
and changed into farms, making homes 
for many people. In these new settle- 
ments are the places where preaching, 
Sunday schools and religious services of 
various kinds are really wanted by the 

Many of the people are poor and can- 



not pay what is demanded of them by- 
some preachers of some denominations. 
As a result they have no preaching serv- 
ices and very few Sunday schools in 
rural districts. Here are many people 
without Christ and without religious in- 
struction of any kind. Here are young 
people and children, some having never 
attended Sunday school. It's the Breth- 
ren's opportunity. 

There is much interest being taken in 
Northern Illinois in the mission work of 
Wisconsin. I am glad to be a member 
of the Mt. Morris College Missionary 
Society and am glad to say that we as a 
society are studying Wisconsin as a mis- 
sion field, are striving to arouse an inter- 
est in others. We shall place a mission- 
ary in this field at an early date and it is 
no striking prophecy to say that the 
Sunday schools of Northern Illinois will 
also be supporting a missionary in this 


■•$* ■•$•■ *$•■ 

J. Kurtz Miller, 5901 3rd Ave., Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., is a Worker who Knows 
not Fatigue nor Discouragement. 
This Spirit Combined with the faith- 
ful Efforts of those about him, and 
especially Elizabeth Howe, is Bring- 
ing forth good Results as these notes 

About 275 persons were present at our 
special Christmas services. 

Our work for 1905 has opened up with 
a good interest. Had a very interesting 
audience on New Year evening. Text 
for the occasion was Col. 3:9, 10. "Put 
off the OLD MAN— put on the NEW 

We are asking the Lord for great 
things for this year in His work at this 
place, and we feel confident He will not 
withhold anything that is for the good 
of the cause here. 

Isa. 45: 11 is becoming a very pre- 
cious text to us. " Thus saith the 
LORD, the Holy One of Israel, . . . 
Ask me of the things that are to come; 
concerning^ my sons, and concerning the 
work of my hands, command ye me." 

The following has been sent us during 
December for the Brooklyn church- 

California. — Susie Forney, $3.50; Ingle- 
wood church, per Eld. B. F. Masterson, 

Iowa. — Nora Spring, S. S., $2.00; Grundy 
Center S. S., per J. E. Jones, $20.00; Pleas- 
ant View S. S., $1.00; S. E. Miller, $3.20. 

Idaho. — Nez Perce S. S., per Mattie Buck,. 

Indiana. — Manchester S. S., $5.00; Eel 
River church, per Emanuel Leckrone, $5.50; 
Mexico church, $7.00; W. H. Gauntt, $2.50; 
Primary Dept., North Manchester S. S., 
$5.00; Frank Fisher and Family, $5.00; 
F. W. and Mary Lammedee, $1.00. 

Illinois. — West Branch Sunday School, 
per Barbara Gish, $5.00; Henry E. Gerdes, 
$5.00; Woodland church, $7.50; M. Flory and 
wife, $8.11; A. L. Furnly, $1.00; D. W. 
Barkman and wife, $2.00; A. D. Stutzman, 

Maryland. — Ann Maria Wolf, $10.00, Beav- 
er Dam, $11.50; Woodbury church, $4.00; 
Sisters of Union Bridge, $7.62; S. C. Pow- 
ell, $1.00. 

Minnesota. — Worthing church, $4.36; A. 
J. Miller, $1.00. ■ 

Michigan. — Geo. C. Everding and wife, 

Nebraska. — North Beatrice church, $2.40; 
Eld. J. A. Stouder and wife, 50 cents. 

New York. — Mrs. B. Lindsay, $5.00. 

Ohio. — Salem church, per A. Solenberger, 
$14.40; Hickory Grove, per J. F. Snell, 
$11.85; Palestine church, $3.10; Louisa 
Davidson, $5.00; Jennie Klepinger, $1.00; 
Bear Creek church, $6.50; A Brother, $50.00; 

C. M. Binkley, $6.15; W. P. Lentz, $5.00; 
Mr. and Mrs. John Klopfenstein, $1.00. 

Pennsylvania. — Mrs. Henry Shellenberg- 
er, $10.00; Eld. H. S. Zug, $5.00; Verna A 
Bashor, $5.00; Manor Sunday school, $2.00 
Fannie L. Moore. $4.00; Katie Shull, $1.65 
Minnie Howe, $5.00; Sarah Howe, $10,00 
E. M. Howe, $20.00; Emma Vandyke, $5.00 

D. G. Hendricks, $20.00; Lizzie B. Becker, 
$8.50; Jacob W. Rosenberger, $5.00; A Sis- 
ter, Little Swatara, $1.00; A Brother, Eliza- 
bethtown, $5.00; A Sister, Union Deposit, 
$5.00; Marn N. Palmer, $2.00; Emma K. 
Seltzer, $2.00; Jacob R. Kratz, $1.00; Ella 
S. Moyer, $1.00; Amanda and Sallie R. Kulp, 
$2.00; A Sister. Palmyra, $2.00; Kathyron 
Moyer, $1.00; Ella S. Moyer, $1.00; Mary A. 
Holm, $1.00; Sarah M. Griffin, 50 cents; 
A Brother, Philadelphia, $10.00; Class No. 
5, Altoona, $7.00; Bertha M. Wisner, $1.00; 
Barren Ridge S. S., $12.00; Emma L. Miller, 
$1.00; Emma N. Cassel, $1.00; H. K. Miller 
and wife, $3.00; Eld. J. B. Shisler, $1.00; 
A. Spanogle and wife. $55.00; Amanda R. 
Kratz, $5.00; Anna M. Brunner, $10.00; 
John S. Musser, $2.00; J. Shelly, $1.00; An- 
na Martin, $3.00: Amanda R. Cassel, $1.00; 
Mary Styer, $1.00; Sarah M. Degler. $1.00; 
J. A. and H. A. Buffemyer, $1.00; Sis- 
ter James, $1.00; Sisters' Missionary Cir- 
cle of Myersdale, $5.00; Bro. and Sister 
Stover. $2.00; Katie Hoffman. 50 cents; Geo. 
H. Sherman and wife, $2.00: Etta R. Smith, 
$5.00; J. M. Booz. $1.00: Mable M. Blouch, 
$3.00; Jacob A. Price. $1.00: W. G. Nyce 
and wife. $2.00; Eld. H. Crouthamel, $5.00; 
D. H. and Lettie Shuss, $6.20; Sarah Fluke, 
$1.00; A. M. Shelly $1.00; Anna E. Shank. 
50 cents; Everett church, $4.28: Mary W. 
Cassel. $1.00; D. B. Booz and wife $2.00. 

Missouri. — St. Joseph Mission S. S., $5.00; 



Smith Fork church, $1.50; Hattie Yeck, 

Virginia. — Botetourt church, per C. W. 
Kinzie, $51.36; Roanoke City church, $10.81; 
Earl Sanger, 50 cents; Emanuel church 
Sunday school, $5.38; D. V. and Lizzie Shar- 
er, $2.00. 

West Virginia.— A Sister, $3.00; N. W. 
Coffman and wife, $2.00; R. E. S. Strickler, 
$5.00; Beda J. Campbell, $1.00. 

Wisconsin. — Chippewa Valley church, 

Kansas. — Mrs. Sue K. Masterson, $5.00. 

The Lord knoweth how you have 
gladdened our hearts with these gifts. 
The church lot is now bought and paid 
for, so every dollar that you now send 
goes direct toward the building of our 
much-needed churchhouse. Pray for us, 
and send us your help as the Holy Spirit 
lays it upon your heart. 

♦> * *£ 
J. H. Morris Tells of the Missionary En- 
thusiasm which Is Awakening More 
and More at Manchester College in 

Every one knows when a man is in- 
terested in missions because he cannot 
hide it. When a college is interested in 
missions, some fruit will be shown; 
some one will be sent out into the field; 
some one will be gathering dear souls in- 
to the fold. 

The missionary spirit of Manchester 
College becomes apparent when we 
know that several of her former students 
are now in the fields as active mission- 
aries. Three of those who lately sailed 
for India were at one time members of 
this school. Several others are in active 
work as home missionaries. One of these 
is Sister Mattie Cunningham at Pales- 
tine, Ark. She writes as follows: 
" Many times does my mind go back 
to Manchester College, and among other 
things that are pleasant to recall are the 
memories that cluster around the Bible 
Society. Methinks again of the mission- 
ary programs; of the needy condition of 
the poor, benighted, neglected people 
who know not the love of God, as pict- 
ured on the canvas of our minds; and of 
the appeals made for the laborers in 
the Master's harvest field. Oh! so often 
the call came to me, and there was such 

a longing in my heart to go that when 
the hat was passed for missionary col- 
lections, I sometimes wished that I 
could put myself in and go with the 
money." She did not go to the mission 
field because it was her duty but because 
she couldn't stay away. What a noble 
example for other? to follow. 

We will quote a few more lines from 
her letter to show her feelings toward 
the Bible Society at this place. " I sin- 
cerely thank you for the donation of five 
dollars to assist us in building our meet- 
inghouse. I feel that I owe to the Bible 
Society debts that God only can pay. 
The prayer of my heart is that I may be 
of as much help to others as the Bible 
Society has been to me." 

We do not know how many of the 
present students are contemplating mis- 
sionary work but some are working 
along that line of work. Of those that 
are here now we sincerely hope that 
there may be several earnest workers 
for Christ's harvest field. 

* * * 
Pres. J. E. Miller Writes of Mission 
Work done in the College at Mt. 
Morris, 111: — 

The Society has been holding its reg- 
ular monthly meetings with a very good 
attendance. The programs have been 
sufficiently varied to add new interest 
each time. At the meeting last night 
reports were given by a number who 
were here attending the special Bible 
Institute. Each one was assigned a 
subject that had to do particularly with 
his own field. In this way we learned 
something about Iowa, South Dakota, 
Wisconsin, Southern Illinois, and Asia 
Minor. Several other topics were also 

The Mission Band has been doing 
some telling work among the surround- 
ing churches. They have been well re- 
ceived in every case and something sub- 
stantial for missions has been the result 
of each of their visits. The Society 
has been in correspondence with others 
with reference to forming an Inter- 
Collegiate Missionary movement. The 
possibilities of such an organization 
would seem to be grreat. 



D. W. Kurtz Reports Increased Interest 
at Juniata College with the Opening 
of the New Year: — 

Our new term opens with many new 
students. We hope to enroll these in our 
new mission classes which will study 
Mott's " Evangelizataion of the World in 
this Generation." The classes in the 
" New Era in the Philippines " will be 
continued till they finish the book. Our 
Mission Band will study "The Call, 
Qualifications, and Preparation of Mis- 
sionary Candidates " in addition to the 
regular mission classes. 

Since our last report our Band held 
three meetings in the Klahr church at 
Queen, Pa., three in the Clover Creek 
congregation; three at Stonerstown and 
Raven Run and during the holiday va- 
cations nine meetings were held by sev- 
eral members who went to their homes. 
Five of these meetings were in Ohio. 

The direct results of these meetings 
have been the awakening of greater in- 
terest in missions, the formation of sev- 
eral mission classes, more prayer for 
missions and a sympathetic study of the 
subject in general. God alone knows 
what the full fruitage will be. We pray 
daily that the seed sown may bring rich 

On Dec. 18 our Band was increased by 
two more who made an absolute sur- 
render of their lives by signing the 
Student Volunteer Card. Let us all re- 
member Christ's command "Pray 
ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, 
that he would send forth laborers into 
his harvest," and let us also pray daily 
for those who are willing to go as well 
as those who have gone. 

* * * 

Wm. K. Conner Tells Most Beautifully 
of the " Feasts " in Missions En- 
joyed at Bridgewater College, Va. 

Surely there are many good things in 
the last Visitor. Whose pulse is not af- 
fected by reading it must have a heart 
that is beating for its own benefit alone. 
Let us " cling to the Bible " and as we 

move along what a momentum we shall' 
have in five years. 

At a recent program the " Mission- 
aries' Christmas " was presented. We- 
were made to feel that somehow the 
missionaries get more real Christmas 
than any one else. Well, they deserve 
it. At the same program we were di- 
rected to the student's " Supreme De- 
cision." We were impressed with the 
fact that without doubt the supreme call- 
ing in life is the one that is attracting- 
the fewest applicants for positions. Life 
positions too, and under a king; re- 
markable opportunity for promotion and 
development; finest chance in the world 
for success; why do not many make this 
" Supreme Decision "? 

First meeting of the Band for the 
new year was inspiring. The elements 
were wild without, but that did not dis- 
turb the feasting that was going on in 
the Band room. The table was richly 
spread with choice viands from the 
heavenly larder. Harlan P. Beach 
helped us in the preparation and tasty 
arrangement of the food. As we were 
helped to the various good things we 
were made to feel that " Blessed are they 
that do hunger and thirst after right- 
eousness, for they shall be filled." We 
are looking forward to other feasts. We 
extend an invitation to all to feast with 
us. " Except ye eat my flesh and drink 
my blood ye have no life in you." " The 
Word was made flesh." Hence the study 
of the Word will clothe with flesh the 
dry bones and imbue with life the 
languid being. 

4* *• ♦£ 

Sister Lizzie Pellet (pronounced Pella), 
Wife of Bro. Pellet Tells of Mission 
Work in Geneva, Switz., and how 
they Appreciate the Publications of 
the Brethren. Brother and Sister 
Pellet are Active Workers in Geneva, 
while Bro. Fercken is Pushing in the 
same Interest at Montreal, France 

Dear Brother: — 

It is a real treat each month wh 
the postman brings us the Visitor. It 




is a very welcome visitor, in the true 
sense of the word. Reading its contents, 
we feel to be in contact with all who 
participate in its writings so interesting. 
Especially do we value English litera- 
ture, it being scarce in Switzerland. 

In turning over the pages of the 
Visitor we become so familiar with its 

We were pleased to see the homes 
of dear Brother D. L. Miller and Brother 
and Sister Berkebile. Their visit to- 
gether with the Brethren accompanying 
them, was a source of great blessing 
to us. We so often think of the few 
days, they were with us. It was not 
necessary to be long with either of them 
to realize the spiritual atmosphere. 

Here in Switzerland we are engaged 
in no easy task. We have the work of 
our Lord and Master to heart, and we 
dare believe our efforts are not in vain 
in the Lord. 

A few months ago we had the pleas- 
ure of giving a Bible to the maid who 
was with us. She is a Roman Catholic, 
but became so interested in our work, 
she said she would always value her 
Bible, and tell her two cousins, (Priests 
in the Catholic faith) of the precious 
truths she now possesses. She had 
never seen a Bible before coming in our 
home, it being forbidden by the Priest. 

«|» ♦> ♦♦«• 

Bro. D. L. Miller has Written a Letter 
to the Mission Rooms, not Think- 
ing of any part Appearing in public, 
but Containing such interesting news 
for all that the Editor is Taking the 
liberty of Extracting pretty freely for 
the benefit of the Readers of the 

I find myself wishing for money to 
help on the work here. If our Com- 
mittee (I wish he had said church. — Ed.) 
could see the work here and feel it as 
it comes to me after an absence of six 
years and see what has been accom- 
plished and what the outlook for the 
future is, I feel very sure there would 

be a greater effort than ever made to 
forward the work. 

Take for example the industrial work, 
carpentry and weaving. Brother Jesse 
Emmert is a practical machinist and 
carpenter and as good a man as you 
can find anywhere. He is at the head 
of the industrial work. If you could see 
the tools he has to work with, cutting 
all the lumber used, out of logs, with 
handsaws, making chairs, bookcases, 
bedsteads, desks and other things with 
only the crudest of hand tools you 
would feel like I do, and that is that 
$500 ought to be sent here by return 
mail to be used for providing tools, 
turning lathe and circular and rip saws 
so that in some measure he might have 
the machinery and tools necessary to 
turn out finished material. He cannot 
now keep up with the orders and turns 
away work because he does not have 
the facilities to get the necessary things. 

So deeply am I impressed with this 
need that I am tempted to give up my 
trip to Africa and use the money here. 
But I am sure there is no need of this. 
For there is money to do this and the 
other too. Money put into tools is not 
given away. What product is made by 
them is sold and it will help to make 
the industrial work self-supporting. It 
is a move in the right direction and is 
educating the hand to work while re- 
ligious instruction and mental training 
is going on. It is to be the solution of 
the problem in India as Booker T. 
Washington is making it the solution of 
the negro problem at home. 

Think of what has been done here in 
a few years! I am writing at a table 
made by our orphans and sitting in a 
large arm chair made by them also. 
At this place 259 have been baptized and 
now there are fifty-eight applicants. We 
ought to raise our voices in constant 
praise to God for what He has done for 
us in this field. 

We are quite well and happy. W. R. 
Miller and Jesse Emmert are at Jalalpor 
to-day. The first of January the District 
Meeting occurs here. I have put my 



letter of membership into the Bulsar 
church and am now one of them. May- 
God bless and keep you all. 

(It is hoped these lines will move a 
a goodly number to send in a contri- 
bution for the tools for the India 
work, — should too much come it will be 
used for the work in India anyhow. 
Contributions should be sent to the Gen. 
Miss. & Tract Committee, Elgin, 111. — 

* <* * 

Sister Nora Arnold Lichty, we are glad 
to say, is Improving in Health, ac- 
cording to latest Reports, and every 
one will be glad to read her Letter: 

Just one year ago to-day, Nov. 30, 
if I remember correctly, we had a mis- 
sionary meeting on board ship. We 
were just five days out from Bombay 
and on the last day of the month we 
thought it would be nice to have a 
missionary meeting. There were so 
many missionaries on board, some of 
them returning and some, going for the 
first time. Those who were returning 
gave us some of the experiences which 
they had on the Indian mission field. 
Some things that were told us then we 
could not appreciate as we do now and 
as we will in the future. I am glad that 
I am in India and have been here for 
a year. I am glad that I will not need 
to start at the beginning but sometimes 
I think I am at the beginning in some 
things, but then not quite so far back. 
I am on middle ground. Progress is 
slow with me especially in the language 
but I hope it is sure. This week I am 
taking a rest from study but I wanted 
to see a few other places and I think it 
is just as well. I had never been to 
Vulli, the place of our work. I am 
well pleased with the place and hope 
that we may be of use in that part of 
the world. It does not make so much 
difference to me as to where I live and 
in what kind of bungalow it is, just so 
it is a protection from heat and rain. 
But the thing that I am concerned 
about is the work and my fitness for 

it. There is so much to be done among 
the women. As yet very little work 
has been done among them. They are 
ignorant and need to be taught, and I 
believe that if we want to save India we 
must reach the hearts of her women. 
It is the women who are more supersti- 
tious and who hold tenaciously to their 
religions. This is because they are un- 
educated. The men, as a rule, have 
more education and have learned that 
there is not so much in their heathen 

We are all enjoying this trip to the 
fullest. The Divan seems very oblig- 
ing and very glad that we should call 
on him. He is very much in sympathy 
with our work and will do all in his 
power to help us. He said he remem- 
bered the good work of Stover and Mc- 
Cann during the famine. Sadie will re- 
turn to Anklesvar to-morrow and I will 
not go back until the last of the week. 
I am enjoying the good air that I get 
up here so I think I will stay with Dan 
at Vulli. It is nice to live out in a 
native house. It is fixed up real good 
but if we live in it for good we must 
fix it more so it will be a better pro- 

This can be done with little expense. 
The other evening I said it put me in 
the mind of play house work for we had 
such a few things to get along with. 
Sadie enjoyed it, too. She is the right 
kind to go with on such a trip. The 
ox cart rides, native houses and so on 
are just fun for her. These alone are 
enjoyable and then when we know that 
we are about the Lord's business we 
are yet the more joyous. 

This afternoon we called on the Di- 
van in his office. He is very kind and 
did everything to make it pleasant for 
us. He talks very intelligently and an 
hour spent with him is not in vain for 
he can give one much information. At 
half past five he sent his carriage and 
we had another nice drive into the 
country. Nothing to see only the drive 
but it was very nice indeed. It is a 
treat to us to ride behind a good team 



of horses for when we go it is usually 

behind a team of bullocks. Bullocks are 

all right as long as they go and do not 

act stubborn. When they want their 

way they are like some people, they are 

bound to have it. 

We are a curiosity to these people. 

The little boys come and stand and look 

in at us. I suppose we are rather 

curious looking to them. Then, too, 

they know that we are not government 

officials but mission people. But I must 

close for this time, God bless the church 

at home. 

♦J* ♦$* ♦J* 

S. P. Berkebile Tells of his first Im- 
pressions of India in a way that will 
Appeal to many: 

Now something about our first glimp- 
ses of India. We are so thankful to our 
Father in heaven that He has brought us 
safely here. While tossed upon the 
ocean wave, and while among many 
people in many a land His protecting 
hand was o'er us all the time. Our 
journey was a pleasant one indeed and 
we feel that it has been very helpful 
to us to be able to visit our European 
missions and to travel in the land where 
Jesus trod. 

We were glad when we could join 
the missionary party at Port Said and 
feel that soon we would be to our new 

We were so glad to land at Bombay 
and meet the old workers here. There 
is a joy, a peace, a perfect happiness 
that we can not express or explain in 
being here. With a room whose ceil- 
ing is brown rafters like our barns at 
home, floors of a cement made of cow- 
chips and earth, rats in the walls and 
keeping the night-time noisy with their 
busy raidings in the grain overhead, a 
bed which has no springs or mattress, — 
only a quilt spread over the ropes and 
a bricked up place in the corner of the 
room where we stand on the floor and 
take our cold bath, the water running 
out the side of the room where a brick 
has been removed, a walk of nearly a 
half mile to our morning, noon, and 

evening meal, and many other things 
that seem queer and new to us, we feel 
a happiness and a nearness to God that 
we never felt so much before. One 
thing so nice about the place here is the 
beautiful scenery. We are one and one- 
half miles from the sea, a river is about 
a quarter of a mile away and the rail- 
road is quite close. The natives are so 
very friendly and we can scarcely be 
patient long enough to get the language 
for we are so anxious to talk to them. 

I thought I had some idea of what 
is needed in India; but with all we can 
read we can not begin to imagine half 
what India is like or what it means for 
them to know Christ. If I could bring 
a native Christian woman and a native 
heathen woman and put them on a high 
place and call all the dear ones of even 
our own Brethren church to look at 
them and see what Christ does for these 
people there would, I'm sure be much 
less spent for luxuries and much more 
for missions. No one who knows by be- 
ing here and seeing things as they really 
are could ever begin to tell the need 
as it really is for it is so great, too 
great to be expressed by tongue or pen. 
O, if our people in America knew what 
their money does for heathen India 
they would not regret that they give 
some for missions; but they would wish 
they had more to give. 

May we who have come have grace, 
power and strength to multiply the 
money given by those who support us, 
a hundredfold. But may the increase be 
in many many souls gathered for the 
Master's kingdom. We feel that we are 
only weak workmen in the vineyard but 
as we go about our daily duties may our 
home ones send many prayers to God for 
each penny that is sent that it may be 
used for the great soul-saving cause. 

As we toil on the field here we know 
that we are representing those who are 
working at home to keep us here, and 
every soul we may help to know Christ 
is a soul added to the record of those 
who help to keep us on the field. 

We hear from Father and Mother 



Miller every few days but it is so hard 
to be separated from them for we have 
learned to love them so much. They 
have been so kind to us. The doctor 
is hustling as usual. I hardly see how 
he can get through with work as he 


Yours in the Cause, 

Steven Berkebile. 

* * * 

W. B. Stover, 70 miles from Bulsar at 
Ava-in-the-deep-forest, Tells of the 
New Field about to be Occupied by 
the Brethren in India: 

Here I am in the densest jungle I 
ever saw, five days' cart-journey from 

We are a little company of three na- 
tive Christians, our cart driver and my- 
self, and I think I can speak for the 
house when I say we are all doing well 
and rejoicing in spirit. 

All but the poor cart driver, who is 
living on the lean of the land, and is 
having a tough time of it. He is our 
Mungalo, who sticks to his caste from 
first to last, and for clothes he is making 
his skin do. 

Once I would have given him credit 
for clinging admirably to his religion. 
Now I know what the trouble is how- 
ever. He is afraid lest his caste will fine 
him or otherwise punish him, if he eats 
anything from our table or drinks water 
we have touched. 

So', poor fellow, he continues with us, 
nibbling at a little hard bread now and 
then. Until the third day out, he was 
living on what he put in his pocket when 
he left home. 

The other day I confidingly put a 
couple pieces of bread in his pocket. 
He smiled so expressive a smile and so 
broad that I allowed myself to think 
he would eat it. But when I was out of 
sight he fed it to the bullocks. 

On your map you can follow us part 
way. We came to Bilimora, then east 
to Chickli, Kuthroat (they are chang- 
ing that name to Pratapnugger, which 
is some better than Kuthroat), Bansda, 

Waghai, Pimpri and Ava. From Bili- 
mora to Bansda it is 29 miles, and from 
Bansda to Ava 29 miles — From Bulsar 
to Bilimora 12 miles. Total 70 miles. 

From Kuthroat — Pratapnugger — to 
Waghai is the native state, with town 
of the same name Bansda. About a half 
mile from Waghai we cross the river 
and get into English territory again. 

The road is as good as a Maryland 
pike to Bansda, then the jungle be- 
gins and road gets worse and worse. 
And it gets worse and worse to Ava 
while the jungle constantly becomes 
more dense. 

But some of the jungle scenes are 
beautifully picturesque. The trees and 
vines, the thick clusters of bamboos, 
the rocks the hills, and ravines and 
streams and occasional little wild flowers 
all serve to make one think of God and 
and rejoice to be living. 

I am so glad that I'm living in this 
present age, and so glad that I have 
come to know the Lord, so glad for his 
Spirit that is in me, and so glad that I 
can be counted as one among His ser- 
vants! Ava as I like to spell it, Ahwa 
as Government puts it, and Ahuwah as 
the native calls it, is a little jungle town 
of about twenty poor huts, in the very 
center of the Dang Forests. 

The Dangs cover about 1,000 square 
miles, and have a population of about 
25,000. The last census gave it as 18,000, 
but I am credibly informed that the 
statement of increase is reliable. 

Until a few. years ago Bhil rajas man- 
aged this country and were a terror to 
all good works, but now Government 
has taken charge and things are quite 

At the present time there remain in 
the Dangs five Bhil rajas and nine little 
Bhil chiefs, all under the hand of the 
British though. 

I visited one of these rajahs day be- 
fore yesterday. He had not much about 
him of what Americans usually associate 
with rajahships. Poor fellow, he may 
not have been expecting company. 

His house was the merest hut, and he 



seemed a bit ill at ease in my presence. 
He has two wives. Had four, they tell 
me, but two got away. I hope to visit 
him longer next time. 

It was such a walk for about four 
miles through grass higher than one's 
head betimes, up over mountain ridges, 
down through gullies and on up again. 

Ava is 1,600 feet above sea level and 
is beautiful for location. Yesterday aft- 
er visiting a village three miles away, 
after dinner we climbed to the top of a 
hill just east of Ava, and O! the beauti- 
ful view from there. Twenty miles to 
the east lay the range of mountains di- 
viding the Dang country from Kandesh 
and Nasik and what a noble range it is, 
with Mt. Saler and Mt. Gaulan each 
nearly a mile high! 

And at our feet, seemingly, the ups 
and downs of the thickly-wooded hills 
and valleys all the distance between. It 
is a sight well worth seeing and begets 
within one thoughts and feelings not 
intended to be put on paper. 

This country of the Dangs is very un- 
healthy, I am told again and again, but 
Ava is the center and healthiest place in 

The dense jungle makes the nights 
cold, and last week I wished much for 
my overcoat, but I do not mind it much 
now. Waghai is worse than Ava 
though, and perhaps I shall want it 
again soon after we turn our faces home- 

Now, we are here on business, on 
* the King's business," and not to see 
the ^country. We hope soon to open a 
small school here, and I trust this will 
be the beginning of a great work. The 
field was never riper, and as I see it, 
never was a place more needy of the 
Gospel. I pray this may be in point 
of numbers our Uganda. 

But we can not tell. There is a deal 
of hard work ahead and much priva- 
tion for the missionary. 

Yet now is the time to strike. Not a 
man of the 25,000 can write his own 
name, and Government asks us to come 
in and open some mission schools, prom- 

ising to stand by us on the matter of 
school buildings, and otherwise showing 
us the warm side of welcome. 

Already to Ava the mail daily comes. 
The Dang Dewan (Sec. of State) resides 
here and seems a splendid man. A Gov- 
ernment doctor had just come four days 
previous to our coming, and a distillery 
too is here. It is licensed by Govern- 
ment and can sell only in the Dangs. 
Its monthly output is 2,000 to 3,000 gal- 
lons. They make two grades of liquor 
from the mowra flower, No's. 25 and 60. 
These sell at 25 to 50 cents per gallon 
respectively and Government takes half 
the sale price in tax. We will have this 
fiend to fight from the first. 

We have among these people scattered 
here, about 6,000 Bhils and 19,000 Ko- 
konis'. These latter are like Bro. Ebey 
has to deal with, which with those be- 
tween us, will I estimate, make a tribe 
of at least 50,000 simple people for our 
prayers to save. 

And the Bhils, with those in Bro. Mc- 
Cann's field and between us make, I 
guess, another 50,000 to work for. And 
we are in the midst of them to save. 
May the Lord hear our prayers, and set 
his seal of approval onto our labors. 

Government has just completed 141 
little huts, rest-houses, in as many vil- 
lages, which are open to us in touring. 
But in the rains there can be no coming 
and going. There is no daily mail then. 
The postman swims the rivers when he 
does come then. 

* * ♦*♦ 

I say not that we must forsake other 
distant fields of duty. I only say that 
there can be no other duty at all com- 
parable to the duty of saving our coun- 
try. None that God so manifestly im- 
poses. What less than a romantic folly 
could it seem to any sober mind if such 
indeed were the alternative to be pour- 
ing out our mercies into the obscure out- 
posts of heathenism and leaving this 
great nation, this brightest hope of the 
ages, to go down as a frustrated and 
broken experiment. — Dr. Bushnell. 




All things come to Thee, O Lord, 
And of Thine own have -we given Thee. 

Offerings are asked to sustain missions on the frontier in the various parts of the 
United States under the General Board, to aid the forty-seven Districts of the Brotherhood 
in their respective fields, to support the work in Sweden, Denmark, France, Switzerland and 
India. The workers on the fields labor for a support, the members of the General Mission- 
ary and Tract Committee give their services free. 

A copy of the Visitor marked " Sample " is sent to each person from whom money has 
been received Within the time of the acknowledgment herewith made. Should any one 
thereby get two copies, please hand one to a friend. 

See that the amount appears properly herewith. In case it does not, write at once to 
the Committee. 

All mission funds for general work should be sent to and in the name of General Mis- 
sionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 

The General Missionary and Tract 
Committee acknowledges receipt of the 
following donations during the month 
of December, 1904: 

Indiana — $261.15. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Portage, $13.50; Pleasant Hill, 

$10.00; Baugo, $3.45 26 95 


R. B. Bollinger, South Whitley, 
$12.00; Levi Zumbrum, Columbia 
City, $5.00; Levi Hoke, Goshen, 
$1.25; I. L. Berkey, Goshen, $2.66; 
Christian Stouder, Nappanee, $8.10 
Daniel Whitmer, South Bend, 66 
cents; A. C. Kindy, Middlebury, 
$3.00; Mrs. C. C. Wenger, South 
Bend, $3.22; Samuel E. Good, 
North Liberty, $1.47; E. W. Bow- 
ser, North Liberty, $1.91; Peter S. 
Troup, Warsaw, $2.00; S. B. Rep- 
pert, Fremont, $12.73; M. D. Neff, 
Milford, $13.33; Mary A. Johnson, 
North Liberty, $10.00; David 
Steele, North Liberty, $1.50; Mrs. 
Eunice Early, South Bend, $7.30; 
N. H. Shutt, Lima, $1.08; Thomas 
Cripe, Goshen, $5.00; D. B. Hart- 
man, South Bend, 82 cents; Susan 
Schrock, Middlebury, $11.65; Mary 
Lammedee, North Liberty, $3.53; 
John S. Kauffman, Nappanee, 53 
cents; David Nihart, Middlebury, 
50 cents; Mrs. Lottie Hummel, 
South Whitley, 50 cents; Haman 

Hoover, Milford, $4.65 114 39 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Bachelor Run, $20.40; Union 

City, $13.80, 34 20 

Sunday schools. 

Burnetts Creek, $6.19; Lancas- 
ter House, $5.55, 11 74 


Daniel Karn, North Manchester, 
$3.75; W. S. Toney, Walton, Mar- 
riage Notice, 50 cents; A. E. 
West, Ankeny, $2.50; Benj. Bow- 
man, North Manchester, $1.50; 

Frank Fisher, Mexico, $1.50; Bar- 
bara Clingenpeel, Bringhurst, 
$1.20; Isaac Shultz, Huntingdon, 
$1.20; Eli Fonts, Peru, $1.50; 
James K. Cline, Markle, $6.00; 

Peter Figert, Roann, $3.00, 22 65 

Southern District, Congregations, 

Nettle Creek, $8.35; Beech 
Grove, $7.00; Four Mile, $6.26, .. 21 61 


Amanda Widows, Hagerstown, 
$1.00; Levi S. Dilling, Hagerstown, 
$1.00; Susan Metzger, Mulberry, 
$1.45; Catharine Bowman, Hagers- 
town, $1.16; S. D. and Lina N. 
Stoner, $25.00 29 61 

Ohio— $241.31. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Lexington, $2.25; Lower Still- 
water, $31.00 33 25 


Sidney E. G. Coffman, Trotwood, 
$3.00; Elias Stauffer, Arcanum, 
$1.20; J. W. Fidler, Brookville, 50 
cents; Jno. H. Rinehart, Union, 
$1.20; G. F. Royer, Brookville, 
$7.20 Wm. Klepinger, Dayton, 
$3.00; Mary Ackerman, Hillsboro, 
$6.00; W. C. Teeter, Dayton, $1.20; 
D. W. Kneisley, Dayton, $3.00; 
John O. Warren, West Milton, 

$1.20, 27 50 

Sunday school. 

Union, Minnie Bright's Class, 
$13.75; Katie Flory's Class, $10.75, 25 50 
Northeastern District, Congregations 

Chippewa, $4.60; Danville, 
$21.10; Mohican Church, $17.11, .. 42 81 


M. W. Printz, White Cottage, 
$6.00; Minerva Printz, White Cot- 
tage, $2.50; G. H Shidler, Ash- 
land, $3.00; Jacob Leckrone, Glen- 
ford, $1.50; John Dupler, Thorn- 
ville, $1.20; J. R Spacht, Wil- 
liamstown, $5.30; Mr. and Mrs. G. 
M. Weidler, Ashland, $6.00; George 
Good, Calla, $1.00; Mrs. Barbara 
Worst, Ashland, $1.00; Sadie, 
Wertz, Seville, $2.50; Lydia 
Wertz, Lodi, $1.50 39 50 



Northwestern District, Congregations. 

South Poplar Ridge, $7.00; Lick 
Creek, $24.00; North Poplar Ridge, 

$8.00 39 00 


S. D. Baker, Latchie, $1.00; 
Jacob Leedy, Lima, $10.00; Bar- 
bara Newcomer, Bryan, $3.00; Oro 
E. Young, Sidney, Marriage No- 
tice, 50 cents; Samuel P. Miller, 
New Lebanon, 80 cents; B. F. Sni- 
der, Bellefontaine, $1.20; Samuel 
Bame, deceased. Williamstown, 
$5.00; David Fultz, Rushville, 
$3.15; David Berkebile, Delta, 
$1.20; Edith Sellers, Bryan, $1.50; 
Barbara Newcomer, Bryan, $1.00; 
William Musser, Bryan, $1.00; 
Hazel Smith, Bryan, $1.50; Mary 
Brenner, Edgerton, $1.00; J. W. 
Lehman, Defiance, $1.20; Henry 
and Walter Lehman, Defiance, 
$1.50; Lydia Parmer, Upper San- 
dusky, 50 cents, 34 75 

Pennsylvania — $213.84. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Ella G. Famous, Jeffersonville, 
$1.00; Barbara Leiter, Greencastle, 
$1.00; Rebecca Miller. Hampton, 
$5.00; Isabella, F. Price, Oaks, 
$3.30; Elizabeth Fahrney, Deep 
River, $2.50; Ezra Fahrney, Deep 
River, $2.50; Amanda K. Miller, 
Spring Forge, $2.00; Maggie K. 
Miller, Spring Forge, $2.00; Mrs. 
John Royer, Mercersburg, $1.00; 
Martha E. Hege, Williamston, 
$1.00; Geo. R. Diehl, Upton, $1.00; 
Retiza Ebersole, Upton, $1.00; 
Jacob Beeler, York, $2.00; C. F. 
& B. Shultz, Mummasburg, $2.00; 
John Lehner, Upton, 65 cents; Al- 
ice Thimmer, York, $5.00; John F. 
Sprenkle, York, $15.00; D. E. 

Brown, East Berlin, $10.00 57 95 

Middle District. 

Missionary Meeting at Lewis- 
town, 83 cents; Martinsburg Mis- 
sionary and Temperance Associa- 
tion, $6.33; Missionary and Tem- 
perance Meeting at New Enter- 
prise, $9.67 16 83 


Adam Frederick, Woodbury, 
$2.00; Nancy J. Madison, Birming- 
ham, $1.50; Annie E. Miller, Wood- 
bury. $6.46; A Brother, $9.25; John 

H. Smith, Swales, 80 cents 26 01 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Lancaster 7 10 


A M. Kuhns, Union Deposit, 
$4.25; Abram S. Hottel. Philadel- 
phia, $5.00; Gabriel King, Rich- 
land, $2.50; David Kulp. Potts- 
town, $6.75; George S. Rowland, 

Mountville, $31.25 49 75 

Western District, Congregations. 

Pike Creek, $7.54; Dunnings 

Creek. $5.00 12 54 

Sunday school. 

Pike, . . , 5 76 


Joel Knagey, Myersdale, $3.00; 
C. J. Miller. Somerset. $2.40; Two 
Brothers, $2.50; Mrs. J. E. Burget, 
New Castle, $1.00; H. H Reitz, Elk 
Lick, $7.00; S. J. Miller, Myers- 
dale. $6.00; D. J. Fike, Myersdale, 
$16.00 37 90 

Illinois— $195.51. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Rock River, $26.00; Cherry 
Grove, $11; Sterling, $3.36; Yel- 
low Creek, $8.80, 49 16 

Sunday school. 

Silver Creek 5 21 


A Brother, Elgin, $5.00; Jennie 
S. Harley, Mt. Morris, $1.20; J. B. 
Lutz, Shannon, $5.00; Galen B. 
Royer, Elgin, $5.40; Belle Whit- 
mer, Lanark, $1.00; J. H. Moore, 
Elgin, $1.20; Wm. Lampin, Polo, 
$5.42; D. E. Eshelman, Avon, $1.00; 
Serilda J. Gates, Girard, $2.60; D. 
U. & S. E. Berkman, Franklin 
Grove, $3.33; Charlotte Colwell, 
Kewanee, 75 cents; J. M. Lutz, Mt. 
Morris, $1.08; A. L. Clair, Mt. 
Morris, $1.20; A. Sword, Lanark, 
$2.00; W. R. Thomas, Mt. Mor- 
ris, $1.00; Collin Puterbaugh, Lan- 
ark, $5.82; Mary C. Fisher, Pearl 
City, $5.41; Daniel Barrick, By- 
ron, $2.50; College Stock, Mt. Mor- 
ris, $1.53; C. G. Binkley, Mary- 
land, $1.15; A. L. Moats, Dixon, 
$1.20; Mrs. J. L. Meyers, Franklin 
Grove, $30.00; Margaret LeFevre, 
Chicago, $2.50; Esther Vroman, 
Wheaton, $1.90; Benj. Swingley, 
Mt. Morris, $4.58; William Win- 
gerd, Lanark, $14.00; Philip H. 

Graybill, Polo, $1.25, 109 02 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Hill, 3 60 


J. M. Masterson, Chatham, 50 
cents; J. J. Shively, Cerrogordo, 
$5.00; Francis Snavely, Hudson, 
$2.50; Elizabeth Herricks, Cerro- 
gordo, $8,33; John Arnold, Lintner, 
$1.00; J. W. Stutzman, Girard, 
$1.56; David Blickenstaff, Cerro- 
gordo, $9.58 28 47 

Iowa — $169.06. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Kingsley, Friends and Neigh- 

17 50 


C. Frederick, Grundy Center, 
$6.00; H. F. Maust, Ireton, $1.37; 
H. F. Maust, Ireton, $6.00; Jacob 
S. Albright, Eldora, $18,30; J. H. 
Grady, Waterloo, $3.00; Edward 
Zepf, Grundy Center, $5.50; Eliza- 
beth Kile, Grundy Center, $3.30; 
Henry Kile, Grundy Center, $5.50; 
Fernand Zepf, Grundy Center, 
$11.00; Jacob Lichty, Waterloo, 
$5.50; Levi Miller, Fredericksburg, 
$3.75; L. L. Hess, Eldora. $1.00; 
H. S. Sheller, Eldora, $5.50; G. 
A. and E. S. Moore, Eldora, $1.10, 76 82 

Southern District, Congregation. 

English River, 35 45 


Elizabeth Gabble, Richland, 
$1.00; R. E. Burger, Allerton, 
$2.50; Daniel Niswander, South, 
English, $3.00; W. G. Caskey, Corn- 
ing, $1.20; Jacob Keffer, New 

Virginia, $1.20 8 90 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Panther Creek, $4.00; Cedar 

Creek, $7.50 11 50 


C. B. Rover. Dallas Center, 
$3.33; John Weigle, Waterloo, 
$6.00; J. R. Miller, Robins, $1.15; 
Vinton Artz, Beaman, $.55; Frank 
Rhodes, Dallas Center, $6.66; C. 
J. Reitz, Maxwell, $1.20 18 89 



Maryland — $152.53. 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Welsh Run, $22.50; Fred. City, 
$12.23; Broadfording, Christian 
Workers, $3.20 37 93 


W. S. Reichard, Hagerstown, 
$3.00; W. E. Roop, New Windsor, 
marriage notice, 50 cents; D. Vic- 
tor Long, marriage notice, 50 

cents 4 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Pipe Creek, 22 00 


Elizabeth Roop, Union Bridge, 
$11.10; Sallie Wingard, Oxford, 
$3.00; Annie K. Stover, Union 
Bridge, $15.00; Elizabeth Roop, 

Union Bridge, $15.00 44 10 

Western District, Congregation. 

Maple Grove, 14 50 


J. E. Gnagey, Accident 30 00 

Kansas — $115.11. 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Wichita, $5.70; Eden Valley, 

$5.25; Walton, $5.82, 16 77 


Elizabeth Vaniman, McPherson, 
$10.00; Eliza Flock, McPherson, 
$22.92; Mrs. N. J. Ulrey, Pratt, 

50 cents, 33 42 

Southeastern District, Congregations. 

Grenola, $4.22; Verdigris, $5.89; 
Osage, $12.64; Grenola, $8.31; Al- 

tamont. $3.75, 34 81 


John W. Fishburn, Overbrook, . .-- 2 30 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Victor, $6.50; Pleasant View, 

$8.40; 14.90 


Lydia A. Humphry, Russel, . . 50 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Navarre, $4.00; Abilene, $5.07,.. 9 07 

Sunday school. 

Dickey, 1 34 


W. B. Price, Wamego, $1.50; 
Geo. A. Fishburn, Overbrook, mar- 
riage notice, 50 cents, 2 00 

Virginia— $87.72 

Second District, Congregations. 

Lebanon, $1.00; Limeville, $17.00; 

Manassas, $5.87 23 87 


Jno. S. Flory, Charlottesville, 
$1.10; Jas. R. Shipman, Bridge- 
water, $1.50; Lizzie F. Showalter, 
Rockingham, $1.20; D. F. Long, 
Bridgewater, $6.00; Jos. F. Driver, 
Timberville, $1.40; J. M. Garber, 
Mt. Sidney, $1.20; D. Saylor Neff, 
Quicksburg, $1.50; D. F. Long, 
Bridgewater, $3.00; John A. Show- 
alter, Cherry Grove, $4.40; J. N. 
and Hettie Smith, Broadway, 
$1.45; B. W. Neff, Mt. Jackson, 
$7.25; Daniel Flory, Broadway, 70 
cents; B. F. Glick, Weyer's Cave, 
$6.00; Bettie Good, Keezletown, 
$1.50; W. H. Sipe, Lilly; $14.50; A. 

Flory, Penn Laird, $2.00 54 70 

First District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Hill 3 15 


I. S. Heddings, Midland, $1.00; 
Eld. B. W. Neff, Mt. Jackson, 
$1.00; Mary E. Neff, Quicksburg, 









$1.00; J. H. Garber. New Market, 
$1.00; J. T. Layman, New Market, 
$1.00; J. Frank Good, New Mar- 
ket, $1.00, 6 00 

Missouri — $87.75. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Rockingham, $46.40; Smith 
Fork, $6.50; Honey Creek, $2.15... 55 05 


S. B. Shirkey, Norborne, $3.35; 
Mrs. I. N. Taylor, Bolckow, $2.00; 
Mollie L. Taylor, Bolckow, $2.00, 7 35 

Middle District, Individuals. 

O. Perry Hoover, St. Louis, 
$12.00; Reuben Weller, Rich Hill, 
$2.50; Walter Weimer, Jerico, 
25 cents; Nettie Weimer, Jerico, 
25 cents; Mary Weimer, Jerico, 


Middle District, Congregation. 


North Dakota — $78.90. 


Williston, $10.35.; White Rock, 

$25.05; Rock Lake, $25.50 

Sunday school. 



Barbara "Brown, Stark Weather, 
$4.00; J. A. Weaver, Bowbells, 
marriage notice, 50 cents; J. M. 
Fike, Fessenden, $3.00; John Mc- 
Clane, Knox, marriage notice, 50 
cents, 8 00 

California — $67.28. 


Lordsburg, $14.25; Glendora, 

$24.50, 38 75 

Sunday school. 

Tropico, 10 00 


Andrew Shrively, Lordsburg, 
$5.00; Jas. T. Thomas, Inglewood, 
$1.50; Grace Hileman Miller, 
Lordsburg, $3.00; Magdalena 
Myers, Los Angeles, $4.58; Three, 
Tropico, $4.00; Mary R. Moler, 
Winters, 75 cents, 18 53 

West Virginia — $66.39. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Sandy Creek, 5 00 


Sarah C. Waybright, Stover, 
$3.00; Annie E. Ross, Simpson, 
$5.00; Sarah E. Newlon, Grafton, 
$1.00; J. F. Ross, Simpson, $9.34; 
Peter Biser. Heads ville, $1.20; 
Catherine Harper, Onega, $8.50; 
R. E. Reed Morgantown, 40 cents, 28 44 

First District, Sunday school. 

Maple Spring and Glade View,. . 26 95 


Moses Fike, Eglon, $5.00; Sea- 
more Hamstead, Eglon, $1.00, 6 00 

Idaho— $31.14. 


Nezperce, $20.00; Idaho Falls, 
$4.30; Nezperce, marriage notice, 

50 cents 


T. N. Beckner, Nampa, $4.43; 
Sarah J. Beckner, Nampa, $1.91,.. 

Washington — $35.05. 


Sunnyside, $10.50; Tekoa, $14.70, 
Tekoa Christian Workers 


Six members of Sunnyside, .... 5 25 









Oregon — $23.83. 


Mohawk Valley 


A Brother of Mohawk cong. 
$2.50; D. B. Eby, Sunnyside, $1.20 
D. B. Eby, Sunnyside, $9.58 
Mary E. Rhodes, Talent, $1.05 
John Secrist, Myrtle Point, $7.00, 

Nebraska — $12.95. 


Octavia, $4.00; Exeter, $3.87, . . 

J. J. Kindig, Roseland, mar- 
riage notice, 50 cents; Conrad 
Fitz, Boulder, $2.50; Mr. R. I. Mc- 
Connell, Sidney, $1.00; Hannah 
Good, Holmesville, $1.08, 

Colorado — $12.48. 



Oklahoma — $10.50. 

cents; Mrs. 
as, $1.00; 
$1.00; C. 
$5.00; H. H. 

J. Smith, Ames. 50 
Minnie Rhodes, Thorn- 
John Gsipe, Thomas. 
W. Boyer, Kildare, 
Ritter, Guthrie, $3.00, 

North Carolina — $10.15. 


Flat Rock, 

Michigan — $6.00. 

Sunday school. 



Joseph W. Smith, Woodland, 
$1.00; Retta Price, Buchanan, 
$1.00 : 

Wisconsin — $5.86. 


Wordens church 


M. D. Looker, Viola 

Tennessee — $6.30. 


Knob Creek, $3.30; Pleasant 

Valley, $2.50, 


R. M. Gross, Rogersville 

Minnesota — $4.75. 



Plorida — $3.13. 


Wm. H. Main, Ft. Drum, $1.05; 
Margaret Baker, Keuka, $2.08 

Alabama — $2.00. 


Jas. M. Stover, Bay Mannette, 

District of Columbia — $1.20. 


Lizzie Knepper, "Washington, . . 

2 50 

21 33 

7 87 

5 08 

12 48 

10 50 

10 15 

4 00 

2 00 

1 00 
4 86 

5 80 

4 75 

3 13 

2 00 

1 20 

Total for the month of Dec. $ 1901 89 
Previously reported 10578 53 

Total for the year so far 

12480 42 


Pennslyvania — $438.84. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 
Elizabethtown church, $45.48; 

Indian Creek, $55.10; Mountville, 

$23.97 124 55 

Sunday school. 

Royersford 10 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Woodbury 21 09 

Fairview, 6 30 


Susanna Rouzer, New Paris, 
$1.00; Mrs. Geo. W. Replogle, 
Woodbury, $4.00; Alice Baker, 
Curryville, $5.00; Rosa Teeter, 
New Enterprise, $2.00; Amanda 
Sollenberger, New Enterprise, 
$1.00; Eld. David A. Stayer, 
Tatesville, $5.00; Eld. Chas. Buck, 
New Enterprise, $5.00; Eld. J. B. 
Miller, Woodbury, $5.00; Mrs. 
Fluck, Woodbury, $2.00; W. H. 
Brumbaugh, $1.00; L. H. Brum- 
baugh, Clover Creek, $1.00; A. B. 
Burkett, Clover Creek, $2.00; Isaac 
Burkett, Clover Creek, $2.00; 
Sister Galley, Martinsburg, $1.00; 
A. B. Mock, Martinsburg, $5.00; 
J. H. Crofford and wife, Martins- 
burg, $10.00; Daniel Shelly, Shelly- 
town, $8.00; Jacob Koontz, wife 
and daughter, New Enterprise, 
$10.00; David Wineland, Clover 
Creek, 25 cents; Elizabeth Hoover, 
Martinsburg, $1.00; S. M. Shriver, 
Martinsburg, $2.00; W. L. Wine- 
land, Martinsburg, $1.00; Jerry 
Clepser. Martinsburg. $5.00; Mary 
M. Galley, Martinsburg, $2.00; 
Sarah Galley, Martinsburg, $3.00; 
Andrew Brumbaugh, Martinsburg, 
$2.00; James E. Mock, Curry- 
ville, $2.00; Adam Pote. Baker's 
Summit, $5.00; John B. Pote, 
Baker's Summit, $2.00; Isaac L. 
Snyder, Maria, $5.00; I. C. Stayer, 
Woodbury, $1.00; R. R. Stayer, 
Woodbury. $5.00; A Sister, Wood- 
bury, $1.00; J. C. Stayer, Wood- 
bury, $5.25; Elix Sell, Loysburg, 
50 cents; Henry Koontz, New En- 
terprise, $5.00; Sarah Detwiler, 
New Enterprise, $1.00; Dan S. 
Guyer, New Enterprise, $1.00; 
Elizabeth Guyer, New Enterprise, 
50 cents; David L. Hoover, New 
Enterprise. 50 cents; John S. 
Guyer, New Enterprise, $10.00; 
Jacob S. Guver, New Enterprise, 
$10.00; Samuel Snyder, Loysburg, 
$5.00: John S. Baker and wife, 
Loysburg, $10.00; Barnett & 
Hoover, Roaring Springs. $5.00; 
Charles Barnett, Roaring Springs, 
$1.00; D. B. Maddocks, Roar- 
ing Springs, $2.00; A. J. Det- 
wiler, Larke, $5.00; D. M. Rep- 
logle, Drab, $6.00; Andrew Det- 
wiler, Drab, 50 cents; Joseph Sol- 
lenberger, Williamsburg, $1.00; 
J. S. Bechtel and wife, Williams- 
burg, $2.00; Jane Smith, Will- 
iamsburg. $2.00; Emery Brum- 
baugh, Williamsburg, $5.00; A. 
S. Bechtel and wife, Williams- 
burg, $2.00; Geo. Beach, Shelly- 
town, $1.00: David Shelly. Shelly- 
town, $5.00; John Wineland, 
Shell vtown, $1.00; N. J. Shelly, 
Shellytown, $1.00, 195 50 

Western District, Congregations. 

Summit Mills. $18.15; Elklick. 
$32.65; Spring Run, $1.00; Dun- 
nings Creek, $5.00 56 80 


Mrs. J. E. Burget. $3.00; Hannah 
Puderbaugh, Martinsburg. $1.00, 4 00 



Sunday school. 

Meyersdale, 4 53 


Julia Sprenkle, York, $5.00; 
John F. Sprenkle, York, $5.00; 
Ella G. Famous, Jeffersonville, 
$1.00; Wm. H. Blough, Somerset, 
$5.07, 16 07 

Ohio — $38.36. 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Silver Creek, $9.30; Green- 
spring, $13.00 22 30 


Bernice Clay, Pioneer, 60 cents; 
Ethel Dukes, Old Fort, $1.20; 
Mrs. S. D. Baker, Latchie, $1.00,.. 2 80 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Jennie Klepinger, Dayton, $2.00; 

Chas. and Erne Miller, $1.04, 3 04 


Loramies 5 22 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Danville, 10 00 


J. H. Kurtz, Poland 5 00 

Illinois — $34.52. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Hill, 28 77 


S. W. Stutzman, Girard, $3.75; 
A Sister, Mt. Morris, $1.00; Susie 
Sheckler, Ellisville, $1.00 5 75 

Indiana — $29.90. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Pine Creek, $9.10; Turkey Creek, 

$8.62 17 72 


J. C. Miller, Topeka, $1.00; 
Mrs. Lottie Hummel, South 
Whitley, 50 cents, Mary M. Mish- 
ler, Nappanee, $2.52, 4 02 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Union City, 2 25 


Daniel Snell, Sidney, 2 00 

Mary Garber, Portland, 1 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

White church 3 00 

Kansas — $25.07. 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Monitor, 23 07 

Northeastern District Congregation. 

Vermillion, 2 00 

Michigan— $18.00. 

New Haven, $10.00; Bethel, 
$8.00, 18 00 

Virginia — $17.00. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Limeville 17 00 

California — $15.25. 


Lordsburg, 14 25 


John Renner, Long Beach, .... 1 00 

Iowa — $6.55. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Anna Flory, $2.05; A few mem- 
bers from near Ollie, $2.00; Libbie 
Helsel, Derby, $1.00; Anna Kob, 
Garden Grove, 50 cents; Jemima 
Kob, Garden Grove, 50 cents; L. 
M. Kob, Garden Grove, 50 cents,. . 6 55 

Maryland — $6.42. 

Edgwood Mission • 6 42 

Oregon — $2.50. 


Mohawk Valley, 2 50 

West Virginia — $3.00. 

Second District, Individual. 

J. F. Ross, Simpson, 3 00 

Total for the month of Dec. $ 635 50 
Previously reported 1911 65 

Total for the year 2547 15 


Virginia — $63.32. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Midland, 4 43 

Snuday school. 

Barren Ridge, 22 34 

First District, Congregations. 

Maple spring and Glade View, 
$35.55; Topeco, $1.00 36 55 


Middle District, Individual. 

Mary J. Walker, Adel, 50 00 


Panther Creek 50 

Northern District. 

Grundy Center Sunday school 
and reading circle 3 00 

Pennsylvania — $52.50. 

Western District, Sunday school. 

Manor, 5 00 


B. F. Clark, Meyersdale 16 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

John F. Sprenkle, York, $16.00; 
A Sister, Carlisle, $1.00; Gorah 
Attich, Mechanicsburg, 50 cents, 17 50 

Middle District, Individual. 

Lizzie Balsbaugh, Hanoverdale, 7 00 


Spring Run, $1.00 1 00 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A Brother, Philadelphia, $5.00; 
A Sister, Vernfield, $1.00, 6 00 

Maryland — $40.49. 

Middle District, Sunday school. 

Spring Run, $1.00 1 00 

Broadfording Christian Workers, 16 00 


A Sister, Hagerstown, 1 00 

Western District, Individual. 

J. P. Miller, Englar 16 00 

Kansas — $23.40. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Mrs. E. E. Riddlebarger, Scan- 

dia 10 00 

Southeastern District. 

York District Missionary So- 
ciety, 4 00 

Southwestern Dis. Sunday school. 

Slate Creek, 140 


Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Stutzman, 
Conway 8 00 

Indiana, — $25.20. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

John Flora, Bringhurst, $1.80; 
Roy L. Eikenberry, Bringhurst, 
75 cents; Charley Albaugh, Bring- 
hurst, 35 cents; Floyd Landis, 
Bringhurst $2.00; Carl Johnson, 
Bringhurst, $2.25; Silas Wray, 
Bringhurst, $1.00; Hiram Wray, 



Bringhurst, $1.00; Truman Clark, 
Flora, $1.00; Russel Hawkins, 
Bringhurst, $1.00; Elsie Mosier, 
Bringhurst, $1.00; Russel Hood, 
Flora, 75 cents; Alice Moss, 
Bringhurst, $1.00; Edna Eiken- 
berry, Bringhurst, 75 cents; Mary 
Clingenpeel, Bringhurst, 20 cents; 
Mary Viney, Bringhurst 25 cents; 
Mary Harter, Bringhurst, $2.00; 
Grace Clingenpeel, Bringhurst, 
$1.00; Ruth Garrison, Bringhurst. 
35 cents; Bulah Hood, Flora, 25 
cents; Gladis Viney, Bringhurst, 
25 cents; Burl Clingenpeel, Bring- 
hurst, 20 cents; Edith Kuhn, 
Bringhurst, 65 cents; Cola Clin- 
genpeel, Bringhurst, $1.25; May 
Clingenpeel, Bringhurst. 85 cents; 
Nettie Clingenpeel, Bringhurst, 

$1.50, 23 40 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Arthur Long, North Liber- 
ty, 1 80 

Ohio — $24.60. 

Southern District, Sunday schools. 

West Dayton ■ 17 00 

Greenville, 4 00 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Geo. W. Eavery, Lima 2 60 

Northeastern, District, Individuals. 

Birdella A. Printz, White Cot- 
tage 2 50 

Barbara Worst, Ashland 1 00 

Missouri — $12.05. 

Middle District. Individual. 

Albert Snowberger, Leeton 8 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Dry Fork church 4 05 

Oregon — $9.40. 


Mohawk 2 50 


Nellie and Fernie Root, Nor- 
way, 4 40 

Anna Royer, Shedds 2 50 

Illinois — $8.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Martha E. Lear, Cerrogordo, . . 8 00 

California — $5.00. 


Belinda Riley, Tropico 5 00 

Nebraska — $4.00. 

Octavia, 4 00 

West Virginia — $3.50. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Chestnut Grove 2 00 


Nan A. Breakiron. Fairmont,.. 1 50 

Colorado — $.70. 

Sunday school. 

Rockyford, 70 

Total for the month of Dec. $ 328 16 
Previously reported 2457 43 

Total for the year so far .... 2785 59 

Pennsylvania — $51 .01 . 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Lancaster City 10 20 


A Brother, Philadelphia, $5.00; 
A Sister, Vernfield, $1.00 6 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Raven Run Christian Workers, 8 00 


RufusReplogle, Roaring Springs, 8 75 

Southern District Congregation. 

Pleasant Hill. 10 00 

Western District, Sunday school. 

Walnut Grove, 8 06 

Illinois — $11.80. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Waddams Grove 11 80 

Colorado — $5.37. 

Sunday school. 

. . Rockyford 5 37 

Indiana — $2.85. 

Northern District, Sunday school. 

Guernsey Union, 1 85 


A Brother, North Liberty, .... 1 00 

Missouri — $3.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Susie Forney Puterbaugh, Cam- 
eron, 3 00 

Oklahoma $5.00. 


M. E. Trout, Norman. $4.00; 
N. B. Nelson, Hastings, $1.00,.... 5 00 

Iowa — $4.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Panther Creek, 4 00 

Canada — $4.00. 


W. T. Hollenberger's children, 
Nanton, Alta., 4 00 

West Virginia — $3.77. 

First District, Congregation. 

Greenland 2 02 

Sunday school. 

Lindside 1 75 

Ohio — $5.50. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Birdella Printz, White Cottage, 2 50 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Christian Krabill and wife, Re- 
becca, 3 00 

Virginia — $3.00. — 

Second District, Individual. 

N. D. Cool, Winchester 2 50 

First District, Congregation. 

Topeco, ;...-. 1 40 

North Dakota — $1.50. 

Sunday school. 

Eureka, 1 50 

Arizona — $.95. 


Glendale 95 

Total for the month of Dec. $ 102 65 
Previously reported, 1495 29 

Total for the year so far,... 1597 94 
Minnesota — $21.00. 

Root River, 21 00 

Ohio — $14.00. 

Southern District — Individuals. 
Daniel Bock, $10.00; Martha 



Keeley, Frankfort, $3.00; Jennie 
Klepinger, Dayton, $1.00 14 00 

Indiana — $11 .44. 

Northern District. 

Rock Run Christian Workers, .. 1144 

Nebraska — $7.00. 


Barbara M. Nickey, Alvo 7 00 

Pennsylvania— $6.00. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

A Sister, Vernfield, $1.00; A 
Brother, Philadelphia, $5.00, ... 2 00 

Virginia — $5.00. 

Second District. 

Timberville prayer meeting,... 5 00 

California — $3.00. 


Stephen Yoder, Los Angeles,... 3 00 

Iowa — $1.80. 

Northern District, Sunday school. 

Greene, 1 80 

Illinois— $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Susie Sheckler, Ellisville 100 

Total for the month of Dec. $ 70 24 
Previously reported, 219 54 

Total for year so far, 287 78 


Pennsylvania — $12.84. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Lancaster City 12 84 

"Washington — $1.10. 

Teoka Christian Workers, .... 1 10 

Total for the month of Dec. $ 13 94 
Previously reported, 22 50 

Total for the year so far, 46 44 


Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 
Joseph Sprenkle, York 

5 00 

Total for the month of Dec. $ 5 00 

Previously reported 87 32 

Total for the year so far 92 32 


Pennsylvania^ — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 
Joseph Sprenkle, York, 

5 00 

Total for the month of Dec. $ 5 00 

Previously reported 87 32 

Total for the year so far,. ... 92 32 


Illinois — $1.97. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elmer J. Stauffer, Woburn 1 97 

Total for the month of Dec. $ 
Previously reported, 

Total for the year so far,. . . . 

1 97 
3 00 


Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Eastern District, Individual. 
A Sister, Vernfield, 

1 00 

Total for the month of Dec. $> 
Previously reported 

Total for the year so far. . . . 

1 00 
10 00 

11 00 

Corrections. — In November report under 
World-Wide Fund $3.40 should have been 
credited to Eliza Hilkey, Laurel Dale, W. 
Va., instead of Greenland Cong. $5 to 
Claude B. and Alice C. Miller, New Paris, 
Pa., instead of Dunnings Creek. Under 
Brooklyn Meetinghouse Fund Peter Knavel 
and John B. Miller should have been 
credited under Western instead of South- 
ern Pennsylvania, and $5 should have been 
credited to a sister, Louisville, Ohio, in- 
stead of Geo. S. Grim. Under India Or- 
phanage, Pittsburgh church should have 
been credited under Western instead of 
Eastern Pennsylvania, and $9.40 should 
have been credited to Lizzie U. Grim's 
Sunday-school class instead of Lizzie U. 

* * * 


4 97 


By balance $36 39 

Henry Stahly, Nappanee, Ind., .... 75 

Mr. and Mrs. Clayton Stahley, Nap- 
panee, Ind 2 25 

Christian Workers' Meeting of Fair- 
view Cong., Pa., per A. J. Detwil- 
er, Larke, Pa., 4 00 

E. A. Squires, Wawaka, Ind., 2 00 

Martha Morse, and Mother, Lodi, 
Ohio, 2 

Shipshewana church, Ind., per Dan- 
iel Bollinger 5 60 

Mr. and Mrs. William Horner, Baltic, 

Ohio, 1 00 

Des Moines Valley church, Ankeny, 

Iowa, per A. E. West, 6 00 

Nevada, Ohio, church, per Mrs. J. 

L. Guthrie 8 00 

Dry Valley S. S., Maitland, Pa., per 

D. E. Richard 1 77 

"A Sister," Sunfield, Michigan 1 00 

Special for freight charges 36 

M. L. Moyer, Goshen, Ind., (special), 1 00 
Lancaster City church, per E. W. 

JEEagen, Mountville, Pa., 2 50 

David Clem, Walkerton, Ind 2 00 

Barbara Gish, Roanoke, Ills., per J. 

E. McCauley, 10 00 

H. H. Johnson, Pleasant Lake, N. 

Dak., (special), 1 00 

" A. S," Mt. Morris, Ills., 2 00 

J. F. and Debbie Hantz, Abilene, 

Kans., 5 00 

Chippewa Cong, of Creston, Ohio, 

per Mrs. D. R. McFadden 9 90 

" A Sister," Elizabethtown, Pa. 2 00 

Jos. H. Dillon, Floyd, Va., 2 00 

Jos Sniteman, So. English, la., .... 10 00 

Lizzie Johnson, Greer. la., (special), 5 00 

R. E. and Sarah Burger, Allerton, 111., 2 50 
Nezperce, Idaho, S. S., per Mattie L. 

Buck, 5 00 

H. E. Gerdes, wife and daughter, of 

Coleta, Ills., (special), 6 00 

Reading Circle of the Grundy Cen- 
ter, la., church, per Mrs. C. L. Gra- 
ham, 55 



*' A Sister," Cabool, Mo., 5 00 

Hannah Dunning, of Denbigh, N. 

Dak., (special), 50 

Sisters' Mission Circle of Panora, 

la,, per Lora Caslow, Yale, la., . . 2 10 

S. F. Sanger, So. Bend, Ind 25 

Irene Replogle's S. S. Class, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa 1 50 

Sisters' Aid Society of Lower Still- 
water church of Dayton, Ohio, per 

Ida E. Etter, 5 00 

Peter Brubaker, Worthington, Minn., 50 

W. P. Lentz, Herring, Ohio 5 00 

"A Sister," Philadelphia, Pa 1 50 

Martha Morse, Lodi, Ohio, 1 00 

Sale of comforter, 1 50 

Primary S. S., Mt. Morris, 111., per 

Nelson Shirk, 1 10 

Lewiston, Pa., S. S. per Maude. L. 

Rudy 1 62 

Amanda R. Cassel, Vernfleld, Ohio, . . 1 00 
Samuel and Jane Badger, Panther, 

la 2 00 

Enid Early, Elgin, 111 126 

Alice A. Roddy and her niece and 
nephews, Johnstown, Pa., — Owen 
Hofecker, $1.00; I. Merle Hofecker, 
$1.00; Cora E. Hofecker, 75 cents; 
Lloyd H. Hofecker. 50 cents; My- 
ron L. Hofecker, 75 cents; Roy Q. 
Hofecker, 50 cents; Glen M. Hof- 
ecker, 50 cents, and Alice A. Roddy 

$1.00, 6 00 

Industrial School 4 36 

$178 76 
Paid Out. 

Living fund 10 40 

Rent 10 00 

Gas, 1 05 

Industrial school 10 07 

Incidentals 10 21 

Help to poor 22 20 

Support for workers 22 00 

Carfare for mission visits, 75 

86 68 
Cash on hand, 92 08 

$178 76 
Cora Cripe. 
660 S. Ashland Ave., Chicago. 

*• * * 


Missionaries are confronted with some 
very perplexing questions which the 
church at home does not meet. The fol- 
lowing is a good illustration of one of 
them. In the Baptist Missionary Mag- 
azine Dr. Mason of Assam, India, asks 
the following question and then offers 
some comments, parts of which are the 

" What shall be done with polygamous 
converts? Evidently it is not a local 
question, nor one that is satisfactorily 
or generally answered. And in my opin- 
ion the cause of Christ suffers because of 
it. As for myself, I have strong opin- 
ions as to the fruits of these different 

practices; but such opinions are not what 
are wanted. We would like, if possible, 
the plain direction of Scripture. Is it 
to be had? I know that there has been 
no little thought on this subject by mis- 
sionaries and missionary organizations. 
Will any such tell us whether there is 
any scriptural ground for requiring a 
man to separate from such wives, either 
with or without their children? The 
whole tenor of Scripture on the subject 
of the separation of husband and wife 
is strong — so strong it seems to me, that 
a missionary should have strong Scrip- 
ture support to lead him to even share 
in the responsibility of causing such 

Further on in the article reference is 
made to Lamech, Ishmael, Jacob and 
David having more than one wife. 
Speaking of these instances the writer 
says: "Do not understand me to im- 
ply that such a relation is ideal, or that 
it is of God's plan. On the contrary the 
New Testament seems plainly to show 
that each man should have but one wife, 
and no Christian is to marry a second 
wife. But here we are dealing with an- 
other class of people, with men who had 
formed this relation before they knew 
God, and who in many cases did it, I be- 
lieve more innocently than did the pa- 
triarchs. God knew we should have this 
question to meet, and for this reason 
left, as it appears to me, instruction in 
the New Testament. For Paul, when 
writing to the Corinthian Church re- 
garding Christian converts from hea- 
thenism in their relations to those whom 
they had previously married, lays down 
a principle for ' all the Churches/ and 
says, ' In an}' case people should con- 
tinue in the state of life which the Lord 
has allotted to them, and in which they 
were when God called them. This is 
the rule I lay down in all the Churches.' 
1 Cor. 7: 17. I quote from the Twentieth 
Century New Testament, because the 
language seems simpler and I do not 
suppose anyone will dispute the accuracy 
of the rendering. The New Testament 
in Modern Speech gives it, ' Whatever 
the condition in which he was living 
when God called him, in that let him 
continue.' " 



General Missionary and Tract Committee. 

D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, Illinois, 1905. 
John Zuck, Clarence, Iowa, 1905. 
S. F. Sanger, South Bend, Indiana, 1906. 
A. B. Barnhart, Hagerstown, Md., 1904. 
H. C. Early, Keezletown, Virginia, 1904. 


Chairman, D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, 111. 
Vice-Chairman, H. C. Early, Keezle- 
town, Va. 
Secretary and Treasurer, Galen B. Roy- 
er, Elgin, Illinois. 

All correspondence for the Committee 
should be addressed to its office as fol- 
lows: The General Missionary and 
Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 

The regular meetings of the Commit- 
tee are the Monday before the conven- 
ing of Standing Committee at Annual 
Meeting, and the 1st Tuesday in No- 

♦*• ♦> *# 


Name and address of missionaries un- 
der the direction and support of the 
General Missionary and Tract Commit- 
tee, with the year entering the service. 

Postage on all letters to those outside 
of the United States, 5 cents for every 
half ounce or fraction thereof. 


All letters to the following in India 
should be marked " B. B. Ry." 

Berkebile, S. P., Dahanu, 1904 

Berkebile, Nora E., Dahanu,.- 1904 

Blough, J. M., Bulsar, 1903 

Blough, Anna Z, Bulsar, 1903 

Ebey, Adam B., Dahanu, 1900 

Ebey, Alice K., Dahanu, 1900 

Eby, E. H., Jalalpor, 1904 

Eby, Emma H., Jalalpor, 1904 

Emmert, Jesse B., Bulsar, 1902 

Lichty, Daniel J., Anklesvar, 1902 

Lichty, Nora A., Anklesvar, 1903 

Long, Isaac S., Jalalpor, 1903 

Long, Erne S, Jalalpor, 1903 

McCann, S. N., Anklesvar, 1897 

McCann, Eliz. G., Anklesvar, 1897 

Miller, Eliza B., Bulsar, 1900 

Miller, Sadie J., Bulsar, 1903 

Quinter, Mary N., Bulsar, 1903 

Pittenger, John M., Jalalpor, 1904 

Pittenger, Florence B, Jalalpor, . . . .1904 

Ross, A. W., Anklesvar, 1904 

Ross, Flora M., Anklesvar, 1904 

Rowland, Gertrude E., Bulsar, 1904 

Stover, W. B., Bulsar. 1894 

Stover, Mary E., Bulsar, 1894 

Yeremian, O. H., Dahanu, 1903 


Vaniman, A. W., Malmo, 1901 

Vaniman, Alice, Malmo,. 1901 


Fercken, G. J., Montreal (Ain),. . . .1899 
Fercken, Mrs. G. J., Montreal (Ain), 1899 


Pellet, A., 2 Pont Neuf., Carounge, 

Pellet, Lizzie, 2 Pont Neuf, Ca- 
rounge, Sweden. 

United States. 

Cripe, Cora, 660 S. Ashland Ave., 

Chicago, 111., 1895 

Garst, N. N., Seven Springs, N. C,. .1901 
Hoff, E. B., 1315 Monticello Ave., 

Chicago, 111., 1904 

Howe, Elizabeth, 5901 Third Ave, 

Brooklyn, N. Y,. 1894 

Miller, J. Kurtz, 5901 Third Ave, 

Brooklyn, N. Y, 1902 

Overhultz, J. A, Blichton, Fla.,. . . .1901 
Sanger, Lula, 660 S. Ashland Ave, 

Chicago, 111, 1904 

Van Dyke, Dr. G. H, 185 Hastings St, 

Chicago, 111. 


are treasurers of their respective districts. Also to congregations, Sunday 
schools, etc., supporting some special one on the field. 


May be sent with money to the Brethren Publishing House, if you are 
writing them at any rate. In this case write the mission letter on separate 
sheet. Otherwise, to save labor, send mission funds direct to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Use Slauli . 

Amount enclosed, $ For. .World-Wide fund, 

In what form India Mission, 

India Orphanage, 
Church Extension, 

Donated by 


In congregation 

To be reported in Visitor thus 

According to terms advertised herewith please send the Missionary 
Visitor as follows': — 

Name. (Write Plainly.) Address. 

Report of Chicago Sunday School Extension Fund. 

Canada. — Wolsley S. S., per Ray Peters: 
William Gilead, $2.00; Alice Peters $2.00; 
Ray Peters, 50 cents; Roy Peters, 50 cents; 
Iva Peters, 25 cents; Dewey Huffman, 10 
cents; David Huffman, 10 cents; Sidney 
Huffman, 10 cents; total $5.55. Laurelview 
S. S. Welsley, Canada, per D. Warren Shock. 

Oklahoma. — Thomas S. S., per Mrs. C. 
A. Dodd, Thomas, $8.70; Guthrie S. S., per 
A. P. Neher, Guthrie, $1.65; Loon Creek 
S. S., of Huntingdon, per D. W. Paul, $3.05. 

California. — Harry Gilbert, Los Angeles, 
40 cents; Irene Marry, Los Angeles, 20 

Texas. — Manvel S. S., per Lydia M. 
Moore, of Manvel, $6.90; San Angelo S. S., 
per Maria Zirkle, $1.00. 

Arizona. — Glendale S. S., per Frank Wei- 
gold, of Glendale, $5.53. 

Colorado. — Haxtum S. S., per E. Bam- 
ford, of Haxtum: Effie Kinzie, 25 cents; 
Maud Kinzie, 30 cents; Mattie Kinzie, 25 
cents; Pearl Kinzie, 25 cents; Mary Kinzie, 
40 cents; Glen Murray, $1.00; Mamie Mur- 
ray, 25 cents; Belle Murray, 25 cents; Jes- 
sie Murray, 25 cents; W. L. Bamford, $1.00; 
Lettie Bamford, 30 cents, total, $4.50. 

Illinois. — Girard S. S., per E. I. Bru- 
baker, of Girard: Alta Blocker, 50 cents; 
Fredia Fite, $1.00; Oscar Burkett, 10 cents; 
Ray Fite, $1.00; Paul Bechtold, 55 cents; 
Ray Bechtold, 55 cents; Sarah Shutt, $2.00; 
Ethel Garst, 50 cents; Icy Rucker, 20 
cents; Ray Rucker, 20 cents; Naomi Harsh- 
barger, $1.00; Irvin Riffey, 50 cents; Roy 
Vaniman, $2.50; Pearl Heckman, 50 cents; 
Vinna Brubaker, $1.00; Jennie Burkett, 10 
cents; Percy Brubaker, $1.00; Effie Neher, 
$1.00; Harper Vaniman, $1.00; Effie Brown, 
$1.00; total, $16.20. Gertrude and John 
Boyer, Rockford, $1.40; Loyd Peffley, Rock- 
ford, 50 cents. Pleasant Hill S. S., of 
Virden, per Irvin J. Brubaker, $21.75; Hud- 
son S. S., per Ida L. Blough, $9.66. Shan- 
non S. S., per J. W. Fox: Bessie Wingert, 
50 cents; Katie Wingert, 50 cents; Earl 
Boyd, $1.00; Nora Boyd, $1.50; Ruth Knorr, 
75 cents; Annie Kreider, $1.00; Orville Fox, 
$1.25; Gertie Plock, 60 cents; Homer Wei- 
gle, $1.00; Otis Lutz, 50 cents; Alma Plock, 
60 cents; Vera Lehman, 50 cents; Ruth 
Fox, 50 cents; Maud Wingert, 50 cents; 
Harvey Weigle, $.1.00; Edith Boyd, 50 cents; 
Merle McNutt, 50 cents; Roy Knorr, $1.00; 
Marie Knorr, 75 cents; Mary Montag, 50 
cents; total, $13.55. Allison S. S., per E. 
J. Fowler, $2.55; Silver Creek S. S., per Mrs. 
Bertha Gaffin, Leaf River, $2.12; Harris- 
burg S. S., per Jacob F. Graybill, $3.06; 
Cerrogordo S. S., per David Heckman, 
$29.56; Sugar Creek S. S., of Chatham, per 
Effie Horner: Alice Horner, 75 cents; Ada 
Gibson, 55 cents; Ruth Horner, 60 cents; 
Roy Miller, 40 cents; Ray Horner, 60 cents; 
Robert Miller, 40 cents; total, $3.30. Mrs. 
Rosie M. Lind, Astoria, $3.40; Bertha Leh- 
man, Franklin Grove, $2.00; Elwyn Speak- 
er, Rockford, $5.00; Mansfield S. S.. per 
Rufus Robinson. $19.94; Big Creek S. S., 
per Manda Ridgely, $2.00; Naperville S. S., 
per Ira Sollenberger, $7.25. Panther Creek 
S. S., of Roanoke, per Amos Yoder: Oliver 
Kendig, $1.00; Blanch Wolf, $1.00; Charles 
Wolf, $1.00; Jessie Switzer, $1.00; Orma 
Switzer, $1.00; Harry Eller, 50 cents; Ira 
Eller, 50 cents; Belle Nof singer, 85 cents; 
Lottie Kendig, $1.50; Forrest Caulley, $1.- 

00; Ira Bryant, $1.00; Nora Bryant, $1.00: 
Laura Bryant, 50 cents; Lela Yordy, $2.50: 
Laura Yordy, $2.50; Anna Redmuis, $1.50: 
total, $19.20. Milledgeville S. S., per Jo- 
seph B. Wine: Dannie Freachelle, $2.50; 
Guy Wine, 75 cents; Ida Fierheller, $2.50: 
Elmer Smith, 75 cents; Ray Myers, $1.00; 
Laura Turner, $1.00; Grace . Fike, $1.00: 
Cora Wine, 75 cents; Ida Livengood, $1.00; 
Alta Turner, 50 cents; Hazel Turner, 50 
cents; Bessie Fike, 50 cents; other con- 
tributions, $5.00; total, $17.75. Girard S. 
S., per Mrs. S. B. Watson: Clarence Stead, 
50 cents; Anna Stead, 50 cents; Lettie 
Stead, 50 cents; Grace Stead, 50 cents; 
Loren Stead, 50 cents; Gail Brubaker, 50 
cents; Eva Brubaker, 50 cents; Lolo Bru- 
baker, $1.00; Truman Brubaker. $1.00; 
Delpha Hastt, 50 cents; Usel Hastt, 50 
cents; Francis Spurling, 50 cents; Roy 
Roesch, 50 cents; Nellie Roesch, 50 cents; 
Freddie Roesch, 50 cents; Susil Roesch, 50 
cents; Mrs. E. B. Munes, $2.00; total, $11.01. 
Woodland S. S., of Leesburg, per J. A. 
Ruth, $2.55. Palestine S. S., per Ethel 
Stoner: Lawrence Seymour, $3.00; Martha 
Swinger, $1.75; Laura Swinger, $1.45; Ward 
Black, 55 cents; Wreathe Black, 25 cents; 
Maud Black, 25 cents; Joe Weller, 25 cents; 
total, $7.50. 

Iowa. — Dumont S. S., per George H. Al- 
len; Cecil Burn, $1.70; George H. Allen, 
$2.30; Frank K. Allen, $2.50; Anna M. Al- 
len, $1.76; Hattie E. Allen, $1.50; M. R. 
Pyle, 50 cents; Barbara. Sonafrank, $1.00; 
Elsie A. Pyle, $2.00; Henry Pyle, $2.00; 
Clarence Pyle, $1.05; Pearl Pyle, $1.65; 
Mary Pyle, 50 cents; Wm. H. Allen, 85 
cents; total, $20.11. Panther Creek S. S.. 
of Adel, per S. W. Book, $21.10. Panther 
Creek S. S., of Adel, per Lawrence Walker: 
Carrie Myers, $1.05; Iva Wicks, $1.00; Ma- 
bel Myers. $1.00; Orva Myers, $1.50; Ethel 
Crouse, $1.25; Galen Stine, $2.50; Roy 
Wicks, $1.00; Clarence Wicks, $1.00; Ruby 
Myers. $1.00; Gerty Wicks, 70 cents; Elsie 
Keeler, 30 cents; Laura Walker, $1.00; Earl 
Walker, 75 cents; Clara Walker. 75 cents; 
Ralph Badger, $1.50; Dillie Crouse, 75 
cents; Roy Book, $1.25; Harvey Spurgeon. 
$1.00; Etta Spurgeon, $1.00; Ira Badger, 50 
cents; Lee Myers. $1.00; Ray Wicks. $1.00; 
Ollie Reiste, $1.00; Lillie Badger, 90 cents; 
Willie Stanley, 25 cents; Ray Stanley, 10 
cents; Eddie Reiste, $1.12; Bessie Reiste, 50 
cents; Merton Messamer, $1.12; not classi- 
fied, $2.95; total, $31.74. Loren Gishel. Ba- 
tavia, 50 cents; Floyd Glotfelty, Batavia. 50 
cents; John Burger, Batavia, 50 cents; Sa- 
die Burger, Batavia, 50 cents; Grundy Cen- 
ter S. S., per J. Edwin Jones, $3.75; Mrs. 
H. Kentz, Hebron, $1.00; Pleasant View S. 
S., of Tipton, per Sadie K. Myers, $9.75. 
Silver Lake S. S.. per A. R. Metz: Dan 
Myers, $1.00: Marie Garrett, $1.00; Earl 
Rensberger, 50 cents; Mabel Rensberger. 50 
cents; Roy Rensberger, 50 cents; May 
Book, 50 cents; Myrtle Book, 50 cents; 
Anna Metz. $1.00; H. I. Metz. $1.00; Jessie 
I. Metz, $1.00; A. R. Metz, 50 cents; col- 
lection, $5.25; total, $13.25. G. A. and E. 
S. Moore, Eldora, $25.00; Grundy County 
church, per G. A. Moore, of Eldora, $31.00: 
Eldora S. S., per May Albright, $5.50. 
Ivester S. S., per Cynthia Miller: Glenn 
Sheller, $1.25; John Sheller, $1.25; May 
Dennis. 50 cents; Ralph Dennis, 50 cents; 
Fay Wilder, 25 cents; Howard Wilder, 20 

The Missionary Visitor. 

Vol. VII 

MARCH, 1905 

No. 3, 

The Mission Element of the Brethren Schools 

By the Editor. 

Almost within the compass of a year 
it has been my privilege of meeting and 
conferring with the mission societies at 
five of our Brethren's schools. The five 
include those institutions where the mis- 
sion idea first took real hold among the 

One of the striking features of these 
classes, bands, or societies, as they 
choose to call themselves, is their one- 
ness of purpose, spirit and life. Were 
it possible to bring them all together 
in one meeting they would at once 
feel at home among themselves, because 
of this unanimity of life which they are 
all leading. And I have reason to be- 
lieve that, as far as the organization has 
been effected in the schools not visited, 
the same spirit prevails there; so that 
the observations hereafter will be ap- 
plicable to all mission classes in our 
Brethren's schools. 

The month of January is " Bible term 
session." It is a time of hard work, 
much to attend to, and as a rule a deep 
spiritual life pervades the entire time. 
The only word of caution I would give 
at this point is expressed in those lines 
so beautifully set in song, 
Take time to be holy, 
Talk oft with the Lord. 

Perhaps they would be applicable to 
many during these busy days. Service 
is but an expression of love for our 
Master's love and our salvation through 
His grace; but surely He is not pleased 
to see us work ourselves " out of 

breath " for Him. His business requires 
haste, but not that kind. 

In meeting and noting the character- 
istics of these " enthusiasts " for mis- 
sions, as some would dub them, I am 
impressed with the following: 

1. Their loyalty to Christ. 

This is especially true of those who 
have signed pledge cards stating their 
willingness to " go " as soon as called. 
Say what one will about these young 
brethren and sisters otherwise, they are 
willing to do one thing that a large part 
of the church if asked would positively 
refuse to do, i. e., Go. Instead of bring- 
ing together a whole lot of excuses why 
they should not go, most of which have 
no more merit in them than did those 
Christ made mention of, — instead of ask- 
ing for reasons why they should go, 
these workers say, in fact, " The Master 
says, ' Go '; I am ready to do His bid- 
ding. I know no reason why I should 
not go as soon as I am in the eyes of 
the church ready to go." 

Should some one question their sound- 
ness along doctrinal lines, it may be pos- 
sible that here and there is one who has 
not as clearly defined lines of convic- 
tion as he should have. But, perhaps, 
if we could go back into the life of 
him who points out these weaknesses, 
we should find his own life at the same 
age no better established than are these. 
But this is no excuse for unsoundness. 
These devoted workers are on a surer 
way of becoming all around " sound " 
than are many others who are inactive 



[March, 1905 

in church life and will fall away after 
awhile from the faith. The love for 
souls, the sin of a wicked world will 
drive these to a deeper life in Christ 
Jesus. His word will make them pure. 
Its obedience will bring them joy, give 
them power over' sin, and they bid fair 
of being the most level, and true and 
able members in the church of to-mor- 

2. They are workers for Christ. 
Perhaps right here is where some 

criticism, if such there is, is lodged 
against some of them. " He is too 
pushing;" "She is too spiritual" and 
so on. Now, brethren, can one push too 
hard? Yes, if they push to the hurt of 
those earnest, aged ones who no longer 
move as rapidly in life as do the young- 
er ones. God forbid that any volunteer 
should thus push. I am sure they do 
not mean to do it. If they appear "be- 
side themselves," a lost world bestirs 
their whole being and they can hardly 
wait till they see all men saved. Has 
such a feeling made you sleepless, rest- 
less in the Lord? I have in my posses- 
sion letters in which some of these dear 
ones of God have wept as they wrote, 
declaring how they cannot sleep because 
of the burden that is on their hearts 
for the souls of others. Now go back 
in life's experience when some business 
project would not let you sleep and then 
you will know a little of what a struggle 
is within them. 

Workers? No student applies himself 
closer, no one puts in more hours ac- 
cording to strength, no one makes more 
sacrifices, no one is more willing to do 
more if he can. They carry their school 
work, and over Sunday go out to ad- 
joining congregations and render in the 
spirit a missionary program that stirs 
hearts wherever they go. 

3. They are spiritual in life. 

Of this I am well satisfied from person- 
al contact with them. Blessed were the 
seasons of prayer we had together at 
Bridgewater, Huntingdon and Canton 
this winter and McPherson and Mt. 
Morris last year. They asked for a con- 

ference, and it always closed with 
prayer if time would permit. I asked 
about their private devotion and find 
that practically all spend at least half an 
hour in Bible reading and prayer all to 
themselves, besides attending the serv- 
ices which are found at our schools. 
Their spare moments are not spent in 
giddy talk, idle twaddle, but either in 
reading the life of some hero of missions 
or talking with some fellow student 
about Christ or the work of missions. 
In this, perhaps, they put many old in 
Israel to shame. 

4. They are self-sacrificing. 

This they show first when they put 
the service of the Master on any field 
above all things else of earth. Home, 
friends, ambition to get along in the 
world, laying by for a rainy day — these 
and kindred features of life which are to- 
day robbing the church of talented 
young men and women, — have tempted 
these members too. But they have over- 
come and are overcoming. They are 
not perfect. They are all flesh and 
blood. They have passions and worldly 
desires just like every one else. But 
perhaps there is no body of workers 
in the church that is making a greater, 
and more sincere and determined ef- 
fort to overcome all through Jesus 
Christ than they are. Their spirit and 
attitude is to remove every thing from 
their lives that will in any way inter- 
fere with the free course of the Gospel 
in every heart they may reach. This is 
but natural. This is but the spiritual so- 
lution of all worldliness — to become 
fired with a love for souls. 

It is to be regretted that there are 
those, who make a pretense of this same 
spirit and yet because of their lives, are 
a deep concern to the church. This is 
a "show" of the missionary spirit; the 
real Christlike spirit will carefully avoid 
disruption and seek unity. It will have 
nothing for sin, be hard on it where- 
ever it is seen, yet deal with every sinner 
in love and not in hardness. 

Thank God for the missionary spirit 
in the church everywhere. Praise His 

March, 1905 



Name for those who are willing to go, — 
thereby taking upon themselves a special 
refining so as to be fit for the Master's 
service. In this day when young men 
are turning to make money, get rich, 
seek the gains of this world, it is a 
blessed thing to see hearts voluntarily 
setting themselves apart as called of God 

To go wherever He wants me to go 
And be whatsoever He wants me to be. 

But the call is not more to these mis- 
sion classes than to every member of 
the church. The difference is not in the 
call, my brother, my sister. IT IS IN 
are accepting it. How about you? 

Our India Work as it Is. 

As all the readers of the Visitor know Eld. D. L. Miller and wife are now in India. 
They have handed in their church letters and are members of the Bulsar congregation. 
They are a part of the Brotherhood on the other side of our earth. They attended the 
District Meeting and Bro. Miller acted as moderator. He has written to the Committee 
at home a detailed report of what he sees and knows of the mission work in India, and 
in a. condensed form it is published herewith so that all may enjoy the benefit of his 
report. The report is of more than ordinary interest. 

Bulsar, India, Jan. 6, 1905. 
Dear Brethren of the Missionary Com- 
mittee, — 

I am herewith sending you a brief re- 
port of the work in India. I have now 
been here a month, have visited all the 
mission stations, have attended the Dis- 
trict Meeting and a meeting of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee of this side and we 
have had extended interviews with all 
our workers. I had a strong desire to 
get at the inside of the work and to know 
more of its administration, and the 
amount of money expended in houses 
and land, cost of keeping the orphans, 
the amount paid to native workers and 
other items that I did not know concern- 
ing the work. Because I had a desire to 
know these things, I feel that it would 
be of interest to each member of the 
Committee to have the information con- 
tained in this report. 

First we express our gratitude to our 
Father for the safe and pleasant journey 
He has given us and the good health that 
has been ours. Since leaving home last 
year, Aug. 4, we traveled nearly sixteen 
thousand miles, visited all our mission 
stations in Europe and India and have 
enjoyed the best of health. Surely the 
Lord has been good to us, and we mag- 
nify His Holy Name. 

I am giving you as near as possible 
the money invested in bungalows or 
houses at our stations where buildings 
have been erected. 

The figures for the support of mis- 
sionaries and native workers, teachers 
and helpers are accurately given. They 
are taken from the pay roll for the 
quarter ending Jan. 1, 1905. 

The items entered for the keep of 
horses and oxen may need this expla- 
nation. The horses and bullocks are the 
property of the native helpers and are 
used in their work in traveling from vil- 
lage to village and by agreement the 
feed for the animals is provided for 

In one case the land for the house 
is donated by the States and a tax of 
fifteen rupees is to be paid on the pair 
of bullocks. 

It will be noticed that land can be 
had at a nominal cost. But the taxes 
which are based on the land are in ex- 
cess of the cost of the real estate. This 
is done to prevent speculators from ac- 
quiring large bodies of land and allow- 
ing them to lie uncultivated. It is the 
single tax proposition advocated by 
Henry George. 

The baptisms reported are as follows: 



[March, 1905 

Baptisms in India. 

Anklesvar 580 

Bulsar 285 

Jalalpor 61 

Total to Dec. 31, 1904 926 

Of these about as many remain faith- 
ful thus far as would be found among 
the same number in the homeland. Ow- 
ing to the fact that in Anklesvar there 
are not sufficient workers to look after 
those baptized, a large number who ap- 
plied for the rite have not been received 
into church fellowship. 

The Workers in India. 

Four American workers, and 

two dependents $ 1100 00 

Six native helpers and teachers, 272 00 
Taxes and other expenses 122 08 

$ 1494 08 
Vullia, Raj Fipla State, 

Two American workers, 500 00 

Eight native helpers (used at 

five branch stations) 472 00 

Taxes and other expenses 105 00 

$ 1077 00 
Jalalpor, Surat District, 

Six American workers, 1500 00 

Seven native helpers and teach- 
ers 332 00 

Rent and water privileges for 

ten schools, 132 00 

$ 1964 00 

Nine American workers and 

three dependents, 2400 00 

25 native helpers and teachers, 926 65 
Rents, taxes, and other ex- 
penses, 124 00 

$ 3450 65 

Five American workers and five 

dependents, 1550 00 

Three native helpers, 204 00 

Rents, etc., 85 00 

Estimated cost of Dispensary,. 500 00 

$ 2339 00 
Caring for about 350 orphans, ap- 
proximately, 5000 00 

Total annual current expense 

of India mission $15324 73 

Investments already made in 
lands and houses. 

At Anklesvar $ 4367 50 

At Vullia and branch station, . 252 85 

At Jalalpor 2018 00 

At Bulsar 3431 65 

$10070 00 

It is to be observed that the Dispen- 
sary is a most successful venture. The 
total number of patients prescribed for, 
counting no one twice, is 7,999. While 

counting all prescribed for, or the num- 
ber of prescriptions for the year, the 
amount is nearly double stated above. 
Forty-one major operations were per- 
formed, each of which required use of 
chloroform. Some of the operations 
were very critical. Dr. Yereman is 
certainly making a success of his work. 
He speaks understandingly to the na- 
tives in three languages, Hindustanee, 
Mahrattii and Gujerati, although he has 
been here but one year. He has put no 
time on the study of the language be- 
cause he was kept busy with his patients. 
He received from patients treated for 
the year about rupees 300 and would 
have received more but the Committee 
here thought best not to charge for 
medicine. At the last meeting it was 
decided to charge, and this may go far 
toward making the work self-supporting. 
The dispensing of medicine opens the 
way for the preaching of the Word and 
it is believed here that the dispensary 
will be a most helpful auxiliary to the 
mission work. 

Immediate steps will be taken to lo- 
cate four new stations for the new work- 
ers who came out last fall. I suggested 
that this be done at the earliest possible 
date, as it will help the new missionaries 
in getting the language, for they will 
be away from all English-speaking peo- 
ple and at the same time, while getting 
the language they become acquainted 
with their field and with the people 
among whom they are to work. In 
this way they will gain a year in time. 

The greatest need of the work is 
trained native Christian workers. In 
the orphanage and schools are some 
bright boys and in ,a few years we shall 
have more workers than we now have. 
A hundred could be used and directed 
by the missionaries we now have on the 

May the richest blessings of our 

heavenly Father be your lot and portion 

in all your work for good. 

Yours in Christ, 

(Signed) D. L. Miller. 


The Spirit's Power in Wales 


By H. E. S., London. 

[Bro. A. C. "Wieand, of New York, made a special effort to secure this article for 
the "Visitor," sending it as coming from "the very best sources." He further states, 
" I trust and pray you may be able to find room for it." In the February " Visitor " 
a short editorial notice was given of this wonderful movement, and it is now a great 
pleasure to publish this detailed account. The revival is not along denominational lines, 
but the Spirit moves, no one can determine how, for only its blessed results mark its 

" The Glory of the Lord shall be revealed, 
and all flesh shall see it together, — for the 
mouth of the Lord hath spoken it." 

January 2, 1905. — I went to Swansea, 
joining by invitation Mrs. B. and her 
niece, Miss D. Left London 4: 30, reach- 
ing Swansea at 10 P. M. Met at station 
by Mrs. Eardley, from Brentwood, who 
with her husband had gone the Friday 
previous, so longing for " The Fire." 
She took us to the " Grosvenor Hotel " — 
a very quiet street — where we found mis- 
tress, servants and all filled with deepest 
interest in the mighty move and in turn 
attending the meetings. All day the 
Eardleys had failed to get inside the 
building, and were picking up the wound- 
ed souls in the street. 

Tuesday, the 3rd, we thought we would 
try Ebenezer Chapel, and started before 
11: 30. We wanted to see the face of the 
young evangelist, whom God is using so 
mightily. They said he would be there 
at two o'clock. We were among the first 
to arrive and took the seat next the " Big 
Pew," where soon gathered the grey- 
haired ministers, elders, clergymen, etc., 
over forty stood or sat there. The song, 
so marvelous in Wales, began as soon 
as we entered, and the voice of prayer 
in Welsh and English also. Very soon 
not a corner was left empty, — deep 
galleries all round. The pulpit alone 
was empty. Even Roberts had not ar- 
rived. But no one missed him or re- 
ferred to him, except in prayer that he 
might be upheld, hidden in God's mighty 
hand. Waves of prayer broke over the 
multitude, — waves of praise. Welsh was 
no hindrance. God was there. His won- 
drous presence filled the place. 

At 2:30 a quiet little group slowly 
made their way through the crowd, and 
a tall thin figure stood behind the big 
Bible on the pulpit, — two dear girls seat- 
ed behind him, — modest, sweet and un- 
assuming. Evan Roberts' face was lit up 
with the joy of the Lord. The meeting 
swept on unconscious of his presence. 
A pause came. He said a few words of 
the glory of God, and was interrupted by 
a hymn, started in the gallery. He 
smiled afresh and joined in it, " Obey the 
Spirit of God." " Fix your hearts on 
Jesus." " Forget all else." " Worship 
the Lord! How great — how wonderful 
He is! then he broke off into Welsh. 

It is impossible to write about the 
meetings. It sounds confusion, but there 
is no sense of confusion. People pray- 
ing aloud all over the Chapel, and other 
voices bursting forth with song, — such 
as we never heard in England. That 
meeting did not break up until 5:10. 
We had no sense of hunger or weariness. 
Both the dear girls spoke shortly. One 
gave her simple testimony to the won- 
derful change conversion had made — not 
two months ago. The other an appeal 
to sinners to come to Christ, and amid it 
all souls were coming, numbers decided 
for Christ that afternoon and stood up 
confessing Him. 

We returned again at 6:30. None of 
the evangelists came at all. No one 
entered the pulpit, but the meeting swept 
on. We stayed till 10, — the Eardleys 
till 11, and many confessed Christ. I can 
only describe it all as the breath of God, 
sweeping through again and again, bow- 
ing all hearts — men and women weeping, 



[March, 1905 

praising, interceding, testifying, faces il- 
luminated, hearts broken with the love 
of Christ, heaven opened! 

Wednesday, the 4th.— We started at 
8:30. Reached Newport 11:30. Found 
the move had begun there. Took a 
train about 12 and ascended the moun- 
tains to Abertillerie, where special meet- 
ings were held for two days by Sydney 

Right amid the coal mines and glori- 
ous scenery! We found rooms in Bush 
Hotel, the best in the little place. The 
others did not want to take ladies in 
and looked rather grimy. No notices 
anywhere of the meeting. No advertis- 
ing! No placards! All so delightfully 
natural, — costing nothing. We took 
some lunch — wandered out. " Yes, there 
would be all the Chapels open, we could 
go where we liked." 

"Where would the evangelists be? 
When would they come?" "Oh some- 
time — would be in all the chapels, but 
the meetings would go on just the same 
all the time." 

" The wind bloweth where it listeth 
and thou hearest the sound thereof," etc. 

The mountain winds were blowing 
around us — we climbed the steep little 
streets searching for the chapels when 
we saw scores of people coming down 
a steep street. We joined them. " Oh," 
says one dear old woman, " it's all won- 
derful, my dear. A thousand have come 
to Christ already, and this is the first day 
anyone has come our way. The miners 
in the pit are being saved every day. 
Come along to Ebenezer. That's where 
I be going." So on we went, and Eben- 
ezer was filling fast. Every town seems 
to have its Ebenezer and as we entered 
people were entering praying, others 
singing that wonderful praise hymn 
"Diolch Iddo," (Thanks be to God). 
Now we had the loud miners' voices 
rolling out the bass and tenor. I never 
heard such singing. No hymn books, no 
Bibles, no organ played. But it was 
such a glorious meeting, — men, women 
and children. Refined and rough. The 

shops were closed early and evidently 
the gathering was an important one. I 
don't know how to tell you of those 
two days. I have seen the glory of God; 
I have wept for joy, I have wept for 
shame that I so little know the Holy 
Spirit and these boys and girls, young 
men and maidens are learning in a few 
days what I have learned so slowly or 
may have scarce learned now. 

Every chapel has the large Bible in 
Welsh or English on the desk, in the 
big pew, in the pulpit, and each one 
stepped up there and turned the pages 
and read aloud. I could write many 
sheets, but you will see in the " Chris- 
tian " and the " Life of Faith " (English 
periodicals) much more. I will tell you 
of some things that especially struck me. 
Everyone was free. The joy of the Lord 
rested on their faces and the peace of 
God. They obeyed the Holy Spirit. 
Prayer was to God and there seemed no 
confusion when members prayed togeth- 
er. One could pour out one's heart un- 
conscious of all around. The hymns and 
prayers were constantly going on to- 
gether. One remarkable time I shall 
never forget. A little girl's voice in the 
gallery started " I need thee, O, I need 
thee; Every hour I need thee." The 
whole gallery burst into the refrain 
and at the same time many voices below 
burst into prayer in Welsh and English. 
It seemed as if waves of song and waves 
of prayer broke over the building. The 
same words over and over, " I need Thee, 
O, I need Thee." Now from one side 
of the gallery and then the other, and 
then all over. Then the song began be- 
low and a prayer from the gallery till the 
voices grew softer and softer like lonely 
echoes melting away amid prayer and 
praise until the whole mass of people 
arose and sang: "Diolch Iddo" as only 
melted hearts can sing. 

Soon he pleaded with the unsaved and 
tears and sobs broke in amid the song. 
It was a wonderful day. The young 
evangelist had arrived, Sydney Evans, 
and his companion, Sam Jenkins, a beau- 

March, 1905] 



tiful singer with such a shining face, 
Olwen Davies, a dear girl, so simply un- 
conscious of herself. She read Acts 
2nd chapter in the power of the Spirit, 
making a few simple remarks and O! 
how she pleaded with the unsaved. 
Evan Roberts' little sister of fifteen 
years, her hair hanging down her back, 
sang and prayed and spoke a few words 
of testimony. A Miss Rees sang very 
sweetly gospel messages; miners spoke, 
prayed and sang. Jack Jones, saved five 
weeks back, an awful drunkard, gave 
a lovely testimony and John John sang 
a solo from the gallery. The prayers, so 
simple, " O, Lord, my mate's just come 
in, save him, Lord, he was swearing fear- 
ful this morning," " Lord, there is my fa- 
ther, save him, Lord;" "Save my moth- 
er," etc., etc. Again and again the re- 
frain " For you, I am praying, I am pray- 
ing for you," in Welsh or in English, 
or " Throw out the life-line, some one 
is drifting away." 

We returned for another meeting at 
6:30 and did not leave until 10:45. The 
place was packed and overflows in other 
chapels. We learned a new lesson that 
evening of the sensitive presence of the 
Holy Spirit. A minister was officious, 
excited, restless, tried to guide, kept 
speaking, when a pause came and the 
Spirit was grieved and the Power left the 
meeting. It was very solemn. The chil- 
dren got restless, the babies cried; the 
singing lost its power; the dear young 
evangelists felt it; looked pained. Syd- 
ney Evans got up and said: "The Holy 
Spirit is grieved, humble yourselves. All 
go out that want to leave. Let us bend 
and break before the Lord." Several 
left and the prayer broke forth in deep 
confession and in about half an hour the 
Blessed Presence returned. Souls were 
saved. The whole atmosphere changed. 

The next day prayer meetings were 
held throughout the morning in one 
chapel. Mr. and Mrs. Eardley joined 
us from Swansea. At two we went to 
Ebenezer chapel and the scenes of yes- 
terday were again repeated. In the even- 

ing three of us went to a Welsh chapel. 
Mr. and Mrs. Eardley went back to Eb- 
enezer. In both places we had a marvel- 
ous time. I shall never forget that even- 
ing. For three hours the meeting swept 
on in Welsh, — yet no sense of weariness, 
or that you did not understand, — you 
did understand, the Presence of the dear 
Master. Testimonies broke forth with 
tears from some, prayer swept over the 
place. At 9:30 dear little Miss Olwen 
Davies entered and said, " O, what a 
beautiful presence of God is here; O, 
how beautiful. Dear sinners you can 
come at once to Jesus. He is here. The 
chapel is full of His presence." She 
went into the pulpit with Sam Jenkins 
and Miss Rees — (they had all come from 
a large chapel on the hill). For these 
first hours no one had led the Welsh 
meeting, but once a fine young man had 
pressed to the front with a shining face 
and opened the Bible at Acts 2 and had 
fpoken with the Holy Ghost power (in 

A fresh hymn now broke forth and as 
Miss Davies stood with the open Bible 
waiting, a sweet little girl of five years 
climbed to the pulpit stairs and stood 
in front of her. It was a sweet sight. 
She with her earnest face watching the 
gallery, which was crowded with rough 
men and the wee child looking grave 
and solemn. The song ended and the 
little voice alone sang so sweetly a 
Welsh hymn and quietly slipped down 
the steps, her father taking her on his 
knee. Then Miss Davies read Luke 15, 
the Prodigal Son and pleaded with the 
dear wanderers. " Come to Jesus," was 
sung in Welsh. She slipped away and 
entered the gallery and for half an hour 
the battle was on, all in prayer below, 
then some one called on all to rise who 
had decided for Christ. It was a blessed 
moment. They were rising everywhere 
and giving their names. " I am Mary so 
and so I have just come to Christ:" 
" Mr. So and so wants to confess 
Christ;" "My mate has just come to 
Christ." " Mrs. So and so has just come 
to Christ — her husband was saved this 



[March, 1905 

afternoon." " I yielded myself, spirit, 
soul and body to Christ." What wonder 
that " Diolch Iddo " broke forth again, 
and then more prayers for still more 
were broken down. 

One very rough man, Jack John, saved 
three weeks ago read his testimony in 
a hymn, which Miss Rees took up and 
sang in Welsh, with great power. We 
had to leave at 10:45. People were still 
pressing in. Oh these are glorious days, 
beloved ones! Take courage! You, too, 
will see His salvation. After twelve 
o'clock in the still night air the song of 
a multitude of voices broke upon us. 
From one of the chapels they were scat- 
tering. " Guide me, O Thou Great Je- 
hovah," in English and then in Welsh, 
swept past the hotel, and " Abide with 
me " broke forth from down the valley. 
I looked out but could not see the sing- 
ers. At one o'clock Mr. Eardley was 
knocked up by a bell boy, begging him to 
come to the manager of the hotel, " for 
he was in an awful way, upon his soul." 
He was soon by his side. He found a 
fine young man about 30, trembling' and 
weeping and "bell boy" No. 1 very 
drunk in his room. Mr. Eardley turned 
him out for he was ready to fight him. 
The lad who called knelt weeping too. 
The manager said it was the singing 
woke him and then in the darkness some 
one in white came three times to his side 
and said, " It's not too late for you to 
be saved." He was awfully .frightened. 
He struck a light but no one was there, 
and then he roused the bell boy to fetch 

Mr. Eardley. He was in dead earnest, 
but absolutely ignorant of the Word of 
God, but after an hour of explaining and 
pleading the Word of God he came to 
Christ. The next morning when we 
came to the coffee room he appeared 
with a shining face, in his shirt sleeves, 
to shake hands with us. " I saw your 
faces yesterday, ladies, when you came 
in, and could not tell what was on your 
faces so different to other folks who 
come here. I know now." 

We had a blessed meeting at Newport 
in a Welsh chapel. Such a lovely testi- 
mony from a dear old minister who 
for twenty-five years has prayed every 
day that God would visit his people. 
Just the same freedom of the Spirit was 
there and at ten o'clock all turned out 
for an " open air " multituden gathering, 
as we moved on, and one had such a 
feeling of the Presence of God over the 
busy town that we noticed it in the day 
amid the busy traffic and praised the 
Lord. Yes, Newport, Cardiff — Swansea 
are all moving under the mighty hand of 

Now we have been busy preparing for 
the little band to go forth to China, to 
carry the tidings there. 

I send you all Zech. 10:1; Joel 2: 
23-28:29; Hag. 2:5 and a verse of a 
hymn of my childhood long forgotten 
that sang again in my heart in Wales. 

I am glad I ever saw the day — 

Sing glory, glory, glory, 
When first I learned to sing and pray, 

Glory, glory, glory. 
'Tis glorious foretaste makes me sing, 

Of glory, glory, glory; 
Then praise my Savior and my king, 

Like those who sing in glory. 

The Advancement of Colored Women. 

By Mrs. Booker T. Washington, Tuskegee, Alabama. 

[Every one keeping abreast with the events of the day has not failed to grow fa- 
miliar with the name Booker T. Washington, the founder of that wonderful industrial 
institute at Tuskegee, Ala., which has done and is doing so much for the colored people 
of the United States. It is a special favor that the "Visitor" is permitted to give to 
its readers this intensely interesting article on such an interesting phase of missions 
in the Southland. The article appeared first in the " American Missionary," published 

March, 1905] 



by the American Missionary Association, but was not illustrated. Mrs. Washington 
very kindly loaned from her personal collection photographs with which to illustrate 
the article in the Visitor and the editor is sure she will have the hearty thanks of every 
reader for this favor.] 

"There are two million six hundred 
thousand adult women illiterates in this 
country," says a recent Southern writer. 
To be sure, this does not mean that all 
of these women — mothers of our boasted 
American civilization — are Americans of 
color, but it does signify that a very 
large majority of this number belong 
to what some people call the " child " 

race. As long as this state of things 
exists, there will be sore need of help 
in the form of time, strength, patience. 
I say patience because I sometimes fear 
that many people who were at one time 
interested in the education of colored 
people have grown impatient. They do 
not regard the strides made by us as suf- 
ficiently rapid. They want to see us do 

Home of Mr. and Mrs. Booker T. Washington, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, 



[March, 1905 

in thirty or forty years what the rest of 
the people of our country have taken 
hundreds of years to do. They imagine 
that we ought to be more capable than 
other races, and why? Simply because 
they do not stop to think of what we 
have had, and still have, and will have, 
for years and years, to overcome. 

My interest is in the race at large — 
men, women and children, for all must 
somehow pull up together; but I am here 
to-day to speak especially for that part 
of the race to which I belong — the wom- 
an, the mother — the one who more 
than any other is held accountable for 
the rearing, the honest development of 
the child, the citizen, the father; the 
mother of the coming generations, the 
mother living in these days when more 
is expected of us, and ought to be. 

There are 8,840,789 colored Americans 
in our country. 4,447,568 of this number 
are females. These women live in all 
parts of the country all the way from 
Maine to Mississippi, on plantations, in 
the smaller towns, in our great cities. 
Many of these are intelligent, many more 
are ignorant. Some are well off in this 
world's goods, some are exceedingly 
destitute, some so beyond your concep- 
tion. Last spring I came upon a woman 
about fifty years of age. She seemed 
much older. She had been struggling 
with the care of a consumptive daughter 
who had just died, leaving three small 
children for the grandmother to care for. 
This woman lived in a small, open, " mud 
daubed " cabin, with no windows at all. 
She had no furnishings except her two 
beds and a few things to cook with. 
The children were all too small to be of 
the least help. The woman had a cow 
which she had sold for a coffin. She 
worked every day, when she had the 
strength, for fifty cents. Out of this she 
paid her rent, a dollar a month, fed and 
clothed these children and herself and 
a deaf and dumb son. I met this woman 
the last of June. She said: " Mrs. Wash- 
ington, I get along very well, but I wish 
I had a biscuit. I have not had one 
since Christmas." To my query: "What 

have you had yesterday and to-day? " 
she answered: "I have had some sweet 
potatoes." This story of hungering for a 
piece of flour bread went straight to me. 
But back to my sentence unfinished. 
Some of these women are good, just as 
pure and true as any woman can be, 
despite the fact that a woman could write 
in one of our reputable journals and de- 
clare that she cannot conceive of such 
a thing as a virtuous colored woman. 
But, alas! some of these women of my 
race are bad. They are only human. 

We can make no proposition which will 
hold absolutely good of these and many 
essentially different groups of colored 
American women. It is a task which I 
shall not undertake. A task to which 
Burke referred when he said no man can 
indict a whole race of people. We can- 
not find the average colored woman any 
more than we can find the average wom- 
an in other races. The most any stu- 
dent will be able to do will be to estimate 
the size of the various groups of colored 
women. This is not even sufficient. The 
influence, efficiency, significance of one 
superior woman's life may be of far more 
value than that of a dozen drudges, and 
hence the statistical method could not 
do justice to this very human problem. 
Statistics negate individuality. 

The census each year brings to us 
information that testifies to the gain in 
the life and activities of the colored 
population and of colored women es- 
pecially. In the last census 1,095,774 col- 
ored youths attended our schools over 
the country, 586,767 were young wom- 
en; 27,858 women against 28,268 men 
were enrolled in school from two to 
three months. 160,231 women as against 
136,028 men attended school from four 
to five months, and 227,546 women as 
against 187,173 men attended school six 
months and more. These figures only 
bring to our minds the already estab- 
lished truth that girls attend school more 
continuously than boys. 

There are a hundred public high 
schools for colored young people. The 
census shows the enrollment of 3,659 

March, 1905] 



girls as against 2,974 boys in elementary 
grades, and in secondary grades 3,933 
girls, 1,634 boys. In these schools 154 
girls were enrolled in the Business 
Course, 792 in the Classical Course, 
1,098 girls in the Scientific Course. In the 
Industrial Training Courses there were 
709 girls and 550 boys; 501 girls gradu- 
ated and 177 boys finished in 1900 and 
1901 from the High School Course 

In the secondary and higher schools 
of the race there were 13,306 women 
and 9,587 boys in the elementary grades; 
7,383 women and 6,164 men in the secon- 
dary grades; 740 women and 2,339 men 
in the Collegiate Course. In secondary 
and higher schools there were 17,138 
colored students receiving the Indus- 
trial Training, of whom 11,012 were 

These young people in black have 
not accomplished these results on " flow- 
ery beds of ease." The men and women 
of the older generations, the mothers 
and fathers of yesterday, have not been 
able to give them the home lessons 
necessary to the quickest development. 
They have, by the sweat of their own 
brows, aided by the great hearts of the 
North, helped themselves to get the 
education and the standing which they 
now have in many communities of our 
country. Many of our young women 
have worked their way through the 
schools, working during the summer in 
cotton fields with their parents; doing 
laundry work with their mothers; sew- 
ing for the , neighborhood; doing do- 
mestic work for others or teaching the 
ordinary country schools. More care- 
ful training at home would have done 
much to better fit these young people 
to meet the great questions confronting 
them in their life's service. 

Our schools are increasing every year, 
and the number of trained colored wom- 
en is steadily and surely growing 
larger, and just in proportion as the 
women who have had the advantages 
of time and money and heritage come 
up, so shall we also come up. We want 

our friends to trust us; to stand by us 
yet a little longer; to feel that we shall 
by our work for others of all races, in 
part, at least, repay them for their ef- 
forts for us. 

There is next the question whether the 
young colored woman coming out from 
the school shall be able to maintain in 
her life the ideals she has conceived 
from her school and her teachers. She 

Colored Young People who Will be Heard 
from Later in Life. 

does this by building up in the com- 
munities where she lives or works a 
society of her own; by getting together 
small groups of women and girls and 
trying to bring these up to see the light 
as she has been led to see it. 

If one should take the time to go in- 
to the homes of these women, whether 
single or married, he would find broad- 
ening of the family circle, tasty furnish- 
ings, order, cleanliness, softer and nicer 
manners of the younger children, a more 
tender regard for parents, a stricter 
idea of social duties and obligations in 
the home. You may not weary of an 
illustration. Some years ago a young 
colored girl was living in a small 
Southern town. Her mother and five 
children lived in a house with a big room 
and a kitchen. This girl could not, 
would not, be satisfied. She finished the 
little town school course, was examined, 
taught a country school for two years, 
saved enough money to go off to school. 



[March, 1905 

By the aid of friends like yourselves, she 
was graduated. Her first thought was 
her home, her mother, her brothers, and 
sisters. She began to teach in winter 
and dressmake in the spring and sum- 
mer. She finally purchased a piece of 
land and put upon it a good substantial 
house of five rooms. A garden was 
made, a flower-yard was kept in order — 
in short, a home was created. To-day 
the old mother still lives; she — the 
daughter — still works. The brothers 
and sisters are all men and women who 
have followed the example of this older 
sister. Who can doubt the influence of 
such a woman? And, right here, I wish 
that our friends would take the time 
to see some of these homes. No one 
has the right to judge of a people by 
what he sees on the corners of the 
streets or at railroad stations. We find 
the best of other races at home, in 
schools, in places of business, in 
churches — so with all races. 

There is another class of women who 
need special attention — the women of 
the plantation. You who sit here cannot 
picture their social condition forty years 
ago. There was no status for the plan- 
tation woman except as a commodity. 
Mind, soul, body were bound in chains. 
To her there was no light, no home, 
no marital ties except perhaps in a few 
rare instances. Her daughters, born in 
the poverty-stricken cabin in the dawn 
of freedom, have come up through the 
days of toil, of wrong, of contumely 
without the first opportunity to educate 
hand, head, or heart. " Stolid, stunned," 
they have lived far back on the old 
plantations in their miserable cabins. 
The mother, unable to impart the first 
teaching that would have made for the 
development of strong, sturdy, honest 
womanhood, cannot be held responsible 
for the spark of light that has failed. 
The black mothers on the plantations 
to-day " have lived the same lives their 
mothers have lived," and it is to them 
that the gospel of cleanliness, of true 
motherhood, of purified homes has been 
given and is being given by the daugh- 

ters of the American Missionary As- 

Ten years ago on one of these plan- 
tations a daughter of the A. M. A. cast 
her lot, hoping to bring life, and light 
especially, to one hundred and fifty be- 
nighted women and children in the 
quarters of the place. Men whose time 
had been bought of the county by the 
planter were working out debts that 
were never paid; and the women and 
larger children, half clothed, half starved, 
helped in the cotton fields. The smaller 
children were left in the cabins to eat 
from the pan on the hearth the remain- 
der of the daily meals of bacon and corn 
bread, yellow with soda; and the little 
ones, left to themselves, came up un- 
taught in the first principles of right 
living. In an unused cabin, proffered by 
the owner of the plantation, this young 
woman began her work. Broken places 
in the roof were mended, the rough 
boards on the inside of the cabin white- 
washed, the floor scrubbed as clean as 
possible, and after the home-made, 
chintz-covered box furniture was ar- 
ranged, she was ready to begin her les- 
sons of life. 

The conditions surrounding her might 
have appalled a fainter heart. She 
visited the unkept cabins to find the 
mothers willing to send their children 
to the Sunday school. The parents 
were anxious to learn to read and write 
in the night school to be opened, and 
not many weeks afterward the children's 
and parents' schools were well patron- 
ized. That was the beginning. The 
mothers began to deposit money to buy 
homes; children were decently clad. The 
years have passed and not a cabin on 
the plantation is without its garden of 
vegetables. This was unheard of ten 
years ago. The settlement school has 
grown. The teacher lives in a three- 
room cottage. A small truck farm is 
run by the children of the school, and 
many a prize has been given for fine 
fruit and vegetables raised by the ef- 
forts of the young people. Near the 
school is another cottage where one 



[March, 1905 

of the first patrons of the school lives 
on a ten-acre lot that is well cultivated 
by the widow and her children. A 
daughter of the people, she is a fitting 
object lesson of thrift and industry, and 
the time is coming when the lessons 
learned in the tiny, worn-out cabin will 
be springing up bearing good fruit unto 
everlasting life. 

Another young woman educated by 
the Association vowed to devote her 
life to helping others as she was helped 
to see the light, and for twelve long 
years she has been laboring in the 
thickly-settled country districts of one of 
the States of the Black Belt. Beginning 
at the fountain head of the homes in 
her locality, she has worked out for the 
mothers of her school children an ideal 
home life that is telling most wonder- 
fully on the social life of the com- 
munity. A mother of mothers, she is 
working to develop the best in those 
who are lovingly dependent upon her 
for sustenance and direction of their 
homes. Their counselor is their banker, 
and she has received many a nest egg 
that has developed and grown into sums 
that have paid for snug homes in the 

I cannot forbear giving one more 
instance of another daughter of the As- 
sociation who, by earnest, steady effort 
has established a flourishing school of 
five hundred pupils in one of our South- 
ern cities. The course extends from the 
Kindergarten to a Normal Course for 
training teachers, and every year thirty 
and forty young men and women enter 
the ranks of the workers, or step into 
higher schools of learning to better fit 
them for the battle of life. A mission 
Sunday-school of 300 children, a day 
nursery, sewing schools, among the 
slums, district visiting, are among the 
outside interests of the busy worker, 
who believes with her whole heart that 
" inasmuch as ye have done it unto the 
least of these, ye have done it unto 

In the city and country the status 
of our women is rising. Comparing 

yesterday with to-day, we thank God 
for the advancement. The efforts of our 
young women who have sat under the 
teachings of the A. M. A. are making for 
the advancement of those who have 
been without educational privileges, and 
slowly but surely the good work is ra- 
diating. Especially is this true as seen 
in the improved home life where good 
seed has been sown. 

Better knowledge of the laws of 
health is disseminated by the thirty- 
five women doctors who are actively 
engaged in a warfare with the inherited 
weakness of the race. Four hundred 
and twenty-eight nurses have joined the 
ranks of workers, and I feel that the 
needs of the race are in a measure being 
met, with better homes, skilled physi- 
cians and nurses, who, in their relation 
to the homes and the mothers of the 
race, will aid materially in the develop- 
ment of sound bodies fit for the in- 
dwelling of the better soul. 

If we can have these skilled physi- 
cians and nurses along with our train- 
ing in other directions, we shall not 
disappoint our friends. Education is be- 
coming more practical everywhere and 
among all peoples. So it should be. 
It was very natural that the colored fa- 
thers and mothers felt that they had 
worked for years and when freed their 
children must not do so. They natur- 
ally forgot that they had not worked — 
they were worked. There is a great 
difference between working and being 
worked. It is a great privilege to work, 
to be independent; and no human being 
worked as an ox or a horse, simply 
carrying out the plan or conception of 
another man's mind, can measure up 
to any worthy standard of manhood or 
womanhood. If our young people are 
to do the best for themselves, they must 
be taught along with their literary 
studies the beauty and strength they 
may gain in conceiving and perfecting 
a piece of work. If geometry does not 
make it possible for a farmer to build 
his fences straight, to lay off his lots 
correctly, it is not of the greatest value 

Oblong Picture. — " At Home on the Plantation " 

At Top. — " Big Meeting Day in Alabama." 

Middle. — " A Country Home and its Owners. Plantation of 300 Acres Paid for. 

Bottom. — " A Plantation Settlement Worker and Her Class." 



[March, 1905 

to him. If chemistry and physics do not 
teach him the handling of the soil, the 
value of manures, etc., it has failed just 
to such an extent. The young women 
coming out from our schools, in order 
to meet the larerer opportunities of com- 
munity work, must be educated, and 
this means that they must be careful 
teachers. Teachers of cooking, of the 
arts of dressmaking, millinery and weav- 
ing, are in demand, and the time will 
come when our public schools will need 
women who can act as well as think. 
These two things were never intended 
to be separate. In these later years edu- 
cators and friends are coming to see 

Many people make the claim that the 
young women do not use their edu- 
cation for others. They are not willing 
to come into a house and run the kitchen 
even after they have had the science 
which makes the work less a drudgery. 
They are not anxious to take charge of 
a nursery in a home even after they have 
learned the kindergarten lullabies which 
are the delight of the children. But 
can you not see that one reaches a far 
greater number of others by going in- 
to a district and having classes in cook- 
ing of twelve and fifteen throughout 
the day than she does by confining her- 
self to one small kitchen? And is it 
not natural for her to long for this big- 
ger and broader field of usefulness? 
And so it is with the nursery, the laun- 
dry and other professions. 

We need even larger numbers of wom- 
en for our schools and communities. 
We are still looking to friends to help 
the A. M. A. to carry on its work. It 
cannot fail, for it already has gone too 
far to fail. I repeat again that we 
shall not prove faithless to our trust. 
We hold the destiny of the race in our 
hands and we shall try to be what you 
expect of us. We want your confidence. 
We want you to have faith in us as wom- 
en, determined to be the standard- 
bearers of a people chastened and beaten 
and sore. 

Putting before you the advancement 
of our women in their lives of prepa- 

ration for service to the race, we have 
shown the number coming from our 
secondary schools; we have told of those, 
taking professional training, the better 
to help in the survival of the fittest of 
the race, and we have given instances 
of the practical work being accom- 
plished by a few among hundreds of 
others of our women. 

By the intelligent manipulation of 
steam power to-day, the three-days' 
journey of ten years ago between the 
North and the far South has been 
shortened to forty-eight hours. If, 
through the disadvantages of the past 
we have made a start that is telling 
for the general advancement of our 
womankind, through the efforts of the 
workers of to-day, we shall soon reach 
the goal. For with the mothers of the 
race trained to meet the responsibilities 
of home and family ties; with the chil- 
dren forging the links that combine the 
education of heart, mind and hand; with 
thousands of the race maintaining 
comfortable homes of culture and re- 
finement, we shall have faith in the pos- 
sibilities of a people that have come up 
through hard trials. 

To the American Missionary Associ- 
ation and its numerous auxiliaries scat- 
tered throughout these United States 
her daughters owe a debt of allegiance; 
above all to the sainted pioneers of the 
Association who suffered ostracism and 
sacrificed their lives in the beginning 
of the work for the uplift of the freed- 
men. And again, the daughters of the 
bondsman pledge themselves by united 
effort to work for the redemption of 
their despised race, and they pray ear- 
nestly that members of the American 
Missionary Association, to-day work- 
ing so zealously to frustrate the on- 
slaughts of the enemies of the race, may 
continue to extend a helping hand to 
the thousands reaching out after a bet- 
ter life. 

The advancement of the women of 
the black race of America is assured. 
By the tremendous educative influences 
of the twentieth century, an epoch will 
. c oon be reached in the history of the 
black race of America that will be 
marked by the advancement of its wom- 
en to the highest plane, and a conse- 
quent uplift of the masses of an out- 
cast people. 


Our Missionary Reading Circle. 


By Elizabeth D. Rosenberger. 

Secretary of " Our Missionary Reading Circle," and author of thoughts and comments 
on the Christian Workers' topics in the " Inglenook," Covington, Ohio. 

[This is a strong plea for deeper interest in the reading of Missionary books as 
planned by the Circle and should not only be read but heeded by every member of the 
"Visitor" family.] 

Since we have moved from the " Mis- 
sionary Visitor " into the " Inglenook," 
we have often thought of coming back 
here occasionally to greet old friends, 
and talk over the interests of the Cir- 
cle, and Christian Workers' meetings. 
What is the Circle? What are the 
Christian Workers doing? These ques- 
tions are put to us day by day. We 
feel that the organization has a claim 
upon the recognition of our churches ev- 
erywhere. We are under the direct su- 
pervision of the Missionary and Tract 
Committee; also of our Annual Confer- 
ence. An arrangement more fair, better 
hedged in from all possibilities of trou- 
ble to our churches can hardly be con- 
ceived. The Circle has enlisted twenty- 
seven hundred people, which means a 
couple thousand new voices and work- 
ers, in many of our churches. They are 
aggressive workers. The enthusiasm of 
one man might wane, but the zeal of a 
multitude is self-perpetuating. 

There is many a church in our Broth- 
erhood where the children were not will- 
ing to go to church, where the Sunday- 
school teaching was of such a low grade 
that the older pupils who were well in- 
structed in our day schools would criti- 
cise their Sunday-school teacher. When 
such is the case, the only way is to ap- 
peal to the religious sense of our chil- 
dren and ignore the shortcomings of the 
teacher; do not permit the children to 
leave the Sunday school. But it is so 
much better, if, by organizing a study 
circle on missions, you then begin to 
conduct meetings. The Sunday-school 
teachers have frequent opportunities to 
discuss topics, new life and enthusiasm 
are everywhere. The practical stimulus 

from this Circle reaches every member 
of the church, and every corner of the 
Sunday school. 

Our Circle has adopted three courses 
on missions, all of them interesting and 
inspiring. The Christian Workers' 
course cannot fail to appeal to our boys 
and girls. We are gleaning the best 
plans to carry on this work, and they 
will prove valuable to you. The Circle 
is a constant inspiration along lines of 
larger giving, more earnest missionary 
study, more thorough Bible study, deep- 
er personal piety, and many forms of 
Christian work. In all these lines of 
work it never crosses the sentiment of 
a single church, but only seeks to stimu- 
late our young people in religious ef- 

Our new circulars will make it all 
plain to you. Send for some; we want 
to reach many in this year of 1905. who 
have failed to respond before. Come 
over and help us; we need you. 

We have often read the story of the 
priests who carried the ark of the Lord, 
and the entire host of Israel followed 
them across the dry bed of the river 
Jordan. God required of these men the 
faith that would actually wet their shoes 
in the turbulent flood. He also chose a 
time when the river was at flood-tide. 
The trouble with so many of us is that 
we are not willing to trust the Lord; 
we are waiting for it to grow easier be- 
fore we take up our duty. Suppose Is- 
rael had waited until the dry season to 
tiptoe over on the stones of the shallow 
stream? They would have found all 
their enemies drawn up in battle array 
on the opposite bank ready to fight to 
the bitter end. Should we not have as 



[March, 1905 

much confidence in God? Oh, I am 
afraid that too many of us want the 
river-bed dried up before we will press 
our feet to the brim. We need workers 
who are not afraid of the turbulent 
Jordan tide. Will it be pleasant? Will 
it be easy? Are you sure it will be a 
success? If you can answer all these 
questions' in the affirmative you can easi- 
ly get scores of workers to follow you. 
But the men and women who ask only, 
"Does Christ bid me to do this?" and 
then go right on with the work, — these 
are scarce. James Russell Lowell says: 

" The longer on this earth we live 
And weigh the various qualities of men, 
The more we' feel the high, stern-featured 

Of plain devotedness to duty. 
Steadfast and still, nor paid with mortal 

But finding amplest recompense 
For life's ungarlanded expense 
In work done squarely and unwasted days." 

We want the Circle to be composed of 
men and women jvho will not shrink 
from the cross, who will do hard things, 
and brave discouragements for Jesus' 

In the Open Door. 

By D. W. Kurtz, Huntingdon, Penna. 

[This article clearly sets forth the call of God through the " open doors 
in every land and the Macedonian cries "come over and help us."]' 

Last month we gave a few of the com- 
mands of Christ and tried to show by 
His life and teaching that it was the 
plan of God from the beginning to re- 
deem fallen humanity through human 
agency. The people for whom this 
generation of Christians are responsible 
are living now. Who are they? Where 
are they? Can we reach them? Can we 
take their strongholds of vice, idolatry 
and sin? Who are the Joshuas and 
Calebs who believe that God is with us 
and we can take them? Is the door 
open to these people? Let us see. 

Japan was opened to western civiliza- 
tion fifty years ago. Commercialism, 
education and war entered and trans- 
formed her. The church was slow. 
Through education she turned away 
from her idols and the church not being 
present to offer her the Truth, she 
turned to Atheism. The door was al- 
most closed to Japan till this late war 
with Russia has marvelously opened it 
again. It gave the Christian soldiers a 
chance to show their mettle and demon- 
strate their superiority. It took away 

opposition to the colporteurs and Chris- 
tian associations who distributed thou- 
sands of Scriptures to soldiers. The 
generals of the armies and rulers have 
been delighted with the new movement 
and added their influence. The new 
awakening in Japan is the ripest time 
to establish Christianity. Japan's stra- 
tegic position in influence and leader- 
ship in the Orient makes this a crisis 
for the church. God has opened the 
door; it will not remain open long. The 
46,000,000 Japs must hear the Gospel 
now, if they are ever to have it. 

Fifty years ago China was opened by 
the Lai-ping rebellion, much as Japan is 
now. Thousands of people threw away 
their idols and the Christian church 
was invited to establish churches in each 
discarded heathen temple. God stayed 
the sun in the heavens to let the church 
rise to her opportunity but she would 
not. The day x passed and during the 
shades that followed the heathen temples 
were rebuilt and the gods set upon their 
pedestals to leer down upon their ig- 
noratit worshipers. It cost the lives of 

March, 1905] 



188 missionaries and thousands of native 
Christians to open that door again in 
the Boxer Uprising. China is once more 
open and her 400,000,000 souls are ac- 
cessible to the consecrated missionary. 

India is under the English flag and her 
enormous population of 290,000,000 peo- 
ple are open to the missionary. Caste, 
child-marriage, widowhood, ignorance 
and famine have characterized India with 
the one word " Death." There is still 
only one missionary in India to every 
75,000 souls. God has opened India to 
the missionary. 

Less than six years ago it was a 
crime to own a Bible in the Philippines. 
The Filipinos were under the Spanish 
misrule for four centuries. Catholic 
extortions, vices and corruptions made 
them curse the God whom they pre- 
tended to worship. To-day they have 
banished their friars, renounced the 
Catholic church and are fast turning to 
Atheism unless the Protestant church 
meets the crisis. No field is wider open, 
more needy, more promising nor harder 
to work unless taken now: "Work while 
it is yet day." 

have brought together a motley crowd of 
ing field. The growing enterprises there 
have brought together a motely crowd of 
all races from all climes with as many 
languages. This compels them to learn 
a common language for practical pur- 
poses. The country being under Eng- 
lish control, they learn English. The 
missionary can here tell the story in his 
own tongue. Let not the church make 
the mistake in Australia as she has in 
most places, by waiting till her door of 
opportunity is closed by other interests. 
Australia is open to-day; she will not be 

Africa, the Dark Continent, has 165,- 
000,000 people. Except on a few islands 
by the sea, Africa has the most de- 
graded conditions of mankind on earth. 
The Boer war has been a great bless- 
ing to the mission cause in Africa. 
European countries are having and get- 
ting control of most of its territory. 
The building of railroads and com- 
mercial enterprises are great helps for 

the missionaries. The Soudan, with its 
85,000,000 souls, is open to evangelization. 
But the Christian church has been stand- 
ing back until Mohammedanism has 
entered this ripe field and has already 
won 3,500,000 to its faith. Africa, opened 
by the heroic efforts of Livingstone, 
Mackay, Pilkingdon and others, appeals 
to us to continue their noble beginnings. 
God has opened every door in Africa 
to the consecrated missionary who takes 
God with him. 

Let us come closer home. South 
America (pop. 37,500,000), Mexico (pop. 
13,500,000), Central America and the 
West Indies are our neighbors. These 
Spanish countries are in as bad a con- 
dition as any heathen country, even 
though the Catholic church has taught 
them for centuries. They are the most 
priest-ridden countries on the earth. 
Extortion, vice, corruption and ignorance 
have made the name of Christ a horror 
to them. Ten years ago the Protestant 
missionaries were mutilated and burned 
in South America. To-day active work 
is done in every state. Most of the 
governmental opposition is removed. 
The only difficulties for this needy field 
are those common to most fields. God 
has marvelously opened these countries 
the last few years. 

If we add together the population of 
the heathen lands, we get about one 
billion heathen or two-thirds of the en- 
tire human family. Is this all? There 
are thousands of immigrants coming to 
this country each year; many of our 
mining districts are veritably heathen; 
only one-third of the population of our 
large cities ever go to church; the 9,000- 
000, Negroes of our Black Belt; and the 
many unconverted people within our 
own church limits are all Mission fields. 
There are 140,000,000, Christian converts 
in the world. It is to these that Christ 
says, " Go ye therefore and make dis- 
ciples of all the nations " " Inasmuch as 
ye have done it unto one of the least 
of these, ye have done it unto me." " Ye 
are my witnesses." " Say ye not there 
are yet four months then cometh the 
harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift 
up your eyes and look on the fields; for 
they are white already to harvest." 
Shall we delay any longer when our 
Lord says, " The harvest truly is plen- 
teous but the laborers are few, pray ye 
therefore the Lord of the harvest that 
he send forth laborers into his harvest"? 
God has opened every door. He com- 
manded us to possess the land. Can 
we do this? The next article will be 
" Giving." 



Our First Christmas in India. 

[March, 1905 

By John M. Pittenger, Jalalpor, India. 

[This interesting article was written especially to the. Sunday schools and members 
of Southern Ohio who are supporting Bro. Pittenger on the field. But every reader of 
the " Visitor " will be glad to share the message and will appreciate the fact that it is 
presented to Southern Ohio through these columns.] 

Many of the boys had only a shirt on 
for their dress. Only a few girls, six I 
think, were present. Umtha's little girl 

No doubt many of you remember 
that we told you last summer that we 
hoped to spend Christmas in India. 
The Lord has granted us our wish and 
our hope has been realized. 

When we spoke to you about it, we 
thought we would pass the day with the 
boys and girls in the orphanage. This 
we did not do, as all the boys and girls 
have been removed from the orphanage 
here at Jalalpor to the orphanages 
at Anklesvar and Bulsar. This was done 
in order to make it possible for the mis- 
sionaries to help as many boys and 
girls as they can and also as much as 

Two weeks ago we had the pleasure 
of seeing the boys and girls in the or- 
phanage at Bulsar where Bro. Stover 
lives. Sometime I want to tell you all 
something about them. Now I am to 
tell you about our first Christinas here 
in India. 

Since Christmas came on Sunday this 
year, it seemed to be doubly sacred 
and beautiful. Before the day came, 
Bro. Isaac Long and his wife, Effie, had 
decided that we would spend the day in 
a neighboring village called Machard, 
where the Mission is supporting a native 
Christian worker named Umtha. At 
this village a school is kept, taught by 
native teachers, two in number, who are 

When we arrived at the schoolroom, 
the teachers and pupils were already 
there. A few pupils came later. In all, 
as I counted, there were fifty-three. 
Could you have been there, you with us 
would have said that it is a strange 
schoolhouse, — teachers, and all connected 
with the school. 

was the only one who was dressed like 
little girls in America. The others wore 
the native dress for a girl. This is 
called a sari and the girls and women 
of India look well in them. 

The pupils all sit on the floor. There 
is no desk for them or their teachers. 
When we arrived at the door, all present 
rose to their feet, said their salaam or 
" good morning," and then sat down 
again, when Bro. Long told them they 
had stood long enough. 

Following our arrival we heard them 
recite under the " head " or first teacher. 
The teacher would read or sing a few 
words from the book and then the pupils 
would sing them after him. This hea- 
then teacher is compelled to teach from 
Christian books and so gives to the 
pupils under his care, truths about oui 
dear Savior and His work and love. All 
the while he is drinking them in also 
In this way it is hoped that some seed 
may be sown that will bring forth 
fruit in later years. 

Umtha soon came and with him as 
leader the school sang two songs. Then 
Bro. Long talked to them about God 
and Jesus and what they have done for 
all men. Prayer was offered and the 
school was dismissed for the forenoon. 
Then we went to Umtha's home, where 
we met his wife who is a Christian also. 
Theirs is a happy home because Christ 
dwells there. On either side of them 
lives another family. Neither one of 
these know Christ as yet. They are 
dirty and filthy. Umtha and his wife 
are the only Christians in this village 
where about 1,100 dwell. 

March, 1905] 



The patelle or mayor of the village 
came to the school while it was in ses- 
sion. He seemed well pleased with it 
and expressed his approval of the work 
to Bro. Long. He invited us all to call 
on him at his home which we did. 
While there he asked us to drink tea 
with them. He asked us questions 
about our homes and customs and we 
asked similar ones of him. Here nearly 
two hours were spent very pleasantly. 
Will you not pray with us that this 
man "with all his house" may become 
followers of the dear Savior who has 
done so much for us? It would have a 
wonderful influence upon all in the vil- 
lage for bringing them to Christ, should 
their chief officer accept him. He is a 
Mohammedan and may be hard to reach 
but: God works great wonders through 
the prayers of His people. 

Sister Long, Florence, and Bro. Eby 
went back to the school in the afternoon 
when a short session was held, at 
which Sister Long talked to and prayed 
with the children and gave them some of 
the small picture cards given out to the 
Sunday-school scholars as an illustration 
to the lesson. These cards were sent 
from America by some Sunday-school, 
and they will be the means of doing 
much good. 

Maybe you are wondering how we 
went to the village. We walked. And 
was there no snow? No, that never falls 
in this part of India. A Chrismas with- 
out snow and a roaring fire in the stove 
seems like a strange thing but so it is 
here. Indeed, the sun shines so warm 
that it was thought best not to come 
back home during the middle of the day. 

This is harvest time here and we saw 
people reaping their crops as we passed 
along the road. These people know no 
Sabbath or the Christmas which is so 
dear to us. 

On our way out to the Machard we 
passed through a village where the peo 
pie still worship idols. We stopped at 
one of the temples where the monkey 
god is worshiped. W'e were shown this 
god. and a horrid ugly thing it is. Oh, 

dear workers in the homeland, could 
you see one of these wretched temples 
and its much more wretched god, you 
would then know more how to ap- 
preciate the goodness, beauty, and power 
"of the God whom we claim as ours! 

In the afternoon Bro. Long and I 
saw several temples in another village. 
In one of these we saw two gods that 
were still more horrible than the one 
seen in the morning. Oh, how great is 
the need for Jesus in this dark, hea- 
then land! 

Dear workers, I cannot express to you 
my thankfulness for the great favor you 
have conferred upon me in making it 
possible for me to come to this be- 
nighted land. My first Christmas among 
them has shown me so many reasons 
why we should all be here trying to tell 
them about Him, whose birth is cele- 
brated so joyously on this day among 
Christians. It would be a great privi- 
lege, indeed, could I now see you face 
to face and tell you more fully of the 
darkness and ignorance in the midst of 
which these poor people live. The 
story would be a very, very sad one, 
could I tell you as I see and feel it. 

Daily, yes hourly, there comes to us 
all, the assurance that you are praying 
to God for our guidance. In turn this 
gives us so much comfort and strength 
to pray for the work and workers at 
home. Let us all learn to be more fer- 
vent and united in prayer, for we are 
told that " the effectual fervent prayer 
of a righteous man availeth much." 
Pray, oh pray that India and all the 
world shall be saved by and for Jesus! 

Our voyage was a very pleasant one 
during its entire course. Seasickness 
came to us who are poor sailors. The 
first sight of India's shores was a very 
welcome one, for we had been on the 
deep more than four weeks. The three 
weeks since our landing have been very 
busy and happy ones. Our study of the 
language is progressing nicely. Oh, that 
we had the language, so that we could 
talk to the people! 

Our home is a pleasant one and we 
have every needful comfort. May the 
year 1905 be one of rich blessings for 
these benighted people, because we, 
working together, have wrought much 
for them through Jesus Christ our Lord. 

Dec. 29, 1904. 



More About the Philippine Field. 

By J. S. Flory, Los Angeles, Cal. 

[Some practical suggestions for the congregations on the Pacific coast, which 
if carried out would result in "a great good.] 

Ever since the Philippine Islands 
came under the government control of 
the United States I have been impressed 
with the fact that it is an open field 
ready to receive Christian missionaries, 
and a field where mission efforts would 
receive the sanction of government aid, 
so far as to bid the work God speed 
in the elevation of the people to a high- 
er standard of moral loyalty to God and 
man. As a rule, those first on the 
ground secure a lasting foothold. The 
religion of Catholicism in those islands 
is of so distasteful a nature that the 
better classes may be soon so educated 
as to arise in their moral nature far 
above it and will readily accept some- 
thing of a nature to bring to them peace, 
harmony and happiness. 

The subject needs no argument. We 
can see, at a glance, a great field there 
for mission work. The Pacific coast 
country lying nearer those islands than 
any other territory where the Brethren 
are organized, we would suggest that 
the matter be considered by our people 
here in the West, and some concert of 
actions be inaugurated, looking to the 
inaugurating of missionary work in those 

Doubtless there are young men going 
out from our Sunday schools, here in 
California, Oregon, Washington, and 
Idaho, who are imbued through and 
through with the missionary spirit. Let 
them be encouraged to become volun- 
teers in the work of going to the Philip- 
pine Islands as schoolteachers, and thus 
become acquainted, as Bro. Yundt sug- 
gests, with the language and customs of 
the people. Let them enter upon the 
work of organizing the young men into 
associations of a moral and religious 
character at such time when not em- 
ployed by school duties. Then let the 
congregations and districts back up 
those missionaries with means to carry 
on regular mission work as opportunity 
offers. The matter of finance will not 
be wanting if the work is entered into 
with faith, and supported by prayer and 
Christlike sacrifice. Let the work once 
be started and there will be such an in- 
flow of assistance that will be mighty in 
lifting humanity to a higher plane. 
Blessed will be the brethren and sisters 
who will be at the beginning of an on- 
ward movement to help those islands to 
become the kingdoms of Christ. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

The Kindly Sense Indispensable to a True Missionary Spirit. 

By Rebecca Bowman, Harrisonburg, Va. 

[Unique is this plea for a better life on the part of those who would bear the mes- 
sage of salvation to others. Let it inspire every one to strive after that plane of living 
to which the Master pointed when He said, " Be ye perfect."] 

This disposition is one which ever 
strives to reduce into oblivion all angu- 
larity and rudeness of the outward ap- 

pearance in the steadfast purpose to dis- 
cern the beautiful gift within. 

Jesus, during His ministry among men, 

March, 1905] 



frequently commanded, "Judge not," 
and just in this connection St. Paul re- 
minds us that " we have this treasure " 
(that is, the light of the knowledge of 
God) " in earthen vessels that the excel- 
lency of the power may be of God and 
not of us," for thus saith the Lord, " My 
strength is made perfect in weakness." 

So it is not by chance that this treas- 
ure is found in earthen vessels, but a 
wisdom different from ours has ordained 
that this best of all gifts, — the Christ 
spirit, — should rest within a thing so 
perishable, so easily destroyed, for the 
simple reason " that the exceeding great- 
ness of the power may be of God and 
not of ourselves." 

And here we must open our eyes 
to a surprising revelation. Human life, 
beheld in an ordinary sense, is only clay, 
its frailty, its small value makes an 
earthen vessel a most striking figure. 
Hence, a kindly regard for loveliness — 
of soul, the inward beauty, must be ac- 
quired and is altogether essential to life. 
If we look upon appearances only, we 
will be apt to despise the very traits 
most worthy of our love and esteem, 
for it frequently happens that the best 
it possesses is confined in its most un- 
attractive forms. 

In the words of Pastor Wagner, "The 
good within humanity is worked out 

through gropings, struggles and sacri- 
fices, even disfigurements, which make 
it misjudged and misunderstood. In its 
holy of holies dwells sorrow whose 
beauty is not of a kind designed to 
flatter the sight. Like the rosewindows 
of old cathedrals, time-stained and dust- 
covered without it needs to be con- 
templated from within. 

" We need to learn — once for all — 
that under his weakness, and even his 
stains, every child of man, however 
despised, however forsaken, however 
lost, holds within him a hope of God 
in essence indestructible. And then we 
must learn to perceive the inner beauty 
of those whom life has maltreated, de- 
formed, mutilated as though by blows." 
Doing this, we will have only love and 
compassion for the mistakes and fail- 
ings of others, only pity, only a sincere 
desire to reach out and uplift and com- 
fort the erring ones. 

Oh, let us, then, out of pureness of 
heart, forget the rude vessels of clay, 
learning to discern the higher beauty, 
and let us earnestly cultivate the kind- 
ness that pardons, the glance full of 
pity, whose sweetness has made many 
souls rejoice, taking into account what 
manner of creatures we ourselves are; 
so shall we have inward joy and the 
blessed assurance of those who bear 
treasure in earthen vessels! 

Missionary Sentiment. 

By John M. Kline, Vienna, Va. 

[The rapid growth of missions, the elements which brought it about, and the bless- 
ed results are briefly outlined here, in an interesting way.] 

The missionary sentiment of the 
Brethren church is fast developing, as 
every one can plainly see. If it contin- 
ues for another decade at the same rate 
as it has in the past decade, the results 
can hardly be realized. I remember fif- 
teen years ago a missionary sermon was 
scarcely heard. A missionary collection 

was only taken up at some of the popu- 
lar churches. Missionary Reading •Cir- 
cles we seldom heard of. Now it is dif- 
ferent. Everything is missions. We 
still find some who are opposed to the 
missionary spirit, and why is it? It is 
not because of dishonesty, or selfish- 
ness, but because of a lack of education 



[March, 1905 

along missionary lines. There is not a 
command in all the Bible that is more 
plain and simple than " Go ye." 

The Circle meetings and missionary 
bands are great helpers in moulding mis- 
sionary sentiment, because nearly all of 
our young people are connected with 
them and they are sure to accomplish 
great good for the future mission of the 

There are great opportunities for mis- 
sion work and there seems to be a lack 
of efficient workers. There seem to be 
few compared with the demand. 

Then, again, we think there is no 
greater developing power for the mis- 
sionary spirit than the good monthly 
" Missionary Visitor." It is so brimful 
of good things that one cannot help but 
imbibe the Spirit of the blessed Master. 

The real urgency of the call of our dear 
Savior for the evangelization of the 
world should again of itself be sufficient 
to resurrect every dormant power to a 
real consecrated self-denial life for the 
great work. We should not look upon 
this great theme as simply a privilege, 
but a real duty, just as obligatory as any 
other command. Then, as we realize the 
great responsibility resting upon us, as 
individuals, let us pray the Lord for 
spirit and wisdom, that we may be able 
to enjoy greater progression along spir- 
itual lines, and that we may not be will- 
ing to relax until the dear Father draws 
a halt and says, " It is enough. Come 
up higher." Let us be faithful until 
death. We shall reap a glorious harvest 
if we faint not. 
Feb. 5, 1905. 

A Mid- Winter Mission Study Campaign. 

By C. V. Vickrey, 

Secretary of Young People's Missionary Movement in the 
United States, New York City. 

Never in any one year of twelve 
months has there been one-half as many 
young people enrolled in the study of 
Christian missions, as there has been 
during the past three months. The 
popularity of the study has been a 
surprise even to those leaders who had 
most carefully prepared and planned for 

But the real mission study season is 
just now approaching. There is no bet- 
ter time for the organization of a Mis- 
sion Study Class than now. The holi- 
days are past; vacations are ended, win- 
ter is on; the evenings are long, and 
a better use of them cannot be made 
than in the quiet study of the victories 
of prayer and of spirit-filled men out on 
the battle-line of missions. 

Nothing except the study of the Word 
of God will do as much to quicken the 
wavering faith, or strengthen Christian 

purpose and character. The spiritual in- 
fluence of , mission study upon the in 
dividual life, and through that life upon 
the church and community, as well as 
upon the distant mission fields, is often 
most marked. 

The Young People's Departments ol 
a number of leading missionary boards 
are uniting at this time to secure the 
organization of a large number of mis- 
sion study classes. 

Most of the classes in the Young 
People's Societies will study one of the 
Forward Mission Study Courses. These 
courses consist of eight lessons, and h 
class organized in January, meeting once, 
a week, will just have time to complete 
the course comfortably before the. Easter 

In addition to the earlier text-books 
of the Forward Mission Study Series, 
which included " The Price of Africa ," 

March, 1905] 



by S. Earl Taylor, and "Princely Men 
in the Heavenly Kingdom," by Harlan 
P. Beach, there are two new text-books 
offered this year: "Sunrise in the Sun- 
rise Kingdom," " A Study of Japan," 
by John H. DeForest, D. D., and " He- 
roes of the Cross in America," — A study 
of home missions, by Don O. Shelton. 

Special helps are prepared for the use 
and guidance of leaders, and every ef- 
fort is made by the demoninational 
boards to give assistance that will make 

it possible for even the most backward 
class, to conduct a successful series of 

Persons who are preparing for a quick- 
ening of missionary interest and a deep- 
ening of the spiritual life of the local 
church and Young People's Society, 
should write to the Secretary of the 
General Missionary and Tract Com- 
mittee, Elgin, 111., for suggestions for 
the organization and conduct of Mis- 
sion Study Classes. 

Missionary Thoughts from the Life of^Edwin 
Wallace Parker. 

By Eliza B. Miller 

Edwin Wallace Parker, Missionary 
Bishop of Southern Asia, was forty-one 
years a missionary in India. 

He was an American but belonged to 
India. He lived for India, he sought in 
every way the welfare of her people, 
and he believed God had a future in 
store for her, a work for her people 
to do among the heathen nations. He 
loved his calling with an ardent but 
manly affection, and always regarded 
with manifest impatience the old-time 
ideal of the foreign missionary as a 
sad and lonely exile, enduring sore pri- 
vations, and perhaps living in daily 
peril of his life. 

Our brother was a worker. His ca- 
pacity for work was indeed exceptional. 
Whether with brain or muscle, his 
ability to do solid work was so ex- 
ceptional that his Hindustani brethren 
were wont to say that no one could 
take him as a model, because he stood 
above and beyond all ordinary standards. 
But it was not so much his conspicuous 
power of endurance that marked the 
man as his power of application. In 
the pulpit, in the bazaar, in the school- 
room, in long night journeys over rough 

roads, in the chilling nights and burn- 
ing days, in close and wearisome study, 
in constant correspondence with all 
manner of people, in building and re- 
pairing all manner of structures, in 
carrying on his heart the cares and 
sorrows — and sometimes the sins — of 
hundreds, if not thousands, of persons 
in whom he felt a personal interest, in 
managing finances in which deficits 
were always inevitable, and, finally in 
that most difficult task, in holding 
through long years a post in which he 
was to bear rule and yet be the servant 
of all, our brother very seldom showed 
signs of weariness, and perhaps never 
complained that his burdens were heavy. 
Our brother possessed the gift of 
leadership, a gift sorely needed in all the 
great mission fields of the world to-day. 
Position and authority do not by any 
means confer the gift of leadership upon 
men, but on the contrary, too often 
serve to make its absence conspicuous. 
In all great movements which require 
united effort, the presence of leaders be- 
comes a necessity, and this rule is no- 
where more apparent than in the great 
mission fields of modern times, but the 



[March, 1905 

missionary leader must be a man of ac- 
tion, who goes forth with his brethren 
into the open field, and who knows from 
personal experience the nature of the 
work to be done and the best means 
to be employed in accomplishing it. 
Bishop Parker was a conspicuous illus- 
tration of this kind of leadership. He 
knew the work, for he had borne a part 
in nearly every kind of missionary work 
which had been attempted in North 

Our brother was a practical man, and 
in nothing was this more apparent than 
in his missionary plans and missionary 
labors. He did not believe for one mo- 
ment that he had been called to labor 
in vain or spend his strength for naught. 
He believed that God had given him a 
specific call to India to preach a living 
message to a perishing people, and that 
a faithful proclamation of this message 
would not and could not be in vain. 

" Beating the air " was never a favor- 
ite occupation with Mr. Parker, although 
there are few missionaries who can say 
they have never done it. He was a man 
who generally brought things to pass, 
and he succeeded because he had definite 
ends in view. 

He looked to the boys and girls of 
the church as its hope, and was confi- 
dent that, if they could be rightly 
trained, they would be an arm of power 
in all efforts to promote the cause and 
the Gospel of Christ. 

The expectations of the home churches 
are largely centered upon the mission- 
aries they have sent out, but the mis- 
sionaries themselves know well that the 
real' work of evangelization must be 
done by India's own sons and daughters. 

The work of developing a native minis- 
try is the most urgent and the most 
important duty that faces the mission- 
ary, and among the many problems per- 
taining to mission work none calls for 
a higher grade of ecclesiastical states- 
manship than that which deals with the 
status of the native ministry. 

Church discipline was a matter which 
made numerous calls upon the wisdom 
and patience of the presiding elder. 
Converts from non-Christian commu- 
nities bring with them ideals and stand- 
ards of morality in some respects un- 
like those that prevail in Christian lands. 
It is difficult to deal wisely with such 
cases. The missionary is often placed 
on the horns of a very painful dilemma. 
He dares not set the standard of Chris- 
tian morality below the New Testament 
model, and he knows that in this land, 
where custom has greater authority 
than law, it is particularly desirable 
to begin right. But, on the other hand, 
he knows that even the most sincere 
converts are not yet emancipated from 
the authority of customs which in some 
things are absolutely forbidden to Chris- 
tians, and that a strict administration 
of ecclesiastical law is more than these 
weak brethren can endure. Mr. Parker 
spent thousands of weary hours in deal- 
ing with such cases and trying to save 
the delinquents without being unfaithful 
to the church. To be utterly loyal to 
his Master and at the same time to 
show mercy to those who deserved pun- 
ishment, was a difficult matter to one 
who had a tender conscience as well as 
a sympathetic heart. In the perform- 
ance of each duty Mr. Parker learned 
much of that " fellowship of suffering " 
which Paul sought to realize. 

March, 1905] 



Filipino Evangelists Supported by Filipinos. 

By J. L. McLaughlin of the M. E. Church. 

This is a second of series of articles the Visitor publishes to show that self-support 
and self-propagation is possible even among those from whom the average missionary 
would think impossible to gather any funds for church work.— The Editor. 

six months ago the members on their 


the development of our Philip- 
pine Islands work we have set the 
standard of " No American money for 
a Filipino pastor." This was established 
as the maxim of the Mission in the 
very beginning, when we were, indeed, 
small. When Dr. Stuntz arrived he 
heartily concurred in the plan, and we 
have tried to adhere strictly to it. A 
modification of the original form, " None 
of the Missionary Society appropriation 
for either settled pastors or Filipino 
evangelists," has been strictly adhered to 
and promises success in the future. 
Such special gifts as we can get for 
Filipino evangelists are expended in that 
way, always with the understanding that 
when such gift is expended we must re- 
vert to local means. 

This has developed in the Filipino 
church an unusual degree of self-de- 
pendence and self-support. The Fili- 
pino church is practically a self-sup- 
porting church. It is more than that, 
it is a self-propagating church, and we 
believe that were we Americans to be re- 
moved from the islands at one stroke, 
our Filipino Methodist Episcopal 
Church would live and prosper. Some 
of the congregations would not do so. 
They have been nurtured too finely. 
They have not learned the real meaning 
of the promises of Christ. But others 
have. They have gone further; they 
have heeded the message, " Go," and 
they are going out, " without money and 
without pay," to proclaim the story to 

Our hearts have been greatly cheered 
at the knowledge of this holy zeal for 
evangelism manifested in our churches. 
The most prominent example of it ap- 
pears in Tondo Circuit, here in Manila. 
In this circuit there are some fifteen 
hundred members divided throughout 
the nine centers of services. There are 
seven chapel buildings erected, and in 
the circuit a central mass meeting each 
Sunday is held in the theater. About 

cwn initiative organized what they 
christened the " Ang Katotohanan," or 
" The Truth Society." The sole object 
of the society is the propagation of the 
Gospel in the places where the Amer- 
ican missionary cannot go. The condi- 
tions for membership are: (1) The pos- 
session of a good moral character; and 
(2) the payment of a monthly pledge to 
the treasurer. It now has a member- 
ship of 216, I being the only foreigner 
enjoying the privilege, and the monthly 
dues amount to about $85, Philippine 
currency. With this amount they are 
supporting two of their number, faith- 
ful local preachers, for evangelistic 
work in the provinces. One, Valeriano 
Villanueva, has been working in the city 
of Bulacan for some months; the other, 
Nicholas Pajardo, is located in San 
Miguel de Mayumo, in Eastern Bula- 
can Province. Missionaries from Fili- 
pinios to Filipinios! A product of the 
true conception of the final message of 
Christ, and they are "beginning first at 

This circuit, from which these young 
men go forth, has never received a cent 
of American money in any form, except- 
ing about $150 distributed among those 
chapels as grants in aid, and the salary 
which goes to one of their number as 
official translator, and who devotes his 
time to literary work on the Philipine 
Christian Advocate, and in the trans- 
lation of tracts, etc. This circuit has 
not even had more than a very small 
part of the services of the American 
Missionary located in the city. It was 
here that the mass meeting was held 
on the occasion of the visit of Bishop 
Warren in Manila, when 1,800 Metho- 
dists on bended knees promised to do 
what they could to help evangelize 
these superstition bound islands. These 
men are keeping their word. This 
is the manner in which they are 
fulfilling it. The givers, moreover, are 
being abundantly blessed in the giving. 
We believe this is the beginning of 
real self-support. With this spirit the 
Filipino church must succeed. — World 
Wide Missions. 


Magnify Christ. 

[March, 1905 

By Frank Coler, Norton, Kans. 

The writer is a district Sunday-school secretary for Northwestern Kansas and 
Northern Colorado, a territory so large, so full of opportunities, and with such wonderful 
possibilities, that no one need be surprised at what is given here. This is a strong 
appeal for more active work. 

Sunday, the blessed day. A certain 
poet has said that Sunday is the golden 
clasp that binds the volume of a week. 
The day for rest, religious culture and 
the development of the finer Christian 
graces. The long-looked-for day by 
the bright-eyed, eager children who en- 
joy breathing in the pure inspiring air 
of the better, higher and nobler life, 
when they can again assemble in the 
Sunday school to learn more about the 
blessed Jesus. And it is needless to 
say that k is good to go to the house of 
God. There we may study the Bible, 
the book of all books, the truth of 
which is permanent in heaven and 
earth, join in worship with our neigh- 
bors and find the best spiritual rest for 
a weary heart and the best inspiration 
for our work. 

It is good to spread the knowledge of 
God and win men from worldly unbe- 
lief to joyful trust in Christ and peace 
in His forgiveness. For the deepening 
of our moral and religious character it 
seems that the benefit derived from the 
hallowed influence thrown around us, 
the Lord's day is the best time. 

It is claimed that the countries that 
have most spiritual Sunday observances 
have the most domestic peace and the 
strongest influence among the nations. 

The Lord's Day is certainly a sweet 
and restful time for deeds of mercy. 
We may visit our sick friends with 
such visiting as will make them better. 
We may carry bread to the hungry 
poor and praise the Lord, from whom 
all temporal and spiritual blessings 
flow. Many whose hearts are filled 
with goodness are sending clothing to 
those ill clad against the cold. We 

may gather their children into Sunday 
schools and give them a taste of the 
Christian love which is our true life. 

Thus is it conducive to our souls' 
present happiness and eternal welfare 
while working out our destiny with 
fear and trembling to practice the 
golden rule, "As ye would that men 
should do to you do ye also to them." 

It is said that four souls pass into 
eternity every time we draw a breath. 
Think of it! Oh think of it! Four 
precious souls, each one of more infinite 
value than this mundane sphere. Some 
die in anguish and deep despair, with- 
out that new hope that has sprung up 
in our hearts an eternal spring of joy, 
or the sweet peace of God's love for 
whom our blessed Redeemer suffered, 
bled, died, and rose again. 

It is acknowledged by every prosper- 
ous and liberty-loving farmer that this 
year has been crowned with good- 
ness and power. And now the harvest 
is past, the summer is ended and with 
the outgoing of another year, which is 
forever numbered in the past, with its 
joys and sorrows, anxieties and cares, 
achievements, sin, sickness and death, 
God exercises His prerogative in the dis- 
posal of His benefits. 

All things, every living creeping 
thing, the cattle on a thousand hills 
and the fowls of the air have been put 
in subjection under His hand. From 
the beginning God showed His gracious- 
ness in that He put " all things in sub- 
jection under Him, leaving nothing 
that is not put under Him. But 
now we see not yet all things put un- 
der Him but we see Jesus who was 
made a little lower than the angels by 
the suffering of death crowned with 
glory and honor that He by the grace of 
God should taste death for every man." 

March, 1905] 



This district is vast, extending from 
the sunny farms of our twenty-year- 
home, Kansas, to the dark, sinful mining 
regions of Colorado, embracing about 
forty thousand square miles of lofty 
peaks, undulating plains and five hun- 
dred thousand wandering souls, yea. 
our fellowman, likewise daily laboring 
for an earthly existence, our neighbor. 

Far-away India has her millions of 
benighted souls in moral darkness, ig- 
norance and superstition who know not 
that our blessed Savior brought from 
heaven a saving Gospel. Other coun- 
tries together have their multiplied, 
teeming millions in the same distressing 
condition. Nevertheless this district 
has its thousands who have never heard 
about the Lord Jesus Christ, in whose 
hearts the day-star has never risen but 
who, away down deep in their hearts, 
have a miserable consciousness of sin 
and unrest. It is true they have ears, 
but in reality as yet have not heard. 
They have never been quickened. 
Alone they manifest little or no inter- 
est in the active Christian work. Great 
numbers, possibly, may even have a form 
of godliness and lean upon their lodge 
and the doctrines and commandments 
of men, which shall be rooted up and 
:ome to naught as certainly as an up- 
lifted weed withers beneath the scorch- 
ing rays of the noon sun, but deny 
the mighty, operating power of God to 
cast out devils and the blood of His 
lamb for sinners slain from the founda- 
tion of the world, for all generations, to 
cleanse from all sin. They are abso- 
lutely deaf to the wailing, lost souls of 
their fellowmen whom they see and la- 
bor with every day. 

They are as indifferent about dealing 
out the bread and water of eternal life 
to the perishing multitude as the rich 
man was to heed the piteous cries of 
Lazarus at his door. What they do 
they do not as unto the Lord but as un- 
to self. They are in a far country, 
away from a loving Father's care, din- 
ing upon the husks of carnality. They 
are spiritually dead in the trespasses of 
sin. In isolated parts of this district 
where there are no Sunday schools, 
children are imitating their ungodly 
parents. Is it not true that just in pro- 
portion as we learn to overcome evil 
forces with good, will there be less ne- 
cessity for negative preaching? 

Dear reader, are you a praying man 
or a praying woman? Have you sweet 
communion with God who loves you? 
Have you come contritely out on the 

Lord's side, and complied with the 
first principles of the doctrine of Christ 
(Heb. 6: 1-3) and thus say with the 
venerable apostle of old: "I am not 
ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it 
is the power of God unto salvation to 
everyone that believeth." My dear 
young Christian brother or sister, if you 
are not doing so we wish we could say 
something that would encourage you to 
invite other mothers' sons and daugh- 
ters, whom they so dearly love and de- 
sire to see saved, to come to the Savior 
by faith and obedience, and experience 
His redemptive power that you now en- 
joy in the conversion of your desires. 

There is power in gentle earnestness. 
" How beautiful are the feet of them 
that preach the gospel of peace and 
bring glad tidings of good things." 
The God of love, mercy and justice has 
inspired us in His name to work in the 
realm of love and may He fill each one 
with truth and His spirit, that all may 
be profitable laborers in His vineyard 
and valiant soldiers of the cross. May 
every one of our heavenly Father's 
children be given a clearer conception 
of Jesus in His divine beauty and purity 
and innocence and love and sympathy 
that we may all with open face behold 
as in a glass the glory of the Lord and 
be changed into the same image from 
glory to glory and from strength to 

International issues are important and 
national issues are very important, but 
the work we are engaged in is much 
more important, because it extends 
throughout eternity. We see no lions 
in the way. no Mordecai standing in the 
gate. The work is great, grand and 
noble. Many are heartily interested in 
bringing souls to Christ, and building up 
souls in Christ by encouraging great 
piety and personal excellence, and send- 
ing out souls for Christ. 

Prai = e the Lord. May His name be 
honored and magnified through the 
blessed privilege of self-denial and her- 
alded abroad, that as the waters cover 
the sea. all may know Him from the 
least to the greatest, whilst in this vain 
fleeting world. 

Blessed Christ, wherein we are weak, 
make us strong. Preserve us from the 
evil and guide us in the right. Bap- 
tize every legitimate, spiritual child of 
Thine anew in the clarifying element of 
Thy Holy Spirit, that the transformed 
golden character may shine out and 
many precious souls be translated from 
darkness into the marvelous light of 
heaven. Overwhelm us with Thv love. 


Editorial Comment. 


For First Ten Months of Fiscal Years. 

1905 1904 Increase Decrease 

World-wide fund, $14444 0.3 $17606 74 $ $3162 71 

India Orphanage, : . . 3228 53 2255 75 972 78 

India Mission, 1789 65 1437 17 352 48 

Brooklyn Meetinghouse, 2710 68* 701 36 2009 32 

China's Millions, 93 32 87 07 6 25 

Japan, 15 80 15 80 

Church Extension 5 97 137 75 131 78 

Colored Mission, 131 74 183 67 51 93 

Palestine Meetinghouse, 295 68 • 295 68 

Africa, 14 25 73 00 58 75 

South America, 46 44 46 44 

Total, $22776 09 $22482 51. . . ... .$ 393 58. 

The above figures do not include funds raised by Districts for special workers. 
This will come in statement at close of year. It is very apparent, however, that 
there is, for some cause, a decided falling off of the receipts in the World-wide fund. 
The increase in receipts for the year, thus far, is not commensurate either with the 
growth in missionary sentiment, nor the prosperity which has been ours. Shall 
there not an offering yet be made before March 31, the close of the fiscal year, in 
keeping with our blessings? 


Now people who do not believe strong- him to no longer trust in the " uncertain 
ly in missions will say, " This is too riches " but trust in God who never fail- 
much." But not so, if the term is eth; he will then be "rich in good 
rightly understood. A* love for saving works." He will have no time for world- 
souls everywhere within reach, at home ly amusements, much less a desire for 
and abroad, will cure about every ill them. On, on he presses more earnestly 
the church member is heir to. If he is each day, as the joy of soul-caving, 
guilty of sin, he will confess so as to Christ-serving becomes more real to him. 
become a power in soul-saving. If he Yea, he goes on until his one passion is 
has been extravagant and foolish in his Jesus, Jesus only. Such a life is cured 
dress, his love for souls will prompt of all the ills which make church dis- 
him to save to the uttermost that he may cipline necessary. If you cannot believe 
win more for Christ. If he is greedy for this try it and prove it not so, rather 
wealth, his love for souls will cause than criticise it. 

*This does not include amounts sent direct to Brooklyn. Bro. J. Kurtz Miller's re- 
ports have not carried a total. At close of next monthly report the amounts received 
in Brooklyn will be incorporated, which will increase the receipts for 1905 about a thou- 
sand dollars. The total received at both places for Brooklyn Meetinghouse to date, 

Feb. 1, 1905, is $5,823 13 

Paid for lot, $4,400 00 

Balance towards a meetinghouse on the lot $1,423 13 

March, 1905] 




Under date of Feb. 7 a sister from 
Ohio writes thus: "If not asking too 
much, might we ask that the picture of 
each of the India missionaries be put in 
the " Visitor," accompanied with a short 
biography of each. We very much ap- 
preciate the pictures of their homes." 

Just a day or two, or perhaps three, 
before this came in, the editor received 
a photograph from Brother D. L. Miller 
in India, with the following on the back 
of it: "This photo was taken by Bro. 
I. S. Long, Bulsar, Jan. 2, 1905, at the 
orphanage Bungalow. All the mission- 
aries except Sister Alice Eby are in the 
picture. I send it to you to keep for 
us until our return if the Lord brings us 

The trust imposed by Brother Miller 
is not an unusual one, but the editor 
thought after the sister's request above 
that he could do no better thing than 
share the responsibility of "keeping" it 
with the whole "Visitor" family. He 
hopes this will be appreciated. 

♦ *■ ♦> 

One needs to go back but eleven years 
to the Meyersdale Annual Meeting, in 
1894, and contrast that time with to-day 
and he will stand in surprise of what 
his own eyes may behold. 

Then the Brotherhood had little ex- 
perience in foreign missions, — just a little 
in the work in Europe. Now we have 
an experience of trying to plant the faith 
in other European countries, as well as 
a successful beginning in India. 

Then three young members, inexpe- 
rienced in missions, full of life, fuller 
of faith, stood trembling before a Broth- 
erhood and begging for permission to go. 
To-day a band of twenty-six missionaries 
are in India, with four organized con- 
gregations, and a membership not far 
from a thousand. A District Meeting 
was held with no mean proportions in 
numbers and full of the apostolic spirit. 

Then a " feeble few," of whom many 
feared they were " not sound in the 
faith; " now a body of workers over there 
in whom the Brotherhood trusts because 
of their struggles for the faith. They 
have not only shown their loyalty to 
the Truth, but have made sacrifices that 
many, many who have not gone would 

not make, because dare we say? — of 

their lack of faith. 

Then a Brotherhood, fearing lest the 
support of three would be burdensome; 
now a Brotherhood that does not look 
upon many times three as problematic. 

Surely the Lord doth work! Bless 
His Holy Name! 

*> ♦!' *l* 


When the Annual Meeting recom- 
mended that one or two missionary ser- 
mons should be. preached each year, it 
was a step in the right direction. But 
the time has come when a deeper life 
than this should prevail in the church. 
In fact, there is not a great deal ac- 
complished if the " one or two " are 
preached and no more. The force is 
little for missions if that minister preach- 
es the sermons from " duty " or obeying 
the decision of Conference. The de- 
cision is all right but back of it and down 
deeper in the minister's life must be a 
conviction concerning missions that 
breathes out in every moment of his life. 
The real missionary preacher does not 
have to preach very many " missionary 
sermons." His life is a missionary pow- 
er, his speech betrays the Christ-spirit 
that is in him, and whatsoever he does 
is of the same influence. A church 
without a missionary pastor who lives 
what he believes will not have to say 
much about it until the whole congrega- 
tion will partake more or less of the 
same spirit. And, anyhow, who among 
men, should be more of a true mission- 
ary, — soul-winning spirit, — if you please, 
than the minister of the Gospel? 



[March, 1905 

the size of the logs they have to 
saw. Would they also need a planer 
and matcher? " 

The accompanying illustrations show 
how they have been getting out all 
their boards thus far. How do you like 
it, Brethren? Would you prefer your 
place under or on top of the log? In 
the shade or out in the sun? It may 
amuse at first, but look at the serious 
side and think how much help these 
people need! Think, too, of the patient 
labor of our dear brother Emmert, hav- 
ing charge of this work, waiting until 
the boards are cut before going ahead 
with this work. 

Answering the above 
questions the power 
will be " four-men " 
power. Neither steam 
or water power seems 
available at this time. 
Brother W. R. Miller, 
of Chicago, but now in 
India, and Bro. Emmert 
have devised some kind 
of machinery that four 






It is quite gratifying to note the 
interest which members have taken 
in supplying the orphan boys in India 
with proper machinery. A dear 
brother from Ohio in making this in- 
quiry, shows his thoughtfulness: 

What I want to ask is, What power, 
if any, have they to run such tools 
with ? I should judge they would need 
a good saw mill. But the size of the 
mill and power would depend on 

March, 1905] 


» c 

make power to run each machine for the 

Bro. D. L. Miller, with others, tried 
to buy the machinery in Bombay, but 
could not find it. So they have written 
to the Secretary to secure it just as soon 
as he can from Barnes & Co., of Rock- 
ford, Illinois. If possible this machinery 
is to go forward within the next thirty 
days. The main parts in the shipment 
consist in a turning lathe, a circular saw, 
mortise and tenon machine, band saw, 
all equipped with proper attachments 
for a complete outfit. These are fitted 
so as to be used either with belt or foot 
power so that no matter what power 
may afterwards be set up, it can be ap- 
plied to these machines. 

The workers will be glad for this ma- 
chinery and will not ask for planer and 
matcher now. Such work they will glad- 
ly do by hand. 

If you will look into the one picture 
closely you will be able to see that even 
with their poor facilities, odd workshop, 
and so on, Bro. Emmert has been able 
to turn out some pieces of furniture that 
are a credit to his skill. In fact the 
Brotherhood may be assured no better 
mechanic could have been found for the 
place, for, instead of the ability being 
trained into him, he has inherited it all, 
and takes great delight in making use of 
this talent for the glory of God in India. 
He has a deep love for souls and carries 
the spiritual appropriately into his work- 

We are sure that this phase of our 
mission work is just entering upon the 
borders of a great field of usefulness. 
What the final result will be 'through 
giving Christian boys employment that 
is useful, thus keeping them under the 
religious training of the mission for a 
number of years longer than otherwise, 
no one can tell. 

It is hoped that many hearts will be 
stirred to contribute to help make up 
the upwards of $500 which will be need- 
ed for this machinery AT ONCE. The 
amounts received will be reported in the 

India mission fund, but applied to the 
buying of this machinery. 

♦ ♦ * 


The article on page 131, from London 
describing the revival in Wales should 
be read with deepest interest. A move- 
ment that has started as this one has, 
moved along lines not in keeping with 
former forms of worship, as far as order 
of exercises is concerned, passing 
through cities and changing the lives of 
the poor and rich, the debauchee and the 
moralist, the layman and preacher alike, 
certainly commands the most reverent 
attention that a Christian world can 
give it. The fact that, in a few months, 
over 35,000 converts have stood up for 
Christ and the work seemingly has just 
begun, shows with what mighty power 
the Spirit is moving forward. 

The manifestation is new to all Chris- 
tendom. Never has the Spirit worked in 
such a manner in the memory of those 
living to-day. Some may be disposed to 
question the movement as being of God. 
We are commanded to " try the spirits " 
and this we should not neglect to do. 
But we also should be guarded how we 
speak of His work. Peter, seeing the 
manifestation was unusual in the home 
of Cornelius, did not reject Him, but 
was convinced that this was the spirit. 
Who understands the Spirit's workings 
anyhow? Like the wind, not knowing 
whence it cometh or whither it goeth, 
is His onward work in the world. 

Since Pentecost the church has been 
under the dispensation of the Spirit. It 
may be said that in these later years 
she has slighted Him and grieved Him. 
As a result she has been powerless to 
win the world for Christ. 

Now, then, when, in another part of 
the world, His out-pouring has brought 
blessings a thousandfold to many hearts, 
though it has not been done just the way 
" I think it should be done," let us not 
grieve Him by speaking in any way 
disparagingly about the good being ac- 



[March, 1905 

complished. We, too often, " despise 
prophesying " in others and thereby 
grieve and " quench the Spirit." 

A better course to pursue is to rejoice 
in His presence and power in Wales and 
pray Him to come in His might and 
power in our midst. 

Is the Spirit coming? A strange ques- 
tion. A sad comment on the church of 
to-day. Yet, brethren and sisters, let 
us be frank with ourselves. His presence 
has been weakly seen here and there, not 
that He was not stronger, but we forbid 
His strength being manifested through 
our unwillingness to walk fully in the 
commands of the Lord. The best proof 
of this is that, in the last ten years or 
more, our accessions have but little ex- 
ceeded our losses through death and un- 
faithfulness. A Spirit-filled body will be 
more obedient, and multiply more rapid- 
ly, thus pressing on to victory. The 
history of the church in all ages, when 
His presence was marked, proves this. 
Instead of being Spirit-filled there has 
been too much of the spirit of division 
here and there making many anxious 
hearts even among those who were not 
party to the division. All this drove 
Him more or less from us. 

But He is coming again, bless the 
Lord for this assurance. Shall the Breth- 
ren church be waiting, longing, praying 
that, while on others He is calling, she 
shall not be passed by? Having within 
us the high purpose of apostolic practice, 
will He not be only too willing to fill 
our hearts? Whether or not we shall 
be able to account for revivals in other 
parts, such as Denver, Colo., Schnectady, 
N. Y., as well as Wales, God forbid that 
any brother or sister should assume the 
critic's attitude and drive Him farther 
away. Better rejoice in the blessings 
others receive and pray for His coming 

The day is here, even now, when those 
who will walk in the commands of the 
Lord will be filled with the Spirit. Nev- 
er more so than now. Yes, He is re- 
turning in power to the glory of God. 

Let every one now open his home and 
heart that He may abide with him to 
the blessing and saving of many souls. 

*■ ♦ ♦ 


Thus writes a brother from North 
Liberty, Indiana, concerning a dollar he 
sent to the India Mission fund: 

" From my receipt I understand that 
I have my choice of 10 cents worth of 
tracts and the " Missionary Visitor " free 
for one year. The price of the " Visi- 
tor " is 50 cents, this making a total 
of 60 cents. I was made to wonder how 
much of that dollar would actually get 
to India as missionary money." 

We are glad that this brother is inter- 
ested in seeing what becomes of his dol- 
lar. Every one should be. We are also 
glad to say to him that every cent of 
his dollar reaches India. If he will read 
the financial report appearing in this is- 
sue he will find his dollar accounted 
for in full. Every dollar donated to 
India goes there without even being re- 
duced by the expense of sending it. 

How then are the " Visitor " and tracts 
sent? From money of the World-wide 
fund set apart for the distribution of 
printed matter. The Book and Tract 
Work had an endowment and it is still 
intact, the income from which was used 
for this purpose. If this fund falls short, 
to the extent the Committee deems prof- 
itable to the cause, do they draw on 
other parts of the World-wide Fund 
for the same purpose. ' By this same 
fund it is also made possible to send the 
" Gospel Messenger " for missionary pur- 
poses at fifty cents per year. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 



1 AND 2, 1905. 

The meeting was held at Bulsar, India. 
Brother D. L. Miller sent the Visitor a 

March, 1905] 



brief outline of the order of exercises, 
which was as follows: — 

Sunday, January 1, 1905. 

8: 00 English Sunday school. 

8: 30 Gujerati Sunday school teachers' 

9: 30 Gujerati Sunday school. 
10: 30 Gujerati sermon. By Adam Ebey. 
12: 00 Dinner. 

2:30 Informal Gujerati meeting. 

3: 00 Street preaching. 

6:00 English sermon. By S. P. Berkebile. 

7: 15 Gujerati sermon. By S. N. McCann. 

Monday, January 2. 

8: 00 Gujerati Workers' Meeting. 

Vadil teruf Christi ni feraj. By 

Motio Becher. 
Increased Opportunities to Self-sup- 
porting Christians. Ry Renchord 
What a Christian Should and Should 

Not Talk About. By Dia Hasji. 
Opposing Superstitions. By Natio 

Fishers of Men, Matt. 4: 10 By 

Daniel Hasji. 
(Ten minutes given for each topic 
by speaker and ten minutes for 
after discussion. 
9:30 District Meeting assembled. 
12: 00 Dinner. 
2: 00 District Meeting continued. 
4: 00 Sermon to Missionaries, by D. L. 

6: 30 Informal meeting, D. L. Miller in the 
General Growth of the Church at 

Home. By A. W. Ross. 
Chicago Experiences. By Gertrude 

Around about Jerusalem. By Nora 

How Can We in the Field, Best Fos- 
ter the Work at Home. By E. H. 
Relation of Old and New Workers 
to each Other. By W. R. Miller. 
"I Will be With You Alway." By 

Mrs. D. L. Miller. 
(Each speaker allowed five minutes 

Closing Hymn. 
I love thy kingdom, Lord, 

The house of thine abode; 
The church our blessed Redeemer saved 
With his own precious blood. 

For his text to the missionaries Broth- 
er Miller used Acts 20: 28, "Take heed 
unto yourselves and the flock." Judg- 
ing from reports it was a sermon equal 
to the unusual opportunity afforded our 
dear brother. But the sermon did not 
close the service. Brother Miller him- 
self speaks of what followed in the fol- 
lowing manner: 

"Then we had a season of fasting and 
prayer for an outpouring of the Holy 
Spirit and for the success of the work 
in India. This lasted until nine o'clock 
and it was a blessed season of com- 
munion with God. No one present had 

ever attended a meeting of the kind 
before. We were on our knees at least 
half of the time, engaged in importu- 
nate prayer to God that all of us might 
receive in full measure the Holy Ghost 
and that a great work for the Lord might 
be wrought in India and in the home- 
land. It was a solemn season of wait- 
ing on the Lord and the Lord blessed us 
in the service. All felt stronger for the 
work and all were happy in the thought 
that there was power in prevailing 

♦> ♦♦♦ <$» 


The monthly presence of the " Visit- 
or " should be the occasion for a spe- 
cial season of prayer. Every page of 
every issue, if looked at in the right light, 
suggests the need of prayer, and fitting- 
ly may the reader bow his head and 
heart and breathe a short but fervent in- 
vocation, as page by page he progresses 
through each issue. 

Just think of its contents! Here are 
set forth measures and conditions which 
directly interest all the people of the 
earth, and determine their real happiness 
in this world, and final destiny in eter- 

Through these pages the church, es- 
tablished in the world to preach right- 
eousness to all men, looks out upon 
earth's harvest fields and beholds how 
ready they are for laborers. Because of 
this there comes up a silent voice from 
each page, pleading in all tenderness and 
earnestness, " Brother, sister, pray the 
Lord of the harvest that He may send 
laborers into these needy fields." 

In this light, then, the " Visitor " is no 
common reading matter, neither is it 
published with a view to entertain. Its 
very pages call loudly for fervent prayer, 
deeper devotion, purer life and greater 

Oh, reader, hear you the call? Think 
of the many, many in the world with- 
in your reach, having souls just as plas- 
tic, just as deserving, just as precious 

1 62 


March, 1905 

in the sight of God as yours, who long 
for the same light and love which yon 
enjoy; think of these millions upon mil- 
lions going the weary rounds of igno- 
rance and sin and woe, dying, dying, dy- 
ing without hope, while waiting for you 
to pray the Lord to send forth messen- 
gers bearing the tidings of great joy. 

Jesus, on one occasion, said to his dis- 
ciples, " As you go, preach." Is it pre- 
suming too much to say that in the same 
spirit, when you take up your " Visitor," 
to read He says to you as His disciples, 
"As you read, pray"? 

<♦ * * 

It came to Pandita Ramabai's ears 
that over here in America where wom- 
an is queen, some society women, having 
nothing better to do, have taken up with 
Satan's mischief for their " idle hands," 
and have been sitting at the feet of cer- 
tain Hindu philosophers who advise 
them to substitute Hinduism for the 
teaching of Jesus Christ. We would not 
in the least minimize Ramabai's bitter 
scorn for the few foolish ones. We are 
only certain that they are few and will 
give no more serious attention to Hin- 
duism than they previously did to Chris- 
tianity. Pandita Ramabai points out the 
life of widows in that land of philoso- 
phy: "there are 23,000,000 of them and 
probably one-fourth are under twenty- 
five years of age. We have probably 
70,000 little children doomed to live in 
widowhood, and there are 13,000 under 
four years of age. They have to work 
without much food being given to them; 
they have just one meal a day. Many of 
these poor little creatures commit sui- 
cide." Such an appeal as this would not 
unstop the ears of women who have 
never raised a ring-bedecked ringer to 
help one drink-widowed American wom- 
an or whiskey-orphaned child. It is on- 
ly women who are in earnest, women 
like unto Ramabai herself, who are ever 
converted to anything. Let these idlers 
and players in the market-place be 
scorned. They deserve it. They are 
not worth fear — hardlv comment. 

Rightly did the elders of the Metho- 
dist church in Conference last January 
at Wheaton, Illinois, urge that the best 
means of awakening a deeper mission- 
ary life is by personal work everywhere, 
as set forth in the following 
by them: That the Church may be thor- 
oughly vitalized, we call for a clear and 
persistent statement of the great veri- 
ties of revelation, attested by a con- 
scious Christian experience. To this end 
let the ministry cry with trumpet voice 
and plead with persuasive love, and rest 
not till men repent. Every disciple of 
the Lord should recognize that to be 
His follower is to be in active league 
with Him for the conquest of the earth. 
Unceasing, individual, hand-to-hand 
work to save men, at home and abroad, 
is the divine command. 

♦♦♦ *> ♦♦♦ 

Lord Cromer, the British Commission- 
er in Egypt, in a recent journey up the 
Nile, noticed a great contrast between 
the attitude of the natives in British ter- 
ritory and that of those seen in the Con- 
go Free State. In the first case the 
people swarmed the banks, full of good- 
will; in the other they fled, full of ter- 
ror. The experience was a curious con- 
firmation of the charges of brutality 
against Congo officials. 

♦ «fr +X+ 

The Moravian station at Kailang, in 
Lahoul, has a " rest house," which is a 
refuge for Tibetan, Mohammedan, and 
other travelers in the Himalayas. The 
work is as benevolent and as disinter- 
ested as that of the old hospices in the 
Alps. Some true converts have been 
won through this gospel of deeds of 

■"J* *♦* *♦* 

We need more of the temper of the 
lame man who used to thank God daily 
for what the world would have called 
his misfortune: "For, had I not been 
lame," he would say, " I would likeiy 
have run away from God." — F. E. Mc- 

March. 190- 



Sentiment, Progress, Reform 

The Japanese diet consists of 379 
members. Of these seven are Christians 
— one Baptist, two Congregationalists 
and four Methodists. 

♦> * ♦> 

For the first time in the history of 
the Wesleyan church there are over 1,- 
000,000 scholars on their Sunday-school 
registers. The increase in the last three 
years was 36,000. 

* * * 

The distillers of Kentucky met early 
in 1904 and agreed that the liquor out- 
put of that State for 1904 should be on- 
ly eighteen millions of gallons, only 
one-third as much as it was in 1902. 
The reason given was that the spread 
of prohibition has seriously curtailed the 


*> *> *> 

A Roman Catholic paper states that 
15,000 priests, 5,000 brothers and 45,000 
sisters of the Romish Church are labor- 
ing as missionaries in pagan lands. 

♦> ♦> ♦> 

A missionary in Matabeleland, South 
Africa, was examining a woman with a 
view to baptism. She had had two chil- 
dren and lost them both, one quite 
young and one about a year old. To 
test her faith, he asked her if she did 
not sorrow because God had taken these 
little ones away. She said: "No, why 
should I? He took them to Himself; 
He loved them, and will care for them 
better than I, and I shall find them again 

in heaven, grown up all good." The 
missionary felt inclined to wish that all 
white people were on the level of that 
black woman, so lately a heathen. 

* * * 
West Gate Church, Tientsin, has been 
dedicated. This chapel was built to re- 
place that destroyed during the Boxer 
uprising in 1900, and is situated upon 
the site of the former chapel. 

♦> & & 

All winning of souls to Christ is plain- 
ly a laying up for ourselves treasures 
in heaven. 

& ♦♦♦ ♦> 

Thirty years ago persons professing 
Christianity in Japan were severely pun- 
ished by law. Xow it is estimated that 
the total Christian population of Japan 
is 200,000. The number of professing 
Christians is about 100,000, of whom 46.- 
000 are Protestants. 

4* <* & 

Laymen who are local preachers are 
serving the same purposes in the work 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 
China now as they did in America in the 
settlement of the Mississippi Valley. 
At the recent session of Foochow Con- 
ference Bishop Bashford was obliged to 
leave upward of seventy preaching 
places to be supplied, with the expecta- 
tion that the presiding elders of the va- 
rious districts will use local preachers to 
supply them. 

1 64 


[March, 1905 

This year sees the sixtieth anniversary 
of the Presbyterian Mission Press in 
China. Started at Macao in 1844, re- 
moved to Ningpo in 1860, and thence to 
Shanghai a few years later, the total out- 
put from the press until 1864 is reckoned 
at 112,000,000 pages; and the total amount 
printed between the years 1894 to 1904, 
at 590,250,003 pages. 

* * ** 

When a child is converted it is a 
double work of grace, for it means not 
only the salvation of a life, but also of 
a lifetime with its untold opportunities 
.and influences. 

*$!* *$?■ •*$•• 

William Quarrier, who during the 
last forty years labored for orphan chil- 
dren, assisting many thousands and 
starting them afresh, both in England 
and Canada, stated that his life-work 
was the outcome of a vow made when 
quite a boy, almost starving, that if God 
would spare him he would devote his 
life to helping the fatherless. He him- 
self sought the Lord and lived, and he 
determined to lead others to the same 
source of spiritual and physical life. 
How different this from the charge 
against Israel of treading upon the poor 
and turning them aside in the gate from 

their right. 

* * ♦> 

In 1891 the Moravian Church opened 
a Mission at the northern end of Lake 
Nyassa. It was several years before one 
convert was baptized. After seven 
years' work there were four stations and 
-fifty-two baptized Christians. At the end 
of 1903 there were 1,087 people under re- 
ligious instruction, of whom 340 were 

*■ * *• 

Italy is Catholic. 31,000,000 of her 
population are thus, though many in 
name only. Protestantism is slowly 
wedging in and now numbers 55,000. 
Even the very seat of Roman Catholic 
power is gradually being undermined by 
a purer and better faith. 

The American Sunday School Union 
has a commendable support from the 
Christian people of the United States. 
During the month of November $10,- 
399.29 was received for their work. 
* * * 

A Mr. Converse, of Philadelphia, re- 
cently visited a Presbyterian mission in 
Mexico. Upon his return home he went 
to the Mission Board and offered them 
a gift of $50,000 to enlarge and better 
equip the mission he had visited. Such 
instances would become so very com- 
mon, and the world would be so much 
better off thereby, could all those who 
are blessed with this world's goods have 
just one visit to a mission somewhere. 
The gift would quickly take care of it- 
self in the hands of the Lord. 
$■ ♦♦« ♦♦«• 

In the industrial schools of Palermo 
and Malonado, Argentine Republic, in 
South America, there have been 2,651 
boys and girls under training. Night as 
well as day schools are conducted and 
classes are maintained in cutting, sew- 
ing, knitting, telegraphy and even busi- 
ness to a limited extent. During the 
year the school had 530 cases of sick- 
ness among the children due to impure 
water used by the poorer class whence 
these children came, but the fatalities 
reached only fifteen. The missions are 
under the South American Missionary 
Society of England, with headquarters in 

♦fr *♦* **♦ 

The value of persistent effort of tract 
distribution is seen in the following in- 
cident: "One day a tramp, stopping to 
rest at a railway station in West Ep- 
ping, N. H., picked up a tract left there, 
read it and as a result was converted, 
and returned home to his family where 
he is now living a Christian life. 
♦• & ♦> 

The total circulation annually of Sun- 
day-school periodicals in the United 
States and British Columbia is 450,000,- 
000 copies. Who shall ever be able to 
estimate their real influence for good? 

March, 1905] 



Unless a man is unusually eloquent he 
will have small audiences in a hall. 
Even then his work is looked upon by 
the thinking and substantial part of the 
community as a pyrotechnic display un- 
til he .moves to get church property. 
Then the people begin to say " that work 
is to be made permanent." 

* *• * 

The Church of England Zenana Mis- 
sionary Society has Bible women in 
many South India villages. One is in 
a village many miles from the nearest 
Christian church, so that she cannot go 
to church at all. Another is of low- 
caste, and therefore must live outside the 
village where she works. By walking 
six miles she can attend church, how- 
ever, every Sunday. 

«$•• 4* *> 

Says the Chicago Inter-Ocean: 
11 Americans consume 7,000,000,000 cigars 
annually and the yearly increase in the 
consumption is nearly 600,000,000. 
Smokers use 3,000,000,000 cigarettes an- 
nually, and consume in other forms, as 
in snuff, plug, and smoking tobacco, 
315,000,000 pounds, exclusive of tobacco 
exported and that used in the manu- 
facture of cigars and cigarettes. The 
Federal treasury receives $65,000,000 an- 
nual revenue from the tobacco tax; the 
manufacturers alone pay in dividends 
$10,000,000 and in wages $50,000,000 a 
year, and the annual value of the manu- 
factured product in this country is up- 
ward of $200,000,000." 
♦♦♦ ♦> *1+ 

The Japanese, who are extremely fond 
of children, call them the treasure flow- 
ers of life. 

* * * 

How important that we, the mission- 
ary women of the Church, make the 
study of missions attractive to children. 
We shall fail in our most imperative 
duty if we do not give them an oppor- 
tunity to come in touch with world-wide 

Every Christian man, woman and child is 
responsible for this Blackness. 

Are you Praying? 
Are you Working? 
Are you Giving? 


this Darkness? 

The Presbyterian mission in the Can- 
ton field gives new testimony this year 
to the great influence of native evange- 
lists. In that field there have been 1,284 
accessions to the Church, and over $11,- 
000 contributed to Christian work by 
the people during the year. The village 
visitors who preach to little groups in 
out-of-the-way places stand for much in 
this result. 

♦t+ **♦ <fc 

Presbyterian missionaries report that 
in Japan Buddhism is studying and 
adapting Christian methods, forming 
Young Men's Associations, establishing 
great schools, inviting Christians and 
even missionaries to take place among 
the lecturers to the students. The Bud- 
dhists are hoping to capture the secret 
of the energy and power of Christianity. 
When they have found that secret they 
will no longer be Buddhists, but Chris- 

♦♦♦ ♦> ♦> 

Many joys may be given to men which 
cannot be bought for gold, and many 
fidelities found in them which cannot be 
rewarded with it. 

1 bb 


[March, 1905 

The Presbyterian church in Wichita, 
Kans., has solved the debt question in 
this way. Upward of five years ago she 
was seemingly hopelessly in debt and 
downhearted besides. Some one started 
a movement to begin mission work in 
some foreign field. The movement took 
hold and in the last five years the church 
has been able to pay off its indebtedness 
of $50,000, give $15,000 to home missions 
and a like sum to foreign missions. 
At present she is supporting two mis- 
sionaries and twenty-five native workers 
on the foreign field. All this because 
she quit looking at self and sought the 
good of others. 

<&• & ♦> 

In North Korea Rev. John Z. Moore 
says that the schools under his care are 
growing in interest. Speaking of them, 
he says: "We are trying to teach these 
people self-support, and they are learn- 
ing it, though perhaps not so fast as we 
would like. They build the school- 
house, furnish the firewood for winter, 
and pay half the teacher's salary; I pay 
the other half. It costs me about $20, 
gold, per year for each. The teacher is 
always a Christian, and teaches the Bi- 
ble as well as the essentials of an edu- 

* «fr ♦> 

It is to be regretted that the holy 
enthusiasm which has been so character- 
istic of the Moravian church has been 
waning to such an extent that the annual 
deficit in the treasury of the Board is 
growing larger and larger each year. 
It is to be hoped that this church which 
has been an inspiration to all others 
may not lose her power with the Lord, 
and consecration to the service, to the 
extent that she will bring disgrace upon 
the cause through closing up some of 
her most effectual missions. 

* * * 

The Presbyterian church in Ireland 
has a successful mission among the Jews 
in Damascus, Syria. In the mission is 
a girls' school, classes for men and boys 
on Saturday, the lewish Sabbath, teach- 

ing and visiting in the homes of the 
people, and distribution of Christian lit- 

jjjh 4& 4& 

The Southern Baptist Convention has 
missions in China, Japan and Africa; in 
Italy, Mexico and Brazil, and has lately 
begun another in Buenos Ayres, the cap- 
ital of the Argentine Republic. In all 
these has been commendable growth. 

<* +X+ <* 
At the opening of the new Free Meth- 
odist College at Wenchow, China, about 
thirty government officials were present 
in state, and 100 students from a Chinese 
school came twenty miles to see the 
opening ceremony. 

••jt- »j» ♦j* 

A Baptist missionary in Japan tells of 
a scene before the communion table, 
when a Japanese Christian, with strong 
emotion, insisted on confessing a sin 
before he would partake of the Lord's 
Supper. The sin was this: "In the rush 
and hurry of wheat harvest and of set- 
ting out rice plants my mind was dis- 
tracted with the work, and for two days 
I did not take time to compose it to 
think upon the loving kindness of my 
Lord. . . . That I should have been 
so ungrateful overwhelms me with 
shame and confusion of face." 
*• * ♦ 

American Roman Catholics propose to 
win the Filipinos back to the Church by 
thorough reform of the clergy, etc. Six 
American professors are going out to 
train a native ministry. 

♦> *■ & 
A Japanese woman, teacher in the Fer- 
ris Seminary (Reformed Church) in Yo- 
kohama, has been invited many times to 
leave the Seminary and take a better' 
position in a government school. They 
offered her ten dollars, and finally twen- 
ty-two dollars' a month salary if she 
would accept. But she stays in the mis- 
sionary school on a salary of seven dol- 
lars and a half. The reason? She could 
not teach pupils -in the other school to 

March, 1905] 



seek the blessings which she herself has 
found in Jesus Christ. 

* * * 
" We promise to keep the Ten Com- 
mandments and the eight Beatitudes. 
We will daily pray in our homes also, be- 
seeching the Lord to send us a teach- 
er." This is the form in which a band 
of heathen Chinese in the Province of 
Sz-Chuan, writing to a member of the 
China Inland Mission, offered guaran- 
tees in order to have the mission recog- 
nize them as inquirers. There is some- 
thing attractive about a country where 
inquirers begin at this point. 

*■ *• * 
At a religious meeting in the south of 
London a timid little girl wanted to come 
to Jesus, and she said to the gentleman 
conducting the meeting, " Will you pray 
for me in the meeting, please? But do 
not mention my name." In the meeting 
when every head was bowed, this gentle- 
man prayed, " O Lord, there is a little 
girl who does not want her name known, 
but Thou dost know her; save her pre- 
cious soul, Lord." There was a perfect 
silence, then away in the back of the 
meeting a little voice said, " Please, it's 
me, Jesus — it's me!" 

<g» <$» ♦♦♦ 

Oh Lord, how long wilt thou endure! 
Think of it, brother! In the United 
States the strong drink bill is $1,464,887,- 
598. In this awful waste of money follow 
closely in its wake crimes, pauperism, 
loss of labor and life which according to 
good authority reaches $1,678,504,964 
more. Over and against all this stands 
the paltry revenue which the govern- 
ment receives for the manufacturing of 
this demon-making stuff,— $141,000,487, 
leaving the United States through her 
people both in state and home a net loss 
of $3,002,392,075. 

*■ *• * 

The Kaffirs who came with our trans- 
ports said to the English officer in 
charge of the cattle. " Why are they 
making all that noise?" He replied, 
" They are worshiping God." " Who is 

God?" said the Kaffir, for they know 
nothing about a God. " God made this 
world," said the officer, " and they wor- 
ship God because they want to go to 
heaven, which is a very good place." 
" Heaven is a very good place," . said 
the Kaffir. " then why English not annex 

A Tattooed Maori Chief, New 
heaven!" The Kaffir thought that the 
English annexed everything good, and 
therefore ought to annex heaven. His 
idea seems to have been to have annexed 
heaven to this earth, but Christ set up 
His cross on Calvary as the sign that 
He had annexed this world to heaven. 
Oh, boys, we want to enlist you as good 
soldiers of Jesus Christ, to help in car- 
rying out that annexation of this world 
for Christ. — The Bombay Guardian. 
* * * 

" It is money, money, money all the 
time," says Skinflint Jones. " I never 
hear anything else." Quite likely. He 
never thinks of anything else, and he 
is never aroused from his stupor in 
church except when the preacher men- 
tions money. Then he claps his hana 
over the right pocket and straightens up. 
It is a fact, he never hears anything else. 



[March, 1905 

Poems and recitations which you have found fitting- in your work, and not having 
appeared in these columns will be acceptable to the editor. What helped you will help 
others. Take an interest by sending in selections for this department. 


O God of sovereign grace, 
We bow before Thy throne; 

And plead for all the human race, 
The merits of Thy Son. 

Spread through the earth, O Lord, 

The knowledge of Thy ways; 
And let all lands with joy record 
The great Redeemer's praise. 

— Melrose. 
* * * 


" The year is new, how may I know 
Through all its months the way to go? 
How may I know just what to do 
To make me useful, kind and true?" 

The sun smiled down and seemed to say, 
" I'll shine upon you every day, 
And in your soul God puts a light 
Which tells you always, what is right." 

— L. A. S. 
♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ ♦> 


I want to tell you something! 

I heard my teacher say, 
" I don't believe in missions. 

I don't think I will pay 
A single cent of money 

To go so far away! " 

I really think that's wicked, 
Because — why don't you know? 

Our dear Lord told His people 
Before He left them, " Go 

And preach to every nation." 
Our Lord Himself said "Go!" 

I wonder what my teacher 
Would think if I should say, 

" I don't believe in minding! " 
And then I'd run away 

And do whatever pleased me. 
I wonder what she'd say? 

"I don't believe in missions!" 

That's what some people say. 
" I don't believe in minding," 
They mean, and turn away 
From Jesus' last commandment, 
And grieve Him every day. 

— Mary Nowlan Wittwer. 
Adelphi, Ohio. 

This hymn from a Labrador Hymnal 
and published in " The Little Mission- 
ary " of the Moravian church is given 
here not with the expectation that any 
child will undertake to learn it, but to 
show the contrast with the English, and 
how hard it appears, at least to us, for 
them to read. .No doubt they think the 
same way about our language. 

"Jesus Makes My Heart Rejoice." 

1. Gub kittorngaringmanga 
Nagliktima annerijima 
Pairivlunga naglikpanga, 
Attimnik tailungalo. 

2. NaMekab iglungane 
Tapsoma nerritipanga 
Timiminik, kakonnanga, 
Aungminik immipanga. 

3. Kuviasudlarpunga 
Uvlut manele nakpatta 
Pairijimnut kilangmut 

* * * 



" The isles shall wait for His coming," 
Sang the prophet bard of old; 

" For His message of peace and pardon, 
In the far-off age of gold." 

Oh, ye of the strong young nation, 
The land of the setting sun, 

Look ye that in waiting islands 
The message of God be done; 

But look that the first new message 
To the peoples afar ye send 

Be the message of joy and gladness, 
The story of Christ, the Friend. 

So shall they that sit in darkness 

Be cheered by the sound of His voice, 

And at signs of the coming morning 
Let the waiting isles rejoice. 

— Caroline Sheldon. 

March, 1905] 





When the century was dawning 

And of peace and hope we sang-, 

Then in China old and hoary, 

Hate and bitterness upsprang. 

Thousands joined to drive the Christians 

Once and always from the land; 

And the cry, "Kill, kill the Christians!" 

Sudden rose on every hand. 

You remember the strange story 
What in old Peking befell 
When the gates shut in our workers, 
And all " foreigners " as well — 
And the world outside was sure, 
Such the silence and the dread, 
That the Christians had been conquered 
And were numbered with the dead. 

But those living prisoners waited 
For the help that did not come; 
Waited for the sound of cannon 
And the beat of friendly drum. 
Had their friends forgotten? Was the 
World unmindful of their fate? 
Surely troops must soon relieve them, 
Soon, or help would be too late. 

Could they send a pleading message? 
Eighty miles the word must go 
For in Tientsin were the soldiers 
While between was massed the foe. 
Then a Chinese boy came forward — 
He would risk his life to save 
Those who taught him " Jesus' doctrine," 
Which to him such courage gave. 

Silently the night closed round them; 
O'er the wall so high and grim 
Cautiously the boy was lowered, 
Prayers and blessings foll'wing him. 
" Come to us soon or we must die." 
This the message that he bore, 
Written close on slip of paper 
Hidden in the garb he wore. 

So he started on his journey. 
More than once the lad was caught, — 
Boxers searched him, beat him sorely, 
Tried to drown him but could not, 
For a hand Divine was leading 
Through the darkness, through the day; 
Guarding him who bore the message 
From the perils all the way. 

Weary, faint, he reached the soldiers 
With the message, — that brave boy! 
And at length found one who read it 
With surprise and shout of joy; 
'p Those we mourned as dead, are living! " 
Through the ranks was borne the cry 
And like one man rose the soldiers 
Dangers ready to defy. 

"On to Peking! to the rescue!" 

Not a moment then to waste; 

Through the cruel, hostile country 

Marched the men with eager haste. 

You remember how they levelled 

Walls and gates of old Peking, — 

How they freed those "praying Christians " 

While the world was wondering. 

But whene'er you tell the story 

In a tone of pride and joy, 

Don't forget who bore the message, — 

That heroic Chinese boy! 

— L. A. S., in Children's Missionary Friend. 

* ♦ * 

Betsey Lee was poor and old; 

Through summer's heat and winter's cold 

Like a policeman on his beat, 

She daily trod the crowded street. 

Sometimes she offered homemade wares 

To travelers on the thoroughfares: 

Sometimes she asked, in stately halls. 

Where priceless paintings decked the walls, 

For honest work, whereby to earn 

A loaf of bread; or she would turn 

A willing hand to aid distress; 

Thus many lives did Betsey bless. 

Year after year 'twas much the same, 

Except that she grew deaf and lame, 

Yet always honest, faithful, true. 

The dwellers on the street all knew 

That Betsey Lee would sooner die 

Than beg, or steal, or tell a lie! 

Full many gave her kindly words, 

Which, I am sure, in heaven were heard; 

And many a one who passed her by 

Wondered that she should never sigh, 

While every day the rich and great 

Lamented o'er their bitter fate. 

They wondered, too, why Betsey Lee 

In everything some good could see! 

Some thought it strange that Betsey took 

Her chief delight in God's blest Book; 

Why she on Sabbaths always went 

To church — and there with heart content, 

Communed with God, nor had a care 

That others passed her with a stare 

Because her clothes were not in style! 

She heeded not their sneering smile. 

I'll tell you why: Long years before, 

Down to the river's winding shore, 

Where wretched hovels filled the square, 

And oaths and curses rent the air. 

A missionary came one day, 

To sow some seed beside the way. 

A thoughtless crowd it may have been, 

Of rogues, and roughs, and rivermen — 

About the same as by the sea 

Our Savior taught in Galilee. 

I know not whether many heard, 

And learned, that day, to love God's Word; 



[March, 1905 

But this is certain, from that hour 
Poor Betsey knew the Spirit's power! 
From that day lived the gospel plan 
Of love to God and love to man. 
Now Betsey wasn't learned at all, 
But she could spell out on the wall 
The golden texts the teachers wrote, 
And all those texts could rightly quote; 
Though when the words were hard and long 
She sometimes got the meaning wrong; 
And Betsey's heart was warmed and 

"When short and easy words appeared. 
The text she loved the best of all 
Was very short — the words were small — 
'Twas this, " Go ye and preach." Said 

Betsey Lee, 
" That's plain and simple just for me." 
So day by day as Betsey went 
About her work, she preached content, 
Preached faithfulness, and love, and hope: 
Her every act for Jesus spoke. 
She didn't wait for sunny days — 
'Mid storm and cloud she sang God's 

Her life the sermon was she preached, 
And many a heart her gospel reached. 
If poor old Betsey Lee could tell 
The story of the cross so well, 
With scarce one talent in her power, 
With poverty her only dower — 
Pray, what will Jesus say, when we 
Before our Judge meet Betsey Lee? 

— Mrs. S. A. Gamble. 


In winter the Eskimos live in snow 
huts, shaped like beehives, and ap- 
proached by a snow tunnel. They are 
lighted by windows of ice instead of 
glass, and are warmed by a lamp fed 
with seal oil. The ceiling gets thick- 
coated with soot, and looks quite homely 
and comfortable. The Eskimos sleep 
on snow beds, covered with light 
branches, and then with skins. They 
have no difficulty about seats. They use, 
that is if books tell the truth, their 
provisions for seats — great chunks of 
walrus beef, frozen hard as a board. 
When a piece is wanted for dinner it is 
chopped off with an axe and popped in- 
to a pot, and there you are. As sum- 
mer comes on the snow huts grow soft, 
and sometimes the roof falls in sudden- 
ly. This is fine fun for the boys and 
girls. No one is hurt by the soft snow, 

and there is no furniture that will spoil; 
it is a sign that summer is come in ear- 
nest. Then the family sets up a tent of 
skins, where they dwell till the snow 
comes again. — The Little Missionary. 

* ■* * 


This is the name of the " new mission- 
ary " who arrived at the home of Broth- 
er and Sister Adam Ebey, in Dahanu, 
India, on Jan. 20, 1905. 

♦ * * 


We have a little granddaughter, four 
years old. Her name is Mary Burger. 
She was given a dime last spring to 
invest in something for missionary pur- 
poses. She raised chickens. She tended 
them herself, and this is the proceeds, 
$3.84. She says, " I want it sent to 
poor little children, to help feed and 
clothe them, so they can go to Sunday 
school like we can." Jno. H. Rinehart. 

Union, Ohio, Feb. 7. 
«£ ♦ ♦$» 

" We must share, if we would keep, 
Our good gifts from above; 

Ceasing to give, we cease to have; 
Such is the law of love." 

A poor boy met an old captain one 
day on a towpath on the Erie Canal; 
the captain recognized him, and said: 

" Well, William, where are you go- 
ing? " 

"I don't know," he answered; "fa- 
ther is too poor to keep me at home 
any longer, and says that I must now 
make a living for myself." 

" There's no trouble about that," said 
the captain. " Be sure you start right, 
and you'll get along finely." 

William told his friend that the only 
trade he knew anything about was soap 
and candle-making, at which he had 
helped his father at home. 

" Well," said the old man, " let me 

March, 1905] 



pray with you once more, and give you 
a little advice, and then I will let you 

They both kneeled down upon the 
towpath; the dear old man prayed ear- 
nestly for William, and then gave this 

" Someone will soon be the leading 
soapmaker in New York. It can be you 
as well as anyone. I hope it may. Be 
a good man; give your heart to Christ; 
give the Lord all that belongs to Him 
of every dollar you earn, make an hon- 
est soap, give a full pound, and I am 
certain you will be a prosperous and rich 

When the boy arrived in the city he 
found it hard to get work. Lonesome, 
and far from home, he remembered his 
mother's words and the last words of 
the canal-boat captain. He was then 
led to "seek first the kingdom of God 
and His righteousness," and united with 
the church. He remembered his prom- 
ise to the old captain, and the first dol- 
lar he earned brought up the question 
of the Lord's part. In the Bible he 
found that the Jews were commanded to 
give one-tenth, so he said, " If the Lord 
will take one-tenth, I will give that." 
And so he did, and ten cents of every 
dollar was " sacred to the Lord." 

Having regular employment he soon 
became a partner, and after a few years 
his partner died, and William became the 
owner of the business. 

He resolved to keep his promise to 
the old captain; he made an honest soap, 
gave a full pound, and instructed his 
bookkeeper to see that one-tenth of his 
profits was set aside for religious and 
charitable purposes. He prospered, his 
business grew, his family was blessed, 
his soap sold, and he grew rich faster 
than he had ever hoped. He then gave 
the Lord two-tenths, and prospered 
more than ever; then he gave three- 
tenths, then four-tenths, then five-tenths. 

He educated his family, settled all his 
plans for life, and gave all his income 
to the Lord. He prospered more than 

This is the story of William Colgate, 
who left a name that will never die. — 
Medical Missions at Home and Abroad. 

♦;* *> ♦> 


By Mary C. Stoner, Ladoga, Ind. 

[This interesting story of real home life 
witnessing for Christ is the kind that ap- 
peals to the heart. There are many such 
instances. Will not others write too? — 

" There, Ina, lie down a r few min- 
utes, you will feel so good after a 
little rest." 

The tired girl lay her weary head on 
the soft pillow, and watched her cheer- 
ful hostess disappear, then she thought 
of loving friends, and angel spirits hov- 
ering near. 

"Ina, do you know that I love you?" 
The arms of a chubby four-year-old boy 
stole gently around her neck and bend- 
ing over, he gave her a kiss. 

" My, that watch is pretty, I just love 
to hear it tick! Say, did you know if 
you're bad that the old bad man'll take 
you, an' 'est burn you an' burn you an' 
'est keep a burning you, an' if you'd 
want a drink he wouldn't near give you 
one; I'm awful glad 'at Papa an' Mam- 
ma brought you home with 'em 'cause 
I love you so, an' that's the reason why 
I want you to be good, 'cause — 'cause I 
don't want the old bad man to get you 
an' burn you clear up." 

" Then I couldn't be with you, could 
I, Lawrence?" 

" No, no, I'm going up, 'way up high; 
it's awful pretty up there." 

" Who told you about these things, 
Lawrence? " 

"Why, my mamma; she wants me to 
be good. Say — did you know 'at the 
old bad man's on our telephone line? 
Well, he is — don't you know I found 
the wire going down in the ground, 
right by our cellar, an' I told mamma 
to call him up, but she said she didn't 
want to get — get — what is that big 
word? Oh, yes, get acquainted with 
the old thing." 

"O! I hear Fanny Fern a-laughin'; 
I must go." 

He was off in a bound to join hi^ 
merry sister, and Ina wondered if the 
loving interest with which Lawrence 
gave his lesson would not be a worthy 
pattern for older missionaries. 



[March, 1905 

A Brother in Virginia, whose Name is 
Withheld, has the Master's Work 
Deeply in his Heart, as Seen from the 
Letter Herewith. Such Sacrifice and 
Devotion, if had by all the Members 
Would Result in Great Good: 

Feb. 5, 1905. 

A few thoughts concerning mission 
work and its pleasures may be of in- 
terest. My present donation will be very 
small, as we are in this county by our- 
selves (that is my family). We are the 
only members of the Brethren church in 
this county. We have no place to have 
preaching, therefore we need a small 
churchhouse, in order to do any work 
here. It is a good community and many 
souls need saving, but there is no one to 
give them the true life-giving Word, or 
a whole Gospel. I am poor in this 
world's goods, but the good Lord has 
abundantly blessed me, since I have come 
to realize that I owe Him a great part 
of what I have, and am willing to give 
part of the same for His cause. I see 
the need of a churchhouse here, and I 
am determined by God's help to build 
one, and if I will have to do it myself. 
I have asked several brethren to lend 
me seventy or one hundred dollars for 
one or two years and I would pay it 
back again, even offering two horses and 
four head of cattle for security, and yet 
they will not do anything, but I am not 
the least discouraged in the work. It 
just stimulates me more. 

I agreed to do all the work on the 
house, and afterward pay the money 
back again that I borrowed, but now I 
am going to go at it myself. That is why 
I have so little to send this time for 

I am made to think sometimes that 
we must be robbing God, as the prophet 
Malachi said. 

I know churches in which the whole 

membership does not give as much as 
the poorest member could give, and yet 
be a hundred times better off than what 
they are now if they could only be made 
to see it. 

Some evidently think that God can 
not be trusted if we are to judge by the 
fruits we see. I have been trying to 
teach the whole Gospel at every oppor- 
tunity ever since I am here, and trying 
to sow the seed of truth as best I can. 

♦> ♦*■ * 
From Fruitdale, Ala., comes a Call that 
Should be Responded to by Some 
Missionary Minister. The Point is 
in an Organized District and Help 
Should be Arranged through Board 
for Tennessee and Alabama: 
We are in need of a minister. The 
fact is that the cause will suffer, unless 
we get ministerial help, some way, soon. 
We have about thirty members here, all 
in g<^od standing, and all are enthusias- 
tically endeavoring to build up the cause 
of Christ. Bro. Hutchison is with us 
now and will stay until March 1. Then, 
I feel, we will not be held together as 
we should be. We have only one young 
minister here, but it will be impossible 
for him to fill all the appointments. 
They are all good places to build up 

Now please do not let this cause suffer. 
If we could get some one like Bro. P. 
H. Beery, just for one year, I feel we 
might do well. We want some one 
that readily answers questions such as 
might be asked concerning the Bible. 

Talk about sending missionary help 
to foreign countries the South needs it 
too. I have lived here nine years and 
therefore know something about it. The 
Missionary Baptists are dividing up and 
many are laying aside feet-washing. 
They are calling in many places for our 
ministers to come and preach to them. 

March, 1905 j 



Now, dear brother do not let this go 
by without a thorough investigation. I 
would be glad to answer all questions 
and furnish all information possible re- 
garding this work. 

J. Z. Jordan, Secretary of Church. 

* *• 4» 

L. H. Eby, Missionary at Ft. Wayne, 
Ind., Describes how the Spirit led 
their Mission to Begin a New Fund. 
Note, too, in the Amount Given, how 
the Lord Stirs the Heart When it 
Reaches out for Others far away: 

Wisdom has rightly decided in our 
Brotherhood that every donor to the 
General Missionary Fund has the privi- 
lege to say to what cause his donation 
shall be applied. 

Our Christian Workers' Program for 
December 18, 1904, included our Christ- 
mas productions, being our last service 
for the year. 

Presenting and receiving gifts was one 
line of thought in the meeting. Near 
the close one dear sister asked, " Why 
not give the Lord a gift this Christmas 

Before dismissal we took occasion to 
comment on this question expressing our 
conviction to give unto the Lord on 
Christmas day, and assured all that the 
congregation on Christmas would have a 
like privilege. 

Christmas day came bright and clear, 
and we enjoyed a spiritual service, at 
the close of which we extended the privi- 
lege to all, to donate as they felt the 
Lord had blessed them, and in harmony 
with the above plan. 

Convictions previously led our family 
towards the opening of an Australian 
Mission Fund, and for this we donated. 
The occasion proved that every donor 
applied theirs likewise. 

We are thankful to report that the nu- 
cleus fund swelled to almost ten dollars. 

Our united prayers accompany it, that 
out of a small beginning the Lord may 
bring forth a great fund, resulting in 
the conversion of many souls. 

Christmas day evening was most en- 
joyable by our children's Christmas serv- 
ices. The quality of work and song by 
both leaders and children was most com- 

The goodly congregation rejoiced and 
we thanked God for Christmas day serv- 
ices in Ft. Wayne. 

The church is still uniting her efforts 
towards "more and better work for 

Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

<$» $ <$• 

Maryland Collegiate Institute, through 
D. Owen Cottrell Gives a Short and 
Interesting Account of Growth of 
Missions in their School: 

The work here has been organized for 
about three years. During that time we 
feel that the movement among us has 
gained strength, and some of our num- 
ber have already found themselves 
among the active laborers in the field. 
Among the latter is to be found one of 
the leaders in organizing the work here, 
I. S. Long. His letters to us from the 
land where he now is whisper to us of 
the cause for which we are striving. 
Another of our workers has been for 
some time with the Mission in Balti- 
more, and she occasionally stops in to 
see us and tell us of what is to be 
learned of mission work in that great 

We have read several books of the 
course already. " The Crisis of Mis- 
sions " was completed early in January. 
Since then we have begun on " The 
Christian's Secret of a Happy Life," of 
which there were twenty-seven copies 
ordered the first time, and six others 
since. That the Circle here has been 
growing is shown by the fact that there 
were recently twenty-three new names 
sent in, and there are now about half 
that many more taking up the course. 
With such a constant increase of mem- 
bers, there is no danger that our regular 
weekly meetings will lack interest and 
influence. It is a rare thing for less 



[March, 1905, 

than twenty-five to be present each meet- 

During the Special Bible Term the 
Circle rendered a special Program. 
When opportunity offers, we have those 
interested in Mission Work to be pres- 
ent with us at our weekly meetings and 
give us a talk. 

* * * 

Juniata College, as Reported by D. W. 
Kurtz, has a Daily Mission Class 
During Bible Term. Would it not 
Result in much Good if Many More 
Could be Present than Are? 
Our Mission Study classes are moving 
along as usual. A mission class was 
formed for the special Bible term which 
began Jan. 22. Mott's " Evangelization 
of the World in this Generation " was 
used. This is the first time that a period 
each day of our much crowded Bible 
session was. given to mission study; but 
the interest which all took in it and the 
great need of training people at these 
Bible institutes to become leaders in 
their home churches have doubtless in- 
sured its repetition at future Bible terms. 
It was our aim and is our hope that 
through this class some churches will 
take up the study of missions. 

The most prominent features of the 
mission work of the month were the 
visit of Galen B. Royer, General Secre- 
tary of the Mission Board, and the many 
good things he brought us. On Thurs- 
day evening, Jan. 26, the " Whatsoever 
Band " — a missionary society of the 
young sisters of the Huntingdon church 
— gave a public program, after which 
Bro. Royer gave a short address. On Fri- 
day afternoon and evening he gave us two 
very interesting mission sermons. The 
Sisters' Missionary Society held their an- 
nual public meeting Saturday afternoon. 
On Saturday evening (Jan. 28) the Mis- 
sion Band of the college gave a public 
program. The Band was represented by 
brethren D. W. Kurtz, O. A. Stahl, A. J. 
Culler and J. H Cassady. This was fol- 
lowed by a splendid talk by Bro Royer. 
He also met with the Mission Band and 

Volunteers in their private meetings, had' 
many personal talks, and inspired all 
whom he met. We are more than ever 
persuaded that an annual visit of all 
our colleges by some secretary is essen- 
tial for the future of the Cause. 

D. W. Kurtz. 
<$» <$» 4» 

McPherson College, (Kans.) through F. 
H. Crumpacker, Reports Splendid 
Growth along Mission Lines: 

A good per cent of the students have 
either been in some of our study classes 
or have been doing some reading along 
missionary lines as directed by the lead- 

A text book, entitled, "The Chinese 
Slave Girl," has aroused considerable en- 
thusiasm alon~ missionary lines of read- 
ing. A few of its readers burned mid- 
night oil to get to read the entire ac- 
count. The Volunteer Band has almost 
doubled its number and are doing some 
work among the neighboring churches. 
Since visiting one church, we rejoice to 
learn that they have taken up the sup- 
port of an orphan. Recently one of our 
elders from Nebraska visited our Band 
and gave us some helpful instruction 
concerning our preparation for the field. 
The going of Brother and Sister Eby to 
the field has added an extra help to our 
work here. Many of our workers watch 
and wait anxiously for communications 
from them. The spiritual tone of our 
Christian work is higher than it has ever 
been. A short time ago we enjoyed the 
visit of a River Brethren sister who was 
formerly a teacher here and, for the past 
seven years, has been a standard bearer 
for Christ in dark Africa. Her personal 
talks with the students helped them to 
see new beauty in being wholly sur- 
rendered to Christ. 

Feb. 5. 

* * * 

Bridgewater College through Wm. K. 
Conner Reports a .Deeper Spiritual 
Work of Grace in their Midst since 
the Bible Term: 

To-night our Band meeting was small, 

March, 1905] 



due largely to sickness. Prayers went 
up in their behalf. But somehow it al- 
most seemed that the blessing was 
larger, because of the small number pres- 
ent. The prayers were touching and 
strengthening. The remarks were in- 
structive and inspiring. The closing 
hymn was " My Jesus, I love thee, I 
Know thou art Mine." 

Just read the " Little Green God." 
Think of it! Is it possible that such con- 
ditions exist in blessed America! Think 
of Bro. Stover in twenty years being 
treated like Mr. Fletcherd. Could it 

Our Bible Term is in the past, but 
not all of it. Go with me here and there, 
over this beautiful Valley, into the many 
homes that were represented here. Then 
into the heart, and into that beautiful 
missionary room of the one who attend- 
ed the Term, and there be shown some 
beautiful collections. We step up to a 
rather striking picture and begin to ad- 
mire it, when we are told, " That was 
painted by the Holy Spirit through Bro. 
Royer." " It is truly a valuable addition 
to your room. Think what your room 
would lack had you not been at Bridge- 
water." " Yes, I prize it highly and am 
sure it will do others as well as myself 
much good." 

In my own "room" I have hanging 
a picture that will please you. It is aft- 
er preaching. The crowd has gone. In 
the Band room a number have gathered, 
because it has been whispered that Bro. 
Royer is going to meet with the Band. 
There we felt that we were led into 
" green pastures and beside still waters. 
Our cups were full and running over. 
A brother and sister were there who had 
yet a four-mile drive home. 

Thank God for the Missionary Spirit! 
* <f> 4> 

Manchester College Through J. H. Mor- 
ris Talks About Heroism at Home 
that Has a Good Ring to it. But 
They Are Not Neglecting the World- 
wide Field. 
Our missionary work here is yet in 

its infancy. We hope that we may feed 
it the proper food for rapid growth. 
Some of our people are interested in 
foreign and some in home missions. 
The class interested in foreign missions 
is small, compared to the class interested 
in home missions. These home mission- 
aries are fighting a winning battle 
against the saloons and club-rooms. 
Talk about heroism! These home mis- 
sionaries are the true heroes. They are 
fighting against the saloon and the 
gambling house and the overthrow of 
Sunday. They are standing for the 
home, they are strengthening the 
schools, they are pioneers blazing their 
way through the forest and they are the 
ones who will be looked upon as the 
Pilgrim fathers of the great West. We 
sincerely hope that our cities, towns and 
villages will soon be free from those 
dens of vice. Manhood is at a premium 
and such places do not build man up 
physically, mentally nor spiritually. 
The sooner we can get rid of them, the 
sooner we will have stronger, purer men 
and women. 

On Friday evening, Feb. 3, the Bible 
Society rendered its regular monthly 
missionary program. It consisted of 
well-selected and appropriate readings, 
recitations, talks and songs. After the 
program the missionary offering was re- 
ceived. This offering of three dollars 
was put into the missionary treasury. 
The missionary fund is now above eight- 
een dollars. This fund is primarily 
to aid worthy young men and women 
in their mission study in Manchester 

On Sunday, Feb. 5, Eld. A. G. Cross- 
white preached a soul-thrilling sermon 
on missions. Just before the sermon 
Sister Grace Holsinger showed by means 
of a map the different religions of the 
world and the number of people follow- 
ing each. The Christian religion has a 
very small following, compared with the 
population of the world. There is abun- 
dance of room for live missionaries. 

During the second winter term the 
Bible Classes of the College study Mis- 



[March, 1905; 

sions. The study is an interesting and 
beneficial one to all Bible students and 
doubly so to mission students. Besides 
the regular text-book work, each mem- 
ber of the class is expected to do some 
outside reading, — some books along mis- 
sionary lines. The books selected are: 
"Life of Judson," "Life of Moffat," 
" The Evangelization of the World in 
This Generation" and "Do Not Say." 
We need a Missionary Society here 
and I hope the day is not far distant 
when we shall have one. There are 
three classes of people in this church, 
the anti-mission, omission and mission. 
There are very few, if any, belonging 
to the anti-mission class, so we see that 
they must belong to one of the other two 
classes. If they don't come out on the 
side of missions, we are surely forced to 
conclude that they belong to the omis- 
sion class. If each one in this latter 
class would read the last five verses of 
the twenty-fifth chapter of Matthew, he 
would join the mission class. If all of 
that class could fully realize the condi- 
tion of the heathen people, they would 
not stand by but would be soul and 
body in the work before another year 
would pass by. We should remember 
that we have not fulfilled the scripture 
until we have done what Christ told His 
disciples just before He left them, " Go 
ye, therefore, and make disciples of all 

* * * 

A. W. Vaniman of Malmo, Sweden, Tells 
of Growth in His Own Field, and 
Expresses Joy over Success of Others. 

The December and January numbers 
of the " Visitor " are at hand. The De- 
cember number had been delayed some- 
what, and came only a few days before 
the January number. Both of them are 
brimful of good things. Sister Vaniman 
says the " Visitor " is the best mission- 
ary paper she ever saw. We see that 
it is even growing materially in size. 
This is a good indication, as it proves 
that there is a growth. Growth is the 

watchword in all that has life, as long as 
anything is growing it indicates life, and 
where it is something good it indicates 
improvement. That is a characteristic of 
the kingdom of heaven. We are glad to 
see the medical work of Dr. Yereman 
having such a good effect. Medical mis- 
sionary work has long ago passed the 
experimental stage, in working among 
the heathen. In a Christian land as this 
the opportunities are not so great along 
that line. 

Our work for the year 1904 is now at 
a close and the results are in the hands 
of the great Judge. When we look back 
over the work of the year, we see bright 
and dark spots. Three have been bap- 
tized in Denmark and seven in Sweden. 
In Denmark there have been no losses 
either by death or expulsion, so that the 
gain is three. In Sweden, we have lost 
some by removal and expulsion, so that 
our gain here is very little if any in 
numbers. But the duty of us, as serv- 
ants, is to sow the seed and trust to the 
Lord as to its growth. During the year 
Brother and Sister Westergren left us 
and are now settled in Washington 
again. We feel their loss quite keenly. 
The visit of the American members is 
a bright spot in our memory, as one of 
the events of the past year. , Such oases 
in life's journey are an advantage to us 
as we pass along. We are glad to know 
that most of the party have reached 
their destination. 

I see in the January number that there 
is to be considerable attention given to 
the home field during the coming year. 
That is an idea that is not to be discour- 
aged. The home field needs to be kept 
up if the foreign field is to be support- 
ed. The history of every other church 
is that the foreign work has constantly 
grown, and required a continual increase 
in the necessary funds. Money and ef- 
fort spent on the home field will bring 
its reward in increased contributions. 
As we are now working in some foreign 
fields it may not be amiss to think along 
the line of working among these same 

March, 1905] 



people in America. In America there 
would be no trouble with the military- 
question that is a great drawback in 
Europe. No doubt the same amount of 
money and effort among Scandinavians 
in America would give fully as great re- 
sults as we are getting here. The work 
among the Italians in Brooklyn can easi- 
ly open the way for a mission in Italy 
some day. It is quite likely that we 
have been neglecting the foreign field at 
our doors at home entirely too much. 
The church is capable of doing much 
more work both at home and abroad 
than it is doing, but we can be thankful 
that we are growing as we are in the 
line, and when we see that we are grow- 
ing let us take courage and thank God 
that it is so. 

What is everybody's business is no- 
body's and for that reason when any- 
thing is to be accomplished along any 
line, it is necessary for some one to take 
a special interest in it. There are those 
who have a special interest in the for- 
eign field. Well and good. There are 
others who are impressed with the im- 
portance of the home field. Let these 
push their part of the work and then 
the whole work will move on. In a 
large factory no one can take an equal 
interest in all the different parts. Each 
one needs to confine himself more to his 
department. So in this work. Let each 
one push his own department, at the 
same time realizing that every depart- 
ment is important, and that the success 
of one part conduces to the success of 
all the other parts. May the coming 
year show a marked increase in work 
and results all along the line! 

♦J* ♦> *• 

D. L. Miller, of Bulsar, India, Tells of 
the Horrors of Idol Worship and the 
Simple Faith of One who has For- 
saken it for Jesus' Sake: 

Yesterday Wilbur and I called upon a 
sick native brother. On the way we 
passed by a temple where idolatrous 
worship is carried on. In the center of 
the interior stands the marble image of 

a bull, the symbol of Siva. In one cor- 
ner is a hideous image of the human 
form, life size. It is daubed over with 
red paint and it has had so much paint 
daubed over it that it is crusted in the 
most unsightly manner. Images of 
Ganesa and Krishna occupy places in 
opposite corners. In the rear is a small 
chamber in which are kept, apart from 
the rest, two symbols of the gods of 
India, of which it is a shame to speak, 
let alone to designate what they are. 

We looked into the temple, talked for 
a short time with the priest in attend- 
ance and then went on our way to the 
native village where our brother Rama- 
bhai lay sick. 

We found him in his mud hut, lying 
on a rude couch. The windowless hut, 
one among the best in the village, was 
dark inside, the only light admitted com- 
ing in from the low door. After talk- 
ing to us about his illness he said that 
since he became a Christian many temp- 
tations had come into his life, but that 
he was trusting in Christ and in life 
or death would still continue to trust 
him. Then we knelt down by his bed- 
side and had earnest prayer for the sick 
brother, commending him to God who 
does all things well. 

As we left the humble home of our 
native brother, and repassed the tem- 
ple, I reflected on the simple faith 
of this brown-skinned follower of 
Christ. Once he bowed to the hide- 
ous paint-daubed image in the temple 
and worshiped it. His mind was 
chained down by the customs of his an- 
cestry for thousands of years, who 
bowed to the same images and wor- 
shiped gods made with their own hands. 
And now he lay sick in his little hut, 
and it may be that his sickness will be 
unto death. The hideous nightmare of 
idol worship is broken and in simple 
faith he expresses his trust in Christ. 
Yonder is the idol, here is the trusting 
child of God, — weak, it is true, but still 
a child and all the dearer because of 
his weakness. What a striking con- 



[March, 1905 

What has wrought this change? The 
Son of God died to draw all men to 
Him. The missionary left his home and 
came here to bring the message, and the 
message touched the heart of this one 
time idolater and lo the change. - 

If one soul is worth more than all 
the world, then the trusting faith of this 
saved brother, whose soul is precious in 
the sight of God, is worth more than all 
the money ever spent, or that ever will 
be spent, in India for mission work. 

* 4* «8* 

Bro. Ebey, of Dahanu, India, tells in a 
Most Interesting Manner of More 
Jungle Work in the Following Letter. 
The Trip was Made in December: 

We closed November and began De- 
cember in Kainard. One day we went 
to one of the sub^villages. There are 
many cattle there. We met a number 
of cows in the road with their calves by 
their sides. These Indian cattle do not 
like the smell of strangers especially 
Europeans. Several cows started for us. 
It almost made my hair stand on end. 
The two native men started to run. I 
started towards the cattle, swinging my 
umbrella. The cows stopped and went 
the other way. I fear these Indian cat- 
tle more than the snakes. 

We found many attentive listeners in 
Kainard, but it takes patience to win 
the people for God. 

From here we returned home with the 
tent to wait for the missionary party. 
We were very glad to have reinforce- 
ments, Brother and Sister Berkebile. 

One day John and I went to Soravli 
to a party where about sixty Varleys 
were having a feast in memory of the 
dead. A number of these knew us and 
welcomed us. They were beating their 
drums and cymbals. The women were 
wailing. After a short time they in- 
vited us to speak to them. For about 
forty minutes we told them about Christ 
and the vanity of their idols. When 
we left they debated whether to go on or 
quit. The desire for liquor prevailed 

and we heard their music again before 
we got very far away. 

The morning of the 12th I arose at 3 
o'clock, and made ready tent and traps 
and left home for the jungle at 6:20 
A. M. We went about four miles, 
pitched tent, and went out in the after- 
noon. We gave our old cart-driver a 
blanket. He got down to worship me, 
but I told him to worship God. 

This was a good place to meet people. 
It is on a road where daily more than 
a thousand loaded carts of timber pass 
and many people stop for an hour or 
two. This was Karadoh. From here we 
reached Soravli, Souta, Cheri and Asva. 

Then, one rainy morning, we moved 
camp forward, about four miles to Rai- 
toli. This was a beautiful place on a 
fine little river. From here we reached 
Raukol and Debarnk. The rainy wea- 
ther caused two of our party to have fe- 
ver for several days, so our work was not 
as successful as it otherwise would have 
been. Most of the men are cutting or 
hauling timber. 

In Raukol is a peculiar object of wor- 
ship, — a tree taken and hewed square. 
The base is about eight inches, top al- 
most a point, and 21 feet high. On one 
side it was divided into sections of a 
cubit's length and teeth like saw-teeth 
carved on it. At different places as high 
as a man can reach, red paint was daubed 
on it. I want to get a photo of it some 
day, and learn what it represents. 

Here I wrote a little poem, " Sunday in 
the Jungle." I may send it some day. 

Next we went to Raushet. The fe- 
ver continued and only two of us could 
get out. I sent the sick ones home in 
the cart. One of us had to stay at the 
tent and the other go out alone. It is 
not good but we could not help it. Many 
people came for medicines. It is won- 
derful how many people one finds in 
the jungle. From here we could reach 
many villages by walking three or four 
miles. But we cannot stay. It's poor 
policy to be out with only one man. 

Through some relatives a woman and 
two men heard about the ".sahib's good 

March, 1905] 


l 79 

medicine " and walked over twenty miles 
to see me and get medicine. Faith and 
works. When they once believe in Je- 
sus, they will be workers. Poor people. 

And the women are beginning to get 
over their timidity, some even venturing 
inside the tent. That's a hopeful sign. 
To win India we must win the women. 

The cart-driver returned from taking 
John and Natha home. He brought 
word that my little ones were not well. 
It was Dec. 21. Only one man and 
sickness at home. So we arose at 2 
A. M., packed up, and started home at 
3:30. It is only 12 mil,es but I had no 
word from home for eleven days. The 
road was full of carts. We met 349 com- 
ing towards us, all empty, going to the 
jungles for timber. We passed nearly 
300 loaded ones beside the road coming 
this way. 

Owing to the work at home, business, 
and other matters, I did not get out any 
more in December. I shall know better 
from now on what is needed for touring 
work. When I start out again, I shall 
be better prepared. 

God was very good to me. I had 
very good health, not a day of fever 
and only a little cold, though I slept 
on the ground every night, had but few 
conveniences, and but few opportunities 
to bathe. 

Bless the Lord, oh my soul! 
4» <$» <$» 

Isaac Long at Jalalpor, Surat District, 
India, Relates Some Very Interest- 
ing Experiences which will be Appre- 
ciated by Everyone in the Home 
Though weary from a truly hard, yet 
in spirit most glorious, day for God, I 
write you a few notes. Our number, 
Sister Eby excepted, went to one of our 
school villages to-day, and this is Christ- 
mas. Really I do feel we went in the 
Spirit, impelled with the thought of the 
saved for the lost. I could but feel that 
our little band, several native Christians 
being with us, had caught a glimpse of 
His face who died and had tasted of the 

joy that the Incarnate One wrought for 
us by His deliverance from our sins. 

We met 50 children, mostly boys, and 
quite a number of grown people of both 
sexes. This was in our mission school 
room and these children comprise the 
school. This school has two heathen 
teachers and has been going for about 
two years and a half. These children 
know well the ten commandments, be- 
sides a good deal of Bible, gotten from 
the Question and Answer Book. Now, 
for five or six months', we have a Chris- 
tian helper in this village. He sings very 
well, though untutored, but it would do 
you good to see and hear, as before those 
children he directed the singing. It 
would thrill your soul to hear the chil- 
dren sing hymns. Our orphan children 
should know much, and do pray and 
sing well. Why not? Consider their 
training! But for these who are the 
raw heathen to sing with all their might 
God's praise, this, I say, does us good. 
Our Christian brother worker there gives 
the majority of his time to these village 
people, and I have felt that he had really 
caught the joy he might and should have, 
did God through him lead the whole vil- 
lage to the foot of the Crucified, for life. 

This village has a population of 1,100, 
and nearly all of one caste. The women 
may truly be called farmers, for with 
but several exceptions, not including 
boys and tottering old men, the women 
do all the farm work. So, while they 
are town people, they are also farmers. 
Isolated homes are not seen in India, 
as far as I have observed. These farm- 
er women give the government 3,300 
rupees yearly, as rent. They have two 
main crops and one minor, respectively 
jewari and rice, and sesamum. From 
the latter they procure oil. Crop or no 
crop, this money is to be paid. This 
year, because of no summer rain, they 
failed on rice, so have only the jewari 
crop to draw from for income. I pity 
these people. They are distressingly 
poor. And if for any cause they do not 
pay the rent, their property, already inde- 



[March, 1905 

scribably scant, is levied upon by govern- 

You may wonder where the men of 
the village are. Roughly, they may be 
divided into three equal parts. One 
part is on the railroad and bridge-build- 
ing gang, and being liable to be sent 
to any part of India, may be from 
home for months or a year. A second 
part leave families and go to Natal in 
Southern Africa. These go in search of 
a living and often remain away as long 
as six years. (And these people are 
not altogether void of love for their 
families and their villages.) The third 
part are traffickers on the sea, transport- 
ing, for eight months in the year, goods 
from section to section, often going 
quite remote from home considering 
their sail vessels. In the monsoon sea- 
sons the sea is too boisterous for this 
class, so they sit idly at home during 
this time. 

The chief man of this village is called 
Patel and is a Mussulman. He is one of 
about six families in this place. Ap- 
parently he is pleased with our school, 
supports it by sending us four of his 
five boys, and enjoys having us go to 
his village. To-day we called upon him 
for about one and one-half hours and he 
had tea served us native custom. He 
gave us a nice reception, and we enjoyed 
the visit. I took this good opportunity for 
testing him as to his view of our work. 
I sometimes, of late, have thought ev- 
ery one of us here should have the gift 
of discernment of spirit. Peter might 
find here more than one liar and more 
than one eloquent deceiver. The Mus- 
sulmen children turned out to-day, but 
usually they do not come to our Sunday 
services. They like our religion as long 
as it is God in God's name, but when 
we talk of the only all-prevailing name 
under heaven, given among men, where- 
by we must be saved, they want out. 
This Patel was in to hear us morning 
and afternoon. He looked very atten- 
tively at the cards his children received. 
(Erne gave an American Sunday-school 
card to each child.) 

This Patel, for being chief police, sher- 
iff, and general administrator of th<e 
town affairs, gets 84 rupees; small pay 
he thinks. Several besides his own fam- 
ily live with him, in all twelve in his 
family, yet he says they live on 59 ru- 
pees a year.. But they eat less than some 
Americans. He has a very nice grown 
boy for whom I have consented to write 
a recommendation, a possible help to 
his getting a job in Natal, Africa. I 
think the boy is worthy. And this, my 
little service, may keep the Patel our 
fast friend. He could do us much dam- 
age if he would. However, he is an hon- 
est and upright man. 

This village head has but one wife. 
She is his second wife. He says the Ko- 
ran allows a man as many as four. If 
he keeps more than that number he be- 
comes unholy. He confesses that if 
some had even so many, others would 
have to be old bachelors. He prays 
five times per day, though he has no 
Koran in his house. He says his Bible 
has our Old and New Testament and the 
Koran is one. His priest (fakir) died 
lately and left the village holy book in 
another village, so we did not go to see 
it. Although so few they have a mosque 
— small temple. No benches or chairs 
are in it, as usual in this country, only 
three cemented steps for the preacher 
to sit on while addressing the people. 
In one corner were many water pots. 
These have water filled in them for every 
devotee to wash his face and feet, prior 
to entering. He does this standing on 
a special front made for the purpose. 
Near by were a few very ancient graves 
with fallen slabs on them. In all, I can 
assure you that they are a zealous peo- 

A week ago, Effie and I had several 
cart rides. Wish you could have been 
along to enjoy them. The cart was 
covered all right, but was very heavy. 
One of the two bullocks in each of the 
three trips fagged. He would not go. 
It was not hard for him to kick against 
the pricks. We were in a hurry, but be- 
ing in India what could we do? Several 

March, 1905] 



times I got off the cart and shaking my 
white parasol at him, got a little chase 
on the bullock. But " the fox soon had 
no fear from the lion," so all I could do 
was to suffer him to drag along. Once 
I got the chance to straddle the tongue 
and drive. To see me brandishing the 
native " gong-pole," kicking with my in- 
effective shoe, and calling on those bul- 
locks, was quite interesting to the natives 
as well as to me. The bullocks went. 
Ruts and holes! You never saw any. 
The axle barely missed rubbing the 
ground more than once. Our skull bones 
felt as though they were shaken loose. 
Next day every muscle in our backs felt 
sore. You say, " Must be tender." Well, 
we are, for we study as yet, mostly. 
As far as I know, no white woman had 
been in the three villages we visited, 
but somehow our women always take the 
shine off the men over here, being more 
rare. Maybe you can make up a better 
reason. In these villages we visited we 
have good schools going. And seeing 
our reception, we forgot all our bumps. 
When the trip is over, and we get back, 
we are always glad for such outings. 

Dec. 25, 1904. 

* * *• 


When we purchased our plot (66x100) 
for the new church, there was quite a 
hill on it, but the owner agreed to re- 
move it at once. This has been done, 
and the improvement is so great that our 
real estate man says our plot is worth 
nine hundred dollars more to-day than 
when we bought it one month ago. 

As said in a former notice, the plot is 
paid for, and we hold a " warranty 
deed" made to the Brethren General 
Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, 
111. We now have left on hand, about 
eight hundred dollars towards the much- 
needed churchhouse. 

We are glad to say that our easy 
pledge system, which was laid before the 
"Messenger" family last December, has 
met with the approval of a goodly num- 
ber of the Father's children. Thus far 

160 have sent in their pledges for one 
dollar a year for five years. The first 
payment of one dollar came due Jan. 1, 
1905. This has been sent in (with the 
exception of a few) and due credit will 
appear in the March number of the 
"Visitor," under "Brooklyn Church 
Fund." A few parties pledged for more 
than one dollar a year, who will send 
in their first payment soon. 

As we have now entered upon the 
second year of this five year plan, the 
pledge will now read FOUR years, in- 
stead of five. 

There are over twenty thousand Mes- 
senger readers, and out of this number 
160 have sent us a five-year pledge. 
Their first payment is checked off, thus 
leaving four years to pay the remainder. 
Now how many others will join in with 
us, on this FOUR-year pledge of ONE 
dollar a year, making the first payment 
come due Jan. 1, 1906? 

Subscription Fledge for the Brooklyn 


The Lord willing, I hereby pledge to 
give as a " free will offering " to the 
LORD, ONE dollar a year for POUR 
years, said money to be used to erect 
a plain, substantial churchhouse in 
Brooklyn, New York, to be owned and 
controlled by the Brethren General 
Missionary and Tract Committee, of 
Elgin, 111. 

First payment of this pledge is due 
Jan. 1, 1906. 

Your Name, 

P. O. 

Street or R. P. D. 


Cut this pledge out and send it at 
once, without any money, to J. Kurtz 
Miller, (Sec. of building committee),. 
5901 3rd Ave., Brooklyn, New York. 
Building and locating committee: 
Eld. D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, 111. 
Eld. A. B. Barnhart, Hagerstown„ 

Eld. Jesse Ziegler, Royersford, Pa. 
Eld. M. B. Miller, New York City. 
Eld. J. Kurtz Miller, Sec. of Building 

5901 3rd Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 



[March, 1905 




All things come to Thee, O Lord, 
And of Thine own have we given Thee. 

Offerings are asked to sustain missions on the frontier in the various parts of the 
United States under the General Board, to aid the forty-seven Districts of the Brotherhood 
in their respective fields, to support the work in Sweden, Denmark, France, Switzerland and 
India. The workers on the fields labor for a support, the members of the General Mission- 
ary and Tract Committee give their services free. 

A copy of the Visitor marked " Sample " is sent to each person from whom money has 
been received within the time of the acknowledgment herewith made. Should any one 
thereby get two copies, please hand one to a friend. 

See that the amount appears properly herewith. In case it does not, write at once to 
the Committee. 

All mission funds for general work should be sent to and in the name of General Mis- 
sionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 

The General Missionary and Tract 
Committee acknowledges receipt of the 
following donations during the month of 
January, 1905: 

Ohio — $274.01. 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 
Green Spring, $15.25; Sugar 

Creek, $31.70, 46 95 

Balance of Surplus money of A. 

M. of 1903 8512 


Simon Harshman, Baltic, $1.00; 
Mrs. Lydia Bosler, Lowerville, 55 
cents; Catharine Keslar, West Sa- 
lem, $4.00; Mr. I. H. Rosenberger, 
Leipsic, $6.00; Elizabeth Ebersole, 
Leipsic, $3.00; L. E. Kauffman, 
Belief ontaine, $1.20; Joseph Kay- 
lor, Degraff, $26.75; Elias Mel- 
on, Bryan, $1.00; Hattie S. Vin- 
cent, Lima, $1.00; Jos. Barnhart, 
Santa Fe, $2.00; Solomon Long, 

Pioneer, $5.00 5150 

Southern District, Congregations, 
Salem, $23.45; Lower Twin, 

44.50 27 95 

Sunday School, 

Upper Stillwater 2 08 


Ezra Prizer, New Lebanon, 
$2.10; Philip Prizer, New Leban- 
on, $2.10; James Horning, West 
Salem, 50 cents; Emanuel Shank, 
Dayton, $1.50; Jessie K. Brum- 
baugh, West Milton, $1.20; Eli 
Niswonger, Pitsburg, $1.20; David 
Bremer, Arcanum, $1.20; Jonathan 
and Mary Hoover, $4.10; W. H. 

Folkerth, Union, $1.20, 15 10 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Ashland 30 19 


Catharine Hoffman, Middle- 
branch, $1.00; Isaac Brumbaugh, 
Hartville, $10.82; T. S. Moherman, 
Canton, $1.80; D. P. Eby, Moga- 
-dore, $1.50, 15 12 

Pennsylvania — $216.77. 

Eastern District, Congregations, 

Elizabethtown, $31.76; Indian 
Creek, $29.00; Coventry, $15.29, .. 76 05 


Solomon Fackler, Union Depos- 
it, $7.50; Abram Fackler, Union 
Deposit, $7.50; T. T. Myers, Phila- 
delphia, $1.37; E. S. Ernst, Obold, 
$1.00; A. W. Stahl, Laurelville, 
$2.00; David G. Wells, Frederick, 
$1.20; David Kilhefner, Ephrata, 
50 cents; Jos. Fitzwater, Port 
Providence, $3.00; Elizabeth Myer, 
Elizabethtown, $1.20, 25 27 

Southern District, Congregation, 

Canowago, 22 91 


H. J. and Anna Shallenberger, 
McAlisterville, $8.05; Israel G. 
Miller, Kimmel, $1.20; C. W. Reich- 
ard, Smithsburg, $3.00; D. B. My- 
ers, Idaville, $4.00; Susie Walker, 
Lineboro, $1.00; Amos P. Keeny, 
Lineboro, $5.10; Wm. C. Koontz, 
Shady Grove, 50 cents; Mary Hol- 
linger, Greenspring, $4.40; G. W. 
Roth, Greenspring, $8.77; Mrs. J. 
E. Rohrer, Waynesboro, $30.00; R. 
P. Ziegler, $1.00 67 02 

Middle District, Congregation, 

Lewistown, 2 21 


H. C. Price, Waynesboro, $2.50; 
Helen Price, Waynesboro, $1.25; 
Isaac Replogle, New Enterprise, 
$1.20; C. L. Buck, New Enterprise, 
$3.00; Alice A. Roddy, Johnstown, 
$1.00; L. Merle Hofecker, Johns- 
town, $1.00; Cora E. Hofecker, 
Johnstown, 50 cents; Roy Q. Hof- 
ecker, Johnstown, 50 cents; Jane 
Wineland, Martinsburg, $1.00; D. 
G. Snyder, New Enterprise, $1.00, 12 95 
Western District, Individuals, 

J. C. Reiman. Berlin, $1.00; J. 
C. Harrison, Vinco, $1.20; A. 
Christner, Connelsville, $1.00; H. 
L. Griffith, Meyersdale, $5.08; 
Linda Griffith, Meyersdale, $2.08, 10 85 

March, 1905] 



Iowa — $185.42. 

Northern District, Congregation, 


T. L. Kimmel, Sheldon, $3.00; 
Mr. Dan Frye, Garrison, $3.00; 
W. S. Blough, Waterloo, $4.00; 
Samuel Fike, Waterloo, $11.50; 
Eph Lichty, Waterloo, $42.50; E. 
M. Lichty, Waterloo, $3.00; N. W. 
Miller, Waterloo, $5.75; D. A. Mil- 
ler, Waterloo, $7.58; W. L. Kim- 
mel, Sheldon, $7.50; Melissa Chap- 
man, Redfield, $8.03; W. O. Tann- 
reuther, Waterloo, 50 cents; Abbie 
Miller, Waterloo, $6.25; J. J. Berk- 
ley, Waterloo, $6.00; O. J. Beaver, 
Nora Springs, $3.83; C. A. Shook, 
Greene, $3.00; John Weigle, Wa- 
terloo, $1.25; Elizabeth Albright, 

Eldora, $5.50, 

Middle District, Individuals, 

W. E. West, Ankeny, $4.18; 
Samuel Brower, Maxwell, 50 cents; 
John G. Flechner, Garrison, $6.00; 
C. S. McNutt, Adel, $1.20; J. B. 
Spurgeon, Adel, 50 cents; L. W. 
Kennedy, Eldora, $21.00; G. A. 
Moore, Eldora, $5.00; W. H. 

Blough, Garrison, $1.00 

Southern District, Individuals, 

Elizabeth Gable, Richland, $5.00; 
Chas. B. Ruth and wife, South 
English, $5.00; S. F. Niswander, 
Renfrow, $3.00, 

Illinois— $167.07. 

Northern District, Congregation, 

Pine Creek 

Sunday School, 

Cherry Grove 


A. H. Stauffer, Polo, 54 cents; 
Otho Watson, Mt. CarroH, $11.66; 
J. C. Lampin, Dixon, $5.82; Mrs. 
Elizabeth Kingery, Mt. Carroll, 
$1.00; E. P. and Alice Trostle, Mt. 
Morris, $5.42; Lizzie Shirk, Mt. 
Morris, $1.04; Flossie Barklow, 
Pearl City, $1.00; Mrs. Jennie 
Sanford, Ashton, $10.65; A. M. and 
Susie Flory, Mt Morris, $1.08; 
Susie C. Flory, Mt. Morris, $1.50; 
A. M. Flory, Mt. Morris, $1.50; 
Quincy Holsopple, Elgin, $2.50; 
Lee Boyer, Lena, $1.25; A Brother, 
Lena, $25.00; J. W. Switzer, Roa- 
noke, 50 cents; A Brother, Coleta, 
$2.50; Mary A. Gnagey, Franklin 
Grove, $1.00; Susie N. Sheckler, 
Ellisville, $1.00; Peter Harner, 


Southern District, Congregations, 

Woodland, $1.07; Oakley, $2.10, 

Cerrogordo Reading Circle, 


J. W. Switzer, Roanoke, 50 
cents; John Brubaker, Girard, 
$4.58; Matthia Lingenfelter, Can- 
ton, $5.00; Ira G. Cripe, Cerrogor- 
do, $4.58; M. Flory, Girard, Mar- 
riage Notice, 50 cents; J. W. Lear, 
Cerrogordo, Marriage Notice, 50 
cents; J. M. Shively, Cerrogordo, 
$8.75; E. H. Brubaker, Virden, 
$2.40; Elma R. Brubaker, Virden, 
$2.40; Frank Etnoyh, Cerrogordo, 
$3.33; Henry Snell, Girard, $9.00, 

Virginia— $54.12. 
Second District, Sunday School, 
Pine Creek 


A Sister, 50 cents; I. N. H. 
10 85 Beahm, Brentsville, $1.50; D. S. 
Wampler, Timberville, $7.10; J. W. 
Ziegler, Bridgewater, $1.25; Mary 
Ziegler, Broadway, $4.25; Benja- 
mine Wine, Broadway, $2.15; Mad- 
ison and Catharine Kline, Broad- 
way, 75 cents; John G. Kline, 
Broadway, $1.40; John H. Kline, 
Broadway, $7.30; Geo. N. Kline, 
Linville Depot, $1.45; Susan Wine, 
Basic City, $1.20; Ida M. Wine, 
Basic City, $3.80; Samuel Garber, 
New Market, $3.00; D. W. Wamp- 
ler, Harrisonburg, $5.00; M. R. 
Mawry, Maurertown, $2.35; Geo. 
W. Shaffer, $1.00; J. S. Garber, 
Bridgewater, $1.00; Hettie H. 
Huffman, Williamsville, 50 cents; 
Mary E. Shickel, Broadway, $1.00; 
122 19 S. L. Huffman, Churchville, $1.20; 
Lethe A. Liskey, Ft. Defiance, 
$1.20 48 90 

Texas — $51.00. 


Libbie Sprague, Brunner, $1.00; 
And old Texan and his wife, Man- 
vel, $50.00 51 00 

Maryland— $41.20. 

Middle District, Sunday School, 

Greggs 8 00 


J. C. Main, Wahlersville, 32 
cents; Wm. H. Wagner, Adrian, 
$2.29; Nannie C. Wagner, Adrian, 
$2.29; Jonas E. Flook, Broad Run, 
$1.90; Alfred Englar, New Wind- 
sor, $12.00; A. P. Snader, New 
Windsor. Marriage Notice, 50 
cents; J. M. Pringel, Gittings, 
$5.15; Geo. A. Lininger, Cove, 
$3.00; M. O. Myers, New Windsor, 
$5.75 33 20 

Washington — $39.00. 


Geo. E. Wise, North Yakima, 
$1.00 P. H. Hertzog, North Yak- 
ima, $1.00; Hubert C. Nead, North 
Yakima, $1.00; F. D. Whltaker, 
Bremerton, $5.00; Esther A. Mac- 
Donald, North Yakima, $1.00; Ira 
E. Hopkins, Dayton, $30.00 39 00 

Indiana — $40.62. 

Northern District, Congregation, 

Pleasant Grove 1 75 


John Oberholser, Wakarusa, 
$2.00; Joel Ohmert, North Man- 
chester, 17 cents; John Gnagey, 
Goshen, $2.00; Peter Troup, War- 
saw, $1.00; Lanah Hess, South 
Bend, $1.00; Louisa Cripe, North 
Liberty, 75 cents; J. O. Weybright, 
Syracuse, $2.00; J. W. Whitehead, 
Milford, $1.00: Wm. H. Kensinger, 
Nappanee, $2.70; R. W. Davenport, 
Goshen, 80 cents; J. L. Puter- 
baugh, Elkhart, $3.00 .". . 16 42" 

Middle District, Individuals, 

J. L. Minnich, Eaton, $3.00; 
Wm. B. Young, Clark Hill, $1.20; 
Mrs. Jos. Fisher, Mexico, 50 cents; 
J. G. Stinebaugh, Camden, $1.00; 
Henry Shock, Huntington, $3.00; 
E. G. Buterbaugh, North Man- 
41 54 Chester, $3.00; Jacob Klepser, War- 
ren, $1.20 14 40 

Southern District, Individuals, 
Charles Ellabarger, Cambridge 
5 22 City, $1.00; Henry Shultz, Hagers- 

39 38 

13 00 

25 00 

13 40 

75 06 

3 17 
8 00 



[March, 1905 

town, $1.20; William and Carrie 

Stout, Hagerstown, $5.80, 8 00 

Kansas — $27.75. 

Northeastern District, Congregation, 

Rock Creek church 4 05 


W. A. Kinzie, Lone Star, Mar- 
riage Notice, 50 cents; Sister Slif- 
er, Morrill, $1.50; T. A. Eisenbise, 
Morrill, Marriage Notice, 50 cents; 
Julia A. Frame, Grenola, $1.20; 
Abraham Moser, Ozawkie, $2.00, . 5 70 

Southwestern District, Congregation, 

Newton, 190 


S. M. Burns, Wichita, $2.29; 
Tena Glathart, McPherson, $1.75; 
Regina Harnish, Conway Springs, 
75 cents; Riley Brubaker, McPher- 
son, $4.79 10 58 

Northwestern District, Individuals, 

A Brother, Burr Oak, 52 cents; 
H. F. Crist, Gardner, Marriage 
Notice, 50 cents; A. J. Werten- 
berger, Marriage Notice, 50 cents, 1 52 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

John W. Fishburn, Overbrook, 5 00 

Missouri — $17.75. 

Middle District, Individuals, 

A. Wampler, Knobnoster, $1.75; 
W. B. Maxwell, Knobnoster, 25 
cents; David C. Bosserman, St. 
Louis, $1.05; L. P. Donaldson, 

Archie, 50 cents 3 55 

Northern District, Individuals, 

D. W. Sandy, Norborne, $5.00; 
N. C. Folger, Hagers Grove, $1.20, 6 20 

Southern District, Individuals, 

A Sister, Cabool, $2.00; Rebecca 

Mays, Cedarville, $1.00 3 00 


Oak Grove, 5 00 

Nebraska — $14.39. 


Falls City, $3.80; South Bea- 
trice, $1.89 5 69 


W. H. Myers and wife, Cadams, 
$7.00; A. D. Sollenberger, Pickrell, 
Marriage Notice, 50 cents; Levi 
Hoffert, Carleton, $1.20, 8 70 

Minnesota — $11.76. 


Deer Park, 5 76 


Benj. Protzman, Lamberton, 50 
cents; Joshua Schechter, Worth- 
ington, Marriage Notice, 50 cents; 
E. C. Weimer, Brainerd, $5.00, . . 6 00 

Michigan — $6.16. 


A Brother, Woodland, $5.00; Sa- 
rah Pennell, Berrien Springs, $1.16, 6 16 

West Virginia — $6.00. 

Second District, Individuals, 

Mrs. Cathom Bayse, Russell- 
ville, $5.00; Jasper Barnthouse, 
Morgantown, 50 cents; Harriet 
Bankhead, Hadam, 50 cents, 6 00 

Idaho — $5.00. 


Stephen Johnson, Greer, . . 5 00 

Oklahoma — $5.45. 

Sunday School, 

Calvary Creek, 4 25 


Wm. P. Bosserman, Goltry 1 20 

California — $4.24. 


Mary M. Hepner, Covina, $3.32; 
J. Z. Gilbert, Los Angeles, 92 
cents, 4 24 

North Dakota — $3.50. 


D. F. Landis, Williston, $1.50; 
C. S. Myers, Cando, $1.00; John 
Deal, Rosedale, Marriage Notice, 
50 cents; C. F. Boyd, Newville, 
Marriage Notice, 50 cents, 3 50 

Colorado — $1.70. 


Grand Valley, 70 


I. H. Crist, Rockyford, Mar- 
riage Notice, 50 cents; Fred Weid- 
man, Longmont, 50 cents 1 00 

Tennessee — $1 .25. 


Sallie Emmert, Rogersville, 
$1.00; B. W. Browning, Limestone, 
25 cents, 125 

Oregon — $1.10. 

A. H. Baltimore, Lebanon 1 10 

Louisiana — $.50, 

Joel Glick, Roanoke, Marriage 
Notice, 50 

Total for the month of Jan. $ 1176 76 

Previously reported 12480 42 

Total for the year so far, 13657 18 

Reported in Apr. under German 
Fund, 1 00 

Omitted in former tabernacle 
report, 10 00 

Southern Native White in July 
and Nov., ' 3 13 

In Aug. report as Washington 
Meetinghouse, 6 12 

Error in transferring amt. from 
May to June report 20 00 

Error in transferring amt. from 
Nov. to Dec. report, 746 79 

14444 22 

Error in footing of June re- 
port 18 

Error in transferring amt. 
from June to July report, . . .01 19 

14444 03 
Ohio — $79.50. 

Northwestern District, Individuals, 

I. H. Rosehberger, Leipsic, 
$16.00; Brother and Sister of Ea- 
gle Creek cong., $2.00; J. I. Lin- 
dower, Alvada, $1.00, 19 

Sunday Schools, 

S. A. Showalter's Mohican Pri- 
mary class, 7 70 

Northeastern District, Sunday Schools, 

East Nimishillen, $16.00; Pri- 
mary classes of Trotwood, $11.85, 27 85 
Southern District, Sunday School, 

Twelve scholars of Center, 
$12.00; Fern Morningstar's class 
of Donnell's Creek, $12.95 24 95 

Indiana — $59.91. 

Middle District, Sunday Schools, 

March, 1905] 



West S. S. at North Manchester, 
$12.80; Primary class of Loon 
•Creek, $4.20, 17 00 

Manchester Sisters' Aid Society, 
$8.00; Sisters' Mission Circle of 

.Summit church, $8.00 16 00 


W. H. Gaunt, Matthews 1 64 

Northern District, Individuals, 

Walter Swihart's two children, 
-$2.27; John Oberholser, Goshen, 
$3.00; Adam Kiefer, Wakarusa, 
$1.00; Hiram Roose, Wakarusa, 
$1.00; Elizabeth Ganger, Goshen, 
$1.00; Delilah Witter, Goshen, 
$1.00; I. S. and Susan Burns, Wa- 
karusa, $16.00, 25 27 

Kansas — $46.52. 

Southwestern District, Sunday Schools, 
Monitor, $16.00; Raraona, $3.49; 

:Slate Creek, $1.03 20 52 

Northeastern District, Individuals, 
Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Shirk, Lost 
-Springs, $8.00; Mrs. G. F. Blonder- 
field, Solomon, $2.00, 10 00 

Northwestern District, Congregation, 

Maple Grove 16 00 

.Pennsylvania — $44.00. 

Middle District, Individuals, 

Mrs. W. H. Blough, Somerset, 
$16.00; E. W. and M. E. Hollo- 
peter, Pentz, $5.00; Elijah Umbel, 

Markleysville, $3.50 24 50 

Eastern District, 

Philadelphia Bethany Mission, 10 00 

A Sister, Elizabethtown, 2 50 

Western District, 

Junior Society 7 00 

North Dakota — $57.90. 

Sunday Schools, 

Hebron, $16.00; Salem, $16.00; C. 
E. Dresher's class, Surrey, $25.90, 57 90 

Virginia — $41 .66. 
Second District, Sunday Schools, 

Linnville, $16.00; Bethel, $5.16, . 21 16 


M. E. and Dora Coffman, Nokes- 
ville, $16.00; Mary C. Senger, 
Bridgewater, $2.50; Annie R. Wine, 
Moores Store, $1.00; D. Saylor 
Wine, Moores Store, $1.00, 20 50 

Iowa — $32.50. 

Southern District, Sunday Schools, 
North English, $12.50; South 

Keokuk, Ollie, $8.00 20 50 


Chas. B. Ruth and wife, South 

English, $5.00; Elizabeth Gable, 

Richland, $5.00, 10 00 

Middle District, Individuals, 

Charley and Mary Pern Hood, 

Clarence 2 00 

Texas — $20.00. 


And old Texan and his wife, 
Manvel, 20 00 

Illinois — $19.20. 

Northern District, Congregation, 

Waddams Grove 11 49 


A Brother, Elgin, $2.50; Blanche 

Lentz, Elgin, $4.00 6 50 

Southern District. Sunday school. 

Woodland, Primary class 1 21 

West Virginia — $16.00. 

Second District, Individual, 

Ida S. McAvoy, Gatewood ^6 00 

Nebraska — $15.01. 


Exeter church 8 00 

Sunday School, 

Silver Lake 7 01 

Michigan — $4 . 00 . 


A Brother and Family, Lake 
Odessa, 4 00 

California — $3.50. 


Josephine Knee, Lordsburg, . . 3 50 

Idaho — $2.00. 


Mrs. Minnie Moshey, Meridian, 2 00 

North Carolina — $.40. 


F. K. Stepp, Fish Top, 10 cents; 
Martha Stepp, Fish Top, 10 cents; 
Freman Stepp, Fish Top, 5 cents; 
Freddie Stepp, Fish Top, 5 cents; 
Mattie Stepp, Fish Top, 5 cents; 
Flora Stepp, Fish Top, 5 cents; 40 

Total for the month of Jan. 
Previously reported 

Total for the year so far. . 

Error of transferring from 
July to August report 84 

442 10 
2785 59 

3227 69 

3228 53 


Ohio — $48.95. 

Northeastern District, Congregation, 


Sunday School, 



A Sister, 

Southern District, Individual, 

John Long, Bradford 


Salem, . . . 

Bethel Missionary Circle 

Virginia — $44.15. 

Second District, Sunday Schools, 

Nokesville, $18.35; Three Schol- 
ars of Ida Showalter's class, 



A Brother, Bridgewater, $5.00; 
Pearl M. Showalter, Port Repub- 
lic, $4.00, 

Sisters' Aid Society of Cooks 
Creek Cong 

First District, Sunday School, 
Peter's Creek, 

California — $40.30. 




Lizzie Pugh, Tustin 

Pennsylvania — $17.05. 

Eastern District, Sunday School, 













20 65 











10 65 



[March, 1905 


A Sister of Elizabethtown 
church, $2.50; A. W. Stahl, Laurel- 

ville, $1.00, 2 50 

Western District, Sunday School, 

Purchase Line, 1 90 

Southern District, Individual, 

J. Y. Kreps, Troxelville 1 00 

Colorado — $7.75. 

Congregation, _ _ 

Grand Valley, ■ 7 75 

Michigan — $4.00. 

Woodland Sisters' Aid Society, . . 4 00 

Nebraska — $3.00. 


J. E. Jarboe, Red Cloud, 3 00 

Maryland — $2 . 80. 

Western District, Congregation, 

Fairview 280 

North Carolina — $2.61. 


A. B. Coker, Seven Springs, 
$1.00; P. L. David and wife, Seven 
Springs, 75 cents; W. H. Gaylord, 
Seven Springs, 25 cents; N. N. 
Garst, 61 cents, 2 61 

Missouri — $2.60. 

Northern District, Sunday School, 

Plattsburg, 2 60 

Illinois— -$2.50. 

Northern District, Individual, 

A Brother, Elgin, 2 50 

Oklahoma — $2.00. 


Mrs. A. B. Miller, Thomas, $1.00; 
Mrs. J. L. Smith, Thomas, $1.00, . 2 00 

Indiana — $2.00. 

Northern District, Individuals, 

A Brother, North Liberty, $1.00; 
Mrs. Linnie H. Landig, Nobles- 
ville, $1.00, 2 00 

Washington — $1.00. 


Libbie Bates, North Yakima, . . 1 00 

Idaho— $1.00. 


Mrs. Minnie Moshey, Meridian, 1 00 

Total for the month of Jan. 
Previously reported 



Total for the year so far 
Error in footing in June re- 






Ohio— $5.00. 

Northwest District. Individual. 
W. P. Lentz, Herring 



Illinois— $2.50. 

Northern District. Individual. 
A Brother, Elgin, 



Indiana — $2.50. 

Middle District. Individual. 

Ida L. Sink, Flora, $1.00; W. 
H. Gauntt, Matthews, $1.50, ..... 2 50 

Iowa $1.49. 

Middle District. Individual. 

John Rudy, Liscomb, 1 49 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Eastern District. Individual. 
A. W. Stahl, Laurelville, . . . 

Missouri — 50 cents. 

Southern District. Individual. 
Nannie A. Harman, Denlow, 

1 00 


Total for the month of Jan. . . $ 
Previously reported, 

12 99 
118 75 

36 49 
2 85 

7 00 

14 00 

Total for the year so far, . . .$ 131 74 


Pennsylvania — $60.34. 

Eastern District. Congregation. 

Big Swatara, $31.70; Peach Blos- 
som, $4.79, 

Sunday school. 

Fairview, $2.85, 


A Sister, Elizabethtown church, 
$2.00; D. G. Hendricks, Chester, 


Middle District. Individuals. 

Earl Spencer, Scalp Level, $5.00; 
Sarah Guyer, New Enterprise, 
$1.00; Clara Guyer, New Enter- 
prise, $1.00; D. T. Detwiler, New 
Enterprise, $1.00; Mrs. Hannah 
Replogle, New Enterprise, $1.00; 
Isaac Replogle, New Enterprise, 
$2.00; Mary Replogle, New Enter- 
prise, $2.00; Maggie Replogle, New 
Enterprise, $1.00, 

Iowa— $41.40. 

Middle District. Sunday school. 

Panther Creek, 


Charley and Mary Hood, Clar- 
ence, $12.67, 

Southern District. Sunday school. 

A Teacher and class of young 
sisters, of English River, $12.60,. . 

Fairview, $2.48 

Northern District. Individuals. 

Sarah and David Brallier, $5.00, 

West Virginia— $17.76. 

Second District. Individuals. 

M. P. Stauffer and wife, Sut- 
phin, $3.00; Milton C. Czigan, 
Spurgeon, $3.00; Frank Sanger, 
Bays, $1.00; Nora Henly, Bays, 
$1.00; Mary McAvoy, Bays, $3.00; 
Joe McAvoy, Bays, $1.00; Willie 
Cale, Bays, 36 cents; Martha Oti- 
man, Bays, 50 cents; Henry Clow- 
ers, Bays, 75 cents; Joe McAvoy, 
Bays, $1.15; Virgil McAvoy, Bays, 


Texas — $10.50. 

An Old Texan and his Wife, 
Manvel, $10.00; Mrs Kezia Smel- 
ker, Kemp, 50 cents 

Washington — $10.00. 


Ira E. Hopkins, Dayton, $10.00, 

Colorado— $7.25. 


Grand Valley, $7.25, 

Illinois— $5.00. 

Northern District. Individual. 
Emma Carstensen, Elgin, $5.00, 












cents; Alice Turner, $1.00; Clara Turner, 
$1.00; Roy Kennedy, $4.00; Ida Kennedy, 
$2.00; Buelah Stickler, 50 cents; Icie Gil- 
bert, $1.20; Blanche Button, 25 cents; Vel- 
ma Doak, $1.25; C. B. M., $4.00; collection, 
$10.67; total, $29.62. Beaver S. S., per Miss 
Susan K. Powers, $4.53. Harlan S. S., per 
A. H. Replogle: Julia Strohm, $1.00; Mary 
Obrecht, $1.00; Martin Replog-le, 50 cents; 
May Replogle, 50 cents; Richard May, 50 
cents; Morris May, 50 cents; unknown, 10 
cents; total, $4.10. A. Schwab, Grundy 
Center, 50 cents. Ollie S. S., per Carrie 
Shelly: Stella Brower, $1.65; Galen Brower, 
$1.00; Cora Lough, $1.00; Vera Wonchilick, 
$1.35; Glenwood Wonchilick, 75 cents; Dil- 
mer Wonchilick, 25 cents; Velma Davis, 
$1.00; Claude Watson, 65 cents; Clarence 
Heilman, 75 cents; Jessie Gillam, 60 cents; 
Willie Gillam. 60 cents; Mary Butter, 35 
cents; Carrie Shelly, $1.00; birthday money, 
52 cents; total, $11.47. Ivester S. S., per 
F. O. Sellers, Grundy Center, $40.76. Dal- 
las Center S. S., per Daniel W. Wise: Bue- 
lah Wolgamuth, $1.00; Lucille Royer, $1.00; 
Iva Sipling, $1.00; Irma Sipling, $1.00; Ruth 
Eikenberry, $1.25; Ethel Eikenberry, $1.05; 
Charley Wise, $1.00; Harry Wise, $1.00; 
Glen Rowe, 85 cents; John Rowe, 85 cents; 
Orpha Bechtel, 70 cents; Walter Bechtel, 
75 cents; Rudy Royer, 50 cents; Orville 
Royer, 50 cents; Harvey Moser, 50 cents; 
Bessie Wise, 60 cents; Martha Wise, 60 
cents; Bertha Wise, $2.40; Maud Sehman, 
$2.00; Fern Eikenberry, $1.50; Goldie Rowe, 
$1.05; Ola Buterbaugh, $1.00; Orpha Rowe, 
$1.00; Nina Waters, 75 cents; Mosie Wise, 
$2.00; Ray Sehman, $1.00; Willie Robinson, 
$1.25; Joe Rowe, 75 cents; Floy Rohde, 
$1.00; Abbie Royer, $2.15; Clarence Buter- 
baugh, $1.35; Ollie Eikenberry, 65 cents; 
Samuel Wise, 80 cents; total, $34.71. Cur- 
lew S. S., per E. C. Whitmer, $14.00; Wa- 
terloo S. S., per Lottie E. Shick, $9.60; 
East Kingsley S. S., per A. W. Martins- 
dale, Pierson, $15.00. 

Indiana. — Galen B. Bolinger, Shipshewa- 
na, $1.00; Oasis S. S., of Smithville, per 
Jane Allen, $4.20. North Liberty S. S., per 
Chas. C. Cripe: Ellsworth Witmer, 25 
cents; Galen Cripe, 25 cents; Maynard Rob- 
ertson, 25 cents; Early Borton, 25 cents; 
Wilbur Stover, 25 cents; Howard Franken- 
berry, 50 cents; Harry Miller, 50 cents; 
Daniel Crowl, 25 cents; Clemmy Mamerion. 
25 cents; Irene Beaumont, 25 cents; Alma 
Robertson, 50 cents; Mary Hildebrand. $1.- 
50: Charles Cripe, 50 cents; total. $5.75. 
Middlebury S. S., per Fanny Bolinger, $6.- 
61; Julia A. Mock, Plymouth, $1.18. Vin- 
cennes S. S., per Elizabeth J. Fowler: Oma 
Obenchain, $1.00; Lizzie Obenchain. $1.00; 
Oda Gerhart, $1.00; May Gerhart. $1.00; 
Flora Moore, $1.00; Leland Jones. $1.00; 
Quinter Calvert, $1.00; Lizzie Calvert. $1.- 
00: George Calvert, $1.00; David Calvert. 
$1.00; Walter Calvert, $1.00; Reba Fowler, 
$1.00; James Jellison, $1.00; Clara Doug- 
lass. 50 cents; Minnie Leech. 25 cents; 
George Fowler, 25 cents; Grace Crofford. 
?>5 cents: Daly Crofford, 35 cents: total. 
$14.70. Josiah Garber, North Webster. 
$3.00; Eel River S. S., of Claypool. per 
Amos Freed, $25.00. New Paris S. S.. per 
Halvin Cripe: Roy E. Cripe, $1.80; Edith 
Wevbright, $1.00; Lydia Rodebaugh, $1.50; 
Ottie Ullery, 50 cents; Vesta Cripe, $1.00: 
Ottis Cripe. $1.00; Ethel Schudder. $3.00; 
Ruth Mourhous. $1.65; Floyd Schudder. 
$3.00; Frank Culler, 75 cents; Floyd Roda- 
oaugh. 50 cents; Thorold Geyer, $2.00; Wil- 
lie Weybright, 20 cents: total, $17.90. 
Uarkle S. S., per Edwin Eikenberry: Harry 
"'line, 50 cents; Tressa Hinkle, 50 cents; 

Frank Hinkle, 50 cents; Bennie Heaston, 
$8.00; Mary Heaston, $3.00; Elsie Heaston, 
$3.00; Clara Heaston, $1.00; Erne Hite, 50 
cents; Carl Bare, 75 cents; Pearl Brum- 
baugh, 50 cents; Jesse Henderson, 25 cents; 
Paul McGuffy, $1.00; total, $19.50. Howard 
S. S., per Mattie Greider, Kokomo: Mattie 
Greider, 75 cents; Bessie Greider, $3.60; 
Ida Brubaker, $2.62; Mertie Eikenberry, 
$1.50; Cora Eikenberry, $1.50; Blanche Jen- 
kins, $1.25; Emma Spitler, $1.00; Lestie 
Ridgway, $1.00; Cosey Henry, $1.00; Murle 
Burns, $1.00; Dulcie Burns, $1.00; Gladis 
Flory, 87 cents; Grace Bock, 80 cents; Reed 
Burns, 75 cents; Fred Burns, 75 cents; 
Willie Flora, 70 cents; Goldie Henry, 60 
cents; Hazel Cooper. 50 cents; Roily. Brein, 
50 cents; Paul Burns, 50 cents; Eva Coop- 
er, 50 cents; Chalmer Brubaker, 50 cents; 
Fey Brubaker, 50 cents; Leland Eikenber- 
ry, 35 cents; Virgil Eikenberry, 35 cents; 
Eva Eikenberry, 35 cents; Nellie Eiken- 
berry, 35 cents; Mary Brubaker, 35 cents; 
D. C. Campbell, 25 cents; Landon Cunning- 
ham, 20 cents; Ira Cunningham, 20 cents; 
total, $25.99. Cedar Creek S. S., of Garrett, 
per D. E. Hoover, $7.15; Demas D. Heim, 
North Liberty, $2.00; Mabel Horner, Lima, 
$1.40. Walnut S. S.. per L. F. Miller: J. 
Thomas, 50 cents; Alma Markley, $1.00; 
Grace Miller, $1.02; Orren Miller, $1.02; 
Myrtle Markley, 50 cents; Ray Boody, 25 
cents; Mertie Rohner, 35 cents; Hazel Roh- 
ner, 35 cents; Vada Jones, 30 cents; total, 
$5.28. Laporte S. S., per Wm. Merchant. 
Orton Carpenter, 35 cents; Ada Carpenter, 
25 cents; Albert Merchant, $1.00; Elva Mer- 
chant, $1.00; Agnes Merchant, $1.00; Arthur 
Keene, $1.00; Daisy Replogle, 25 cents; 
Glen Fail, 25 cents; Neva Fail, 25 cents; 
Volna Cross, 25 cents; Fannie Hock, 50 
cents; Earl Wing, 40 cents; Anna Carpen- 
ter, 15 cents; Lulu Carpenter, 15 cents; not 
classified, 20 cents; total. $6.90. Union 
City S. S., per Chas. E. Mikesell, $26.87; 
Anna Neptune, Mt. Carmel, $2.00. Union 
City S. S., per Pearlette Onkst: Forest 
Noffsinger. $1.00; Ruth Noffsinger, $1.00; 
Kid Noffsinger, $1.00; George Noffsinger. 
$1.00; Roy Noffsinger, $1.00; Mary Noff- 
singer, $1.00; Glennie Simmons, 50 cents; 
Prudence Manges, $1.10; Paul Netzley, $1.- 
40; Carl Brooks, 85 cents; Salome Sauter, 
$1.00; Rebecca Hay, $1.30; William Netzley, 
$1.80; not classified, $1.05; total, $15.00. 
Nappanee S. S., per Edward J. Pippenger, 
$8.40. Yellow River S. S.. of Bourbon, per 
Mrs. D. M. Lemon: Ethel Greer, 90 cents; 
Ray Seymour, 35 cents; Walter Parks, 50 
cents; Nettie Joseph, $1.00; Gladie Joseph. 
$1.00; Paul Joseph, $1.00; Ethel Deveny, 
$1.60; Ada Barnhart. 25 cents; lone Shive- 
ly, $1.00; Walter Shively, $1.00; Lulu Yazel. 
$1.00; Orville Yazel. $1.00; Owen Price, 25 
cents; Nora Price, 25 cents; Willard Sel- 
lers, 50 cents; Dan Markley. 50 cents; Fay 
Seymour, 50 cents; Mabel Seymour, 50 
cents; Jennie and Rose Commons, 35 cents; 
general collection, $4.72; total, $18.17. 
Bessie M. Miller, Huntington, 75 cents; 
Lloyd Cripe, Middlebury. $1.25: Millie Zim- 
merman. Middlebury, $1.25; William H. 
Weybright, Syracuse. $1.00. Cedar Lake 
S. S., of Avilla, per Clara E. Haynes: 
Verda Haynes, $2.00; Harold Ullery, $1.50; 
Walter Elridge, 50 cents; Eddie Elridge, 50 
cents; Nellie Elridge, 50 cents; Etta Ullery, 
50 cents; Walter Budd. 25 cents; Otto Pal- 
mer. $1.00; Dora Elridge, 50 cents; Mabel 
Ullery, 50 cents; Clarence Ullery, $1.50; 
Allen Foote, 50 cents; Warren Budd, 25 
cents; Ruth Stair, 10 cents; Ellen Elridge. 
10 cents; Martha Ullery, $1.00; total. $11.- 


West Virginia. — Grace K. Leatherman, 
Old Fields, $1.00. Roses Chapel S. S., of 
Fairmont, per D. W. Keits: Elby Nusum, 
$1.25; Vernie May Keits, 50 cents; Martha 
Keits, 50 cents; Etta Nusum, 50 cents; 
Lizzie Knight, 46 cents; Eliza Griffith, 25 
cents; George Carpenter, 25 cents; Charles 
Knight, 25 cents; total, $3.96. Maggie C. 
Hartman, Purgittsville, 50 cents; Laura E. 
Leatherman, Purgittsville, $1.00; Sarah 
Cunningham, Purgittsville, 50 cents. Eg- 
lon S. S., per Virgie Judy: Ollie Jones, 50 
cents; Revie Jones, 50 cents; Elsie Biser, 
25 cents; Osie Biser, 25 cents; Harry Fike, 
25 cents; Henry Fike, 25 cents; Delia Fike, 
25 cents; Ollie Fike, 25 cents; Otto Beck- 
man, 15 cents; James Helmic, 25 cents; 
Russel King, 25 cents; Effie Fike, 50 cents; 
Sylvia Slabaugh, 30 cents; Cora Hamstead, 
50 cents; Audra Judy, 50 cents; Lester 
Judy, 50 cents; Jonas Judy, 50 cents; Vir- 
gie Judy, 50 cents; Peter Humstead, 61 
cents; Charles Humstead, 61 cents; total, 

No State Given. — Mrs. M. B. Fisher, in 
behalf of S. S., $2.00. ' 

Wisconsin. — Chippewa Valley S. S., of 
Mondovi, per Marie Baker, $5.50. Ash 
Ridge S. S., of Viola, per J. M. Fruit: 
Joy Eckleberry, $1.10; Mabel Eckleberry, 
$1.10; Mary Eckleberry, $1.10; Glen Eckle- 
berry, $1.10; Emil Shepherd, 37% cents; 
Lowell Shepherd, 37% cents; May Fruit, 
25 cents; John Fruit, 25 cents; Lillie Look- 
er, 50 cents; Lottie Looker, 50 cents; Ray 
Looker, 50 cents; Roscoe Looker, 50 cents; 
later report, $1.70; total, $9.85. 

Oregon. — Myrtlepoint, Zelia Barklow, 
50 cents; Paul Kreps, Independence, $1.50; 
Z. F. Webster, Talent, 55 cents. 

Washington. — Wm. F. Wenrick, Mesa, 

Kansas. — Sabetha S. S., per Rosa Bohn: 
Earl Sperline, $2.00; Oliver Ort, $1.35; 
Ethel Rachus, 50 cents; Esther Rachus, 50 
cents; Thelmis Hoover, 60 cents; Carrie 
Ort. 50 cents; Florence Kinne, 50 cents; 
James Kimmel, $1.00; Mildred Fouse, 50 
cents; Katie Mishler, $1.00; Lizzie Lichty, 
$1.00; Rose Bohn, 75 cents; Johnnie Spick, 
$1.50; total, $11.70. East McPherson S. S.. 
per Mrs. E. Anderson, $5.00; Newton S. S., 
per Mrs. O. L. Cramer, $16.63; Ada Delp, 
New Murdock, 75 cents; Vermillion S. S., 
of Beattie, per Eva L. Frantz, $2.00; Mc- 
Pherson S. S., per J. C. Higgins, $4.20; 
Esther Kintner, Pawnee, $1.50; Earnest C. 
Root, Eudora, $2.00; McPherson S. S., per 
F. A. Vaniman, $6.98; Lena Hodgden, Erie, 
60 cents; East McPherson S. S., per J. C. 
Higgins, $5.67. 

Tennessee. — C. S. Lutlbetter, Rogersville. 
50 cents. 

Maryland. — Burkettsville S. S., per Geo. 
V. Arnold: Oleva Moser, $1.00; Cora Funk, 
$2.00; Esty Guyton, $1.00; Maggie Arnold, 
$1.00; Goldie Guyton, $1.00; Russel Guy^ 
ton, $1.00; George Arnold, $3.00; Bruce Kep- 
ler, $3.00; Eli Mowen, $1.50; Tommie Ar- 
nold, $1.50; Edgar Beachley, $2.00; Sallie 
Wallace, 50 cents; total, $18.50. Mrs. 
Katie S. Grossnickle, Boonsboro, 12 cents; 
Union Bridge S. S., per Anna W. Hutchison, 
$5.00; Ruth E. Klein, Johnsville, $2.00; 
M. R. Baker. Grimes, $1.00. Brownsville 
S. S., per George W. Fouch: David B. 
Fouch, $1.00; Maltby Younkins, 25 cents; 
George W. Haetzle, 50 cents; Joseph Mul- 
lendore, • $1.00; Roy Haetzle, 25 cents; 
Clarence Garden, 50 cents; Leon R. Fouch, 
$1.0,0; Wilbur Jennings, 50 cents; Luther 
Garden, 25 cents; John Jennings, 40 cents; 
Willie Fouch, 20 cents; Joseph Garden, $2.- 
50; Howard Deener, 75 cents; Willie Brown- 

Yourtee, 25 cents; Nellie Wolf, $1.50; Nellie 
Jennings, 75 cents; Lourd Jennings, 25 
cents; Lula Garden 25 cents; Laura E. 
Jennings, $1.50; Anna M. Jennings, 10 
cents; Edith Wolf, $1.00; Angie Slifer, $1.- 
00; May Brown, 10 cents; total, $15.85. 

Virginia. — Elsie Click, Bridgewater, 50 
cents; Middle River church of New Hope, 
per I. Newton Click, $15.65; L. R. Deeter, 
Bartonville, $1.00; Stonewall S. S., of 
Burkstown, per Joseph E. McLaughlin, 
$13.54; Carrie B. Miller, Moores Store, $3.- 
00; Mt. Joy church, of Buchanan, per A. F. 
Pursely, $2.00; Timberville S. S., per Anna 
R. Roller, $1.50: Miss Sue Shaffer, of Trout- 
ville S. S., $7.00; Beaver Creek S. S., per 
A. S. Thomas, $14.72; Mt. Zion S. S., of 
Cherry Grove, per John R. Kagey, $14.01; 
Long S. S., per A. F. Sours, $5.25. 

Pennsylvania. — Carson Valley S. S., of 
Duncansville, per F. Pearle Benner, $5.00; 
Bolivar S. S., of Robinson, per W. J. 
Brendlinger, 85 cents; Boucher S. S., per 
John Wolford, $8,43 ; Kimmel S. S., per 
Herman Baer, $2.18. Maple Grove S. S., of 
Keota, per Sarah A. Burger: Maggie and 
Nina Glaze, $3.05; Lloyd, Earl and Bessie 
Rairden, $4.00; Elliot and Meda Thomas, 
$2.00; Merle Thomas, 80 cents; Rollie 
Smith, 40 cents; Johnnie Miller, 25 cents; 
Neta and Bessie Stamp, 50 cents; Lula and 
Alva Burger, $1.00; Sallie, Nora and Pearl 
Back, $2.00; total, $14.00. Carson Valley 
S. S., of Duncansville, per L. B. Benner, 
$8.00; Saxton S. S., per G. H. Dilling, $1.- 
30; Bethel S. S., of Sabula, per Oran Fyock, 
$5.00; Clover Creek S. S., per J. C. Freder- 
ick, $10.00; Purchase Line S. S., per S. L. 
Fyock, $12.83. Palmyra S. S., per Irvin 
S. Hoffer: Hilda Est, $1.51; Ruth Est, $1.- 
50; Christian Est, $1.50; Edna Hoffer, $1.- 
50; Violet Hoffer, $1.50; Helen Hoffer, $1.50; 
Emma Hoffer, 50 cents; Lydia Gibble, $2.- 
53; Henrietta Cassel, $1.00; Grant Cassel, 
$1.00; Mabel Blouch, $1.00; Harry Blouch, 
$1.00; Milton Blouch, $1.00; Amos Blouch, 
$1.00; Mary Longanecker, 20 cents; Katie 
Shelley, 10 cents; total, $18.34. Pentz S. 
S., per E. W. Hollopeter, $14.00; Homer 
Harrison, of Vinco, 75 cents; Ralph R. Har- 
rison, Vinco, $1.00; Earl R. Harrison, Vinco, 
$1.25; J. K. Keller, Tolna, 76 cents; Irvin 
Kelly, of Rosenthal, 50 cents; Huntsdale 
S. S., of Carlisle, per W. H. Kough, $10.00. 
Huntsdale S. S., per H. R. Miller: Mary 
Cockley, $1.50; John Martin, $1.50; Ruth 
Kreider, $1.25; Helen Miller, $1.20; Anna 
Hollinger, $1.00; Harold Evans, $1.00; Ad- 
dison Sheller, 69 cents; Bertha Kough, 75 
cents; Albert Kough, 65 cents; Clark Line, 
50 cents; Anna Eckenrode, $1.00; Joseph 
Miller, $1.00; Lee Hefflefinger, 75 cents; 
Garber Williams, 50 cents; total, $13.29. 
May Peck, Bills, $1.00. Pleasant Grove S. 
S., per Mrs. George E. Reitz: Merle Ray- 
man, $1.75; Willie Rayman, 70 cents; 
John Walker, $1.00; Sadie "Walker, $1.00; 
Elsie Schrock, 75 cents; Stella Reitz. 
$1.25; Jennie Williams, 40 cents; Cor- 
dia Williams, 40 cents; Leo Williams, 
40 cents; Tommie Williams, 40 cents; 
Ida and Elsie Brant, 25 cents; James and 
Elsie Trent, 50 cents; Grace Rayman. 60 
cents; Carrie Stutzman, 15 cents; Emma 
Reitz, 90 cents; Anna Sorber, 10 cents; 
Lloyd Reitz, $1.20; total, $11.75. Lewis* 
town S. S., per Maud L. Rudy, $2.51 
Druidsville S. S., per J. W. Rummel: Sadig 
Blough, $1.50: Anna Blough, 75 cents; Ren- 
na Blough, 50 cents; Ira Blough, 50 cents* 
Earl Thomas, 50 cents; Ira Laher, 50 cents; 
Willie Rummel, $1:00; Paul Rummel, 75 
cents; Willie Stevens, $1.25; Calvin Gilbert, 
$1.00; Olive Gilbert, 75 cents; total, $9.00. 

RAY to be blind to the world's strong glare; 
Pray to see brightly the clear heaven above; 
For they are highest on its throne of love, 

Who most for God in this dark world will dare. 

Before us goes the strong incarnate Word; 

In Him the weak ones overcome the strong; 
Thus in His strength the Cross is borne along; 

Thus onward sweep the armies of the Lord. 

— Rawe3. 


The Missionary Visitor. 

Vol. VII 

APRIL, 1905 

No. 4. 

A Weakening Element in City Missions. 

By The Editor. 

It is difficult to comprehend what all 
was couched in the third temptation of 
the Master in the wilderness. There was 
the Son of God, with a heart yearning 
to see all the kingdoms of the world 
become subject to His Father's will. 
Years had slowly tramped by, as in the 
carpenter shop He labored and thought 
how He would like to bring all men in 
humble homage to the Father in Heaven. 
Every cut of His saw and every shaving 
from His plane was saturated with that 
thought. Every crowd that passed His 
father's shop, every soul that stopped 
to gaze therein or to speak a word ap- 
pealed to Him in this manner. These 
were but types of the great world in 
which Jesus was and through them He 
saw fully the wonderful world-wide need 
of a Redeemer. 

The hour had come when Jesus should 
take His stand for the saving of man. 
He is baptized, spirit-filled and acknowl- 
edged as the Son. 

Now on the top of that high mountain 
all the kingdoms of the world for which 
He had been yearning came before Him. 
And Satan was there to try the Master 
in the points of His stronge. t and no- 
blest desires. 

" Just give me a little homage, a little 
consideration, and all these," the king- 
doms which the Master longed for, 
" shall be yours." 

What a temptation! In perfect accord 
with the final purposes of the Master's 
heart! How strange that He should 

turn these kingdoms all aside and the 
tempter with them! What a choice! 
Here they were offered. But no. In- 
stead Jesus would teach three and a half 
years, suffer, bleed, die, ascend and then 
wait and wait and wait, — lo, He has 
waited now over 1,900 years and yet the 
kingdoms for which His heart had 
yearned are not under his domination. 
Why did He thus choose? Simply be- 
cause He wants the love of all those 
worshiping Him and the Father. He 
would take the longer road of love, rath- 
er than the shorter one of compromise 
with sin and evil. 

There are lessons in this for the work 
of the church to-day. 

Every member is led to the top of 
the mountain for this same temptation. 
This is especially true of the minister, 
the elder and the bishop. Here the devil 
meets him, shows *him the fields of his 
highest purposes for the church: points 
out the thousands within his range who 
are dying unsaved, and then says to him, 
" These I will give you for the kingdom 
if you will just compromise your mes- 
sage. Peculiar doctrine, that makes men 
Christ-like, don't preach. If you don't, 
people will flock to the fold. You must 
not preach the condemnation of sin, even 
if the Spirit is here to convict men of 
sin, for that might offend the tastes and 
sentiments of too many people. Don't 
cross their ambitions, desires, greed, 
worldliness, selfishness. No, don't do 
this, for as sure as you do, people will 



[April, 1905 

not come into the fold. A better way 
and one that will bring them quickly is 
to speak mildly and compromise every- 
where you can. 

And the church thus led, wonders why 
she has lost her power. She feels the 
work of salvation costs too much, mis- 
sions are a failure, the Gospel, is for a 
few in the country and is not adapted for 
the city, and all such notions that are 
born of the faithlessness of men and not 
according to the Word. Pity such min- 
isters! Pity such members. Would 
God that these same could in Christ's 
spirit say, " Get thee hence, Satan, I will 
make more sacrifice and endure more for 
His dear sake." 

City missions are not solved yet. It 
is not the fault of the city, its people, its 
needs. The city is the devil's headquar- 
ters and to take the Gospel there means 
a bigger conflict than in the country. If 
the church is looking for an easy job, she 
will stay in the country. If she is cour- 
ageous, full of faith, willing to' sacrifice, 
to die that souls be saved, then the city 
presents the greatest opening in the 
world. Paul said of Ephesus when in 
the height of her wickedness, " a great 
and effectual door is open for me." If 
the city is won, a world-wide victory for 
Christ is assured. 

The work of the church in the city 
is slow for several reasons. 

First. The church enters upon the 
work less than half-hearted. Not the 
membership in the city is referred to in 
this statement, but in the Brotherhood 
back of the city church is where the 
fault lies. Under more favorable cir- 
cumstances than the city affords, the 
country church is far more worldly, less 
spiritual, less sacrificing than are the city 
churches. But the city church cannot 
command within herself the forces she 
needs for city evangelization. The life- 
lessness of the country churches makes 
the resources fail, and the work is crip- 
pled thereby. 

Second. The great body of the Breth- 
ren to-day believes that the faith of the 
Brethren is not adapted to city needs. 

Now that body is no help to city mis- 
sions, but really a hindrance. Should 
such members chance to be in the city, 
they hide their Christianity. They talk 
that way. And the enemy of souls don't 
want a better neutralizing force in the 
world than the members who do not be- 
lieve that the message of salvation in 
its purity, simplicity, and power is 
adapted for the city. Such members 
have judged city missions by their own 
heart struggles in standing up for Jesus 
in a half-hearted way, when, if they 
stood up in fullness of heart for the 
Lord, the same service would be a joy 
in Jesus' name. 

Third. There is a portion of the 
church, entirely too large, that wants to 
take the devil's short cut of gaining the 
world for the church. They cater to 
fashion more or less, are worldly in their 
dealings, inconsistent in their lives, and 
do more to retard the work of Christ 
than they do good. They make a show 
of enthusiasm for Christ but are unwill- 
ing to take up their own crosses and 
follow Jesus as a meek and lowly One. 

But while this dark picture of the 
country church is all too vivid and true, 
it is a joy to know that there are those 
who believe that Jesus died for the city 
people as well as the country ones, that 
His power to save does reach to the ut- 
termost, and that the city people are as 
glad for salvation when it comes to them 
in its simplicity, plainness and power, as 
are any people. Such people live in the 
city churches and know its need. Their 
work is supplemented by a goodly num- 
ber in the country. They should have a 
fuller support from many, many more. 
While the work is hindered by the dead 
weight of the faithless ones, thank God* 
there are signs of victory even for those 
who are faithful. 

With all this in view, the encourage- 
ment of the faithful in our cities and 
especially Chicago at this time, the 
quickening of a deeper interest and more 
prayer in behalf of our city missions, is 
this special number of the Visitor sent 


Early History of Brethren Church in Chicago. 

By J. G. Royer, Mt. Morris, 111. 

Twenty years ago (Saturday evening 
Jan. 31, 1885) the writer, accompanied 
by Bro. D. L. Miller, then office editor 
of the Gospel Messenger, held the first 
meeting under the auspices of the Mis- 
sion Board of Northern Illinois. This 
meeting was followed next (Lord's) day 
by services both morning and evening. 
They were held in a mission hall near 
3500 State St. and were attended by 
twelve persons including the minister. 
It was ascertained by actual count that 
fourteen members were living within the 
city limits. 

With the membership in remote parts 
of the city, and a majority of them in 
very limited circumstances, it was 
deemed best to have services at two 
points on each meeting day — 3500 State 
in the morning, and near 900 W. Madi- 
son in the evening. In less than a year 
by " false brethren " a dark cloud that 
seemingly threatened the very existence 
of the little mission was brought upon 
it. From beneath this cloud emerged a 
loyal few who, with their minister, dur- 
ing the ensuing winter months, met each 
alternate Sunday in a hotel parlor on 
State Street, and later in an office on 
LaSalle St., and during the ensuing sum- 
mer months in a lodge hall on East 
Monroe St. 

On the approach of winter a hall was 
secured on the third floor at 25 East 
Adams St. Here the mission seemed to 
take on new life, and all were encour- 
aged. But in less than a year the little 
band met with another reverse that land- 
ed the loyal few in a basement on W. 
Lake. Having now, so to speak, reached 
-" rock bottom," it soon rallied and 
moved back to the hall on East Adams, 
and a year later to a church on Oakley 
Avenue, 'thence to the present place of 
worship, 183 Hastings Street. 

Thus it may be seen that the present 
prosperous church in its earlier his- 

tory was not only a portable, but at 
times seemingly a somewhat uncertain 

After moving from the basement back 
to East Adams, it was decided that the 
best way to bury all the past reverses 
would be to hold a love feast. Ac- 
cordingly, on Sunday evening, Aug. 19, 
1888, the little band met in the " upper 
room" to praise God for what He had 
done for them, and implore His grace 
for the future. Fourteen communicants, 
— nine sisters and five brethren, — all resi- 
dents of the city save the writer and 
wife, surrounded the Lord's table. A 
blessed season of grace was that meet- 
ing, giving new life and inspiration to 
the little band of faithful ones. This 
was the first meeting of the kind ever 
held in the city. 

On Sunday afternoon, March 3, 1889, 
the mission was organized into a church 
and named the First Brethren Church of 
Chicago. Elds. D. E. Price, of Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111., Daniel Dierdorf, of Franklin 
Grove, 111., and the writer, constituted 
the committee on organization. Twenty 
letters of membership were handed in, 
and their representatives composed the 
organization. Brethren W. R. Miller 
and Nathan Spare were appointed to the 
office of deacons, and the writer was 
put in charge as pastor. The organiza- 
tion services were followed by com- 
munion services, in which about forty 
communicants participated. The writer 
remained in charge of the church until 
the spring of 1895. 

Such, in brief, were the beginnings of 
the now prosperous church in Chicago. 

Let all who in any way, and at any 
time have rendered aid, rejoice in that 
their efforts, though weak and unpre- 
tentious, have been richly blessed in the 
conversion of souls and in the building 
up of the Master's cause in the great city 
of Chicago. 


Chicago Sunday-School Extension No. 1 . 

By Walter C. Frick. 

As a result of the great love that our 
Bro. Millard R. Myers has for the girls 
and boys of the city of Chicago, the in- 
terest in these same children that he has 
awakened in the hearts of the children of 
our Sunday schools throughout the 
Brotherhood, and the assistance of other 
consecrated workers, it was possible to 
open our first Extension Sunday school 
on May 10, 1903. 

The Location and Environments. 

Extension Sunday school No. 1 was 
first located in Fraternity Hall, 225 East 
64th Street. Later it was removed to a 
vacant store-room at 259j^ East 64th 
Street, about a block distant, where it is 
now located. This is a very respectable 
part of the city, near two nice, large 
parks, but removed about ten miles 
from the main school. The accompany- 
ing cut will show the beauty of this part 
of the city. It represents an apartment 
building directly across the street from 
our Sunday school, and is the home of a 
number of our girls and boys. 

The people, as a rule, are fairly well- 
to-do' and the homes are generally 
models. When this school was estab- 
lished, none of our members lived with- 
in three miles of it. Access by elevated, 
surface and suburban lines is excellent, 

Some Past History. 

After a thorough canvass of the local- 
ity, conducted mainly by the mission 
sisters, the school was opened on the 
above date with Bro. H. P. Albaugh as 
superintendent, and an attendance of 
seventeen, only eight of which composed 
a nucleus about which to build our new 
school, the other nine being members of 
our main school, ten miles away. Under 
the direction of Bro. Albaugh the school 

continued until the following October, 
when the average attendance had become 
about twenty-two. 

About October 1, Sister Ella Miller, of 
Nappanee, Ind., took active charge of 
the work, assisted by Bro. M. W. Em- 
mert, now of Mount Morris, 111., but at 
that time pursuing studies in the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, not far distant from 
our Sunday school. . Both continued 
their work until the following June. 
Starting with an average attendance of 
twenty pupils, the month preceding her 
charge here, Sister Miller had, by the 
time she left, increased the average to 
about forty, and secured an enrollment 
of about seventy-five. Industrial work 
for both girls and boys was conducted 
also, and preaching services invariably 
followed the lesson exposition. 

During a period of two months fol- 
lowing Sister Miller's and Bro. Emmert's 
resignation, the writer had charge of 
the Sunday school temporarily, and 
Sister C. Tempie Sauble, of the Van 
Buren Street Mission was chosen to 
continue the industrial work and the vis- 
iting of homes until a new mission work- 
er could be secured to take the place of 
Sister Miller, just resigned. During 
these two months the work declined 
somewhat, the average attendance at 
Sunday school having fallen to about 
twenty-five, owing to the fact that Sister 
Sauble had not the necessary time to de- 
vote to the work at No. 1. 

On August 1, 1904, Sister Alice Garber, 
of North English, Iowa, took active 
charge of the work, being reinforced 
about a month later by Sister Hettie 
Wampler, of Harrisonburg, Va. By 
September the average attendance had 
fallen to twenty-two once more, but had 
increased to thirty-nine by the end of 
the following month, about which mark 

April, 1905] 



it hovered the remainder of the year, 
owing to the cold weather and much 
sickness among our children. 

The Present. 

For the year 1905 there are enrolled to 
date, fifty-four primary pupils, twenty- 
six intermediate pupils and nine Bible 
class pupils, presided over by three 
teachers and three assistant teachers, and 
having Sister Alice Garber as superin- 

other the boys are neglected in 
the line of industrial work. Christian 
Workers' and preaching services are 
held each Sunday evening. Christian 
Workers' collection covers all expenses 
made by these auxiliary services, so that 
no funds received are applied to other 
than the Sunday-school extension work. 
Sunday school convenes at 3 P. M. By 
convening at that hour we are able to 
enroll pupils who attend elsewhere in 

tendent, making a total membership of 
ninety-five. The average attendance for 
the first two months has been about 

In connection with the Sunday school 
the Home Department is receiving much 
attention, at present embracing thirty-six 
homes and having an enrollment of 
forty-one students. Industrial work for 
the girls has been continued and the av- 
erage attendance there, so far this year, 
has been eighteen. For some reason or 

the forenoon. This arrangement gives 
our workers opportunity to attend the 
main school and the preaching service 
in the forenoon. Christian Workers' 
service begins at seven and preaching fol- 
lows immediately after. 

The Future. 

If we dare anticipate results in the fu- 
ture by those that have been achieved in 
the past, we must expect glorious results 
to attend our efforts. The field is very 



[April, 1905 

promising. Our workers are consecrated 
and in earnest. We are made to feel 
that there are a number that are under 
conviction, and two have already come 

out on the Lord's side. God bless the 
boys and girls throughout our beloved 
Brotherhood who have made it possible 
to carry on this good work. 

Our Sunday-School Extension Army. 

By H. L. Fahrney. 

This army has unlimited resources and 
power. Of what does it consist? THE 
CHILDREN of the country. 

But why they so much power? 
Among the many replies that might be 
given, we say first: Because of numbers. 
Enlisted in the Extension Army during 
the past year have been nearly thirty- 
five hundred of the Sunday-school chil- 
dren of our Brotherhood. Were all to 
stand within calling distance of each 
other, it would make a line over three 
hundred miles long. By catching hand 
in hand they would encircle a field a 
mile long and a half mile wide, which 
would be equal to two farms of one 
hundred and sixty acres each. What a 
large number of busy hands and feet. 

But think a moment of the great need 
of Chicago alone, and it is only one of 
a dozen other cities just as destitute of 
Christian influences. If each boy and 
girl were to visit one home every day, 
it would take this great band nearly four 
months to make the rounds once. Were 
all to stand along the streets of Chicago 
as Sentinels for Right there would be a 
distance of nearly a mile and a quarter 
between each one. " The harvest truly 
is plenteous, but the reapers are few." 

Our second reply: Because of the 
wide territory covered. The homes rep- 
resented by these thirty-five hundred 
children stretch from coast to coast and 
from the Great Lakes to the Gulf, rep- 
resenting nearly every State in the Un- 
ion. This rapid expansion no doubt will 
continue, and as a result of the work 
inaugurated at Chicago, some of these 

boys and girls will go as missionaries 
into every nation, bearing the glad tid- 
ings to those who bow down to gods 
of wood and stone, having neither eyes 
to see the needs of their worshipers, nor 
ears to hear their prayers. 

We now have in mind the size of our 
army, with the extensive field for opera- 
tions, so let us see what are the possi- 
bilities of its units. While the great por- 
tion live in the country, still there are 
many earnest workers in our smaller cit- 
ies, not forgetting the metropolis as well. 
Otherwise we would not do justice to 
this great work in Chicago, as we re- 
member that the first twenty-five dollars 
raised was by a few of the scholars en- 
rolled in our school, the original invest- 
ment of each pupil being one bright, 
new nickel, with fewer opportunities of 
increase by far than the majority living 
outside the great cities. 

We mention but one instance of the 
large increase accomplished with an in- 
vestment of one dime, which, while it 
is above the average, proves what it is 
possible to do with so* small an amount 
when the little hands and feet are 
spurred on by that love that loves ev- 
erybody, reinforced by a consecrated fa- 
ther and a devout mother. When ac- 
counting time came the three diligent 
workers referred to* had accumulated 
just eleven dollars each — one hundred 
and ten times as much as they had start- 
ed with. Do you know how much good 
this thirty-three dollars has accom- 
plished in the past, is accomplishing at 
the present and will accomplish in the 

April, 1905] 



Interior Sunday School Extension No. 2. 
Exterior Sunday School Extension No. 1. 

Interior Sunday School Extension No. 
Exterior Sunday School Extension No. 



[April, 1905 

future? No, God alone, with the angels 
as His recorders, can compute the final 
result, and then only when we are all 
called to that last judgment day, for the 
influence of these gifts to the Lord's 
cause must certainly extend through 
many years to come. 

And all this great work is being done 
without the least sign of pride — in that 
humble, quiet way in which God's chil- 
dren always work. In glancing over the 
reports received from every section of 
the country, one will notice almost with- 
out exception, the tenor of regret at 
not being able to contribute more to this 
fund, with a consciousness that their 
mite is not all that should be expected 
of them. They, like the raindrop, fall- 
ing here and there, that makes the 
mighty river, whose onward rush knows 
no obstacle, have their eyes and pur- 
poses fixed on one common object — the 
saving of the children who are the com- 
ing generation of church workers; whose 
privilege and duty it shall be to spread 
the joyful tidings to all the world, when 
our work is finished. None are able to 
comprehend the good our endeavors ac- 

complish, but let us not forget that in 
doing good, blessings are showered on 
the doer as well as the one to whom 
kindness is shown. 

Our third reply: Because of the in- 
fluence of the worker. Active engage- 
ment in this cause must certainly stimu- 
late sympathetic giving — one of the im- 
portant essentials in the life of every 
true Christian. Having the one aim in 
view, that of saving those who other- 
wise would be lost, the climax of our 
endeavors should be to at all times in- 
spire the little ones who bless our homes 
with the same love and earnestness for 
the lives and souls of fallen mankind 
and they, with a like consecration, will 
train their children in this great work. 

Thus must come the conclusion that 
the hope of final success lies alone in the 
future generations, who with their mul- 
tiplied thousands, taking the comforting 
influence of the Holy Spirit as their 
Guide; Jesus, who died for our sins, as 
their Example; and the Almighty Cre- 
ator of the universe as their Leader, will 
crush Satan and all his servants to dust, 
trampling them under their feet forever. 

Relation of Business Men to Church 

By Chas. E. Eckerle. 

The relationship business men should 
sustain to the church is that they should 
be servants, willing servants, ready to 
serve their Master. The minister should 
not be expected to devote his time to 
the business affairs of the church. His 
time should be allotted to direct the ef- 
fort of all that come to hear him; give 
Christians something to do that they 
may continue to work and those who are 
not Christians something to win them 
for Christ. By this means His cause 
would be more widely spread; His king- 
dom more greatly glorified and the dou- 
ble influence of the business men more 

widely felt. By this means, business 
men would not dwarf one side to the 
building up of the other, but they would 
be fully rounded men in business and in 
the church. The best men in business 
are not satisfied to do nothing. The real 
good business men can not be found in 
this class. Many business men think 
the minister is the one who should care 
for the church and so he is, but did you 
ever think of the many opportunities the i 
business men have to meet their friends 
in a Christian business way and turn 
their lives to that blessed Savior who 
(Continued on page 247.) 

April, 1905] 

Our Neighborhood. 


By M. R. Myers. 

Our neighborhood, sometimes called 
"The Black District" of Chicago, recog- 
nized by all Christian workers here as 
" The Firing Line," is truly a mis- 
sion field. The accompanying map 
prepared by the Cook Co. Sunday 
School Association shows the 22nd 
District bounded on the North by 
12th Street, on the West by Western 
Ave., and cut off on the South and 
East by the Chicago River as Dis- 
trict 22nd. 

The old mission church at Hastings 
Street stands about the center of this 
district, which extends more than a 
mile west and east from the church 
and from a half a mile north to a 
mile south. In this district are lo- 
cated approximately 150,000 people of 
which 95 per cent are burdened with 
none of the luxuries and only a scanty 
supply of the necessities of life. 

The district taken as a whole is not 
a residence section. There are no 
lawns, no backyards, no parks, nei- 
ther grass nor flowers of any kind or 
description, unless perchance a stunt- 
ed geranium or fern should grace a 
dingy window. There are very few 
paved streets. Most of the streets were 
at one time paved with blocks, which 
are now broken over and down, making 
the streets uneven. Several railroad 
tracks cross this section on their way 
out of the City and the hundreds of 
trains flying back and forth, together 
with the factories located all along the 
river give the atmosphere a coating of 
coal dust. The streets are always filthy 
as are also the sidewalks. 

The houses are old, most of them one 
story or a story and a half. In many 
districts they are crowded together so 
as to make sunshine and fresh air nearly 
impossible. The children, who read this 
article, and then run out to play in a 

whole acre of green grass, flowers and 
fruit trees, can tell better how they would 
like to spend all their play time on the 
back steps like the children are doing 
in this picture. If the people wer'e 
*«»> all nice the conditions might be 

.1,-** endured better than they can 

be under the circumstances, 
for many of the people 
— who work for low 

wages spend most 
of their money 
for drink 
and the 
m**#~r know a kind 
word from ei- 
ther father or 
mother. Only God 
can tell the good that 
the pleasant face and good 
cheer of a missionary and the 
bright Sunday-school room 
brings . to these children. This 
district. unless some marvelous 
change should take place, will always 
be a mission field, for the people living 
in the district will never be able to sup- 
port a church. It will not become a 
church home, for anyone in moderate 
circumstances would never move there 
to raise a family. It is hard to tell how 
to do the best work among these peo- 
ple. There are so many evil influences 
at work all the time that even a mighty 
effort seems feeble. I do not know the 
number of saloons, but they are on 
every corner and drunkenness is ever 
present on the street. 

Poverty, idleness, profanity, gaming 
and gambling are all here, calling out 
the sympathy and the earnest work of 
the missionary. As a mission field, this 
district offers as great opportunity as 



[April, 1905 

any section of the United States. Do 
you want to help the poor? They are 
here by the thousands and the Master 
has said, " The poor you always have 
with you, and you can do them good if 
you will." Do you want 
to feed the hungry and 
clothe the naked? Do 
you want to rescue the 
fallen men and women 
of the earth? Do you 
want to take the chil- 
dren out of the mud 
and filth and mire? 
Their prattle, their foot- 
steps, their cooing and 
crying call from the 
basement, from the 
housetop, the alley and 
the open street. Do 
you want to teach the 
Gospel to every crea- 
ture? There are multi- 
tudes here who have 
never heard the Word. 

As a home mission 
field, the 22nd District, 
sometimes called " The 
Black District " and al- 
ways known as " The 
Firing Line," offers 
work for thousands of 
consecrated, earnest, de- 
voted, Christian people. 

As a foreign mission 
field, this district offers 
excellent opportunities, 
for the largest percent- 
age of the people are 
not American born. 
Thirty-three different 
languages are spoken 
here, the Bohemian, Pol- 
ish, German, Dutch, 
Hebraic, and Italian be- 
ing perhaps the most 
common. The Presbyterian church on 
the corner of Ashland and Hastings 
Sts., has services conducted every Sun- 
day in the Bohemian language, and is 
doing foreign mission work of a far- 
reaching kind right here at home. The 

Baptist church and others are conduct- 
ing missions in Bohemian language. 
The Chicago tract society has several 
field workers among the Poles. 

Among these foreigners there is a 





growing anarchism and infidelity. They 
are not the best people from these for- 
eign countries, but the worst. There 
are at least a dozen schools conducted 
here in which children are taught open 
infidelity by catechism. They are taught 

April, 1905] 



that Jesus Christ is the illegitimate son 
of a wicked woman — Mary, — that there 
is no God and that when a man dies 
he shall never live again. Such teach- 
ing as this must be counteracted by all 
the holy hosts of earth, if either the 
Church of Christ or our homes, our 
city or our country is to prosper in the 
generations to come. 

While many of the people are nominal 
members of the Catholic church, there is 
a growing distaste and distrust in that 
hierarchy of Satan, which is a hindrance 
rather than a help to the cause. This 
is a dark picture I know, but it is not 
overdrawn one whit. 

The field must continue an active mis- 
sion center. The agencies for good now 
at work are the public schools, the Prot- 
estant missions and churches, the Uni- 
versity settlements, the Chicago Tract 
Society, Police Patrol (this latter might 
be written with a question mark after it), 
and free dispensaries. There are other 
agencies, which might be mentioned. 

In my opinion, the greatest work that 
is being done and can be done is the 
work with and for the children, and 
my prayer is that those who have re- 
ceived from the Divine Hand so many of 
the blessings of life will try to under- 
stand the needs and conditions and to 
help them all they can. 

Sunday-School Extension No. 2, 

By W. A. Dull. 

Sunday afternoon, January 10, 1904, a 
little band of God's children met and se- 
lected Bro. M. R. Myers as superintend- 
ent; thus was the third Sunday school 
of the Brethren church started in Chica- 
go. It is known as " Sunday School Ex- 
tension No. 2," and is at 466 Van Buren 
St., in a large room on the first floor of 
a four-story brick building. 

As in all new places, it took some time 
to get the work started; and for the first 
six months the attendance was mainly 
from the church at 183 Hastings St. 
Through the consecrated efforts of Sis- 
ter C. Tempie Sauble, who took charge 
of the work soon after organization, the 
school has grown in numbers until now 
the greater part is made up of those liv- 
ing near the mission. For the quarter 
ending December last the average at- 
tendance was forty-two, and with conse- 
crated effort we hope and pray that the 
coming year will bring greater results. 
The school is divided into four classes, 
all reciting in the same room. In ad- 
dition to this there is a home depart- 

ment with an enrollment of seventeen. 
We have also a Cradle Roll of seven. 
The want for preaching services is felt 
very keenly, but as yet, on account of 
the lack of ministers, we have been un- 
able to supply the need. 

Saturday afternoon at one o'clock 
Sister Sauble has children's meeting, fol- 
lowing this till three there is a sewing 
class; and from three till four the sec- 
ond class in sewing. These classes in- 
clude not only girls, but boys as well. 
The children pay for the material and 
keep the articles made. In these classes 
are represented the various nationalities 
which go to make up a great city. Pe- 
culiar to each are their religious beliefs, 
superstitions and habits of life, save one 
which is common to the majority — the 
habit of drink. This is the one curse 
that blights so many lives and particular- 
ly the helpless children. It is among 
these unfortunate ones that Sister Sauble 
distributes the clothing and shoes sent 
to the city. 

Within a block of the mission can be 



[April, 1905 

found the Chinaman, the Italian, the 
Jew, with their various religions, but in 
excess of all stands the Catholic religion. 
Here it is that our worker meets with 
so much opposition. While this is true, 
there is everything in this field for en- 
couragement to the true faithful worker 
— a great harvest" of souls worthy of any- 
one's best efforts. Could one ask for a 

greater impetus? Elijah could hardly 
wait when he saw the great work before 
him; Moses grew impatient in his prep- 
aration; and Jesus, our greatest of Sun- 
day-school workers, was happiest and 
most content when he could be among 
the unfortunate doing good. Again, 
need we ask you to share our blessings? 
" I will repay," saith the Lord. 

Origin and Prospects of the Chicago Sunday-School 
Extension Work. 

By H. P. Albaugh. 

Once upon a time the Chicago Sunday 
school cried in despair: "Where are the 
means for our needs?" This cry caused 
a committee of ways and means to be 
appointed, which, through prayer and 
deliberation, formulated a PLAN. The 
report of the committee was given back 
to the Sunday-school officials and it was 
decided to work the plan — which pro- 
posed giving each of the pupils in the 
Chicago Sunday school a new purse of 
their own and to put in the purse a 
piece of money which was to be dedi- 
cated to the Lord and returned with 
what it could be made to accumulate. 

As there was no money in the Sun- 
day-school treasury a good brother pro- 
vided enough bright new nickels to sup- 
ply each purse with one and the Sunday- 
school army went marching forth to do 
battle for the Lord by gathering in the 
pennies. After hurrying and scurrying 
and working with mind and hand for a 
number of weeks the day for final ac- 
counting came and never shall we for- 
get the blessings of that day. 

THe happiness of the pupils in giving 
and the rejoicing of the officials in re- 
ceiving were blended into one common 
expression to use the fund in such a way 
as to do the most good, and a unanimous 
decision to continue the working of the 

The needs of the home school being 
supplied the next thought was, " Why 
not pass the good work along? " and, 
" Why not invite other Sunday schools 
to share the blessings which come from 
being a party to a great good work? " 

With the teeming thousands in Chica- 
go who know not of Jesus, why miss 
the opportunity to extend the Sunday 
school that the joy may be universal and 
the blessings manifold? The church was 
counseled and the plan worked through 
other Sunday schools. After the first 
year's returns were in hand the Chicago 
church was asked to take full charge, 
and through the Sunday-school officials, 
together with the elder and pastor, has 
carried on the work since. The results 
are told specifically in the report, but in 
a general way the Home School has 
been greatly strengthened. Two new 
schools have been founded and are in- 
creasing in attendance and interest. 
There is a total Sunday-school enroll- 
ment at present of full five hundred and 
the great work has only begun. Seve'ral 
have been born into the kingdom while 
others are near. Shall this good work 
go on and on? 

We are very sure that if each Sunday 
school in our beloved Brotherhood would 
send a representative to this great 
wicked city before answering the 

April, 1905] 



above question there would go up 
from all over the land a chorus of " Yes, 
thank God, the Sunday School Exten- 
sion Work in Chicago shall go on and 
on for the glorification of His name and 
great rejoicing, in that much grass has 
been made to grow where all was a 
parched desert." 

It is sometimes hard for those who 
live in the country amid God's bounties 
to understand the desolateness and cry- 
ing needs of city folks. The physical 
side of life, the environment, the circum- 
stances of a large percentage of the in- 
habitants of the city are anything but 
what they should be, yet the same hand 
is over country and city, the same Lord 
and Master giveth everlasting water that 
springeth from the living fountain, and 
it certainly is no less our duty to quench 

the thirst of these lost ones because they 
are so nearly famished. 

There are many great and good things 
for the Brethren church to do in the 
next generation, but if through the in- 
strumentality of the Sunday schools 
throughout the Brotherhood there can be 
established and carried to a self-support- 
ing basis one hundred Sunday schools in 
the various parts of Chicago, who can 
measure the joy this side of heaven's 

Though the methods for building up 
the FUND may vary and the individuals 
responsible - for the distributing may 
change, though the boys and girls of to- 
day become the workers of another day, 
it is our prayer that the motive may re- 
main true and thousands upon thou- 
sands of Chicago's lost children may be 
built up in Christian character. 

Distinctive Principles of Primitive Christianity in the City. 

By Georgiana Hoke. 

For the churches that endeavor to 
maintain primitive simplicity the prob- 
lem of city missions has several extra 
clauses. These change its meaning to 
such an extent that at times it looks 
very formidable to the workers and dis- 
couragement, bordering on hopelessness, 
at times, fills the hearts of the workers. 
Some have suggested that such plain, 
God-fearing people as the River Breth- 
ren, the Mennonites, and our own frater- 
nity should be content with the little 
congregations that meet in the quiet 
country churchhouses. There they find 
Nature in harmony with them and they 
do not have the hard fight that they 
find in the city. We know that these 
people in the country have their losses 
and crosses, but the struggle is very 
different from that which the city church 
or mission is facing. It is pleasant to 
1 love and obey our Master in the coun- 
try home, where life flows on as smooth- 

ly as the water in the brook near by. 
We call it blessedness. If, then, those 
in the city find more opposition in do- 
ing the commandments of their Lord, 
do they lose the enjoyment that comes 
from loving and obeying their Savior? 
And what is the struggle they must face 
that does not come to the country 
brother and sister? 

We will pass by the general features 
of this much-talked-of problem and one 
by one consider a few of the distinctive 
features upheld by the churches men- 

Living a Christian life very largely 
means building a character after 
the pattern of Christ's. Our as- 
sociates exert a very great influence in 
this. Unless we are very watchful and 
have strong wills, we are constantly be- 
ing changed by our neighbors' influence. 
Sometimes for the better and some- 
times for the worse. In the city this is 



[April, 1905 

very evident, and to those who look for 
such things, the city wears the appear- 
ance of a never-ending battle between 
right and wrong. The influence of the 
peculiar features mentioned touches 
nearly every phase of this struggle for 
character. In the home an effort is 
made to "maintain, the purity of the fami- 
ly relation. Many churches acquiesce 
to families being broken up by divorces 
and adding thereto the evil of remar- 
riage. The teachings of Christ are ex- 
plicit on that subject and it is fortunate 
that in this time, when our country 
seems inclined to follow the example of 
ancient Rome, there are a few who up- 
hold His teachings and condemn this 
corruption of home life. 

One of the prime elements of the 
Christian's life is his love for God, and 
that debars love for the world. Thus 
amusements, theaters, dancing, etc., have 
no rightful claim upon a Christian. But 
none can claim such a high degree of 
love for God that there are no tempta- 
tions along these lines. It may be only 
one of the distant relatives of these 
evils that tempts the Christian, but it 
is necessary to be ever on the guard, 
for little sums added make the greater 
ones. The home game may be the be- 
ginning of a gambler's disgrace and the 
drunkard's slavish life. On all these 
things the church proposes to keep an 
ever watchful eye, and future years alone 
will tell its effect on society. 

Both the social and business life de- 
mands more or less dealings with peo- 
ple of all- classes. None but an earnest- 
hearted Christian can continue in this 
without becoming contaminated. But 
it is the Christian's prime duty to seek 
first the kingdom of God and His right- 
eousness, .and this can be done in the 
business and social life. Although 
temptations are so great and so com- 
monly yielded to that it has almost be- 
come a proverb that " a person cannot 
make a success of business and be an 
honest Christian," business relations are 
a necessity and may be honorable. 
Honesty brings its own reward and if 

there is any place in the workaday 
world where upright Christians are 
needed, one place is in the business 
world. Even business and society can 
be made to redound to God's glory, — 
and still have an unsullied success. 
Primitive Christianity takes a stand to 
defend its character and conduct against 
this erroneous and indiscriminate charge 
of wrong. 

The non-combative, non-resistant and 
non-swearing principles are met in the 
city as they are in the country, with 
one exception — they must be met ever 
and ever so much oftener. Trusts, un- 
ions, and lodges, with their life insur- 
ances, etc., have woven themselves like 
a net around the people of the cities. 
Workers look to the unions as the pow- 
er that aids the worker and the op- 
pressed. Lodges are considered as the 
proper source of assistance to the af- 
flicted. And to be without a life insur- 
ance policy is thought abject careless- 
ness. Men, women and children, in un- 
told numbers, carry insurance towards 
the day of their death that they may 
have a decent burial. There seems no 
place in all life in such a network of 
organizations where the loving, All-wise 
Father is simply trusted for His bene- 
fits. From trusts in organizations to 
trust in God is a long step, but there 
are hearts in the city who have taken 
this step and bravely stood by it. It is 
not hard for the believer to accept the 
91st Psalm as a life insurance policy su- 
perior to any of man's making. Labor 
unions, with all their advantages, fall in- 
to insignificance, compared with union 
with God. Lodges and their benevo- 
lence are good for unbelievers, but God's 
faithful people always prefer to seek 
their refuge in Jehovah's strength. 
These facts are readily assented to, but 
it is a hard struggle to forever with- 
stand the temptations* and persecutions 
that follow the renunciation of these or- 
ganizations. That is viewing it from a 
human standpoint, but with God as a 
refuge it is entirely different. One con- 
vert said: "My burdens are too heavy 

April, 1905] 



to cast upon the Lord but I take the 
privilege of rolling them on Him." This 
same girl always goes alone to God be- 
fore leaving home for work, and her life 
and cheery nature are proof that she 
does not carry the burdens. They are 
left with her Lord. 

Another item of consideration is the 
attitude of these churches in the matter 
of formality and dress. Their churches 
are plain, the singing congregational and 
the services devoid of much of the 
formality common to many churches. 
Form is a very good thing when it is 
made to assist in glorifying God, but 
where it predominates and becomes the 
thing we live for, it kills and deadens. 

They are no respecters of persons. 
Rich and poor meet on an equality. 
And how does this take in the city? 
It is just what the people have been 
waiting for. The poor do not feel at 
home in richly furnished churches. 
There is a growing tendency for church- 
es once established to move into some 
good locality and take on the habits of 
a religious club. Thus the masses are 
left homeless as far as church homes 
are concerned. Simplicity is growing in 
demand, but it is not simplicity that is 
the drawing point. The people want 
Christ and \\iey find Him, as He was 
found of old, — unostentatious. 

Much has been said about the manner 
of dress adopted by these people. In 
this simplicity is sought. As the char- 
acter of an individual governs the ex- 
pression of the face so does character 
also lend its imprint to dress. Because 
of this these churches encourage such 
simplicity of dress as will harmonize 
with the sincere character to be sought 
by every Christian. The world is bur- 
dened with the opposite of simplicity, 
therefore principles of simplicity are 
heartily welcomed by those who will 
pause to consider. This is not saying 
they are as readily adopted. Far from 
it. Inherited and acquired tendencies 
must be subdued. In short, the old na- 
ture must die and the new nature, 2 Cor. 
5: 17, enthroned. This is as necessary 

as for the caterpillar to change its na- 
ture before adopting the wings of the 
butterfly. Hence the reasons for the at- 
tention given to this principle. Dress, 
as well as habits, serves as an index to 
character and who wants an index that 
misrepresents the contents? 

The bonnet worn by the sisters espe- 
cially attracts attention. But why 
should it not? The city must get ac- 
quainted with these churches and their 
habits. Here in Chicago these churches 
have only one representative to every 
ten thousand inhabitants. Chicago is a 
comparatively unworked field to them. 
And in the city strangers are treated as 
such until by their acquaintance they 
may be properly, or approximately, rat- 
ed. Once they are known, all this will 
be different.. For example, one firm in 
the city reluctantly, and that only on 
the recommendation of the pastor, ad- 
mitted into their employ a young girl 
wearing a bonnet. She had lived here 
all her life and had only recently joined 
the church. She proved to be all she 
was represented to be. Now that firm 
treasures its acquaintance with primitive 

Little by little this acquaintance 
grows. Often mission workers must 
" hunt work " for their converts, who 
are ostracized by the unions and 
snubbed and ridiculed in general. But 
at present I know of no instance where 
those who stood firm in their faith in 
God were left to want. I know of one 
family it was thought best to transport 
to the country because it was scarcely 
possible for them to keep from starving 
here on account of the unions. They 
left the city burdened with debt. Now, 
after several years, they own their own 
home and a little more besides. One 
daughter is in college preparing for 
Christian work. There is a Greater 
Power than the unions and they were 
rewarded for having trusted in that 

The struggle to maintain the bonnet 
has been a hard one, or harder than that 
against the unions. We have had fifteen 



[April, 1905 

years of mission work by these churches 
in Chicago, so now history may be 
looked upon to decide whether or not 
the bonnet has been a hindrance or bene- 
fit. There is one place in the city where 
the workers for a time seriously con- 
sidered, " Is' this time-honored custom 
worth this severe persecution? Does it 
keep souls from accepting Christ?" A 
flag of truce was thought of, but Provi- 
dential interference prevented this. 
Later new insight came to the workers 
and with this result. The little bonnet 
and the sacred prayer-veil have proved 
themselves to be worth the fight. 
Whfe once they were ridiculed they 
now are honored. And as the people 
are growing acquainted with the sterling 
character of the members that don 
them, they are lamented chiefly because 
of their scarcity. That mission has 
prospered in numbers and especially in 
spiritual growth. Other churches in 
that vicinity recognize the plain attire 
of those members as one of the best 
safeguards for the young people in the 
city. They say it seems to dismiss the 
question, What shall we do to keep our 
young people from following vain 

temptations? In that mission they look 
on a plain hat as a flat failure. 

There is another place in the city 
where more leniency was granted in the 
matter of wearing the bonnet and sev- 
eral other features. Persecutions were, 
of course, lessened. But there was no 
marked increase in membership as in 
the other mission mentioned. Spiritual 
life is there, but somehow they do not 
seem to be so interested in the kingdom 
and the reward in heaven as those who 
took a little persecution for His sake. 
There is a blessing (Matt. 5: 10-12) for 
those who devotedly seek righteousness 
in all its primitive simplicity. And they 
are told to rejoice, and these city con- 
verts do rejoice. Who shall separate 
them from the love of Christ? City en- 
chantments? Nay, in all these things 
they are more than conquerors through 
Him who loves them. This was shown 
to me as I watched a group of these 
persecuted ones exultantly sing: 

" I am drinking at the fountain, 

Where I ever would abide; 
For I've tasted life's pure river, 

And my soul is satisfied; 
There's no thirsting for life's pleasures, 

No adorning, rich and gay, 
For I've found a richer treasure 

One that fadeth not away." 

Industrial Work— What it Means and What it Does. 

By Cora Cripe. 

The industrial part of the mission 
work of the church is one of the most 
interesting, enthusiastic features of it, 
and, we believe, one of the most help- 
ful, as well. 

Here the children, more particularly 
the girls, of the Sunday school and 
neighborhood come together one day 
each week, and learn to sew, and in 
learning to do this they learn to be neat, 
tidy, and tasteful, and have order and 
system about their work. 

There are at this present time about 
one hundred and fifty girls enrolled in 

the industrial school at the church, and 
about one hundred more in the two ex- 
tension branches. - A more lively set of 
" busy-bees " would be hard to find. 

Could you have stepped into the large, 
airy sewing room on a recent Monday, 
about 4 P. M., you would have said at 
a single glance, " They are thoroughly 
in love with it." For in two immense 
circles, with needles flying, and fingers 
busy, sat forty-four girls, all so intent 
upon accomplishing the work in hand 
that there was scarcely a whisper heard 
all over that room. And you know that 



[April, 1905 

men say, when forty-four girls can work, 
and not talk, well, as the small boy puts 
it, there must be something " doing," and 
there was. 

Each girl held in her hand the mate- 
rial for something of her own choosing, 
and you could have observed some piec- 
ing quilts, others joining theirs, some 
making handkerchiefs, others towels, 
workbaskets, iron-holders, pen-wipers, 
handkerchief-bags, aprons, night-gowns, 
pillow-slips, skirts, etc., — anything under 
the sun that is useful, and simply made. 
And there is just enough rivalry among 
them to keep each girl at " white-heat," 
doing her very best, throughout the 
short hour allotted to this part of the 

When the call comes for work to be 
put away, the " oh's " and " ah's " all 
over the room indicate that the hour has 
been all too short, and they are loath 
to leave. 

Chairs are now pushed back, the room 
is cleared in a trice, and the girls form 
in line, two by two, until they reach 
from end to end of the large room, 
ready for the Bible drill of the hour. 

A set of a dozen or more verses, up- 
on some special subject, have been pre- 
viously arranged, and one verse is writ- 
ten upon the board each week, and com- 
mitted by all the girls present. 

A few minutes are spent in making 
the thought of the verse clear to them, 
a short lesson may be taught upon it, 
and then each girl is given a chance to 
recite the verse from memory, and tell 
WHERE it is found! 

In the review, from fifteen to twenty- 
five girls remember, and can repeat 
promptly, the verse learned the week be- 
fore, and are so proud to do it, too. 

Thus, thank God, they are having 
planted within their young, fruitful 
hearts every week a bit of that living 
Bread, that is able to save their souls 
from death, and give them an entrance 
into the Eternal City of God. 

And what ^re the visible results of it 

In the first place, let me say that the 
industrial work is used as a sort of 
" draw-net " to bring the children into 
the Sunday school. We can often get 
children interested in the work in that 
way through the industrial school that 
would not become interested in any oth- 
er way. 

And, secondly, it is beneficial in a ma- 
terial way, for many of these girls 
can now sew better than their mammas, 
yes, better than we, ourselves, and con- 
sequently are now making much of the 
smaller children's wardrobe, thus won- 
derfully relieving the overwrought moth- "\ 
er in the care of the family. 

Then, too, many of our girls have I 
been able to obtain employment in the 
tailor shops and dressmakers' establish- 
ments, thus very materially assisting in 
the support of the family, so often whol- 
ly dependent upon the mother. 

So thoroughly are we in sympathy 
with this kind of work that we wish ev- 
ery church in the Brotherhood would 
take up some such kind of work for its 
younger children. 

The Mission of the Christian Workers' Society of Chicago. 

By Ralph W. Miller. 

The Chicago Christian Workers' So- is recognized as such by all our 

ciety organized in June, 1902, has grown members. It is an important adjunct 

to be one of the most important from this standpoint, that it tends 

factors in our city mission work, and to hold and interest the young peo- 

April, 1905] 



pie in active Christian endeavor. This 
is or has been one of the difficult 
problems in years gone by, that of inter- 
esting the youth after the Sunday school 
era has practically ceased in their lives, 
but we are truly thankful that we can 
say that never before has the outlook 
been so bright in this respect as at pres- 
ent. We trust that, with all the energy 
and activity incorporated in our young 
people, our Christian Workers' Society 
will prove instrumental in promoting the 
Chicago church to a position among the 
first in size and influence in the Broth- 

One of the most important features of 
our Society work is the Lookout Com- 
mittee, so called because of its function. 
The special object and duty of this 
Committee is to seek out and interest 
young people in the city, who, in their 
early years have been directly or indi- 
rectly connected with the Brethren 
church. It would be surprising could we 
ascertain the vast number of people lo- 
cated at this place, who are at least ac- 
quainted with our church and doctrine 
through their former residence in a 
Brethren community. Many, to whom 
personal calls have been paid have re- 
sponded to the invitations and have at- 
tended our service, where they were 
accorded a hearty welcome. 

The Committee has been the recipient 
of letters from Christian mothers or 
relatives, some of which were most pa- 
thetically written, and all of which have 
been regarded and treated as strictly 
confidential. In this way we secure 
names of young people whom we en- 
deavor to interest and bring back to the 
church and to their early training. 

It may strike my readers with con- 
siderable surprise that a young man or 
woman coming from the best of Chris- 
tian homes could come to this large me- 
tropolis in search of employment, and 
soon drift away from religious influ- 
ences of all kinds. Unfortunately such 
is often the case and could you spend 
one month or even a few days in this 
wicked city, familiarizing yourself with 

the numerous attractions of a worldly 
nature, which absorb the attention of the 
youths and ultimately demoralize the 
victims, you would no longer wonder, 
but pity. Nowhere else are the allure- 
ments of worldly society so pronounced 
or so great an obstacle to religious work 
as in a large city. 

In this respect we have a field of 
labor and a constant source of oppor- 
tunity for active work on the outside, 
which is denied our sister societies in 
the rural districts. The secret of our 
success, whatever that may be, is in ap- 
preciating the obstacles we must encoun- 
ter, and then endeavoring to surmount 
them in a practical manner. If we are 
to keep our own young people in the 
church and interest those not identified 
with us, we MUST supply them with a 
substitute for the pleasures and attrac- 
tions, which the world offers them, and 
it is the object of our Christian Work- 
ers' Society, mainly to supply them with 
the very best of Christian society. We 
endeavor to make our Sunday evening 
meetings of a very attractive and inter- 
esting nature, consisting of devotional 
exercises, musical selections and other 
interesting features. Then, again, a spir- 
it of sociability and good fellowship per- 
vades our meetings and exists among 
our members to a very noticeable degree. 
In this way each member is encouraged 
in his own sphere of activity, and is con- 
stantly endeavoring to secure others for 
our ranks. 

Finally, as we appeal to those that 
chance to read this article, let me request 
of you most earnestly, to correspond 
with our Committee, providing you have 
a friend or relative in this city in whom 
you are deeply interested, and in whose 
soul's salvation you are much concerned. 
We can assure you of our hearty co- 
operation in endeavoring to interest 
them in our Christian Workers' Society 
and in the church of Christ. Remember 
us in your intercessions to the great 
Head of the Christian Workers' Societies 
at large. 



[April, 1905 


Some portions of Chicago are crowded 
and others are not. The square mile 
known as the Seventeenth Ward is the 
home, or, more properly speaking, the 
the habitation of about sixty thousand 
people. Of course, they don't live in 
large roomy apartments, and it may hap- 
pen that the only furniture may be a di- 
lapidated mattress on which the family 
sleeps without undressing. Then there 
are other houses where the many com- 
forts of civilization are found in all their 
snug agreeableness. 

This is very different from village life 
where everybody has at least one neigh- 
borly neighbor and people seldom get 
out of social relations. In the city, with 
its ever-changing population and its 
waves of prosperity and adversity, it is 
impossible to do more than but feebly 
comprehend the tangled and innumer- 
able forms of distress which call for the 
helpful attention of the Christian. 

The ideal way of doing charity work 
is in the good old-fashioned neighborly 
manner instituted by Jesus when He gave 
us the parable of the good Samaritan. 
But the complex conditions which exist 
in the city make this difficult. It is like 
a great tangle of thread with thousands 
trying to unravel the mass. One thinks 
he sees where he can help, tries' and is 
disheartened to find that the end is 
worse than the beginning. It is in such 
circumstances that the city's Bureau of 
Charities finds its opportunities for the 
work it does. 

The Bureau of Charities is regarded as 
the central charity organization of the 
city. It is not so much an independent 
and separate force as it is a tie that 
brings to 1 one central focus, the charity 
organizations of the city, so they may 
work in unison. Its growth and suc- 
cess is, therefore, an index of the growth 
of the cooperative spirit among the char- 
ities of the city. One of the main ob- 
jects of the organization is to employ 
proper methods and enable others to 

work to advantage. The point of cantact 
with all the organizations of the city, pre- 
vents overlapping and duplication of 
charity which is a very common cause of 

If information is wanted about any 
poor family, or the reliability of any 
work done in the name of charity, the 
thing to do is to ask the Bureau of Char- 
ities and, if such information is to be 
had, they will' find it. There are firms 
and citizens who annually write to them 
for such information in order that they 
may give help to those who are the most 
worthy of their assistance. Thus they 
are not victimized by impostors. 

There are about three hundred of such 
organizations in the United States, the 
oldest one is that of Buffalo, N. Y., es- 
tablished in 1878. The Chicago organiza- 
tion includes one central office at 644 
Unity Building, and numerous sub-sta- 
tions in the various parts of the city. 
There are about twenty paid workers 
who receive moderate salaries. In addi- 
tion to the paid service there are from 
two hundred to three hundred volunteer 
workers. These are people who devote 
their spare time to the work for the sake 
of coming in touch with the needy, 
spending as much time as they care to 
devote each day or week. They go to 
the station, get their orders, and visit 
families, or do whatever is to be done. 

The average citizen does not know 
how to handle many of the cases of des- 
titution that come to his notice, or does 
not have the means or time. He reports 
the case to the Bureau of Charities and 
receives advice, or leaves the case to 
the care of the Bureau. A visitor is ap- 
pointed to go to the place and investi- 
gate. He goes very much as a doctor 
and inquires into details. If possible, the 
cause of the trouble is found and then a 
remedy is sought. The permanent wel- 
fare is always to be considered. Time to 
them is no element. If twenty visits 
may be made to better account than one 
hundred it is done. The workers are in- 
structed to do well what they do, and 
not count their work by number of visits 

An Alley Home. 

Street Scene in Factory District. 

The Waukesha Flat on South Side. 
One of the Homes of Sunday-school Children. 



[April, 1905 

made. If the bread-winner is sick, the 
first thing is to get health restored. No 
fixed rule can be followed except the 
one that workers make themselves flexi- 
ble enough to reach all conditions. 

If there are young people who have 
wandered away from the influences of 
Sunday school and church, they are 
asked about their past religious connec- 
tions, and at once their case is reported 
to the proper church authorities. 

If there are any who are being de- 
prived of justice, etc., the Legal Chari- 
ties of the city are consulted and the 
poor are furnished legal advice free. In 
short, all is done that can be done to 
give them a chance to help themselves. 

To establish habits of thrift in the 
homes the visitors go regularly and col- 
lect whatever pennies the children, or 
others, care to give them and these are 
deposited in their favor, that there may 
be something for future education or 
whatever help is needed. 

Money is loaned to those who stand 
in direct need of it. This is usually in 
small amounts and for short periods. Al- 
though payment is not enforced, it is 
seldom left unpaid. Where it is thought 
best, for the general good of the home, 
to permit the mother to spend at least a 
part of her time with her children, pen- 
sions are allowed to widows until the 
children are of working age, which, in 
Chicago, is at the age of fourteen. 

If work is the thing needed, the Bu- 
reau helps to seek employment. If 
needy ones have friends in some distant 
city, who would arrange for their com- 
fort, investigation is made and trans- 
portation is arranged for. However, this 
is never done for the sake of getting rid 
of poor people. Chicago's Bureau of 
Charities is loath to shun its duty. 

Th.e Bureau maintains gardens in some 
of the suburbs where employment is 
given to different families. They are al- 
lowed to raise produce for the coming 
winter. Last summer nearly a thou- 
sand persons received benefit in this 

The summer outing work done by 

them is the largest of any in the city. 
Physicians are constantly required to de- 
cide which of the many thousands that 
apply for outings are most in need of 
them. In this the " Chicago Daily 
News " works in cooperation with the 
Bureau. The Bureau's work is support- 
ed entirely by private contributions. 
Sixty thousand dollars is required to 
support the work for the year. It has 
now been in operation for ten years and 
is daily growing more and more help- 
ful. Last year nearly five hundred 
charitable institutions cooperated with 
the Bureau, — about two hundred and fif- 
ty churches. There is on file information 
regarding seventy-five thousand families. 
The Bureau is the servant of all mission 
workers in the city and father, mother, 
brother, sister and friend to those who 
need such help. G. A. 

& ♦> ♦> 


By Lulu V. Sanger. 

Any Sunday morning at 9:45 you may 
see the church at 183 Hastings St., Chi- 
cago, 111., well filled with the bright 
faces of boys and girls, young men and 
women, and older ones, too, who have 
come to enjoy one of our greatest bless- 
ings — the Sunday school. But long be- 
fore the opening hour do they come. 
So eager are the children for Sunday 
school to commence that to be there a 
whole hour before time to begin is only 
pleasure for them. And to be kept away 
for some good reason just takes the best 
part out of the whole day. More than 
one child here will tell you so. 

At last, after earnest effort and much 
prayer, the two hundred mark in at- 
tendance has been reached, yes, even 
passed. One of the most encouraging 
features is the growth of our school. 
Last year there were eight classes; now 
we have thirteen. Three of these are 
composed of grown people. Each of the 
thirteen teachers is provided with an as- 
sistant who takes the collection, calls 

April, 1905] 



the roll, and otherwise renders any as- 
sistance needed. But to no one person 
can the credit for the increase be given. 
Almost every one from the pastor to the 
tiniest tot has been talking Sunday 
school until the enthusiasm has become 
general. Many children bring their 
playmates; some come in from the in- 
dustrial classes. 

At the beginning of the year the pri- 
mary department promoted twenty-four. 
In two months every one of their vacant 
chairs was filled. Nearly one hundred 
are enrolled with an average attendance 
of about seventy. Here Sister Cora 
Cripe with three assistants lovingly di- 
rects the little feet heavenward. The 
primary department has a nice room, 
24x24 feet, with six windows. It is a 
pleasant place with its little red chairs, 
carpet, curtains, and pictures. All the 
classes are present at the opening exer- 
cises in the main room. Once each 
month the primary department comes in 
for the review. But the question of 
room is becoming a serious one. More 
than once has every chair been filled. 
It may soon become necessary for the 

primary department to have opening ex- 
ercises in their own room as their teach- 
er has long desired. 

Dear Sunday-school workers, how 
many of you can claim a perfect record 
in attendance for six years? I fear not 
many of us can. One of our girls is now 
entering on the seventh year of perfect 
attendance in the Sunday school. Just 
think of it, — not absent once for more 
than six years! "It was not hard to 
do," modestly said this young girl, " it 
was only one Sunday at a time." For 
perfect attendance one year a diploma is 
given on which is room for six seals. 
One seal is attached each perfect year, 
thus, when complete, showing a perfect 
record for seven years. This year six 
diplomas were given. Two have been 
present two years, four three years, two 
for four years, two five years, and one 
six years. Each of these seventeen hav- 
ing a perfect record in 1904 also received 
a Bible, Testament, or some other book. 
There were nineteen more who were ab- 
sent only one or two Sundays, mostly 
from sickness, who received books as re- 
wards. Thus thirty-six books were 

Some Neglected Ones in Chicago. 



[April, 1905 

given, besides six diplomas, and eleven 

Though a mission church and Sunday 
school, our collections are good. Yes, 
we are more than a two-cent • Sunday 
school. The report for 1904 shows the 
total collections to have been $222.71. 
$118.97 went for current expenses, and 
$99.90 was given for mission purposes. 

It is good to see our school growing 
in numbers, but we must increase along 
spiritual lines to be truly successful. 
How shall the Sunday school be made 
more far-reaching in her influence, more 
productive of good? It is more easily 
asked than answered. All the officers 
and teachers should be earnest, devoted 
Christians. Preparation must be made 
for teaching the lesson, especially heart 
preparation. Let the Holy Spirit be 
sought for power and wisdom. Work 
for the salvation of your scholars. Last 
year two were received into the church 
from the ranks of the Sunday school. 
This year we hope for many more. 

Teachers' meetings are very, very 
helpful. In fact they are almost indis- 
pensable. Our teachers' meetings are 
well attended and thoroughly enjoyed. 
The lesson is presented each week, and 
once each month a lecture on " Meth- 
ods " is given. 

We have special programs four or five 
times a year. This brings the parents 
out to the church, gives variety, and adds 
general interest to the work. 

* * * 


By Amelia Johnson. 

A little girl five years old was play- 
ing on a swing with two other little girls 
and she wanted to get on the swing the 
same time one of the others did. But 
the little girl I am telling you about was 
stubborn and would not let her play- 
mate swing before her, so her playmate 
snatched the board as she was going to 
sit on the swing and threw it. It struck 

her in the leg right below the knee. 
Her mamma, of course, did not pay any 
attention to it as there was nothing to 
show, because a blood vessel was broken 
between the skin and bone, and her mam- 
ma knew of no trouble until blood poi- 
son set in. The leg began to hurt her 
so her mamma sent for the doctor. He 
advised an operation. The operation was 
performed and she could still walk. 
But the next time the doctor came he 
said still another operation. Oh, that 
poor child! she crept under the table and 
cried and cried. But the operation was 
performed and that little girl never put 
foot on the ground to walk again. It 
was a very fatal day. Oh, friends that 
are well, think what you would have 
done if it had been you! Would you 
have had any patience? Well, this little 
girl had five operations. Her parents 
bought her a cart and she went along 
in this day after day as patiently as any 
one could. 

This little girl had about three months' 
schooling. She was sick eleven whole 
years. Imagine the patience she had, 
much, that is certain. She laid on that 
bed or sat in that cart until she just 
withered away and when she was sixteen 
years of age she was taken by the all- 
loving Father. She was not like many 
other poor children; she did not have to 
go to the hospital. She endured her 
trouble at her home. She, as you may 
suppose, had many hardships in life, but 
in spite of them all she endured them 
bravely to the end. 

♦> * <♦ 


By Cora Cripe. 

We have often longed and longed for 
the opportunity to sit down face to face 
with all the dear brethren and sisters, 
over our beloved Brotherhood, and tell 
you how much we, and the people here, 
have appreciated the many gifts from 
your loving hands to us! And now this 
opportunity is ours. 

April, 1905] 



But, first of all, I know you will 
fully agree with me, when I say, that the 
first note of gratitude is due to the heav- 
enly Father. For without His special 
blessing, none of yours would have been 

It has been my most happy privilege 
for the past nine years to stand, as it 
were, on the threshold of God's store- 
house, and look, first, into my Father's 
face for direct support and blessing; 
and in turn, have been pointed by Him, 
to you, as His agents whereby His bless- 
ing has been given. And a rare privilege 
it has been. 

I can truthfully bear witness to the 
fact, that He is a faithful God, for He 

How loving, and tender, and kind 
has been His care! We have gone to 
him in the direst need, and the severest 
trial, and praise His name, " His hand is 
not shortened, that it cannot save, nei- 
ther His ear heavy, that it cannot hear." 

But ALWAYS, and under ALL cir- 
cumstances, He has been faithful and 
true. His name be praised and magni- 
fied, throughout the' whole earth! 

'Tis true there have been times, when 
the answer did not come AT ONCE; 
when He kept us waiting, waiting; but 
only to test our sincerity and real anx- 
iety for the thing we wanted, and no 
sooner did we submit all to His own holy 
will and say, " Not my will, but Thine," 
than His blessing followed. Praise His 

Oh, dear ones, let us not be afraid 
to trust Him. Hear His own words to 
you, my sister, my brother, and believe 
that they were written for YOU. " And 
this is the confidence that we have in 
Him, that if we ask any thing according 
to His will, He heareth us; and if we 
know that He hear us, whatsoever we 
ask, we know that we have the petitions 
that we desired of Him! " 

"For He is faithful, that promised." 

Let us believe His words, and as little 
children come unto our Father for the 

things we NEED, and we shall NEVER 
be disappointed. 

And what shall I say to you, my dear 
fellow-laborers, who have so faithfully 
and persistently stood by this work, of 
His own planting, all these years? You, 
who have yielded yourselves to His Spir- 
it's leading, and been made willing and 
eager, to uphold our hands in it all! My 
heart is full of gratefulness to you, and 
oh, that I had the ability to make you 
understand how much your letters have 
strengthened, and encouraged the work- 
ers to go forward. And it has not al- 
ways been the little slip of paper, bear- 
ing the gift of love, — a money order or 
check, — that has helped us most. Ah, 
no! but the words of sympathy and help- 
fulness that have accompanied them, and 
the assurance that our hands were being 
upheld by your special prayers, have 
meant far more than that, and more than 
we can ever express. 

"The Lord bless thee, and keep thee: 
The Lord make His face shine upon 
thee, and be gracious to thee: The Lord 
lift up His countenance upon thee, and 
give thee PEACE." 




By C. Tempie Sauble. 

This is a question that more than one 
of us have pondered in our heart. But 
as yet none of us have been able to 
solve it. We do not pretend to solve 
the question in this article, but simply to 
try to make all think about it more seri- 

There are in the city numbers of 
young men and women whose parents 
are members of the Brethren church. 
Usually they have the utmost respect for 
the church. Most of them, no doubt, 
have had just as careful training as we 
who are in the church. Yet they stand 
outside of the church. There is some- 
thing lacking, for, I think, there is on 



[April, 1905 

the average, only about one out of ten 
who is serving the Lord in the Breth- 
ren church. 

It is not so with the Catholic church. 
They give them strict and careful train- 
ing. When they are grown up they sel- 
dom get away 'from, their childhood 

Fathers, mothers, it is time for you to 
awaken to the fact, if the children are 
to be won for the church, they must 
have more careful training in the teach- 
ings of Jesus Christ. It should be done 
earnestly and prayerfully, believing the 
Lord will guide in the right way if we 
do well our part. 

Young men and women leaving their 
homes come into the city and enter more 
fully into the realities of life. They 
sometimes overlook the important thing 
— that of attending church. True, it is 
not so pleasant to begin going to a 
strange church, unless some one of its 
members gives them a special invita- 
tion. We are only too glad to do this, 
and most willingly do so, if we know of 
them. This is a large city and we can 
not know of their whereabouts, unless 
some of their friends will notify us. 
Will you not do this? If you will we 
will endeavor to get them to attend 

There are so many things in the city 
to allure young people away from what 
they know to be right that we as mem- 
bers of the body of Christ must put 
forth redoubled efforts to get them to 
attend church, to hold them and finally 
win them for Christ. If we do not make 
special effort to hold them in our church, 
some other church will take them from 
us. We need all our young people in 
our church. 

If the parents were as concerned about 
the spiritual welfare of their children as 
they are about their temporal welfare, 
there would be more of them in the 
church. How many of you parents lie 
awake at night, thinking and praying 
how your children may be brought to 
Christ? You plan how to make more 
money so you can give them a good 

education, give them a good start in life, 
make their clothes so they will present 
an attractive appearance to the eyes of 
the world. But now, in all seriousness, 
how many of you really work, plan and 
pray how you may beautify their souls 
by showing them the way to Jesus? If 
there was the earnestness put forth there 
should be, there would not be so many 
of our young people lost to the church 
and many times eternally lost. If your 
child were about to be drowned, would 
you not use all your energy to save the 
child? Do you not know that spiritual 
death will be the result of your negli- 
gence? That is far worse than any 
physical death could possibly be. 

If we as watchmen fail to do our duty 
God will require the blood of these lost 
ones at our hands. Every one of us who 
has espoused the cause of Christ is a 
watchman. For the love of Christ let 
us do our duty. 

There is another side to this question, 
And that refers to members moving in 
the city. Do you not know that it is 
your duty to locate so that it will be 
convenient for even the smallest of your 
children to attend one of the Sunday 
schools of our church? We now have 
three in the city. Surely you could move 
near one of them instead of moving eight 
or ten miles in another direction. The 
Sunday school your children attend is 
most likely to be the church of their 
choice when old enough to have a choice. 

* * * 


By A. F. Wine. 

What a question! Is the standard of 
city people so high that they^ need no 
religious training? Or are they so deep 
in crime and sin that Christ's blood can 
not cleanse them? Is God a respecter 
of persons and considers the salvation 
of one soul of more importance than 

Dear reader, if you will carefully weigh 

April, 1905] 



the above questions I feel sure that every- 
one will realize that a mission or church 
in the city is just as necessary as in 
the rural districts. I certainly can see no 
good reason why not. Of course those 
that have had experience in city work 
know that there are many things to over- 
come that they do not have in the coun- 
try, that the work is arduous and prog- 
ress is slow. But is that any reason why 
we should not work at all? Nay verily, 
that should only prompt us to put forth 
greater efforts. 

My second question needs but little 
comment. Every one knows that there 
is plenty of room for improvement. 
None are perfect, no not one. However, 
perfection should be our ideal. 

Thirdly, we doubt not but that there 
is more crime and gross sin in the city, 
yet God is able to save even to the ut- 
termost. And because of this wicked- 
ness is the very reason that we should 
have a mission in the city. They are the 
ones that need to have a light in their 
midst through which they may be per- 
mitted to see the Christ and the works 
of God our heavenly Father. 

There are hundreds, yes, thousands, of 
homes in Chicago that have no Bible 
and the inmates scarcely know that there 
is a God. I only wish that every reader 
of the Visitor and Messenger could be 
present in our Sunday school which con- 
sists of over two hundred children, col- 
lected from just such homes and see 
the interest manifested in the Word 
taught. These being facts who can say 
we need no mission in the city? 

Fourth, we know that one soul in 
God's estimation is worth just as much 
as another, no matter where they live, 
white or black. 

Another very important reason why 
we should have a Brethren church in the 
city is because so many of our mem- 
bers are now living in the city. They 
must be fed and cared for or they will 
perish. Therefore a city mission be- 
comes a preserving as well as a saving 

341 Franklin St. 


By Ella Eckerle. 

There scarcely can be a doubt in the 
mind of any one as to the power there 
lies in united effort. In any line of work 
we will find great things have been ac- 
complished where there has been a 
union of forces brought to bear upon one 
particular project. 

The large and massive structures 
which tower so high above our heads in 
our cities stand as monuments to the 
ability and power of men who united 
their efforts. These buildings are not 
the work of a single man but of a num- 
ber of men, — the master mechanic, the 
carpenter, the mason, and others, — all 
of whom contributed days and months 
of hard labor. 

Many illustrations might be made of 
this principle in the material world, but 
we want now to direct your thoughts to 
the subject as applied to Christian work. 

In the church there is work for each 
individual, but there are few, compara- 
tively, who actively engage in the Mas- 
ter's service. The many are idle. So 
many truly good people seem to think 
they are doing their whole duty when 
they attend the services on Sunday and 
occasionally the prayer meeting, not tak- 
ing any active part perhaps in the latter. 
It is commendable to attend these serv- 
ices, but remember that you have a part 
to perform, and the more freely you per- 
form your duty the more helpful and in- 
teresting these meetings become to all. 

Many are so inactive that they almost 
" go to sleep " spiritually. As stated be- 
fore we may attend all the services and 
listen to the preached Word, but how 
are we using our talents? What 
are we doing for the cause of missions, 
what for the prayer meeting, the Sun- 
day school, the Aid Society? Can the 
world, or even our own brethren and sis- 
ters in the church, know that we love the 
Lord and are deeply interested in His 
cause if we do not manifest it by doing? 



[April, 1905 

" Be ye doers of the word and not hear- 
ers only." 

Is not the progress which we as a 
church have made in missionary work 
due to the united efforts and prayers of 
the consecrated workers all over our 
Brotherhood? Why have mission bands, 
Christian Workers' unions, etc., come in- 
to existence? They are an outgrowth of 
this principle that more can be accom- 
plished through united effort than by in- 
dividual effort. It is gratifying to note 
that much good is being done by these 

Wherein lies the power of united ef- 
fort? First, we would say, in the fact 
that a united body of Christian workers 
have at heart one great and glorious 
aim which becomes the common inter- 
est of each individual. Secondly, when 
a number are working together an en- 
thusiasm arises which gives a greater im- 
petus. Thirdly, more work can be ac- 
complished and the results are greater. 

Revival meetings would often have 
more power were the. members of the 
church as consecrated and alive to the 
work as the minister himself. When the 
work is all left to the minister or the 
missionaries there is not a united work- 
ing force in that church and some of the 
power it should have is lost. 

It is not possible for a church to work 
together unless there is peace and love 
existing between the members. Sad it is 
that sometimes churches are crippled be- 
cause a little jealousy has crept in or 
an evil-speaking tongue has created hard 
feelings and thus destroyed the peace 
and unity that should exist. 

Oh that all professing Christians ev- 
erywhere would become thoroughly alive 
to the great work that lies before them 
and unite their efforts in the Master's 
service. May peace and love dwell in 
the heart of each one so that our labors 
together may be richly blessed. 
■•$•• ■•£+ *$? 

In Samoa the American government 
will not allow the sale or gift of intoxi- 
cants to natives. 


By E. B. Hoff. 

The Chicago church under the pastor- 
ate of Bro. W. R. Miller has for a num- 
ber of years assembled in a little brick 
chapel at 183 Hastings Street, while its 
membership has been scattered far and 
wide in this great city and its suburbs. 
The edifice in which they worship is not 
to be compared to the many costly 
churches and temples of this city, nor to 
the large, plain meetinghouses of our ] 
Brotherhood, but it has been a blessed 
refuge from the business and evils of the 
city for many a troubled soul. 

The membership at this time numbers 
about one hundred and ten, most of 
whom are in quite moderate financial 
circumstances. A membership thus scat- } 
tered over a radius » of thirty miles or 
more has no church community so com- 
mon in the country districts. Church- 
going becomes difficult and there is 
a strong temptation to either stay at 
home or attend some church nearby, or 
perchance go to hear some great preach- 
er or rabbi. 

Bringing up a family under such cir- 
cumstances is very difficult. Children 
have associates of every grade of morals 
and religion. But while this isolated liv- 
ing has its grave aspects it also carries 
with it rare -opportunities of influence. 
It scatters beacon lights everywhere, if, 
fortunately, these lights are not under a 
bushel, and adds reason why the Chris- 
tian life should be what it professes. 
City life is so insulated that it takes pow- 
er of penetration. "Mind your own busi- 
ness and I will mind mine" is the selfish 
world cry. The next door neighbor is 
not known even after living adjacent for 
five years. To these prevailing influ- 
ences of carelessness and selfishness the 
unselfish, altruistic Christ-life offers a 
strong contrast. 

In a great city where business, pleas- 
ure and vice hold sway the child of God 
needs a home for his soul. This the 

April, 1905] 



church affords to all who will be shel- 
tered in its benign influence. To those 
the church becomes not only a guest 
chamber but a dwelling place where all 
can, by the indwelling Spirit, through 
the service of soul-saving, develop their 
own lives into the Christ image to the 
glory of God. E. B. H. 

*$*♦♦•• ♦♦♦ 


By Dr. G. H. Van Dyke. 

In opening the dispensary in Chicago 
it was the hope of the Board that at 
least a few of the large number in the 
city who do not attend church, might be 
induced to believe in Jesus Christ. 

Even in the residence districts of Chi- 
cago there are many people who do not 
attend church or any religious meet- 
ings. There are many, too, who in name 
belong to some church, but their notion 
of a Christian life and their meager 
knowledge of the Scriptures do not 
keep them from a life of sin. To illus- 
trate the above: A few months ago I 
was asked to hurry to a family in trou- 
ble. I found the father and mother had 
been drinking. He outdid her and was 
chasing her around the house with the 
revolver. The five children had fled in 
despair. Since that time the parents 
have been to several of our evening 
meetings. But the children cannot come 
to our Sunday school because the family 
belongs to another church and consider 
themselves members in good standing. 

But the class of people who are met 
here and, I believe, helped more than 
any other persons are those of immoral 
habits. For obvious reasons such work 
is not reported, or is referred to in a 
very indefinite way. But with such per- 
sons there is an opportunity, unlimited 
and perhaps unequaled, to bring home in 
a living way the results of an impure life. 
The peculiar relation the dispensary sus- 
tains to the people gives these unusual 

During the past year the dispensary 
has become identified with the extensive 
movement in the city against tubercu- 
losis. The purpose of this movement is, 
bluntly speaking, to teach those who 
have tuberculosis how to live with it, 
and how not to infect others. 


By Isaac M. Eikenberry. 

Some people may think that those who 
live in the city and especially in Chicago, 
are too much taken up with city ways 
of the rush and hustle of things to have 
time for the prayer meeting, but, praise 
the Lord, it is not the way of all of the 
Chicago people, for many of us think 
that the prayer meetings are the best 
meetings we have, and by far the most 
important, for prayer is interceding with 
God for the people who are saved and 
those who are not saved. 

I came to Chicago more than fifteen 
years ago. To be sure I saw sin and 
wickedness on all sides and it seemed 
at first that the flood of sin had done 
its full work, and by looking for good, 
I soon learned that in many a place, all 
over the city, there were those who be- 
lieved that the prayers of God's people 
were of such help and power to the 
church, that the church could not pros- 
per without the prayer meetings. To be 
sure they had prayers at the preaching 
services, too, but they were not suf- 
ficient, and I am quite sure that our 
brethren here in Chicago would not 
think of carrying on our work here with- 
out the prayer meetings, and I do be- 
lieve the church that thinks she is get- 
ting along without having her prayer 
meetings, needs a prayer meeting more 
than anything else. I think the apos- 
tolic church based her power on prayer. 

The Moody Institute students con- 
duct more than fifty cottage prayer meet- 
ings each week, and they are a great 
blessing to hundreds that might not be 



[April, 1905 

blessed otherwise. Many a church has 
been built up out of a little prayer meet- 
ing. The little prayer meeting that took 
place in the upper room hundreds of 
years ago was one of the main things 
that caused the church to-day to be 
blessed. Our greatest cry to-day ought 
to be, " Pray, brethren, pray." 
♦J* ■•$» *J* 

By Mollie N. Fey. 

If you would show yourself a man in 
the truest and noblest sense, go not 
where men are carving monuments 
of marble to perpetuate names which 
will not live in our own grateful mem- 
ory. Go not to the dwellings of the 
rich. Go not to the halls of merriment 
and pleasure. Go rather to the poor 
and helpless. Go to the widow and re- 
lieve her woe. Go to the orphan and 
speak words of comfort. Go to the lost 
and save him. Go to the sinner and 
whisper in his ear words of eternal life. 

Every one of us may in some way or 
other assist or instruct some of his fel- 
low creatures, for the best of the human 
race is poor and needy, and all have a 
mutual dependence on one another. 
There is nobody who cannot do some 
good to help the poor. It is by no 
means enough to be rightly disposed, to 
be serious, and religious in our closets; 
we must be useful too. Those who are 
too poor to give alms can yet give their 
time, their trouble, their assistance in 
preparing or forwarding the gifts of oth- 
ers, and they can show their willingness 
to do good by visiting and comforting 
the sick and afflicted. Everybody can 
offer up his prayers for those who need 
them; which, if we do reverently and 
sincerely, he will never be wanting in 
giving them every other assistance that- 
it should please God to put in his power. 

If we would do much good in the 
world, we must be willing to do good in 
little things. There is pleasure in con- 
templating good; there is great pleasure 

in receiving good; but the greatest pleas- 
ure of all is in doing good. Be always 
sure of doing good. This will make 
your life comfortable, your death happy, 
and your account glorious. Zealously 
strive to do good for the sake of good. 
Be not simply good; be good for some- 

** * * 




By Mrs. J. B. Otto. 

To be a consistent Christian, one must 
be in agreement or compatible with the 
Christ life, whether in the city or coun- 
try. One thing is certain, the consist- 
ent Christian life in the city wields a 
wonderful power and influence; illumi- 
nating, as it were, the darkness of sin 
which prevails to such enormity. 

Since power is active, speculative, or 
exists without exertion, the consistent 
Christian's actions and thoughts count 
for no more than the good that is done 

In the cities of dense population one 
seldom becomes acquainted with her 
nearest neighbors and here it is that the 
life of the consistent Christian shines 
forth, maintaining that high standard of 
quality which should exist in every com- 
munity, and this influence being felt first 
by those who are most susceptible, 
eventually becomes an important factor 
in, or at least a component part of, the 
general environment. 

Not long ago a family with which I 
am well acquainted moved into a cer- 
tain locality and one of the lady resi- 
dents informed them that there were two 
classes of residents, the church people 
and the society folks, and, she said, they 
didn't mix. 

I inferred from this that the church 
people were consistent according to their 
different beliefs. Should they lose their 
consistency and attend the card parties 
and dances of the society folks, their 

April, 1905] 



Christian influence would soon cease 
and in a little while the entire environ- 
ment of the community would be 

O, that every Christian would be con- 
sistent! So much depends on the power 
of the consistent Christian! 

Berwyn, 111. 

«fr 4* * 


By Hettie Wampler. 

" Study to shew thyself approved unto 
God, a workman that needeth not to be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the word of 
truth." 2 Tim. 2:15. 

Paul gave Timothy instruction to study 
the Word, and is it not just as important 
for us to study and show ourselves ap- 
proved by God to-day as it was then? 

A Bible class was started in October 
taught by Bro. Hoff. We took up the 
study of the Holy Spirit in all of its 
different phases. The classes have been 
well attended and all seemed to take 
quite an interest in the work. The study 
of the Holy Spirit has been quite a help 
to many of us in our work, and has given 
us a greater desire to be filled more and 
more with the Holy Spirit and be able 
to accomplish more for the Master. 
We desire to have the Spirit so mani- 
fested in our daily lives that all with 
whom we come in contact will be made 
better by knowing us. 

Sister Cripe is having synthetic Bible 
study in " The Young Ladies' Open 
Window Band." While these young 
women are learning to be useful in 
helping others, they are also studying 
God's Word and their lives are being 
made richer and better by the many 
beautiful truths they are gathering from 
the Bible. This band meets every Mon- 
day night. 

"The Sunshine Workers' Band" meets 
every Wednesday . in the afternoon. 
They also have Bible study connected 
with their work. Sister Sanger gives 

the lesson in story form as it is much 
easier for the young girls to under- 
stand to give it in this simple way. 

At Extension No. 2 Sister Sauble gives 
Bible lessons to the little children there. 
She gives the life of Christ in story 
form to the little girls and boys. 

At Extension No. 1 we are studying 
the books of the Bible and then the chil- 
dren learn some scripture verses and lit- 
tle songs each week. Some of the little 
girls can go over the books of the Old 
Testament without making one mistake. 

The Bible study in connection with 
the industrial work is a good thing, for 
we reach so many children in this way 
that it would be impossible to reach in 
any other way. We have both Catholic 
and Jewish children and of course they 
will not come to our Sunday school as 
a rule but they do come for the industrial 

*£♦ **♦ ••J+ 


By Catharine B. Van Dyke. 

The matter of organizing a Sisters' 
Aid Society, as a department of the Chi- 
cago church work, had been under con- 
sideration for some months. The ability 
and willingness of our loyal, energetic 
band of women members to respond 
seemed equal to the need of their well- 
directed, concentrated power in organi- 

In consequence of the sense of this 
situation, a request was made at our mid- 
winter council meeting to permit us to 
advance in this direction. The permis- 
sion was not only heartily given but 
words of kindly approval and of encour- 
agement were given with it. 

Accordingly, on Jan. 10, 1905, with 
Bro. E. B. Hoff, our elder and pastor, 
presiding, we organized for our new and 
special work, the mission of which is to 
be stated in this paper. 

Our object is twofold. First, to save 
others. Secondly, to save ourselves. 



[April, 1905 

The first by action, the second by reac- 

In the first place, it goes, almost with- 
out saying, that in a church like ours — 
a small church in a large city — there is 
a great need and great scope to work for 
others, in order to meet both their tem- 
poral and spiritual poverty. In the sec- 
ond place, how can we, as women 
blessed with so many advantages and 
physical comforts and with this great 
opportunity, escape if we neglect to be- 
stir ourselves to the utmost in behalf 
of these others for whom also Christ 

Our mission lies in this twofold object 
— to act and to be acted upon to the 
glory of God. 

In our " active " capacity we are un- 
dertaking what most other aids are al- 
ready engaged in, the making and sell- 
ing of garments of different kinds. We 
are also aiding in the distribution of the 
goods that are sent in from time to time 
from other churches of the Brotherhood 
for the poor and needy in the city. 

We make it a part of our business to 
look after the absent, the poor, the iso- 
lated, the indifferent and the sick who 
rightfully belong to our congregation 
and to our districts of work. By " dis- 
tricts of work " are not meant exclusive- 
ly the different mission points already 
established and cared for, but to the dif- 
ferent neighborhoods represented by all 
the members of the Society. 

Having done this first part, we find 
ourselves ready for the second, i. e., to 
be benefited by the practice of self-de- 
nial, the cultivation of sociability and 
the development of Christian charity in 
all its phases. 

The meetings we have already had 
have brought us, as sisters and friends 
of the Brethren church here, into a clos- 
er acquaintance and a sweeter fellowship 
than we ever enjoyed before. This is al- 
ways the case in working for the Lord 
in faith and love and we testify that the 
Lord is good to us. 

185 Hastings St. 




By Alice Garber. 

We have a home department in each of 
our Sunday schools. At the main 
school we have a special home depart- 
ment superintendent and assistant. Then 
they have called to their aid a number 
of visitors, who go into the homes and 
hear the women — for they have women 
only on their list — recite the lesson or 
study the lesson with them rather. In 
that way God's Word is studied where 
it would not be otherwise. Sister Hoff 
has several German ladies with whom 
she studies the lesson in German. They 
have fifteen members in their depart- 
ment. This is the first quarter they have 
had an organization by the Sunday 
school, but the mission girls have always 
had a few members with whom they 
have met and studied the lesson. 

At Extension No. 2 Sister Sauble has 
charge of the department as part of her 
work in the homes. She has a class of 
seventeen in her home department. 
Last quarter she got a lady to take up 
the work who has become so interested 
that she is now attending church. She 
also hears each one recite the lesson. 

The home department at Extension 
No. 1 is more on the general idea of 
home department work. At the begin- 
ning of the quarter we visit the homes 
of our members and leave them quar- 
terlies and record envelopes, and take 
up the envelopes of last quarter. If 
they study the lesson that marks their 
attendance in the home department. 
With some of our members we study the 
lesson but not with all. 

Some may wonder why this difference 
in methods of the different home depart- 
ments. It is this: The difference in the 
people with whom we are working. The 
most of our people are well educated 
and are capable of studying for them- 
selves. While the most of those of the 

April, 1905 



main school would get scarcely any- 
good out of the lesson if no help was 
given them. 

We have forty-one names on our list, 
but one dear old lady has gone to her 
reward. We find a good many have 
been interested in the study of the Word 
in this way that we could never have 
gotten into the Sunday school. 

The third quarter of last year we had 
twelve members. The fourth quarter 
thirty-six members and this quarter 
forty-one members. 

We received in the collection envel- 
opes for those two quarters $6.42. Some 
of our members pay one dollar per quar- 
ter. Brethren, what do you think of 
that? Those that are not members of 
our church giving four dollars a year to 
support our work! And these are not 
wealthy people, they do not have a large 
bank account or several fine farms. 

One woman that gives her dollar a 
quarter takes care of a dancing hall. She 
has to clean it three times a week, but 
she told me she wanted to do something 
to earn some money herself so she could 
help us in our work. She has four chil- 
dren in our Sunday school. 

Some of our home department mem- 
bers have come into the main school. 
Eternity alone will reveal all the results 
of the home department of the Chicago 
Sunday schools. 

* * * 


Chicago is located on the site where 
Fort Dearborn was established one hun- 
dred and two years ago as one of the 
strongholds of the frontier of our coun- 
try. The ground on which the city is 
built is so nearly level, that in the en- 
tire plat it varies only a few feet. Then, 
too, it is so sandy that the large build- 
ing foundations are built on immense 
piles driven far down into the sand. 
Thus foundations are nearly as expensive 
as the structure itself. 

The city is twenty-six miles long north 
and south along the lake, and nine miles 
wide from east to west. It is so cen- 
trally located that it has become an im- 
mense commercial center. 1,485 passen- 
ger trains either arrive or leave the city 
daily. The number of people that throng 
this immense bee-hive is nearly two mil- 
lion, representing more than forty na- 
tions and languages. The business is 
done in fifty-three banks. It has 263 
public schools, 7 theological schools and 
seminaries, and 33 medical schools. It 
publishes 688 newspapers and periodicals. 
2,900 acres of parks furnish fresh air- 
breathing for the crowded districts and 
sporting ground for the frivolous. 31 
theaters are open to the going public. 
7,300 saloons swing their doors open 
week days and Sunday, and have their 
lights burning long into the night after 
business and churches have closed. 
These are accompanied by an untold 
number of billiard dens, opium shops 
and bawdy houses. 2,691 police make 
their regular beat and report 77,763 an- 
nual arrests and the collection of $112,- 
041.50 dog license. 

Sixty-two hospitals keep a part of 
the sick people and sixty asylums a part 
of the demented. In forty-four cemeter- 
ies the most of the dead are buried. A 
thousand churches and one hundred mis- 
sions are vindicating every form of doc- 
trine in the world, and, surrounded by 
seven thousand saloons, are making a 
feeble effort to stem the tide of wicked- 
ness. Much of the preaching in them is 
food for the intellect rather than for the 
soul. Societies and brotherhoods have 
been almost driven to care for the poor. 
Large numbers of the ministers of these 
churches not only do not denounce the 
drink curse and the increasing reveling 
and Sabbath desecrations, but, on the 
other hand, uphold them and them- 
selves take part in them. Under these 
circumstances it becomes self-evident 
that all people who stand for the sim- 
plicity and the purity of the Christ teach- 
ing are greatly on demand. E. B. H. 



[April, 1905 


By S. W. Swigart. 

If there is any one class of individuals 
in Chicago who more than any other 
needs the good, healthy, religious influ- 
ence of the church, it seems to me it is 
the college student. I am sorry to be 
obliged to> say it, but the influence and 
environment surrounding the student in 
our large colleges and universities are 
not all that could be desired. 

College students in general have a 
reputation of being a rather refractory 
and mischief-loving set. And judging 
from past history, and we might say 
present conduct in many cases, they 
have fairly earned their reputation. 

Not many months since a party of 
about two hundred trained nurses on the 
West Side gave a ball and invited an 
equal number of medical students. Dur- 
ing the progress of the evening about 
two hundred dental students who felt 
that they had been slighted in not hav- 
ing been invited to the ball collected in 
a mob and entering the basement of the 
building in which the ball was being 
held, turned off all the . lights, . then in 
the absolute darkness charged up the 
stairs to attack the pleasure-seekers. A 
general hand-to-hand fight ensued in 
which a number of the ladies were in- 
jured, as well as many of the students. 
Acid was even thrown doing much dam- 
age by burning faces and injuring 
clothes. And only after the riot call had 
been sent to the police station and a 
body of those officers arrived did they 
succeed in quelling the riot. 

The above is one of the extreme in- 
stances sighted here to illustrate the ex- 
tent to which a body of students will 
give way to their baser natures. 

I do not wish to be understood as 
speaking disrespectfully of education nor 
of the institutions of learning, for such 
conduct is far from being sanctioned by 
the officers and faculties of the colleges. 
Neither is it necessary for a student to 
enter into such escapades. On the con- 

trary I think it is an excellent place 
for a young man to show his strength of 
character by using his influence in op- 
position to all such forms of misconduct 
on the part of his fellow-students. 

I am glad that we have a church in 
Chicago, with its various auxiliaries, 
where a student can go for spiritual 
strength and recreation and where he can 
associate with good Christian people 
where, at least, he can feel at home. 

I believe that Chicago, possessing as 
it does, such a large number of schools 
of all kinds, of high standing and wide 
reputation, offers many advantages to 
those seeking higher education. And 
the Chicago church stands ready to wel- 
come all who come to the city to pur- 
sue their education or to engage in busi- 
ness or for any other purpose, and cor- 
dially invites them to come and make it 
their church home while in the city. 

♦*♦ ♦> ^ 


By Ida W. Hoff. 

Not more than one-fifth of our city 
population attend church and not more 
than one-third could find seats if they 
desired to come. Who is responsible for 
the many being attracted to the world 
and the few clinging to the church? 

There are many causes for the es- 
trangement between church and people 
but perhaps the most serious cause is a 
lack of systematic effort in house-to- 
house work. There is not the organiza- 
tion there should be and often no effort 
at all. The work left to every one to 
do is done by no one. In the business 
world and in the political field there is 
development because of organized ef- 
fort and by thorough advertising. 

A safe and effectual way of advertising 
religious services is by means of a house- 
to-house canvass. If political men are 
so careful to get a census of their work, 
how much more careful ought the Chris- 

April, 1905] 



tian world to be in taking a correct cen- 
sus of those not having a church home. 

Who is to go out in the highways and 
hedges and constrain them to come in, 
that my house may be filled? Luke 
14:23. While this responsibility lies 
heavily upon those who are especially 
chosen to serve the church, it neverthe- 
less lends an opportunity for, and lays 
an obligation upon every Christian who 
has for himself a peculiar environment. 
My brother and sister, how often have 
you invited your worldly neighbor, your 
baker or your groceryman to go to hear 
the message of Divine love? Have you 
told them of the rich feast that is there 
given to the hungry soul? Have you 
impressed them with the fact of the 
blessedness of the Christian life? Or 
will they continue the worldly and self- 
ish life and finally say, " No man careth 
for my soul "? 

How may we best reach the masses of 
our city? In our hope to evangelize the 
city or any section of it, we must get 
into the homes of the people to see 
where they live and how they live. You 
are not acquainted with them till you 
meet with them in their homes. By 
coming in touch with them you can ap- 
preciate their situation and needs, enter 
into their joys and sorrows and thereby 
reach their hearts. One who has been 
reared under the influence of Christian 
training is often more receptive to Di- 
vine teaching than one who has never 
known of such training. Another has 
been raised a Catholic but has no use 
for their religion; another is a moral 
man; another a backslider or a poor 
drunkard. Much tact is needed in ap- 
proaching these persons for what might 
be a help to the one would prove a 
hindrance to the other. 

Sometimes one's spiritual nature can 
be reached by first attending to the 
wants of his physical being; again the 
spiritual perception may be awakened by 
means of social enjoyment; and another 
may be drawn toward a holy life by 
means of his intellect. In other words 
meet with them on mutual terms in their 

sphere of life. It means more to work 
with the people than to work for them. 

The non-church-goers are perhaps the 
most difficult cases to reach, but the oc- 
casional church goers — the sunshine 
Christians — need encouragement. Much 
coaxing and petting and urging are need- 
ed to convince them of their duty. How 
sad that precious time must be spent in 
working with those who themselves 
ought to be useful in helping others! 

Does this house-to-house work in- 
crease the attendance with any marked 
results? A Sunday school can be dou- 
bled in a few months by an effort of this 
kind. The attendance at church is ma- 
terially increased whenever the house-to- 
house-canvass is continued. If this work 
is performed in the name of the Father 
and controlled by the Holy Spirit, our 
churchhouses may be filled with peo- 
ple who will eagerly accept the truth. 

♦ «fr 4» 


By O. G. Brubaker. 

In this article it is taken for granted 
that the church and its members are 
arrayed on the side of temperance and 
that everyone is boldly and courageous- 
ly doing his part to suppress the liquor 
traffic. However viewed, or from what- 
ever angle you may look at the question, 
there is no excuse for a Christian who 
does not let his influence act against 
this veritable hell-den, — the saloon. 

There was a time in the history of 
the Brethren church when she would 
have been found wanting on this great 
question. But thanks to the keen moral 
sense of our forefathers, we now not 
only stand on the side of temperance, but 
we also bitterly oppose anything to the 
contrary. As a church we have many 
reasons to thank our God for keeping 
us so pure and free from drunkenness, 
but this does not excuse us from doing 
more. It simply has prepared the way. 



[April, 1905 

Alone, we can do little, compared to 
what could be done if all the churches 
would get together on this question and 
wage a Christian warfare against this 
rapidly-growing curse. It is a good 
thing for an individual to oppose an 
evil; it is far better for a church as a 
whole to oppose it, but how much better 
and how much more effective would it 
be, if all the churches would shoulder 
arms against this hideous crime. 

The churches in Chicago are trying 
to get the saloons closed on Sunday. 
If our little church here in the city 
were to undertake to carry on the Sun- 
day Movement alone, how many saloons 
do. you think we could get closed on the 
Lord's Day? Further argument is use- 
less. The Chicago church has already, 
with many of the other churches of the 
city, voted to use its influence, through 
the state legislature, to close the saloons 
on Sunday. If the saloons were closed, 
as they ought to be, such depressing 
scenes, as little boys and girls carrying 
buckets of beer home to their parents, 
would not occur to mar the spirit of the 
worshipers on their way to the house of 
of God. 

The following statistics will convince 
anyone that there is great need of more 
effective work being done. In Chicago 
there are more than 32,500 arrests made 
annually for drunkenness alone. When 
you know that there are 7,000 saloons in 
the city, you can easily see why there are 
so many arrests: In the year 1880 there 
were 506,076,400 gallons of liquor con- 
sumed in the United States, or an aver- 
age of 10.09 gallons per capita. In the 
year 1902 the number of gallons con- 
sumed was 1,539,081,991, or 19.48 gal- 
lons per capita. This shows an increase 
of considerable over a billion gallons in 
twenty-two years. What will the next 
decade bring forth, if the Christian peo- 
ple of our beloved country do not rise up 
in their strength against this terrible 

Think of the hundreds and thousands 
of homes being torn asunder every day! 
The home, where the love of God should 
reign supreme, is no longer home, but 
a veritable hell in which the children 
grow dwarfed bodies, frenzied minds, and 
ruined souls. God help all of us to do 
more to save the boys and girls from this 
cursed blight. 

Chicago Boys' Club. 

At the request of the Editor the following interesting article was prepared by the 
Superintendent of the Chicago Boys' Club. The Club, while Christian, is not under the 
supervision of any particular denomination. Should there be readers who are moved 
to help in this good work, do not quench the promptings, for the aid will do a great good 
and will be appreciated. 

The Chicago Boys' Club is primarily a 
missionary effort. Situated in the very 
heart of the congested slum district of 
the third largest city in the world, it 
occupies a vantage ground for the spread 
of the Gospel of Jesus Christ that no 
qther institution other than Christian 
can possibly possess. The field of work 
is most complex and calls for an infi- 
nite degree of study as to how the prob- 
lems of converting the boy life of to-day 
into the citizenship of to-morrow are to 

be solved. The Club has been estab- 
lished that it may be used as a means to 
draw the boy of the slums away from 
his haunts of vice and poverty and at- 
tempt by pleasant surroundings and 
practical teaching to divert his mind to- 
ward the fact that there is something 
higher than the life he has known. How 
great this difference is can only be 
known by in turn going to study the 
home life of the boy. 

Different perhaps than any other prob- 

April, 1905] 



Rough, Ready and Untaught Young America. 

lem of metropolitan boy life is that in 
this city very few boys do not possess 
homes, but the sad fact is that the home 
life is nothing higher in ethical charac- 
ter than beastly existence. This state- 
ment can never be understood only in 
the light of the knowledge of facts. The 
end of the work does not stop in thus 
securing the means and equipment to 
deal with this social problem, but the 
greater end is sought by definitely try- 
ing to lead these young souls to realize 
that in Jesus Christ is the highest pos- 
sible life that can be obtained and that 
He is their only means of salvation. 

How necessary it is to reclaim these 
lives is evident in the sinful, ignorant, 
selfish manner of their dealings with 
each other. Prone from their birth, and 
fostered by their environments to lie, 
steal, gamble, swear and fight, nothing 
can even hope to change their careers 
excepting that a new way of living be 
revealed unto them and the great power 

of that life unfolded by the teaching to 
them of a true Christian character. 

The complexity of the problem is 
made evident by the fact that it is nec- 
essary to go into the homes of the boys 
and to give to the fathers and mothers 
the same glad news of salvation in order 
that the seed sown by Christian workers 
in the hearts of the boys may not be the 
seed that is devoured up by the birds of 
the air, but that it may be the seed that 
shall bring forth thirty, sixty and an 

The great need of this work is that 
consecrated men and women filled with 
the Holy Spirit — no other can succeed — 
shall offer themselves living sacrifices 
that this " Darkest Chicago " may be 
evangelized. This problem is not essen- 
tially to be met by the organization 
known as the Chicago Boys' Club, for it 
transcends all human conception as to 
its scope and becomes the issue of Je- 
sus Christ's own sacrifice. The great 



[April, 1905 

cry is, Will you come? No avenue of 
Christian effort brings forth such defi- 
nite results as the dealings with youth. 
No one should make the mistake, how- 
ever, of trying to bring to bear on boy 
life any influence that will prematurely 
make him a man, it is not even natural. 
But if any one is willing to patiently 
mold the plastic life of a child, he can, 
through the Spirit of God, lead that soul 
into whatever plane of life he can con- 

The great religious, economic, social 
and political questions of the future now 
deal with these boys of to-day who will 
be the "men of to-morrow." Then if 
we are to have men of vision who shall 
lead our land into a righteousness that 
shall deal honestly with the future of 
their people, we must have Christian 
men. The boy of honest parentage, the 
boy who possesses the advantages of 
wealth and position is always surround- 
ed with the refining influences of such 
teaching, yet this boy of the boulevard 
mansion needs it no more in order to 
become a true citizen and honest man 
than does the neglected boy who lives 
in the alley stable. Nothing so heals the 
gap of these extremes and softens the 
heart as does the promise of a mansion 
that has been prepared for those who 
love their Master. But how shall they 
learn to love excepting the Master is re- 
vealed to them by us who know Him. 
The poor, beaten, bruised, sorrowing, 
hungering boy life of the slums of Chi- 
cago calls for tears and oh, forbid them 
not to come to Him who waits to give 
them joy in the vision of a manhood like 
unto Himself by refusing to bring them 
this glorious Gospel in your life. 

The work is supported entirely by vol- 
untary contributions. An offering how- 
ever small will be gratefully received by 
the treasurer, Mr. R. M. McKinney, 
cashier National Bank of the Republic, 
or by J. F. Atkinson, Superintendent, 262 
State Street, Chicago. 


By S. S. Neher. 

There is probably no one thing that 
we as Christian people desire so much 
to see as activity in church work. It 
is not only a desire on our part that 
should be fulfilled, but most important 
of all it is a divinely spoken duty to 
everyone that has accepted the saving 
grace of Christ. Ever since the day 
when the angels of heaven sang " Peace 
on earth good will toward men," there 
have been consecrated souls striving 
with the world of sin to bring it into 
the Shepherd's fold. Has all this work 
been a loss? Nay, verily; though the 
world still is nearly buried in the dark- 
ness of sin, we have come to an age 
when there is an army of people that is 
faithfully holding to the Hand that leads 
them in paths of righteousness. At the 
same time we find duties on every hand, 
especially in the cities, where the busy 
indoor life turns man into a selfish in- 
different being; where the boys and girls 
are almost constantly brought face to 
face with the evil conditions that exist 
in every nook and corner of a great city 
and that tend to destroy that brittle 
thread of conscience in the innocent soul 
of' every child. 

Still another condition comes before 
us, that we dare not overlook — that of 
our country friends coming to the city 
and finding such a different environment 
that they often wander to the parks or 
places of amusement instead of search- 
ing out the meeting place of God's peo- 
ple. So often do we find this true that 
though he may have been a consecrated 
worker in his home church, when com- 
ing to the city his religious duties are 
laid aside. 

My dear fellow-pilgrims, as we look 
life in the face let us resolve by the 
help of God to be strong men and of 
good courage, let us join in one spirit 
and march on letting our light shine for 
Christ as a city that is on a hill. Or do 

April, 1905] 



we feel that we are doing all we can? 
Are you greeting everyone possible with 
a smile and a word of cheer? Are you 
bidding welcome the stranger in your 
church and home by a hearty greeting? 
Or are you waiting for some more op- 
portune time to work for the Master? 

when men are leaving the church be- 
cause of indifference and going down 
the pathway of sin, is it not then high 
time that every Christian worker shows 
by his own life it is worth while to be 
a Christian? And how much we may be 
able to accomplish during our life if we 


Chicago Newsboys 
Learning to Draw 
in Chicago Boys' 



Chicago Newsboys 
Learning to Mend 
their own Shoes 
in Chicago Boys' 


Jesus says, " Behold, lift up your eyes 
and look on the fields for they are white 
already to harvest." Dear Christian, the 
hour has come and now is when we 
must throw out the life line with an 
arm of faith and love lest the soul that 
we might save to-day will be eternally 
lost. With such conditions about us as 
do exist, — when the parent has lost re- 
spect for God and even does not wish 
his child to go to the house of worship, 



% WM|B 

Wk&* * 


only work and pray! 

We seem now to be in the dawn of a 
great revival age when some of our 
neighbor countries and many of our own 
cities are taking up the cross of Christ 
in such a way as never before has been 
witnessed by us. May it not be that the 
days of God's visitation are drawing nigh 
and will we be found wanting, or shall 
we be about our Father's business? 

319 S. Hermitage Ave., Chicago. 



[April, 1905 

Editorial Comment. 



Not satisfied with the fact that two of 
her daughters and one of her sons are 
now on the India field the South Water- 
loo congregation of Iowa has opened her 
heart and purse strings and pledged to 
raise $1,200 for an orphanage bungalow 
for the girls in India. 

Perhaps this will place this congrega- 
tion far in advance of the efforts of any 
congregation in the Brotherhood. Yet, 
looking at themselves and their sur- 
roundings, the Master could fittingly say, 
" They have done what they could." 

Let no one who reads this think that 
money grows on bushes or hangs freely 
on barb wire fences like icicles on a win- 
ter day. Such is not the case. True, the 
Lord has blessed the South Waterloo 
congregation with much of this world's 
goods, yet not more than He has blessed 
many another congregation. 

The difference does not lie in the 
amount of wealth, but the spirit of giv- 
ing. In this congregation lives a father 
and mother who have given two daugh- 
ters to the work, sisters Eliza and Sadie 
Miller. Here, too, lives the mother of 
D. J. Lichty. Over this congregation 
have for years presided some of the most 
missionary bishops the church has ever 

The congregation which has developed 
to that point of spiritual life that her 
sons and daughters will offer to go and 
do GO, finds no great burden to give the 
lesser gift, dollars, until the amount will 
reach the thousand mark and more. 

What Waterloo congregation is doing 
in raising funds can be duplicated in a 
number of congregations if in the right 
spirit they will " prove the Lord " instead 
of withholding and thinking they are do- 
ing God's service anyhow. 

It is due to Bro. Harry Hostler, of 
Chicago, to state that some twenty splen- 
did pictures were taken by him and from 
these part of the illustrations appear- 
ing in this issue were made. His pic- 
tures are good and add greatly to the 
interest of the number. 

<♦ ^ * 

For years have members been help- 
ing the Chicago mission. Their dona- 
tions have been clothing, food and mon- 
ey. All have been appreciated. Much 
good has been done. The workers are 
always glad to be thus remembered and 
they realize that with your gifts follow 
your prayers. 

It is hoped that this issue of the " Vis- 
itor," the contribution of a united mem- 
bership in their work will add greatly 
to the interest of the work in Chicago. 

A series of meetings is being held in 
Chicago as this issue goes forth to our 
readers. Shall not all those members 
over the Brotherhood, who read this, re- 
member daily the work in Chicago with 
their prayers, so that a great blessing 
may come to them? And should any 
one be prompted to send a gift to the 
mission in confirmation of their prayers 
to God, send it to Cora Cripe, 660 S. 
Ashland Avenue, for the mission work 
and to Tempie Sauble, 454 Jackson Blvd., 
for the Sunday School Extension work, 
and it will be properly accounted for. 

* * * 



The Home Missionary Society of the 
Presbyterian church has taken a step 
recently, the results of which will be 

April, 1905 



watched by every student of social and 
Christian advancement in the United 
States. At a late meeting this Society 
appointed Charles Stelzle to the peculiar 
position of mediator between the church 
and the laboring classes. Mr. Stelzle 
has been a laborer living in the factory 
district of St. Louis ever since he was 
eleven years old. He is a member of 
the trades councils and believes in 
unions. Several years ago his heart was 
stirred to try to bring the Gospel to the 
laboring man and at once he set about 
doing it. His success, as estimated by 
the church to which he belongs, has 
been such that he was soon appointed 
pastor among the workingmen. 

Mr. Stelzle declares that the working- 
man is without the Gospel, a statement 
needing no proof whatever; that they, 
with others, need the Gospel is true also. 
Whether or not he will succeed in any 
lasting results for Christ remains for the 
future. Whenever the Gospel has been 
lived into the lives of the employers as 
well as the employes so that each seeks 
the other's good and not his own, then 
the problem will be solved. By that 
time there will be no need of unions nor 
a mediator between the church and the 
laboring mam 

Whatever good may be said of the 
movement, it is a sad comment on the 
church general to-day that she has lost 
the vital connection between herself and 
those so much in need of the Gospel. 
Surely the church is more to blame than 
the workingman, for, instead of living 
with the poor and for them, she has pad- 
ded and petted her life into a selfishness 
and ease which creates revolt in the 
mind and heart of the laborer. 

The church should right herself faster 
than through appointing a mediator. In- 
stead of such a bridge over which she 
hopes to win the laborer to the church, 
it would be a thousandfold better if she, 
on bended knee and with broken heart, 
would go to the workingman en masse 
and thus carry the real life to him. 

May this step of the Presbyterians at- 
tract attention and quicken action to- 

wards the thousands of laborers in such 
a way as to cause the church Catholic 
to seek these neglected classes in the 
Christ way. And as sure as there is a 
God, a slain Son and a Spirit who con- 
victs the world of sin, shall the work- 
ingman receive the Gospel gladly and 
with singleness of heart. 

*X* * * 


The " Visitor " is glad to announce 
that on Feb. 23 Brother Jesse Emmert 
and Sister Gertrude Rowland were 
united in marriage at Bulsar, India, Eld- 
er D. L. Miller officiating. Both are 
devoted and useful workers in the mis- 
sion and this union will only make their 
services the more efficient. The " Visit- 
or " family wishes them a long, happy 
and useful life. 

*■ * **» 

The Philadelphia Tract and Mission 
Society has started a movement to se- 
cure the " renaissance " of the family al- 
tar. The society is trying to awaken 
and consecrate conscience on this sub- 
ject, by scattering tracts on it; also, seek- 
ing to interest pastors of churches to 
preach special sermons, which shall bear 
exclusively on the family altar, these 
printed pages and the sermons to empha- 
size, among other points, the fallacy of 
the plea that there is no time for this 
home religious exercise, though many 
make this claim. 

♦fc- ♦$•• ♦> 

A Montana missionary pastor pays this 
tribute to his wife, who is a type of help- 
er not sufficiently recognized: "Were it 
not for my wife, I could not do the work. 
She is organist at every meeting, teacher, 
superintendent of the home department, 
visitor, president of the Mission circle, 
trainer of the children for all programs, 
state secretary of the Woman's Baptist 
Foreign Mission Society of the West, be- 
sides having much company and three 
little ones to care for — and it is impos- 
sible in this town to get help." 


[April, 1905 

Bishop Warren says: "Ten times as 
many children have been taught in Porto 
Rico during the six years of American 
administration as in the four hundred 
previous years of Spanish misrule." 

*%* •"J* *$?■ 

The British and Foreign Bible Society, 
of London, reports that for the months 
of November and- December the orders 
for Bibles from Wales were three times 
as great as previous corresponding 
months. There is nothing strange about 
this. The unconverted man in Wales 
wants the Bible just as much as the 
heathen and the Spirit will lead the one 
just as much as the other. 

♦♦♦ <$» «$» 

Only thirty per cent of the Christian 
women of India can read. Still worse, 
but seven out of every thousand of all 
women of India are able to enjoy this 

♦ * * 

At Santa Mesa, a suburb of Manila 
where the Methodists began a mission 
three years ago>, they now have a mem- 
bership of 150, with 200 additional mem- 
bers in outlying stations. This is com- 
mendable progress. 

There ars said to be in the Turkish 
empire 2,120 mosques, 379 of which are in 
Constantinople. The Moslem clergy 
number 11,600. The American board has 
now in its four missions in Turkey 180 

American missionaries. There are over 
24,000 pupils in its 487 schools connected 
with the missions. 

«f* ♦♦♦ ♦> 

Even those who may not agree with 
Quakers, who oppose war under all cir- 
cumstances, must admire the firm of 
Philadelphia Quakers who wrote a gov- 
ernment contractor as follows: "Re- 
plying to thy inquiry for price on belt for 
the navy department, we would say that 
as members of the Society of Friends 
we are advocates of peace, and feel that 
it is more consistent with our principles 
not to attempt to make money by selling 
it to the war and navy departments. 
We are naturally glad to do business, 
and would say that this is purely a ques- 
tion of principle with us." If the motive 
of greed were always absent as in this 
letter there would be tew wars. 

••J* ••$•• ••$•• 

Nowhere is education so general as in 
Japan. There are 141,851 schools, an in- 
crease from 68,508 in 1890. Of these 
101,248 are for boys and 40,603 for girls; 
88,051 are primary schools, and they are 
regularly attended by 4,981,868 children — 
2,837,529 boys and 2,144,339 girls. 

*• & & 

Judge N. B. Feagan says that out of 
the 3,000 children who have attended the 
kindergartens in Birmingham, Ala., in 
the five years of their establishment, not 
one of these children has been arraigned 
in the police courts. 

April, 1905] 



Dr. Norton, American Consul at Har- 
put, Turkey, has made a report on the 
massacres of Armenians. In Bilits and 
Van, the Kurds with " savage cruelty " 
attacked the defenseless Christians, and 
in Sassan district 5,000 persons were 
massacred, including 2,771 children. 

♦> ♦> ♦> 

A new handbook of one of the lead- 
ing denominations for 1905 states that 
"the religions of the world have 1,430,- 
000,000 adherents, divided as follows: 
Christianity, 477,080,158; Confucianism, 
256,000,000; Hinduism, 90,000,000; Mo- 
hammedanism, 176,834,372; Buddhism, 
147,000,000; Taoism and Shintoism, 57,- 
000,000; Judaism, 7,056,000 and various 
heathen faiths, 118,129,479." 

* * *> 

The total number of ordained mis- 
sionaries in the foreign field is 5,863. Of 
these, 1,999 are from America, 2,017 are 
from Great Britain, and 910 are from 
Germany and the Netherlands. The 
average number of conversions in the 
mission work is about seventeen to each 
ordained missionary. 

* * *> 

Last Dec. 3 the Christian people of 
Marash, Central Turkey, celebrated the 
jubilee of the first Christian organization 
at that place. Though a hall accommo- 
dating fifteen hundred people was used, 
the services had to be repeated in order 
to accommodate all. There are over one 
thousand communicants at this place. 
This is quite a contrast with the sixteen 
who met to organize fifty years before. 

* * <- 

In the Gold Coast Colony of West Af- 
rica the missions are passing through a 
severe testing time. Europeans employ 
the blacks to work for them and then 
teach them to gamble, drink and do 
worse things. The Mohammedans press 
their religion, saying they worship the 
same God but offer an easier religion, 
especially since it allows polygamy. 
What trials the babes in Christ must 

meet, and how blessed to know they have 
the assurance of holding out if they but 
stay by the Lord. 

^ ♦> 4$» 

Dr. S. Gould has been located at Salt, 
the supposed site of ancient Ramoth- 
Gilead in Palestine. The place has about 
15,000 inhabitants, two-thirds of whom 
are Mohammedans. This step of Dr. 
Gould will mean the reopening of a 
medical mission, which has been closed 
for some time past. 

♦ <+ ♦> 

When Dr. H. M. Sutton left Monsul, in 
Turkish Arabia, early in 1903, all medical 
work was closed, and the city with a 
population of nearly 100,000 was left with 
one lady missionary to meet its wonder- 
ful evangelistic needs. An American 
traveler, who visited the place not long 
ago, said that the position of the mission 
was such as missionaries might have 
worked for years to obtain in another 
Mohammedan city. — Church Missionary 

♦J* ♦♦♦ *J* 

The Presbyterian Mission Press of 
Beirut shows in its last annual report 
that the past year has been one of more 
than unusual results. The total pages 
sent forth during the year is 34,577,543, 
an excess of any previous year of 5,746,- 
409 pages. Of this 25,000,000 is the 
Word of God. 

♦:♦ ♦♦. * 

A Baptist missionary in Bengal writes 
that five men, rulers of as many petty 
native states in the southwest of that 
province, are still preventing their 500,- 
000 people from hearing the Gospel. No 
missionary is tolerated within their terri- 
tory, and the British government con- 
sents to this discrimination against 

♦ & ♦ 

The M. E. church appropriates for 
next year $1,800,000 for missions. Their 
present urgent demand is for $2,000,000. 
This means that in about ten years their 
contributions have doubled. 



[April, 1905 

At the close of last November, Dr. W. 
A. Westlake, in Persia, wrote about the 
epidemic of cholera where he was, as fol- 
lows: "The epidemic first started 
amongst those present at a wedding feast 
of some Parsis. I believe the guests 
were about two hundred in number, and 
some of the water, used at the feast was 
taken from a running stream in which 
doubtless was the infection brought by 
pilgrims from Meshed, who had just at 
that time arrived in the town. The bride 
and bridegroom of the feast both died, 
also many of their guests, and soon the 
disease spread to the Mohammedans. 
The governor, the native doctors, and all 
the rich folks fled the city, carrying the 
infection, and spreading it far and wide 
through all the mountain side. I am 
glad to say, however, the epidemic is 
waning fast, and we hope will soon dis- 
appear." — Church Missionary Intelligen- 

* * * 

The Jews of Chicago have opened a 
Home for Friendless and Working Girls 
in the southern part of the great city. 
The dedication was an occasion of great 
interest. For some reason the part of 
our citizenship which is not Jewish does 
not care for association with Jews and 
summer tourists avoid the hotels and lo-i 
calities where Hebrews congregate. 
But these very despised people are past- 
masters in the art of caring for their 
poor, and the criminal class receives but 
scant addition from this source. 
*> * ♦> 

Christianity has, however, made con- 
siderable progress in Japan, and is wield- 
ing no small influence there. After only 
thirty-five years of unhindered work 140,- 
000 converts have been gathered, count- 
ing both Protestants and Catholics, and 
the influence of these is far out of pro- 
portion to their numbers. They oc- 
cupy high positions in all the academies 
and colleges of Japan, and some of them 
even sit in the professorial chairs of her 
universities. Others are editors of some 
of the great dailies and magazines. 

Fifty years have slipped by since in 
1855 Griffith John went to China under 
the appointment of the London Mission- 
ary Society. But two or three workers 
in China have served a longer term 
than he and none stands higher. His 
station has been at Hankow and from 
this point he has traveled over much of 
China. He has done much work in 
translation, especially of the Bible. 

* <♦ ♦ 

The Presbyterian mission in the Can- 
ton field gives new testimony this year 
to the great influence of native evangel- 
ists. In that field there have been 1,284 
accessions to the church, and over $11,- 
000 contributed to Christian work by the 
people during the year. The village vis- 
itors who preach to little groups in out- 
of-the-way places stand for much in this 

* * * 

Among the states, Pennsylvania ranks 
second in the production of whiskey. 
<♦ *• * 

The Moravian Mission and the Berlin 
Mission to the north of Lake Nyassa, 
Africa, have each opened a leper asylum. 
The disease is so common as to attract 
attention of the government officials of 
the country and the missionaries were 
the only ones who would take up the 
work of caring for these unfortunates. 

* * ♦ 

Eighteen members of the Italian Meth- 
odist mission of Philadelphia returned to 
Italy during the latter part of 1904. 
They will carry a better faith back to 
their homeland than is found there now 
in the state religion. 

* * * 

Chicago drank more liquor in 1904 
than in any other twelve months since 
its foundation, with the possible excep- 
tion of World's Fair year, if figures sub- 
mitted by Acting City Collector Mc- 
Carty to Mayor Harrison in relation to 
saloon licenses are a guide. There were 
7,806 licensed saloons in the city in the 
year, or 751 more than in 1903. 

April, 1905] 



In southern India the Gospel is taking 
a firm hold among the women. One low 
caste sister distributes Bibles and tracts. 
But she is low caste so must come from 
her home to the village where she 
works, not being allowed to live in the 
city where she labors. This causes her 
to walk six miles to church and home 
again each Sunday. 

♦> 4» 4» 

An African woman asked this ques- 
tion, which should be asked in every 
missionary meeting: "Why do not 
more come to tell us? Is it because 
they do not love us, or because they do 
not love Jesus very much?" 

♦> ♦> * 

Two Chinese recently accepted Chris- 
tianity at El Ore, Mexico, joining the 
Methodist church at one of their newly- 
organized missions. 

* ♦ * 

The missionaries of the Rhenish Mis- 
sionary Society in German South Africa 
were compelled to give up their work 
because of the war in those parts. They 
are making themselves useful in caring 
for the wounded in the German army. 

* * * 

There are at least eight periodicals for 
students of English in Japan. 
<$»<$» <$> 

A newspaper has been established in 
Thibet, edited by a Moravian missionary 
named Francke. This is the first paper 
published in this remote land, and has 
for its purpose to give the news from 
other lands, to publish short, instructive 
stones, to give instruction in letter writ- 
ing, and to explain the Scriptures. 

*■ * ♦♦♦ 

The Presbyterian church has forty-six 
American missionaries on the West 
coast of Africa and their work is ably 
supplemented by some fifty-five native 
helpers. Fourteen churches with 1,852 
communicants are carrying forward the 
work in an encouraging manner. 

Dr. John G. Paton, the beloved apos- 
tolic missionary, writes that his mission 
is prospering at all stations in the New 
Hebrides Islands. He says, " God has 
given us about seventeen thousand con- 
verts from the heathen cannibals, of 
whom we have educated three hundred 
and thirty teachers and preachers, who 
are now helping us in our work." 

♦ * * 

" God is not short of money for mis- 
sions; neither are the bulk of Christians 
short of money. Hard hearts rather 
than hard times cause the trouble." 

■•$* ••$•• *$» 

The Friends' Foreign Missionary As- 
sociation (England) has decided upon a 
definite experiment, for two years, of 
preparing candidates for the foreign field 
by special training. In this it follows 
the example of several British and of all 
or nearly all of the continental mission- 
ary societies. The new training institu- 
tion is to be at Bournville, near Bir- 

* «?* * 

In Korea, if a man wants to marry a 
widow, he does not need to have a cere- 
mony, but simply pays so much to those 
with whom she lives, and takes her as he 
might take a beast of burden. The price 
at present is said to be quite high, rang- 
ing from $1 to $5, gold. The native 
Christians in Korea are taking aggres- 
sive steps to discourage this practice of 
buying widows in all localities where ag- 
gressive Christian work has been organ- 

* ♦ * 

The Presbyterian church in Philadel- 
phia raised $6,000 for a college in Nan- 
king, China. 

♦ * * 

A Sunday-school teacher has recently 
died in London, England, at the age of 
eighty-four, having taught her class for 
sixty-five years without missing one Sun- 
day and never having been late once in 
all that long service. It is doubtful if 
that record has even been surpassed. 



[April, 1905 


(Exercise for 4 Children.) 

Lift up, O Easter lilies, 

Your cups so pure and white, 
And sing - aloud for gladness, 
For doubt and fear and sadness 

Have vanished with the night 

In resurrection light; 
And Christ the Lord hath risen, 
Hath burst from earth's dark prison, 

All glorious in His might. 

O earth, be glad, be joyful, 

And shout aloud your praise; 
Ye hills and vales and mountains, 
Ye streams and dashing fountains 
Beneath the sun's warm rays, 
Ring out your Easter lays; 
For Christ, the King of glory, 
Hath sung His finished story, 

And love hath crowned our days. 

— Alice Garland Steele. 

♦> * ♦♦* 

By Lucy Larcom. 

Ring, happy bells of Easter time! 
The world is glad to hear your chime; 
Across wide fields of melting snow 
The winds of summer softly blow, 
And birds and streams repeat the chime 
Of Easter time. 

Ring, happy bells of Easter time! 
The world takes up your chant sublime! 
"The Lord is risen!" The night of fear 
Has passed away, and heaven draws near: 
We breathe the air of that blest clime 
At Easter time. 

Ring, happy bells of Easter time! 
Our happy hearts give back your chime! 
The Lord is risen! We die no more. 
He opens wide the heavenly door; 
He meets us, while to Him we climb 
At Easter time. 

First Child. 
A beautiful Easter lily 

Crept forth from the coarse dark mold, 
With its stainless, snowy petals, 

And heart of the purest gold; 

An emblem of resurrection, 

Of the birth of life divine, 
Of a soul cleansed from pollution, 

That spotless in Christ shall shine. 

Second Child. 
" And you did He quicken when ye were 
Through trespasses and sins." 

Third Child. 
O this is the Easter message 

The beautiful lilies bring, 
Let your lives be pure and stainless, 

And sweet as the breath of spring. 

Fourth Child. 
" Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall 
be as white as snow." 

— Lizzie De Armond. 

* ♦> * 

The little flowers came through the ground 

At Easter time; 
They raised their heads and looked around 

At Easter time. 
And every little bud did say, 
"Good people, bless this holy day! 
For Christ has risen, the angels say, 

At happy Easter time." 

The pure white lily raised its cup 

At Easter time; 
The crocus to the sky looked up 

At Easter time. 
"We hear the song of heaven," they saj 
"Its glory shines on us to-day; 
Oh, may it shine on us alway 

At happy Easter time." 

— Selected. 

April, 1905] 




What meaneth the searching of sage and 
of savage, 
The groping of men in the dark, to find 
What meaneth the cry, ringing down 
through the ages, 
"Man is not, he is not, a part of the 

The cry of the soul for a life never ending, 
For love that endureth and powers unre- 
pressed — 
What means it but that in God's visible 
The soul's powers and longings shall find 
work and rest? 

Since Christ, the first fruit of humanity's 
new life, 
From death's dark dominion rose, glori- 
fied, free, 
No eyes need look downward to seek a be- 
loved one, 
No soul shrink from death as a ceasing 
to be. 

'Tis Easter, glad Easter! the grave's gloomy 
Are radiant with light for believers to- 
And death is life's gate to earth's pain- 
wearied mortals, 
Since the stone from the sepulchre's 
mouth rolled away. 

— Ellen T. Sullivan. 

♦ ♦ * 


By Frances Burrows. 

Jesus, my Savior, o'er death and the grave 
"Victory gained, and the power to save; 
Unto believers the glad message gave, 

Victory full, and free; 

Yes, 'tis for you, for me, 

Victory full and free; 
O, it is wonderful, how can it be? 

Victory o'er death for me. 

Jesus, my Savior, the message sent wide, 
At early dawn of the first Easter tide, 
Mary, who sorrowed when Jesus had died, 

Spread the glad news for me, 

Forth into Galilee, 

Over across the sea, 
"Unto all nations" commissioned are we, 

Publish the tidings free. 

Jesus, my Savior, to Emmaus went, 

Unto sad hearts the same wondrous event 

Quickly revealed, and yet others were sent. 

Thus doth he speak to me. 

Jesus revealed to me, 

Risen with Christ are we, 
Wondrous the message we herald to Thee, 

Our risen Lord we'll see. 

Jesus, my Savior, to spread the glad news 
Only the meek and the lowly did choose; 
Service of humble hearts Jesus can use. 

Lord, here am I, send me. 

Service for me, for me, 

Spreading the news for Thee. 
O, it is wonderful! How can it be? 

Canst Thou use even me? 

Jesus, my Savior, has given to all, 
Working, or waiting, a wonderful call. 
So, if we humbly before Him will fall, 

Plainly our work we'll see. 

Jesus receive from me, 

Thou who the heart canst see, 
Unto the least of Thine, whate'er it be, 

Lovingly wrought for Thee. 

♦♦♦ ♦♦♦ *;« 


We never grow weary of hearing 
The dear Easter story so old, 

How angels kept watch o'er the Savior, 
Asleep in the dark and the cold! 

I think that they sang very softly 
A lullaby, tender and sweet, 

They learned in the beautiful heaven, 
While casting their crowns at His feet. 

Then swift in the hush of the morning, 
Ere sunlight had waken'd the day, 

A glorious, bright Easter angel 

The stone from His tomb roll'd away. 

I know there were songs of rejoicing 

As upward they sped to God's throne, 
"All glory and honor to Jesus! 
He lives, and His power we own." 

— Lizzie De Armond. 
♦$♦ <§> <$► 


Thou hast arisen, but Thou declinest never; 

To-day shines as in the past. 
All that Thou wast, Thou art and shall be 

Brightness from first to last. 

Night visits not Thy sky, nor storm, nor 

Day fills up all its blue; 
Unfading beauty and unfaltering gladness, 

And love forever new! 

Light of the world! undimming and un- 
O shine each mist away! 
Banish the fear, the falsehood, and the 
Be our unchanging day! 

— Horatius Bonar. 

2 3 8 


[April, 1905 


You might have called him poor, but 
Joe considered himself a rich boy, or 
at least very comfortably well off. He 
had a home, and lots of boys that he 
knew slept in boxes, or under stairways, 
wherever they could manage to keep out 
of sight of the' poiice. And he had a 
mother, who took the best care she could 
of him and his little sister, though she 
had not much time when she was busy 
all day long over the wash-tubs. Three 
days in the week Polly had to be sent to 
the day-nursery. He had no father, but 
Joe's observation of life led him to con- 
clude that fathers were sometimes rath- 
er a doubtful blessing, and mothers on 
the whole more reliable. He always had 
enough to eat, and both he and Polly 
fell heir to many comfortable garments 
from the homes where their mother 

The red sweater came to him in that 
way, and the red sweater was Joe's pride 
and delight. He could scarcely believe 
his eyes, when his mother unrolled it 
from her washing apron, and slipped the 
beautiful thing over his towsled head. 
Since then he had never willingly been 
parted from it, and though the weather 
had grown warm enough for bare beet, 
Joe stuck to his sweater, and insisted it 
kept him cool! 

Joe had gone into business. The day 
he was eight years old his mother had 
given him a quarter to invest in news- 
papers, and though the big boys kept 
him on a very poor " beat," his pleasant 
voice and cheery face helped him to find 
customers. His mother called him " the 
man of the house," and said she should 
soon have no need to go out to wash, 
but could stay at home like a lady. His 
money was put in a pink mug with " For 
a Good Boy " across the front, and 
every night before Joe went to bed he 
used to count it. 

There was a church on Joe's beat and 
one afternoon he noticed that the doors 
were open, and people were going in: 
men and women and lots of children. 

"Come in if you want to." 

He stood by the stone steps to watch 
them, and followed them up to the door. 
The people inside began to sing, and he 
stepped a little closer, for he loved sing- 

" Come in, if you want to," said a 
young woman, pleasantly, and Joe 
slipped into an empty seat just inside 
the door, and looked about him in won- 
der. Half the seats were filled with 
children, and on a high platform, all gay 
with flags and banners and strange pic- 
tures, a troop of little girls in pretty 
white dresses were standing in a row 
and singing. Over their heads, in big 
gilt letters, were these words: "What 
shall I render unto the Lord for all 
His benefits towards me? " 

" It's a kind of Christmas tree," de- 
cided Joe. 

April, 1905] 



They sang and sang, and then a wom- 
an began to talk to the children, and it 
seemed to Joe as if all the time she was 
looking straight at him. 

She talked about the happy children 
in this country, and what good times 
they had, and then she took a long stick 
and pointed on the map to a country 
she called India, that she said was away 
beyond the ocean, where nobody was 
glad when a little girl was born, but in- 
stead of loving her, and taking care of 
her, she might be thrown out in the for- 
est, or into the river, or left to starve 
and die. 

" My," thought Joe, " spos'n that was 

She told them how the people tor- 
tured themselves, and went long journeys 
on their knees to try to please their 
cruel gods, and how, when a little child 
was sick they thought a wicked spirit 
'had come to live in it, and carried it 
away into the forest and left it there. 
And she told many more pitiful things 
about children in China and Africa and 
other countries, and everywhere the 
trouble seemed to be that the people 
had never learned to know and love and 
serve the true God, and so because we 
were glad and thankful for ourselves, 
and sorry for the other people, we 
should bring our money to help send 
them the good news. 

Then the children began to go up 
to the platform, and put their money in- 
to a silver dish. Almost all of them had 
earned it themselves. The teachers told 
how they had done it, and the people 
laughed and sometimes cried to hear 
it. Then some of the girls went up and 
down the aisles with baskets, and almost 
everybody put some money in. 

Joe wanted to help a little, but he 
couldn't give the money in his pocket. 
That was to pay the rent and it belonged 
to his mother. He watched the collect- 
ors rather sadly but no one ever 
thought to pass the basket to him. So 
he did not have to say no. All at once a 
happy thought came to him. 

" Say," he whispered, pulling the sleeve 

of a young man who sat in front of him 
taking notes of the meeting, " I'll send 
'em my red sweater." 

The young man looked around and 
his eyes were full of fun. 

"" Hand it over," he said, and Joe 
pulled the sweater over his head, and 
was starting for the door. 

" Wait till I come back," said the 
young man, giving Joe his pad and pen- 
cil to hold, and walking right up to the 

" Friends," he said, " there's a little 
newsboy back yonder who has given 
this red sweater; all he has to give. I'll 
buy it myself unless somebody else 
wants it." 

" Bring the boy up," called some one, 
and presently Joe was standing by his 
friend, the reporter, and all over the 
house people were calling out: 

"One dollar; Two dollars! Two-fif- 
ty! " and so it went on until a man in 
the gallery bid ten dollars and came for- 
ward to get the sweater. 

" 'Tain't big enough for you," said Joe, 
looking at him disapprovingly. 

" It is just the size for the boy I 
bought it for," said the man slipping it 
over Joe's head. You just keep on wear- 
ing it till I call for it. Joe laughed and 
then his face grew sober. 

" Then I don't give anything for them 
kids." + 

" Oh, yes you do," said the man. 
" You give what I paid for the sweater. 
See here it goes into the basket." 

"Joe did not really understand; but 
there was the money in the basket and 
there was the sweater still on his plump 
little body and so he wisely concluded to 
go on and sell the rest of his papers. 

"His mother understood better when 
he told to her the story and all he could 
remember of the talk about India and 
China and Africa. 

She hugged Joe and Polly and there 
were tears in her eyes as she said: 
" Sure it is a deal we have to be thank; 
ful for, and it's a pity we don't show 
it more." — Emily Huntington Miller, in 
Children's Missionary Friend. 



[April, 1905 


Frances M. Fisher, of Guthrie, Okla., 
Longs for the Spirit's Outpouring: 

The March Visitor is full of encour- 
agement, and spirituality. I do so much 
enjoy seeing a photograph of the dear 
workers in India and as I read their let- 
ters I call up their faces. I am sure that 
others with me feel grateful for a 
glimpse at them. Is the Spirit Coming? 
The comments under the above heading 
are surely worthy of our careful thought. 
I pray God that it may be so. Oh I long 
to see the time when we shall be worthy 
of the gracious outpouring of His Spirit. 
May the time speedily come when many 
more workers may be sent to the lands 
of darkness, filled with the gracious 
Spirit, to tell of the Savior's love. 

* ♦ *> 
Mission Notes from Juniata College, of 
Pennsylvania, by D. W. Kurtz. 

On Saturday and Sunday, Feb. 11, 
12, the Mission Band sent two commit- 
tees into the churches. The one of four 
brethren visited the Snake Spring church 
and held two meetings there. The other 
committee of two brethren and two sis- 
ters went to the Spring Run congrega- 
tion and held three meetings; two at one 
house and one at the other. Both com- 
mittees report having had good meetings 
with strong hopes of accomplishing their 
purpose — to start mission study classes. 

We aim to train the students from the 
different churches in missions so that 
when they return home at vacation they 
may be able to start and lead mission 
study classes. 

I believe that the sooner we who are 
in college, recognize that we are here 
through the divine guidance of God, led to 
the mountain top to be trained to teach 
the multitude, and that there is a divine- 
ly imposed stewardship, the better it will 
be for the church and the mission cause. 

I hope to see the time soon when each 
of our colleges will be a veritable mis- 
sion center, from which radiates the mis- 
sion spirit in all directions until the 
whole church is filled with its power. 
Let us use Gamewell's watchword: 
" Work as though all depended upon 
you and pray as though all depended up- 
on God." 

From McPherson College, Kans., by F. 
H. Crumpacker: 

It is the aim of our Band here to 
keep before the student body as con- 
stantly as convenient their relation to 
the " ministry " and also their relation 
to the foreign field. As the school year 
closes we are made to tremble for fear 
we have not laid the claims of Christ 
heavily enough upon their hearts. 

Some leave school this year not to re- 
turn to us as students, and oh how we 
would like to have them for Christ's 
work of extending His kingdom. Pos- 
sibly our ways are not His ways. Our 
Mission Study classes continue about as 
last term, however, we have enrolled, 
since the holidays, about ten in classes. 
During the past month one church has 
been visited and our Band was repre- 
sented in a union mission society of our 
town. Our Band and missionary depart- 
ments have begun to lay plans for en- 
rolling students in mission classes next 
year. We would like to get many, many 
of our young members to know the real 
meaning of the Visitor's little article 
which says that out of 70,000 widows 
cared for in one section of India, 13,000 
of these are less than four years old. 
After reading that statement I could 
not refrain from breathing, God be mer- 
ciful to them and forgive me for not 
making a greater effort to relieve such 
conditions. Our Band endorses the Vis- 
itor as a powerful missionary in itself. 

April, 1905] 



From Bible Institute, Canton, Ohio, by 
Sylvia L. Cripe: 

The Visitor comes to us brimful of 
good things, and the burning zeal of so 
many hearts as expressed in its columns, 
cannot do otherwise than inspire its 
readers to a greater effort. 

Since our last report our study class 
has been increased in numbers, and inter- 
est of course is not waning. We have 
completed the " Modern Apostles," and 
as the last lesson was finished there was 
a deep desire with every one that the 
principles, which had been the guiding 
stars of those noble lives, might also 
direct us into more earnest service. We 
are now studying " The Price of Africa," 
which "price" certainly cannot be 
weighed in any material balance. 

We will long remember the practical 
things Bro. G. B. Royer had to say to 
us in the way of preparation for life's 
work. The motto he gave us, to " do 
the next thing nearest Jesus " has been 
ringing through the halls ever since his 
visit a few weeks ago and if followed, 
will surely direct aright. 

Our Mission Band held three meetings 
in the Sugar Creek congregation Feb. 
18 and 19. They were well attended and 
the interest manifested was excellent. 
That they believe in missions was proven 
by their response in the way of an offer- 
ing. Yet other churches are calling for 
the work of the Band. Our prayer is that 
the seed sown may bear fruit for the 

* * * 

Manchester College Notes from North 
Manchester, Ind., by J. H. Morris. 

The missionary of Manchester College 
has been made to rejoice several times 
during the last month. First, by a talk 
from an African missionary; secondly, 
by letters from some of the former stu- 
dents who are out in the field as home 
missionaries; thirdly, by the interest 
which the Bible Society has lately shown 
in missionary work by amending her 
constitution so as to provide for some 
special mission work. 

Mr. W. H. Anderson stopped here to 
see his niece, Miss Mabel Anderson, and 
during his stay the Bible classes had the 
privilege of listening to his description 
of South Africa. We willingly listened 
for about one and one-half hours and 
would have longer had we been permit- 
ted. He spoke of the provinces, lan- 
guages, customs and missions. What he 
gave concerning missions in the " Dark 
Continent," was practical and not theo- 
retical, because he knows from nine 
years' experience what mission work in 
Africa means. 

Again we have the pleasure of quoting 
from a letter of one of our workers. 
This time it is from Lulu V. Sanger, 
of Chicago. She writes about as fol- 
lows: "It has given me great pleasure 
to hear of your good work this winter. 
From all reports, I believe that you have 
steadily grown, not only in numbers, 
but in spirituality. Such news is always 
gratifying — must be to those who know 
the inspiration to be gained from your 
weekly meetings. 

" Here in Chicago, we are doing ' what 
our hands find to do ' for the Master,, 
though small it may be. Our Sunday 
school is growing until now the two- 
hundred mark in attendance has been 

" Long live the Bible Society of Man- 
chester College! I shall ever love her 
and pray for her success because she 
has done so much for me." 

There was a felt need here for more 
definite work in missions and so a com- 
mittee prepared an amendment to the 
Bible Society constitution. The amend- 
ment was'accepted and the scope of the 
work is about as follows: "The Exten- 
sion Work of the Bible Society shall em- 
brace the following: 

" To direct the work of the Missionary 
Reading Circle in the college and vicin- 

" To organize Bible Study Classes 
among the students. 

" To encourage the organization of a 
volunteer Mission Band. 



[April, 1905 

" To arrange for holding Missionary 
meetings in neighboring churches. 

" To provide for occasional lectures by 
missionaries or other competent persons. 

" To secure a missionary fund for the 
purpose of supporting one or more mis- 
sionaries in the mission field. 

"To visit the aged and afflicted with 
appropriate exercises. 

" To do such other local mission work 
as opportunity may afford." 

The committee on this Extension 
Work has begun its work by reorganiz- 
ing the Reading Circle. There will be 
about twenty in the Circle and they will 
have Bro. U. R. Young as director. 

What may these twenty students of 
missions accomplish? Who can say how 
far their influence will extend? If they 
all are as good missionaries as Andrew 
was there soon will be twenty more. 
A man who is on fire will soon set 
his surroundings on fire and so a mis- 
sionary will soon make missionaries of 
his surroundings. These two lines, from 
one of the old familiar hymns, should 
be constantly before the eyes and ring- 
ing in the ears of every Christian: 

" Go, preach My Gospel, saith the Lord, 
Bid the whole world My grace receive." 

* * * 
Mission Work at Mt. Morris College, 
Illinois, by M. W. Emmert: 

The Mission Band, referred to in the 
February number of the Visitor as do- 
ing effectual work in many of the sur- 
rounding churches, gave a very interest- 
ing and helpful program in the College 
chapel. Bro. G. L. Fruit who has been 
attending school here assisted* the Band. 
Bro. Fruit is a minister from Wisconsin, 
the field in which the Band is especially 
interested now. The program consisted 
of talks on the following subjects: Our 
Duty to Missions in General; The Wis- 
consin Field as a Worker from the Field 
Sees It; The Needs of the Field; and A 
Plea for Aid in Supporting a Worker 
there. A collection taken resulted in 
annual pledges to the amount of $34.25 
and $4.17 in money. 

We are glad to report that the mis- 
sionary spirit here is in a state of healthy 
growth. A class for the study of 
missions have been organized. They 
meet every Saturday evening, and spend 
an hour in the study of the book en- 
titled " Heroes of the Mission Field." 
There are now about thirty in the class. 
We have great reason to rejoice because 
of the enthusiastic manner in which the 
young people have taken hold of this 
work. It is an evidence that the Spirit 
of God is moving in the hearts of the \ 
young to cause them to throw them- 
selves into the most worthy work of 
carrying the Gospel to those who have it 'i 

We have lately organized another class 
which, though the subject of missions 
is not studied directly, will doubtless do 
as much for advancing the cause of mis- 
sions as the Mission Study class will do. 
The purpose of this class is to promote 
the spirit of devotion among us; to 
learn the secret of power with God in 
prayer. There are about twenty in the 
class who have decided to read Andrew 
Murray's most excellent little book, 
" With Christ in the School of Prayer." 
We have also arranged a small box at a 
convenient place in which any one who 
has difficulties arising in his Christian 
experience, and which is a hindrance 
to his progress in the spiritual life may 
slip a note containing a statement of 
those difficulties. Each particular dif- 
ficulty is then taken up by the class and 
discussed with a view of finding out the 
best methods of overcoming it. 

On next Sunday evening the Mission 
Society will give a Japanese program. 
A full report of this will be given in 
the next issue of the Visitor. 

* *• * 

Notes from Bridgewater College, of Va., 
by Wm. K. Conner. 

Just back from a trip up the Nile. 
We went as far as Khartum in Egyptian 
Soudan. We found only three mission 
stations in all this country and one of 

April, 1905] 



them Catholic. Think of it! Who will 
hear the call to-day and go and occupy 
for Christ? 

At one of the meetings of the Band 
recently Eld. H. G. Miller was with us. 
How glad we were to have his presence, 
and his words of fatherly advice and 
kindly encouragement. I feel that much 
good may be done by the elders show- 
ing a deep interest in such meetings. 
It will draw all nearer to Christ. 

Now let us behold a couple scenes. 

Scene I. 

It is Tuesday evening. The last sup- 
per bell is ringing. A line of boys is 
moving towards the dining room across 
the campus. Now the last one enters. 
The door is closed. But at the same 
time I see some others moving towards 
another building. The last one enters. 
I see them seated. They have their Bi- 
bles, hymnals, and mission study books. 
The leader names a hymn. They sing. 
They pray. Then well-prepared dishes 
are passed around and each soul par- 
takes. But the body? Look in the 
former room for that. 

Scene II. 

On a Sunday morning while the flakes 
are gently falling like blessings from a 
tender Father's hand a small group of 
young brethren and sisters are seen 
wending their way to a back street to a 
small frame cottage. A bright happy 
group bent on carrying some sunshine 
this gloomy morning into the hearts of 
an aged widowed sister and her widowed 
daughter who reside here. They enter 
and converse freely for awhile. Then a 
portion of scripture is read and a few 
remarks are made, followed by several 
comforting prayers. Now the hearts and 
room are filled with a number of beau- 
tiful hymns. But they must go. " How 
glad we are that you came!" "You 
must come again, we enjoyed it so 
much." And they leave, saying to one 
another: "It was good to be here." 
And homeward they go rejoicing that 
they used this opportunity to help bright- 

en the lives of two whose days are long 
and lonely without the firm step and 
cheery voice of husband and father. 

I might show you a similar group 
in a sick room, or in a room with aged 
sinners. But with imagination's brush 
you may paint the scene. May God help 
us all that we may lend a helpful, sym- 
pathetic hand to our less-favored brother 
or sister. 

* * ♦♦♦ 

Stephen and Nora Berkebile, of Dahanu, 
Enjoy India, but Will More so when 
They Have the Language: 

We are busy at the language every 
day, can read slowly, but do not know 
what it all means. # The teacher says 
we are doing pretty well. There is 
considerable disadvantage in learning 
Marathi here at Dahanu, because of a 
mixture of languages being spoken. 

They have all Gujerati servants and 
speak that language almost exclusively, 
although Adam's work is among Marathi 
people when he goes out in the tent. 

Several have asked us how India im- 
presses us. I can not express, in words, 
my feelings, especially when we sat down 
for the first time in the room that was 
to be our home, for, perhaps, the first 
year. A feeling of joy, wonderful op- 
portunity and responsibility seemed to 
rush suddenly upon me, and Norrie and 
I could only wait before God and weep 
and let the Holy Spirit make intercession 
for us "with groanings which cannot be 
uttered." How precious the Bible be- 
comes when one is surrounded by idol- 
atry. On our way to Adam's we passed 
by a couple banyan trees, under which 
may be seen small stones painted white 
and used as gods by the natives. 

*$*■ ••$*■ ■•$•■ 

Mrs. E. H. Eby, of Jalalpor, India, Tells 
of her Prayer Being Answered: 

Here we are, busy with our language 
study. I enjoy it finely. I scarcely 
knew whether to stop long enough to 
write a line to you, but I suppose you 
like to hear from us once in a while. 



[April, 1905 

I never felt my inability to do anything 
so much as since I am tongue-tied and 
cannot even say anything to the people 
whom I meet every day. I was weighed 
down with this fact so heavily, the other 
day, that I just knelt down and asked 
God to be of greater use to Him, even 
before I can speak the language. I want 
to do something right now. And be- 
lieve me, Bro. Royer, my prayer had 
scarcely arisen from my heart when I 
heard a trembling voice at the door. I 
rose from my knees and found standing 
at my door a poor old man, asking 
for something to eat. I thought to my- 
self, " It is a good thing to fast some- 
times, so I will share my portion with 
the hungry old man." I filled his old 
tin can with " kitcherdy," handed it to 
him. He bowed a grateful " salaam " to 
me and went his way rejoicing. I am in- 
deed sorry I could not feed his hungry, 
dying soul. But my heart was made 
light and happy because I did what I 
could. Does God answer prayer? If ye 
ask in faith believing ye shall receive. 
The dear heavenly Father is blessing us 
abundantly every day. Praise His Holy 
Name. May He bless and keep you as 
He is us. 

<♦ * * 

Florence B. Pittenger, of Jalalpor, Gives 
Account of "Sacred Strings": 

Our teacher is a Brahmin. He is 
very proud of this fact, because the 
Brahmins are the highest caste. One 
day he told us about the " sacred string," 
how it is nothing more than a twisted 
cotton string, but is made very sacred 
by religious ceremony. When a child of 
Brahmins becomes six or eight years old 
this string is placed upon him and he 
thus becomes a full Brahmin. At this 
time the child's parents invite all their 
relatives and caste-men to their home, 
and two days are spent in religious cere- 
mony and feasting. The priest puts the 
string around the child's neck, and "al- 
lows it to pass over the left shoulder 
down to about the knees. He can never 
be without this string or he would be 

outcaste. Should it be torn off by ac- 
cident, he could not move from the spot 
until another Brahmin would come and 
replace the string. Should this happen 
in a jungle or at a place where there 
is no food, and no one would pass to 
carry the news to a fellow-Brahmin, the 
unfortunate man would rather die of 
hunger than move without the " sacred 
string." The last of this month our 
teacher goes to his sister's house where 
this ceremony is to take place. He is 
looking for a big time. He expects 2,200 
of his caste men there. The expense 
will be more than 1000 rupees. What a 
waste of money!! Some people work 
and slave all their lives to pay for the 
religious ceremonies their religion re- 
quires. Some die and never get them 
paid for. 

* * * 

Nora A. Lichty, of Vuli, tells of Her 
Home and Their First Visit: 

Well, it has been cold. We have not 
seen any frost but they tell us that 
plants are dying from the cold. It 
makes us shiver like zero weather. It 
is impossible for us to close our grass 
hut so as to keep out the wind and there- 
fore cold gets in. In a few days it will 
be hot. 

Just now the men have been in for 
their prayers. Every evening they gath- 
er in for prayers. Once or twice I have 
been alone at night and then they came 
in just the same. Some have mentioned 
that they would be afraid, but I wonder 
why a person should be, when all the 
neighbors come in for prayers before 

We did so much enjoy the visits of 
the Millers'. They encouraged us much 
and gave us good advice. They were 
our first visitors in our new home. We 
soon expect more. 

The first of the week Dan and I were 
at Anklesvar. We went one day and 
came back the next. It seemed like 
coming home to get back to our little 
hill hut. I call it a " coop " but never- 
theless it is home. " Be it ever so hum- 

April, 1905] 



ble, there is no place like home." We 
did not get to see brother McCann and 
brother D. L., for they had gone to 
Baroda for a visit. We had a nice time 
with the rest. 

Since I am here in Vuli, I have had 
much interruption in study. The man 
who teaches the mission school is also 
my instructor. He talks English bro- 
kenly but we make out. It is good 
for a person to get out where you have 
to talk. Gujerati words come to me now 
faster than they did four weeks ago. 
The new people are doing nicely, as far 
as I know. If I do not hurry they will 
catch up with me yet. 

«g> <$» <$» 

Sadie J. Miller, of Bulsar, India, Tells 
of the Wretchedness of India Wom- 

Yes, I often think of you people this 
time of the year and the cold, cold 
weather. It makes me shiver to even 
think of it. I do enjoy this climate so 
much. There are so many advantages to 
it. The other day when we were walk- 
ing through a bable grove in the jungles, 
doing village work, the girl who was 
with me said, " My, the way you tell of 
the cold in America it seems to me I 
would die the first week I were there, 
if I went." Well, I suppose it would be 
hard on them for they do so much shak- 
ing even these days when the thermom- 
eter only stands at 52 degrees at the 
coldest. Of course they are so thinly 
clad that a little cold affects them much. 
Sometimes when we are out among the 
villagers we almost wish we were natives, 
so we could do the proper good these 
people need. They are so suspicious of 
us that we must take things slower than 
we as yet have gotten accustomed to do. 
But when it comes to dress, I am very 
glad I am not a native, for I should be 
very uncomfortable most of the time. 

I think Indian womanhood is one of 
the saddest things we come 'in contact 
with here. They are blamed when their 
husbands die and are told that it is their 
fault. We found a high caste widow 

among a village of low caste people. 
After inquiring about her it was all the 
more sad. The second time we went 
there, while singing to the people around 
us, she suddenly darted into her house. 
I looked to see her go and then saw a 
man go into her house. He likely is 
the one who compels her to stay there. 
I suppose he punished her for sitting 

D. J. Lichty's Present Home. 

and listening to our songs. It made me 
almost sick to see how a poor, virtuous, 
innocent person is under the tyrannical 
hand of another. The first time we were 
there she wept while we sung to her. 
I had hoped that we would be able to get 
her away from there and bring her here 
but likely the next time we go to that 
place she will have been removed some- 
where else and however we may search 
she may never be found by us. 
* * *■ 

A. W. Ross, of Anklesvar, tells of an 
Interesting Trip in Visiting D. J. 

Our teacher is sick and this was our 
opportunity to go up and see D. J. Lich- 



[April, 1905 

ty's. At the station was the bullock 
cart and on that we made ourselves as 
comfortable as we could, and were soon 
off to see the Lichty Sahib. 

We went over a very beautiful coun- 
try, dotted here and there with trees 
and at various places we could see 
bunches of toddy palm trees. These lat- 
ter very often mark the place of villages. 
After a ride of about two miles we halt- 
ed at the little, low, thatched hut of 
Bro. Lichty, and were indeed a surprise 
to his good wife. It is only a little 
village but I believe there is good work 
to be done there from all appearances. 
But the people are badly in need of just 
such a man as they now have to direct 
them. And I never saw more confidence 
shown in one man than these people 
have for Bro. Lichty, and good it is 
too. The leader they had before did 
not like them and they did not like him, 
and how could anything be accom- 
plished? I think the trouble was that 
he tried to lord it over them and as 
-he was of a lower caste than they were, 
they would not have that. He was a 
Dehrd and they are Bhils. They would 
tolerate him to be their equal but not 
their lord. I was reading this morning 
in the fifth chapter of Peter where he 
says, " Feed the flock of God which is 
among you, taking the oversight thereof, 
not by constraint, but willingly; not for 
filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; neither 
as being lords over God's heritage, but 
being ensamples to the flock." I think 
I can see more in these verses now than 
ever before. It is so easy for one of low 
caste to feel himself above his flock. 

On Sunday afternoon we went out vil- 
lage preaching. Took two carts, but 
dear old Ublo would not ride for fear 
that our driver would run us over roots 
and chuck-holes. So he walked and ran 
behind, stayed the cart and guided our 
way. A more earnest man I never saw. 
He does not know so much but he does 
enjoy what he does know and is seeking 
for more. Sunday evening the Chris- 
tians gathered around a fire under a large 
tree and there Dan read to them and in- 

structed them from the Holy Word. It, 
indeed, was very interesting to me. 

*♦ * 4> 
Mary N. Quinter, of Bulsar, Tells of 

Village Work and Conditions to be 


We enjoy our village work so much, 
but we have some great experiences 
with some of these people. To some of 
the villages around us we have been 

Three of Our Bhil .'Brethren. 

several times and expect to make a list 
of those in reach and visit them regular- 
ly. We feel that it will be better to try 
to win first those who receive us kindly 
and through them reach the others. 
Most of them give us a warm welcome 
and an earnest invitation to come back. 
In a village about four miles from us 
we have been visiting a sick woman. 
We gave her some medicine and now 
they cannot do enough for us. They 
must make tea for us and give us some- 
thing to eat and drink or they should 
be offended. So the last time we were 

April, 1905 j 



there we each drank a glass of tea 
that was sweetened and spiced till you 
could hardly tell what it was intended to 
be, and we ate two papais. It is no 
hardship to eat papais for they are so 
good. But when they are cut with a 
dingy looking penknife, wiped on the 
end of a dhotie that is none too clean, 
why then some things are more comfort- 
able, to say the least. But putting some 
of our finicky " notions " in our pockets 
we eat and drink and enjoy it because 
we are trying to make friends not for 
ourselves but for our Master. When I 
asked the husband of the sick woman, 
after he had given us the tea and the fruit, 
Would you eat with us? He said, "No, 
of course I could not do that." I said, 
" Suppose we should keep caste and refuse 
to eat of your food, what would you 
think?" He said, "But you are Chris- 
tians." They are friendly to us and 
seem to have much influence in the vil- 
lage. The other day after we had the 
tea and fruit and talked with them a 
little bit, Sadie and Leah (the girl who 
had gone with us), went to see some of 
the other people and as the woman want- 
ed us to stay, I stayed with them. She 
said to her husband, " Now sit down 
and let Missy Sahib talk to us." So he 
sat on the floor in front of me, she lay 
on the bed. I was sitting on the only 
chair in the house and I wish you could 
see the dark house, so empty of comfort 
and yet it is a much better house than 
many we see. There is no difficulty 
in talking about religion to these peo- 
ple. It is the first topic usually, — of 
course they ask all about us first of all, — 
how many children we have? Where our 
husbands are? Where we came from? 
Where we are going? How much our 
clothes cost and where we got them? 
But the real subject in the mind all the 
while is religion. This man and woman 
in whose house we were, say they believe 
in God. And as I sat there and talked 
to them of the story which has always 
been a part of my life but which is so 
new to them, a realization of its mean- 
ing came to me as I had never felt it. 


(Continued from page 198.) 
died for us all. The minister seldom 
has an opportunity to meet business 
men except in his church. How then 
can he expect to win and hold them? 
Commingling is the only way to win, and 
coworking is the only way to hold busi- 
ness men. 

How few, oh, how few business men, 
young and old, grasp opportunities of 
serving God in really doing the things 
He would have them do in their every- 
day lives. " Words fitly spoken are like 
apples of gold in pictures of silver." 
If the business men would be thorough- 
ly consecrated and attend strictly to the 
duties of the church and Sunday school, 
as well as each service during the week, 
they would soon learn to enjoy the 
pleasures of God's house as well as the 
pleasures of business, the lodge or other 
pleasures; they would be willing to give 
their time to the church as they do to 
their business. All men under these 
conditions would grow into a fuller man- 
hood in Christ. Their influence would, 
after their death, be to their fellow-men 
what the leaves of the trees are to the 
soil about them, which in the fall, after 
the trees have borne fruit, being touched 
by the frost, go back to earth to enrich 
it for another foliage; so their lives 
would be a blessing and incentive to 

Business men who have never been 
with God, but who can talk fluently 
about their business, by which they 
measure all their lives, have lost all of 
the most tender sentiments and softer 
human emotions, and the finer sides of 
their natures have been nipped in child- 
hood because they seem to them as 
hindrances in their business It is hoped 
that in years to come our churches may 
have their efforts crowned through the 
business men, who will come to their 
rescue and love to serve our church as 
they love to serve their lodge, their 
business and their riches. 



[April, 1905 




-^ All things come to Thee, O Lord, 

-^ ^4«af 0/ Thine own have we given Thee. 

Offering's are asked to sustain missions on the frontier in the various parts of the 
United States under the General Board, to aid the forty-seven Districts of the Brotherhood 
in their respective fields, to support the work in Sweden, Denmark, France, Switzerland and 
India. The workers on the field labor for a support, the members of the General Mission- 
ary and Tract Committee give their services free. 

A copy of the Visitor marked " Sample " is sent to each person from whom money has 
been received within the time of the acknowledgment herewith made. Should any one 
thereby get two copies, please hand one to a friend. 

See that the amount appears properly herewith. In case it does not, write at once to 
the Committee. 

All mission funds for general work should be sent to and in the name of General 
Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, Illinois. 

The General Missionary and Tract 
Committee acknowledges receipt of the 
following donations during the month 
of February, 1905: 


Virginia — $132.19. 

Second District, Sunday School." 

Pleasant Valley 19 16 


Chas. B. Gibbs, Bolar, $1.25; F. 
N. Weimer, Homedale, $1.00; Ben- 
jamin "Wine, Broadway, $1.00; 
Mary A. Driver, Weyers Cave, 
$1.50; P. M. Funkhouser, Win- 
chester, $5.00; J. M. Kagey, Day- 
ton, $10.00; D. C. Cline, Grottoes, 
$1.00; P. S. Thomas, Harrison- 
burg, $1.50; A Sister, Timberville, 


First District, Congregation. 



John W. Layman, Troutville, . . 

Illinois— $110.77. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 


D. C. McGonicle, Kasbeer, $2.10; 
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Arnold, Lan- 
ark, $1.10; E. Eby, Lena, $7.85,.. 
Southern District, Individuals. 

R. E. Burger, Allerton, $2.50; 
S. S. Miller, Laplace, $55.00; Lan- 
son Clanin, Springfield, $4.00; Jo- 
seph Wyne, Laplace, 50 cents 

Pennsylvania — $80.86. 

Western District, Congregation. . 

Sunday School. 

Walnut Grove, 


M. W. Reed, Morgaritown, $2.00; 
Alex C. Moore, Smithfield, 50 
cents; L. B. Claypool, Kittanning, 
$1.00; A Brother, $2.00 

24 25 

82 45 

6 33 

37 72 

11 05 

62 00 

22 52 
11 01 

5 50 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Spring Run, 3 13 


Mrs. Mary C. Dilling, Clover 
Creek, $1.00; Mrs. Margaret Cal- 
houn, Everett, $3.50; Susan Bech- 
tel, Huntingdon, $1.20; J. Berkey, 
$5.00; Mrs. Emanuel G. Koones, 

Woodbury, $1.00, 11 70 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Harvey C. Witter, Mercersburg, 
$1.50; Wm. H. Miller, Dellsburg, 
50 cents; Susanna Sell, Woodbury, 
$1.00; Geo. W. Replogle, Wood- 
bury, $1.00 4 00 


Ridge 1 00 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Little Swatara, 15 00 


Eliz. M. Gibbel, Lititz, $1.20; 
Henry R. Gibbel, Lititz, $1.20; S. 
Frances Hamen, Lancaster, $3.60; 
Mrs. W. Q. Kreider, Palmyra, 
$1.00, 7 00 

Indiana. — $57.31. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Jacob B. Neff, Milford, $6.56 
B. F. France, Huntington, $27.50 
David Eikenberry, Flora, $3.00 
J. D. Rife, Converse, $1.25; Dorsey 
Hodgden, Huntington, Marriage 

Notices, 1.00 39 31 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. D. S. Leedy, Pierceton, 50 
cents; Mrs. Eunice Early, South 
Bend, $1.00; John Bechtel, Elk- 
hart, $14.00; Addie S. Olinger, 

Collamer, $1.00 16 50 

Southern District, Individual. 

Alex Snider, Royerton 

Ohio — $56.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

W. K. Simmons, Union City, 
$3.60; A. W. Shafer and wife, 
Trotwood, $1.65; E. A. S. and wife, 
Dayton, $10.00; D. S. Filbrun, 
New Carlisle, $2.40; John Stauf- 
fer, Pitsburg, $1.20; F. A. Sellers, 
Old Fort, $1.50; J. A. Miller, West 
Milton, $1.20; C. McNellv, Cin- 
cinnati, $5.00 V 26 55 

April, 1905] 



Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Black River, $12.45; Chippewa, 

$7.00 19 45 


D. B. Hoff, Orrville, 50 cents; 
A Sister, Ashland, $5.00; O. E. 

Frank, West Salem, $1.50 7 00 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Joseph S. Robinson, Carey, 
$2.00; Samuel David, Lima, 50 
cents; David Byerly, Lima, 50 
cents 3 00 

Iowa — $47.27. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

S. C. Miller, Brooklyn, 90 cents; 
Rena Miller, Brooklyn, 46 cents; 
John Rudy, Liscomb, $5.00; Mary 
E. Loudenslager, Defiance, $1.00; 
H. L. Royer, Dallas Center, 50 
cents; Mary J. Walker, Rhodes, 
$16.66 S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, 

50 cents, 25 02 

Southern District, Congregation. 

South River 2 00 


C. M. Brower, So. English, Mar- 
riage Notice, 50 cents; Eld. L. M. 
Kob, Garden City, Marriage No- 
tice, 50 cents; Emanuel Henry, 
Derby, $3.25; L. M. Kob, Garden 

City, $1.00, . . 5 25 

Northern District, Individuals. 

H. E. Slifer, Conrad, $11.00; Mr. 
Luther, Greene, $1.00; W. A. 
Blough, Waterloo, $3.00 15 00 

North Dakota — $28.05. 

Congregations. ' 

Cando, $10.75; Carrington, $1.30, 12 05 


A. B. Long, Bowdon, $5.00; 
Maurice Snoberger, Deering, 
$1.50; Joseph D. Reish, Denbigh, 
$1.00; A Sister, Barlow, $1.00; W. 
C. Lehman, Carrington, $6.00; 
H. H. Johnson, Pleasant Lake, 
$1.50 16 00 

California— $23.75. 


Elizabeth Forney, Lordsburg, 
$3.00; Edmund Forney, Lordsburg, 
$3.00; D. L. Forney, Santa Ann, 

$17.75, 23 75 

Michigan— $18.20. 

Martha Bratt, Dowagiac, $1.00; 
Mrs. Geo. Burden, Albion, $15.00; 
Perrj' McKimmey, Blissfield, 
$1.20; Ella Rairigh, Middleton, 
$1.00, 18 20 

Oklahoma — $22.17. 


Washita, 2 25 

Sunday School. 

Washita, 17 75 


Miss Frances M. Fisher, Guth- 
rie, 17 cents; J. H. Neher, Guthrie, 
$1.00; S. G. Burnett, Cushing, 

$1.00, 2 17 

Maryland — $14.25. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Jos. Y. Keeny, Freeland, $1.00; 
Lizzie Klein, Mt. Airy, $2.00; John 
D. Roop, Westminster, $3.00; Bar- 
bara Merrill, Merrill, $1.75 7 75 

Western District, Individuals. 

A Brother, Frederick County, 
S. K. Fike, Grantsville, 50 cents; 
Eastern District, Individual. 

Annie R. Stoner, Union Bridge, 1 00 

Kansas — $13.08. 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

Ida Frantz, Conway Springs, 
$1.00; T. Glathart, McPherson, 25 
cents; A. H. Lolling, Nickerson, 
$1.00; Lydia Reiff, McPherson, 18 
cents; C. C. Trostle, Nickerson, 
$10.00; I. S. Brubaker, McPherson, 

15 cents 12 58 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

W. A. Kinzie, Lone Star, 50 

Tennessee— $2.50. 


John C. Garst, Blountville, .... 2 50 

Missouri — $1.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

E. L. Shoemaker, Plattsburg, 
$1.00; D. D. Neher, Lee-ton, 50 
cents, 150 

Idaho — $1.50. 

Sunday School. 

Clearwater 1 00 


L. E. Keltner, Payette, 50 

Texas — $1.40. 


Saginaw, 1 40 

Nebraska — $1 .00. 


A Sister, Juniata, 1 00 

Washington — $1.00. 

A Sister 1 00 

Oregon — $1.00. 


D. W. Burkes, Independence,.. 1 00 

West Virginia — $1.00. 

David Hevner, Hughart, 1 00 

Canada — 50 cents. 

Wm. H. Figner, Nanton, Al- 
berta, Marriage Notice 50 

Total for month of February, $ 615 30 
Previously reported, 14444 03 

Less reported in June under 

$15059 33 

4 10 

Total for year so far, $15055 23 


Illinois — $36.50. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

E. P. Livengood, Lanark, $5.00; 
Annetta Yarger, Lena, $2.00; L. 
J. G., Coleta, $2.50; A Brother, Mt. 
Morris, $4.00; Mrs. J. D. Lahman, 

Franklin Grove, $20.00 33 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Macoupin Creek, 2 00 


J. J. Shively, Cerrogordo, 1 00 

Virginia — $21.25. 

Second District, Individuals. 

A Sister, Timberville, $2.00; A 
Sister, Bays, $1.00; Mrs. A. C. 

Jennings, Richmond, $5.00, 8 00 

First District, Congregation. 

Botetourt 13 25 

Idaho — $21.00. 

David Betts. Caldwell, 




[April, 1905 

Albert F. Frantz, Payette, $2.50; 

Mary E. Frantz, Payette, $2.50, . . 21 00 

California — $11.50. 

Sunday School. 

Lordsburg, 10 50 


Roy Wolf, Tropico, 1 00 

Ohio — $11.00. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

I. H. Rosenberger, Leipsic, 
$5.00; F D. Rosenberger, Leipsic, 
$2.00; Christian Krabill, Edgerton, 

$1.00 8 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Maggie Baker Halladay, New 

Weston 2 00 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Wm. Lantz, Baltic, 1 00 

Pennsylvania— -$11.00. 

Western District, Individuals. 

H. L. Griffeth, Meyersdale, 
$5.00; Linda Griffeth, Meyersdale, 
$5.00; C. T. Coffman, Johnstown, 
$1.00 11 00 

Missouri — $10.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Lydia Landes, Adrian 10 00 

Nebraska — $5.50. 


Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Price, Pick- 
rell, $5.00; A Sister, Juniata, 50 
cents, 5 50 

Kansas — $5.20. 

Northeastern District, Sunday School. 

Ottawa, 5 20 

North Dakota — $4.25. 

Sunday School. 

Cando, 4 25 

Iowa — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Alice Rodabaugh, Birmingham, 1 00 

Alabama — $1 .00. 


E. J. Neher and wife, Holly- 
wood 1 00 

Maryland — $1.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

W. H. Swan, Westminster 1 00 

Total for the month of Feb. 140 20 
Previously reported 1789 65 

Total for the year so far,.. 1929 85 


Illinois — $57.00. 

Northern District. 

Christian Workers' Society, Na- 

perville, 16 00 


Mrs. J. D. Lahman, Franklin 

Grove, 25 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

W. I. and Kate Buckingham, 

Laplace 16 00 

Pennsylvania — $43.50. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

Isabella Price, Oaks 26 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

F. R. Cox, Avis, $1.00; Eli Mich- 
ael Claar, McKee Gap, 50 cents, . . 1 50 
Southern District, Individual. 

Bessie Rohrer, Waynesboro, . . 16 00 

Virginia— $32.37. 

Second District, Individuals. 

A Sister, Mt. Sydney, $16.00; 
Mrs. Eliza H. Sharper, Harrison- 
burg, $1.00, 17 00 


Cook's Creek, 1 00 

Sunday School. 

Fairfax 1 00 

First District, Individuals. 

Erne Cline, $2.11; Stella Skin- 
ner, $1.75; Susie Miller, $1.00; El- 
la Woods, 21 cents; Ada Evers, 
$1.25; Carl Beard, 60 cents; Clyde 
Miller, $1.75; Roy Miller, $1.00; 
Anbry Miller, $1.00; Otho Evers, 
$1.75; Elmer Miller, 45 cents; 
Wilbur Simmons, 50 cents, 13 37 

Iowa — $21.85. 

Northern District. 

Mission Circle, Waterloo City, 16 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Henry Miller, South English, 
$1.50; Bessie Miller, South Eng- 
lish, $1.50; Jessie Miller, South 
English, $1.50; Nettie Simmons, 
South English, $1.00; Alva Miller, 
South English, 15 cents; Nellie 
Turner, South English, 10 cents; 
Chester Turner, South English, 10 
cents, 5 85 

Nebraska — $19.50. 


A Sister, Juniata, 50 cents; 
Stephen D. Miller, Pickrell, $16.00; 
M. H, DuBois, $2.00; Emma Mil- 
ler, Carleton, $1.00, 19 50 

Ohio — $14.94. 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Trotwood, $2.10; Greenville, 

$4.00, 6 10 


Mary Burger, Union 3 84 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

A Sister, Ashland, 5 00 

California — $6.50. 


Lucinda Bollinger, Inglewood, . 

Oregon — $5.00. 


J. H. Kreps, Independence, .... 5 00 

Minnesota — $5.00. 

Sisters' Mission Band, Worth- 

ington 5 00 

Indiana — $4.00. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Sister Squires' Class, Wawaka, . 3 00 

Middle District, Individual. 
Mary B. Lorenz, Greentown, .... 1 00 

Kansas — $2.18. 

Southwestern District, Sunday School, 

Walton, . 2 18 

North Dakota — $2.00. 


Fay Beagle, Kenmare, $1.00; 

Dale Beagle, Kenmare. $1.00 2 00 

Idaho— $1.00. 


L. E. Pratt, Payette, 1 00 

Total for month of February, $ 214 84 
Previously reported, 3228 53 

$ 3443 37 

April, 1905] 




Ohio — $32.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

A. S. Workman and family, 
Loudonville, $12.00; J. E. Showal- 
ter and wife, West Salem, $5.00,. 17 00 

Southern District, Sunday school. 

Covington 10 00 


A Brother and Sister, Brad- 
ford 5 00 

Indiana — $29. SO. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pipe Creek 19 90 


Manda Hoover, Milford 5 00 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Barther H. Mishler and family, 

South Whitley 1 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Clemmy Miller, New Lisbon, 
$2.00; Catharine Rowe, Hagers- 
town, $1.00; Sallie Hatfield, Ha- 
gerstown, $1.00, 4 00 

Kansas — $20.00. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Dr. C. P. Shaffer, Morrill, $5.00; 
John W. Fishburn, Overbrook, 

$4.00 9 00 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Stutzman, 

Conway 10 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Mary McCutcheon, Udall, 1 00 

Iowa — $13.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Sister. Sarah Clark, Laporte, 
$2.50; Samuel Hershey, Sheldon, 

$3.50 • 6 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

A Brother, Boscho 5 00 

Southern District. 

Dorcas Workers' Society of 
South Keokuk church 2 00 

Illinois— $16.20. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

W. I. Buckingham, Laplace, 
$10.00; Isabella Foster, Barry, 
$5.20; F. H. Slater, Sterling, $1.00, 16 20 

West Virginia — $12.00. 

Second District, Individuals. 

Mary McAvoy, Bays, $2.00; H. 
Reed, Morgantown, $5.00; O. W. 
Reed, Morgantown, $5.00 12 00 

Virginia — $1 1 .00. 

Second District, Sunday school. 

Timberville, 5 00 


D. Bowman Showalter, Dale 

Enterprise 1 00 

First District, Individuals. 

A Family in Beaver Creek Con- 
gregation 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $10.56. 
Middle District, Individuals. 

Robert Foor, Everett, $3.06; 
Mabel Dilling, Martinsburg, $1.00; 
Irene S. Reed, Riddlesburg, $1.00, 5 06 

Southern District, Sunday Schools. 

Brown Mill and Falling Spring, 1 00 


Harvey C. Witter, Mercerburg, 
50 cents; Dessie M. Ziegler, Car- 
lisle, $1.00; Maggie F. Shiffler, 
Hanoverdale, $1.00, 2 50 

Western District, Individual. 
D. J. Custer, Johnstown, . 

North Dakota — $9.00. 


Willow Creek 


Maurice Snoberger, Deering, . . . 

Minnesota — $7.00. 


J. H. Wirt, Lewistown 

California — $2 .25. 


D. L. Forney, Santa Ana, 

Maryland — $1 .00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mrs. Bettie C. Bostetter, Ha- 

2 00 

8 00 
1 00 

7 00 

2 25 

1 00 

Total for the month of Feb.$ 163 91 
Previously reported, 2710 68 

$ 2874 59 


Illinois — $12.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Kate Buckingham, Laplace, 
$10.00; Irwin Buckingham, La- 
place, $1.00; Lanson Clanen and 
wife, Springfield, $1.00 

Oklahoma — $1.00. 


J. A. Nininger, Coyle, 

Total for the month of Feb. $ 
Previously reported, 

12 00 

1 00 

13 00 
131 74 

Indiana — $10.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 
Ft. Wayne, 

$ 144 74 

10 00 

Total for the month of Feb. $ 10 00 
North Dakota— $1.00. 


M. J. Hoffman, Perth, 1 00 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Frances Musselman, Scalp Level, 1 00 

Total for the month of Feb. $ 2 00 

Previously reported 4 97 

Total for the year so far $ 

Nebraska — $1 .50. 


Myrtle Hildebrand, DuBois, 
$1.00; A Sister, Juniata, 50 cents, 

Kansas — $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 
John W. Fishburn, Overbrook,. 

Iowa — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Barbara M. H. Sona- 
f rank, Dumont 

6 95 

1 50 

1 00 

1 00 

Total for the month of Feb. $ 3 50 
Previously reported, 93 32 

$ 98 82 



[April, 1905 

Indiana — $10.00. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Oak Grove, 5 00 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Cottage Grove, 5 00 

Ohio— $6.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Poplar Grove 5 00 


A Brother and Sister, Bradford, 1 00 

Illinois — $5.00. 
Northern District. 

Sisters at Work, Franklin 
Grove 5 00 

Total for the month of Feb. $ 21 00 
Previously reported 295 68 

Total for the year so far $ 316 68 


Illinois— $10.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

W. I. and K. Buckingham, La- 
place, 10 00 

Total for the month of Feb. $ 10 00 
Previously reported 3 13 

Total for the year so far ...$ 13 13 
Reported under World-Wide 
Fund in June 4 10 

$ 17 23 

In December report under World-Wide 
Fund instead of $30 being credited to J. E. 
Gnagey, $15 of it should have been credited 
to Accident congregation. 

Mrs. G. W. Hull, 50 cents; Christian Work- 
ers, Baltimore, $5.00; A Brother, 50 cents; 
J. A. Smith, 25 cents; M. C. Bell, $1.00; 
F. J. Neibert, $2.00; David R. Beard, $1.00; 
Mrs. Dr. Fahrney, $4.32; Gertrude Ketzel, 
$1.00; G. A. Miller, $5.00; Alice Roop, $2.00. 

Michigan. — Mrs. Geo. Burden, $5.00. 

Nebraska. — Jonathan Selso, $10.00; 

"Helping Hand," A. J. Boone, $3.00; J. 
Martin and wife, $2.00. 

Ohio. — Eagle Creek Sunday school, $7.23; 
Sarah E. Kauffman, $1.00; J. E. Roberts, 
50 cents, Mrs. F. J. Morse and mother, 
$2.00; Noah S. Neer, $1.00. 

Oregon. — Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Lett, $6.85. 

Virginia. — J. M. Foster, $1.00; Sisters' 
Aid Society, $6.15; J. H. Diehl, $1.00; A 
Sister, Knightly, $1.00. 

Pennsylvania. — Mingo Sunday School, 
$10.00; Viola Brallier, $1.00; Jennie Ruble, 
$5.00; M. D. Detwiler, $2.00; Lizzie A. Bals- 
baugh, $1.00; Calvin Mock, $1.00; D. M. 
Adams, $1.00; Miss. Society, per Sudie Win- 
gert, $5.00; Mrs. J. O. Kimmel, $1.00; Baker 
Sunday School, $8.32; W. M. Howe, $1.00; 
S. A. Detro, $7.00; Tulpenhocken church, 
$8.00; W. E. Wolford, $1.00; Albert Hol- 
linger, $1.00; Edith and Ruth Howe, $6.00; 
J. F. and Debie Hantz, $5.00; A Brother, 
Lancaster, $25.00; Pleasant Hill church, J. 
W. Meyers, $10.00. 

West Virginia. — R. E. L. Strickler, $1.00. 

New York. — Densie Hollinger, $1.00. 

Total for February, $264.72; previous 
balance, $374.53; on hand March 1, 1905, 
$639.25. J. Kurtz Miller. 

5901 3rd Ave, Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb. 28. 




Received at Brooklyn. 

Received up to April 1, 1904 $ 276 70 

Received up to Jan. 31, 1905 1842 83 

$ 2119 53 
Traveling expenses during 1904, ..$ 60 00 

Part pay of church lot 1600 00 

Expense on title, taxes, etc 85 00 

$1745 00 

Cash balance Jan. 31, 1905 $ 374 53 

Alabama. — E. J. Neher and wife, $1.00. 

California. — Elizabeth Forney, $1.00; J. 
Williams, $4.00. 

Iowa. — Edith L. Sink, 30 cents; Catharine 
Bluebaugh, $5.00; Franklin Co. Sunday 
School, $3.00. 

Idaho. — Lizzie Green, $5.00. 

Indiana. — Poplar Grove Sunday School, 
$10.00; David Glem, $1.00; Nappanee 
Prayer Meeting, $5.00; Catharine Puter- 
baugh, 50 cents. 

Illinois. — Daniel Mohler, $2.00; Mrs. N. 
E. Lilligh, $3.15. 

Maryland. — Clifford Mullendore, $6.00; 
L. May Highberger, 50 cents; Lydia Little, 
$1.00; Rocky Ridge S. S., $13.00; Mrs. T. J. 
Kolb, $2.00; Monocacy church, $2.65; Union 
Bridge College, $25.00; W. E. Forney, $1.00; 


By balance, $119 88 

Mrs. Mary Emmert, Chicago 50 

Hickory Grove S. S., Mt. Carroll, 111., 

per Geo. W. Delp 10 00 

H. H. Johnson, Pleasant Lake, N. 

Dak, 1 00 

East Kingsley S. S., per A. W. 

Martindale, Pierson, Iowa, 10 00 

Mrs. I. D. Lahman, Franklin Grove, 

111 10 00 

Hattie Ankenbauer, Kenmare, N. 

Dak., 40 

Beech Grove S. S., of Creston, Ohio, 

per Mrs. D. R. McFadden, 1 85 

H. L. Fahrney and wife, LaGrange, 

111., 10 00 

" A Sister," Bays, W. Va., 100 

Industrial School, 2 90 

$167 53 
Faid Out. 

Living fund $ 7 50 

Rent 10 00 

Gas, 1 00 

Help to poor, 5 40 

Support for workers 22 00 

Carfare for mission visits 1 00 

Incidentals, 13 16 

Industrial work 1 10 

$ 61 16 
Cash on hand 106 37 

$167 53 
Cora Cripe. 
680 S. Ashland Ave., Chicago. 

" } Qm ahee Rest." 

3f we believed, we should arise and sing, 
Dropping our burdens at F)is pierced feet, 

Sorrow would flee, and weariness take wing, 
Rard things grow fair, and bitter waters sweet. 

Jf we believed, what room for tear or care 

Wtf)in f)is arms, safe sheltered on Fjis breast ? 

Peace for our pain, and l)ope for our despair, 
Is what r}e meant VJ\)o said. "1 give tf)ee rest." 

Carried in r)im and for Rim, can tl)ey f)arm 
Ot press thee sore, or prove a weary weight 

Ray, nay into tl)y life f)is blessed calm 
Shall drop, and tl)ou no more be desolate. 

Ho more with downcast eyes go faltering on, 
JJIone and sict$ at l)eart, and closely pressed. 

(Thy chains shall break, thy heavy \)ear\ be gone, 
Tor Re Who calls thee, Re will " give thee rest." 


/f^J£-~^ /6,xi^vv< 

The Missionary Visitor. 

Vol. VII. 

MAY, 1905 

No. 5. 

The Early Life of Wilbur Stover. 

By the Editor. 

There were many before Wilbur B. 
Stover who were filled with the idea of 
missions and strongly urged that for- 
eign fields should 
be occupied. There 
had been a success- 
ful mission con- 
ducted by the 
Brethren in Scan- 
dinavia for some 
years: but it was 
left for Bro. Sto- 
ver and his asso- 
ciates to begin 
first for the church 
on really foreign 
soil, — India. 

From hardy 
Prussian stock 
which emigrated to 
America about 
1756, Bro. Stover is 
a descendant. His 
parents and grand- 
parents were tillers 
of the soil, living 
near Greencastle, 
Pa. Here, on what 
is known as the 
Poplar Spring 
farm, about a year 

after the close of the Rebellion (May 5, 
1866), Wilbur was born. Shortly after, 
the family, Jacob A. and Mary Stover, 
with their babe, moved to the nursery 
farm a short distance eastward, where 

Wilbur Wh< 

they remained a number of years. When 
Wilbur was about three months old the 
parents accepted Christ and were bap- 
t i z e d at Brown's 
Mill. The follow- 
ing fall they stood 
before the congre- 
gation, baby Wil- 
bur in his mother's 
arms, while the fa- 
ther was received 
by the church into 
the first degree of 
the ministry. Soon 
after he began to 
walk, young Wil- 
bur had the misfor- 
tune of falling 
down the cellar 
steps and injuring 
his right arm. This 
was so slow in get- 
ting well that dur- 
ing the time he 
learned to be left- 

One of the ear- 
liest expressions 
which the mother 
recalls her oldest 
son making is rath- 
er prophetic of his life. " Mamma," said 
he one day, " when I get big I'm going 
to be a preacher." During his childhood 
he was always content when he sat by 
his father's side " behind the table." 

Years Old. 



[May, 1905 

Four boys followed Wilbur in the 
home, the fourth dying in infancy. In 
1875 the father was called to his reward 
and the mother was left with her family 
of boys and not much to provide for 
them. This change in the home natural- 
ly threw more responsibility upon Wil- 
bur. He took the load up tenderly, yet 
bravely and manfully. He often was 
peacemaker when his younger brothers 

: r i:^ 


Wilbur's Father and Mother in 1862. 

had differences. At twelve he hired out 
to his uncle, J. M. Stover, at $3.00 per 
month for the summer season. During 
the winter he went to school and worked 
for his living. The next summer he 
worked for Bro. Samuel Pfoutz for $4 
per month. Often he felt the burden of 
life keenly. Sometimes when he would 
come home from a hard week's work 
he would sit down wearily and say to his 
mother, " Mamma, I know if papa had 
lived we would not have to hire out 
and work so hard." 

The next year he was employed in 
J. B. Young's grocery store in Hagers- 
town, Md. The family in 1879 moved to 
DuPage county, Illinois, the county next 
to the one in which Chicago is located. 
The following year Wilbur came west 
and worked for some months in a grist 
mill in Warrenville. 

He had an ambition to get an educa- 
tion. Up to this time he was studious 
during his spare moments. The last 
year in Pennsylvania he attended night 
schools. He saved every penny he could 
with a view of going away to school 
some time. It was at this time that 
Mt. Morris College offered for the first 
time free tuition on certain conditions to 
one young person in each congregation 
in Northern Illinois. Wilbur, through 
the solicitation of Bro. S. E. Yundt, was 
the only person who accepted the offer. 
He entered school and took a business 
course, finishing the same with credit to 
himself and the department. A taste of 
school was all he needed. In 1885 he re- 
turned and took up the classical course. 
Having no money ahead, the step shows 
the courage of the young man at this 
time. He worked hard during the sum- 
mers, was economical and ever ready to 
do any service that was right, that he 
might earn a penny to carry forward his 

Soon after he came to Mt. Morris he 
united his all with Christ's cause and was 
baptized in the creek about two miles 
east of the village. In 1885 he was elect- 
ed superintendent of the primary Sunday 
school and in the following year was 
called to the ministry. These labors he 
cheerfully assumed in addition to his 
school work. He finished the classical 
course in the class of 1889 and at once 
accepted a call to take charge of the 
Germantown, Pa., congregation. 

While in college he formed an intimate 
friendship with a most devoted and 
earnest sister, Miss Mary Emmert. She 
is a daughter of Elder John J. Emmert, 
deceased, a bishop of considerable abili- 
ty and well liked wherever known. He 

Scenes in the Home Life of Wilbur Stover 

2 5 8 


[May, 1905 

Mrs. W. B. Stover 

Mrs. Adam Ebey. 

Mrs. D. L. Forney 

gave the greater part of his labors to the 
building up of the Arnold's Grove con- 
gregation in Northern Illinois. In 1893 
Brother Stover and Sister Emmert were 
united in marriage. 

Soon after accepting Christ Wilbur be- 
came deeply interested in missions. The 
fire once kindled in his bosom has never 
been extinguished. His prayer meeting 
talks, society speeches, and daily con- 
versation were strongly colored with 
missionary illustrations and arguments. 
As he matured, his convictions along 
these lines ripened and he began talking 
about opening a mission somewhere in 

In the fall of 1893 the Antietam con- 
gregation, where Brother and Sister Stov- 
er held their membership, advanced him 
to the second degree in the ministry. 
The following winter he spent in evan- 
gelistic work in the East and talking up 
missions. During the spare moments he 
wrote his first book, " Charlie New- 
comer." The little volume has had a 
large sale and has done much good 
among the children. 

But a mission to India was foremost 
in his mind. So thoroughly did he ad- 
vocate it that by the following spring, 
when Annual Conference convened at 
Meyersdale, Pa., there had been, without 
any call from the Missionary Committee, 
more than enough contributed to sup- 
port a mission for over two years. 

Wilbur was the logical candidate for 
the first appointment to the field. He 
and his wife and Sister Ryan, with oth- 
ers who were willing to go if the time 
had come for them to go, came humbly 
yet bravely before the Missionary Com- 
mittee, and then the Standing Committee 
for examination and approval. There 
was " fear and trembling " those times, 
not so much on the part of the candi- 
dates, however, as those who had the 
approving and directing. It was a "new 
move." Wilbur and his wife and asso- 
ciates were " young," " inexperienced," 
" not tried " and many doubted their 
" soundness of faith." Some were for 
them, others were against them. One 
aged elder on being asked about Wilbur's 
fitness replied, " While he does some 
things I would not do, he is willing to 
do one thing I am not, and that is ' Go.' " 
At last, with joy on the part of many, 
sufferance on the part of others, and in- 
difference on the part of still others, ap- 
proval was gained. 

This point being passed, a stronger en- 
dorsement of the new. movement was 
noticed over the Brotherhood. Prepara- 
tions for sailing were begun at once. 
The whole path was new to the Mission- 
ary Committee and its officers, as well 
as to the missionaries, Brother and Sis- 
ter Stover and Sister Ryan, who were to 
begin the work. Mission Boards of oth- 
er denominations kindly rendered help 

May, 1905] 



in the way of suggestions. On Oct. 16, 
1894, in the presence of a few who had 
gathered to say farewell, the mission 
party sailed from New York. They 
landed in Bombay on Nov. 24, 1894 
and in due time Bulsar was selected as 
a station. 

From this on the story of Brother 
Stover's life is little else than the his- 
tory of the beginning of the Brethren's 
missions in India, and this will be left 
for some future time. 

In the fall of 1901 Brother and Sister 
Stover were invited home on a furlough. 

He traveled over the Brotherhood, kind- 
ling an enthusiasm for missions such as 
the church had never before experienced. 
Volunteers, gifts, prayers were the fruit- 
age of his labors. During this furlough 
he published his excellent volume, " In- 
dia; a Problem." 

Returning to India he took up his 
duties with renewed zeal. So deep is 
his love for the Indian and so willing is 
he to make sacrifice for them that he is 
now planning to pull up from the old mis- 
sion station, so well begun, and enter an 
entirely new field, — the Dhang country. 

Bertha Ryan Shirk. 

By Wilbur B. Stover, of India. 

J. S. Ryan was a 
member of the 
Christian church, 
and his wife a 
member of the M. 
E. church, till, in 
1887, both joined 
the Brethren. 
Brother and Sister 
Ryan had a family 
of four girls, Ber- 
tha being next to 
the oldest, born 
Dec. 18, 1872. Soon 
after father Ryan 
had been received 
into the church, he 
was elected to the 
ministry, and 
served in that ca- 
pacity until his 

In her childhood 
years Bertha was 
a happy-minded 

child, who enjoyed the free and health- 
ful life on a farm near Alvo, on the 
prairies of Nebraska. She always liked 
school, and early conceived the idea that 

Bertha Ryan Shirk. 

she would of all 
things prefer to be 
a school-teacher. 

She was a Sun- 
day-school scholar, 
and always had 
been taught to say 
her prayers by her 
bedside in the 
evening. Often in 
those early years 
she would go out 
into the fields 
alone, and sing just 
such words and 
music as would 
come for the oc- 
casion. This kind 
of chanting origi- 
nal thoughts grew 
to be very sweet 
to her. 

Until she was 
sixteen she attend- 
ed the country 
school, and then, taking the teachers' 
examination, she got a teacher's cer- 
tificate. From the time she was thir- 
teen she usually spent her vacations 



[May, 1905 

in somebody's kitchen, earning the means 
by which she would be able to do more 
school, buying her own books and cloth- 
ing. When she was seventeen, she at- 
tended high school, and then one spring 
and one fall wielded the scepter in the 
schoolroom. The first term of a young 
teacher is always one of considerable sat- 
isfaction. Bertha felt that she could 
make her way faster toward her desired 
end when wielding the rod than when 
wielding the dish cloth, — though she nev- 
er despised the humbler toil. 

The winter term of 1890-'91 she spent 
at Mount Morris, and while there she 
lived with Bro. Galen B. Royer, paying 
her board partly by the labor of her 
hands. Then teaching again for eleven 
months, she afterward went to McPher- 
son College for one year. It was while 
there that Brother and Sister Albert 
Vaniman spoke to her of India, and she 
came to feel that her work ought to be 
still different from what she had first 
conceived it should be when she was 
converted, then but a high school girl. 
At that time she thought she would be- 
come a teacher in one of the Brethren's 
schools, and thus fill a place that is 
worthy to be well filled. 

,'Twas .during one of the meetings, led 
by Bro. Daniel Vaniman, a missionary 
meeting, that she resolved for the wider 
work of the church, which would include 
the whole wide world. Her first struggle 
was that of giving up home and the loved 
ones, and the next was to give up the 
cherished hope of being a proficient 
teacher and leader among the young 
people of the church. And when the 
special collection was held on that par- 
ticular occasion, she had nothing else to 
give, so she promised to give herself, 
and also $2, to be earned when she could, 
some time after school. 

On the way home, on the train, she 
sat wondering and pondering over this 
new feeling, over this new-born desire, 
whether now, if it w^ere fully of the 
Lord, He would lead out in every partic- 
ular, ard as she sat quietly in the car, 

alone with many around she w^as en- 
gaged in prayer to be kept on the altar 
and to know His will. On arriving 
home, there was a letter waiting, asking 
her to come and help in the work in the 
city of Chicago, and it seemed so clearly 
of the Lord that she decided on going 
to Chicago at once. 

She had often realized the presence of 
the Lord in answer to her prayers, and 
from this time on she felt that He was I 
closer than she had ever realized Him 
before, and He seemed to be doing ev- 
erything for her that heart could desire. 
It was an answer to prayer that a man 
came, asking her to help in his home a 
few days, and then, paying her more 
than the work was worth he gave the 
$2 with which she paid the money part 
of her former pledge at that missionary 

The year spent in Chicago was one full 
of experience. She was there with Sis- 
ter Alice Boone, and the training that 
work afforded her was a good prepara- 
tion for the work in India, but she did 
not know it at the time. How often in 
the lives of His children the Lord gives 
them something to do, which, if they 
only knew it, is but the preparation for 
other work! 

Some people get it into their heads 
that one of the strongest factors to lead 
a young woman to a foreign and hea- 
then mission field for mission work is 
disappointment in love affairs, but this is 
a crabbed notion due to some disorder 
of the brain on the part of the one think- 
ing so. Bertha had no lack on this line, 
for wherever she went she was much ap- 
preciated and admired as a woman, and 
when she was asked if she would go to 
India, the offer was open to her to be- 
come a teacher-student at McPherson, 
or to take the place of matron over the 
ladies' building there, or to remain in 
the work in Chicago. She said she would 
lay all aside for what she called the larg- 
er field, and took the call as of the Lord. 
She was present at the Annual Meet- 

May, 1905] 



ing at Meyersdale in 1894, and was ap- 
pointed there. She spent a few months 
with her parents at home, and then 
sailed with Brother and Sister Stover 
from New York Oct. 16, 1894. 

Located at Bulsar, many a long even- 
ing in the cold season of the first two 
years was spent, after hours of language 
study during the day, in reading and 
pleasant conversation together by those 
three, Wilbur, Mary and Bertha. And 
Bertha's life in India was happy, full of 
good works, and hope-inspiring. It was 
she who brought the first orphans from 
the Central Provinces with whom we be- 
gan the orphanage work. It was she 
who took the leading hand in establish- 
ing a Sunday school for children who 
speak English, which was afterwards 
closed by the interference of a Catholic 
priest. She felt that the Lord had called 
her to the work, and she was at home 
in it, and never a day was without its 
blessings to her. And even to this day 
it happens that, every once in a while, 
some native men and women, talking 
with the Bulsar missionaries, ask, 
"Where is Missy Sahib who was with 
you at the first? Is she never coming 
back? " 

In December, 1899, the way was open 
for her to return to the homeland, and 

accepting the opportunity she went, en- 
tertaining the hope that she might be 
able to do some work in a hospital, and 
so learn nursing, or to enter some Bible 
school, and spend some time in further 
Bible study. She had come to the desire 
for nursing from her experience with 
sick and dying orphans in famine time. 
So, after being at home a short time, 
and having married, she and her husband 
enrolled for school work, in Los An- 
geles, he entered the medical school and 
she the Bible school, both making prep- 
aration for India. Continuing in this for 
a time, it was finally with much sorrow 
of heart given up, and they both went 
to Elgin, Oklahoma, a little western vil- 
lage, where now they are quietly living 
in their own little home, and enjoying 
the broad fields and the country life, 
quite like that of her childhood. And 
a little girl has come to bless the home. 
Sister Shirk often attends the store and 
post office herself, during the day, while 
her good husband is away with the team 
at other work. And after customers 
have been attended to, and there is time 
between times for a quiet reflection and 
meditation, Bertha's thoughts often re- 
vert to the life and the work she was 
so happily engaged in at one time in 
far-away India. 

Setting Up a New Idol, 

By D. L. Miller, of Bulsar, India. 

Within a hundred feet of the open 
door of the room in which I write, my 
den, as it is called, are several straw- 
colored mud huts of an incipient native 
village. The people are of the Sudra 
caste and, of course, are idolators. I 
have had opportunity to study these peo- 
ple at close range. They lead indolent, 
listless lives and their wants and needs 
are at the minimum of human life. The 
younger children run about entirely 
naked and the older ones, like their par- 
ents, are very scantily clad. They live 

on the scantiest fare, working only when 
they have need and so eke out their ex- 
istence without, what seems to us, a sin- 
gle comfort of life. 

As yet these people have not been led 
to see the sin and foolishness of idol 
worship and that they are closely 
joined to their idols the incident which 
follows will clearly show. When one 
comes in close personal touch with idol- 
atry and learns to know from actual ex- 
perience the hold it has on its devotees, 
one is almost discouraged at the seeming 



[May, 1905 

hopelessness of the case. And yet little 
by little the hideous nightmare of idol- 
atry is being thrown off and the day will 
come, — God send it speedily, — when In- 
dia will be awakened and accept the 
Jehovah as its God and Jesus Christ as 
its Savior. 

This morning,' when I entered my den 
and threw open the door to let in the 
fresh, balmy air, I noticed an unusual 
commotion among my neighbors. Pres- 
ently two men arrived with drum and 
cymbals and at once began making what 
they call music. Then a kid was 
brought, a procession formed and they 
all marched to a near-by temple where 
the animal was sacrificed. Up to this 
time I took but a passing interest in the 
proceedings, for it was not an unusual 
occurrence. Later it was learned that 
the trip to the temple was but the be- 
ginning of a ceremony which was to 
end in setting up a new idol for the peo- 
ple of the village. It seems they had 
neglected the old wooden god and it had 
rotted down and fallen into disuse and 
a new one was wanted. 

A piece of wood, four feet in length 
and four inches in diameter, had been 
provided, and one end of it carved into 
a rude representation of a human face 
and daubed over with red paint. This 
was carried into the windowless mud hut 
at the only door directly in front of 
my room- Inside and outside the hut a 
score of the villagers squatted on the 
ground. The noise of drum and cymbal 
prevented one from hearing what the 
priest said inside the hut. Occasionally 
his voice could be heard above the din 
as he blessed the piece of teak wood and 
clothed it after the manner of the na- 
tives. Then he came out, having the 
image laid in his arms as if it were a 
child, and all present followed him to a 
tree but a hundred feet away, where the 
earth had been smoothed and covered 
with the sacred mixture of India, and a 
hole dug, in which the lower end of the 
post-like idol was set, a little rice hav- 
ing been first thrown into the excava- 

tion. The priest and his helper, on their 
knees, scraped the earth into the hole 
around the post, and it was tamped until 
it was firmly planted. 

Thus the idol was set up and then it 
was decorated with flowers, and a gar- 
land was thrown around the neck of the 
priest. A woman now approached with 
two small earthen vessels, filled with 
water and handed them to the priest. 
He placed them at one side of the image 
and daubed them with streaks of red 
paint. A large cake was placed in front 
of the idol with several articles of food. 
During these proceedings the priest 
semed to be in a state of great nervous 
excitement. As he was naked save a 
breech clout, the working of his muscles 
could be plainly seen. He continually 
bowed to the image, throwing his long 
lean arms convulsively about his head 
and his body shook and quivered in ev- 
ery muscle. 

At this stage of the proceedings two 
chickens were brought and beheaded 
with a sharp knife by an attendant. The 
blood was allowed to run into the hands 
of the priest who drank a small portion 
of it and sprinkled the rest on the image 
and the ground around abput. Apparent- 
ly this completed the ceremony of set- 
ting up the idol and the new god was 
now ready to receive the homage of the 
people. The priest, still kneeling, took 
up a handful of rice and, looking about 
him, threw a few grains on one of the 
villagers. The one thus designated knelt 
by the priest, embraced him, received a 
little rice from him and, throwing this 
on the idol, knelt down with face on the 
ground and worshiped the image. This 
was repeated until all present had knelt 
down and worshiped the idol and de- 
posited some money in the hand of the 
priest. Two small lamps, which had 
been lighted, were kept burning all the 
afternoon and we saw the dim light 
when we retired for the night. 

The sun was setting when the cere- 
monies were concluded under the tree 
and this was followed by a feast, and 

Our Next-Door Neighbors. 
The Idol Priest and Assistants. 
Priest is next to Image. 

Photographs taken by W. R. Miller. All Rights Reserved 


Group of Idol Worshipers. 
Bungalow in which Bro. Miller and 
Bro. Stover Reside. 



[May, 1905 

the sound of the drums and the voices 
of the idolators was heard late in the 

Brother W. R. Miller took several 
photographs of the scene which are 
herewith reproduced. They will give the 
readers of the "Visitor" a very good 
idea of our bungalow, the native village, 
the priest and idol, and the people 
grouped about their place of worship. 

Altogether the ceremony was a sad il- 
lustration of how these people are bound 
by the customs of their ancestors. Spo- 

ken to about the folly of their doings 
they answer, " Yes! We know it is fool- 
ish but what can we do? Our fathers 
and mothers did these things and we can- 
not do otherwise. We are the children 
of our parents and must do as they did." 
Again the hopelessness ' of the case 
comes over me and yet I know that 
God in his own good time will be hon- 
ored by these people. Lord, hasten the 
day when righteousness shall cover the 
earth as the waters cover the mighty 

The Mail Order Business in Mission Work. 

By E. M. Cobb, Editor of the " Inglenook," Elgin, 111. 

As I stand here upon 
the Annual Meeting 
ground, where, within 
a few months, thou- 
sands of saints will be 
assembled, after which 
this spot will remain 
sacred in the minds 
and hearts of many of 
God's people, I am 
constrained to believe 
that the good Lord 
had a special object in 
locating the Annual 
Meeting at Bristol. 
From a missionary 
standpoint it certainly 
will be of inestimable 
value. The Annual 
Conference ha/s not 
been so far south since 
1860, and was then lo- 
cated in the adjoining 
county. In a great 
measure the " land of 
the sky " has been for- 
gotten by our people, 
and it is to be pre- 
sumed that when hundreds arrive here 
from the West, East and North, some 
lessons will be impressed upon their 

' "t - 

,; ? " . 









One of Nine Millions. 

minds in such a way that they will not 
easily be eradicated. 

One of these great lessons that I be- 

May, 1905] 



lieve will be heavily felt by our workers 
is the 

Great Unoccupied Field. 

In traveling from Chicago, over the 
great Monon to Cincinnati, and over 
the Norfolk & Western from there 
to Bristol, I have practically cov- 
ered eight hundred miles, and to my 
knowledge have crossed the territory of 
only six congregations of the Brethren. 
On an average these congregations 
would necessarily be more than a hun- 
dred miles apart, while between them the 
old iron horse would puff gallantly away 
for three long hours, passing cities, ham- 
lets, and beautiful sections of farm land, 
wholly unoccupied by our working 
forces, beautiful valleys, nestled between 
the sunny slopes of the mountains of 
Virginia and West Virginia, which are 
pregnant with natural resources lying in 
a manner undeveloped. The favorite 
scripture that is so often quoted and 
repeated, " The harvest is great and the 
laborers are few," has an empty sound 
and a dead ring as we try to quote it, in 
view of the fact that we allow this great 
territory and gold mine of God's wealth 
to go to waste without being utilized. 
The accompanying illustration is a 
photograph of one of a family of nine 
millions who are ready and anxious to be 
lifted to a higher plane of Christian liv- 
ing, and there are thousands of others 
having paler faces. 

Another great lesson that impresses 
itself upon me is congregational apathy. 
As we are hurled at lightning speed 
through these mountain districts, the 
mind is carried back to the good old 
days when our forefathers rode on horse- 
back for miles and miles to preach the 
everlasting Gospel of peace, but to-day 
this apostolic custom is supplanted by 
what I choose to call the mail order 
business. I mean by this that we, as a 
people to-day, are perfectly satisfied 
when we can enclose ten dollars to the 
Missionary and Tract Committee to be 
spent in some particular line of mission 
work which we may designate, feeling 

that our requests will be fully carried 
out. Did I say ten dollars? Yea, verily, 
oftener one dollar seems to satisfy the 
craving of our souls to save our fellow- 
men. Having done this, it is not neces- 
sary to trouble ourselves further about 
personal effort. We need not make any 
special effort to push out into the cor- 
ners of the congregations and establish 
any mission points, out of which grow 
other churches. It relieves from any 
personal call to go and spread the Gos- 
pel. In fact we are under the impres- 
sion that we have done our duty toward 
the Lord when a few paltry pennies have 
been consigned to the Mission Board. 

What has been the result of this 
apathy? One thing is that very few 
State districts in the Brotherhood have 
called to the ministry more than ten 
brethren in the last five years. This 
means that we are doing our work by 
the mail order idea rather than by feel- 
ing a personal, individual responsibility 
to get work done in our own immediate 
locality. Our church literature is cover- 
ing such a small area now. What a 
world of good might be done if we had 
agents out attending to the distribution 
of it; not agents who arise to their feet 
once a year in an assembly of saints and 
tell them, " If your subscription has ex- 
pired, and you want to renew, come over 
to my house and let me know," but the 
agent who goes out to give good, whole- 
some literature to a people who need it. 
It really is a shame upon our intelligent 
constituency when we know the small 
per cent of actual readers of church lit- 
erature. Statistics show that since our 
Almanac went to press twenty-seven 
names of ministers have been stricken 
from the ministerial list on account of 
death. This is more than one one-hun- 
dredth of our ministerial force, in the 
last three months. At this rate how long 
will it be till we will be a church without 
a ministry? Have w-e no talent in the 
Brotherhood that should be used in the 
ministry? W r here is this talent going? 
Whose fault is it? 

(Continued on page 286.) 



[May, 1905 

By South Africa, as the term is used 
in this article, is meant that part of the 
great continent of Africa beginning at 
the mouth of the Zambezi river on the 
east, and St. Paul de Loando on the 
west, and extending south to the Cape 
of Good Hope. In form it is an irregular 
triangle, the sides from 1,500 to 1,800 
miles long. Approaching from the sea, 
we first come to the coast belt, a low 
narrow strip, at no place over 15 or 20 
miles wide. Beyond this the hills lead up 
to a second region, higher and healthier 
than the first. Still farther inland, thirty 
to forty miles from the sea, we come to 
the vast table-land which forms by far 
the larger part, about seven-eighths, of 
the entire region. This table-land is 
mostly from 3,000 to 6,000 feet above sea 
level, generally flat or gently rolling. In 
the eastern part a range of mountains, 
the Drankensberg, rises at one place to 
the height of 10,000 to 11,000 feet, where, 
for several months in the year, they are 
covered with snow. In the northwest 
central part is the great Kalahari desert. 

This country lies partly in the torrid 
zone and partly in the south temperate 
zone. Cape Town, near the 34th paral- 
lel south, corresponds in latitude near- 
ly to Los Angeles, California, and Hot 
Springs, Arkansas. The climate is gen- 

*The material for this article has been 
compiled from various sources, but most 
largely from " A Library of South Africa," 
by Prof. W. Douglas Mackenzie (now pres- 
ident of Hartford Theological Seminary) 
and Alfred Stead. Special acknowledg- 
ments are due Prof. Mackenzie for re- 
view and criticism of manuscript. This 
author's learning, evident candor, and inti- 
mate knowledge of South African affairs 
give special value to anything from his pen. 

erally healthful and pleasant owing to 
elevation above sea level and dryness of 
the atmosphere, much better adapted to 
the white race than that of the equa- 
torial regions. " There are large re- 
gions," writes Prof. Mackenzie, " where 
European colonies have been founded in 
a climate which is delightful and suits 
the European exactly." 

The industries include the raising of 
sheep, goats and cattle; farming; gold 
and diamond mining, and ostrich farm- 
ing. The wool product of 1899 was 105,- 
000,000 pounds. Indian corn (called 
"mealies"), wheat, barley, and other 
grains are raised in certain localities. 
Locusts and droughts are among the 
drawbacks to farming. Fruits are plenti- 
ful, and include apples, peaches, pears 
and grapes, oranges, lemons, bananas 
and pineapples and wild fruits. The vi- 
cinity of Cape Town is particularly 
adapted to grape culture. Some fruit is 
exported to Europe. There is a rich 
mineral wealth — gold, diamonds, copper 
and coal. Just recently there has been 
found a diamond more than three times 
the weight of any other yet known, and 
valued at over a million dollars. There 
are wooded districts, but large portions 
are destitute of trees. Where trees have 
been planted, great changes have been 
made in the appearance and comfort of 
those localities. 

The ox wagon is a common convey- 
ance. There are some 3,500 miles or 
more of railway. That from Cape Town 
northward extends now some 1,600 miles, 
and is expected in time to connect with 
the line running southward from Cairo, 

May, 1905] 



thus making a through continental 

The larger part of this region is now 
under the British flag. The Portuguese 
control Angola on the west and a por- 
tion on the east coast; the German gov- 
ernment a district in the west. The 
British possessions, which include the 
former Boer countries, are in extent 
about equal to that part of the United 
States east of the Mississippi river. 

The principal inhabitants are natives, 
Boers, British and whites of different na- 
tionalities. The country as a whole is 
but sparsely settled. The white popula- 
tion, according to the last census, is 
876,000; the native population is esti- 
mated at about 3,000,000. W. T. Stead, 
of England, who recently spent several 
weeks in South Africa, says in " The 
Saturday Evening Post," " The popula- 
tion is too scant to afford such a vast 
primeval wilderness even a sprinkling of 
humanity. ... It is a sun-baked, 
rain-washed expanse of mountain and 
plain, across which crawl a few lines of 
railway, single track and narrow gauge, 
linking together the few centers of popu- 
lation that have established themselves 
in the land. . . . For hundreds of 
miles, as you travel by rail, you see no 
trace of human habitation, save the clus- 
ters of native huts, which, at a distance, 
might easily be mistaken for ant heaps; 
and every now and then, in the center 
of square miles of prairie, a clump of 
green trees, through which gleam the 
white walls of a farm house." 

The natives are of various races and 
subdivisions — Kaffirs, Zulus, Hottentots 
and others. Where not changed by con- 
tact with European civilization they live 
in varying degrees of barbarism: igno- 
rance, poverty, superstition and cruelty 
abound. A typical native hut is built 
of grass and clay over a hemispherical 
framework of interlaced branches of 
trees. The smoke from the fireplace 
finds its way through a hole in the roof. 
The furniture may be a few skins, earth- 
en pots and jars, and weapons of war. 

Domestic fowls share this home with the 
other inmates, and cattle run in the 
front yard. A group of such huts 
around a cattle pen or " Kraal " forms 
a native village. The authority of the 
British government restrains warlike in- 
stincts, and contact with the whites is 
changing old customs and beliefs. 
Would that the natives in their contact 
with " Christian nations " might learn 
only their virtues and none of their 

The Dutch ancestors of the Boers first 
settled where Cape Town now is in 1652. 
Later, German and French colonists 
came, and finally became absorbed in the 
Boer race. As to their character, the 
faults or defects ascribed to them are 
nonprogressiveness, prejudice, and cruel- 
ty to the natives; their virtues, sturdi- 
ness, stability, hospitality, patriotism and 
piety. Du Plessis in his " Boer Life, 
Old and Young," says, " When you hear 
of the lives and habits of our old folk 
about fifty years ago, some little things 
will make you smile; they were so very 
simple, compared with all the new and 
better articles we have now." And 
again, " In the old times, as I think, what 
religion we had was simple and sincere, 
with little or no superstition, and with 
no artifice, no vain pretentions to orna- 
ment, no men-pleasing inventions." 

Of the important cities and towns we 
notice first Cape Town, at the Cape of 
Good Hope, an important seaport and 
the southern terminus of the Cape to 
Cairo railway. Its site was first owned 
by the Portuguese. A Dutch colony was 
founded there about 250 years ago. Be- 
ing on the low coast and at the foot of a 
mountain, it is subject to heavy rains and 
excessive heat, while the suburbs near 
by enjoy a pleasanter climate. Its popu- 
lation of over 50,000 is quite cosmopoli- 
tan: about one-half are British, Dutch- 
men and other whites; the remainder, 
natives and Malays, with a sprinkling of 
Chinese and others. 

Four hundred miles due east of Cape 
Town is Port Elizabeth, the rival of 



[May, 1905 

A Congo Village, Africa. From Regions Beyond. 

Cape Town as a seaport, the Liverpool 
of South Africa. Of the 25,000 popula- 
tion, a little more than one-half is white. 
It has some fine buildings, notably the 
town hall, built at a cost of about $128,- 
000; one of the finest streets in Cape 
Colony; and parks. Some parts where 
the natives live are very poorly built 
and untidy. " When the railway, run- 
ning along the coast from Cape Town to 
Port Elizabeth, is completed, it will be 
of great advantage to both towns, open- 
ing up the intervening rich, fertile coun- 
try, well fitted for fruit growing and ag- 
riculture." (Mackenzie.) 

Nine and three-fourths hours by rail 
from Port Elizabeth brings us to Gra- 
hamstown, which has the reputation of 
being the most English town in South 
Africa. Of its 10,000 inhabitants 
one-half are white; it is one of the prin- 
cipal educational centers; the farmers 
are the most progressive in Cape Col- 
ony; living is cheap and good, and al- 
together it is a desirable residence town. 
The gardens, which are considered the 
finest in South Africa, cover 100 acres 
and are well irrigated. The Church of 
England and Roman Catholics each have 
a cathedral in town. The Wesleyan 

May, 1905] 



Methodists are also represented. It is 
the seat of the Bacteriological Institute, 
one of the largest and probably the most 
complete in the world. 

Durban, the largest city of Natal, and 
an important seaport, " has the reputa- 
tion of being the best managed and most 
self-respecting town in South Africa." 
The town hall is the pride of its citizens. 
The population includes a number of 
Asiatic Indians. Natal has been called 
the garden colony of South Africa. 

Johannesburg, in the Transvaal, " the 
city of gold and drink and dia- 
mond dust," did not exist before 
1886. On a barren hillside this 
famous gold-mining town was start- 
ed, and grew in a few years to be the 
most populous city in South Africa, num- 
bering over 100,000 inhabitants. Much 
has been added to its appearance and 
comfort by the planting of trees, Austral- 
ian blue gums (Eucalyptus) and others. 
Mackenzie, writing of the conditions 
there a few years ago, while recognizing 
" the high standing and intelligence of 
the majority of the men who settled it 
and built it up," says, " The very atmos- 
phere of Johannesburg is charged with 
the fever of speculation. The only ob- 
ject of the great majority is to make 
money." He estimates that it will take 
fifty years to exhaust the gold mines. 

Buluwayo, the capital of Southern 
Rhodesia, stands where but a few years 
ago was but a native kraal. It now has 
several thousand white inhabitants. It 
is 1,361 miles by rail from Cape Town. 
According to Mackenzie " there are 
churches of nearly all the religious bod- 
ies." The site is high and healthful. 
The average temperature for the six 
summer months (October to March) is 
about 72 degrees F., of the winter 
months about 64 degrees. The country 
around is well adapted to sheep and cat- 
tle raising. From this place it is but 
250 or 300 miles to the great Victoria 
Falls on the Zambezi, falls that in size 
exceed the Niagara. This region seems 

destined to become a great commercial 
center; somewhere here, it is thought, 
may yet be the Chicago of South Af- 

What of the future? There are yet, it 
appears, undeveloped tracts that offer in- 
ducements to men of intelligence, abili- 
ty and means. Great improvements 
could doubtless be made by the digging 
of wells and the planting of trees. 
" Wells," says Mackenzie, " have been 
opened at various unpromising points 
with remarkable success." Stanley, the 
African explorer, appears to have con- 
sidered portions of the Kalahari desert, 
over which he traveled, as promising as 
the prairies of Nebraska, Colorado and 
Kansas; and expressed his opinion that 
colonists may enrich themselves faster 
here -than in the gold mines. "It is pos- 
sible," writes W. T. Stead in "The 
World To-Day," " that in her fruit South 
Africa may find the new source of wealtli 
the discovery of which is about due, for 
there is always something new turning 
up in South Africa. It began with wool; 
after wool came ostriches, after os- 
triches, diamonds; after diamonds, 
gold; after gold, there now prom- 
ises to be copper; and who knows 
but fruit farming may rival the 
other well-established branches of in- 
dustry in the elements which build up a 
prosperous South Africa." This country 
has her problems which the writer does 
not feel competent to discuss. The race 
problem seems to be a complicated and 
serious one. Closely connected with it is 
the perplexing labor problem. Politics, 
if we may credit reports, are unsettled. 
" The whole country," writes W. T. 
Stead, " is in the crucible, and no one 
can tell what will emerge therefrom." 
Let us hope that the future may bring 
to South Africa peace, prosperity and 
progress; and that this progress may be 
not only material and industrial but 
moral and religious. 
April, 1905. 



[May, 1905 

Does France Need the Gospel? 

By G. J. Fercken, Montreal (Ain), France. 

In order to secure an expression of 
their views as to the most important re- 
ligious movement during the year 1904, 
and the best thing to strive for from a 
religious standpoint during 1905, " The 
Evening Star," of Washington, D. C, ad- 
dressed two queries to many of the 
Roman Catholic and Protestant clergy- 
men of the District, as follows: 

" In your opinion, what was the most 
important religious movement during the 
year 1904? " 

" What one thing is best worth striv- 
ing for during 1905 by Christians as a 
body? " 

Replies were received from a number 
of them, representing various denomina- 
tions. Among the replies was the fol- 
lowing by the Rev. Frank Sewall, D. D., 
pastor of the National New Church: 

" The most important religious move- 
ment during the year 1904 was the break 
in the relations of the Vatican with the 
French government, which may have the 
most far-reaching result of the religious 
movements of the past year." 

The clergyman, living thousands of 
miles from the field we occupy could not 
have given a better answer to the first 
query addressed by the Washington jour- 

For the Roman Catholic church in 
France to be shortly separated from the 
State, without further support for her 
bishops and priests, and shorn of her in- 
fluence and interference in the politics of 
this government, will undoubtedly be a 
terrible blow to her; but the advantages 
of this separation will result in liberty 
of conscience and a greater freedom to 
proclaim the unsearchable riches of 

From statistics supplied by Mr. Rich- 
ard Heath in the " Contemporary Re- 
view," the religious condition of France 
is one that may be almost described as 
a prevailing irreligion. The great hope 

throughout all the general contempt and 
indifference is, that where the old faiths 
have so manifestly become powerless to 
touch the hearts and to reach and satisfy 
the intellectual wants of the people, new 
and living and purifying principles may 
affect their individual, social and national 
life. Meanwhile, Mr. Heath's figures are 
sufficiently convincing to incite the 
Brotherhood to encourage our mission in 

Not long ago a census was taken in 
an adjoining department, and it was 
found that, out of a population of 215,- 
883, only 5,200 persons attended mass. 
On an average, in every village of 500 
inhabitants, only 10 persons, not officials 
or children, go to mass. In 80 com- 
munes (villages), out of the 416 included 
in the inquiry, the churches were shut 
all the year round. This census of one 
department fits well our department of 
Ain, and all the 86 departments of 
France. All these are the fruits of the 
church which prides herself on being the 
oldest, purest, most holy and most Chris- 

The answer of the Washington minis- 
ter to the second question is therefore 
very significant: 

" As to the ' one thing best worth striv- 
ing for during 1905 ' . . . I know 
that specific lines of cooperative work 
might be mentioned. . . . But even 
behind and above all specific work lies 
ever-predominant the one great need and 
duty of preaching the Word of God as 
the divine basis on which to build up a 
public and private conscience, and so se- 
cure the best foundation for all kinds of 
specific reformatory work. If ministers 
can hide the Word of God in the hearts 
of the people there will be much less 
need of reform legislation and police- 
made morality." 

Reader, I am sure that to this you 
will say with me a hearty Amen! 

May, 1905] 



By D. W. Kurtz, of Huntingdon, Pa. 

There are few subjects in the Bible of 
greater interest to me than this subject, 
Giving. Space does not allow me to dis- 
cuss its most interesting phase — God's 
plan for developing the Christian char- 
acter by this means — but we shall con- 
sider only the bare statements of fact. 

Why did God ask His children to of- 
fer sacrifices and bring offerings to Him? 
Did He have need of them? Was there 
any gain to God? Does not God own 
everything? Why slay the best sheep 
and oxen and sacrifice them to the Lord? 
Who was to gain by this service? What 
Christian qualities were developed by it? 
What does the sacrifice in the Old Testa- 
ment typify in the New? Did God ask 
more of the Jew than He does of us? 
These are interesting questions and I 
should enjoy speaking about each one of 

The idea of giving was from the be- 
ginning. Cain and Abel brought their 
offerings to God. Abraham, after his 
sucessful expedition, gave tithes (one- 
tenth of the spoil) to Melchizedek. Gen. 
14: 20. (See also Heb. 7: 6-20.) Jacob 
vowed to give God the tenth cff all his 
income. Gen. 28: 22. This practice was 
obligatory to the Jews. " And all the 
tithe of the land, whether of the seed 
of the land or of the fruit of the tree 
is the Lord's; it is holy unto the Lord." 
Lev. 27: 30. In Deut. 14: 22 we read of 
a tithe for the feasts; and in the 28th 
verse another tithe every third year for 
the poor. In Deut. 18: 4 is the com- 
mand to give the tithes for the Levites. 
Besides these obligations they were to 
make freewill offerings according to their 
increase. Deut. 16: 10. Some commen- 
tators insist upon the above as distinct 
tithes, making an average annual obliga- 

*The next and last article of this series 
is " Our Stewardship." 

tion of two and one-third tithes, plus the 
freewill offerings, which amounts to 
nearly one-half the entire income. Let 
us take the least possible that the de- 
voted Jew had to give and it is annually 
one and one-third tenths plus the free- 
will offering according to his ability. 
The Jew could not begin " to give " un- 
til he paid his tithes — his debt to God. 
We must be just, before we can be gen- 

Why did God demand this? "That 
thou mayest learn to fear the Lord thy 
God alway." Deut. 14: 23. We can un- 
derstand giving better by noticing the 
following: "All the earth is mine" (Ex. 
19: 5). " The silver is mine, and the gold 
is mine, saith the Lord of hosts " (Hag. 
2: 8). "All souls are mine" (Ezek. 18: 
4). "The earth is the Lord's and the 
fullness thereof, the world and they that 
dwell therein" (Psa. 24: 1). "For the 
land is mine; for ye are strangers and 
sojourners with me" (Lev. 25: 23). 
" Thou shalt remember Jehovah thy God, 
for it is he that giveth thee power to get 
wealth" (Deut. 8: 18). Do we believe 
these passages? Why then is it so hard 
to give when nothing belongs to us? 

What were the consequences of neg- 
ligence in performing these duties? 
Spiritual decline in every instance. How 
did God consider such negligence? See 
Mai. 3: 8-10. "Will a man rob God? 
yet ye rob me ... in tithes and of- 
ferings. Ye are cursed with a curse; 
for ye rob me, even this whole nation." 
Now let us look at the promise and its 
condition in the next verse. " Bring ye 
the whole tithe into the storehouse, that 
there may be food in my house, and 
prove me now herewith ... if I will 
not open the windows of heaven and 
pour you out a blessing that there will 
not be room enough to receive it." Do 



[May, 1905 

we believe this? God wants us to 
" prove " Him, — to try Him. 

The law of the tithe must have been 
universal before the dispersion, for to- 
day there is no nation on earth (except 
the Christian nations), however barbar- 
ous it may be, that does not pay at least 
a tithe for its religion. 

Some object that the law of the tithe 
is only an Old Testament practice and 
we are under the New. Let us see what 
Jesus says about this. " Think not that 
I am come to destroy the law or the 
prophets; I came not to destroy but to 
fulfill. For verily I say unto you, Till 
heaven and earth pass away, one jot or 
one tittle shall in no wise pass away 
from the law till all things be accom- 
plished." Matt. 5: 17. (See also Rev. 
22: 18, 19.) Jesus never changed the 
law of the tithe, but in Matt. 23: 23 both 
recognizes and commands it: "Ye tithe 
mint, anise and cummin . . . but 
these ye ought to have done." What is 
the thought here? The language plainly 
teaches that tithing is a matter-of-fact 
principle, a fixed law that needs no com- 
ment; but Jesus reminds them that there 
are other duties also, such as law, justice, 
mercy, faith, which are necessary com- 
plements. John the Baptist says: "He 
that hath two coats, let him impart to 
him that hath none; and he that hath 
food, let him do likewise" (Luke 3: 11). 
This is more than a tenth, this means 
half. Zaccheus gave one-half of all his 
income and Christ abode with him. 
Paul, in writing to the Corinthian breth- 
ren (1 Cor. 16: 2), who were accustomed 
to give the tenth, says, " On the first day 

of the week let each one of you lay by 
him in store as he may prosper, that no 
collections be made when I come." 
Paul urges liberality — not only a tenth, 
but " as he may prosper." He also 
teaches systematic and proportionate 
giving. Systematic, because at definite 
and regular intervals. Proportionate, 
because reckoned on the income. This is 
the only business method and therefore 
the only Christian method to deal with 
our Lord taught in the New Testament. 
It is based on the law of the tithe, but 
expects more. 

What does Jesus say about giving? 
Does he ask so much? See Luke 14: 33. 
" So therefore whosoever he be of you 
who renounceth not all that he hath, 
he cannot be my disciple." 

What is the conclusion? God owns 
all the wealth, He owns us. " He has 
given us the power to get wealth." He 
has entrusted it to us as His stewards 
who are responsible for the disposition 
we make of it. He has given four-fifths 
of the world's wealth into the hands of 
one-fifth of the people (the Christian 
people). He has given us directions how 
to use this power: "Go." "Feed my 
sheep." " Give ye them to eat." " Do all 
for the honor and glory of God." " Free- 
ly ye have received, freely give." " In- 
asmuch as ye have done it unto one of 
the least* of these, my brethren, ye have 
done it unto me." " Be not deceived, 
God is not mocked, for what a man sow- 
eth, that shall he also reap." " If ye 
know these things, happy are ye if ye 
do them," for " Lo, I am with you al- 
way, even to the end of the age." 

Crossing the South Mountain. 

By Rebecca Bowman, of Harrisonburg, Va. 

" Good-by, brother, we hope to have 
the best of news concerning you real 
soon. May the Lord bless and help 
you." Then we took our places in the 

buggy and with a flick of the lines and 
a word to the horse to go, we drove 
through the gate and left this strong, 
rugged man of the hills, who had shown 

May, 1905 



Going- to Church. 

us such kindly hospitality, standing there 
helplessly speechless, and smiling bash- 
fully as any schoolboy over our fare- 

My brother, J. W., and I were now 
leaving the old Kesner homestead, one 
of the most pleasant mountain homes we 
were permitted to visit. The farm lies 
immediately on the top of the South 
Fork Mountain and, in point of situation 
and surroundings, is a most lovely and 
ideal spot. Here, for a number of years, 
the Brethren have made appointments 
and held preaching services in the home 
as often as they came. 

The road we take at first tends slightly 
upward and winds beneath some fine old 
trees common to these mountain forests. 
Within a mile of the Kesner farm we 
pass a small log house and as we come to 
the clearing, we discover the entire fami- 
ly waiting outside— the older people had 
been to meeting the night before. There 
was the mother, bare of head and foot, 
and three or four small children clus- 
tered shyly near, while the father stood 
holding the baby on his arm, a dear little 
child of some six months or more, that 
it might share with him our greeting as 
we passed. How timid we find these se- 
cluded people, and yet what a wealth of 
love and affection shines out of their 
trusting eyes. God bless them every 

From here our road becomes more dif- 
ficult. Over stumps and stones and fall- 
en logs, brushed on either hand by the 
dense undergrowth of bushes, and we es- 



[May, 1905 

cape a severe wetting from the dripping 
leaves only by wrapping ourselves in our 
heavy shawl and coat. The evening be- 
fore we had a nice rain and now at this 
early morning hour every bit of foliage 
was streaming under a heavy fog. As it 
was our faces were treated to more than 
one shower bath from the brushing 
branches as we passed along. 

We were also hindered from viewing 
some fine scenery, but sometimes had 
glimpses of a number of the nearer 
points and were thus able to form an 
idea of the grandeur of the sights to be 
had on a clear day. How forcibly the 
sublime mountains, the awesome rocks, 
and wonderful hills bear testimony to a 
divine and all-powerful God. The hu- 
man mind could never conceive, much 
less compass, it all. Praise, praise to 
His wonderful name! 

During our drive we meet a solitary 
horseman as we make our way along 
the top of the mountain. He had fas- 
tened on either side of his saddle an 
immense wool pack and was on his way 
to the carding mill to have it prepared 
for the spinning. 

We also notice an abundance of whor- 
tleberry bushes growing by the road, 
some of which were yet in bloom. The 
blossom of this fruit is an exceedingly 
attractive flower, of Waxen whiteness, 
delicate and as modest in appearance as 
the lily of the valley. 

The road now begins to descend, and 
we had not gone far until I suddenly 
exclaimed, "Joe, you must let me out. 
Surely we can never get oyer this place 
with the buggy." " Oh, no," he replied 
soothingly, " not yet. You will have 
walking enough to do after awhile." 
Then coaxingly to the horse, " Steady, 
now, Clay, steady, steady, old fellow," 
then as the buggy lurched first on one 
side then desperately on the other, I 
settled back resignedly, with a long- 
drawn breath of relief, while Joe re- 
marked evenly, " Now we are over all 
right," then briskly, " Go on, Clay, move 
along, sir." 

So down, steadily down we wended 
our way for some time and by and by 
came to a gate. My brother got out 
and held the gate open for me to drive 
through. After looking in vain where to 
direct the horse, I gave it up and ex- 
claimed helplessly, '" I'm sure I don't 
know where to go. If the road is there, 
I'm not able to discern it at this mo- 
ment." Huge boulders, deep gullies and 
loose stones lay all about on a hill so 
steep I could not see the bottom. So 
leading the horse through and closing 
the gate Joe again took the bridle to 
lead. "Hadn't I better get out, too?" 
I asked, but being answered in the nega- 
tive, did my best to keep on the high 
side of the buggy, which I felt sure was 
Joe's purpose in having me stay in, to 
prevent if possible its probable tipping 

At last we are down and no bones 
broken and right by the door of Bro. 
Jacob Henkel's home. 

Crossing a beautiful meadow we had 
more gates, then drove along the edge 
of several hill fields under good cultiva- 
tion and as we went, happened on some 
three or four chickens, loitering by the 
roadside, which, when they sighted our 
horse and buggy, suddenly took panic 
and springing to the top of the rail fence 
nearby, flew from thence across the 
gulch to the hills opposite, some hun- 
dred yards or more. 

"What ails the chickens?" I asked, 
noting their strange flight, and Joe 
smiled good naturedly as he replied 
" They're not used to buggies in th 
mountains, they took flight at our ve- 

We were now in the neighborhood of 
Mt. Carmel and had come to the steep- 
est road we had yet encountered cross- 
ing this mountain, so we cheerfully re- 
lieve Clay of all possible weight in its 
descent, and though the buggy was a 
light one, the faithful horse had all he 
could hold and keep on his feet at the 
same time. Brave, noble Clay, how pa- 


May, 1905] 


2 7S 

tiently he makes these tiresome trips. 
At last we are down, then up once 
more to the church. Here we meet a 
second time the dear ones with whom 
we had worshiped a week before. With 
what gladness we clasp their hands and 
greet them once again. How they ques- 
tion us about our trip from which we 
were now returning, and searched our 
faces to know if all was well. 

" I'm afraid you will never want to 
come to see us again, since you have 
been over so much of our rough coun- 
try," dear old Bro. Judy remarked, with 
his kindly eyes on my face, and I an- 
swered from my heart when I said, 
" Bro. Judy, I want to come back so 
badly I don't know what to do. You 
have a beautiful country, I think, and I 
like it ever so much." 

History of Grand Valley Church, Colorado. 

By S. Z. Sharp, Fruita, Colo. 

Brother D. M. Click, a minister for- 
merly from Virginia, came from Ft. Col- 
lins, Colo., in 1895 and located a short 
distance northwest from Grand Junction. 

Fruita Church, Colo. 

He came in search of health and found it. 
Bro. A. B. Long, a deacon, with his fami- 
ly came from eastern Colorado, not far 
from Sterling, and located soon after 
Bro. Click. H. H. Winger, a minister, 
also came from eastern Colorado soon 
after and located about ten miles east 
of Grand Junction near Palisade. Broth- 
er Click at once began preaching in the 
surrounding school-houses under discour- 

aging circumstances, but labored earnest- 
ly to build up a church. 

In 1897 Elder A. B. Wertz, of Quinter, 
Kans., came and organized this little 
band of members into a church and for 
a while held the oversight of it. In 
1899 a church building 28x30 feet, with 
kitchen attachment, was erected at a cost 
of about $700. There were then thirty- 
five members, fifteen having been re- 
ceived by baptism. 

Bro. Click tried hard to call the atten- 
tion of members in the East to the great 
advantages of Grand Valley and for this 
purpose attended the Annual Conference 
at Lincoln, Nebr., in 1901 and succeeded 
in inducing Eld. S. Z. Sharp to visit this 
valley and hold several weeks' meeting. 
Brother Sharp then went on a preaching 
tour through the States of Kansas, Ne- 
braska, Iowa, Illinois, and as far east as 
Pennsylvania. Wherever he went he 
called attention to the advantages of this 
section and Brethren came here from all 
those States and located here. In 1902 
Brother Sharp himself located here and 
was called on to take the oversight of 
the church. He was then the only elder 
within a radius of four hundred miles. 
In 1903 Brother Sharp located near 
Fruita, ten miles west of Grand Junction. 
Here were then four members, but from 
that time on they moved in rapidly so 



[May, 1905 

that inside of two years and at this writ- 
ing there are in and around Fruita sixty- 
eight members and the total number in 
the valley is one hundred and thirty-two. 
Being in great need of church and 
Sunday-school facilities, they erected at 
Fruita a neat and commodious church 
building, heated by a furnace. In March, 
1905, they dedicated the church in the 
presence of one of the largest gatherings 
in this part of the valley. The building 
is in the form of an L measuring forty- 
six feet iri_ length each way from the 
main angle, each wing being thirty feet 
wide. By means of sliding doors one 
wing may be partitioned off or all may 
be thrown into one room on special oc- 
casions. It will seat four hundred peo- 

ple, though on dedication day it was es- 
timated there were five hundred within 
its walls. 

For the benefit of those who wish to 
build churches or get new seats, we 
would say that ours are made so that 
the backs of all may be turned over like 
the seats of passenger cars, or they may 
be laid on top of the ends and converted 
into tables. They are without castings, 
hence are not expensive, yet strong, neat 
and very convenient. They are the in- 
vention of Brother Samuel H. Horning, 
a skillful architect lately from South 
Dakota, but now located at Fruita, Colo. 
Any needing church seats will do well 
to confer with him. A brother who has 
traveled much said, " These are the best 
seats I ever saw in a Brethren church." 

An Active Worker Called to 
His Reward. 

By Chas. H. Hawbecker, Secretary of 

Mission Board of Northern Illinois 

and Wisconsin. 

A tribute of tender and loving remem- 
brance to our brother, D. R. Price, who 
died suddenhr in the town of Oregon, 
Illinois, January 30, 1905. 

Our brother, Daniel R. Price, was born 
in Ogle Co., 111., November 30, 1851, 
and at the time of his death his age was 
53 years and two months. 

At the age of nineteen years he con- 
secrated his services and life to the 
Master, and His cause, ever faithful to 
that high calling. 

Dec. 25, 1873, he was united in marriage 
to Sister Isabelle McQuillken. To this 
pleasant and happy union were born six 
children, two having preceded their fa- 
ther to the spirit world. He was elected 
to the deacon's office in 1875, which office 
he magnified and honored with that hon- 
or that we deacons might well take as a 

In 1892 he was elected a member on 
the Mission Board of the District of 

D. R. Price. 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, and re- 
elected in 1897, filling a greater part of 
these two terms as foreman of Board. 
How well and nobly he filled this place 

Home of D. F*. Price. 

is probably best known to the Mission 
Board members. He was always unas- 
suming, but ever alert to the best inter- 
ests of the cause of missions in the Dis- 

No one could be in his presence at 
mission sessions without feeling a deep- 
er consecration to the mission cause. 

In the intricate and hard problems 
that so often confront the workers in 
their planning for the varied conditions 
that are so prominent in such labors, he 
was always calm and deliberate. It could 
not be otherwise with him because of 
the sweet Christ life he possessed. 

In 1902 he was elected trustee of the 
Old People's and Orphans' Home of the 
District, located at Mt. Morris. This of- 
fice he filled till his demise. Whatever 
his hands found to do, he did with pleas- 
ure. His home was one of those Chris- 
tian homes where he and his faithful 
wife walked the heavenly way so faith- 

fully together, and the pleasing thought 
is that all their children walked with 

One of the last noble deeds done for 
the mission cause, just a few days before 
his sudden death, was the donating of 
$10.00 to a new mission of the District, 
to send twenty " Messengers," with the 
request to report to him a year later 
the spiritual impress. May the outcome, 
a year later, for this noble deed, be one 
that angels may look upon with ap- 

Our hopes are centered on the sweet 
words of " trust," that he has gone from 
the militant to the triumphant. 

" On earth we have sorrow and sadness 
And pain is the lot of us all; 
We're told that above there is gladness, 
Where are ended the strife and the toil." 

" Only a little more sighing, 
Only a little more pain, 
Only a little more crying, 
And all will be well again." 

Franklin Grove. 111.. March 1. 



"Here Am I, Send Me/'-No. 1. 

By Elizabeth Howe, of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Are you waiting to be called into the 
mission field? Then prove yourself first 
where you are, just where you are now, 
in the home, in the place of business, on 
the highway, or in a place of worship. 
Philip talked with the eunuch on the 
highway. Jesus spoke to the woman by 
the wayside, and to Matthew in the place 
of business; and Paul worked, not only 
in the synagogue (Acts 17: 17), but he 
went from house to house (Acts 20: 20), 
and into the marketplace (Acts 17: 17); 
and it was in prison where he dealt with 
the jailer (Acts 16). Read Luke 7: 36- 
50 to see what a beautiful work Jesus 
did one day when invited out to dinner. 
Were you ever out to dinner, and having 
returned home did you feel ashamed of 
the words that escaped your lips, of 
your influence, of your conduct in gen- 
eral? Jesus had no regrets. His motto 
was, " I must work." 

Probably you say, " This work is for 
the minister only, or for the missionary." 
But remember you are a servant called 
to preach the Gospel— you, although you 
are but a " laymember." When the 
church was persecuted, as recorded in 
Acts 8, all were scattered abroad except 
the apostles (Acts 8: 1). And those that 
were scattered, went everywhere preach- 
ing the Word (Acts 8: 4). The apostles 
or " preachers " remained at their post 
in Jerusalem while the members went 
out preaching. 

I like to think of the widow of 2 Kings 
4 and her pot of oil. Her husband died 
leaving her in debt. Her creditor came 
to take her two sons as slaves. The 
good prophet Elisha came to her rescue. 
He found she had a pot of oil. He told 
her to borrow vessels, empty ves- 

sels. In short, these were filled. 
It was only when she failed to 
produce the empty vessels that the 
oil failed. Then said the proph- 
et, " Go, sell the oil, pay thy debt and 
live thou of the rest." Throughout the 
Scriptures, oil is used as a symbol of 
the Holy Spirit. Every child of God 
has at least one pot of oil, for, " If any 
man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is 
none of his" (Rom. 8: 9). Every child 
of God, too, has a debt to pay. " I am 
debtor both to the Greeks and to the 
barbarians; both to the wise and to the 
unwise" (Rom. 1: 14), to all alike, with- 
out distinction of race or of culture. 
Having the Holy Spirit you have the 
pot of oil wherewith to pay the debt. 
Only bring the vessels — empty vessels — 
and have them filled with the Spirit 
(Luke 11: 13). The vessels must be 
empty. They may be filled now with 
indifference, unbelief, selfishness (O how 
many are thus filled!), anxiety, love of 
money, coyetousness, etc., or possibly 
with " I can't," " I will not," " I am too 
weak," " I am of no account." Bring 
empty vessels, have them filled and pay 
the debt. 

Jesus spoke to the woman at midday 
(as usually interpreted), and to Nico- 
demus at night. It was midnight when 
Paul led the jailer to accept Christ; so 
the great commission, " Go ye," may be 
carried out by any one, at any time, and 
in any place. It is simply saving souls, 
here, there — anywhere, everywhere, or, 
better say, witnessing for Christ, and the 
great work will be done by God Himself 
through us. It is only as we allow the 
Holy Spirit to use us that the world is 
convicted of sin, righteousness and judg- 
ment, and that God is glorified. 


"God Has Paid Me My Salary. 


By John T. Farris. 

The following, published in the " Preacher's Helper," has so much of a good mis- 
sionary spirit in it, and the testimony is so genuine that it is given here to encourage 
others with the hope that a number will thus take up the frontier work in the United 
States. Bro. S. N. McCann spent nearly a year in Arkansas on very much the same 
plan and he often refers to " those blessed days." The pledge of faith required of the 
China Inland Mission is still greater in some particulars than the life of faith which 
this minister had: 

" I am thoroughly convinced that, if 
a man has grace enough to preach and 
ask God day by day for his bread, he 
will never want." 

This statement was made by Rev. J. 
Logan Sample, D. D. His conviction is 
the result of experience. Leaving the 
seminary at twenty-eight, he began his 
ministry in western Pennsylvania in the 
ordinary way. But after thirteen years 
on salary he announced that he proposed 
to live on freewill offerings from his 
people. Boxes were placed in the 
church. The amount put into these was 
frequently quite small, and Dr. Sample 
had no money to waste. But he was a 
bachelor, and he managed very well. 
Sometimes the treasury was empty when 
needs were pressing. On one occasion 
he received word that his father was 
dying, and he was called to attend him. 
He had no money, but he was not dis- 
mayed. He told God that if he was 
to respond to the summons he must 
have five dollars within an hour. Then 
he made his preparations and set out for 
the station. On the way the five dol- 
lars was handed him by a parishioner. 

One winter's day, when ice covered 
the roads, he left his horse at the black- 
smith's to be sharp shod. He promised 
the workman his pay when the job was 
completed; then he asked God to help 
him keep his word. The answer came 
almost at once, in the shape of ten dol- 
lars from a friend. 

" God has never severely tried me but 
once since I began this life of com- 
plete dependence on him." Dr. Sample 

said: "One Sunday, after morning serv- 
ice, I spent my last cent for dinner. It 
was the last meal I had until after morn- 
ing service the next Sabbath. One ap- 
ple was all I ate that entire week. I 
have always had an excellent constitu- 
tion; so I was physically none the worse. 
It did me great good spiritually, how- 

Nine years of this life prepared Dr. 
Sample for his next move. Longing to 
reach those who were deprived of gos- 
pel privileges, he went to the Black Hills 
of South Dakota, where he was the only 
Presbyterian minister in a section much 
larger than New England. Traveling 
here and there for five years, he 
preached to frontiersmen of all classes, 
and discontinued his work only when he 
had built a modest church and paid for 
it from his savings, and had opened up 
the country for a number of other min- 
isters who with him organized the Black 
Hills Presbytery. No salary was re- 
ceived for this work, nor was a single 
collection asked. Five dollars were the 
total cash receipts for the five years. 
" But I was abundantly cared for other- 
wise," Dr. Sample explained. 

The pioneer was now fifty-five years 
of age, but he was as eager for new 
ventures as any young man. With a 
strong buckboard and a pair of hardy 
ponies he started on a tour which lasted 
five years, during which he covered thir- 
teen thousand miles, and passed through 
the States of South Dakota, Wyoming, 
Nebraska, Colorado, Montana, Idaho, 
Washington, Oregon, California, Ne- 



[May, 1905 

vada and Utah. He crossed the Rockies 
seven times, often leaving the beaten 
trails and making his own way in the 
face of obstacles thought by others to 
be insurmountable. Wherever he could 
gather an audience he preached, some- 
times as frequently as thirty times a 
month. Miners, ranchers, cowboys and 
farmers were his hearers. He was wel- 
comed to a number of Mormon churches 
in Idaho. He walked far up canons and 
passes where his buggy could not be 
taken, and thus sometimes found whole 
families who never attended a religious 
service in their lives. 

Sometimes, wrapped in a tarpaulin, 
he slept on the ground, but usually he 
was welcomed to the crude shelters of 
the residents. Many times he spent the 
night with cattle-thieves or outlaws on 
whose heads a price had been set, but 
they never offered him anything but 

" It was marvelous the way God cared 
for me," he says. " I was never lost, 
and never in extreme danger. Once I 
crossed the Little Big Horn in flood 
time, when a cowboy offered to steady 
my buggy with his lariat. He stood on 
the bank, and held me until I won the 
shore in safety. This is but one in- 
stance of the way I was helped on my 
long journey." 

" When I came to the end of my mis- 
sionary tour, I found that the total cash 
expense for the five years was only $400. 
I still had my ponies, too. Once they 
had strayed from me in Middle Park, 
Colo., and, wandering into the moun- 
tains, were lost three months; but they 
were brought over the range to me by 
the finder. You see everybody in that 
country knew Nellie and Bessie, the 
missionary ponies." 

In the summer of 1902, Dr. Sample 
undertook a missionary tour among the 
mountaineers of North Carolina. For 
three months he traveled on muleback 
or on foot, preaching wherever he had 
an opportunity. Tn eighty-five days he 

preached 107 times. Although he ad- 
hered to his rule never to take a collec- 
tion for himself, his expenses were all 
met, as the hospitable mountaineers 
shared him their best. Cash was thrust 
upon him to the amount of one dollar 
and five cents. At the closing service 
in a church, where he had preached 
eight times, a leading member rose and 
proposed that " something be done for 
Dr. Sample." Then he added, " I'll start 
the collection with five cents! " 

Dr. Sample speaks enthusiastically of 
his experiences. " It has been a blessed 
life," he says. " I do not deserve any 
credit for working without salary. God 
has paid me my salary. He has sup- 
plied all my needs. When I was living 
on salary, I began to give a tenth to 
Him. Then I was able to make it a 
third; and later a half. Now that He 
has given me, most unexpectedly, a 
small property, I have resolved to give 
everything above my bare expenses. I 
am in nry seventieth year; so I can soon, 
in addition to my income, begin appro- 
priating a portion of my capital, each 
year, to the Lord's service. It must all 
go back to Him. 

" Let me give you a message for our 
Christian Endeavorers," the doctor then 
added. " I wish more 'of our young men 
would attempt in our own country what 
the devoted workers of the China In- 
land mission are doing abroad. While I 
realize that many cannot work in this 
way, there is always a call for a few 
who, trusting in God alone, will go out 
to the needy fields of our land. • God will 
care for them if they trust Him. If two 
or three young ministers will attempt 
traveling, pioneer work in the west, sim 
ilar to that which I tried to do, I will 
pay their necessary expenses, includin 
books. Once I made that offer to the 
students of a theological seminary. It 
was not taken. And ytt it is the most 
blessed life to live. I thank God that I 
have been able to see it." 

Although past sixty-nine years of age, 
Dr. Sample is strong and well. 


May, 1905] 

Congolese Misrule. 


Atrocious Crimes in the Lomami District in 1903, 1904. 

This article is supplied by the Congo Reform Association and sets forth the bleed- 
ing condition of our fellows in Africa, simply because of man's greed of gain. When 
will Africa come forth in the joy of humane liberty? 

A Swiss Accuser. 

Herr Ludwig Deuss, well-known in 
Hamburg and East Africa, and a staunch 
supporter of the movement against Con- 
golese misrule, has received a letter 
from Mr. J. Ackerman, a Swiss gentle- 
man, now in the Cameroons, with whom 
Herr Ludwig Deuss became acquainted 
last year. 

Kribi, Dec. 11, 1904. 

Dear Mr. Deuss: — Referring to my let- 
ter of the 17th November from Las 
Palmas, I now take the liberty of for- 
warding you a few lines on barbarities 
committed in the Congo Free State, beg- 
ging you to make use of the same. 

Atrocities in the "Lomami Territory: 
Aruwimi District." 

In December, 1903, January and Feb- 
ruary, 1904, an agent of the name of A. 
B., was chief of the station in Mossaka, 
belonging to the factory of Yankwamu. 
The terrible man was guilty of the fol- 
lowing atrocities, although on 24th Feb- 
ruary, 1904, I reported the matter from 
Bumba to Judge Scarpari, at Basoko, 
chief station of the district of Aruwimi. 
giving all necessary proofs. 

1. Mr. B. sent his soldiers to kill the 
brother of Chief Baula, Chief of Yaola 
in Yankwamu, in his own hut, because 
the" Chief did not bring sufficient rub- 

2. In the same hut of the murdered 
chief the Topoke Negro, Motomania, 
was slain by B's soldiers, the names of 
which were: Sassenia (corporal, of Mon- 
gelima), Ekobi, Tschaki, M'Boloko, 
Limbaya and Moyongo, the first three 
named being Mongelima men, the two 
latter Bangala men, all still active in the 
service of the factory Yankwamu to-day. 

3. At Balimbola, near Yankwamu, B. 
himself held a slave under water until 
he expired. This slave belonged to 
Chief Monone, from village of Yank- 
wamu, sub-chief to the great Chief Kay- 
umba. Motive of the deed: did not row 
actively enough on the journey to Ba- 

4. B. caused the Topoke Negro, 
Tschumanango, of the village of Muss- 
umdoro, near Yaola, to be tied to the 
ground and to be crushed by a great fall- 
ing tree, felled for the purpose. This 

Almost Incredible Affair 

was carried out with the help of the 
capita (head soldier), from the village 
of Likolo, Topoke, who is stationed at 

5. When B. was temporary manager 
of the factory at Yahisuli, he one day 
gave twenty Albini rifles to the Chief 
Sarley, who also bears the title of 
" Commandant," ordering him to kill the 
natives of the village of Olelemo, situat- 
ed in the immediate neighborhood. B's 
soldiers also were sent there, and soon 
the remnants of the village of Olelemo 
were brought to Yahisuli factory in 
chains. B., however, was not satisfied 
therewith and gave orders to the sol- 
diers, as also to twenty natives of the 
Chief Motendi, to kill the Olelemos. 
About 700 metres from the factory, to 
the west, these thirty Olelemos were 
slaughtered and eaten, amidst rejoicing 
b}' the natives of Yahisuli. 

In 1900 a certain Mr. C. D., from 
Brussels, was stationed at Flambi. He 
is at present employed in the A. B. I. R. 
Company in the Congo. One day he 
ordered the chief of Lufutscha, of Ya- 
kuta. to bring some fowls, but when they 



[May, 1905 

did not arrive at once, he took his rifle, 
went into the village, three-quarters of 
an hour distant from Yakatu, and there 
himself shot nineteen natives for the 
sake of a few wretched fowls. 

The people under the management of 
Mr. O. L, of Brussels, were often three 
or four months in chains, without him- 
self knowing the reason why. They 
were constantly beaten, had to do hard 
labor, and were given next to nothing to 
eat. Those afflicted with disease were 
simply dragged along (in chains, to 
which were attached a number of rings 
to fasten around the negroes' necks), 
a misery which to witness was enough 
to touch the heart of even an abandoned 
man. Incredible scenes occurred, defy- 
ing description. 

Mr. P. R., a Belgian, former adjutant 
at Scambi, in government service, or- 
dered the cook Amela at Flambi to be 
given 200 strokes with the whip every 
day for eight days, for very slight rea- 
sons, and at last had him chained head 
to head with a laborer of the station, of 
the name of Mampe. These two came 
daily, at 6 o'clock in the morning, and 
at 2:30 in the afternoon, before Mr. R. 
at roll-call, when he regularly hit the 
faces of these unfortunate men with a 
whip. After thus torturing them for a 
fortnight he let them go. I, as a Swiss 
and a human being, was obliged to turn 
away not to threaten this white man 
in my wrath with a revolver. 

The same R. had two little boys, Soko 
from Flambi, and Caparara from Yank- 
wamu, beaten with a whip, so terribly 
and so long that the kidneys protruded, 
while he merrily watched proceedings in 
close proximity. I threatened him there 
and then to expose the case, but the 
fear of losing my situation forced me to 
keep silent. 

S. T., son of the proprietor of the 

hotel de la at Belgium, was 

alone at the factory of Fanga July 13, 
1902, when I arrived from up-country. 
In the evening a native was brought to 
him, whom the laborers at the station 

professed to recognize as the man who 
had several times attacked the post be- 
tween Fanga and Femaka, a certain 
Chief Mossemo. Without investigation 
the man received from T. himself 400 
to 500 strokes with the whip, and his 
body, quite swollen, was afterwards tied 
upright to a pole in the rubber store. 
How this sort of work is done by the 
soldiers is incredible. After supper he 
was untied, and T. placed a rope 
around the unfortunate man's neck and 
by this turned the body round and 
round, until he gave up the ghost. 

How Often Have I Watched Heads and 

Hands Being Carried into the 


The State soldiers are the greatest 
cannibals, and the most terrible robbers, 
and I think I have shown what the army 
of the Free State is capable of accom- 
plishing. All the agents mentioned in 
this letter were permitted to go quietly 
on leave, without being charged with 
any crimes. They even returned to the 
Congo and nobody thinks of making 
them responsible. Why are the inquiries 
not made by expert persons with knowl- 
edge of the country, and of the native 
languages? Because too much would be 
brought to light, which would cause the 
ruin of the State! I, on my part, am 
proud to be able to say that I, as a 
humane European, during my three 
years' sojourn in the Congo, have always 
lived on the best of terms with the na- 
tives, and it was a joy to see how at my 
departure about 300 of them shook 
hands with me, and begged me to re- 
turn. My name was " Buana Misouri," 
the good white man. It is evident that 
with healthy, humane principles, more 
can be done with the negro than with 
this Congo system. We have sufficient 
proof of this in the other African col- 
onies. I express the wish that this mis- 
erable state of things may soon be 

Yours faithfully, 

(Signed) F. Ackerman. 

May, 1905 








: : 


TO 183,675 PEOPLE 








tt + 





(Released for publication under date of April 20, 1905, and thereafter.) 

The above are two illustrations of a half dozen large charts on mission subjects. The 
other four are entitled, World Mission Progress, The FJvangelization of the World in this 
Generation, Religious Census of World, How Americans Spend their Money. The charts 
are nicely colored and will add greatly to the interest of missionary meetings. See third 
page of cover for advertisement of complete set. 


class in mission 
at Mcpherson, 


By Verna Baker. 

There are just six of us in the class. 
We meet once a week for recitation, the 
recitation period covering forty-five min- 
utes. We have a class-secretary who 
keeps a record of the attendance of each 
member. There are no set terms of 
membership more than a desire to learn, 
but the work is graded and adapted 
somewhat to conform to the work of the 
girls in their school work. Philosophy 
of missions, for example, would not be 
taken up first, but rather biographical 
and historical study. At present, we are 
studying a work on India. 

The lesson is prepared and recited just 
as any other lesson in school. The lead- 

er outlines the work ahead and some- 
times in recitation asks the class to give 
the outline, often on the blackboard. 
Outside topics bearing on the lesson are 
often assigned to members of the class 
to prepare and report upon at the future 

The many little devices and methods 
known to all good teachers must be 
used, of course, but it may be said of our 
girls in mission study as possibly of no 
other class work, that the work gener- 
ates its own interest. Most of us are 
carrying heavy work in school, but we 
find the study of missions a sort of equal- 
izer. We are learning what ambitious 
young people have done after completing 
their college work and it gives us hope 
and courage and ideals for our own fu- 
tures. We are kept in sympathy with 
the deep things of God and the potent 
works of men. 



[May, 1905 



The " Missionary Herald " for April 
announces the gift of $100,000 from John 
D. Rockefeller, the same to be used to 
relieve the burden of debt resting upon 
the educational institutions of the Con- 
gregational church on her respective 
mission fields. The action of the Board 
is not being looked upon by the church 
with unanimous favor, for the dissenting 
part feel the " money does not belong to 
the giver but the people," as expressed 
by Dr. Gladden, the moderator of the 
National council of the church. The do- 
nation has been termed "unclean" by 

This controversy opens up an interest- 
ing question. What is " clean " money 
and how is it acquired? How much of 
the contributions from the general col- 
lections taken in Christendom is " clean " 
money? Does the bartender who helps 
to build the churchhouse or increase the 
missionary collection cast in " clean " 
money? Does the farmer who sells his 
grain to the distillery because he gets a 
few cents more cast in "clean" money? 
Does the tobacco raiser or dealer make 
a " clean " gift? Does the church mem- 
ber who trades with the dishonest mer- 
chant simply because through his dis- 
honesty he can pay a little better price 
for produce than the honest merchant 
who struggles to carry out the Christian 
principles of righteousness in business, 
throw " clean " money into the collec- 
tion? Or does the brother who "drives 
sharp bargains," which means he will 
take just a little more than rightly be- 
longs to him, have clean money for the 
Lord's cause? 

Whose money is "clean"? Only 
those who have sought their neighbor's 
good while caring for their own. Only 
those who in business transactions have 

loved their neighbor as themselves. 

Perhaps some think such are few. 
Well, they are the saving power of the 
world. But you, my brother, if you feel 
you are guilty, do not go on because you 
think you have large company. " Wide 
is the gate and broad is the way . . . 
and many go in thereat." Flee the dan- 
ger and join the "few" and be clean 
before the Lord even with the dollars 
and possessions with which He entrusts 

* * * 


These are days when the lives of many 
men are being written and circulated to 
" provoke others to good works." This 
is well. Do not let the good work stop. 

But how about the women who have 
labored as faithfully and as long as the 
men? Many married women have done 
as much as their husbands and yet their 
lives form but an incidental part of their 
husbands' history. Had it not been for 
their devotion, sacrifice and encourage- 
ment few men who are missionaries 
would have made the records for God 
that they have. 

And there are our single sisters, whose 
lives have been one of unselfishness year 
in and year out. Of all those who live, 
the unmarried lady missionary lives least 
for self and most for others. She is the 
right hand of the pastor, gathering the 
people into church and Sunday school; 
she helps in the minister's home when 
help is so badly needed. Never weary, 
seemingly, she leaves the one duty and 
takes up another. She reaches the 
homes and hearts of the people as no 
male missionary can. Yet her service is 
swallowed up in the reports of the min- 
ister and she is little thought of com- 
pared to the service rendered. 

May, 1905] 



It is not right. Honor to whom honor 
is due. But there is one consolation. 
The recording angel above does not 
overlook these devoted lives. Their 
service given in such self-forgetfulness 
and sweetness will pull mightily in the 
balances when the accounts are rendered. 
And the sisters of unnoticed service from 
the times of Carey down shall be known 
by all in heaven as they should be known 
here on earth. 

♦> *• * 


The Mission Board in India has asked 
Brother W. R. Miller to serve as a mis- 
sionary in India for as long time as 
possible and the Committee has con- 
firmed the appointment. The special 
work that seems urgent for Brother Mil- 
ler to take up is the building of the girls' 
orphanage at Bulsar and several bunga- 
lows for the new mission stations. Bro. 
Adam is to have one and Bro. Dan. J. 
Lichty another. Bro. Miller's skill as a 
carpenter comes handy at this time and 
ever since he has been in India he has 
been making himself useful. Bro. Miller 
has consented to remain some months 
and render this service for a support the 
same as all missionaries receive. 

4> 4> <!> 


The Missionary Office have found it 
practical to open up an account called, 
" For Transmission." Through this ac- 
count friends wishing to send money 
personally to some one of the mission- 
aries in India or Europe can do so 
through this office without any expense. 
The way to proceed is to send the mon- 
ey to the Missionary Office here, stating 
for whom it is intended, and a receipt 
will be sent to the sender which at the 
same time is an order on the treasurer 
in India. The receipt is sent to India 
with your letter to your friend, and up- 
on its arrival the one in India draws 

the money from the treasurer. Thus he 
has immediate use of the funds. The 
money itself will be sent over in the 
next large remittance sent abroad. This 
arrangement has been made simply to 
accommodate the friends of the workers 
in India. 

Further, it is getting so that now 
and then shipments of goods must go 
to India. Experience is teaching us on 
this point. The proper thing to do in 
this case is this: If you have in mind 
sending a shipment to India, write this 
office, saying about when you will 
be ready, and the character of the ship- 
ment. When enough is in sight to make 
it pay to ship, you will be notified and 
then can ship according to instructions. 

*• *■ * 

Brother D. L. Miller is not the one to 
boast of the favors shown towards him 
and yet his many friends and others will 
be pleased to know that during his stay 
in India he was elected a member of the 
Royal Asiatic Society. This organization 
has its India headquarters in Bombay. 
The Library there has 150,000 volumes 
on Asia and related subjects. This ap- 
pointment enables Bro. Miller to have 
access to the books of the society and 
this privilege has been helpful to him 
as he seeks to study varied questions on 
our India Mission. 


From time to time articles have ap- 
peared in these columns relating to the 
atrocities which are being perpetrated in 
the Congo. It is sickening, to say the 
least, and to think that such work is be- 
ing carried on to an alarming extent in 
recent months, makes a sad reflection on 
inhumane civilization. 

Bro. D. L. Miller is making a trip 
through South Africa. In a recent per- 
sonal letter he speaks of his proposed 
trip after this manner: " Run a line from 



[May, 1905 

Bombay to Mombassa, and from thence 
up the Uganda railroad to Lake Nyanza 
and return. Thence to Zanzibar and in- 
land to Delagoa bay and on to Durban. 
By rail to Johannesburg, Buluwayo, 
Capetown and the Boer country, general- 
ly, and you will have the South African 
trip on your map. It takes a month on 
a ship to get tb Durban, and as boats 
run only once a month it takes time. 
We will spend at least a month in the 

Readers may be sure that Brother Mil- 
ler will send some very interesting mat- 
ter from this far-away land and the 
Visitor will be glad to publish all he 
sends for its columns. 

* * * 


The June issue will contain the Annual 
Report. This will be in addition to the 
regular pages of the Visitor. Articles of 
special interest in this number will be a 
biography of Daniel Vaniman, illustrated, 
and one on manner of worship among 
native Christians in India by D. L. Mil- 
ler, illustrated. 

«fr *■ ♦♦* 


(Contimied from Page 265.) 
The third lesson I have learned to-day 

The Point of Attack. 

We, each one, as Christians, must 
fight. We cannot flank on one side, on- 
ly, and expect victory. The great swing 
of force has been, in the last few years, 
toward the foreign field; and it is to be 
hoped that the sentiment that is encour- 
aging work abroad will not, in any meas- 
ure slacken, but we do pray that the 
visit to Bristol by our Brethren may il- 
lustrate the need of more home work. 
A young brother recently offered to me 
a solution of the problem as to why 
our progress in a missionary way is not 
more rapid. It is a fact that when peo- 

ple unite with the church it does not 
take so many soldiers out of Satan's 
army and place them on the side of the 
Master, as logically it should, but con- 
trariwise it only adds an additional care 
to the mother church to support the 
young converts, and hence weakens the 
vital force that should be spent in mis- 
sionary effort. 

Summing up, then, the great unoccu- 
pied field, the congregational apathy and 
the great mission before us, let us con- 
sider, prayerfully, the loss we are sus- 
taining as a church, — the loss of time, 
the loss of talent and the loss of souls. 
Let us consider the result, if we gain 
the whole world and lose our own soul; 
if we gain one thousand souls and wreck 
our own family; if we save the heathen 
and lose our own nation. 

Bristol, Tenn., Feb. 16. 

Books noticed in these columns can be 
supplied by addressing the Brethren 
Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois. 

♦> 4* & 


This book, by Don O. Shelton, is 
of the " Forward Mission Study 
Course," gotten up especially for 
mission study classes, and promises to 
be one of the most helpful books on 
missions published in a long time. One 
peculiar feature which recommends the 
volume is that it treats the lives of men 
who have lived and labored in America. 
David Brainerd takes the lead and no 
one can come in touch with his life with- 
out having higher ideals of Christian liv- 
ing. He is followed by John Mason 
Peck, Marcus Whitman, John L. Dyer 

May, 1905] 



and Joseph Ward, men who did much 
to mould the Christian sentiment of an 
earlier day in the history of America. 
There is a closing chapter on America's 
Greatest Need that will set aflame the 
enthusiasm of every loyal Christian in 
behalf of the country. The bibliography 
is helpful to those students wishing to 
pursue further the study of these lives. 
On the whole Shelton has brought forth 
an interesting and helpful work and it 
should be read by every mission class. 
While well bound in cloth and contain- 
ing 300 pages, illustrated, the price shows 
it is a mission book and seeks to go far 
and wide on its mission. It can be sup- 
plied for 57 cents postpaid. 

* *■ *■ 



This work, prepared by J. D. Mullens 
and published by the C. M. S., of Lon- 
don, is a most fascinating story of the 
growth of the kingdom in interior Af- 
rica among the people of Uganda. The 
history of this mission deals with the 
miraculous even in the present day. In 
1875 the mission was begun through the 
suggestion of Stanley. It was a leap in- 
to the dark, but there were brave men 
ready to leap. In so short a time as 
twenty-five years this mission has not 
only become self-supporting, but is 
sending out missionaries into other parts 
of Africa. Problems have been met, — 
serious ones too, — but they were met in 
faith and the Lord has been victor. The 
lines along which the missionaries 
worked were such as to have self-support 
from the field possible almost from the 
beginning. It is a book that should be 
in every library. At the close is an 
autobiography of Ham Mukasa, one of 
the converts, giving many interesting de- 
tails of life since he accepted Christ. 
Neatly bound in cloth, illustrated, 224 

The Persian is Isaac Adams, a young 
man who has completed his education, 
both biblical and medical, in America. 
He is now engaged in a peculiar kind 
of mission work in bringing his people 
from Persia to America and settling 
them in colonies. 

The book has been prepared to give 
general information about the country of 
Persia, its people, its customs, religions, 
superstitions, etc., etc. There is no spe- 
cial order in treating these subjects 
though they are classified under several 
general heads. The style is easy and 
clear. Whether or not the author has 
overcolored any of his word pictures the 
writer is not in a position to say. Be- 
ing a young man from a family in high 
standing and having every facility for 
knowing the real conditions in his home 
land, and then spending as many years 
as he did in America, he certainly was 
in a position to speak of those things 
which are interesting to Americans either 
from points of similarity or contrast. 
The volume is a large one containing 
530 pages, good clear type, mechanical 
part splendid. Cloth binding, postpaid, 

■*$•■ ■•J* '•J* 


Compiled by Henry Otis Dwight, sec- 
retary of the Bureau of Missions. This 
is just such a handbook on missions 
with up-to-date information as every 
live and wide-awake minister should have 
at his command. Here is data compiled 
about every country on the globe, the 
societies working, their membership, the 
conditions of the people, and all in such 
a manner as to be helpful and con- 
venient to the student of missions. A 
short account of every missionary society 
is given. Neatly bound in blue cloth, 
242 pages. Postpaid, $1.10. 



[May, 1905 

The American Sunday-school Union in 
Illinois has just closed a most prosper- 
ous year. The growth for 1904 is at 
least twenty-five per cent more than the 
preceding year. 

*> ♦ ♦ 

The Japanese Prime Minister in an in- 
terview with the Rev. William Imbrie, 
D. D., early in the year, asserted with 
great emphasis the permanent adher- 
ence of the Japanese government to the 
principle of religious liberty. A man is 
as free to choose his religion in Japan as 
in America, and Christian churches are 
guaranteed complete freedom to teach 
and worship according to their usual 
customs. There is no government em- 
bargo upon missionary effort, and the 
Japanese government takes its place 
voluntarily in the front rank of toler- 
ance and freedom of conscience. This 
enlightened attitude on the part of the 
Japanese government excites the admir- 
ation and profound respect of all lovers 
of freedom. — The Assembly Herald. 

It is a strange world, indeed, that will 
strive to punish the individual who will 
destroy life singly with knife or gun, 
but unconcernedly go by the saloon that 
will destroy life by the hundreds right 

♦♦♦ ^ 4> 

The Lutheran church has one home 
mission board for all the missions in the 
United States. Under its care also fall 
all churches which for any reason should 
become so weak as to need assistance. 
The plan affords the advantage of skilled 

men taking charge and developing the 
missions; it does not, however, encour- 
age the development of men to look aft- 
er missions as the plan of district or 
synodical boards do. 

♦> *> ♦♦♦ 
In the " Spirit of Missions," E. L. 
Woodward, of the Gankin(China) hos- 
pital, tells among other interesting 
things the prescription by a native doc- 
tor for the cure of an overdose of 
opium. " The patient was slowly dying 
of poison, but the doctor sat by him 
holding his pulse for about two hours 
and then ordered this remedy, which re- 
quired nearly half a day to prepare: 

2 couples of salted lizards, 2 male and 2 fe- 
Vz ounce of Corea ginseng- root. 
6 dried grasshoppers, 3 male and 3 female. 
1 ounce sweet potato stalks. 

1 ounce walnuts. 

y 2 ounce lotus leaves. 

% ounce tail of rattlesnake. 

2 ounces black dates. 
V 2 ounce elmtree bark. 
V 2 ounce devilfish claw. 
V2 ounce hartshorne. 

x /4 ounce birds' claws. 
14 ounce dried ginger. 
Vz ounce old coffin nails. 

The whole to be mixed with two 
quarts of water and boiled down to 
half the quantity. Then let the patient 
drink the mixture as quickly as possible. 

♦J* ■*$•■ **+ 

The Church Missionary Society of 
England has been invited by Lord Cro- 
mer, the British Minister in Egypt, to 
begin a mission among the pagan tribes 
south of Egypt along the Nile. The 
territory untouched by any society is 
large east and west and lies between 

May, 1905] 



Uganda province on the south and 

Egypt on the north. The Society has 

published an appeal asking for prayers, 
means and volunteers. 

* & * 
An interesting glimpse into the habits 
of the Patagonians is given in the March 
number of the S. A. M. Magazine by 
T. F. Schmidt: As the Patagonians live 
by hunting, they are almost constantly 
on the move. The scattering of the 
game by a day's hunt compels their mov- 
ing frequently, and they cannot give 
themselves to the cultivation of the soil; 
they do not remain long enough any- 
where to think of doing so. The men 
do the hunting, and the womenfolk look 
after the household affairs, having the 
heavy tasks of taking down the tents, 
folding the coverings, packing and load- 
ing them on the horses, along with the 
tent-poles, bedding, and other requisites, 
all of which have to be carefully placed 
and balanced on either side of the pack- 
horse. This done, the march begins to 
the new camping ground agreed upon, 
at some seven to nine miles' distance. 
Arrived at the place, there is the heavy 
work of putting up the tents, which 
often means loosening the hard soil with 
a crowbar to work in the tent-poles; 
then the heavy covering has to be 
stretched over the poles and fastened 
down at the sides and back, the bedding 
and other things to be placed in posi- 
tion, all this perhaps for the one night 
only, with the same hard work in pros- 
pect for the following day. 

It has been said that foreign mission- 
aries pass through three stages of ex- 
perience on the field: (1) The first im- 
pressions are unduly hopeful and pleas- 
ant. (2) Conceit perishes in the strug- 
gle with the strange language, and the 
first knowledge of the weaknesses of 
some of the native converts leads to un- 
due pessimism. (3) A just appreciation 
of the transforming power of the Gospel 
in the uplifting of the people. 

In toochow some fifty in the girls' 
school and one hundred in the boys' 
school under the auspices of the Con- 
gregational church have made profession 
of faith in Jesus Christ. 

The 2,000,000 of Lutherans in Norway 
which is esteemed a poor country give 
four times more for foreign missions 
than the 2,000,000 of Lutherans in Den- 
mark, which is four times richer than 
Norway. The 2,000,000 -of Lutherans in 
Finland, where poverty is the rule of the 
day, do not less for the cause than Den- 

* * ♦♦♦ 

To the friends of Christian missions in 
India, especially to the English-speaking 
women, one of the most offensive and 
pitiable spectacles on earth is that of 
Mrs. Besant, living in Benares, a pro- 
fessed Hindu theosophist, and laying her 
gifts, influence, and heritage in the 
Christian church, all, at the feet of pa- 
ganism. The " Central Hindu College " 
at Benares, with over 500 students, owes 
a great part of its abundance of wealth 
to Mrs. Besant. She induced rich Hin- 
dus to establish scholarships, and the 
Maharajah to give ample lands. A tem- 
ple to the Hindu goddess of learning is 
built in the enclosure, over the portal is 
an image of the elephant-headed Gan- 
esh, and devotion to Krishna is incul- 
cated. In this violently anti-Christian 
college, the English language and West- 
ern physical science are taught by Eng- 
lish professors of both sexes, who in 
many cases give their services freely. — 
Woman's Work. 

* *** +> 

Every Sunday school that would at all 
become effective for world evangeliza- 
tion will find great profit in an annual 
missionary anniversary meeting. Inter- 
est of a high grade can be developed in 
this annual meeting. The idea is a good 
one, and we hope many of our auxiliary 
schools will take it up. — The Searchlight. 



[May, 1905 

Less than thirty years ago Stanley 
(1875) gave King Mtesa, of Uganda, his 
first lesson in the Christian doctrine. 
At that time there was not a Christian 
in all Central Africa. This year "The 
London Times " in the regular course of 
its news publishes an account of the con- 
secration of the great Christian Cathe- 
dral, built by the Uganda Church, at 
Mengo, which was formerly King Mte- 
sa's capital. Ten thousand native Chris- 
tian Ugandans attended the consecration 


4> * ♦> 

The president of one of the large life 
insurance companies makes this state- 
ment concerning total abstainers and in- 
temperate people. " The mortality of 
intemperate people at a given age is 
much greater than that of a temperate 
people at the same age. 

From 20 to 30 it is 5 times as great. 

From 30 to 40 it is 4 times as great. 

From 50 to 60 it is 3 times as great. 

At 20 the expectancy of life is 28.6 
years shorter; at 30, 23.5, at 40, 17.2, etc. 

Reasoning from this data, G. S. Shat- 
tuck in the New Voice proves that some- 
where near 250,000 people fill drunkards' 
graves every year, not counting in those 
who die prematurely because of pover- 
ty, improper nourishment, broken hearts, 
murders, diseases, etc. No wonder " Hell 
hath opened wide her mouth and en- 
larged her borders without measure." 

*■ * ♦> 
Mr. Grubb in the " South American 
Missionary Magazine " explains why the 
society is pushing missions in that land. 
He says the general opinion is that the 
Indians are " few in number and every- 
where dying out." Here again popular 
opinion is wrong. There is no disguis- 
ing the fact that they are becoming ex- 
tinct in some parts of the Continent, 
e. g., Tierra del Fuego, but on the other 
hand, in the Argentine, Brazilian, Boliv- 
ian, and Paraguayan Chacos, a territory 
equal in area to the whole of India and 
half as large again, there are estimated to 

be 10,000,000 sunk in the darkness of 
barbarism and heathenism. Only the 
fringe of this great tract has yet been 
touched by the S. A. M. S., and his ex- 
perience of fifteen years amongst the 
Paraguayan Chaco Indians has proved to 
him that they are certainly not on the 
decline, but rather they are rapidly in- 
creasing. The more these Indians em- 
brace Christianity the more do they in- 
crease, abolishing such heathen prac- 
tices as infanticide and premature burial; 
in fact, the problem now facing the mis- 
sionaries and the Society is, How are 
we going to meet the increased demand 
upon our income and workers in order 
to adequately minister to a people who 
are on all sides coming into the stations 
for more light and more instruction? 
What a contrast to their former be- 

*> ♦ * 

The Lord Mayor of London is super- 
intendent of a Sunday school connected 
with Dr. Watson's (Ian MacLaren) 

^ *♦♦ ^ 

Mr. John H. Converse, of the Baldwin 
Locomotive Company, has given $40,000 
to the Presbyterian Seminary, Mexico. 

* * * 

The Jews of New York City disbursed 
last year the sum of $243,497.53 among 
the unfortunate of their race. The board 
of directors of this charity have issued 
a call for large funds to meet the in- 
creasing demands upon them. Fifty 
thousand dollars has been subscribed on 
the condition that the number of mem- 
bers of the society shall be increased 
during the year. 

* *■ * 

Dr. Carson, of South Dakota, tells of a 
church of only three members receiving 
thirty-three new members recently as 
the result of a special evangelistic meet- 
ing. A gain of eleven hundred per cent 
is an advance such as is not often ex- 

May, 1905] 



The church, it would seem, surely 
ought to waken to the needs at her own 
door. In the March " Spirit of Mis- 
sions," Walter Hughson, an Episcopal 
minister at Asheville, N. C, relates the 
following conditions found in a moun- 
tain home in North Carolina. He first 
states that he received a card from a 
woman pleading that he should come to 
see her for she was " very sick and was 
dying." He could not go but sent his 
assistant. " The day was wet and the 
soft clay slippery, and he found the trail 
over the mountain for two miles rather 
difficult. When he arrived at the cabin 
he found no one but a sick woman lying 
on the rough bed. A little pig ran 
around the room, which was perhaps six- 
teen feet square. There were no wind- 
ows; the door was open, although it was 
a cold wet day in March. A little wood 
fire in a great fireplace relieved the bar- 
ren appearance somewhat. She told of 
her life, how she had sinned, fallen again 
and again. The children, who had run 
away to hide in the woods when the 
' preacher ' had come, from the world's 
standpoint had no father. She said she 
had told it all to God, and asked Him 
to forgive her, but she wanted to tell 
the ' preacher.' " 

•$> <$* 4» 

One would hardly think that the 
United States no longer regarded the 
law of the Sabbath, when, according to 
good authorities, it is estimated that over 
three millions of people work seven days 
of the week. 

♦ * * 

The Rev. Andrew M. Milne, the La 
Plata agent of the American Bible So- 
ciety, whose work covers also the Pacific 
Coast countries of South America, has 
long been intensely interested in the 
Quechua Indians, and has longed to 
reach them with the Gospel. At last, by 
the generous help of a gifted Peruvian 
lady, Madame Turner, as translator, he 
has published for these people the Gos- 
pels of Mark and Luke and John and the 
Acts of the Apostles. Already these 

Scriptures have brought light to the in- 
dividuals among these poor peoples, and 
readers are going out to minister these 
mercies to others who are not able with- 
out help to understand the printed Gos- 

♦ * * 

Curious are the happenings in mission- 
ary work in Japan. A missionary of the 
Church Missionary Society had gained 
permission to give a lantern lecture to 
wounded soldiers. When he reached the 
place provided by the officers for the 
meeting he found it was a Buddhist tem- 
ple. There at one side of the high al- 
tar and under the shadows of Buddha he 
stood and preached Christ to a most at- 
tentive audience. The missionary had 
to tramp that night seven miles in the 
rain to reach his home, but his heart was 
light, for joy of having had the privilege 
of that talk to the friendly soldiers. 

♦** *** *♦* 

From Medical sources we learn that a 
new serum, " Leprolin," has been intro- 
duced as a remedy for leprosy. At Pe- 
rulia Asylum, in Bengal, where there are 
600 inmates under the care of " The 
Mission to Lepers in India and the 
East," three cases thus treated are de- 
clared to be " to all intents and pur- 
poses completely cured." In round num- 
bers about half a million of our fellow- 
creatures in India and China suffer from 
this terrible scourge, which has been well 
described as a living death. In the in- 
terests of this vast army of sufferers we 
most earnestly hope and pray that this 
new treatment may prove a success. — 
Mercy and Truth. 

* * * 

The following strong illustration was 
used by a missionary in India to try to 
prove to some Hindus the character of 
their worship: "Suppose that a woman 
should dress a dog in men's clothes and 
tell people it is her husband, how would 
the husband like it? But you do worse; 
you dress up a stick or a stone and tell 
people that it is God!" 



[May, 1905 

" O thou beloved, blood-washed 
Church of the Lamb in our own far-off 
home! Take these poor children [Eski- 
mos] on your arms of love, and pray for 
them constantly. We know that the 
grace, of God, and your intercessions 
have enabled us, the unworthiest of 
your missionaries, to work diligently and 
regardless of all danger, not counting 
our lives dear unto us in cold and hun- 
ger, and in perils by land and sea. We 
are but sinners saved by grace and not 
heroes. We are merely children who 
would do their Father's will." — Matthew 


* *> * 

What makes church troubles? Pros- 
perity lavished on self. What drives 
away the cause of church troubles? 
Seeking not one's own but another's 


*■ 4* **♦ 

Escape for a moment from the com- 
mon and unexamined notions of our 
Christian faith, and view them with fresh 
and candid scrutiny. How instantly 
startling these two questions become, 
Why should God have sent His Son out 
of His presence? What would my life 
be stripped of Christ? Let us not ac- 
cept at once and with only casual 
thought the natural replies. Let us 
think of God as withholding His Son 
from the world and the life of man, 
and of the possibility of a Christless 
life for ourselves. Perhaps no one of 
us can do this. The mental strength, 
the frank, intellectual honesty necessary 
for it are so rare. But if any man can 
do it, and justly conceive where and 
what his own life would be without the 
Son of God as the light and Lord of it. 
and the light and the Lord of its prep- 
aration for eighteen centuries, I have al- 
ready spoken my message to that man. 
As he shudders at the thought of such 

a gloom and poverty for himself, he will 
remember that the vast majority of his 
fellow-creatures are thus dark and poor. 
— Robert E. Speer. 

♦ ■• ♦ ♦ 
A minister lay on a sick bed. His 
work was done. To a brother in the 
ministry, by his side, he said, with an 
earnestness which long impressed his 
mind: "Preach! Preach! You will be 
shut up soon enough! " He had learned, 
as he was hastening to the close of life, 
what an unspeakable privilege it was to 
preach the Gospel of God. Some have 
not yet learned it, but when the oppor- 
tunity is past, the voice is hushed and 
the privilege of preaching is gone, per- 
haps some one will more clearly under- 
stand the value of the precious privi- 
lege of proclaiming among the Gentiles 
the unsearchable riches of Christ. 

♦fr * *■ 
If the lands of the savage had scented 
woods and mines of gold, Christians 
would find courage to go there, nor 
would the perils of the world prevent 
them. They are dastardly and alarmed 
because there is nothing to be gained 
there but the souls of men. Shall love 
be less hearty and less generous than 
avarice? — Francis Xavier. 

* * *■ 
A Christian worker once said: "The 
lessons I learn from the lives of mis- 
sionaries are invaluable. J. Hudson 
Taylor teaches me the supremacy of 
childlike faith; Mackay, of Formosa, the 
transforming power of consecrated for- 
ces and the preaching of Jesus; Paton, 
of the New Hebrides, how holy a pas- 
sion is love for souls; Andrew Murray 
and George Muller, that prayer availeth; 
Sheldon Jackson and Egerton Young, 
that the frozen north cannot cool *a 
flaming zeal for Christ." Another said: 
" These missionaries teach me that en- 
during hardship inspires love and quick- 
ens zeal. The cold of Greenland could 
not keep the Moravians away from their 
noble work there. The fever and heat 

May, 1905] 



did not daunt Livingstone. The dread 
of a living death among the lepers was 
not enough to hold Mary Reed in the 

* & 4» 

" I do not know the word discourage- 
ment," said Dr. John Scudder, " I long 
ago erased it from my vocabulary." 

" I do not want your pity, dear friends 
in the homeland," wrote a missionary 
from Zululand, " for I am in the ' tip- 
top ' field of the world." 

" I would rather wear out than rust 
out," said Henry Martyn of India. 

" I am God's little woman and He 
will take care of me," wrote Annie Tay- 
lor of Tibet. 

"My soul, wait thou only upon God; 
for my expectation is from Him," wrote 
Gardiner upon a rock on the coast of 
Tierra del Fuego, just before his death 
by starvation. 

" We missionaries have put in all we 
have got here," said Rockwell Clancy of 
India to a magazine correspondent. 
"We are here for life; we are hard at 
work; and we are happy." 

♦♦♦ ♦> * 

My heart's desire for my fellow-citi- 
zens " in the mountains " of the South 
is that they may with absorbing power 
avail themselves of the newer and richer 
privileges of school and church. These 
noble men and women are made of the 
right stuff, and they are to stand in the 
forefront of the great awakening that is 
to sweep the mountains of the South. 
The mountaineer is fast taking his right- 
ful place and putting his shoulder under 
the ever upward and onward progress of 
Christian civilization. — The Assembly 

* * * 

Five million dollars a year for for- 
eign missions? Yes, but that is laying 
foundations of character for two-thirds 
of the human race, is opening up conti- 
nents, transforming governments, en- 
riching literature, and hastening the day 
when this prodigal planet, scarred and 

marred by sin, shall be radiant with the 
effulgence of the glory of Him who 
said, " Go ye and make disciples of all 
nations." Can you, as one who wishes 
to be an all-round, well-educated Chris- 
tian young man or young woman, afford 
to be out of a mission-study class? — 
Christian Endeavor World. 

•K* ♦> ♦> 

The heart that loves sets no time limit 
to its service, nor stays to measure its 
gifts; for Love must serve and Love 
must give. — Foreign Field. 

*• * * 

Upon the occasion of the dedication 
of the new missionary home for the 
London Missionary Society Dr. Horton 
used for his text three words of Jesus, 
" Come — abide — Go." Among other 
things he made use of these striking ex- 
pressions: "It is a great thing to come 
to Christ, and a great thing to abide in 
Him, but the object of our coming and 
abiding is to go." " My great mistake in 
life was that I did not go out as a mis- 
sionary. I would give the world now to 
have done it." 

«fr * <*■ 

The people who are to save this world 
are living in it to-day. — Bishop Tho- 

♦ * * 

We ought to remember, to our great 
humiliation, that God is dependent upon 
the enlightened people of this genera- 
tion for the publication of the Gospel of 
His well-beloved Son to the unevange- 
lized of this generation. Do we have 
any just conception of the guilt of in- 
dividual indifference to individual duty in 
view of the above fact? — The Seach- 

* *** & 

Last year 83,350,000 bushels of grain 
went into the manufacture of drink. If 
converted into bread that amount would 
have supplied every family in the United 
States with 365 loaves — one for each 
day in the year. 



[May., 1905 




You can be a little helper, 

Child so fair! 
And your kindly deeds can make, 
For your heavenly Father's sake, 
Sunshine, love, and happiness 

Everywhere! " 

■"$•• ■*$"• fy 

Dear Father, whom I cannot see, 
Smile down from heaven on little me. 

Let angels through darkness spread 
Their holy wings about my bed; 

And keep me safe, because I am 
The heavenly Shepherd's little lamb. 

Dear God, our Father, watch and keep 
Father and mother while they sleep. 

Teach me to do what I am told 
And help me to be as good as gold. 

* 4* 4> 


Say "I will!" and then stick to it — 
That's the only way to do it. 
Don't build up awhile and then 
Tear the whole thing down again, 
Fix the goal you wish to gain, 
Then go at it heart and brain, 
And, though clouds shut out the blue, 
Do not dim your purpose true 

With you sighing. 
Stand erect, and like a man 
Know " They can who think they can." 

Keep a-trying. 

+X+ +X+ *x+ 


" How to make lives worth living? " 

The question haunts me every day; 
It colors the first blush of sunrise, 

It deepens the twilight's last ray. 
There is nothing that brings us a drearier 

Than the thought, " We have lived, we are 
living in vain." 

We need, each and all, to be needed, 
To feel we have something to give 
Toward soothing the moan of earth's hun- 
And we know that then only we live 
When we feed one another as we have been 

From the hand that gives body and spirit 
their bread. 

Our lives they are well worth the living, 
When we lose our small selves in the 
And feel the strong surges of being 
Throb through us, one heart and one soul. 
Eternity bears up each honest endeavor; 
The life lost for love is life saved, and for- 

— Lucy Larcom. 

* * * 

*This little song was written by an 
honored worker of the W. F. M. S. and 
sent to us by Mrs. Sherwood of Cincinnati. 

(Tune, "Lightly Row.") 
Here we stand, here we stand, 
Light Bearers, a happy band, 

As we sing, as we sing, 

Praises to our King. 
Little Light Bearers are we, 
Shining ever steadily, 

See us shine, see us shine 

For our King divine! 


Little Lights, little Lights 

Make the world all fair and bright; 

Filled with love, filled with love 

From our God above. 
He is light, and truth, and love, 
In His heavenly home above. 

So we shine, so we shine 

For our King divine! 


Now. we raise, now we raise 
All our voices in His praise; 

We proclaim, we proclaim 

"Blessed be His name!" 
Let these little tapers be 
For the children o'er the sea, 

For we know, for we know 

Jesus loves them so. 

—Fidelia H. De Witt. 

May, 1905] 


2 95 



Across the blue waters the message of 

O'er kingdom and empire is flying apace; 
The day-beam is breaking, majestic and 

And millions are turning from darkness to 


All creatures adoring shall bow at His 

All tongues shall confess Him their Sav- 
ior and Lord; 

His truth and His glory extended shall be, 

And cover the earth as the waters the sea. 

How gently and kindly there comes from 

His scepter of mercy, His standard of love! 
He ruleth in wisdom, t